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1.
J Vet Sci ; 23(4): e52, 2022 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1975112

ABSTRACT

This paper reports a presumptive severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection in a cat. A cat with respiratory disease living with three individuals with coronavirus disease 2019 showed bilateral ground-glass opacities in the lung on X-ray and computed tomography. The clinical swabs were negative for SARS-CoV-2 RNA, but the serum was positive for SARS-CoV-2 antibodies. Interstitial pneumonia and prominent type 2 pneumocyte hyperplasia were noted on histopathology. Respiratory tissues were negative for SARS-CoV-2 RNA or antigen, but the cat was positive for feline parvovirus DNA. In conclusion, the respiratory disease and associated pathology in this cat could have been due to exposure to SARS-CoV-2.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Cat Diseases , Animals , Antibodies, Viral , COVID-19/veterinary , Cat Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Cats , RNA, Viral , SARS-CoV-2 , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/veterinary
2.
Top Companion Anim Med ; : 100696, 2022 Jul 30.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1967161

ABSTRACT

The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic affected not only the physical and emotional health of human beings but also cats. Restrictions put into effect during the pandemic resulted in changes in the daily routine of pet cats and the number of new pet owners. The current study aimed to evaluate the diseases induced by stress in cats, such as gastrointestinal, hepatobiliary, and urinary tract diseases. To this end, the study evaluated the pre-pandemic (n: 52) (March 2019-Feb 2020) and pandemic (n: 95) (March 2020-March 2021) diagnosis data of cats (n: 147) with gastrointestinal, hepatobiliary, and urinary system diseases admitted to the Internal Medicine Department of Hatay Mustafa Kemal University Veterinary Health, Practice and Research Center between March 2019 and March 2021. There was no statistically significant difference between the sexes of the cats admitted to the clinic in both periods. There was a significant change in cat breeds during the pandemic, except for the mixed-breed and Ankara breeds. The age (mean ± SEM) of the cats admitted to the clinic was 30.14 ± 4.24 months before the pandemic and 30.45 ± 3.43 during the pandemic. Distributions of gastrointestinal diseases in the pre-pandemic and pandemic periods were determined as 35.7% and 64.3%, respectively. During the pandemic, the number of gastritis cases was lower than that in the pre-pandemic period, and the number of gastroenteritis cases was higher than that in the pre-pandemic period. Except for gastrointestinal diseases (P<0.05), a statistical difference between the periods was not found. The changes, especially influencing the daily routine of cats and causing stress, seem to have had significant effects on the gastrointestinal health of domestic cats.

3.
Sleep Science ; 15:29-30, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1935358

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Sleep complaints are common in individuals with neurodevelopmental disorders. However, little is known about sleep alterations in children with cri du chat syndrome (CDC) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) due to the social isolation resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic. Objective: To assess alterations in sleep quality and its associated parameters before and after quarantine resulting from COVID-19, comparing the results between CDC, ASD or neurotypical children. Methods: Sleep was investigated in 53 children with CDC and 106 with ASD using an adaptation of the Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire (BISQ), assessing sleep patterns both before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. Data were evaluated in comparison to 160 neurotypical (NT) children. Results: Children with CDC and ASD already had higher chances of needing parental assistance to fall asleep, taking more than 30min to fall asleep and having a wake after sleep onset time (WASO) >30min when comparing to neurotypical children in the moment preceding quarantine. Having CDC significantly increased the odds of having awakenings during the night. During quarantine, the proportion of children sleeping in their own bedrooms had decreased and the odds of awakening during the night had increased in all groups. Children with CDC and ASD had significantly higher odds of taking more than 30min to fall asleep. The chance of having a WASO >30min increased in children with ASD but decreased in CDC ones. The quarantine period statistically increased the odds ratio of children having a sleep latency of >30min by nearly 5-fold for all groups. Conclusion: The CDC group presented worse sleep parameters overall, even before quarantine. In both the CDC and ASD group worse sleep indicators were found during the COVID-19 pandemic.

4.
Vet Sci ; 9(7)2022 Jul 18.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1939073

ABSTRACT

The restrictive measures implemented to stem the spread of COVID-19 abruptly changed the lives of many cats and their owners. This study explored whether the lockdown in Italy affected the cat-owner relationship, as well as cat behaviour and welfare. A survey that included questions on owner and cat's demographics, living environment, cat behaviour and a modified version of the Cat/Dog Relationship Scale (C/DORS) was distributed online during the lockdown and was completed by 548 cat owners, mainly women (81.6%). With regard to the C/DORS subscales, both emotional closeness and cat-owner interactions increased during confinement, as opposed to a reduction in perceived costs. The effect of the type of job, family role and owner's age on the C/DORS scores suggests that the relationship improved for those owners that, due to the lockdown, increased the time spent with their cats. For 58.8% of respondents, their cat's general behaviour did not change, but when changes occurred, they were mostly positive (20.4%). Attention-seeking and demanding behaviours were the most increased during lockdown (25.7%). Cats with pre-existing problematic behaviours tended to either remain stable or improve during confinement. The overall positive effects of lockdown-related environmental changes on a cat's behaviour suggest that some aspects of commonly implemented cat management practices should be revised to improve cat welfare in normal circumstances.

5.
2nd International Conference on IoT and Big Data Technologies for HealthCare, IoTCare 2021 ; 415 LNICST:479-487, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1930261

ABSTRACT

The rapid global spread of COVID-19 poses a huge threat to human security. Accurate and rapid diagnosis is essential to contain COVID-19, and an artificial intelligence-based classification model is an ideal solution to this problem. In this paper, we propose a method based on wavelet entropy and Cat Swarm Optimization to classify chest CT images for the diagnosis of COVID-19 and achieve the best performance among similar methods. The mean and standard deviation of sensitivity is 74.93 ± 2.12, specificity is 77.57 ± 2.25, precision is 76.99 ± 1.79, accuracy is 76.25 ± 1.49, F1-score is 75.93 ± 1.53, Matthews correlation coefficient is 52.54 ± 2.97, Feature Mutual Information is 75.94 ± 1.53. © 2022, ICST Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering.

6.
Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine ; 52(2):303-309, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1928906

ABSTRACT

FCoV viruses exhibit great genetic diversity, leading to the presence of FIPV-causing variants. Current molecular evolution analysis and genetic variation studies of FCoV in China are predominately focused on gene encoding the spike protein or other structural proteins, while few studies have evaluated genetic variations in nonstructural FCoV genes, which can play an important role in disease pathogenesis. In this study, the gene encoding the open reading frame (ORF) 7b nonstructural FCoV protein of the Chinese Fujian strain FJLY20201 was amplified from the ascitic fluid of a Chinese domestic cat infected with FIPV and compared with ORF 7b from previously published FCoV strains. Multiple sequence alignment revealed that FJLY20201 exhibited high identity with other Chinese FCoV strains. Phylogenetic analyses indicated that the Chinese strains did not differentiate between type I and type II serotypes of FCoV based on S proteins. In addition, they formed clades and differed genetically from strains originating outside China. This study provides the molecular epidemiology data about the ORF 7b genes of FCoV strains in China. Our results show that the identity of ORF 7b genes was closer between the Chinese isolates, and suggest that variation in ORF 7b is more dependent on geographical origin.

7.
American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine ; 205(1), 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1927826

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Encephalopathy in a transplant recipient is a challenging clinical presentation that requires a broad differential (both infectious and noninfectious) and consideration of exposures. West Nile Virus (WNV) encephalitis is a rare etiology of encephalopathy in a transplant recipient with controversial management. Case: A man in his seventies presented due to encephalopathy in September 2021. Medical history was significant for deceased donor kidney transplant in September 2020 and myasthenia gravis. Immunosuppression consisted of tacrolimus, mycophenolic acid, and prednisone 10 mg daily. He was on fluconazole for coccidioidomycosis prophylaxis. Symptoms consisted of worsening weakness over five days and headaches for two days. On admission, he was febrile to 38.1° C and had altered mental status. He was started on empiric meningitis treatment with ampicillin, vancomycin, cefepime, and acyclovir, and was given doxycycline for atypical coverage. He developed worsening encephalopathy and was intubated for airway protection. CSF profile revealed 255/mm3 WBC (77% neutrophils, 20% lymphocytes, 3% monocytes), 45/mm3 RBC, 61 glucose mg/dL (serum 126 mg/dL), and 96.1 mg/dL protein. Exposure history was significant for visiting family in central Arizona several weeks prior to presentation where he was exposed to mosquitos and two cats. He ate at a fast-food restaurant two days prior to presentation. He received three doses of COVID-19 vaccine. He was born and raised in Arizona and has remote travel to Mexico. Extensive studies (considering the risk factors above) identified the etiology of his encephalopathy as WNV encephalitis with positive serum PCR, elevated serum and CSF IgM with normal IgG. Unfortunately, the patient expired despite aggressive therapy. Discussion: This case represents three interesting challenges that we feel will be of interest to the conference attendees. The first is encephalopathy in a transplant recipient within one year of transplant requires a broad differential including donor-derived infections, opportunistic organisms that can cause meningoencephalitis, as well as knowledge of local and seasonal pathogens on the rise. With the monsoon season in 2021, Arizona rose to become one of the top ten states in the country with WNV cases. The second is management of a critically ill patient with meningitis and myasthenia gravis, since multiple agents for empiric therapy have been associated with worsening of or precipitating myasthenic crisis. Finally, supportive care is the mainstay of the management of WNV encephalitis and IVIG and adjustments in immunosuppression is controversial.

8.
Sleep ; 45(SUPPL 1):A215, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1927413

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic has subjected most of the world population to changes in daily life activities, mostly related to social isolation, family distancing and home confinement. Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and other neurodevelopmental syndromes, such as cri du chat syndrome (CDC) might be especially sensitive to the consequences of the pandemic, as they usually require a predefined and strictly controlled routine. Even before the pandemic, sleep disorders and complaints were more frequent in these children compared with neurotypical (NT) children. This study aimed to evaluate the sleep pattern of children with CDC and ASD before and during the pandemic, comparing it with NT children. Methods: Children and adolescents between 0-18 years' parents or legal guardians were asked to answer the adapted Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire, related to both before and during the COVID- 19 pandemic. Results: Before quarantine, children with CDC and ASD had increased chances of sleeping in their parents' bed, of needing parental assistance to fall asleep, of taking >30min to fall asleep and of having a wake after sleep onset time >30min compared to children with typical development. Being part of the CDC group significantly increased the odds of having awakenings during the night. After quarantine, there were a decrease in the proportion of children sleeping in their own bedrooms and an increase in the odds of awakening during the night in all groups. Children with CDC and ASD had increased chances of sleeping in their parents' bed and had a significantly higher chance of taking more than 30min to fall asleep. Both the CDC and ASD group presented worse sleep patterns during the COVID-19 pandemic. Conclusion: Our results indicated that the ASD and CDC groups usually have more sleep problems and complaints than NT children. The CDC group showed worse sleep parameters overall, even before quarantine.

9.
Anticancer Res ; 42(7): 3261-3274, 2022 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1924868

ABSTRACT

Cancer and COVID-19 are both well-established risk factors predisposing to thrombosis. Both disease entities are correlated with increased incidence of venous thrombotic events through multifaceted pathogenic mechanisms involving the interaction of cancer cells or SARS-CoV2 on the one hand and the coagulation system and endothelial cells on the other hand. Thromboprophylaxis is recommended for hospitalized patients with active cancer and high-risk outpatients with cancer receiving anticancer treatment. Universal thromboprophylaxis with a high prophylactic dose of low molecular weight heparins (LMWH) or therapeutic dose in select patients, is currentlyindicated for hospitalized patients with COVID-19. Also, prophylactic anticoagulation is recommended for outpatients with COVID-19 at high risk for thrombosis or disease worsening. However, whether there is an additive risk of thrombosis when a patient with cancer is infected with SARS-CoV2 remains unclear In the current review, we summarize and critically discuss the literature regarding the epidemiology of thrombotic events in patients with cancer and concomitant COVID-19, the thrombotic risk assessment, and the recommendations on thromboprophylaxis for this subgroup of patients. Current data do not support an additive thrombotic risk for patients with cancer and COVID-19. Of note, patients with cancer have less access to intensive care unit care, a setting associated with high thrombotic risk. Based on current evidence, patients with cancer and COVID-19 should be assessed with well-established risk assessment models for medically ill patients and receive thromboprophylaxis, preferentially with LMWH, according to existing recommendations. Prospective trials on well-characterized populations do not exist.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Neoplasms , Thrombosis , Venous Thromboembolism , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use , COVID-19/complications , Endothelial Cells , Heparin, Low-Molecular-Weight/therapeutic use , Humans , Neoplasms/complications , Neoplasms/drug therapy , Prospective Studies , RNA, Viral , Risk Factors , SARS-CoV-2 , Thrombosis/drug therapy , Thrombosis/etiology , Thrombosis/prevention & control , Venous Thromboembolism/drug therapy , Venous Thromboembolism/etiology , Venous Thromboembolism/prevention & control
10.
Emerg Infect Dis ; 28(7): 1485-1488, 2022 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1917184

ABSTRACT

A veterinarian in Thailand was diagnosed with COVID-19 after being sneezed on by an infected cat owned by an infected patient. Genetic study supported the hypothesis of SARS-CoV-2 transmission from the owner to the cat, and then from the cat to the veterinarian.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Humans , SARS-CoV-2/genetics , Thailand/epidemiology
11.
Vet Sci ; 9(6)2022 Jun 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1911734

ABSTRACT

In fish-based foods, one of the effects of inappropriate storage can be the formation of biogenic amines. Among these, histamine is considered one of the most toxic. The purpose of the present study is to assess the occurrence of histamine in fish-based pet foods, and to evaluate the changes in histamine content during storage at different temperatures. For the analysis, an LC-MS/MS method was used. Fifty-eight pet foods were purchased, and an aliquot of them was analyzed just after opening the packages. Histamine was detected in 12 samples and concentrations ranged from 1.5 to 30.1 mg/kg. The remaining of each positive sample was divided into seven subsamples. One of them was used as a control sample and kept at -20 °C, while the other six were exposed to different environmental conditions. Samples exposed to room temperature showed no significant changes in histamine levels, while samples exposed to high temperatures showed significant increases in histamine content. Finally, samples exposed to refrigerator temperature showed a slight decrease in histamine levels. Under the experimental conditions, the EU limit of 100 mg/kg established for fishery products was never exceeded. These results seem to indicate a low risk of histamine intoxication in cats fed fish-based pet food.

12.
Front Vet Sci ; 9: 864884, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1911128

ABSTRACT

Companion animals are susceptible to a variety of coronaviruses, and recent studies show that felines are highly susceptible to SARS-CoV-2 infection. RT-PCR diagnostic is currently the method of choice to detect the presence of SARS-CoV-2-specific viral nucleic acids in animal samples during an active infection; however, serological assays are critical to determine whether animals were exposed to the virus and to determine the seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2-specific antibodies in a defined population. In this study, we utilized recombinant nucleocapsid (N) protein and the receptor-binding domain (RBD) of the spike protein of SARS-CoV-2 expressed in E. coli (N) and mammalian cells (N, RBD) to develop indirect ELISA (iELISA) tests using well-characterized SARS-CoV-2-positive and -negative cat serum panels from previous experimental cat challenge studies. The optimal conditions for the iELISA tests were established based on checkerboard dilutions of antigens and antibodies. The diagnostic sensitivity for the detection of feline antibodies specific for the N or RBD proteins of the iELISA tests was between 93.3 and 97.8%, respectively, and the diagnostic specificity 95.5%. The iELISAs developed here can be used for high-throughput screening of cat sera for both antigens. The presence of SARS-CoV-2-specific antibodies in a BSL-2 biocontainment environment, unlike virus neutralization tests with live virus which have to be performed in BSL-3 laboratories.

13.
COMPUTER SYSTEMS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING ; 44(1):629-645, 2023.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1912677

ABSTRACT

About 170 nations have been affected by the COvid VIrus Disease-19 (COVID-19) epidemic. On governing bodies across the globe, a lot of stress is created by COVID-19 as there is a continuous rise in patient count testing positive, and they feel challenging to tackle this situation. Most researchers concentrate on COVID-19 data analysis using the machine learning paradigm in these situations. In the previous works, Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) was used to predict future COVID-19 cases. According to LSTM network data, the outbreak is expected to finish by June 2020. However, there is a chance of an over-fitting problem in LSTM and true positive;it may not produce the required results. The COVID-19 dataset has lower accuracy and a higher error rate in the existing system. The proposed method has been introduced to overcome the above-mentioned issues. For COVID-19 prediction, a Linear Decreasing Inertia Weight-based Cat Swarm Optimization with Half Binomial Distribution based Convolutional Neural Network (LDIWCSO-HBDCNN) approach is presented. In this suggested research study, the COVID-19 predicting dataset is employed as an input, and the min-max normalization approach is employed to normalize it. Optimum features are selected using Linear Decreasing Inertia Weight-based Cat Swarm Optimization (LDIWCSO) algorithm, enhancing the accuracy of classification. The Cat Swarm Optimization (CSO) algorithm???s convergence is enhanced using inertia weight in the LDIWCSO algorithm. It is used to select the essential features using the best fitness function values. For a specified time across India, death and confirmed cases are predicted using the Half Binomial Distribution based Convolutional Neural Network (HBDCNN) technique based on selected features. As demonstrated by empirical observations, the proposed system produces significant performance in terms of f-measure, recall, precision, and accuracy.

14.
Veterinarski Zurnal Republike Srpske ; 21(1/2):94-106, 2021.
Article in English, Serbian | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1903815

ABSTRACT

Today, pets are the source of numerous infectious diseases that can be transmitted to humans, as a result of their increasingly frequent contact. The most important viruses with zoonotic potential include rabies and influenza viruses as well as rotaviruses and noroviruses. However, the importance of individual viruses varies depending on the climate and infectious disease control systems in certain countries. Dogs, cats, and other increasingly popular types of pets can transmit bacterial zoonotic agents to humans in various ways. In addition to known pathogens such as the bacteria causing leptospirosis, salmonellosis, campylobacteriosis, or brucellosis, the bacteria Pasteurella multocida and Bartonella henselae transmitted by bites or scratches are also significant in human pathology. There has been a significant increase in the prevalence of methicillin-resistant strains of Staphylococcus aureus in isolates originating from pets and the transmission of these strains between humans and animals requires special attention. Furthermore, fungi causing diseases such as sporotrichosis or dermatophytosis are linked to long-term and persistent infections in humans. The epidemiological situation caused by SARS-CoV-2, and the assumption of an interspecies jump of this virus from animals to humans, including its documented presence in domestic cats, dogs, tigers, and martens, have raised the question of the possibility of virus transmission from pets to humans. However, the current pandemic is caused exclusively by SARS-CoV-2 transmission in the human population, and these animals are not a source of infection for humans. A significant number of zoonoses originating from pets is a threat to public health, thus requiring the "One Health" approach through close cooperation between human and veterinary medicine to develop and implement effective health measures for both humans and animals. As part of responsible ownership, pet owners must be informed by veterinarians about measures to prevent infectious diseases and certain risks that are related to keeping certain species of animals.

15.
One Health ; 14: 100381, 2022 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1900052

ABSTRACT

Due to the zoonotic origin of SARS-Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the potential for its transmission from humans back to animals and the possibility that it might establish ongoing infection pathways in other animal species has been discussed. Cats are highly susceptible to SARS-CoV-2 and were shown experimentally to transmit the virus to other cats. Infection of cats has been widely reported. Domestic cats in COVID-19-positive households could therefore be a part of a human to animal to human transmission pathway. Here, we report the results of a qualitative risk assessment focusing on the potential of cat to human transmission in such settings. The assessment was based on evidence available by October 2021. After the introduction of SARS-CoV-2 to a household by a human, cats may become infected and infected cats may pose an additional infection risk for other members of the household. In order to assess this additional risk qualitatively, expert opinion was elicited within the framework of a modified Delphi procedure. The conclusion was that the additional risk of infection of an additional person in a household associated with keeping a domestic cat is very low to negligible, depending on the intensity of cat-to-human interactions. The separation of cats from humans suffering from SARS-CoV-2 infection should contribute to preventing further transmission.

16.
Infection ; 2022 Jun 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1889082

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: There is evidence that humans can transmit SARS-CoV-2 to cats and dogs. However, there is no evidence that they can transmit it back to humans or play any role in SARS-CoV-2 transmission. Here, we present an exploratory analysis on that matter. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study with participants with flu-like symptoms seeking care at a primary healthcare unit to be tested for COVID-19. They were asked if they owned pet cats and/or dogs in their residences, and this variable was evaluated as exposure. RESULTS: The odds ratio of "having dogs and/or cats in the residence" was 1.29 (95% CI 1.08-1.54) of "having only dogs and no cats" was 1.26 (1.05-1.52), and "no dogs and only cats" was 1.29 (0.95-1.75). CONCLUSION: Having a cat/dog in the house can affect the risk of infection by SARS-CoV-2.

17.
Consultant ; 62(4):8-10, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1884924
18.
Embase; 2022.
Preprint in English | EMBASE | ID: ppcovidwho-338229

ABSTRACT

The Omicron BA.2 variant has become a dominant infective strain worldwide. Receptor binding studies reveal that the Omicron BA.2 spike trimer have 11-fold and 2-fold higher potency to human ACE2 than the spike trimer from the wildtype (WT) and Omicron BA.1 strains. The structure of the BA.2 spike trimer complexed with human ACE2 reveals that all three receptor-binding domains (RBDs) in the spike trimer are in open conformation, ready for ACE2 binding, thus providing a basis for the increased infectivity of the BA.2 strain. JMB2002, a therapeutic antibody that was shown to have efficient inhibition of Omicron BA.1, also shows potent neutralization activities against Omicron BA.2. In addition, both BA.1 and BA.2 spike trimers are able to bind to mouse ACE2 with high potency. In contrast, the WT spike trimer binds well to cat ACE2 but not to mouse ACE2. The structures of both BA.1 and BA.2 spike trimer bound to mouse ACE2 reveal the basis for their high affinity interactions. Together, these results suggest a possible evolution pathway for Omicron BA.1 and BA.2 variants from human-cat-mouse-human circle, which could have important implications in establishing an effective strategy in combating viral infection.

19.
Viruses ; 14(6)2022 05 28.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1869823

ABSTRACT

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2), responsible for COVID-19 in people, has been detected in companion animals on rare occasions. A limited number of large-scale studies have investigated the exposure of companion animals to SARS-CoV-2. The objective of this prospective study was to estimate seroprevalence in privately owned dogs and cats presented in veterinary clinics in different French regions and to test the hypothesis that the occurrence of an episode of COVID-19 in the household and close contact with the owner would increase the chances of the animals being seropositive. One hundred and sixty-five dogs and 143 cats were blood-sampled between March 2020 and December 2021. Neutralizing SARS-CoV-2 antibodies were detected in 8.4% of cats (12/143) and 5.4% of dogs (9/165). Seven animals (three dogs and four cats) were seropositive in the absence of an episode of COVID-19 in the household. Despite not being statistically significant (chi-square test, p-value = 0.55), our data may suggest that the occurrence of an episode of COVID-19 in the household could increase the risk of animal seropositivity (odds ratio = 1.38; 95% confidence interval = 0.55-3.77). This survey indirectly shows that SARS-CoV-2 circulates in canine and feline populations, but its circulation appears to be too low for pets to act as a significant viral reservoir.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Cat Diseases , Dog Diseases , Animals , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/veterinary , Cat Diseases/epidemiology , Cats , Dog Diseases/epidemiology , Dogs , Factor Analysis, Statistical , Humans , Prospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Seroepidemiologic Studies
20.
Yeni Symposium ; 59(4):89-95, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1869994

ABSTRACT

Objective: The study aimed to examine the level of anxiety and domestic violence perceived by individuals during Covid-19 pandemic in the context of socio-demographic variables. Methods: A cross-sectional research methodology including participants from Turkey. The data was col-lected by using Demographic Information Form, Covid-19 Information Form and State-Anxiety Form which is part of the The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory throughout the process. In the analysis, ANOVA and independent sample t-test were applied as parametric tests;Kruskal Wallis and Mann – Whitney U were applied as non-parametric tests. In order to determine the relationship and dependencies of binary cat-egorical variables, chi-square analysis was performed. Results: 266 valid surveys were submitted. 58.6% (156) of the participants stated an increase in domestic violence and anger since the start of the social isolation period. In addition, anxiety levels of participants who stated that they have been exposed to verbal and emotional violence since the beginning of the social isolation period and those who noted an increase in violence and anger within their family are sta-tistically higher than other participants. Conclusion: In accordance with the result of analysis, the findings indicate that there has been an increase of verbal and emotional domestic violence. These findings show that there is a need for new policies and planning is required to prevent domestic violence are needed in addition to disease prevention measures.

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