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Russian Journal of Infection and Immunity ; 12(6):1191-1196, 2022.
Article in Russian | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2246109


The COVID-19 pandemic is a worldwide problem. The clinical spectrum of SARS-CoV-2 infection varies from asymptomatic or paucity-symptomatic forms to conditions such as pneumonia, acute respiratory distress syndrome and multiple organ failure. Objective was to describe a clinical case of SARS-CoV-2 infection in the patient with sarcoidosis and cardiovascular pathology developing acute respiratory syndrome and lung edema. Material and methods. There were analyzed accompanying medical documentation (outpatient chart, medical history), clinical and morphological histology data (description of macro- and micro-preparations) using hematoxylin and eosin staining. Results. Lung histological examination revealed signs of diffuse alveolar damage such as hyaline membranes lining and following the contours of the alveolar walls. Areas of necrosis and desquamation of the alveolar epithelium in the form of scattered cells or layers, areas of hemorrhages and hemosiderophages are detected in the alveolar walls. In the lumen of the alveoli, a sloughed epithelium with a hemorrhagic component, few multinucleated cells, macrophages, protein masses, and accumulated edematous fluid were determined. Pulmonary vessels are moderately full-blooded, surrounded by perivascular infiltrates. Signs of lung sarcoidosis were revealed. Histological examination found epithelioid cell granulomas consisting of mononuclear phagocytes and lymphocytes, without signs of necrosis. Granulomas with a proliferative component and hemorrhage sites were determined. Giant cells with cytoplasmic inclusions were detected — asteroid corpuscles and Schauman corpuscles. Non-caseous granulomas consisting of clusters of epithelioid histiocytes and giant Langhans cells surrounded by lymphocytes were detected in the lymph nodes of the lung roots. Hamazaki–Wesenberg corpuscles inside giant cells were found in the zones of peripheral sinuses of lymph nodes. In the lumen of the bronchi, there was found fully exfoliated epithelium, mucus. Granulomas are mainly observed subendothelially on the mucous membrane, without caseous necrosis. Histological examination of the cardiovascular system revealed fragmentation of some cardiomyocytes, cardiomyocyte focal hypertrophy along with moderate interstitial edema, erythrocyte sludge. Zones of small focal sclerosis were determined. The vessels of the microcirculatory bed are anemic, with hypertrophy of the walls in small arteries and arterioles. Virological examination of the sectional material in the lungs revealed SARS-CoV-2 RNA. Conclusion. Based on the data of medical documentation and the results of a post-mortem examination, it follows that the cause of death of the patient R.A., 50 years old, was a new coronavirus infection COVID-19 that resulted in bilateral total viral pneumonia. Сo-morbidity with competing diseases such as lung sarcoidosis and cardiovascular diseases aggravated the disease course, led to the development of early ARDS and affected the lethal outcome.

Russian Journal of Infection and Immunity ; 12(6):1029-1039, 2022.
Article in Russian | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2239260


Currently, the disease caused by the new coronavirus (COVID-19) and the possibility of co-infection with SARS-CoV-2 and other pathogens in the current epidemic situation continues to be of particular interest. The review, based on the analysis of literature and own materials, outlines the features of the relationship between SARS-CoV-2 and pathogens of acute respiratory viral infections (ARVI). Particular attention is paid to the combined course of COVID-19 and influenza, a comparative characteristic of the severity of the clinical picture. An assessment of the epidemic situation against the backdrop of the COVID-19 pandemic in foreign countries and the Russian Federation (RF) revealed the presence of the phenomenon of SARS-CoV-2 interference with other viral respiratory agents, based on the facts of a sharp suppression of the circulation of influenza viruses, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and other ARVI pathogens during the period of active spread of pandemic coronavirus. The main epidemiological indicators of the course of coronavirus infection were compared and the contribution of various pathogens to the etiology of acute respiratory viral infections during the development of the second wave of COVID-19 in the RF was assessed. It was noted that the decrease in the number of new cases by 11.4 and deaths by 2.1 times due to COVID-19 at 6 and 13 weeks in 2022 occurred with unchanged laboratory detection of the influenza virus (0.8%) and an increase in the frequency detection of pathogens of other SARS. The results of observations showed that against the background of a decrease in the incidence of COVID-19, there was no increase in the proportion of diagnosed cases of infections caused by other pathogens, especially influenza. The results obtained confirm the need to ensure effective epidemiological surveillance and additional application of pathogen identification methods for monitoring various ARVI, which can significantly affect the approach to differential diagnosis, patient management tactics and the decision on appropriate preventive measures.

Turkish Journal of Biochemistry ; 47(5):672-679, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2227885


Objectives: Studies have shown that fibrinolysis activity is insufficient in COVID-19 patients. Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) is an important antifibrinolytic molecule that plays a key role in the fibrinolytic system. In our study;we aimed to evaluate serum PAI-1 and other biochemical parameters of COVID-19 patients in terms of disease course and mortality. Method(s): A total of 40 COVID-19 patients were hospitalized in the service and intensive care unit (ICU) of our hospital from October to December 2020 and 20 healthy volunteers were included in our study. The patients were grouped as those who transferred to the ICU from the service and transferred to service from the ICU. The first and second values of the same patients in both the service and the ICU were analyzed by SPSS. Result(s): The PAI-1 levels of the patients in the ICU were significantly higher than the levels of the same patients in the service and the healthy control group (p<0.001). IL-6, ferritin, and D-dimer levels in the ICU of the same patients were significantly higher than the levels of service and healthy control group (p<0.001). A positive correlation was found between initial serum PAI-1 and D-dimer levels in patients hospitalized in the service (p=0.039) and initial serum ferritin and IL-6 levels in the ICU (p=0.031). Conclusion(s): In our study, we found that PAI-1 levels increased significantly with the increase in mortality in COVID-19 patients. Copyright © 2022 the author(s), published by De Gruyter.

Journal of Pediatric Infection ; 61(4):274-279, 2022.
Article in Turkish | GIM | ID: covidwho-2226085
Journal of Tropical Medicine ; 22(6):827-831, 2022.
Article in Chinese | GIM | ID: covidwho-2225881
Vaccine Research ; 8(2):88-92, 2021.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-2207026
Journal of Biochemical Technology ; 13(3):67-70, 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-2206964
Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results ; 13:2420-2426, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2206729
Children Infections ; 21(3):18-21, 2022.
Article in Russian | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2205160
Texila International Journal of Public Health ; 10(3), 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-2204937
Kesmas: National Public Health Journal ; 17(4):264-269, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2204845
Journal of the Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases ; 96(3):65-73, 2022.
Article in Japanese | GIM | ID: covidwho-2203544
Sustainability and Climate Change ; 14(3):166-182, 2021.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-2188132
Pneumologie ; 76(12):850-851, 2022.
Article in German | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2186311
Chinese Journal of Nosocomiology ; 32(17):2579-2582, 2022.
Article in English, Chinese | GIM | ID: covidwho-2168893
Japanese Journal of Chemotherapy ; 69(5):361-366, 2021.
Article in Japanese | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2168769
Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science ; 52(3):374-381, 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-2168749
Lymphologie in Forschung und Praxis ; 24(3):91-95, 2020.
Article in German | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2168489
US ; Pharmacist. 47(12):1, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2167900