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1.
International Journal of Web Engineering and Technology ; 18(1):62-79, 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-20239081

ABSTRACT

This paper examines how telework frequency has affected the usage of major communication media, and subsequently knowledge sharing, among a large sample of full-time Japanese employees with no prior telework experience during the country's fourth COVID-19 state of emergency. Results suggest that mandatory telework resulted in lower use of face-to-face meetings and phone calls;in higher use of instant messaging and virtual meetings, and that it had no effect on e-mail use. Moreover, phone call, instant messaging, and virtual meeting frequencies were found to mediate the relationship between telework frequency and knowledge sharing. These findings highlight the importance of both existing and newer communication media in offsetting the loss of face-to-face meeting opportunities. Government-mandated telework may have accelerated the adoption of new communication tools such as instant messaging and virtual meeting, which had not yet gained full acceptance before the pandemic.

2.
Knowledge Management Research & Practice ; : 1-17, 2023.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2327479

ABSTRACT

This conceptual paper examines voluntary versus mandatory cloud-based training, generating recommendations to harmonise the complementarity of face-to-face and online media in future careers. Technological change was already accelerating when the COVID-19 pandemic response turbocharged transformations of knowledge dissemination in training, thus impacting learning and competency development for the future. The methodology applies comprehensive, structured literature review following PRISMA guidelines with development of a novel conceptual framework illuminating facets of knowledge dissemination. Exploring the context of workplace training and the future of careers with aid of NVivo it was found that altered social cues in cloud training are generating changes in learner attention span, engagement, and peer-to-peer interaction, potentially increasing contract cheating. It is hence recommended that stakeholders demarcate theoretical and practical learning outcomes to develop hybrid cloud media and face-to-face knowledge dissemination to accentuate professional accreditation requirements, engagement and etiquette in virtual spaces, and improve understanding of work-home balance.

3.
2023 International Conference on Computing, Networking and Communications, ICNC 2023 ; : 463-467, 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2298957

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 pandemic has been impacting people's everyday life for more than two years. With the fast spreading of online communication and social media platforms, the number of fake news related to COVID-19 is in a rapid growth and propagates misleading information to the public. To tackle this challenge and stop the spreading of fake news, this project proposes to build an online software detector specifically for COVID-19 news to classify whether the news is trustworthy. Specifically, as it is difficult to train a generic model for all domains, a base model is developed and fine-tuned to adapt the specific domain context. In addition, a data collection mechanism is developed to get latest COVID-19 news data and to keep the model fresh. We then conducted performance comparisons among different models using traditional machine learning techniques, ensemble machine learning, and the state-of-the-art deep learning mechanism. The most effective model is deployed to our online website for COVID-19 related fake news detection. © 2023 IEEE.

4.
Ibersid-Revista De Sistemas De Informacion Y Documentacion ; 16(2):21-32, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2218846

ABSTRACT

The functional diversity in Extremadura is researched by comparing the problem in the media with the norma-tive activity. It also delves into its relationship with in-formation units. The objective is to discover whether the official regulations accompany the social problems reflected in the media. To do this, we investigated the news about functional diversity published in the DOE (Official Gazette of Extremadura), as a normative me-dium, and in the HOY newspaper of Extremadura, as a global communication medium, to see their differences regarding geographical area, terminology and typol-ogy, topics, temporal evolution, and relationship with the information units;and, finally, we delve into this last aspect. The research was carried out during 2020, co-inciding with the crucial period of the health pandemic caused by COVID19, which was a handicap for all citi-zens and, especially, for people with disabilities. Among the general results, a volume of news about functional diversity is obtained, very much in favour of HOY (1344 news) to the detriment of the DOE (29 news). A slight opening towards the outside is also ob-tained, a slight use of the term "functional diversity " and a greater thematic diversity in the HOY newspaper. As for the information units, there is a very low percentage of news (40, all in the HOY, 2.91%), the most frequently mentioned information units are libraries (70%) and the most recurrent theme is "Employment " (42.5%). It con-cludes with a lack of accompaniment on disability be-tween the political regulations and the social problems reflected in the media. It also concludes with the need for greater involvement and visibility in the media of the role played by information units in relation to helping the most vulnerable groups.

5.
Environ Health Prev Med ; 28: 10, 2023.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2224354

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Before the COVID-19 vaccine became available, many Japanese people were undecided about whether or not to receive them. Their decisions were keys to achieving herd immunity. The impact of the type of information source on the COVID-19 vaccine uptake decision-making process remains unclear. We aimed to investigate the association between information source usage on COVID-19 and subsequent vaccine uptake status among those who have yet to decide whether to receive vaccines from non-prioritized people for vaccination. METHODS: Prospective cohort online self-administered surveys were conducted in February 2021 (T1), before the start of the mass vaccination program, and September-October 2021 (T2), when the vaccines were available to all citizens. The survey's target population was registered monitors of an Internet research company. Participants who answered "I want to get vaccinated after waiting to see how it goes." at T1 were eligible for analysis. The outcome variable was the COVID-19 vaccine uptake status in T2, and the predictors were 20 types of information sources, categorized based on people (family members, etc.), institutions (governments, etc.), or media (TV news, etc.). Adjusted odds ratio and 95% confidence intervals were estimated using logistic regression adjusted for possible confounders. RESULTS: The 5,139 respondents, mean age and standard deviation was 42.8 ± 12.5, 55.7% female, were eligible for analysis. 85.7% completed vaccination (including reserved/intended people) in T2. In the multivariate logistic analysis, odds ratios (95% confidence interval) for vaccine uptake were 1.49 (1.18-1.89) for workplaces/schools, 1.81 (1.33-2.47) for LINE, 0.69 (0.55-0.86) for Internet news and 0.62 (0.48-0.82) for video sharing sites. CONCLUSIONS: The type of information source usage played an important role in the decision to vaccinate against COVID-19. Although caution is needed in interpreting the results, obtaining information from workplaces/schools and LINE was influential in promoting immunization.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Information Sources , Humans , Female , Male , COVID-19 Vaccines , Prospective Studies , Intention , Japan , COVID-19/prevention & control , Vaccination
6.
Revista San Gregorio ; - (51):49-61, 2022.
Article in Spanish | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2121130

ABSTRACT

Incidental consumption of news is accidentally finding information of an informative nature according to browsing habits, this being an increasingly common practice, mainly among young people. The objective of this research work is to analyze the news consumption on the Internet in the students of the Universidad Laica Eloy Alfaro de Manabi, during the Covid-19 pandemic. For this, the bibliographic and analytical method was used, through the application of an online survey to 378 students of the Uleam of the city of Manta, during the months of August and September 2021. With the results collected, it was possible to determine that most of the respondents carry out an incidental consumption of news, a practice that they carry out with low levels of participation. Additionally, the media become the main source to contrast information when users have doubts about its veracity, so it is concluded that it is essential to maintain quality criteria in journalistic companies to effectively assume this role.

7.
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral ; 38(3), 2022.
Article in Spanish | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2046035

ABSTRACT

Introduction: In information search and processing, as well as in coping with COVID-19, communication media and the criteria about the disease are determinant. Objective: To identify the communication media used to obtain information about the pandemic and the criteria related to coping with it. Methods: A descriptive research was carried out in May 2020 with young people and adults belonging to a family medical office in Güines Municipality, Mayabeque Province, Cuba. The methods used to obtain information were participant observation, survey and focus groups. Results: The main communication media through which the youth group obtained information was the Internet, while the adults did so mainly through television. The young mostly considered COVID-19 to be moderately dangerous and that they are not very susceptible to infection with it. The adults considered it very dangerous and contagious. The measure they believed to be most effective was wearing a face mask. Only a minority of the young assessed the effectiveness of physical distancing. Most of the individuals were found not to respect the rules of physical distancing and, although wearing a face mask is mandatory, several young people did it incorrectly. The main responsibility for avoiding contagion was attributed to government authorities. Conclusions: Communication media play a crucial role in obtaining information about COVID-19;the use of television prevails and the young clearly consider the disease not very dangerous, unlike adults, who feel more threatened and assume individual responsibility. © 2022, Editorial Ciencias Medicas. All rights reserved.

8.
16th International Conference on Knowledge Management in Organisations, KMO 2022 ; 1593 CCIS:3-15, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1971400

ABSTRACT

Covid-19 has forced millions of office workers to telework without proper training or job redesign. This paper investigates how telework frequency has affected the use of communication media, and subsequently knowledge sharing. A large sample of full-time Japanese employees with no prior telework experience is examined using mediation analysis. Results suggest that telework resulted in a lower use of face-to-face meetings and phone calls, and in a higher use of chat and virtual meetings, and had no effect on email use. Moreover, phone call, chat, and virtual meeting frequencies were found to mediate the relationship between telework frequency and knowledge sharing. These findings highlight the importance of both existing and newer communication media in offsetting the loss of face-to-face meeting opportunities, and show that companies have found ways to achieve effective knowledge sharing during mandatory telework. Firms should therefore invest in tools and training to speed up the adoption of instant messaging and virtual meeting solutions. © 2022, Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

9.
Journal of Indian Association of Public Health Dentistry ; 20(1):49-53, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1822524

ABSTRACT

Aim and Objectives: The present study assessed the perceived barriers as well as the preferences of the students toward the mode of education in the current scenario. Material and Methods: The study investigators developed a self-administered questionnaire using Google Forms (R) (Google LLC, Mountain View, CA) and were E-mailed to their respective E-mail ids and were informed telephonically about the survey. This survey was done among the BDS students of public health-care sector dental colleges in Delhi and the final data included 440 BDS dental students. Chi-square test was used to assess the association of the various factors among BDS students. Results: Higher response was obtained for Classroom Teaching for the 1st year students (65.6%) and Online Teaching for final year students (37.3%). The preference for online teaching over classroom teaching and understanding for the subject with your online classes was significantly better among final-year students (61.3%). The most common barrier experienced by the students was Network issue/poor range (52.5%) followed by understanding (17.0%) and excessive number of classes/Too long classes (10.2%). Conclusion: The present study showed that the 1st year dental students who just passed from the school had difficulty adapting to the Education via communication media. While the final year students were in a better position for adapting to the new system of learning.

10.
Journal of Destination Marketing and Management ; 23, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1702695

ABSTRACT

The outbreak of COVID-19 has boosted the significance of social media for tourism destinations. Therefore, this study investigates how and to what extent the pandemic has changed tourism destination communication on social media and consumers' social media engagement. Using data collected from 1136 Facebook posts by 85 Austrian tourism destinations, the authors compared three different phases of the COVID-19 pandemic (i.e. pre-COVID, lockdown, post-lockdown). Results show that 1) the use of linguistic text features of social media content has changed (i.e. more expressions of uncertainty, confidence, emotionality, more first-person storytellers, greater text length, and less specificity);2) consumers’ social media engagement, measured as likes, shares, and comments, has increased;and 3) textual features explain changes in social media engagement rates only to a limited degree. Based on these findings, the study provides recommendations for destinations on how to design effective social media content during crises. © 2022 Elsevier Ltd

11.
Informacios Tarsadalom ; 12(4):67-85, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1701229

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the influence of mass media and interpersonal communication channels in the adoption of preventive measures against the Covid-19 pandemic (coronavirus). The study hypothesises that higher exposure to media content increases interpersonal communication and increased interpersonal communication is positively associated with the adoption of preventive behaviour. To test this hypothesis, this study used a quantitative research technique employing a survey method. The results, when assessed through Pearson correlation, elaborated that there was a stronger association between media exposure and increased interpersonal communication and the adoption level of Covid prevention measures. The result of the thematic analysis revealed that interpersonal communication was an important contributor towards changing behaviour. Hence, the two-step flow of communication showed strong support for accepting the role of interpersonal communication alongside the mass media. This study findings provide insights to communicators and planners for devising different communication strategies for combating the pandemic.

12.
Australas J Ageing ; 41(3): e227-e239, 2022 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1679906

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in reducing social isolation in older people and draw recommendations from previous literature appropriate for informing ICT use in future mandated periods of isolation. METHODS: A systematically conducted review of key databases to identify studies investigating ICT interventions that targeted social isolation or loneliness among older people. RESULTS: Fifteen articles were identified. All articles used ICT as an intervention for targeting social isolation with varying results. Most studies reported positive impacts on social isolation, but this was identified more in self-reporting compared to changes in baseline measures. The types of ICT used included videoconferencing, Internet-based applications and purpose-designed applications. A number of factors were also identified throughout the studies that impacted uptake that should be considered when implementing ICT. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, we found evidence of ICT improving social connectedness of older people to some extent although more rigorous research in future is needed. Recommendations from previous literature highlight the importance of including older people in purposeful design, engaging families and support networks, and providing ongoing ICT training and support so that systems and skills are in place for future periods of mandated isolation. The literature also warns us not to rely on ICT as the only avenue for social interaction either during or outside periods of social distancing.


Subject(s)
Loneliness , Social Isolation , Aged , Communication , Humans , Information Technology , Technology
13.
Cir Cir ; 89(6): 836-843, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1547931

ABSTRACT

In this review, we described the history of vaccination, the different types of vaccines, and how vaccination coverage has been affected by the current COVID-19 pandemic. The effectiveness of the vaccines under metabolic host conditions is analyzed, especially when people have lost their immunocompetence, such as in patients with chronic kidney disease who are in dialysis treatment. Vaccines are produced in a variety of industrial methods, modifying costs. The novel field of vaccinomics includes the set of immune responses, the satisfactory levels of neutralizing antibodies, the production of metabolites, and the induction of protein expression. Finally, an analysis is made of the confusing messages regarding vaccination that are disseminated on social networks, and general recommendations are given.


En esta revisión se describen el historial de vacunación, los diferentes tipos de vacunas y cómo la cobertura de vacunación se ha visto afectada por la pandemia actual de COVID-19. Se analiza la efectividad de las vacunas en condiciones metabólicas del huésped, especialmente cuando las personas han perdido su inmunocompetencia, como los pacientes con enfermedad renal crónica que están en tratamiento de diálisis. Las vacunas se producen con una variedad de métodos industriales, modificando los costos. El nuevo campo de la vacunómica incluye el conjunto de respuestas inmunitarias, los niveles satisfactorios de anticuerpos neutralizantes, la producción de metabolitos y la inducción de la expresión de proteínas. Finalmente, se analizan los confusos mensajes sobre vacunación que se difunden en las redes sociales y se dan recomendaciones generales.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Vaccines , Humans , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Vaccination
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