Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 34
Filter
1.
Journal of Physical Education and Sport ; 22(6):1464-1470, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1934575

ABSTRACT

Professional soccer players should meet the physical demands and maintain the best possible performance throughout the season. Body mass composition including body water content has a significant impact on athletes' performance. The aim of this study was to evaluate the changes in body hydration of professional soccer players in all periods of the macro-cycle (preparation, starting, and transition periods) taking into account the position on the field. The study was conducted between January 7, 2021, and July 23, 2021. The participants of the study were players of two soccer sports clubs belonging to PKO BP Ekstraklasa 2020/2021. 38 professional soccer players were included in the study. Body mass composition was assessed using a DSM-BIA electrical bioimpedance analyzer (InBody 770, InBody USA, California, USA). Standards recommended by the manufacturer, InBody USA, and WHO were used to determine TBW [Lļ, ICW [Lļ, ECW [Lļ, and ECW/TBW. The obtained data were processed using Statistica v.13.3 software (Stat Soft Polska). A total of 228 body mass composition measurements were taken in 6 different measurements during the spring round of the 2020/2021 PKO BP Ekstraklasa season. Statistically significantly lower values of total body water, intracellular water, and extracellular water were found in midfielders. TBW content increased between 1 and 6 and 5 and 6 measurements (p<0.01). ICW content was found to increase between 1 and 2 and 1 and 4 measurements (p<0.0001) and ECW content decreased between 2 and 5 measurements (p<0.001). Statistically significant differences were found in the water content measurements of players in different positions. Significantly lower values were found for midfielders. The results of the study showed variation in water content in players playing different positions on the field. The study showed changes in the body hydration of soccer players during the macrocycle (preparatory, competitive, and transitional). No changes in body water content suggesting chronic dehydration of athletes were observed in individual periods of the macrocycle.

2.
JOURNAL OF ECONOMY CULTURE AND SOCIETY ; - (65):239-266, 2022.
Article in Turkish | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1912618

ABSTRACT

Precarious work is not limited to certain professions or market sectors but involves many fields of work. One such area is a professional sport that has become an economic field of work on a global scale. It has done so by becoming more professional since the 19805. In the Global Dialogue Forum titled Decent Work in the World of Sports organized in 2020, the International Labor Organization (ILO) highlighted the problems of precarious work in professional sports. it emphasized the necessity of regulations to be implemented in line with the solution of the problems. in this study, the author aimed to shed light on the regulations to be promulgated regarding the problems by demonstrating the problems of precarious working in professional sports determined by the ILO (2020) in Turkish Basketball Leagues from the perspective of basketball players employed by sports clubs. in this effort, the author employed a semi-structured interview technique, one of the data collection types of qualitative research method, with ten professional basketball players employed by sports clubs in Turkish Basketball Leagues and benefited from the audio and visual materials related to the problems provided by basketball players in the interviews. Findings were reached by interpreting and summarizing the data obtained through descriptive analysis. In this context, the precarious working problems of basketball players in Turkish Basketball Leagues have given rise to wage disparities, disability and incapacity issues, unregistered and uncompensated work, occupational health and safety problems, weekend vacation, psychological harassment, discrimination, physical violence, union representation, education, uncertainty about the future, and problems related to the Covid-19 process.

3.
International Journal of Wine Business Research ; 34(3):349-372, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1909116

ABSTRACT

Purpose>This study statistically examines the shifting distribution channels in the American wine industry based on the growth trajectory of sales, seasonality and disruption due to consumers switching to online platforms. The purpose of this paper is to design a model that will have general applicability beyond the wine industry.Design/methodology/approach>The research uses regression-based additive decomposition of time series data to predict the trajectory of the market share for the digital distribution channel. The study develops a statistical prediction model using time series data between 2007 and 2020, inclusive, sourced from US Annual Wine Reports and Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms databases.Findings>The results show an increasing trajectory of wine sales through the online distribution channel with predictable seasonality. The disruptive effects of consumer switching behavior point to a steady increase in sales due both to increasing demand and accelerating switching. Nevertheless, the model shows that bricks and mortar purchases will remain strong and continue to account for the bulk of wine sales. COVID-19 has caused a step function increase in online sales but this should moderate after the crisis subsides and can be tested further.Originality/value>This study is original in developing a model for an industry where bricks and mortar sales are growing and are expected to remain strong while there is still identifiable switching to online sales. The wine industry presents a classic case of accelerating switching behavior where there is still a strong franchise for in-store purchases. The model should have general applicability to distribution channels beyond the wine industry where steady growth, marked seasonality and disruptive consumer switching are in evidence.

4.
Globsyn Management Journal ; 15(1/2):276-284, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1904545

ABSTRACT

This paper highlights the effect of covid-19 & the lockdown on Fitness industry. As we know, corona virus pandemic, an unwanted guest that shook the world. A rare disaster resulted in loss of large number of human lives. Countries tried to contain the pandemic by implementing quarantines and social distancing but they failed to break the chain. Lockdown was imposed, locking roughly 3.9 billion lives at their respective shelters, resulted in paralyzing the economy, job loss, migrant worker crisis, and many other challenges were faced. The only thing people were thinking about is their survival, we saw demand of sanitizers, masks, Ayurvedic medicines and other necessary goods were skyrocket. Apart of these, physical fitness and mental health was too on high demand. Many reputed gym owners and fitness experts transformed their business to online platform. The fitness industry was transforming for their survival but many gym owners and other fitness houses struggled for their survival, the small gym owners which comprises of 30% in each district in India were closed for several months. As we know many fitness centers operate their business from rented properties, Post lockdown nearly 30% of fitness centers in national capital were shut due to lack of funds. The fitness centers which somehow managed to survive two lockdowns are now allowed to operate their businesses but with limited capacity and strict adherence to COVID protocol. So, this research paper will focus on the struggle, transformation, survival and growth opportunities in fitness industry. The change is need for survival and success of any business.

5.
The School Librarian ; 70(2):20-21, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1904415

ABSTRACT

Several school librarians offer their views regarding their job. One of Rebecca Campling's favorite parts of her job is the extracurricular clubs she gets to run. The children who come to these are always there by choice and so supply the richest and most creative ideas, conversation, and engagement. Eleanor Booth explains that libraries are much more than a room full of books. Libraries, including school libraries, are a lifeline for people in an array of circumstances;they are, by design, a space for everyone. For Sarah Smith, it feels like they are almost back to normal now and will soon be able to start putting the disruption caused by Covid-19 during the last two years behind them. Jaqueline Castro believes that events are one of the best ways to attract people to the library, to the books and to reading. Planning joyful events is something she has always enjoyed about being a school librarian.

6.
Independent Journal of Management & Production ; 13(4):S560-S568, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1903967

ABSTRACT

Public demand in recent decades for healthy lifestyles, improving its quality, and preservation of active longevity has found an echo in the form of the dynamic development of the global fitness industry. Our country is no exception, and since the 1990s, domestic fitness has made a rapid spurt from zero position: according to the national community of professional participants in the sport and fitness industry, fitness in Russia regularly engages up to 7 million people. The study's primary aim is to present the author's statement of possible scenarios for the development of the fitness industry, highlighting the factors that can transform consumer demands in the post-covid economy. The hypothesis is put forward that the competitiveness and economic stability of fitness clubs in the medium term will be determined by the level of customer retention rate and by increasing their loyalty, the effective formation of which is possible by stimulating through marketing communications a positive mental and emotional response in target audiences to the potential and actual satisfaction of specific primary biological needs through fitness services. To prove the hypothesis, the corresponding methodology of fitness club brand design based on the emotional approach of M. Lindstrom and K. Roberts was developed. Its verification and testing were carried out. The results obtained testify to the correctness of the author's statements and actualized the continuation of research in the field of emotional branding.

7.
Muhasebe ve Finansman Dergisi ; - (94):91-104, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1887618

ABSTRACT

Bu araştırmanın amacı, Avrupa’daki futbol kulüplerinin faaliyet, finansal ve toplam risk düzeylerini tespit etmektir. Ayrıca Covid-19 salgınının futbol kulüplerinin faaliyet, finansal ve toplam risk düzeylerine etkisi de incelenmiştir. Bu bağlamda Avrupa Futbol Federasyonları Birliği’ne bağlı 8 ulusal ligde yer alan 25 futbol kulübünün 2018-2020 yılları arasındaki faaliyet, finansal ve toplam kaldıraç dereceleri kaldıraç analiziyle hesaplanmıştır. Analiz neticesinde futbol kulüplerinin faaliyet kaldıraç derecelerinin finansal kaldıraç derecelerinden daha yüksek olduğu ve daha fazla dalgalanma gösterdiği saptanmıştır. Dolayısıyla futbol kulüplerinde toplam riskin çok önemli bir kısmının faaliyet riskinden meydana geldiği belirlenmiştir. Yine futbol kulüplerinde faaliyet kaldıracı ile toplam kaldıraç arasında yüksek bir pozitif korelasyon tespit edilmiştir. Ayrıca faaliyet, finansal ve toplam kaldıraç derecelerinin Covid-19 salgınının yoğun olarak yaşandığı 2020 yılında, önceki yıllara göre yükseldiği belirlenmiştir. Araştırmada son olarak gerçekleştirilen Wilcoxon işaretli sıra testi sonucunda faaliyet ve toplam kaldıraç dereceleri açısından salgın öncesi ve sonrası dönem bağlamında istatistiksel olarak anlamlı bir farklılık saptanmıştır.Alternate : The aim of this research is to determine the operational, financial and total risk levels of football clubs in Europe. In addition, the effect of the Covid-19 epidemic on the operational, financial and total risk levels of football clubs was also examined. In this context, the activity, financial and total leverage degrees of 25 football clubs in 8 national leagues affiliated to the Union of European Football Federations between 2018 and 2020 years were calculated by leverage analysis. As a result of the analysis, it has been determined that the operating leverage degrees of football clubs are higher than the financial leverage degrees and show more fluctuations. Therefore, it has been determined that a very important part of the total risk in football clubs consists of operational risk. Again, a high positive correlation was found between operating leverage and total leverage in football clubs. In addition, it was determined that the degrees of operational, financial and total leverage increased in 2020, when the Covid-19 epidemic was intense, compared to previous years. As a result of the Wilcoxon signed-rank test, which was performed lastly in the study, a statistically significant difference was found in terms of operational and total leverage degrees in the context of the pre- and post-epidemic period.

8.
Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics ; 96:1, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1860098

ABSTRACT

I study the influence of league match results of two German soccer clubs on their fans' prosocial behavior in the stadium. For this purpose, a unique donation scheme is analyzed that collects charitable donations in the form of returnable cups with volunteers' help (in addition to monetary donations). Using time-series analyses for matches from 2010 to 2020, the results suggest that home fans are willing to donate more to charity due to their club's positive match results (victories). The results also indicate that reference-dependent preferences play a role in home fans' willingness to donate. First, victories following a halftime draw lead to increased returnable cup donations. Second, the positive effects of wins are more likely to be explained by expected wins taking into account the team's quality or the betting odds as reference points.

9.
Eurasian Journal of Sport Sciences and Education ; 3(2):128-140, 2021.
Article in Turkish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1836668

ABSTRACT

The Covid-19 global pandemic has caused huge income losses in the football economy, where billions of people are involved as fans and consumers. During the pandemic period, the sports clubs that experienced a decrease in sponsorship revenues, broadcasting revenues, match revenues and advertising revenues experienced fluctuations and economic losses in BIST (Borsa Istanbul) shares. This study was carried out to reveal the economic losses experienced by the 4 big clubs in the Turkish Premier League, which opened their shares to the stock market. For this purpose, after the stock values of the clubs registered in the BIST were adjusted for inflation and their averages were taken, trend analysis was performed. With the trend analysis, the depreciation and trends in club stocks were tried to be revealed. As a result of the study, it was observed that the decisions taken in the sector during the pandemic period were reflected in the stocks as of dates. In the average of the stocks of the clubs, depreciation of up to 50% was calculated compared to the base year and the previous month. It is thought that the study will shed light on the football economy struggling with the pandemic.

10.
Facta Universitatis: Series Physical Education and Sport ; 19(3):257-269, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1836312

ABSTRACT

The goal of this paper is to provide a review of the transfer of rights to broadcasting sporting events as one source of financing sporting activities and clubs through comparative practice and current legal regulations. Sports and the law are deeply intertwined, primarily due to the fact that sports are exposed to various challenges, ranging from doping, prevention of violence at sports manifestations, all the way to competition regulations, managing sports organizations and business processes. In this paper, we will analyze the positive legal regulations that enable the realization of income based on the right to broadcast. Sources of financing are necessary for the conduct of sporting activities. The most successful clubs generate the biggest part of their revenue through leasing broadcasting rights for sporting events and marketing. Broadcasting sporting events not only enables generation of direct revenue, but also removes the shackles of previously existing spatial barriers and thus contributes to the popularity of sports, athletes and their clubs. Occurrences such as the coronavirus pandemic have led to the organization of sporting events in controlled conditions, without the presence of an audience or with numerous limitations and restrictions. In such situations, numerous institutions have offered interactive forms of communication with the consumers (online museum tours, concerts, etc.), thus not only minimizing losses, but also maintaining contact with the audience. This situation has proven the significance of digital communication with the consumers. Even though the year 2020 went by without the previously planned Olympics and, in most cases, without sports fans in the stands, the sporting industry recorded a jump (from 388.28 billion dollars in 2020 to 440.77 billion of dollars in 2021). The growth in earnings was achieved predominantly due to the increase in media revenues.

11.
Journal of Library & Information Services in Distance Learning ; : 1-13, 2022.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-1830421

ABSTRACT

This article presents the University of South Florida’s Virtual Book Club, created and continually improved during a time of social isolation (COVID-19 pandemic). Implementation steps taken are discussed, presenting practical considerations to others who may wish to replicate this program. Additionally, this article explores findings from a program evaluation survey. Through engagement with the club, students reported enhanced feelings of connection, as well as improved learning outcomes. Authors posit that meaningful cross-campus collaboration can lead to positive community outreach, facilitate deep engagement, and build community regardless of distance. [ FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Journal of Library & Information Services in Distance Learning is the property of Taylor & Francis Ltd and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

12.
Sustainability ; 13(6):3438, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1792489

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has generated an uncertain and changing context that has greatly affected the development and sustainability of all sports organizations. In this hostile context, adaptation of the business model (BMA) can be a strategic alternative for sports clubs. A change in value proposition, change in target market, and change in value delivery are some of the aspects considered in this study in relation to the social performance variable. It is well-known that sports clubs have a marked social function, therefore analyzing their social cause performance is of great importance in modern society. However, there are still few studies that have analyzed BMA in relation to this type of variable in sports clubs. Therefore, the objectives of this study were to find out what perceptions of the environment can influence the BMA, and to investigate what influence the BMA has on the social performance of this type of entity. To this end, 145 Spanish sports clubs were analyzed during a period of limitations and restrictions arising from COVID-19. The results show that there are differences in BMA according to the perceived impact of the crisis and the perception of risk. In addition, BMA predicts the social performance of sports clubs, and this study provides new information for academics and professionals. Practical implications and management proposals were developed based on the results, and conclusions drawn.

13.
Sustainability ; 14(7):4253, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1785947

ABSTRACT

We determined the effects of perseverance and personal effort costs on durable benefits and leisure identity at various levels of serious leisure. The subjects of the study were participants in badminton clubs in Korea. In Korea, badminton has more players than any other club sport. A total of 204 responses were analyzed using SPSS 22.0. The analysis included confirmatory factor analysis, reliability analysis, k-means cluster analysis, and multiple regression analysis. Subjects were categorized according to three levels of participation in serious leisure: Core Devotee, Moderate Devotee, or Participant. Analyzing the effects of perseverance and personal effort on durable benefits and leisure identity for each level of serious leisure indicated that individual effort had a statistically significant effect in the Core Devotee group and perseverance had a significant effect in the Participant group. However, neither factor had a significant effect in the Moderate Devotee group. This study demonstrated that the effects of cost on badminton participants vary by serious leisure level. Our results are meaningful in that they suggest that different leisure-promotion factors are needed for each level of serious leisure. This study provides a foundation for follow-up studies on leisure costs.

14.
Managing Sport and Leisure ; 27(1/2):162-165, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1769093

ABSTRACT

The Covid-19 pandemic has had huge ramifications on professional football. This commentary focuses on the impact of the pandemic on the mental health of professional footballers. Specifically, footballers within the English Premier League, English Football League, FA Women's Super League and FA Women's Championship. This commentary considers a holistic approach to mental health, the environment of professional football, and the impact of career transitions and critical moments on mental health. The intention is to stimulate discussion and further research of mental health and wellbeing within professional football. This paper considers the impact of Covid-19 and makes recommendations for professional football clubs to develop a holistic mental health strategy. We recommend that professional clubs increase the level of emotional support for professional footballers, and that this should not be a temporary measure due to the pandemic. Clubs should develop a long-term strategy to encourage players to seek emotional support.

15.
Managing Sport and Leisure ; 27(1/2):93-101, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1769092

ABSTRACT

This commentary considers the impacts of COVID-19 on sport governance and management, given the global threat to sport services and organizations evident as a result of the disease since early 2020. To frame this analysis of the impacts and lessons to be learned, the researchers use a Critical Realist (CR) perspective, which takes a multi-level view of reality and seeks to establish how and why something occurs in reality [Byers, T. (2013). Using critical realism: A new perspective on control of volunteers in sport clubs. European Sport Management Quarterly, 13(1), 5-31. https://doi.org/10.1080/16184742.2012.744765]. While the existing commentaries and emerging research on COVID19 have focused on a superficial level of reality (i.e. what stakeholder responses have been), a CR view encourages a more holistic account of what and why something happens. Specifically, this commentary contributes to the discussion of COVID-19 impacts focusing on sport governance, using a philosophy that encourages examination of what is happening in sport organizations, how different stakeholder's perspectives and assessment of the legitimacy of COVID-19 may reveal underlying social structures and biases that help explain sport administrator's responses and value systems. The researchers hope this novel perspective on sport governance encourages readers to think of new ways of organizing and governing that is more inclusive of diversity (e.g. race, gender, disability) in sport.

16.
Managing Sport and Leisure ; 27(1/2):102-112, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1769088

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 has sent a shockwave into society and sport. As result of this, sport and football resuming without spectators - fans or supporters, has brought a number of financial issues that has threatened the sustainability and future of many clubs. This commentary unpicks what has happened and some of the tensions, decision-making and consequences surrounding the return of spectators. The commentary presents the case that spectators are key to the survival of football clubs and that the United Kingdom Government must reverse their decision to not let spectators return. Now more than ever, these words hold substance, meaning and truly matter to clubs and their networked communities, "Football without fans is nothing".

17.
European Sport Management Quarterly ; 21(3):350-373, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1769044

ABSTRACT

Research question: In this short article, the researchers explore whether highly diversified professional football clubs, from an investor perspective, are better prepared for an unpredictable global crisis such as the COVID-19 pandemic than undiversified clubs. Research methods: The researchers apply event study methodology to analyze stock returns of football clubs during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic.

18.
Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Sociologica ; - (78):5, 2021.
Article in Polish | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1754091

ABSTRACT

Od marca 2020 roku wiele elementów życia społecznego i gospodarczego na skutek pandemii koronawirusa uległo znacznym przeobrażeniom, co nie ominęło również ekonomii społecznej i solidarnej. W związku z tym w poszczególnych podmiotach ekonomii społecznej podejmowano liczne czynności osłaniające i wspierające uczestników działań integracyjnych i aktywizujących. Głównym celem tych przedsięwzięć było utrzymanie aktywności oraz motywacji do pracy uczestników zajęć w centrach i klubach integracji społecznej, zakładach aktywności zawodowej, warsztatach terapii zajęciowej.Alternate :From March the year 2020 many elements of the social and economic life in consequence of coronavirus pandemic surrendered to considerable transformations, what didn't avoid either the sphere of the social economics and solidary. Thereby government and social economics enterprises undertook numerous activities protecting and supporting participants of activities integrative and activating. A main objective of these activities was the maintenance of the activity and the justification of participants of occupations in centres and clubs of the social integration, works of the professional activity, workshops of the occupation therapy.

19.
Healthcare (Basel) ; 10(2)2022 Feb 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1745067

ABSTRACT

Physical activity and sports are a central part of individuals' lives throughout the life cycle. During adolescence, its regular practice may contribute to the development of healthy adult lifestyles, decreasing chronic disease incidence. Therefore, the reasons that drive adolescents to start practicing sports in a certain club may be multiple and understanding such causes can be important to design and implement public policies to promote active lifestyles for everyone. In this article, we report the core findings of a research on why young athletes do sports, how they choose their team-training club and how COVID-19 has had an impact on their routines. From a methodological viewpoint, a questionnaire was developed and sent to sport clubs located in NUTS2 Centro Region, Portugal, and results were analyzed through the use of geographic information systems and statistical analysis, namely association tests (Chi-square test), difference tests (Mann-Whitney test and Kruskal-Wallis test), logistic regression and descriptive analysis. Findings show that family, age group, friends, proximity to sports facilities, teammates, and club conditions are the factors that influence adolescents the most. In short, external factors have a significant preponderance to practice physical activity and choose a sports' club. These findings can provide useful insights for clubs, coaches and policy-makers to become more aware of the relationship between sports practice and accessibility to sports halls, as well as the athletes' behavior and their connection with the club and basketball practice. As such, these findings can motivate the design of initiatives and strategies to boost sports practice and to find ways for clubs to attract more adolescents.

20.
European Research Studies ; 25(1):713-719, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1743936

ABSTRACT

Purpose: The aim of this article is to analyze the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the fitness club industry in Poland. In the article, the author focused on his own observation with particular emphasis on the factors influencing the demand and supply of the fitness club industry in Poland. The study can be helpful in the event of other crises or the adaptation of the fitness club industry to the new post-pandemic reality. Design/methodology/approach: Identification of key success factors in post-pandemic reality. On their basis, forecasts for the fitness club industry in Poland were made. Identifying the impact of COVID-19 on the demand and supply sides. Presentation of the forecast for COVID-19 fitness clubs. Findings: The subject of the dissertation is located in a relatively new trend in sports management in Poland. There is still a lack of research on how to manage fitness clubs in Poland, especially in the new post-pandemic reality. The article presents the author's usefulness of the key features of the types offitness clubs in Poland. Practical Implications: The results of the study fill the research gap of the current literature on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the fitness club industry in Poland. Originality/Value: The research presented in the article enriches the current literature on the fitness club industry in Poland. By using the author's observations and analyzing reports on the impact of COVID-19 on the fitness club industries in Poland identifies the effect of COVID-19 on the demand and supply sides.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL