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1.
Acta Medica Iranica ; 60(11):699-706, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2208785

ABSTRACT

The successful implementation of mobile learning is mainly impacted by learners' attitudes to accepting and applying mobile learning systems. In the current study, an m-learning application was developed and implemented for university students, and their perspective toward the adoption and application of m-learning was investigated. This cross-sectional study was carried out in 2020. The participants were 114 university students at Abadan University of Medical Sciences. Data were collected by means of a valid questionnaire containing 42 questions in 13 subscales in addition to an open-ended question about the positive and negative aspects of the m-learning application. There was a significant relationship between acceptance and major (P=0.001), mobile usage (P=0.035), and familiarity with m-learning (P<0.001). The total mean of m-learning application acceptance was 3.95±0.32, which shows a good level. Self-efficacy, perceived ease of use, and user interface were, respectively, the most influencing factors;mobile device limitation and governmental support were the least influencing factors. "Direct communication with the teacher/instructor” and "Internet disconnection during video teaching” were among the positive and negative aspects of applying the m-learning application, respectively. The m-learning application was well adopted among the students. Mobile device limitations are a reason for the student's concerns. "Usability features” can be a point for covering mobile device limitations.

2.
Medicina ; 59(1):175, 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2208635

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives: Job burnout is prevalent among primary care providers (PCPs) in different countries, and the factors that can alleviate burnout in these countries have been explored. However, no study has addressed the prevalence and the correlates of job burnout among Togolese PCPs. Therefore, we aimed to examine the prevalence of burnout and its association with social support and psychological capital among PCPs in Togo. Material and Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study in Togo from 5 to 17 November 2020 among 279 PCPs of 28 peripheral care units (PCUs). Participants completed the Maslach Burnout Inventory, Job Content Questionnaire, and Psychological Capital Questionnaire. Data were analyzed using the Mann–Whitney U test, Kruskal–Wallis H test, Pearson correlation analysis, and multiple linear regression. Results: We received 279 responses, out of which 37.28% experienced a high level of emotional exhaustion (EE), 13.62% had a high level of depersonalization (DP), and 19.71% experienced low levels of personal accomplishment (PA). EE had a significant negative correlation with the supervisor's support. In contrast, self-efficacy, hope, optimism, and resilience had a significant negative correlation with DP and a significant positive correlation with PA. Furthermore, supervisors' support significantly predicted lower levels of EE. Optimism significantly predicted lower levels of DP and higher levels of PA. Conclusions: Burnout is common among Togolese PCPs, and self-efficacy, optimism, and supervisors' support significantly contribute to low levels of job burnout among Togolese PCPs. This study provided insight into intervention programs to prevent burnout among PCPs in Togo.

3.
International Journal of Caring Sciences ; 15(3):1640-1648, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2208054

ABSTRACT

Background: Nurses, who constitute the vast majority of the health sector and are an important part of the sector, have continued to provide care during uncertainties such as increased workload during the COVID-19 pandemic, uncertainty about the mechanism of the virus, difficult decisions, inadequate supply of protective equipment, fear of getting infected and infecting their relatives, witnessing the deaths of their patients, and meeting the complex needs of patients. Aims: This study was carried out to determine the emotional labor behavior and compassion fatigue of nurses who cared for individuals with COVID-19 during the pandemic, determine the factors affecting these two concepts, and examine the relationship between these concepts. Method: This research used a descriptive cross-sectional study design. Reporting of this study has been verified in accordance with the STROBE checklist. This study was carried out in hospitals in Turkey who were reached through online surveys between July and August 2020. The sample group consisted of 180 nurses who were directly involved in COVID-19 patient care. Research data were collected using a personal information form, the Emotional Labor Behavior Scale for Nurses, and the Compassion Fatigue-Short Scale. The participating nurses completed the online survey forms. Results: In-depth and sincere behavior scores of nurses under the age of 30 were significantly higher than nurses aged 30 and over, and female nurses' compassion fatigue, secondary trauma, and professional burnout scores were significantly higher than male nurses' scores (p<0.05). The compassion fatigue and its subdimension scores of the nurses who cared for individuals with COVID-19 longer than three months were significantly higher than those who cared for a shorter time (p<0.05). Although there was no significant difference between the total scale and sub-dimension scores of the nurses diagnosed with COVID-19, the secondary trauma score of those who had COVID-19 was significantly higher than those who did not (p<0.05). A negative, significant, and very weak relationship was found between superficial behavior and compassion fatigue and its sub-dimensions (p<0.05). Conclusions: Young nurses reflected their feelings deeply and sincerely. Female nurses and nurses who cared for individuals with COVID-19 longer experienced more compassion fatigue, secondary trauma, and professional burnout. As the nurses' level of superficial behavior increased, compassion fatigue, secondary trauma, and occupational burnout decreased.

4.
Epidemiologie, Mikrobiologie, Imunologie ; 71(4):183-189, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2207986

ABSTRACT

Aim: Invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) is still a major threat not only to the youngest age group of children but also to adolescents and young adults. Higher rates of meningococcal disease have also been reported in specific at-risk groups, such as secondary and tertiary students and members of the military. Infection occurs after close contact with a clinically ill individual, but most often with an asymptomatic carrier. The aim of our study was to determine the prevalence of carriage of N. meningitidis in young persons newly enlisted in the Army of the Czech Republic (ACR). Material and methods: During August 2021, persons entering the service in the ACR were asked to participate in the presented study approved by the Ethics Committee. Nasopharyngeal and oropharyngeal swabs were collected from the study participants in August. A questionnaire survey was administered to each of them after signing an informed consent form. The biological samples were cultured on the day of collection and analysed for N. meningitidis. In case of meningococcal detection, the serogroup of N. meningitidis was determined. For most of the study participants, swabs were repeated after 2-3 months, in October and November. Swabs were also collected from additional participants, namely students entering the first year of bachelor and master studies at a military college. Results: A total of 252 newly recruited young military professionals, 201 males and 51 females, were included in the study. Carriage of N. meningitidis was found in 13 study participants, i.e., 5.2 % of all tested subjects, with a predominance of positive findings in the summer period. All carriers were males while in females, meningococcal carriage was not detected. In carriers, serogroup B was predominant over non-groupable isolates (NG). There was no evidence of carriage of meningococcal groups A, C, W, X, or Y. Meningococcal isolation was significantly more successful from oropharyngeal compared to nasopharyngeal swabs. Only in five of 17 positive findings, meningococci were detected from both the oropharynx and nasopharynx. No isolation was made from the nasopharynx alone. Conclusion: The lower percentage of meningococcal carriage in young military professionals in the Czech Republic in the study period 2021 as compared to similar reports on military collectives from other countries can be attributed to the current epidemic situation, where the measures taken in connection with the efforts to prevent the spread of COVID-19 resulted in the loss of seasonality of respiratory diseases and also their significantly lower incidence. This correlates with a reduction in carriage in the monitored age category.

5.
International Journal of Caring Sciences ; 15(3):2010-2021, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2207389

ABSTRACT

Background: Vaccine hesitancy and refusal are becoming increasingly common. During the COVID-19 pandemic, vaccine refusal and vaccine hesitancy had a negative impact on vaccination campaigns in Turkey. Objective: The aim of this study is to determine the vaccine hesitancy and its reasons in Turkish society during the pandemic. Method: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted online between October 2021 and January 2022 with 502 adult individuals living in Turkey who met the inclusion criteria. Results: It was determined that %54.9 of the participants had hesitantly vaccinated, and %7.2 refused the vaccine. The mean scores on the Vaccıne Hesıtancy Scale in Pandemıcs of those who refused the vaccine (33.916±7.00) were substantially higher than those who experienced vaccine hesitancy (28.818±4.78) and those who did not (24.389±4.51) (p<0.05). It was determined that individuals aged 65 and over were vaccinated without any hesitation compared to younger participants, and the rates of vaccine rejection and refusal to be vaccinated by women, university graduates and those without chronic disease were found to be significantly higher (p<0.05). Conclusion: During the Covid-19 pandemic, individuals exhibiting vaccine hesitancy and rejection, as well as the risk factors that contribute to these circumstances, should be assessed on a regular basis. It is predicted that offering community the training by qualified nurses on the factors that lead to vaccine hesitancy and refusal will aid in increasing immunization rates and establishing community immunity in Turkish society.

6.
International Journal of Caring Sciences ; 15(3):1665-1674, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2207318

ABSTRACT

Background: Coronaphobia, is an excessive anxiety or fear of becoming infected by virus, which causes behavioral disorders by ensuring the impairment of daily life of the individual. It is thought that the clinical trainings carried out during the covid period will increase the coronaphobia of the nursing students and affect the care they give to the patients. Therefore, there is a need to studies to understand students' coronaphobia level and factors affecting it. Aim: This study examines the COVID-19 phobia that nursing students experience during their clinical practice education and the factors affecting it. Methods: This was a descriptive and cross-sectional study carried out with 321 second, third and fourth-year nursing students recruited from a nursing school in Turkey. Data were collected via questionnaire. A multiple linear regression analysis was used to examine the relationship between participant's characteristics and coronaphobia levels. Results: The students had a moderate level of coronaphobia. The state of being infected with COVID-19, death of a relative or acquaintance due to COVID-19, being afraid to be infected with COVID-19, being fearful of caregiving for COVID-19 patients, and anxiety when using common areas were associated with higher levels of phobia. Conclusion: Strategies and programs aimed at reducing nursing students' coronaphobia levels, and improving psychological support within the nursing curriculum should be implemented to help students effectively express their feelings and coping with stress.

7.
International Journal of Caring Sciences ; 15(3):1943-1959, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2207303

ABSTRACT

Background. Migraine is unquestionably a serious cause of dysfunction. Objective. To investigate the prevalence and impact of migraine on the health-related quality of life in Greek nursing students. Methods. Cross-sectional study with 140 nursing students in their 3rd or 4th year of studies. The research tools used were the ID Migraine™ questionnaire, the Migraine Assessment Disability questionnaire, the Medical Outcomes Study questionnaire (SF-36) and a demographics and history of headache form. Results. Self-reported migraine was found to be at 43.6%, self-reported migraine with physician-confirmed diagnosis was at 16.4%, and migraine detected by ID Migraine™ was at 48%. The main trigger factors of migraine were not sleeping at night, fasting for many hours and stress. Males showed a lower degree of migraine-related disability and better mental health. Students with a negative ID Migraine™ had a better health-related quality of life. The self-reported social health score of nursing students was much worse compared to standardized reference scores for the general population in Greece. Conclusions. Preventing migraine and improving students' health-related quality of life should involve a variety of interventions such as psychosocial support and health promotion, stress management, as well as healthy sleeping and eating habits.

8.
Indian Journal of Dental Research ; 33(3):267-271, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2217242

ABSTRACT

Background: The health and life of a healthcare worker are repeatedly under threat due to the rising number of epidemics and pandemics. The COVID-19 pandemic is said to be fatal in people with a risky biological, demographic profile and working environment. This study is the first of its kind carried out on the dentist population from India, who were most affected during the COVID-19 pandemic. Aims and Objective: The present study aims to assess the biological risk of dentists based on the objective risk stratification (ORS) tool developed by Strain et al. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of dentists in government dental colleges of Kerala using the online form of the ORS tool consisting of questions which included certain demographic characteristics and comorbid conditions of the individual. An additional question was added to the tool, to categorise the work of the dentist depending on the exposure to aerosol (non-aerosol, minimal aerosol and aerosol). Results: Out of the 74 dentists, 48.6% reported high aerosol and 31% with minimal aerosol. The median score of the study participants was 2 (ranging from 1 to 12). Using the ORS tool, 16.2% had medium risk and only 2.7% had high risk. When the ORS tool was stratified with the aerosol generation, 5.4% had minimal and 6.7% had significant with medium-risk scores. Also, 2.7% with a high-risk score had minimal aerosol generation. Conclusion: Identifying the high-risk category to allocate duties accordingly and decrease the morbidity and mortality among dentists has to be kept a top priority in the event of a pandemic.

9.
Frontiers in Public Health ; 10:1012146, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2215444

ABSTRACT

Background: We have reported both perceived benefits and harms of the COVID-19 outbreak and their socioeconomic disparities amid the pandemic in Hong Kong. We further investigated whether such perceptions and disparities had changed after 10 months.

10.
Frontiers in Public Health ; 10:997626, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2215429

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic has considerably affected human beings most of whom are healthcare workers (HCWs) combating the disease in the front line.

11.
Frontiers in Public Health ; 10:994443, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2215427

ABSTRACT

Burnout is an epidemic, with deleterious effects on individuals, patient care, and healthcare systems. The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic may be exacerbating this problem. We aimed to explore socio-cultural and gender norms that modulate burnout development in physicians during the pandemic and analyze any disparities associated with gender, marital and immigration status and work-life balance. We conducted an online cross-sectional survey of physicians (August-November, 2021): The Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS) was used to measure burnout, combined with a validated survey assessing work-life balance. Demographic data was obtained for each participant. MBI-HSS subscales were measured, along with work and home related changes due to COVID-19. The association between life changes due to COVID-19 and odds of burnout was estimated by logistic regression. Complementary analysis was performed to determine factors most associated with burnout. 352 respondents were analyzed. There was a high prevalence of burnout. Over half of individuals reported a high degree of emotional exhaustion (EE) (56%). 83% of individuals reported at least one life factor changed due to COVID-19. Home-related life changes due to COVID-19 were associated with 143% higher odds of emotional burnout [adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 2.43;95% confidence interval (CI) 1.49, 3.98] after covariate adjusted analysis. High EE was most evident when there were three or more life changes, suggesting a cumulative effect. First-generation immigrants, older physicians, and trainees were identified as protective factors. Although female gender was identified as a factor related to EE through forward selection, this was not statistically significant (aOR 1.34;95% CI 0.80, 2.24). Burnout remains pervasive among physicians. We highlight new risk factors for EE (home-life changes due to COVID-19), and protective factors (first-generation immigrants) not previously explored. Understanding burnout and its disparities allows for improved mitigation strategies, decreasing its deleterious effects.

12.
Frontiers in Public Health ; 10:993831, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2215425

ABSTRACT

Aim: COVID-19 patients' security is related to their mental health. However, the classification of this group's sense of security is still unclear. The aim of our research is to clarify the subtypes of security of patients infected with COVID-19, explore the factors affecting profile membership, and examine the relationship between security and psychological capital for the purpose of providing a reference for improving patients' sense of security and mental health.

13.
Frontiers in Public Health ; 10:983197, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2215417

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 pandemic disrupted the social and economic norms. Knowledge, Attitude and Practices studies are used to address the information gap for further strategic decision making to control the pandemic. This study aimed to find the level of Knowledge, Awareness, Attitudes, and behavioral practices of the people of Afghanistan about the COVID-19 and its impact on health and socio-economic dimension of their routine lives. We used a cross-sectional method with two stage sampling design. Data analysis was performed using SPSS v.20. The survey focused on adults including men and women all over the country to represent the country, including the urban and rural areas. Most of the respondents are in the age group of 21-30 years (46.5%);60.15% of the participants are married. Almost 75% of females and 84% of males were literate and most participants have a bachelor's degree (34%). More than 80% of participants knew they can prevent themselves from contacting COVID-19 through hand washing frequently with soap and water and wearing a mask. More than 80% of participants responded that they would go for a lab test for detection of the virus as well as COVID-19 vaccination if it is available. Almost 35% reported always wearing a mask to prevent COVID-19 transmission;more than half of participants always wash their hands, more than 60% of them do not touch their eyes, nose, and mouth frequently. Nearly 60% of participants indicated that their household had problems satisfying food needs partly during the COVID-19 pandemic. Nearly half of participants believed that the government was successful in applying lockdown measures and in awareness rising (56.8 and 69.8%). The study findings provide some useful insight about the KAP of communities in Afghanistan, which could assist policy makers in public health to design and implement interventions based on the information gaps reported.

14.
Frontiers in Public Health ; 10:921494, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2215402

ABSTRACT

Background: Many countries have recommended using face masks for the general population in public places to reduce the risk of COVID-19 transmission. This study aimed to assess the effects of socioeconomic status on face mask use among pedestrians during the COVID-19 pandemic.

15.
Frontiers in Public Health ; 10:914121, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2215401

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Understanding the epidemiological dynamics of disease control, as well as the effectiveness, compliance, and success of the vaccination program requires an understanding of the local population's knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding the Corona Virus Disease of 2019 (COVID-19) vaccine. Thus, the objective of this study was to assess knowledge, attitude, and practice toward COVID-19 vaccination and associated factors among the general public.

16.
International Journal of Gynaecology & Obstetrics ; 159 Suppl 1:137-153, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2172998

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To compare women's perspectives on the quality of maternal and newborn care (QMNC) around the time of childbirth across Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics 2 (NUTS-II) regions in Portugal during the COVID-19 pandemic.

17.
JAMA Network Open ; 5(12):e2247704, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2172229

ABSTRACT

Importance: Real-world evidence of SARS-CoV-2 transmission is needed to understand the prevalence of infection in the Japanese population.

18.
JAMA Health Forum ; 3(12):e224732, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2172196

ABSTRACT

Importance: COVID-19 relief legislation created a temporary moratorium on Medicaid disenrollment, but when the public health emergency ends, states will begin to "unwind" Medicaid enrollment. Prepandemic data shed light on factors that can affect Medicaid coverage stability.

19.
BMC Public Health ; 22:1-9, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2171276

ABSTRACT

Background Lebanon has been gripped by an economic crisis and the local currency has lost more than 90% of its value;besides, a lack of consistent electricity supply which has contributed to rising concerns about food safety especially among households. This study aimed to assess Lebanese society knowledge, attitude and practice towards food safety during the economic crisis. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted in Lebanon between September 5 and January 30, 2021. Data was collected through an online survey that included information on socio-demographic characteristics, knowledge, attitude and practice of Lebanese consumers towards food safety. Two multivariate regression models were performed on the knowledge and practices as a dependent variable. 95% confidence interval was calculated. All tests were two-sided and statistical significance was set at p-value < 0.05. Results The majority of participants had good knowledge regarding food safety (74.9%) while more than half of the respondents adopted good preventive practices (62.8%). Multivariate regression of factors associated with good knowledge regarding food safety showed married participants (adjusted OR = 2.1;p < 0.0001), who had university degree and above (adjusted OR = 2.0;p < 0.0001), and who had income < 1,500,000 LBP (adjusted OR = 1.7;p < 0.0001) had a significantly good knowledge score compared to their counterparts. Finally, participants aged more than 35 years old and who had income higher than 1,500,000 LBP (adjusted OR = 1.8;p < 0.0001 and adjusted OR = 1.9;p = 0.01 respectively) were positively associated to good practice towards food safety. Conclusion This study offers useful insights into the knowledge, attitude and practices of Lebanese consumers towards food safety during the economic crisis.

20.
Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ ; 32(1):228-235, 2023.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2170074

ABSTRACT

Most of the published reports of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) surveys with regard to the COVID-19 pandemic are on healthy population or selective groups. We hypothesised that knowledge gap regarding COVID-appropriate behaviour (face-mask use technique and hand hygiene) was responsible for the spread of COVID-19 infection. The participants of our study were unique in the sense that they were already afflicted with COVID-19 infection before getting enrolled in the study. We conducted an online questionnaire-based survey among the COVID-19 positive patients admitted at the district COVID Care Centre at Vidisha, Madhya Pradesh, India to study the KAP of COVID-appropriate behaviour of individuals already afflicted with COVID-19. Two-hundred COVID-19 positive patients were approached, out of which 175 consented and participated in the survey, a response rate of >85.0%. The average knowledge score was 3.21+/-1.85 (out of 5). The average attitude score was 9.51+/-4.94 (out of 35). The average practice score was 12.4 (out of 72). Knowledge, attitude as well as practice scores were higher for the participants who were young (18 to 37 years of age), had higher education (university) and those with higher monthly income (>?10,000 per month). No significant difference was noted in these scores based on gender, and on the place of residence (rural vs. urban). Positive correlation was noted using Spearman's rank correlation coefficient for the practice of COVID-appropriate behaviour with higher knowledge and attitude scores. Overall, the KAP scores of our study participants were poor. Low knowledge scores were associated with still lower attitude scores for COVID-appropriate behaviour. The strong positive correlation was noted between knowledge, attitude and practice. The results of this KAP survey suggest the need to improve dissemination of knowledge and suitable modification of messaging strategies to improve attitude as well as practice of COVID-appropriate behaviour among the population.

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