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1.
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health ; 20(1):23, 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2200053

ABSTRACT

Health misinformation about nutrition and other health aspects on social media is a current public health concern. Healthcare professionals play an essential role in efforts to detect and correct it. The present study focuses on analyzing the use of competencies associated with training in methodology, health literacy, and critical lecture in order to detect sources of health misinformation that use scientific articles to support their false information. A qualitative study was conducted between 15 and 30 January 2022, wherein the participants were recruited from active users from a nutrition conversation on Twitter, diets, and cancer and defined themselves as healthcare professionals. This study demonstrates that health literacy and critical lecture competencies allow for the detection of more misinformation messages and are associated with a high rate of responses to users that spread the misinformation messages. Finally, this study proposes the necessity of developing actions to improve health literacy and critical lecture competencies between healthcare professionals. However, in order to achieve this, health authorities must develop strategies to psychologically support those healthcare professionals faced with bullying as a result of their activity on social media debunking health hoaxes.

2.
17th Asian Internet Engineering Conference, AINTEC 2022 ; : 26-35, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2194141

ABSTRACT

In 2020, when COVID-19 struck, social media gained even more influence in people's lives due to increased online activity. This event led to a surge of false information and cyberbullying, making content moderation harder than ever. Given this challenge, exploring opportunities to explore content moderation solutions to reduce hate speech and fake news on social media is vital. In this paper, we examine if existing content moderation systems are enough during global pandemics and, if not, where gaps may lie. Due to its intriguing Decentralized Content Management System (DCMS), we chose Reddit as the key social networking platform for our hypothesis testing. We used 1.8 million Reddit posts from COVID-19-related subreddits from January 2020 to April 2021. Our findings reveal several significant trends regarding the effect of a worldwide event on content moderation methods designed to lessen the prevalence of hazardous content and fake news. In light of these considerations, we provide the results of comprehensive research conducted with particular attention paid to the user-generated material and the DCMS of Reddit. © 2022 ACM.

3.
Behaviour & Information Technology ; 2023.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2186745

ABSTRACT

The pandemic compelled more exposure to online media in different forms like online education, interactions, gaming, and collaboration, which aggravated the cyberbullying issue. Cyberbullying can now occur in several different mediums due to the renewed lifestyle challenges spawned by the pandemic. Hence, it is imperative to assess the antecedents of cyberbullying behaviour (CBB). General Strain Theory (GST) is taken as a grounded theory to understand the underlying mechanisms of strain and anger and their impact on deviant outcomes like CBB. The current study adds to the GST literature by investigating the association between stress and anger, leading to cyberbullying behaviour. The study also examines the extent to which parenting factors (monitoring, communication, and trust) moderate adolescents' involvement in cyberbullying. An online survey was used to collect data from 221 high school Indian students for this purpose. As per the results, there is a direct relationship between strain, anger, and cyberbullying. The study confirms an indirect relationship between strain and cyberbullying through anger. The findings suggest that parental influences are important in moderating the relationship between strain and anger in adolescent cyberbullying behaviour. The study recommends strategies for parents, educators, and healthcare providers when dealing with cyberbullying behaviour.

4.
Nature ; 613(7942):19-21, 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2185702

ABSTRACT

On 11 December, Musk tweeted that his "pronouns are Prosecute/Fauci" in an apparent attempt both to mock the transgender and gender-nonconforming rights movements and to malign the departing director of the US National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Anthony Fauci, who has faced abuse and death threats for his role in advising the US government response to COVID-19. Since the site's founding in 2006, Twitter executives have often asserted that it aims to be nothing less than a 'public town square' of communication;it now claims almost 250 million daily users. Movements united by hashtags - from #IAmAScientistBecause to #BlackInTheIvory - have often seen Twitter acting as a rallying point for discussing key problems in academia, such as racism, sexism, harassment and bullying. Because of its status as a pre-eminent public discussion network and its relatively open data, Twitter has become a hotbed for researchers studying social reactions to world events - in particular, how information spreads on the network. [...]Twitter's discovery algorithm (which surfaces heavily discussed or shared messages on people's timelines) "prioritizes a very particular type of content", says Renée DiResta, who studies social networks and misinformation at the Stanford Internet Observatory in California.

5.
J Child Adolesc Trauma ; : 1-8, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2175360

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Establishing how the Covid-19 pandemic and related lockdowns have affected adolescent mental health is a key societal priority. Though numerous studies have examined this topic, few have focused on the wellbeing of pupils who experience school bullying. This is particularly important as pupils who experience bullying represent a vulnerable group at increased risk of mental illness. Therefore, we sought to investigate the relationship between experience of bullying and adolescent wellbeing during lockdown and subsequent re-opening of schools. METHODS: We used the TeenCovidLife dataset to examine the relationship between experience of bullying and pupils' perceived stress and wellbeing across three timepoints. Pupils aged 12-17 (n = 255) completed surveys during the first Covid-19 lockdown (May-July 2020), when they returned to school after the first lockdown (August-October 2020), and during the summer term of 2021 (May-June 2021). RESULTS: Perceived stress was higher in the group of pupils that experienced bullying than in the group that did not, though this difference between groups was smaller during lockdown than when pupils were attending school in person. Pupils who were bullied showed lower wellbeing across all timepoints. For the full sample of pupils, wellbeing was lowest (and perceived stress highest) at Time 3, one year after the first Covid-19 lockdown. CONCLUSION: The findings challenge previous assumptions that Covid-19 lockdowns were associated with a generalised decline in adolescent mental health. Instead, the picture is more nuanced, with perceived stress, though not wellbeing, varying according pupils' experiences of school bullying.

6.
Curr Psychol ; : 1-13, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2175061

ABSTRACT

The outbreak of COVID-19 has brought many challenges to youth development. During this specific period, adolescents have suffered from numerous behavioral problems, which will lead to more maladaptive consequences. It is necessary to explore several protective factors to prevent or reduce the occurrence of problem behaviors in adolescence. The current study combined school resources and self-control to evaluate the multiple protective effects on adolescents' problematic behaviors in a two-wave longitudinal study. A sample of 789 Chinese adolescents (Mage = 14.00 years, SD = 2.05, 418 boys) were recruited via the random cluster sampling method to participate in the survey. The results confirmed the assumptions about the multiple protective effects of school resources and self-control on adolescents' problem behaviors. Specifically, school resources could negatively predict IGD and victimization, and self-control mediated these associations. Moreover, one problematic behavior could also mediate the associations between self-control and another problematic behavior. This is the first study to focus on the multiple protective effects of positive factors on adolescents' problem behaviors during the post-pandemic period, which has made several contributions to the literature and practice.

7.
Webology ; 19(6):477-487, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2167896

ABSTRACT

This research presents a semantic analysis of text, based on the Systems Engineering program at the Universidad Francisco de Paula Santander Ocaña, with the purpose of knowing the index of positive mentions of the messages offered on the web page of the university and the respective program, and that due to online enrollment become the reference information for applicants to enter the program. Five factors were measured: Mission, Vision, Objectives, Professional Profile and Occupational Profile;obtaining a positive index between 55% and 65% in the previous factors. Wolfram software and the semantic text package were used to extract information, create tokens and classify the data.

8.
International Journal of Emotional Education ; 14(2):36-52, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2207233

ABSTRACT

Indications are that cyberstanders can be negatively affected by witnessing cyberbullying incidents and are even more likely than direct victims of cyberbullying to report symptoms of stress. However, cyberbystanders are understudied in the cyberbullying literature because most research predominantly focuses on perpetrators or direct victims of cyberbullying. This study aimed to explore the lived experiences of adolescent cyberbystanders who witnessed cyberbullying in the COVID-19 era. Twenty adolescent cyberbystanders were purposely selected to participate in this study. The qualitative data was analysed using inductive thematic analysis. The findings demonstrated that cyberbullying has various detrimental effects that include educational, psychological, and emotional consequences for those exposed to it. It is recommended that anti-cyberbullying programmes should be incorporated into the curriculum so that teachers and educational psychologists can emphasise the negative impact of cyberbullying on bullies, victims and bystanders. With more awareness of the detrimental consequences of cyberbullying on all parties involved, adolescents may become more competent in respecting people's rights and privacy within cyberspace.

9.
Psychology Society & Education ; 14(3):38-47, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2204838

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic school closures on peer victimization in Mexico and Russia. In addition to effects on academic performance and attendance, the lockdowns interfered with usual peer socialization experiences and interactions. We examined the effects on the problem of bullying victimization. Since all measures were originally in English, factorial invariance was established at the outset. Comparisons by country for frequency of victimization, type of victimization, harmfulness of the victimization experiences, location of the victimization, and relationships to the perpetrator, were calculated. Although the countries were similar in many ways, significant differences were detected on several items;one notable difference was the relationship to the perpetrator. In Mexico, the most common bully was siblings, while in Russia, the highest rank was for parents. Significant differences reflected the cultural contexts of each country;these cultural influences are discussed.

10.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; 43(10):1462-1466, 2022.
Article in Chinese | GIM | ID: covidwho-2155910

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the association between acute stress response during the outbreak of COVID-19 and peer bullying behaviors during the normalized management of COVID-19 among middle school students, and to provide a basis for developing relevant measures for peer bullying prevention.

11.
Nurs Open ; 2022.
Article in English | PubMed | ID: covidwho-2148427

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Nurse-to-nurse (N2N) horizontal violence has been documented among the main determinants of nurses' turnover intention. Even with its utmost importance, inadequate attention has been thus far drawn to the way crisis-induced pressure added to work environments, such as the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, can impact horizontal violence, and then give rise to turnover intention. AIM: The present study was to investigate the relationship between N2N horizontal violence along with its dimensions and turnover intention among clinical nurses. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted utilizing the Turnover Intention Questionnaire (TIQ), developed by Kim et al. (2007), and the Negative Acts Questionnaire-Revised (NAQ-R;Einarsen, Hoel, & Notelaers, 2009). The participants, recruited by random sampling, included 295 clinical nurses working in referral hospitals for COVID-19. The data were also analysed using the SPSS software package (ver. 19), via descriptive and inferential statistics, Pearson correlation test and multiple linear regression. RESULTS: The study participants obtained the mean scores of 52.50 ± 11.85 and 45.38 ± 13.24 for turnover intention and horizontal violence, respectively. Among the dimensions of horizontal violence, the highest value belonged to "work-related bullying," with the mean score of 51.04 ± 15.23, and the lowest was associated with the "physically intimidating bullying" dimension, with the mean value of 15.90 ± 5.96. The Pearson correlation test results correspondingly showed that turnover intention was positively correlated with work-related bullying (r = 0.73), person-oriented bullying (r = 0.72), physically intimidating bullying (r = 0.53) and overall horizontal violence (r = 0.74). The regression analysis outcomes additionally demonstrated that the work-related and person-oriented bullying dimensions of N2N horizontal violence could predict turnover intention in nurses (F = 184.66, p < 0.001). IMPLICATIONS: The study findings help nursing managers and policymakers to immediately formulate sound measures and guidelines to prevent or at least manage the problems, viz., N2N horizontal violence and turnover intention. These measures can be thus in the form of training programs focused on communication, stress reduction and conflict resolution techniques, especially during crises, together with obvious procedures for reporting the incidents of horizontal violence.

12.
Journal of Library Administration ; : 1-27, 2022.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-2160508

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to explore the internal library workplace incivility, conflict, and dysfunction which currently exist and identify five-year trends as compared to the results of the study conducted by Henry et al. (2018). Areas of bullying, cyber bullying, mobbing, cyberloafing, and emotional intelligence were explored in addition to the impact of COVID-19 on incivility. The data represents both quantitative and qualitative feedback from 643 library employees through a self-reporting survey distributed by the authors through listservs. Findings indicate since 2017 library workplace dysfunction, cyberloafing, and bullying behaviors have increased while mobbing and emotional intelligence have declined. [ FROM AUTHOR]

13.
6th IEEE Ecuador Technical Chapters Meeting, ETCM 2022 ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2136168

ABSTRACT

The development of new information and communication technologies (ICTs) has become widespread due to the technology development and the COVID-19 pandemic;consequently, internet use has increased and impacted different social areas, like communication, education, and the way people relate. Therefore, increasing the cases of bullying and cyberbullying in children and teenagers. In addition, instructional tools, such as microlearning, have emerged in education, allowing for compressing and massifying educational content from different areas of knowledge. This tool aims to reduce learning time and can be deployed on any platform without using traditional means of learning. This paper presents an overview of a method for creating learning capsules in the domain of bullying and cyberbullying named LeCCMe. This method is based on the ADDIE instructional model and incorporates a diffusion phase to reach the largest possible population. Finally, a case study is presented, in which a learning capsule has been created to prevent bullying and cyberbullying. © 2022 IEEE.

14.
J Sch Health ; 2022 Nov 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2121399

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: As COVID-19 has let many students into remote learning environments and exacerbated inequality among marginalized individuals, there is a growing concern about Bias-Based Bullying (BBB) in online spaces among school-aged youths. Learning modality and perceived school fairness may affect youth's likelihood of reporting BBB. METHODS: Data were collected as part of "No Place For Hate" (NPFH) project, which was conducted by an equity office of a school district. A sample of middle and high school students (N = 1117) in the school district was used as an analytic sample. We conducted a series of independent samples t tests and calculated a hierarchical stepwise multivariate regression model to examine the proposition. RESULTS: Results demonstrated that students in fully remote modality reported slightly higher levels of witnessing BBB (t = 2.29, p < .05), lower perceived school fairness (t = -2.94, p < .01), and higher levels of likelihood of reporting BBB (t = 2.31, p < .05). Results of the regression model showed that perceived school fairness was positively associated with likelihood of reporting BBB, even when considering the influences of sociodemographic characteristics, learning modality, and experience of witnessing BBB. CONCLUSIONS: Findings of this study suggest that learning modality and perceived school fairness can meaningfully explain witnesses' likelihood of reporting BBB. Additional research should continue investigating how schools can encourage students to increase their likelihood of reporting and adopt the bystander response of reporting against BBB at school to ensure school health and safety.

15.
Front Psychol ; 13: 1016368, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2119541

ABSTRACT

Remote work became the new normal during COVID-19 as a response to restrictions imposed by governments across the globe. Therefore, remote work's impact on employee outcomes, well-being, and psychological health has become a serious concern. However, the knowledge about the mechanisms and outcomes of remote work is still limited. In this study, we expect remote work to be negatively related to bullying and assume that bullying will mediate remote work's impact on work engagement and loneliness. To test our hypothetical model, we applied a cross-sectional design using data from a large representative sample of 1,511 Norwegian workers. The data were collected in September 2021 during a period of COVID-19 restrictions in Norway. The results confirmed our hypotheses: remote work was positively related to loneliness and work engagement but negatively related to bullying. Further, bullying was positively related to loneliness and negatively related to work engagement. Moreover, bullying was also found to play a partial mediating role, supporting our hypothesis. This study suggests that remote work is related to both positive and negative mechanisms in the workplace. Remote work can potentially reduce bullying and have a protective function in preventing bullying. However, since remote work has positive relations with both loneliness and work engagement, this study illustrates that organizations should be cautious and perhaps consider a moderate level of remote work. Hence, the results have several implications for HR policies and management.

16.
Brain Behav ; 12(11): e2757, 2022 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2118861

ABSTRACT

AIM: To evaluate how gelotophobia correlates with trait anxiety in a sample of Brazilian college students. METHODS: We evaluated the association of GELOPH < 15 > scores with both self-reported experiences of bullying victimization and trait anxiety measures assessed by the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI). The study consisted of a sample of 65 adult volunteers (M = 21.48, SD = 2.54 years, 38 females), recruited through social media or flyer distribution, and submitted to online versions of the gelotophobia assessment instrument (GELOPH < 15 >) and the STAI. RESULTS: Most participants (N = 56, 86.15%) had an STAI-T score indicative of high trait anxiety. The average GELOPH < 15 > score of the sample was 2.69 (0.65) and 39 of the subjects (60%) were considered gelotophobes. There was a strong positive correlation between the GELOPH < 15 > and STAI-T scores but no correlation between bullying and either the STAI-T and GELOPH < 15 > scores. However, the great majority of subjects with gelotophobia reported been previously bullied. CONCLUSION: In our sample, all gelotophobes had trait anxiety, but only a fraction of anxious subjects had gelotophobia. These preliminary findings expand on previous reports underscoring the high prevalence of mental health problems afflicting higher education students in Brazil.


Subject(s)
Anxiety , Fear , Adult , Female , Humans , Brazil/epidemiology , Anxiety/epidemiology , Anxiety/psychology , Fear/psychology , Anxiety Disorders/psychology , Personality Inventory
17.
High Educ (Dordr) ; : 1-17, 2022 Oct 27.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2094687

ABSTRACT

During COVID-19, universities across the globe experienced a rapid requirement to move to online learning and teaching provision. This rapid move has been explored as emergency remote education (ERE). This paper reviews and presents some emerging literature regarding ERE, demonstrating how this created an environment where technology-mediated abuse could arise within the university context. Intentional and unintentional forms of technology-mediated abuse, within a global context, are considered with account of how intersectional characteristics can impact. The paper concludes with a set of provocations explored within an example framework. The provocations are given to situate ways of thinking which are facilitative of safer and more respectful use of technological spaces. Both the provocations and example framework aim to be useful critical tools for program and module teams to adapt in higher education institutions within the online sphere. The phenomenon of ERE is an opportunity to consider what can be learned with regard to management of technology-mediated abuse. However, a focus on ERE presents limitations in the paper because of the smaller number of academic sources at this time, due to recency of the COVID-19 pandemic.

18.
Journal of Sport and Health Research ; 14:57-68, 2022.
Article in Spanish | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2092316

ABSTRACT

The increase in the use of technologies because of the pandemic caused by COVID-19 has developed the risks to which students are exposed in the virtual context. In this way, bullying has been extended to cyberspace, promoting an increase in cyberbullying among primary school students. The consequences are visible in psychosocial and psychoemotional factors, emphasizing self-concept as a protective factor of online bullying. Therefore, it would be worth addressing its development in educational centers. One of the ways to tackle self-concept is through cooperative learning in physical education, since if it is taught correctly, it promotes the personal and social development of students, as well as improves coexistence and reduces exclusion and aggression behaviors. For these reasons, a didactic proposal is presented whose purpose is to integrate cooperative learning as a preventive methodology for bullying and cyberbullying, focusing attention on the improvement of students' self-concept. © 2022 Didactic Asociation Andalucia. All rights reserved.

19.
J Clin Psychol Med Settings ; 2022 Oct 22.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2085457

ABSTRACT

Nurses experience a high incidence of workplace bullying and are at a higher risk of suicide than the general population. However, there is no empirical evidence on how exposure to workplace bullying is associated with suicide ideation and attempts among nurses. Nurses were recruited from tertiary hospitals in Shandong Province, China, using stratified cluster sampling. Suicide ideation and attempts were assessed using two items, and the Workplace Psychologically Violent Behaviors Instrument was used to measure subtypes of workplace bullying. The prevalence of workplace bullying, suicide ideation, and suicide attempts was 30.6%, 16.8%, and 10.8%, respectively. After adjusting for covariates, victims of workplace bullying were at a high risk of suicide ideation and attempts. Among workplace bullying subtypes, individuals' isolation from work and direct negative behaviors were predictors of both suicide ideation and attempts; attack on personality only predicted suicide attempts. The more bullying subtypes experienced by nurses, the greater their likelihood of suicide ideation and attempts. These findings suggested that workplace bullying was associated with an increased risk of suicide ideation and attempts in nurses, with both independent and cumulative risks. Interventions should focus on prevention and managing the effects of workplace bullying among nurses.

20.
Work ; 73(2): 383-392, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2080081

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Violence in the work or school environment is becoming a public health problem. Bullying in this scenario is characterized by a set of aggressive, repetitive, intentional behaviors which occur without evident motivation and affects countless young people daily. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to verify the incidence of bullying cases of elementary and high school students during the COVID-19 pandemic, describing the reasons for this victimization from an emic view; in addition, to compare associated factors such as nutritional status and body image between victims and non-victims of bullying. METHOD: This is a non-probabilistic descriptive design involving 115 students regularly enrolled in elementary and high school in public schools in the city of Dourados-MS, Brazil. RESULTS: The results indicated an incidence of 20.9% of victims, with verbal aggression (swearing, nicknames, gossip) and social exclusion being the most recurrent. A total of 78.2% of the victim students did not suffer bullying during social distancing, and 87.3% felt safer in their homes. The rate of overweight and obesity was similar between victims and non-victims, similar to the body perception result. CONCLUSIONS: This study indicated that social distancing during the COVID-19 pandemic was a protective barrier in school bullying actions.


Subject(s)
Bullying , COVID-19 , Humans , Child , Adolescent , Physical Distancing , COVID-19/epidemiology , Pandemics , Surveys and Questionnaires
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