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1.
Archives of psychiatry research ; 58(1):63-72, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1879725

ABSTRACT

Background: East Java Area is the epicentre of COVID-19 transmission with the largest number of cases and the highest death rate in Indonesia. This pandemic has created a stigma that can lessen the quality of life. This study was con-ducted to find a model of predictor factors that affect the stigma of society during the COVID-19 pandemic. Method: This study involved 322 respondents in East Java, Indonesia and used multivariate analysis with the PLS (Partial Least Square) method to determine the relationship between several variables. The studied variables were demographics (age, gender, educational level, and occupation), attitudes, knowledge, behaviour, stigma and acceptance. Result: Stigma since the CO-VID-19 pandemic outbreak was influenced by demographic, knowledge and behaviour factors, while the attitude variable in this study did not affect the occurrence of stigma. Knowledge aspect had a positive relationship with stigma. The higher the knowledge of the respondents in this study, the higher the tendency to produce stigma. Likewise for demographic variables. Meanwhile, behaviour aspect indicated a negative relationship. Conclusion: The factors that influence stigma, starting from the most powerful are behaviour, knowledge and demographics. This model is a recommendation for the government to improve the quality of life of the people and reduce the spread of COVID-19. © 2022 KBCSM, Zagreb.

2.
Ensuring adult and non-traditional learners' success with technology, design, and structure ; : 59-70, 2021.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-1879526

ABSTRACT

The chapter will be divided into three sections. The first section provides a brief look at the history and inception of online degree programs, supporting technology, learning platforms, and the early demographics of the typical online degree seeking student. The second section will address the changing online degree student demographics of the past five years, organizational expectations of graduating students, and the stagnant online learning model that is less than effective in student skills acquisition and knowledge retention. The third will address the COVID-19 effect on online learning, degree-student demographics, the cultural shifts that are emerging in the student population, and the need for new interactive online models to engage the student. This section will also address the need for new models of online training for faculty to provide a quality educational environment for the online student. The chapter will close with assumptions about the future of online degree programs. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

3.
Behav Sci (Basel) ; 12(5)2022 May 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1875495

ABSTRACT

The increase in active travel contributes to maintaining the minimum rate of physical activity and therefore has a positive impact on inhabitants' public health. The level of walking for daily transport has decreased significantly during the last decades in Temuco, Chile. This study examined the contribution of socio-demographic factors, active family environment, and built environment factors to walking behavior and walking level based on three types of destination in Temuco. The results of Encuesta Origin Destino (EOD 2013), geographic information system (GIS), and, finally, hierarchical multiple regression analysis were used to examine the objectives. Correlations were found between total walking behavior, walking level based on three destination types, and several socio-demographic factors such as age, gender, and access to TV and Internet. Furthermore, correlations were found between walking behavior and active family environment, as well as several built environment factors. For instance, the higher mixed land use as well as number of parks and plazas contribute towards more overall walking as well as two types of walking. Identifying that most persons who walk come from low-income families and the negative impact of network connectivity on overall walking are the major differences between this context and developed countries.

4.
J Prim Care Community Health ; 13: 21501319221074470, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1874985

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Before the COVID-19 pandemic, Guinea has been the epicenter of the huge West Africa Ebola outbreak (2014-2016), that impact heavily the health system. Demographic information is one of the most basic data sources for health systems and services delivery, and yet can be very difficult to obtain with any accuracy. The objectives were to contribute among other to: (i) a determination of the catchment area (health coverage area and responsibility) of the Kirikilan health facility (PCM); (ii) geocoded mapping to find out exactly where these populations per sector of Kirikilan neighborhood lives; (iii) an approach for regular and systematic annual demographic follow up of target populations. METHODS: The study was a 3-year community-based survey with annual follow up of the population within the quartier of Kirikilan in Dubreka Prefecture in Guinea. It was an exhaustive enumeration of the population, sector by sector of the quartier, then there was no sampling size neither estimation. RESULTS: In October 2017 as a baseline of the study, the enumeration showed the total population was 8824 persons, 936 compounds, 1435 households, and the breakdown by sub quartier (sector) has been performed. It's showed the interest of the mapping of the target populations with geo-referenced localization. The annual follow up by demographic enumerus showed a dramatic increase of the size of the population, including strong migration of the evicted population due to urbanization purpose in some districts of Conakry, the capital. CONCLUSION: The study showed the importance of the enumeration and follow up of the target populations, but also of the setting up community data based to improve the district health information system (DHIS 2) in Guinea. The approach has a best practice could be an importunity to improve data sharing, mapping, health quality access, and affordability for a sustainable health toward universal health coverage.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Hemorrhagic Fever, Ebola , Disease Outbreaks , Guinea/epidemiology , Hemorrhagic Fever, Ebola/epidemiology , Humans , Pandemics
5.
The International Archives of Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences ; XLIII-B4-2022:111-116, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1870915

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 was first declared by World Health Organization (WHO) as global pandemic on March 11th 2020. While most of COVID-related studies have focused on epidemiological perspective, the spatial analysis of disease outbreak is also important to provide perceptions of transmission rates. Therefore, this paper attempts to identify the potential factors contributing to the COVID-19 incidence rate at provincial-level in Canada. Three statistical regression models, ordinary least squares (OLS), spatial error model, and spatial lag model (SLM) were applied to 14 independent variables including socio-demographic, economic, weather, health and facilities related factors. The results indicated that three factors including median income, diabetes and unemployment significantly affected the COVID-19 rates in Canada. Among three global models, the SLM performed the best to explain the key variables and spatial variability of disease incidence with a R2 value of 61%. However, in this study, the application of local regression models such as geographically weighted regression (GWR) and multiscale GWR (MGWR) have not been considered and this could be a scope for the future research.

6.
Frontiers in Communication ; 7:6, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1869351

ABSTRACT

IntroductionCOVID-19 disproportionally affects U.S. Hispanic and Latinx individuals. Guided by the Health Belief Model, we examined COVID-19 beliefs among Hispanic and Latinx adults in Virginia. MethodRespondents (n = 414) were Hispanic and/or Latinx adults in Virginia recruited via Qualtrics panel between May and September 2021. Approximately two-thirds completed the survey in English (63.0%), and one-third completed the survey in Spanish (37.0%). ResultsMost respondents self-reported as vaccinated (72%). Vaccinated respondents reported greater perceived severity and susceptibility to COVID-19 than unvaccinated respondents. Perceived benefits and barriers to vaccination were identified among vaccinated and unvaccinated respondents, respectively. Among unvaccinated respondents, self-efficacy was greater for individuals who planned to get vaccinated compared with those who did not or were unsure. For cues-to-action, vaccinated and unvaccinated respondents identified credible sources and channels for COVID-19 information. ConclusionOur results highlight several opportunities and challenges to promoting COVID-19 awareness and vaccination among Hispanic and Latinx adults.

7.
International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management ; : 35, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1868462

ABSTRACT

Purpose - This study aims to simultaneously examine the influence of demographic. psychographic and situational factors on consumers' willingness to pay a price premium (WTPp) for robotic restaurants and to profile market segments based on consumers WTPp levels (positive, neutral and negative). Design/methodology/approach - Using an online survey, the data were gathered from a sample of 897 Thai consumers who had dined at a robotic restaurant in the past 12 months. Structural equation modeling, chi-square tests and the one-way analysis of variance were used for data analysis. Findings - Demographic (gender, age, income and marital status), psychographic (perceived advantages/disadvantages, personal innovativens and personality traits) and situational factors (perceived health risk and self-protection behavior) significantly influence consumers' WTPp for robotic restaurants. The positive price premium group differs significantly from the neutral and negative price premium groups in terms of demographic, psychographic and situational profiles. Practical implications - The findings of this study help restaurateurs target the correct customers and set up appropriate price fences to safeguard profits and maximize return on investment. Originality/value - This study contributes to the literature on technology-based services and hospitality by heeding the calls made by lvanov and Webster (2021) and providing much-nwded empirical evidence of possible changes in consumers' WTPp for robot-delivered services in restaurants due to COVID-19.

8.
Journal of Chinese Economic and Foreign Trade Studies ; 15(2):125-149, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1865058

ABSTRACT

Purpose>This purpose of this paper is to explore China’s choice to focus early Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) Africa outreach on Eastern Africa. The BRI specifically seeks to achieve ten economic and policy objectives, as outlined in the two launch speeches of 2013. In terms of realising these, the economic development and digitisation levels, that progress of the demographic transition, and the important security context of the sub-region, logically make East Africa relatively important to BRI in continental context. Kenya specifically is important in being an African frontier therein, and, also, because it shares a few important borders with landlocked countries, including Ethiopia, Sudan and Uganda, alongside a strategic coast and ports. From this lens, as well the fact that in the Ming Dynasty Chinese fleets reached what is modern-day Kenya, China’s early BRI outreach to Africa having had a historical precedent in initially focusing on Eastern Africa, might be usefully understood.Design/methodology/approach>To realise that aim a comprehensive survey of related literature and policy documents, in Chinese, English and Swahili, was undertaken and relevant data compiled and analysed.Findings>To the best of the authors’ knowledge, first, this paper is the first to argue that the Belt and Road Initiative in Africa may build on long-run logic in terms of economics, demographic change and security. This provides a contrary perspective to the pre-existing established “debt trap diplomacy” and no consistent logic narratives. Second, it is the first to offer a synthesised analysis of the BRI in Africa, East Africa specifically, looking across economic, demographic and security angles.Research limitations/implications>The paper is a synthesis of development and regional economics literature that forges some prospective rationales only. It is not an empirical research paper drawing very specific and definitive conclusions.Practical implications>Amid widespread geo-economic tensions and uncertainty, around the Belt and Road Initiative in particular, this paper offers a new economic development-oriented logic for the choice of an important node of the China's Belt and Road Initiative, that of East Africa, Kenya especially. This may impact existing related narratives and policy responses.Social implications>Equivalently to the above this may then have an impact on the ground in East Africa and beyond.Originality/value>The first such or even close to synthesis.

9.
International Perspectives in Psychology: Research, Practice, Consultation ; 11(2):112-124, 2022.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-1860294

ABSTRACT

Despite advances in COVID-19 vaccine development, global immunization has proceeded slowly, with low-income countries being disadvantaged in the distribution of vaccines (York, 2020). Hence, a large portion of the global population will remain unprotected against the virus unless they strictly keep up with the prevention measures. To support the UN Sustainable Goal 3 and related targets of improving prevention efforts to promote good health and well-being, this paper shares participants' adherence to recommended prevention behaviors and their relationship to demographic characteristics, personal health beliefs, and well-being across a large, nonrandomized sample from over 60 countries. The findings indicate more variability in adherence to behaviors within countries than between them, with women and those with more education and subjective socioeconomic status being more compliant with prevention recommendations. Positive feelings toward one's ability to stay healthy impacted behavior more than fear of contracting the disease. Implications for the importance of prevention science to further positive behavior change supporting the UN Sustainable Goal of promoting health and well-being are highlighted. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved) Impact Statement Impact and Implications.-To advance the UN Sustainable Goal 3 of promoting health and well-being, particularly among those less economically advantaged countries, we require a better understanding of how to support healthy behaviors. This study furthers our knowledge of prevention science and informs how to target interventions to help people change their behaviors to improve their health and well-being. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

10.
J Transp Geogr ; 101: 103349, 2022 May.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1859951

ABSTRACT

The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic is an unprecedented global health crisis and the effects may be related to environmental and socio-economic factors. In São Paulo, Brazil, the first death occurred in March 2020 and since then the numbers have grown to 175 new deaths per day in April 2021, positioning the city as the epicenter of the number of cases and deaths in Brazil. São Paulo is one of the largest cities in the world with more than 12 million inhabitants, a fleet of about 8 million vehicles and frequent pollutant concentrations above recommended values. Social inequalities are evident in the municipality, similarly to other cities in the world. This paper focuses on transportation activities related to air pollution and associated with cardiovascular and respiratory diseases especially on people who developed comorbidities during their whole life. This study relates travel trip data to air quality analysis and expanded to COVID-19 disease. This work studied the relationship of deaths in São Paulo due to COVID-19 with demographic density, with family income, with the use of public transport and with atmospheric pollution for the period between March 17th, 2020 and April 29th, 2021. The main results showed that generally passenger kilometers traveled, commuting times and air quality related diseases increase with residential distance from the city center, and thus, with decreasing residential density. PM2.5 concentrations are positively correlated with COVID-19 deaths, regions with high urban densities have higher numbers of deaths and long-distance frequent trips can contribute to spread of the disease.

11.
Regionologiya-Regionology Russian Journal of Regional Studies ; 30(1):155-177, 2022.
Article in Russian | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1856408

ABSTRACT

Introduction. The COVID-19 pandemic has had a strong impact on the main components of demographic dynamics: mortality has increased everywhere, migration has practically stopped. In this regard, it is relevant to assess the contribution of international migration to the formation of the population of rural areas of Russia. The purpose of this study is to analyze the current demographic situation in rural areas of the Russian Federation and propose measures to minimize the consequences of the pandemic. Materials and Methods. The data of Rosstat (the Federal State Statistics Service), government bodies of the Russian Federation, international organizations, publications of scientists studying the problems of the population were used. To summarize literary sources content analysis was used. The study of demographic dynamics was carried out using the methods of statistical analysis, tabular method, generalization and interpretation of the obtained results. Results. The study reveals that the pandemic has had a negative impact on the demographic situation in rural areas and may have a delayed negative effect due to a sharp decline in the number of foreign migrants. The risks of death for people living in rural areas are increasing due to the large proportion of older people in its composition, as well as the lower physical accessibility of medical services. The analysis makes it possible to establish that the main factor in the reproduction of the rural population of the Russian Federation in 1990 - 2018 made by international migration. The sanitary restrictions introduced in 2020 and significantly extended for 2021 can have a significant impact on the reproduction of the rural population of our country, as well as its labor potential. Measures are proposed to minimize the impact of the pandemic on the reproduction of the rural population. Discussion and Conclusion. The study shows that the only factor that has a positive impact on the demographic dynamics in rural areas of the Russian Federation is international migration, which has sharply decreased in the context of the pandemic. The practical significance of the study is the possibility of using its results when adjusting federal and regional programs aimed at stabilizing the demographic situation in rural areas of the Russian Federation.

12.
Flora Infeksiyon Hastaliklari Ve Klinik Mikrobiyoloji Dergisi ; 27(1):158-176, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1856147

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Pediatric COVID-19 cases are typically known to be mildly symptomatic and show a good prognosis. However, more severe condition termed Multisystem inflammatory syndrome (MIS-C) is encountered in children. This research aimed to evaluate the differences between MIS-C and non-MIS-C (children who were infected with SARS-CoV-2 but did not develop MIS-C) patients according to demographics, comorbidities, and symptoms conditions, as well as clinical, laboratory, radiological findings, treatment, and prognosis. Materials and Methods: This systematic review and meta-analysis were performed in accordance with PRISMA guidelines using electronic databases of PubMed, Scopus, Science-Direct, and LitCovid including articles on observational studies comparing the MIS-C and non-MIS-C cases published between 01 January 2020-15 January 2021. Results: Seventeen articles meeting the criteria were included. No difference was found in terms of gender and age from the demographic characteristics of the MIS-C and non-MIS-C groups. Black race and clinical findings such as fever, rash, fatigue, loss of appetite, vomiting and diarrhea, and laboratory findings CRP and ferritin were found to be higher in the MISC group compared to the nonMISC group (p<0.05). Cardiac complications, use of some medical treatments (steroids, IVIG, inotropic therapy), and need for intensive care were also higher (p< 0.05). Conversely, the presence of comorbidity, presence of rhinoirhea, hemoglobin, lymphocyte, and platelet values were higher in the non-MIS-C group (p< 0.05). Conclusion: Evaluation of MIS-C and non-MIS-C patients for various characteristics revealed differences that will guide the diagnosis of and approach to MIS-C cases.

13.
J Health Monit ; 6(Suppl 6): 2-21, 2021 Oct.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1856612

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has brought about great changes to the everyday lives of the population in Germany. Social distancing, working from home and other measures to contain the pandemic are essentially dominating everyday life. With data from the CORONA HEALTH App study we analysed the quality of life of the adult population in Germany during the COVID-19 pandemic and identified possible risk factors for a poor quality of life. In the app-based survey carried out between July and December 2020, 1,396 respondents (women 46.5%, men 52.7%, diverse 0.9%; mean age (mean) 42.0 years (standard deviation=13.4)) provided information on their quality of life using the World Health Organization Quality of Life Questionnaire (WHOQOL-BREF). Univariate and multivariate regression was used to examine differences in quality of life between different groups of people during the COVID-19 pandemic and their associations with selected predictors. In summary, women, younger persons and job seekers or those who saw their work hours reduced or who could not pursue their regular jobs presented a lower quality of life in individual areas of life than the respective reference group. On the other hand, a setting that combines working from home and at the regular workplace, as well as living together with other people, showed partly positive associations with quality of life. The results have implications for public health interventions as they highlight groups requiring closer attention and sufficient support services.

14.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 12: 905817, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1855323
15.
Can J Nurs Res ; : 8445621221098833, 2022 May 17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1854648

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Nursing is a high-risk profession and nurses' exposure to workplace risk factors such as heavy workloads and inadequate staffing is well documented. The COVID-19 pandemic has exacerbated nurses' exposure to workplace risk factors, further deteriorating their mental health. Therefore, it is both timely and important to determine nursing groups in greatest need of mental health interventions and supports. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to provide a granular examination of the differences in nurse mental health across nurse demographic and workplace characteristics before and after COVID-19 was declared a pandemic. METHODS: This secondary analysis used survey data from two cross-sectional studies with samples (Time 1 study, 5,512 nurses; Time 2, 4,523) recruited from the nursing membership (∼48,000) of the British Columbia nurses' union. Data was analyzed at each timepoint using descriptive statistics and ordinal logistic regression. RESULTS: Several demographic and workplace characteristics were found to predict significant differences in the number of positive screenings on measures of poor mental health. Most importantly, in both survey times younger age was a strong predictor of worse mental health, as was full-time employment. Nurse workplace health authority was also a significant predictor of worse mental health. CONCLUSIONS: Structural and psychological strategies must be in place, proactively and preventively, to buffer nurses against workplace challenges that are likely to increase during the COVID-19 crisis.

16.
Expert Rev Vaccines ; : 1-11, 2022 Jun 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1852791

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The waning of the protective effect of COVID-19 vaccines and timing of booster doses are debated. METHODS: Population-based cohort study in the largest Health-Authority of Lazio region, Italy, on 946,156 residents aged 12+ (study period: 1 January 2021-10 January 2022). Vaccine effectiveness (VE) against any SARS-CoV-2 infection (symptomatic or asymptomatic) was estimated through multivariable negative-binomial models using unvaccinated person-time as a reference. RESULTS: The primary vaccination cycle was completed by 81% of residents; of these, 45% received a booster dose. Vaccine coverages were lower for foreigners, and people living in deprived areas, families with children aged 0-11, and households size 1 or 6+. Overall, VE waned from 71% (95% Confidence Interval (CI) 70-73%) 1 month after the second dose to 43% (CI 41-45%) after 4 months and 24% (CI 21-27%) after 6 months, especially in the elderly aged 70+. We observed a prompt restore of VE 15-19 days after the booster dose (69%, CI 67-70%). CONCLUSIONS: Our results support the recommendation of a booster dose 4 months after completion of the primary cycle, giving priority to elderly and fragile individuals. The lower vaccine coverage among social disadvantaged subgroups suggests the need of targeted communication and interventions.

17.
Journal of Advances in Medical and Biomedical Research ; 30(140):269-274, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1848096

ABSTRACT

Background & Objective: COVID-19 is a serious disease with different symptoms and risk factors infecting and killing many people around the world. This study was performed to investigate the demographic and clinical characteristics of COVID-19 suspects referred to the hospitals and coronavirus treatment centers of Shahroud, Iran. Materials & Methods: Upon the outbreak of the COVID-19 epidemic in Shahroud, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences launched a project to systematically record the demographic, clinical, and medical data of all suspects referred to the Corona Center. In this study, the data of 3945 suspected people collected during 5 months were analyzed. The RT-PCR test was used as the criterion for diagnosing the disease. Results: Among 3945 suspected cases, 24.4% had positive RT-PCR test. The mean age of confirmed cases was 52.16 years. Dry cough and fever in addition to anorexia were reported as the most common symptoms. The results of logistic regression analysis showed that people over 60 years with heart disease reduce the risk, while people over 60 years, diabetics, and obese people increase the risk of infection. Conclusion: These results necessitate further lines of research into different symptoms and risk factors to help identify COVID-19 cases earlier and start faster treatment. © 2022, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences and Health Services. All rights reserved.

18.
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health ; 19(9):5705, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1837429

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to analyze the effects of lockdown using natural language processing techniques, particularly sentiment analysis methods applied at large scale. Further, our work searches to analyze the impact of COVID-19 on the university community, jointly on staff and students, and with a multi-country perspective. The main findings of this work show that the most often related words were “family”, “anxiety”, “house”, and “life”. Besides this finding, we also have shown that staff have a slightly less negative perception of the consequences of COVID-19 in their daily life. We have used artificial intelligence models such as swivel embedding and a multilayer perceptron as classification algorithms. The performance that was reached in terms of accuracy metrics was 88.8% and 88.5% for students and staff, respectively. The main conclusion of our study is that higher education institutions and policymakers around the world may benefit from these findings while formulating policy recommendations and strategies to support students during this and any future pandemics.

20.
International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1831622

ABSTRACT

Purpose: The aim of this study was to develop a smart wearable mask designed for the prevention of respiratory infectious diseases by understanding consumer's preferences in designs and functions of the smart wearable masks. Design/methodology/approach: To develop a smart mask design, a survey was conducted on Chinese consumers in their 20–40s and analyzed their mask wearing behaviors, preferences and caring aspects of masks. The collected data were analyzed to identify the demographic characteristics of the subjects surveyed by using the SPSS program, and technical statistical analysis was conducted. To identify differences in demographic characteristics, an independent samples t-test, one-way analysis of variance and Scheffe's ad hoc test were conducted. Findings: Based on the research results, design guidelines for wearable masks were defined, and four wearable mask designs were developed and presented in 2D and 3D images based on the design guidelines. There were significant differences among people with different backgrounds. Originality/value: It is significant that this research presents smart wearable mask design guidelines and designs through supplementation and improvement of existing mask. It is expected that this research provides basic empirical data for mask designs through the planning of smart wearable mask designs and surveys assessing consumer perceptions, attitudes and satisfaction. © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited.

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