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Medicina (Brazil) ; 56(1) (no pagination), 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2315063
Pesquisa Brasileira em Odontopediatria e Clinica Integrada ; 23, 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2293717
Anales de la Real Academia Nacional de Farmacia ; 88(3):293-302, 2022.
Article in Spanish | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2207101
Hypertension. Conference: American Heart Association's Hypertension ; 79(Supplement 1), 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2064361
Journal of Henan Normal University Natural Science Edition ; 49(4):212-219, 2022.
Article in Chinese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2026896
Gut ; 71:A83-A84, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2005362
J Nutr Sci ; 11: e64, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1972473


Marketing influences consumers' dietary purchases. However, little is known about marketing environments in Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)-authorised stores. The present study explored SNAP-authorised store marketing environments in Louisiana by rurality, store ownership and store type (n 42). Sampling methods were designed to include randomly selected stores in each geographic area of the state. The GroPromo was used to measure placement, promotion, and child-focused aspects of marketing strategies used for healthier (fruits and vegetables) and less healthy products (chips, candy, sugar-sweetened beverages, child-focused cereal) in medium- and high-prominence marketing areas. In using multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) (P < 0⋅05) for data analysis, variations in GroPromo scores were found among SNAP-authorised stores by rurality (P < 0⋅05) and store ownership (P < 0⋅001); no differences were found by store type (P > 0⋅05). Future research, practice and policy strategies are required to understand the influence of marketing environments on SNAP participants' dietary quality and to design responsive public health interventions.

Food Assistance , Beverages , Commerce , Food Supply , Humans , Marketing , Poverty
European Journal of Preventive Cardiology ; 29(SUPPL 1):i438, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1915609
Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal ; 59(4 SUPPL):28, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1868936
Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology ; 127(5):S43, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1748293
Current Research in Nutrition and Food Science ; 9(3):855-865, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1614309
mSystems ; 5(6)2020 Oct 29.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-894830


Due to the COVID-19 pandemic and potential public health implications, we are publishing this peer-reviewed manuscript in its accepted form. The final, copyedited version of the paper will be available at a later date. Although SARS-CoV-2 is primarily transmitted by respiratory droplets and aerosols, transmission by fomites remains plausible. During Halloween, a major event for children in numerous countries, SARS-CoV-2 transmission risk via candy fomites worries many parents. To address this concern, we enrolled 10 recently diagnosed asymptomatic or mildly/moderately symptomatic COVID-19 patients to handle typical Halloween candy (pieces individually wrapped) under three conditions: normal handling with unwashed hands, deliberate coughing and extensive touching, and normal handling following handwashing. We then used a factorial design to subject the candies to two post-handling treatments: no washing (untreated) and household dishwashing detergent. We measured SARS-CoV-2 load by RT-qPCR and LAMP. From the candies not washed post-handling, we detected SARS-CoV-2 on 60% of candies that were deliberately coughed on, 60% of candies normally handled with unwashed hands, but only 10% of candies handled after hand washing. We found that treating candy with dishwashing detergent reduced SARS-CoV-2 load by 62.1% in comparison to untreated candy. Taken together, these results suggest that although the risk of transmission of SARS-CoV-2 by fomites is low even from known COVID-19 patients, viral RNA load can be reduced to near zero by the combination of handwashing by the infected patient and ≥1 minute detergent treatment after collection. We also found that the inexpensive and fast LAMP protocol was more than 80% concordant with RT-qPCR.IMPORTANCE The COVID-19 pandemic is leading to important tradeoffs between risk of SARS-CoV-2 transmission and mental health due to deprivation from normal activities, with these impacts being especially profound in children. Due to the ongoing pandemic, Halloween activities will be curtailed as a result of the concern that candy from strangers might act as fomites. Here we demonstrate that these risks can be mitigated by ensuring that prior to handling candy, the candy giver washes their hands, and by washing collected candy with household dishwashing detergent. Even in the most extreme case, with candy deliberately coughed on by known COVID-19 patients, viral load was reduced dramatically after washing with household detergent. We conclude that with reasonable precautions, even if followed only by either the candy giver or the candy recipient, the risk of viral transmission by this route is very low.