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1.
Problems of Education in the 21st Century ; 80(3):438-455, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1958279

ABSTRACT

Turkish early childhood pre-service teachers had to follow their student teaching practicum courses through emergency remote teaching on the online platform available to them during COVID-19 pandemic like in most countries. The pre-service teachers were experimenting with this new form of student teaching practicum by building up new knowledge and experiences without being present in the school context and having no interaction with the children. This study aims to analyse early childhood education pre-service teachers' experiences of emergency remote teaching (ERT) during COVID-19 Pandemic in Turkey and explore how these experiences shape their professional development to meet the quality standards and preschool teacher competencies. Doing a content analysis of the codes through a qualitative data analysis software program (NVivo 12) and making a constant comparison between codes and categories, three themes as a result of this study after doing a content analysis of the data, have emerged: (1) Early childhood education pre-service teachers’ practices in ERT supported only certain competencies. (2) With its natural structure of distance education, ERT restrained pre-service teachers' field experiences to enable them to gain the necessary competencies and qualifications for early childhood education (3) the pre-service teachers perceived ERT as insufficient for their placement experiences. There is a need for a regulation on how the practice in teacher education should be done in ERT since pre-service teachers' field placements have a crucial role in their training and there is a missing gap for practice during distance education.

2.
International Journal of Workplace Health Management ; 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1956646

ABSTRACT

Purpose: The purpose of the paper is to investigate managers' experiences of managing work environment and risks during the Covid-19 pandemic and to explore how managers might use these experiences to develop future risk management. Design/methodology/approach: Semi-structured interviews were carried out with 18 Swedish managers at different hierarchical levels working in 11 different organizations. A directed content analysis was carried out, informed by theory on risk management. Findings: The results point to the pandemic as a societal crisis which workplaces needed to manage through large means of improvisation. Regular work environment routines were put to the test, and several deficiencies in the work environment and risk management were identified. Organizations that handle occupational safety and risks on a daily basis through established routines were less affected and could easier adjust work environment and risk management, compared to organizations prioritizing the social and organizational work environment, which had to re-prioritize and start paying more attention to the physical work environment and to bring risk management into their daily routines. Originality/value: The study offers an account of how managers in different labor market sectors in Sweden have acted in the midst of the pandemic by handling real-time crises, how these experiences can be used for engaging in retrospective learning and how this may imply changes to their prospective risk management.

3.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(15)2022 Jul 23.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1957308

ABSTRACT

Social media engagement is a vehicle for effective communication and engagement between governments and individuals, especially in crises such as the COVID-19 pandemic. Additionally, it can be used to communicate resilience measures and receive feedback. This research aims to investigate public social media engagement with resilience measures related to COVID-19 in Macao. We examined 1107 posts and 791 comments about the government's face mask supply and consumption voucher schemes on Facebook. Using the Crisis Lifecycle model, we partitioned the data and analyzed the content and engagement of related posts, as well as the word semantics in user comments. Our findings show that social media engagement in these resilience measures is high and positive in the early stages of the pandemic, suggesting social media's potential in mobilizing society, preserving social resilience, and serving as a two-way communication tool in public health emergencies.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Social Media , COVID-19/epidemiology , Government , Humans , Macau/epidemiology , Pandemics
4.
Jurnal Komunikasi: Malaysian Journal of Communication ; 38(2):251-264, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1955179

ABSTRACT

In this time of pandemic, people engage with diverse narratives of infographics to make sense of their experiences. Scholars agreed that comics are graphic mediums and cultural artefacts that significantly contribute to the visual community of the COVID-19 pandemic. One of the comic artists in Malaysia, Ernest Ng, initially published his comics online and later converted them into three volumes of comic books entitled CovidBall Z Volume 1 (2020a), 2 (2020b) and 3 (2021). The objective of this paper is to undertake a content analysis of the portrayals of the various state machinery figures both from the government and opposition sides (i.e., ministers, politicians and government officers) in their roles in combating COVID-19. Additionally, the analysis wishes to uncover contemporary attitudes Ng uses such as symbolism, exaggeration and irony, among others, to convey his views on the current issue in obvious and subtle ways. In analysing the data, this study employed data analysis techniques in the form of descriptive content analysis. It was found that the social commentaries presented in Ng’s comics via the plot depict the existence of sexism, unfair treatment, and prejudice by several characters which lead to bully culture in the midst of the political metaphorical depiction of war and heroism among Malaysian state machinery figures. The images in his comics help people analyse, reflect on, and interpret our experiences by informing, providing meaning, and illustrating the COVID-19 outbreak narrative. © 2022, Penerbit Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. All rights reserved.

5.
Revista FSA ; 19(7):10-28, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-1955022

ABSTRACT

Rural tourism increasingly awakens the approximation of the rural to the urban by offering a diversified portfolio of attractions that, when organized in the format of tourist routes, strategically articulate current and future ventures. The objective of this wais to analyze the absorptive capacity (CA) in the offer of rural tourism in the face of the COVID-19 pandemic in the Rota das Trutas, located in the municipality of São José dos Ausentes (RS, Brazil). In methodological terms, a qualitative multi-case s was carried out in two projects with an online interview with the owners of the projects and data wad analyzed using the content analysis technique. The results demonstrated the lack of prior knowledge to work in tourism basedon agricultural activities, and new knowledge was accessed through technical assistance, nonetheless assimilation has limitations, and its application could be expanded. As a result of the AC, the fragility of the relationship between the potential AC and the achieved AC resulting from the transmission of internal knowledge by the owners is evident. The COVID-19 pandemic changed the routines and led them to adopt tourist security protocols, culminating in the increase in demand, as well as arousing interest in offering new personalized services and expanding existing ones. (English) [ FROM AUTHOR] O turismo rural desperta cada vez mais a aproximação do rural ao urbano, ao oferecer um diversificado portfólio de atrativos que, quando organizados no formato de roteiros turísticos, articulam estrategicamente empreendimentos atuais e futuros. O objetivo deste trabalho foi analisar a capacidade de absorção (CA) na oferta de turismo rural frente à pandemia COVID-19 na Rota das Trutas, localizada no município de São José dos Ausentes (RS, Brasil). Em termos metodológicos, foi realizado um multicaso qualitativo em dois projetos com uma entrevista online com os proprietários dos projetos e dados analisados através da técnica de análise de conteúdo. Os resultados demonstraram a falta de conhecimento prévio para atuar no turismo com base na atividade agropecuária, e novos conhecimentos foram acessados por meio da assistência técnica, porém a assimilação apresenta limitações e sua aplicação poderia ser ampliada. Como resultado da CA, fica evidente a fragilidade da relação entre a CA potencial e a CA realizada, decorrente da transmissão de conhecimentos internos pelos proprietários. A pandemia COVID-19 mudou as rotinas e levou-os a adotar protocolos de segurança turística, culminando no aumento da demanda, além de despertar o interesse em oferecer novos serviços personalizados e ampliar os existentes. (Portuguese) [ FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Revista FSA is the property of Revista FSA (Faculdade Santo Agostinho) and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

6.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(9)2022 05 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1953353

ABSTRACT

Vaccine hesitancy (VH) is defined as a delayed in acceptance or refusal of vaccines despite availability of vaccination services. This multinational study examined user interaction with social media about COVID-19 vaccination. The study analyzed social media comments in 24 countries from five continents. In total, 5856 responses were analyzed; 83.5% of comments were from Facebook, while 16.5% were from Twitter. In Facebook, the overall vaccine acceptance was 40.3%; the lowest acceptance rates were evident in Jordan (8.5%), Oman (15.0%), Senegal (20.0%) and Morocco (20.7%) and the continental acceptance rate was the lowest in North America 22.6%. In Twitter, the overall acceptance rate was (41.5%); the lowest acceptance rate was found in Oman (14.3%), followed by USA (20.5%), and UK (23.3%) and the continental acceptance rate was the lowest in North America (20.5%), and Europe (29.7%). The differences in vaccine acceptance across countries and continents in Facebook and Twitter were statistically significant. Regarding the tone of the comments, in Facebook, countries that had the highest number of serious tone comments were Sweden (90.9%), USA (61.3%), and Thailand (58.8%). At continent level, serious comments were the highest in Asia (58.4%), followed by Africa (46.2%) and South America (46.2%). In Twitter, the highest serious tone was reported in Egypt (72.2%) while at continental level, the highest proportion of serious comments was observed in Asia (59.7%), followed by Europe (46.5%). The differences in tone across countries and continents in Facebook and Twitter and were statistically significant. There was a significant association between the tone and the position of comments. We concluded that the overall vaccine acceptance in social media was relatively low and varied across the studied countries and continents. Consequently, more in-depth studies are required to address causes of such VH and combat infodemics.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Social Media , Vaccines , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines , Caffeine , Humans , Morocco , Thailand , Vaccination
7.
Front Psychol ; 13: 845198, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1952607

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 outbreak has been a public health crisis of international concern, causing huge impact on people's lives. As an important part of social public crisis management, how to quickly and effectively raise resources to participate in emergency relief in the era of self-media is a common challenge faced by global charitable organizations. This article attempts to use empirical evidence from Tencent charitable crowdfunding platform, the largest charitable crowdfunding platform in China, to answer this question. We consider 205 COVID-19 charitable projects and 11,177,249 donors to assess the process by which non-profit organizations raise funds through the information about project descriptions. Based on the effects of information and emotional framing, we explore the effects of the readability (i.e., complexity and understandability) and negative tone of the project description on fundraising amount. We then investigate the mediating role of forwarding times, as affective response to the text might explain forwarding times, which in turn affects money raised by increasing the visibility of the campaign. On this basis, the moderating role of recipient's crisis involvement is tested during this process. The empirical results indicate that the complexity of the description will reduce the fundraising amount, while understandability and negative tone help to improve it. Furthermore, we found that forwarding times played an important mediating role in this process. Then the buffer effect of crisis involvement on the negative effect of complexity was validated, and its amplification on the positive effects of understandability was also verified.

8.
SSRN; 2021.
Preprint in English | SSRN | ID: ppcovidwho-341232

ABSTRACT

As soon as the COVID-19 outbreak started, memes were mass produced, portraying emotions and experiences amidst the pandemic. It is observed from these memes that they are not only featuring humor and entertainment. This study aimed to analyze the images used and text placements of the viral COVID-19 memes. Semiology concepts from Saussure (1984) and Peirce (1991) were used as the processes for the content analysis on the viral COVID-19 memes used in the study. The images used and text placements were identified as the semiotic patterns of each meme. These patterns were analyzed to determine the overall characteristics of the memes. The study found out that the selection of the images used is based on popular culture. Photographs of people and screen capture images from movie and TV/cartoon shows are mostly used. The texts used in the memes are mostly placed in the center, overlaying the image or background used. An all-white Arial typeface with 28-48 pt. is the mostly used typography. With this text-image relationship, the memes are read easier leading to better comprehension and being viral. Hence, the study concluded that memes have the capability to become classroom tools to: a) associate or represent people, emotion, experience, and sentiment;and b) communicate using another form of media. The study recommends the integration of memes in teaching a lesson, specifically in English at secondary level, to promote humor and creativity in the language classroom.

9.
Innovations in Education & Teaching International ; : 1-11, 2022.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-1947950

ABSTRACT

Developing rapport with learners has presented challenges for Higher Education teaching practitioners since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, who increasingly facilitate learning within synchronous/ asynchronous online environments. Podcasts are of renewed interest as a digital learning resource in this context. We explored, inductively, views of podcasts designed for teaching and learning purposes held by students (n = 11) and by practitioners (n = 5) in two disciplinary settings. Textual feedback on two sample podcasts per student was subjected to content analysis. Findings underscored the value of podcasts as digital learning resources to help nurture teacher–student relations. Podcasts may help establish teacher credibility, may help teachers feel more familiar/approachable to learners and may provide an outlet to communicate in a kind, informal tone to attenuate learning-related anxiety. We draw on findings from our small-scale exploratory study to present practical guidance for developing podcasts designed (in part) to cultivate teacher–student rapport. [ FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Innovations in Education & Teaching International is the property of Routledge and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

10.
Journal of Adolescent Health ; 70(4):S20-S21, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1936660

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Despite greatly reduced roadway travel during the COVID-19 shelter-in-place orders, alcohol and drug use among seriously and fatally injured roadway users in the U.S. increased in 2020. Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death for U.S. youth. As travel resumes to pre-pandemic levels, it remains essential to identify novel strategies to prevent driving while impaired (DWI) and riding with an impaired driver (RWI). This qualitative study explored how youth avoid DWI and RWI during and after high school to inform prevention efforts. Methods: In 2020, virtual in-depth individual interviews were conducted with a geographically diverse sample of 105 young adults. Participants were purposively sampled from the NEXT Generation Health Study, a nationally representative longitudinal cohort study, and had varying levels of experience with DWI/RWI during and after high school (mean age 26.36±0.52 y/o, 47.7% ♀). A semi-structured interview guide explored pre-pandemic experiences with DWI/RWI. Using directed content analysis approaches, guided by ecodevelopment theory, a six-member multidisciplinary team systematically applied inductive and deductive codes to each transcript;agreement was achieved by team consensus. Themes were derived using data immersion (with coded data and transcripts), investigator reflexivity and team dialogue. We present themes derived from the codes “Chose not to DWI”, “Chose not to RWI”, and “Missed Opportunities for Prevention”. Results: Participants avoided DWI by trusting their self-assessment of impairment, defined as poor physical ability to drive, “I knew I could barely stand up and coherently walk through the sand …. [it’s] probably not the best idea for me to get behind the wheel.” Some relied on trusted, close friends to intervene: “My perspective is like ‘I'm good to drive but I'm swirling’. [My friends] will make those decisions for me to prevent what could happen”. Perceived police presence on the roadways also prevented potential DWI, “You always consider that there’s gonna be more cops on the road or not”. Additional factors included party pre-planning, past experiences with law enforcement, and easy access to alternative transportation or post-party housing. Participants described avoiding RWI by observing severe driver intoxication: “They were falling down trying to get in the truck — that was a telltale sign”. They also described the need for “better options”, which more often included rides from sober friends than rides from family or ride-share. Bystander interventions were a common technique to avoid RWI (and prevent DWI) during high school. For example, when asked how they avoided RWI, one participant reported “I've stopped several of my friends that have been drinking and I told them they weren't going nowhere”. Conclusions: As youth return to pre-pandemic levels of social activity, DWI/RWI prevention initiatives should bolster protective and prevention strategies that youth are already using, such as peer-to-peer bystander interventions and proactive planning for multiple transportation or housing options among peers. Youth may benefit from prevention and education efforts that enhance awareness of the cognitive impacts of alcohol and drug use on driving. Future research should identify optimal strategies for DWI/RWI prevention intervention delivery, both during and after high school. Sources of Support: R01AA026313.

11.
Supportive Care in Cancer ; 30:S31, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1935797

ABSTRACT

Introduction Telehealth-based supportive care has proliferated, particularly during COVID-19. However, research on the use of these resources among older adults, who are the majority of cancer survivors, is limited. This study utilized online semi-structured interviews to gather older cancer survivors' use and perceptions of telehealth-based supportive care. Methods Participants were recruited through ResearchMatch. Content analyses were conducted by two independent coders for identification of common themes. SPSS IBM 27.0 was used for descriptive analyses. Results The majority of participants (n=21;mean age=73.5±4.9) were female (57%), White (90%), and had a variety of cancer diagnoses. Ten (47.6%) survivors had prior experience with telehealth use. More than half (52.3%) of survivors reported interest in using telehealth for symptom management. One-third of survivors were interested in telehealthbased supportive care for nutrition, exercise, screening, and stress management. Older cancer survivors noted the convenience of telehealth, yet expressed feelings of disconnect with supportive care providers and preference for in-person appointments. Conclusions These findings suggest that older cancer survivors are divided in their use and perceptions of telehealth for supportive care. Additional efforts to establish the most appropriate uses and distribution of telehealth-based supportive cancer care for older cancer survivors post-COVID-19 are warranted.

12.
Race Soc Probl ; : 1-13, 2022 Jul 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1935878

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has disproportionately impacted health and social outcomes for people of color in the United States. This study examined how local TV news stories attributed causes and solutions for COVID-19-related racial health and social disparities, and whether coverage of such disparities changed after George Floyd's murder, during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. We systematically validated keywords to extract relevant news content and conducted a content analysis of 169 discrete local TV news stories aired between March and June 2020 from 80 broadcast networks within 22 purposefully selected media markets. We found that social determinants of COVID-19 related racial disparities have been part of the discussion in local TV news, but racism as a public health crisis was rarely mentioned. Coverage of racial disparities focused far more attention on physical health outcomes than broader social impacts. Stories cited more structural factors than individual factors, as causes of these disparities. After the murder of George Floyd, stories were more likely to mention Black and Latinx people than other populations impacted by COVID-19. Only 9% of local news stories referenced racism, and stories referenced politicians more frequently than public health experts.

13.
Media and Communication ; 10(2):287-300, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1934777

ABSTRACT

For over 20 years, Russia has been within the top five most attractive countries for immigrants. Before the pandemic, the federal policies that stimulated the immigration of cheap workforce contradicted the public perception and the media coverage of immigrants as problematic communities. Unlike labor immigrants, the EU refugees from the Middle East were depicted as a challenge for the disunited and unhospitable EU, and re-settlers from Donbass were portrayed highly sympathetically. These differences remain virtually unstudied. We explore the coverage of immigrants and refugees in Russia during the Covid-19 pandemic to see whether, under its impact, the coverage was equal and humanistic rather than different and politically induced. Based on content analysis of 12 Russian federal and regional textual media and four TV channels in 2020, we show that the differences described above have persisted and even intensified during the pandemic, supported by pro-state media, with only marginal counterbalancing from oppositional news outlets. The discourse about labor immigrants pragmatically focused on immigration-related problems for businesses and the state, channeling the authorities’ position on immigrants as “objects of proper care,” while the EU refugees were depicted as “objects of improper treatment.” In both discourses, immigrants were equally deprived of their subjectivity. In general, the immigration-related issues were not a major focus, especially for regional media, and the pandemic has not led to the re-humanization of immigration coverage.

14.
Media and Communication ; 10(2):241-252, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1934771

ABSTRACT

The media hold an essential role in circulating information, disseminating knowledge, constructing representations, shaping ideologies, and influencing contemporary societies. Since the outburst of the coronavirus (Covid-19) pandemic, their attention has been mostly paid to the protection and the health situation of citizens worldwide. Although millions of refugees are also exposed to a new risk with their vulnerable position being deteriorated, the refugee issue in the context of the Covid-19 pandemic seems to have been downgraded. In this regard, the current article explores to what extent the refugee issue was salient in the Greek, German, and British press during the pandemic. At the same time, it looks at how the media outlets in all three countries addressed it, focusing on the key topics reported and the interpretive schemata of the pertinent coverage. We use a qualitative content analysis, examining a sample of newspaper articles that were published between 1 January 2021 and 1 May 2021. The results presented by this article suggest that the epidemiological developments or other health aspects related to local populations seem to overshadow the situation of refugees. Yet, media outlets mostly perceive refugees as victims of the pandemic, underlining their vulnerability and marginalisation in health, economic, and education terms. The findings seek to feed the public discussion, providing a fruitful approach to the media narratives and representations of refugees during the Covid-19 crisis.

15.
9th Annual IEEE Conference on Technologies for Sustainability, SusTech 2022 ; : 31-38, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1932140

ABSTRACT

India urgently requires technological solutions to resolve its pressing sustainability issues. The study, therefore, analyzed published blog content to explore how drones were being used to promote the United Nations sustainable development goals in India. Blog entries were retrieved through the Google search engine and screened to select 35 blogs, which contained sustainable drone applications and drone operation policies in India. Blogs published from 2016 to 2021 were analyzed through qualitative content analysis using a phenomenological approach. The study identified four themes and ten sub-themes related to drone use for sustainability in India. Themes included drone applications for sustainable management of natural resources, drone use for sustainable agriculture, drone implementation for other sustainability purposes, such as biodiversity conservation, and rules and regulations for drone use that enhance sustainability. The study recommends commercializing India's drone industry to promote research on finding solutions to sustainability issues in various sectors. © 2022 IEEE.

16.
Meditari Accountancy Research ; 30(4):1210-1240, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1932045

ABSTRACT

Purpose>This paper aims to focus on the relation between digital transformation and banks’ reputation, as examined through the information disclosed by the five largest Italian banking groups’ efforts to extend and enhance their digital resources. Considering digitalization as a key strategy for managing reputation, which, in turn, can leverage financial and value performance management, the paper investigates whether and how digital activities might affect banks’ reputation. Therefore, this paper proposes the relationship between digitalization and reputation as a lever for performance management and for increasing efficiency.Design/methodology/approach>The authors use content analysis to generate a digital disclosure index, categorizing activities human, structural and relational. For banks’ reputations, the proxies are a measure of corporate reputation and a reputational risk index. Methodologically the study used multiple case studies, considered as particularly suitable to gain an in-depth understanding of the topic in the case of the five banks. A collection of secondary data and semi-structured interviews are included.Findings>Overall, the digitalization-reputation link shows that banks’ reputation is variously affected, not only by exposure to risk (including reputational risk) but also by strategic issues such as digitalization and the effectiveness of the corresponding communication. Consequently, banks should view digitalization as a key driver to be considered not in a stand-alone perspective, but in a combined approach.Research limitations/implications>Continued research should include the Covid-19 implications. Additionally, it would be important to compare a larger number of banks, with different characteristics, also including variables indicating the corporate governance mechanisms.Practical implications>The analysis contributes to fostering scholars’ and practitioners’ management of the digital transformation challenge that is a current key-factor, capable of increasing banks’ value. It considers not only the drivers directly affecting monetary value but also the institutions’ social and relational value, as well as their reputation.Originality/value>This paper extends prior research on the digitalization-reputation relation by investigating digital transformation through disclosure of activities in this area within the Italian banking sector. It allows to leverage the key-factors that can contribute to increasing banks’ value, considering not only the drivers directly affecting monetary value but also the institutions’ social and relational value, as well as their reputation.

17.
American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine ; 205(1), 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1927843

ABSTRACT

RATIONALE: Increased critical illness survivorship due to COVID-19 means feasible, acceptable, scalable models of Post-Intensive Care Syndrome (PICS) care have never been more important. PICS care should help survivors integrate a life-changing event into their identities, adapt to the changes, and resume participation in meaningful roles and activities. Although this is a conceptual model of transition, PICS care has not been examined through a transitional care lens. We engaged diverse stakeholders to describe convergent and divergent perspectives of high quality transitional care delivery for PICS. METHODS: Qualitative content analysis of transcribed semi-structured interviews and focus groups with diverse stakeholders across the post-ICU care continuum in a Western Pennsylvania health system. Pilot-tested interview/focus group guides elicited perceived care needs, and barriers and facilitators to addressing them. Since environmental resources mediate transitions, we probed social determinants of health. We included but did not focus on COVID in recruitment and data collection to optimize generalizability. Five trained coders (backgrounds in geriatrics, critical care, internal medicine and psychology) analyzed transcripts, emphasizing convergence and divergence among stakeholders. We unified codes into themes and checked accuracy and completeness with participants. RESULTS: Results synthesize interviews with critical illness survivors (11), family carers (11), rural primary care, home health and social services providers (20), and focus groups with rural home health providers (2) and interprofessional inpatient providers and healthcare administrators (8). All converged on patients' needs to safely achieve functional independence, in an environment including community support, education and training, and individualized goal elicitation. The most significant divergence involved goals: clinicians focused on functional independence, while survivors and family carers discussed adapting their roles and identities and participating in personally meaningful activities. Major barriers were systemic and echoed transitional care literature: lack of patient or family activation/engagement;absent/inadequate communication;lack of teamwork/collaboration;limited follow-up/monitoring;poor care continuity;and serious service gaps in transitions between providers and across care settings. Facilitators were situation-specific means of addressing barriers (e.g., going above and beyond, hiring a care manager). Participants uniformly viewed social determinants of health (i.e. access, cost, sociopolitical forces) as instrumental to and often dominant in care quality. CONCLUSION: The first “whole continuum” perspective on PICS care fits a conceptual model of transitional care. The next step is the development of an intervention model adapting active ingredients of evidence-based transitional care to the post-ICU context.

18.
SSM Popul Health ; 19: 101165, 2022 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1926918

ABSTRACT

Social media have increasingly been used by political bodies and experts to disseminate health information to the public. However, we still know little about how the communication of these actors on social media is received by other users and how it reflects trends in public trust. We examined social media dynamics in the communication of information by major actors (n = 188) involved in COVID-19 online discussions in Switzerland. These actors are scientists (experts), policymakers (government officials, cantonal executives, and other parties), and representatives of mass media. We found little correlation between Twitter features (other users' engagement and negativity in other users' replies) and the level of public trust found in representative opinion surveys. We used topic modelling in combination with correspondence analysis, and including additional variables for actor types and the period of the public debate further enabled us to detect salient episodes related to the pandemic on social media. In particular, we found that differing roles were played by the (health) experts and political authorities in terms of both topics and influence on the specific timing of the pandemic. The results of this study provide helpful conclusions for communication among political authorities, health experts, and the public.

19.
Obstetrics and Gynecology ; 139(SUPPL 1):6S, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1925470

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The COVID-19 pandemic impacted abortion access, prompting initiatives to improve medication abortion access. We examined self-reported experiences and inquiries about medication abortion before and during the pandemic, using the anonymous platform Reddit. METHODS: We identified medication abortion-related Reddit posts across seven subreddits (e.g., r/Askwomen, r/abortion) using keywords linked to medication abortion (e.g., “abortion pill,” “misoprostol”). We restricted our search to pre-pandemic (September-November 2019) and during pandemic (April-June 2020) and filtered posts for experiences with or questions about medication abortion. We analyzed posts via inductive and iterative coding to characterize salient themes. We examined the prevalence of themes before and during the pandemic using chi-square tests. Institutional review board approval was obtained. RESULTS: Medication abortion-related posts increased by 134% during the pandemic (70 prior vs. 164 during). Frequent themes included sharing anxieties (34%), geographic barriers (22%), privacy/ secrecy surrounding abortion (21%), post-abortion relief (19%), concerns about pain/bleeding (18%), and medication seeking (12%). For posts during the pandemic, 56 (24%) mentioned COVID-19 as a barrier;more posts expressed concerns about efficacy during than prior to COVID-19 (17% vs. 3%, P<.05). We did not detect a statistically significant change in posts specifying self-managed abortion (23% vs. 27%), teleabortion (9% vs. 16%), or clinic abortion (46% vs. 32%) before versus during COVID-19. Nine posts (7%) specified interest in medication abortion above 11 weeks. CONCLUSION: Individuals share abortion experiences and seek support and advice on Reddit. Nearly a quarter of posts reported COVID-19 being a barrier to abortion access. However, concerns about abortion access, emotions surrounding abortion, and adviceseeking were prevalent across time periods.

20.
Obstetrics and Gynecology ; 139(SUPPL 1):95S, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1925458

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Social media claims of COVID-19 vaccination causing infertility has contributed to vaccine hesitancy among reproductive-aged women. YouTube is the most extensively used video sharing platform, delivering information to 2.3 billion users. We conducted a cross-sectional study to assess the accuracy, content, and viewership of YouTube videos on COVID-19 vaccines and fertility. METHODS: YouTube videos identified using the search term 'COVID vaccine fertility' were classified independently by three professionals. Five-point ordinal scales were used to grade reliability and quality. Information regarding source of upload, video content in six pre-defined domains, reasons for vaccine hesitancy in eight pre-defined domains, and various video-viewer interaction metrics were collected. RESULTS: Of the 112 videos with cumulative duration of 17.2 hours and viewership of approximately 3.5 million, 16 (14.41%) were from government/professional societies, 41 (36.94%) were from hospitals, 36 (32.43 %) were from News/Commercial organizations, and 18 (16.22%) were from individual users. Videos from government/professional societies were rated more likely to be useful and had the highest quality scores. However, individual accounts had the highest viewership at a median of 286.5 views per day compared to 28.8 views per day for government videos (P<.05). Among videos from government/professional societies, 62.50% reported on pregnancy related complications. In contrast, among individual videos, 66.67% reported on COVID-19 vaccine clinical trials. Among all videos, the most reported reason for vaccine hesitancy were claims of antibodies disrupting placentation. CONCLUSION: Social media websites such as YouTube may provide an accessible platform for disseminating information to reproductive-aged women contemplating COVID-19 vaccination.

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