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1.
Cogent Engineering ; JOUR(1), 9.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2107223

ABSTRACT

The design and deployment of a conventional water treatment experiment, the Jar Test, are presented in a virtual format. It used a low-cost online platform to reproduce the experimental steps and the actual lab setting to empower students with experiential skills. Skills like experimentation, instrumentation, learning from failure, and communication for their professional success. These skills are evaluated in the accreditation criteria for engineering programs of the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology. This virtual experience provided one-hundred and sixty-three civil engineering students with the knowledge to perform experimentation at an engineering level, from water sampling campaigns to performing the Jar Test experiment and measuring physicochemical quantities to draw technical conclusions. According to students' perceptions, the simulation strengthened their capacity for conducting experiments and data collection-processing using virtualized lab instruments. It also consolidated theoretical knowledge to report conclusions according to research findings and enhanced their confidence to perform in-person experiments based on the revised virtual procedure. The results from this study demonstrate that virtual tools could be deployed as a powerful supplement to deliver the practical syllabus when limitations of face-to-face interaction occur. It can also be a blended educational approach since the computer-assisted simulation provides the necessary pre-knowledge that maximizes learning during in-person experimentation.

2.
Communication Education ; JOUR: 1-21,
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-2106882

ABSTRACT

This study sought to gain insight into how faculty in other disciplines perceive communication skills as well as to conduct a needs analysis that can help us to develop resources to support faculty who are integrating communication assignments into their disciplinary courses. Survey data were collected from 232 faculty at three large, public universities, and qualitative follow-up interviews were conducted with 12 faculty across institutions and disciplines. Results showed that there is wide variation in the complexity with which our colleagues define communication. Group and interaction skills were among the most valued communication skills, along with a variety of presentation skills. While explanatory and argumentation skills were highly valued, they are also areas where growth is needed. Online and mediated communication skills were rated as least important in the survey that was completed prior to COVID-19, but were discussed as an emerging need in the interviews conducted during the pandemic. [ FROM AUTHOR]

3.
Journal of Applied Communication Research ; JOUR: 1-18,
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2106801

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic amplified inequities around parent-scholars in the neoliberal gig academy. This paper documents the stories and intersectional struggles of four precarious parent-scholars as they navigated doctoral work, dissertation defenses, research, remote teaching, and family life during the pandemic. We illustrate how we navigated our neoliberal subjectivities and the extending multifold crises around the division of labor between academic work and parenting, gender roles, and internalized pressures exacerbated by a public postsecondary education system that exploits increasingly precarious workforces. Through critical collaborative autoethnography, we reflect on our parenting and teaching from March 2020 to August 2021. Drawing from our collective findings we summarize three mutually interdependent areas of communicative intervention that can make our workplace more equitable, entailing self-reflection, negotiation of labor, and collaborative dialogue.

4.
Information Processing & Management ; JOUR(1):103163, 60.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-2105149

ABSTRACT

Guided by three major theoretical frameworks, this meta-analysis synthesizes 17 empirical studies (15 articles with 18,297 participants, 13 of them are from non-representative samples) and quantifies the effect sizes of a list of antecedents (e.g., cognitive, affective, and social factors) on information avoidance during the COVID-19 context. Findings indicated that information-related factors including channel belief (r = -0.35, p < .01) and information overload (r = 0.23, p < .01) are more important in determining individual's avoidance behaviors toward COVID-19 information. Factors from the psychosocial aspects, however, had low correlations with information avoidance. While informational subjective norms released a negative correlation (r = -0.16, p < .1) which was approaching significant, positive and negative risk responses were not associated with information avoidance. Moderator analysis further revealed that the impacts of several antecedents varied for people with different demographic characteristics (i.e., age, gender, region of origin), and under certain sampling methods. Theoretically, this meta-analysis may help determine the most dominant factors from a larger landscape, thus providing valuable directions to refine frameworks and approaches in health information behaviors. Findings from moderator analysis have also practically inspired certain audience segmentation strategies to tackle occurrence of information avoidance during the COVID-19 pandemic.

5.
Nature ; 611(7934): 192-193, 2022 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2106382
6.
Econ Hum Biol ; 47: 101194, 2022 Oct 25.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2104832

ABSTRACT

We study the role of education during the COVID-19 epidemic in Italy. We compare excess mortality in 2020 and 2021 compared to the pre-pandemic mortality between municipalities with different shares of educated residents. We find that education initially played a strong protective role, which however quickly faded out. After pondering several alternative explanations, we tentatively interpret this finding as the outcome of the interplay between education, information and public health communication, whose availability and coherence varied along the epidemic.

7.
RETOS Neuvas Tendencias en Educacion Fisica, Deporte y Recreacion ; JOUR:996-1003, 46.
Article in Spanish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2101060

ABSTRACT

The arrival of Covid-19 has changed the communication strategies of all organizations. The Spanish sports federations are not immune to this fact and have had to adapt their communication policies to the new social needs. To achieve this, they have opted for online technologies and temporarily stopped using other traditional tools in the field of communication, such as public events. This article aims to reflect on the use that these institutions have made of the corporate web and social networks during the outbreak of the pandemic. To address this issue, a survey has been carried out among the communication directors of the sports federations collected by the Higher Sports Council (CSD) and an analysis of their websites has been made. It has been verified that 100% of the institutions analyzed have a corporate website and the vast majority bet on the use of social networks, mainly Facebook, Twitter and YouTube. Communication officials say that these tools have taken on greater weight in the mix of communication with the health crisis. On the other hand, the research reveals that, in just a decade, the Federations that use RRSS have gone from 39% to 97%, which shows the commitment to these communication tools.

8.
RETOS Neuvas Tendencias en Educacion Fisica, Deporte y Recreacion ; JOUR:43-52, 46.
Article in Spanish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2101056

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 health crisis has challenged teachers to use Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), with the consequent impact on the attitude towards these media. Present study identify and describes the factors associated with the attitude of Physical Education teachers towards the integration of ICT in the COVID-19 context. The study is qualitative with an exploratory and descriptive intention. 27 cases are studied through documentary analysis and in-depth interviews. 17 factors that influence the attitude of Physical Education teachers towards the integration of ICT during the health crisis are identified, five of which were not found in the reference literature. The attitude towards ICT has been strongly conditioned by a high professional and personal commitment of teachers, which led to the adoption of tools, the adoption and adaptation of methods and practices more supported by ICT. The great challenge for educational institutions points to the development of strategies focused on overcoming the barriers associated with the factors analyzed.

9.
Estudios De Historia De Espana ; JOUR(1):78-94, 24.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2101048

ABSTRACT

On July 16, 2020, the most relevant Spanish authorities gather in the Armory Square of the Royal Palace to pay a solemn tribute to the thousands of victims that the COVID-19 pandemic had occurred in Spain. This is the first non-denominational State tribute held in the country after the restoration of democracy in 1978. Within a context of social instability caused by the pandemic and with the first coalition government of left-wing parties since the Second Republic, there is a reactualization of the ritual with the celebration of this State tribute to the victims of COVID. This essay-style study aims to delve into the concept of political ritual, the possibility of creating new rites and its role in modern democracies. In addition, it investigates in depth the official funerals that have occurred in Spain since the approval of the current Constitution, their common features and their particularities. The aim of this article is to highlight the importance of this type of official act to bring society together, legitimize State institutions and influence through political discourse.

10.
Artseduca ; JOUR(33): 97-108,
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2100312

ABSTRACT

The study examines the features of the distance learning system of the university in the field of choreography training. The purpose of the study is to analyze the Kazakhstan experience of organizing distance learning in higher education in the field of choreography training. As an example, the experience of the [BLINDED] in the distance learning process has been analyzed and practical recommendations on teaching professional disciplines in this field of training have been given. To analyze distance learning, surveys among teachers and students have been conducted. In addition, based on international scientific literature, dance lessons have been analyzed in accordance with COVID-19 restrictions. The disadvantages and advantages of the online learning system for students have been identified based on a questionnaire. The survey involved teachers and students of ballet pedagogy, choreography pedagogy, choreography directing, ballroom dance pedagogy, as well as undergraduate, graduate, and doctoral students. A total of 20 teachers and 75 students have been interviewed, and the effectiveness of the platforms used in distance learning has been determined. On the basis of available research, the opinion that in the field of choreography pedagogical skills of rising professionals and performers cannot be formed exclusively through distance learning has been substantiated.

11.
Sensors (Basel) ; 22(21)2022 Nov 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2099738

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic impacted collaborative activities, travel, and physical contact, increasing the demand for real-time interactions with remote environments. However, the existing remote communication solutions provide limited interactions and do not convey a high sense of presence within a remote environment. Therefore, we propose a snake-shaped wearable telexistence robot, called Piton, that can be remotely used for a variety of collaborative applications. To the best of our knowledge, Piton is the first snake-shaped wearable telexistence robot. We explain the implementation of Piton, its control architecture, and discuss how Piton can be deployed in a variety of contexts. We implemented three control methods to control Piton: HM-using a head-mounted display (HMD), HH-using an HMD and hand-held tracker, and FM-using an HMD and a foot-mounted tracker. We conducted a user study to investigate the applicability of the proposed control methods for telexistence, focusing on body ownership (Alpha IVBO), mental and physical load (NASA-TLX), motion sickness (VRSQ), and a questionnaire to measure user impressions. The results show that both the HM and HH provide relevantly high levels of body ownership, had high perceived accuracy, and were highly favored, whereas the FM control method yielded the lowest body ownership effect and was least favored. We discuss the results and highlight the advantages and shortcomings of the control methods with respect to various potential application contexts. Based on our design and evaluation of Piton, we extracted a number of insights and future research directions to deepen our investigation and realization of wearable telexistence robots.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Robotics , Wearable Electronic Devices , Humans , Pandemics
12.
Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med ; 28(1): 80, 2020 Aug 14.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2098373

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Rapid access to emergency medical communication centers (EMCCs) is pivotal to address potentially life-threatening conditions. Maintaining public access to EMCCs without delay is crucial in case of disease outbreak despite the significant increased activity and the difficulties to mobilize extra staff resources. The aim of our study was to assess the impact of two-level filtering on EMCC performance during the COVID-19 outbreak. METHODS: A before-after monocentric prospective study was conducted at the EMCC at the Nantes University Hospital. Using telephone activity data, we compared EMCC performance during 2 periods. In period one (February 27th to March 11th 2020), call takers managed calls as usual, gathering basic information from the caller and giving first aid instructions to a bystander on scene if needed. During period two (March 12th to March 25th 2020), calls were answered by a first-line call taker to identify potentially serious conditions that required immediate dispatch. When a serious condition was excluded, the call was immediately transferred to a second-line call taker who managed the call as usual so the first-line call taker could be rapidly available for other incoming calls. The primary outcome was the quality of service at 20 s (QS20), corresponding to the rate of calls answered within 20 s. We described activity and outcome measures by hourly range. We compared EMCC performance during periods one and two using an interrupted time series analysis. RESULTS: We analyzed 45,451 incoming calls during the two study periods: 21,435 during period 1 and 24,016 during period 2. Between the two study periods, we observed a significant increase in the number of incoming calls per hour, the number of connected call takers and average call duration. A linear regression model, adjusted for these confounding variables, showed a significant increase in the QS20 slope (from - 0.4 to 1.4%, p = 0.01), highlighting the significant impact of two-level filtering on the quality of service. CONCLUSIONS: We found that rapid access to our EMCC was maintained during the COVID-19 pandemic via two-level filtering. This system helped reduce the time gap between call placement and first-line call-taker evaluation of a potentially life-threatening situation. We suggest implementing this system when an EMCC faces significantly increased activity with limited staff resources.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Communication , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Emergencies , Emergency Medical Service Communication Systems/organization & administration , Emergency Medical Services/methods , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Triage/methods , COVID-19 , Controlled Before-After Studies , Humans , Pandemics , Prospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Telephone
13.
Frontiers in Communication ; JOUR, 7.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2099110

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 remains a pressing global health disaster, and pregnant women and their unborn child/ren continue to be extremely at risk. In the Philippines, a developing country in Southeast Asia, pregnant women were generally excluded from initial vaccination drives to avoid adverse effects in their offspring, amidst findings from animal studies and post-trial monitoring on the vaccines' safety. In August 2021, the Philippine Obstetrical and Gynecological Society (POGS) and the Department of Health (DOH) released guidelines for the vaccination of pregnant women due to the eventual increase in their mortality during outbreaks of the Delta variant. This perspective presents various forms of scientific communication on COVID-19 vaccination to Filipino pregnant women and forwards recommendations to improve communication in various settings. First, we present three modalities on how information on COVID-19 vaccination is disseminated to pregnant women in the Philippines and discuss their potential impacts on knowledge promotion and actual vaccination uptake, taking into account the Filipino cultural value of "pakikipagkapwa". These include government and doctor-led initiatives, social media posts and comments, and experiences of one of the authors in vaccination drives in rural and remote communities. Findings are used to develop the BAKUNANAYS guidelines, comprised of 10 recommendations for healthcare workers, health agencies, and doctors vaccinating pregnant women in the Philippines and other developing countries, especially those with a similar socio-economic profile and cultural values.

14.
New Media & Society ; JOUR: 1,
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-2098248

ABSTRACT

New media literacy (NML) is an emerging construct of great value in a digital age in which information overload threatens the well-being of society. Among the scarcity of available research going beyond a theoretical conceptualization of NML and using structural equational modeling, we explored the influence of NML on media trust, perception of fake news, and fact-checking motivation that underlie the dissemination of unverified information during the COVID-19 pandemic. Challenging the assertion of NML’s absolute effect on mitigating the problem of fake news communication, the components of NML were shown to contribute to the transmission of unverified information among citizens unless the risk of fake news was well understood. The findings suggest that further research is required to fully understand the scope of NML in designing public education, and that the problem of fake news spread may be a social phenomenon that digitalized society must embrace. [ FROM AUTHOR]

15.
International Journal of Behavioral Development ; JOUR
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2098184

ABSTRACT

Lack of social interaction is associated with a heightened sense of loneliness and, in turn, poorer psychological well-being. Despite the prevalence of communicating with others virtually even when physically alone, whether the social interaction-loneliness-well-being relationship is different between face-to-face and virtual interactions and between younger and older adults is relatively understudied. This 21-day diary study examined this question among younger (n = 91;M-age = 22.87) and older (n = 107;M-age = 64.53) Hong Kong participants during the early stage of the COVID-19 pandemic (March-May 2020). We found significant indirect effects of shorter face-to-face interaction time on poorer psychological well-being via a heightened sense of loneliness at the within-person level only among younger adults and at the between-person level only among older adults. Independent of loneliness, spending more time with others on virtual interactions was associated with better psychological well-being only among older adults. Taken together, while the mechanisms may be different across age groups, face-to-face interaction remains an effective way to reduce loneliness and enhance psychological well-being even at times when it is discouraged (e.g., pandemic). Although virtual interaction does not reduce loneliness, its positive impact on older adults' well-being sheds light on the utility of promoting technological acceptance in late adulthood.

16.
BMC Nurs ; 21(1): 288, 2022 Nov 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2098339

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Nurses have an essential role and responsibility to work at the forefront of patient care during the COVID-19 pandemic. Although the press and public have praised the dedication of nurses in the COVID-19 pandemic, there are several points to consider for nursing professional development. The purpose of this study is to collect the experiences of the nursing profession in the COVID-19 pandemic through interviews, seek improvements for the development of the nursing profession, and suggest directions for the future. METHOD: This qualitative study adopts semi-structured interviews analyzing the nursing experience of the COVID-19 pandemic based on the professional practice models (PPMs). Ten nurses with at least two years of working experience and thorough work changes in the COVID-19 pandemic from various settings have participated in the study. RESULTS: We identified thirty-nine problematic codes and nineteen improvement codes which mapped to 12 key concepts and corresponded to 6 constructs of the PPM model. CONCLUSION: Nurses had to take on tasks beyond their duties in urgent situations, which restrained nurses from concentrating on their work. Clarifying working boundaries is fundamental for collaborative care and independent nursing practice. Collaboration and communication among healthcare workers based on mutual understanding can create a respectful working environment. Although there were many difficulties due to the uncertain situation, we can find that the nursing profession can make achievements through systematic and organizational support for sticking to the basics of nursing, securing technical expertise, cultivating critical thinking, and developing various professional attributes. In this way, the establishment of roles based on professional values and duties and the ascertainment of clear boundaries for nursing will ultimately help to improve the quality of patient care.

17.
J Clin Nurs ; 2022 Nov 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2097823

ABSTRACT

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed (a) to identify the communication issues and problems faced by individuals with hearing impairment (HI)/deafness during the COVID-19 pandemic and (b) to describe strategies to overcome the issues/problems and/or prevent their negative impact. BACKGROUND: Individuals with mild or severe HI face everyday communication problems, which have been worsened during the COVID-19 pandemic. However, no studies have summarised the available evidence to better understand the communication challenges faced by them and strategies allowing better interactions. The long duration of the outbreak-more than 2 years, with policies that have just been lifted in some countries-and the possible return of restrictions in the next Winter suggest the need to summarise evidence in the field. DESIGN AND METHODS: A rapid review is reported here in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis guidelines. Medline, CINAHL and Scopus databases were searched, including (a) primary or secondary studies published from January 2020 to 12 January 2022, (b) involving individuals with HI/deafness, (c) during the COVID-19 pandemic and (d) written in English. Data were extracted and summarised by using a content analysis approach. PATIENT OR PUBLIC CONTRIBUTION: No Patient or Public Contribution. RESULTS: Fourteen studies were included as follows: three non-systematic reviews, seven cross-sectional, three quasi- experimental and one qualitative study, performed mainly in the US and the UK. Face mask covering use; physical and social distancing; and information, education, rehabilitation, and healthcare accessibility have emerged as the main challenges triggering consequences such as social isolation, loneliness, poor knowledge regarding the prevention and mental health issues. Strategies mitigating these challenges are as follows: (a) adopting transparent face masks, (b) using basic skills while interacting (e.g. maintaining eye contact), (c) improving the availability of sign language interpreters, (d) allowing the presence of family members and (e) teaching basics of sign language to healthcare professionals. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: Individuals with HI/deafness live with several challenges, suggesting that their vulnerability has increased tremendously during the COVID-19 pandemic. The effectiveness of strategies to overcome these difficulties should be scrutinised by conducting more research. Moreover, there should be increased awareness among all citizens by equipping them with simple strategies to communicate effectively with individuals with HI, an approach that may increase inclusiveness and prevent further negative consequences and burden.

18.
Disaster Med Public Health Prep ; : 1-19, 2022 Nov 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2096219

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study was to examine the association between COVID-19 information search activities and vaccination intention. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were collected using online surveys. Independent variables included COVID-19 information search on the 1) science of viral effects of COVID-19 on the body, 2) origin of COVID-19, 3) symptoms and outcomes, 4) transmission & prevention, 5) future outbreak, and 6) policies/procedures to follow. The outcome variable was vaccination intention. Multivariable regression analysis was conducted. RESULTS: Participants (N= 501) had a mean age of 32.44±11.94 years, were 55.3% female, and 67.9% White. Most COVID-19 information search was on symptoms and outcomes (77.7%), and policies/procedures to follow (69.9%). Intention to vaccinate against COVID-19 was higher among participants who searched for information on the science of viral effects of COVID-19 on the body (ß=0.23, 95% Confidence Interval (95% CI)= 0.03-0.43; p=0.03) and policies/procedures to follow (ß =0.24, 0.03-0.41, p= 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: People who searched for information about 1) the science of viral effects of COVID-19 and 2) policies/procedures recommendations also reported higher vaccination intention. Risk communication seeking to increase vaccination should meet the consumer's information demand by prioritizing the scientific rationale for COVID-19 vaccination and clarifying what policies/procedures are recommended.

19.
Communications Africa/Afrique ; JOUR(2):20-21, 2022.
Article in English | Africa Wide Information | ID: covidwho-2092787

ABSTRACT

AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT : The Covid -19 pandemic has certainly given more opportunities to fraudsters to exploit vulnerabilities in telecom services. However, as Kusum Liyanage of Cable & Wireless Seychelles pointed out to Ron Murphy, fraud has been evolving for a long time and become more sophisticated as the volume of telecommunications traffic has steadily increased

20.
Vivat Academia ; JOUR(156): 50-72,
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2091041

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is the communicative barriers experienced by the lecturers working at a university in the south of Turkey during the distance education process, by evaluating Claude Elwood Shannon and Warren Weaver's Information Theory and Melvin DeFleur's communication model who revised this theory, due diligence on distance education of higher education in Turkey. In this study, which was designed using the phenomenology pattern, which is one of the qualitative research methods, an in-depth interview was conducted with a study group consisting of sixteen lecturers who had experience in distance education in the past and were currently teaching distance education, determined by the snowball sampling method. The data obtained from the interviews were transferred to the NVivo 10 program and twelve main themes that hindered the effective communication of lecturers were determined. The determined themes were analyzed with thematic. As a result of the analyzes, it was found that the lecturers were mainly exposed to the legislation-based communicative noise and feedback problem during the distance education process, and this situation negatively affected their job satisfaction and productivity.

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