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1.
The Obstetrician & Gynaecologist ; JOUR(4):299-299, 24.
Article in English | CINAHL | ID: covidwho-2088321
2.
J Infect Chemother ; 2022 Oct 26.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2086443

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Favipiravir, an antiviral agent with activity against SARS-CoV-2, was made available to hospitals in Japan for off-label use among COVID-19 patients between 2020 and 2021. METHODS: A nationwide observational cohort study was conducted on patients who received favipiravir as part of clinical care between February 2020 and December 2021. Information was collected on demographics, comorbidities, severity of illness, use of favipiravir and other medications targeting COVID-19, adverse events, clinical status at 7 and 14 days and clinical outcome one month after admission to the hospital. RESULTS: A total of 17,508 hospitalized patients who received favipiravir were registered from 884 hospitals. In terms of demographics, 55.9% were age ≥60 years, and 62.3% were male. At least one of the four surveyed comorbidities was present in 45.5% of the patients. The rates of clinical improvement at 7 and 14 days were 72.4% and 87.5%, 61.4% and 76.6%, and 45.4% and 59.5% for mild, moderate, and severe diseases, respectively. The case fatality rates within a month from hospitalization were 3.3%, 12.6%, and 29.1% for mild, moderate, and severe diseases, respectively. Significant correlations were observed between death and advanced age, male sex, moderate or severe disease, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and immunosuppression. Commonly reported adverse events included uric acid level increase or hyperuricemia (16.8%), liver function abnormalities (6.9%), and rash (1.0%). CONCLUSIONS: Favipiravir was well tolerated among COVID-19 patients. The study provides insights into the use of this agent at hospitals across Japan in the early phase of the pandemic.

3.
Embase; 26.
Preprint in English | EMBASE | ID: ppcovidwho-346543

ABSTRACT

While significant attention has been paid to the immunologic determinants of disease states associated with COVID-191,2, their contributions to post-acute sequelae of COVID-19 (PASC) remain less clear3-5. Due to the wide array of PASC presentations6, it is critical to understand if specific features of the disease are associated with discrete immune processes, and whether those processes may be therapeutically targeted. To this end, we performed wide immunologic and serological characterization of patients in the early recovery phase of COVID-19 across a breadth of symptomatic presentations. Using high-parameter proteomics screening and applied machine learning (ML), we identify clear signatures of immunologic activity between PASC patients and uncomplicated recovery, dominated by inflammatory cytokine signaling, neutrophil activity, and markers of cell death. Consistent with disease complexity, heterogeneity in plasma profiling reveals distinct PASC subsets with striking divergence in these ongoing inflammatory processes, here termed plasma quiescent (plaq) and inflammatory (infl) PASC. In addition to elevated inflammatory blood proteomics, inflPASC patients display positive clinical tests of acute inflammation including C-reactive protein and fibrinogen, increased B cell activity with extrafollicular involvement coupled with elevated targeting of viral nucleocapsid protein and clinical autoreactivity. Further, the unique plasma signatures of PASC patients allowed for the creation of refined models with high sensitivity and specificity for the positive identification of inflPASC with a streamlined assessment of 12 blood markers. Additionally, refined ML modeling highlights the unexpected significance of several markers of potential diagnostic or therapeutic use for PASC in general, including the peptide hormone, epiregulin. In all, this work identifies clear biological signatures of PASC with potential diagnostic and therapeutic potential and establishes clear disease subtypes that are both easily identifiable and highly relevant to ongoing efforts in both therapeutic targeting and epidemiological investigation of this highly complex disease. Copyright The copyright holder for this preprint is the author/funder, who has granted medRxiv a license to display the preprint in perpetuity. All rights reserved. No reuse allowed without permission.

4.
Front Oncol ; 12: 1014786, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2080208

ABSTRACT

Background: The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has slowed down cancer prevention and treatment strategies; consequently, cancer patients are prioritized to get the COVID-19 vaccines. Being constantly threatened by a new outbreak, the dive within the immunogenicity response is of great value; nonetheless, evaluating the side effects of these vaccines on fragile patients will assure their adherence to the vaccination protocol. Objectives: This study sets out to investigate the adverse events reported about the vaccine according to its doses and types, and to compare the prevalence and severity of toxicities across two subgroups of cancer patients, those who received the injection during active therapy cycles, and those who have not started the therapy yet at vaccination time, moreover, this paper examines the will and commitment of this population to the vaccination schemes. Methods: This is an observational, retrospective, cohort study, in which we conducted a semi-constructed interview with 415 random solid cancer patients treated at the National Institute of Oncology in Morocco. The assessment of adverse events was carried out with a standardized scale. Results: Eleven months after the launch of the campaign, 75.2% of patients received at least one dose of the vaccine. Altogether, the analysis demonstrates a significant difference between the adverse effects reported post the second dose compared to the first one (p=0.004; odds ratio=2 [95% CI: 1.23 - 3.31]). Besides, the results indicate an increase in the rank of the severity of systemic events (p<0.001, r=0.28) after the second dose, but not for the local events (p=0.92, r=0.005). In the adjusted subgroup analysis, no effect was detected linking active therapy with the occurrence of toxicity (p=0.51, v=0.04) as well as with the level of severity reported after both; the first and second dose. Due to the fear of interactions with the therapy, we noticed a significant trend to delay the booster dose among the participants who completed the initial vaccine protocol. Conclusion: A considerable body of evidence exists to persuade cancer patients to take the Coronavirus vaccines, and to also follow their vaccination schemes under the supervision of their treating physicians.

5.
National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology ; 12(10):1669-1674, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2067050

ABSTRACT

From the etiology, the clinical manifestations to various diagnostic and treatment modalities as also the socioeconomic impact, clinical trials play a pivotal role in understanding every step of the disease process. [...]it is important that studies pertaining to various aspects of diseases must be evaluated meticulously and regularly. Procedure The data were collected from the CTRI website operated by the National Institute of Medical Statistics, Indian Council of Medical Research which is available in the public domain. (Various trials on drugs consisted of drug repurposing models, which included, antimalarial drugs - hydroxychloroquine and chloroquine;ART drugs - lopinavir and ritonavir;antiviral drugs - favipiravir and remdesivir;antiparasitic drugs - ivermectin;antibiotics - azithromycin;steroids - dexamethasone and methylprednisolone;minerals - zinc;and vitamins - Vitamin C and Vitamin D;biologics - tocilizumab, cytokine cocktail, convalescent plasma, itolizumab, and interferons;and vaccines - BCG vaccines and live or attenuated vaccines of SARS-CoV-2).

6.
Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine ; 26(10):1091-1098, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2066996

ABSTRACT

Background: It is known that coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pneumonia causes cytokine storm, and treatment modalities are being developed on inhibition of proinflammatory cytokines. We aimed to investigate the effects of anticytokine therapy on clinical improvement and the differences between anticytokine treatments. Method(s): A total of 90 patients with positive COVID-19 polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test were divided into three groups, group I (n = 30) was given anakinra, group II (n = 30) was given tocilizumab, and group III (n = 30) was given standard treatment. Group I was treated with anakinra for 10 days;tocilizumab, intravenously, was given in group II. Group III patients were selected from those who did not receive any anticytokine treatment other than the standard treatment. Laboratory values, Glasgow coma scale (GCS), and PaO2/FiO2 values were analyzed on days 1, 7, and 14. Result(s): The seventh-day mortality rates were 6.7% in group II, 23.3% in group I, and 16.7% in group III. In group II, the ferritin levels on the 7th and 14th days were significantly lower (p = 0.004), and the lymphocyte levels on the seventh day were significantly higher (p = 0.018). Examining the changes between the first intubation days, in the early period (seventh day), group I was found to be 21.7%, group II was 26.9%, and group III was 47.6%. Conclusion(s): We observed the positive effects of the use of tocilizumab on clinical improvement in the early period;mechanical ventilation requirement was delayed and at a lower rate. Anakinra treatment did not change mortality and PaO2/FiO2 rates. Mechanical ventilation requirements occurred earlier in the patients who were not receiving any anticytokine therapy. Studies with larger patient populations are needed to demonstrate the potential efficacy of anticytokine therapy. Copyright © The Author(s).

7.
International Journal of Pharmacology ; 18(7):1340-1352, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2066718

ABSTRACT

Paxlovid™ is a combination of Nirmatrelvir and Ritonavir antiviral pills with good oral bioavailability. In clinical studies, treatment of the patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 with Paxlovid™ within three to five days of the appearance of symptoms significantly reduced the hospitalization rate as well as mortality. It is the first oral antiviral treatment for the COVID-19 which received USFDA approval for EUA on 22nd December, 2021. Nirmatrelvir inhibits the replication of SARS-CoV-2 while another antiviral drug, Ritonavir, is given in combination to enhance the bioavailability of Nirmatrelvir. Molecular interaction studies have shown that Nirmatrelvir binds covalently with the catalytic triad of the active site of the viral protease enzyme (3CLPRO). It, therefore, acts by stopping the SARS-CoV-2 replication by its ability to block the translation of the viral genetic materials. Research studies conducted have proven the efficacy of this oral anti-viral drug in mild to moderate COVID-19 patients beside its ease of oral administration and good oral bioavailability. Alternative synthetic methods to scale up the synthesis of this potent molecule are needed to reduce the treatment cost of the COVID-19. Extensive clinical research on a larger group population is also underway for ensuring the safety and efficacy of this medication in the battle against the COVID-19 pandemic.

8.
Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences ; 10:1058-1061, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2066677

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: A novel coronavirus-caused pneumonia has been widespread worldwide since the end of 2019. The rapid widespread has prompted the repurposing of drugs based on promising in vitro and therapeutic results with other human coronavirus diseases. These repurposed drugs have mainly included remdesivir, favipiravir, lopinavirritonavir, ribavirin, interferons, and hydroxychloroquine. AIM: This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of any antiviral for 2019-nCoV infection in a national referral hospital. METHODS: This research was a retrospective study to evaluate all antiviral clinical responses used in a national referral hospital. RESULTS: Based on gender, there is a similar frequency from all patients. Hematology, followed by cardiovascular and pulmonary disease, is the most frequent comorbidity. There is no significant difference between the two groups antiviral treatment for a length of stay parameter. The most extended length of stay is 29 days. About 64.5% of patients are cured of SARS-Cov-2 infection. In the remdesivir group, we find that the mortality is significantly high. CONCLUSION: The clinical outcome of these antiviral treatments is similar, except for mortality. The severity of COVID-19 causes differences in mortality.

9.
Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences ; 10:1698-1705, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2066674

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The rapid worldwide spread of the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) or COVID-19 pandemic from its epicenter;Wuhan was first reported in December 2019. Egypt reported its first COVID-19 case on February 14, 2020. Thereafter, Egypt scaled-up preventive measures, with a partial lockdown starting on March 25. Several therapeutic agents along with convalescent plasma transfusion (CPT) are under investigation and data from CPTs have been receiving a lot of attention, after Emergency approvals from the Food and Drug Administration suggesting that it may provide a clinical effect in the treatment of SARS-COV-2. IMPORTANCE: Early and effective treatment of COVID-19 is vital for control of SARS-CoV-2 infection. METHODS: Designs: An interventional, single-arm, and non-randomized clinical trial conducted in Egypt from April 15 to July 21, 2020. Settings: This was a multi-center study conducted in three hospitals in Egypt. Participants: A total of 94 COVID-19 laboratory-confirmed patients using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction were enrolled in the study. Intervention: All patients were administered with two plasma units (each unit is 200 cc). The volume of donated plasma was 800 cc. Main Outcome and measures: Primary measure was the degree of clinical improvement among the COVID-19 patients who received CPT within 7 days. RESULTS: A total of 94 patients were enrolled who received CPT either within 7 days or after 7 days of hospitalization. 82 were severely ill and 12 were critically ill. The average age remained 58 years (±standard deviation 15.1 years). Male were 69% and 49% patients got cured while 51% died with case fatality rate 51%. Seventy-five percent deaths were above 45 years of age. The symptoms were dyspnea (55%), fever (52%), cough (46%), and loss of taste and smell (21%), and cyanosis (15%). The most common co-morbidities among the <40 years remained diabetes mellitus (21%) and asthma (14%). Among 40–60 years hypertension (56%), diabetes mellitus (39%) and among >60 years age group hypertension (57%), and chronic heart disease (24%) were reported. CPT within 7 days remained significant as compared with the CPT after 7 days with the number of days to cure (p=0.007) and ICU stay (p = 0.008) among severely ill cured cases. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with COVID-19 and severe or critical illness, the use of CPT along with routine standard therapy resulted in a statistically significant improvement when administered within seven days of hospital admission. However, plasma transfusion, irrespective of days to transfusion may not help treat critically ill patients. The overall mean time to cure in severely ill patients was 15 days if CPT provided within 7 days with 65% cure rate. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical Intervention identifier: MOHP_COVID-19_Ver1.1 registered April 2020.

10.
Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences ; 10(C):257-260, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2066672

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects 2% of population. About 0.5–2% of psoriatic cases develop during pediatric age. In most cases, the condition is responsive to topical treatment. However, a small percentage of children require systemic treatment with conventional systemic drugs or biological agents, such as anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α. Adalimumab (ADA) is an anti-TNF-α recently approved for pediatric psoriasis in the European Union (from 4 years of age, 2015). CASE PRESENTATION: We describe our experience treating a 5-year-old female patient affected by severe plaque psoriasis with ADA biosimilar during SARS-CoV-2 pandemic outbreak also using teledermatology. CONCLUSION: The case reported in this article highlights the safety and the effectiveness of ADA biosimilar MSB11022 (Idacio®) in the treatment of a 5-year-old female affected by plaque psoriasis and paves the way to bigger trials for a more extensive use of TNF-α inhibitor biosimilars for psoriasis in pediatric population.

11.
Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology ; 40(10):95, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2067778

ABSTRACT

Background. Information specific to Sjogren's patients and their experience with COVID-19 and COVID-19 vaccination have been relatively limited. To help address these gaps, the Sjogren's Foundation created a survey for its members and U.S.-based Sjogren's patients to gain insight into their perceptions, behaviors and experiences related to COVID-19 and the COVID-19 vaccine. Methods. The Sjogren's Foundation created and launched a nine-question patient survey on COVID-19 and COVID-19 vaccination on March 11, 2021. The survey has remained open since. The survey was hosted on SurveyMonkey, an online survey platform, and shared with adult Sjogren's patients aged >= 18 and living in the United States who were members of the Sjogren's Foundation. Responses were collected anonymously through the online platform and summary data for the group as a whole has been analyzed on an ongoing basis. Results. A total of 593 responses to the survey were received as of May 4, 2022. The majority of respondents have not had COVID-19 (95%). In those self-reporting that they had been diagnosed with COVID-19 (n=35), 80% reported experiencing only mild-to-moderate symptoms. Combined, 72% of respondents had received a first dose of the COVID-19 vaccine (Pfizer, 36%;Moderna 34%;Johnson & Johnson, 2%). Within this group, 64% reported that they either did not experience any reactions or symptoms or experienced only mild events. Additionally, in those who experienced a reaction or symptom after receiving the first dose of the vaccine (n=264), 78% stated the experience lasted 48 hours or less. Combined, 49% had received a second dose of the COVID-19 vaccine (Pfizer, 26%;Moderna, 23%). Similar to the first dose of the COVID-19 vaccine, most respondents either did not experience any reactions or symptoms or experienced only mild events (59%). Events experienced after the second dose subsided in 48 hours or less in the majority of respondents (72%). In total, 12% of respondents stated that they were not willing to get the vaccine. Conclusions. The majority of patients with Sjogren's responding to the survey have not had COVID-19 and were willing to be vaccinated. In those who have had COVID-19, Sjogren's patients reported that symptoms were mostly mild to moderate and lasted less than 48 hours. Similarly, most Sjogren's patients responding to the survey experienced only mild reactions or symptoms that subsided after 48 hours when receiving the first and second dose of the COVID-19 vaccine. It is important to note that this survey was launched early in the vaccine rollout, and those stating that they had not received a first or second dose of the vaccine or stated that they did not plan to get the vaccine, may not have done so or felt that way due to availability, eligibility and information available at the time. The majority of responses were received between March and May of 2021.

12.
Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology ; 40(10):83, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2067777

ABSTRACT

Introduction. There are few studies that evaluated the response to Covid- 19 vaccines, in primary Sjogren's Syndrome (pSS) and none evaluated ChAdOx1 n-Cov19 (AstraZeneca/Fiocruz). The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the ChAdOx1 n-Cov19, a viral vector vaccine, in pSS compared to healthy control (HC). Methods. Patients with pSS >18 years, classified according to ACR/EULAR 2016 were included. Neutralizing antibodies against the Receptor Binding Domain - RBD portion of the Spike protein of SARS-CoV-2 (IgGS) were measured by chemiluminescence (Abbott), before the first dose (D0) and 28 days after the second dose (D28*). The test is considered reactive if >50 AU/ml. Results. Sixty pSS patients and 62 HC were recruited from a single center (HUCAM-UFES, Vitoria, ES, Brazil). The HC group was homogeneous for sex (92% women) and younger than HC (47+/-11 vs. 39+/-13, p<0.05). In the pSS group, 45.2% were anti-Ro positive, mean ESSDAI was 3.2, 83.3% were using DMARD or immunosuppressant/biological therapy, 31.9% were in high immunosuppression. The frequency of mild adverse events (AE) was similar in both two groups. No serious AE, hospitalizations or death were reported. There was no difference between the PGA ("Patient's Global Assessment") after vaccination (4.5 vs.5, p=0.903). Among seronegative individuals at baseline, the seroconversion rate (100% vs. 89%, p=0.02) was lower, and geometric mean titers (GeoMean IgG-S) was similar in pSS=696.9(CI95%237.6 -2,043) compared to HC=1,986(CI95%1,463-2,697;p=0.316). However, in those with high immunosuppression, the seroconversion (71%, p=0.001) and GeoMean titers were lower 229.4 (CI95%14.64-3,594, p=0.004). Patients in moderate to high disease activity (ESSDAI >=5) showed lower seroconversion (60%, p=0.006) and Geomean titers 31.7 (CI95%0.06-15.4;p=0.004). Conclusions. ChAdOX1 vaccine is safe and induced high GeoMean neutralizing antibodies titers and seroconversion rate in pSS patients similar to HC. Immunossuppression therapy and disease activity decreased the immune response to the vaccine.

13.
Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology ; 40(10):84, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2067776

ABSTRACT

Objectives. To investigate the safety and efficacy of SARS-Cov-2 vaccination in a large international cohort of patients with primary Sjogren syndrome due to scarcity of data in this population. Methods. By the first week of May 2021, all Big Data Sjogren Consortium centers had been contacted and asked for Registry patients to be included in the study if they had received at least one dose of any SARS-CoV-2 vaccine. The in-charge physician asked patients about local and systemic reactogenicity, using a pre-defined electronic questionnaire to collect epidemiologic data, COVID 19 vaccination data, and COVID 19 vaccination side effects. Adverse events were defined as those reported by the patient at the site of injection within 7 days from vaccination (reactogenicity) as local adverse events, systemic symptoms as systemic side effects, and postvaccination AEs of special interest related to SS as SS flares. Results. The vaccination data of 1237 patients (1170 women, with a mean age at diagnosis of primary SjS of 50.5 13.2) were received. A total of 835 patients (67 percent) reported any adverse event, including local (53 percent) and systemic (50 percent) AEs. Subjective symptoms (63%) were the most common local AEs, followed by objective signs at the injection site (16%) and general symptoms were the most commonly reported systemic AEs (46 percent), followed by musculoskeletal (25 percent), gastrointestinal (9 percent), cardiopulmonary (3 percent), and neurological (2 percent). People under 60 years old had a higher risk of developing AE after vaccination (OR 2.48, CI 95 1.89-3.27 percent), as did those with low systemic SS activity (OR 1.62, CI 95 1.22-2.15) and those who received mRNA vaccines, according to a multivariate analysis (OR 1.57, CI 95 percent 1.12- 2.18). The risk of developing systemic AEs was also higher in women (OR 2.85, CI 95 percent 1.60-5.2346), White people (OR 1.73, CI 95 1.14-2.65), and those who received a deficient vaccination regimen (OR 1.78, CI 95 1.12-2.88 percent). In addition to 141 (11%) patients who reported a significant worsening/exacerbation of their pre-vaccination sicca symptoms as a result of post-vaccination SS flares, 15 (1.2%) patients (13 women, mean age at vaccination 41.9 years) reported active involvement in the glandular (n=8), articular (n=7), cutaneous (n=6), pulmonary (n=2), and peripheral nervous system (n=1) domains as post-vaccination systemic flare. All side effects and flares subsided within 1-3 weeks, with no lasting effects or deaths. In terms of vaccination efficacy, breakthrough SARS-CoV-2 infection was confirmed after vaccination in three (0.24 percent) patients, all of whom recovered completely, and positive anti-SARS-Cov-2 antibodies were detected in approximately 95 percent of vaccinated SjS patients, according to data available. Conclusions. SARS-CoV-2 vaccination in patients with primary SjS, like other vaccines with adequate response and no safety signals, raised no concerns about the vaccine's efficacy or safety.

14.
Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology ; 40(10):82, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2067775

ABSTRACT

Introduction. Vaccination against SARS-CoV2 is beneficial for patients with autoimmune disease. Therefore, we recommended basic immunization as soon as it has become available for our patients. We preferred mRNAbased vaccination based on the international recommendations. However, several patients received other types of vaccines at their own or their general practitioner's discretion. Based on the antibody levels against the SARSCoV2 spike protein measured at the Institute of Laboratory Medicine of our university, we were able to draw initial conclusions about the effectiveness of vaccination regarding our primary Sjogren's syndrome patients. Patients and methods. Antibodies to SARS-CoV2 spike protein were analyzed in the sera of 77 patients with primary Sjogren's syndrome after being vaccinated with two doses between 1st January and 30th April, 2021, at least 30 days after the second vaccination. Antibody responses were classified as high (above 250 U/ml), moderate (between 50 and 250 U/ml) and low (below 50 U/ml). Relying on the SPSS statistical program, we were seeking correlations between the serum levels and the EULAR Sjogren's syndrome disease activity index (ESSDAI) and the potential influence of the different immunosuppressive treatment modalities, respectively. For the statistical analysis, chi2 tests were performed. Result(s): Pfizer vaccine was given to 58 patients, and the rest of our cohort received Moderna (2 patients), Sinopharm (10 patients), Astra Zeneca (6 patients) and Sputnik vaccine (1 patient). High antibody levels were found in 54 subjects (70.1%), moderate levels in 11 subjects (14.3%), and low levels in 12 subjects (15.6%). After having received the Pfizer vaccine, 86.2% had high, and only 5.2% had low antibody levels. One patient vaccinated with Moderna had high, while the other had low antibody level. The majority (55%) of those vaccinated with Astra Zeneca achieved high titers, and 17% were classified as low responders. After immunization with Sinopharm vaccine, 20% of the patients were classified into moderate response category, while the rest (80%) presented low antibody levels. We also measured low value in the serum of the patient that received the Sputnik vaccine. Serum levels of specific antibodies in patients not receiving any specific therapy (14 subjects) did not differ significantly from those treated with antimalarials (18 subjects), methotrexate (19 subjects), azathioprine (6 subjects), or low-dose steroids (20 subjects). Based on our results, the type of immunosuppressive treatment had less effect on the protection developed than the type of vaccination. There was no significant correlation between Sjogren's syndrome disease activity and the degree of specific antibody response to the vaccine. Conclusions. Our initial results suggest that the use of COVID vaccines is safe and effective for Sjogren's syndrome patients, regardless of the treatment used or of the ESSDAI.

15.
Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology ; 40(10):83-84, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2067774

ABSTRACT

Objectives. To determine characteristics associated with a more severe COVID-19 outcome in people with Sjogren's disease (SJD). Methods. People with SJD and COVID-19 reported to two international registries (Sjogren Big Data Consortium and COVID-19 Global Rheumatology Alliance) from March 2020 to October 2021 were included. An ordinal COVID-19 severity scale was defined: (1) not hospitalized, (2) hospitalized with no ventilation, (3) hospitalized requiring non-invasive ventilation, (4) hospitalized requiring invasive ventilation, and (5) death. Odds ratios (OR) were estimated using a multivariable ordinal logistic regression model adjusted for age, sex, comorbidities and anti-rheumatic medications included as covariates. Results. A total of 898 people with SJD were included (825 (91.8%) women, mean age SARS-CoV-2 infection diagnosis: 55.5 years), including 652 patients with primary SJD and 246 with other associated systemic rheumatic diseases. 33.9% were hospitalized, 14.5% required ventilation, and 4.3% died. In the multivariable model, older age (OR 1.03, 95% CI 1.02 to 1.05), male sex (OR 1.81, 95% CI 1.10 to 2.92), two or more comorbidities (OR 2.99, 95% CI 1.92 to 4.67;vs none), baseline therapy with corticosteroids (OR 2.04, 95% CI 1.20 to 3.46), immunosuppressive agents (OR 2.09, 95% CI 1.30 to 3.38) and B-cell depleting agents (OR 5.38, 95% CI 2.77 to 10.47) were associated with worse outcomes (reference for all medications: hydroxychloroquine only). Conclusions. More severe COVID-19 outcomes in individuals with Sjogren's are largely driven by demographic factors and baseline comorbidities. Patients using immunosuppressants, especially rituximab, also experienced more severe outcomes.

16.
Neurology Asia ; 27(3):783-786, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2067763

ABSTRACT

Neutropenia during recovery after coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), as well as neutropenia after intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) administration are very rare hematological abnormalities. We report the first case of agranulocytosis following IVIG administration in patients with Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS) triggered by COVID-19. A 62-year-old female patient was admitted to the Emergency Department due to progressive limb weakness and sensory disturbances that began two weeks before admission. Five weeks before admission she was treated for COVID-19 and has fully recovered. She was diagnosed with Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS), and treatment with IVIG was started. Twenty hours after the first dose of IVIG, blood analysis showed neutropenia and thrombocytopenia, and after the fifth dose she developed agranulocytosis followed by mild increase in body temperature. Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) was administered and after 12 hours the leukocyte lineage recovered. According to the previous findings, neutropenia after IVIG administration might be related to CD11b, and COVID-19 is associated with an increase in immature neutrophil populations in the later stages of the disease defined by their expression of CD11b. Meanwhile, some finding suggests that corticosteroid pretreatment prevent neutropenia after IVIG administration, which might be important because many patients with post-COVID GBS have been treated with corticosteroids for COVID-19. Copyright © 2022, ASEAN Neurological Association. All rights reserved.

17.
International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences Review and Research ; 76(1):119-125, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2067718

ABSTRACT

The plant Curcuma longa, a perennial herbaceous member of the Zingiberaceae (ginger family), produces turmeric. Protein, fat, minerals, carbs, and moisture are all included in turmeric. Curcumin (diferuloylmethane), a phenolic diketone that makes up 34 percent of curcumin and is made up of curcumin I, curcumin II, and curcumin III, is what gives turmeric its characteristic yellow colour. Curcumin have versatile pharmacotherapeutic potential and their biological functions have been thoroughly investigated in recent years. As the main bioactive component, curcumin has numerous pharmacological properties including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-hypertensive, anti-diabetic, hepatoprotective, anti-rheumatoid arthritis and anti-cancer properties. In persons who are active, it improves recuperation and performance. It helps with viral infections and dental issues such as dental pain, gingivitis. Covid also benefits from curcumin. ar-turmerone also possesses antiinflammatory properties. Ar-turmerone is a potentially effective treatment for a number of neurologic conditions like schizophrenia. Multiple health advantages are provided by curcumin when mixed with boosting agents. Copyright © 2022, Global Research Online. All rights reserved.

18.
Infektsionnye Bolezni ; 20(2):120-122, 2022.
Article in Russian | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2067475

ABSTRACT

In conclusion, topical aspects of the etiotropic therapy of a new coronavirus infection and the prospects for the use of SKYVIRA 1 , which is a Russian-made combined drug in the form of tablets based on INN nirmatrelvir + ritonavir, are presented. Target. Determination of the place of medicines based on the INN nirmatrelvir + ritonavir in the etiotropic therapy of patients with a new coronavirus infection, depending on the severity of the course and the timing of the visit to the doctor. Determination of the paradigm for further studies of drugs based on nirmatrelvir. Copyright © 2022, Dynasty Publishing House. All rights reserved.

19.
NeuroQuantology ; 20(11):1858-1865, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2067333

ABSTRACT

Background: Fighting the Covid-19 pandemic is one of the global priorities now, and the most important type of pandemic control is vaccination. Pfizer-Biotech is considered one of the most important vaccines currently because of its high effectiveness in stimulating the immune system, despite limited data regarding the duration of the response and its side effects. The goal of this study is to assess the response ofSARS CoV-2 S1-RBD IgG andInterleukin-15 after 30 and 120days fromthe 2nd dose ofPfizer-BioNTech vaccine which applied on themedical college students at Diyala university. Methodology: This study began after the obtainment of the Medical College of the University of Diyala, the Medical College of Al-IraqiaUniversity, and the Iraqi Ministry of Health approvals . It continued from October 2021 until March 2022.A total of45 male and femaleparticipants from the College of Medicine( DiyalaUniversity)students who took thetwo doses of Pfizer-BioNTech and were divided into two groups: 1 month (30 days) and 4 months (120 days) after the full vaccination (two doses).A 5 ml of their blood was taken two times (30 days and 120 days after the 2nd dose of thePfizer-BioNTech vaccine) in the postgraduate laboratories inside the Diyala Medical College. A serological analysis to quantify IL-15 and SARS CoV-2 S1-RBD IgG has been done using BT LAB/ Bioassay Technology Laboratory/ Human Interleukin 15 ELISA Kit from CHINA andDiasino/ SARS CoV-2 S1-RBD IgG ELISA Kit/ CHINA respectively. All the lab work happened in the postgraduate laboratories inside the Diyala Medical College. Demographic information (Age and Gender) has been collected from the participants. These participants were split into two groups depending on the time after the 2nd of Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine dose (1 month and 4 months, respectively). STATISTICA (version 12 )and SPSS (version 26 ) were used to input, review and data analysis. Essential approaches of percentages and frequencies were used for qualitative variables, while, average and standard deviation were used for quantitative variables. For both IL-15 and SARS CoV-2 S1-RBD IgG, less than 0.05 of a P-value was considered considerable. Result(s): The ratio, according to gender, was (17.8: 82.2) while the age Average was (20.9 years old). The serum data of IL-15 and SARS-CoV-2 S1-RBD IgG levels after 1 month (30 days) and 4 months (120 days) were statistically non-parametric. Mann-Whitney test (Independent two samples), showeda considerabledrop(P<0.05) of IL-15as well as SARS CoV-2 S1-RBD IgGserum levels in the 4th-monthsgroup compared to the 1-monthgroup. Conclusion(s): Interleukin-15 and SARS CoV-2 S1-RBD IgG serum levels significantly droped after 120days of the 2nd dose of Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine. Copyright © 2022, Anka Publishers. All rights reserved.

20.
NeuroQuantology ; 20(10):8522-8533, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2067322

ABSTRACT

Stress disorders are the most frequent type of mental disease. They are less noticeable than depression and schizophrenia, yet they are just incapacitating. This article presents a descriptive analysis of anxiety disorders, their types, diagnosis, treatment, prevention, control, and it also unfolds the mode of action of drugs, herbal agents, therapies and, physical activity for the management of these disorders. Even though there are effective pharmacological and psychological treatments for stress disorders, many individuals who are affected do not seek treatment, and of those who do, the vast majority are misdiagnosed or do not receive cutting-edge treatment. The prevalence rates do not appear to have altered in recent years. These disorders have a lot of comorbidities.Due to the side effects and unbearable cost of medication/therapy, there is a growing trend of the use of herbal drugs and physical exercises for the treatment of anxiety mainly after covid-19. Psychopharmacological and cognitive behavioral therapies can be used for better treatment;For example, the ABC model is a dynamic model of anxiety that can help us understand the interactions between the processes that cause symptoms to emerge and persist throughout time, as well as the biological and psychological elements that influence them. Rational combinations of these tactics should be investigated further to boost future outcomes.

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