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IEEE Sensors Journal ; 23(2):969-976, 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2244030


The recent SARS-COV-2 virus, also known as COVID-19, badly affected the world's healthcare system due to limited medical resources for a large number of infected human beings. Quarantine helps in breaking the spread of the virus for such communicable diseases. This work proposes a nonwearable/contactless system for human location and activity recognition using ubiquitous wireless signals. The proposed method utilizes the channel state information (CSI) of the wireless signals recorded through a low-cost device for estimating the location and activity of the person under quarantine. We propose to utilize a Siamese architecture with combined one-dimensional convolutional neural networks (1-D-CNNs) and bi-directional long short-term memory (Bi-LSTM) networks. The proposed method provides high accuracy for the joint task and is validated on two real-world testbeds, first, using the designed low-cost CSI recording hardware, and second, on a public dataset for joint activity and location estimation. The human activity recognition (HAR) results outperform state-of-the-art machine and deep learning methods, and localization results are comparable with the existing methods. © 2001-2012 IEEE.

Journal of Computational Design and Engineering ; 9(3):992-1006, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1868333


Due to COVID-19, people have to adapt to the new lifestyle until scientists develop a permanent solution for this pandemic. Monitoring the respiration rate is very important for a COVID-infected person because the Coronavirus infects the pulmonary system of the person. Two problems that arise while monitoring the breath rate are: sensors are contact based and expensive for mass deployment. A conventional wearable breath rate monitoring system burdens the COVID-affected patient and exposes the caregivers to possible transmission. A contactless low-cost breath monitoring system is required, which monitors and records the breath rate continuously. This paper proposes a breath rate monitoring system called COVID-Beat, a wireless, low-cost, and contactless Wi-Fi-based continuous breath monitoring system. This sensor is developed using off-the-shelf commonly available embedded Internet of Thing device ESP32, and the performance is validated by conducting extensive experimentation. The breath rate is estimated by extracting the channel state information of the subcarriers. The system estimates the breath rate with a maximum accuracy of 99% and a minimum accuracy of 91%, achieved by advanced subcarrier selection and fusion method. The experimental results show superior performance over the existing breath rate monitoring technologies.