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1.
Cuadernos de Psicologia del Deporte ; 22(3):41-47, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2025265

ABSTRACT

The study evaluates the perception of body image associated with food consumption, sedentary behavior, and practice of physical activity responses during the COVID-19 lockdown in the academic population of a Brazilian University. Four hundred fifteen students answered an online survey during 1-31 May/2020. Frequencies were used to describe the outcomes, and the Chi-square test (p< 0.05) to determine associations. A negative perception of change in body image was found in both females and males (e.g., 73% and 55%, respectively), significantly associated with a perception of an increase in food consumption, watching TV and social media (more than 2 hours), not practicing physical activity in females, and with an increase in food consumption in males. The results presented a general picture of behavioral responses during the COVID-19 pandemic of students in Brazil, suggesting that a negative perception of body image changing has been associated with health-related behaviors, especially in females © Copyright 2018: Servicio de Publicaciones de la Universidad de Murcia

2.
Sustainability ; 14(16):10391, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2024162

ABSTRACT

The increasingly fierce competition in food trends requires producers to innovate and develop new foods to be accepted and to avoid neophobia by consumers at the same time. Food neophobia’s motivational adoption barriers include the consumption of novel foods, social norms and conflicting eating goals. Therefore, appropriate strategies are needed to avoid neophobia amid the presence of new food trends in the market. Efforts to avoid food neophobia can also be accepted as part of the sustainability concept, in which the consumer has new foods to choose from in order to reduce scarcity in one particular type of food. The food industry is also challenged to produce healthy food by producing food from natural ingredients. In this article, new food trends and advances in food processing are described, and through them, strategies to avoid neophobia and increase consumer acceptance of new food trends are referenced. Neophobia meets marketing food products delivered to consumers facing motivational adoption barriers, such as the consumption of novel foods, social norms and conflicting eating goals, which are indicated to be challenges to purchase drivers in new food trends. Tasting foods is indicated as one of the most efficient means to ensure neophobia reduction in new foods and new food trends. Other factors identified to reduce food neophobia are education, income, taste and exposure to novel foods. Some preconditions for novel foods to be accepted by consumers are related to the very nature of food innovation, the manufacturer’s features and market circumstances. Food processed with advanced technologies may differ depending on the brand of the food production company and the knowledge of consumers about the novel foods. Moreover, food technology is seen as more acceptable for plant food products based or natural ingredients for consumers. In addition to the focus on health benefits, it is supports the sustainability of food systems. Another accidental element is the transparent traceability system providing accurate and adequate information about such novel foods.

3.
Nutrients ; 14(16):3280-3280, 2022.
Article in English | CINAHL | ID: covidwho-2023957

ABSTRACT

An introduction is presented in which the editor discusses articles within the issue on topics related to obesity, including the prevalence of obesity in adolescents in Indonesia, the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on children's and adolescent's lifestyle behaviors and body weight, and the determinants of obesity in early life.

4.
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health ; 19(17):10965, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2023715

ABSTRACT

Emotional Eating (EE) patterns have been shown to play a relevant role in the development of overweight and obesity. The aim of this study was to analyze the factor structure and psychometric properties of the Emotional Eater Questionnaire (EEQ) in university students from Huelva. The EEQ was administered to 1282 students (age 22.00 (±5.10), BMI 23.59 (±6.74)), belonging to the University of Huelva. An exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) were carried out. The internal structure of the questionnaire, internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and convergent validity were analyzed. Principal component analysis of the questionnaire showed two dimensions, explaining 56% of the variance. Internal consistency showed a Cronbach’s alpha of 0.859 globally, and of 0.841–0.855 if the items were removed. The corrected item-total correlation yielded values of 0.444–0.687. The test-retest stability was ICC = 0.924 (p < 0.001). The data showed significant correlations between EEQ and the rest of the variables, and a Spearman’s Coefficient ranging from −0.367 to 0.400. The fit indexes were good for the confirmatory factor analysis. The results obtained with this structure found an adequate reliability and validity of the questionnaire in comparison with previous studies.

5.
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health ; 19(16):10190, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2023658

ABSTRACT

Background: Improving food and nutrition literacy is fundamental to tackling the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region’s enormous challenges, including malnutrition and food insecurity. To direct initiatives, it is crucial to assess the region’s food and nutrition literacy. Thus, we aimed to review studies on food/nutrition literacy status in the MENA countries and illuminate the region’s research gaps in these areas, in terms of assessment, policy, and program implementation. Methods: PubMed and Google Scholar databases were searched between 18 December and 8 May 2022, to identify relevant articles published up to 2022 in the MENA region. Results: Twelve studies were included in this review. Lebanon, Palestine, and Iran are the only three MENA countries where nutrition and/or food literacy were assessed. People in these countries mostly had inadequate food and/or nutrition literacy levels, especially in the skills rather than the cognitive domain. Food and/or nutrition literacy showed associations with food habits, food-label use, food-consumption patterns, school performance, food security, dietary diversity, and nutrient adequacy. The MENA countries developed no policies or programs to address food and nutrition literacy. Conclusion: This review is a wake-up call for researchers and policymakers to develop a robust approach to combat food and nutrition literacy concerns in the MENA region.

6.
Foods ; 11(16):2437, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2023326

ABSTRACT

Gluten-free food products have been developed to satisfy the needs of consumers with celiac disease. However, there has been little research on the product feature development of sustainable gluten-free instant noodles through a qualitative study to explore the customer insights related to environmental attitude and purchase decision. Using a cross-national comparative study between Thai and Danish consumers, this study aims to (1) identify the target customer segments for each country;(2) explore the target customer segments regarding behaviours, desired outcomes, and pain points;and (3) suggest gluten-free instant noodle product prototypes suitable for each country. With a qualitative interview approach, 60 target customers (30 Thai and 30 Danish) were recruited to participate in this research. In addition, a thematic analysis was undertaken to examine their behaviours, desired outcomes, and pain points toward sustainable gluten-free instant noodle products. The findings revealed that convenience-oriented customers were the target segment of gluten-free instant noodle products in Thailand. This segment primarily focused on convenience as the main reason for consuming instant noodles and had common pain points in terms of taste. In contrast, environment-oriented customers were the target customer segment in Denmark. This segment consisted primarily of young women who eat less meat and shared common pain points such as difficulty accessing more sustainable options. Hence, there is a need to educate customers in Thailand (an emerging economy) and increase their awareness regarding environmental sustainability and consumption.

7.
Archives of Disease in Childhood ; 107(Suppl 2):A62, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2019831

ABSTRACT

Aims• Explore international literature published in the years 2020-2021 to determine the prevalence of adolescent obesity and identify any changes following the introduction of COVID-19 lockdown measures.• Determine changes in weight and anthropometric measurements in adolescents during this period (2020-2021).• Consider correlations between changes in physical activity, eating habits and screen-time following COVID-19 lockdowns and changes in anthropometric measures.• Explore the impact of economic and environmental inequalities on weight gain and obesity.MethodsPeer-reviewed publications published between 1st January 2020 - 1st December 2021 were identified via systematic searching of three electronic databases, CINAHL, PubMed and OVID. Designated medical subject headings (MeSH) terms and free text search terms relating to the research question including ’COVID-19’, ‘obesity’, and ‘adolescents’ were used to identify relevant articles for inclusion. Those executed in all global settings, published in the English language, and with participants aged 10-18-years-old were included. Any anthropometric measure of obesity, including body mass index, body weight and body fat index were considered. Grey literature searches were also conducted using Goggle Scholar. Data was extracted onto a pre piloted data collection form capturing population, intervention/exposure, comparators, and outcomes (PICO). A narrative analysis was produced based around identified themes.ResultsOverall nine studies were deemed suitable for inclusion. No UK based studies were identified, but global findings were captured including those conducted in the USA, China, South Korea, Germany, India, and Italy. Two studies compared anthropometric measures before and after school closures due to COVID-19. Six reported anthropometric changes before and after/during COVID-19 lockdowns, and one reported pre-pandemic versus pandemic changes in anthropometry. COVID-19 resulted in increased screen times, reduced physical activity and changes in nutritional habits. Key themes included gender- weight gain was higher in adolescent males than females, ethnicity- those from Hispanic backgrounds showed higher levels of obesity, parental factors- obese parents increased the likelihood of adolescent obesity (70%), lower socioeconomic status presented with 2.5 times increase in body weight, and behavioural changes- this included reduced physical activity, increased sedentary behaviour and dietary changes with increased snacking reported.ConclusionOur findings show that there was an increase in the prevalence of adiposity, obesity prevalence and weight gain alongside changes in eating habits and activity levels across several regions between 2020-2021. COVID-19 infection control measures such as school closures increased sedentary behaviours e.g. screen-time for both education and leisure, and negatively influenced nutrition. There is a need for ongoing surveillance and intervention in particular for those identified at risk groups from our included articles. All healthcare professionals and governmental bodies have a role to play in addressing this issue. Further work will be required in order to explore the long-term effects of COVID-19 and its true impact on adolescent obesity.

8.
Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism ; 78:11, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2012794

ABSTRACT

Introduction: We are currently living in a time of important changes in society, accentuated by the current Covid-19 pandemic and its subsequent effects. To all this must be added the possible consequences of a growing food-nutritional vulnerability associated with economic crisis. Other sociocultural factors include the influence of other people on food choices, knowledge and perception of food and nutrition, educational level, advertising and marketing, and social status. Objectives: To know the impact of lifestyles through their social and economic determinants, on food agency, to follow up on them, as well as on the knowledge and perception on food sustainability. Methods: A cross-sectional survey of a nationally representative sample of adults (>18 years old) living in Spain (except Ceuta and Melilla), following previous surveys in 2015 and 2017. The survey was administered via computer-assisted telephone interviewing (CATI): a total of 1921 respondents (945 women and 976 men) participated. Results: The majority of the population ate the three main meals, although has decreased. In 2022, time spent at each meal has grown, and more time spent on weekends. Eating alone is increasing whereas people who eat sitting down and conversing with someone is decreasing. Teleworking has impacted several aspects such as with whom, how people eat or even what is eaten. The majority of the population cooks (more comparatively with previous surveys), but mainly women. Of concern, for over 35%, their economic situation has worsened after the pandemic, modifying their food decision. Finally, sustainability is still considered of medium importance and willingness to pay more for sustainable food is low/moderate. Conclusions: The results show important changes in the social aspects of food, accentuated by the Covid-19 pandemic and the economic crisis.

9.
Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism ; 78:28, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2011432

ABSTRACT

Introduction: State of alarm was declared in Spain from March 14th to June 21st, 2020 due to COVID-19 pandemic, forcing population to home confinement. "Corona Cooking Survey" (CCS) is an international project led by the University of Antwerp involving 38 countries worldwide. Objectives: To know the variations in the frequency of consumption of some foods in Spanish adult population during the COVID-19 lockdown according to their family composition. Methods: A Cross-sectional study of 679 Spanish adults aged 18-83 years (75.9% women) completed the CCS from April 20th to June 16th, 2020. A survey designed by FOOMS research group of the University of Antwerp, Gent University and KU Leuven, was translated into Spanish and distributed electronically to a convenience sample. Only questions about food frequency consumption were considered for analysis. Data were adjusted by family composition, according to the presence (CH: n=259, 38.1%) or absence (NCH: n=420, 61.9%) of children at home. Statistical analysis was performed with SPSS Statistics software v. 25 (IBM Corp., Armonk, NY, USA). Results: Fruits, vegetables, dairy, and non-sugared beverages, were the most frequently consumed (≥ 5-6 times/week), followed by white bread, pasta and grains (≥ 2-4 times/week). Both groups increased legumes/pulses, sweet snacks (both p <0.001), and salty snacks (NCH p <0.05;CH p <0.01) intake, while consumption of processed foods (p <0.001) decreased during the lockdown. Consumption of vegetables and unprocessed vegetarian alternatives decreased in NCH (both p <0.05), while CH increased plantbased drinks (p <0.01), dairy products and alcoholic beverages (both p <0.05). Conclusion: During the COVID-19 lockdown, presence of children at home influenced the frequency of vegetables, dairy, vegetarian alternatives, plant-based and alcoholic drinks consumption, but not the general trend of increasing legumes and decreasing processed foods intake.

10.
Revista Latinoamericana de Hipertension ; 17(2):176-184, 2022.
Article in Spanish | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2002623

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: La obesidad infantil (OI) es un problema de salud cuya causa principal es el balance energético positivo (incremento ingesta de alimentos y disminución actividad física) y que se ha agravado por la pandemia por SARS-CoV-2 en relación con las medidas instauradas para su mitigación al inducir un mayor ambiente obesogénico, sedentarismo y malos hábitos alimentarios. Método: Mediante una revisión narrativa describiremos la evidencia existente durante la pandemia de COVID-19 sobre los cambios en la frecuencia de la OI y sus factores asociados. Resultados: En algunos países se ha producido un incremento en la prevalencia de OI a consecuencia de la pandemia de COVID-19 en relación al periodo prepandemia, afectando principalmente a los preescolares. Se han identificado algunos elementos relacionados con los cambios observados como el tiempo de pantalla, hábitos de alimentación, ambiente obesogénico, actividad física, sedentarismo, depresión y ansiedad. Conclusiones: Dado que la información se limita solo a algunos países que han monitoreado cercanamente el comportamiento epidemiológico de la durante la pandemia de COVID-19, es evidente la necesidad de mejorar los sistemas de vigilancia epidemiológica y hacer las inversiones de rigor para mejorar la investigación en esta área.Alternate :Childhood obesity (CO) is a health problem whose primary cause is positive energy balance (increased food intake and decreased physical activity) and which has been aggravated by the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic and by the measures put in place to mitigate it by inducing a more obesogenic environment, sedentary lifestyles and poor eating habits. Method and Purpose: Through a narrative review, we will describe the evidence of prevalence changes in CO during the COVID-19 pandemic and its associated factors. Findings: During the COVID-19 pandemic, significant increases in CO prevalence have been observed versus the pre-pandemic period, mainly affecting preschoolers. In addition, it has been possible to identify some elements possibly related to the changes observed such as screen time, eating habits, obesogenic environment, physical activity and sedentary lifestyle, depression and anxiety. Conclusiones: Despite the limited information from some countries regarding the behaviour of CO prevalence during the COVID-19 pandemic, there is an evident need to improve epidemiological surveillance systems and make rigorous investments to improve research in this area.

11.
Rbne-Revista Brasileira De Nutricao Esportiva ; 16(98):135-142, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1995253

ABSTRACT

Good nutrition is one of the pillars for energy and general well-being, as well as disease prevention and physical development. This article aimed to evaluate the eating habits of medical students at the University Center for the Development of Alto Vale do Itajai (UNIDAVI) which occurred between the pre-pandemic and post-pandemic periods caused by COVID-19. For the research, classes comprised between the third and eighth semesters were selected, totaling 154 students. Eating habits were assessed using the questionnaire "Markers of Food Consumption", made available by the Ministry of Health. The results showed a number of students who rated their health as good and a decrease in those who rated it as very good. There was an increase in the average consumption of lunch, afternoon snack and dinner, and a decrease in the average intake of breakfast, morning snack and supper, maintaining an average of four meals a day in both periods. Regarding the food consumed, there was an increase in the intake of fruits and vegetables, as well as hamburgers/sausages, sweetened drinks, sweets and sweets and frozen/fast food. The reduction in global intake was restricted to the alternatives of beans and snacks/biscuits. Finally, there was a decrease in the evaluation of distractions such as TV and cell phone permeating meals. In conclusion, there was a worsening in the perception of global health, an increase in general food consumption, a decrease in the frequency of morning meals and an increase in evening meals, and conservation of the average number of daily meals.

12.
Sustainability ; 14(15):9174, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1994164

ABSTRACT

The problem of food waste is a global phenomenon. Food waste occurs at all stages of the food chain. Households, especially in developed countries, produce the most food waste. In order to effectively prevent consumers from throwing food away, it is important to understand the factors that determine these behaviors in the household. The aim of this study was to define the goal of using dietary catering in Polish society as a form of consumption of wholesome meals with a specific calorific value and distribution of macronutrients in the aspect of reducing losses related to food waste. The research was carried out online in the years 2020–2022 among the clients of a catering company. The survey respondents were residents of the Małopolskie Voivodeship in Poland. The research tool was an original anonymous questionnaire in the form of a shortened nutritional interview. On the basis of the obtained results, it can be concluded that factors such as age and gender influence consumer behavior. The reasons for the decision to choose dietary catering were mainly indicated as wasting and throwing away food, as well as inadequate management of food supplies and preparing too large portions of meals.

13.
AAACN Viewpoint ; 44(2):10-11, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1989205

ABSTRACT

According to Brunelle and Fortin (2021), employees who WFH have a higher level of job satisfaction when compared to their counterparts working in office settings. Xiao and colleagues (2021) identified when working remotely, employees experience decreased physical activity, poor quality food intake, and lack of communication with coworkers which leads to a decrease in physical and mental wellbeing. According to the Anxiety & Depression Association of America (2021), consistent participation in exercise may decrease tension, elevate and stabilize various moods, and improve sleep and self-esteem. According to Seva and colleagues (2021), spaces in homes, furniture design, acoustics, temperature/humidity, or lighting may not be suitable for prolonged hours of work and can lead to eye strain, fatigue, respiratory issues, hearing impairment, and musculoskeletal issues.

14.
British Food Journal ; 124(9):2980-2992, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1973368

ABSTRACT

Purpose>The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between social media addiction and eating behavior, eating disorder risk, body weight and life satisfaction in university students during pandemic period.Design/methodology/approach>The sample consists of 1,411 university students. Data were collected using online questionnaire and Scale of Social Media Usage Motives, Social Media Addiction Scale-Student Form, Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire (DEBQ), SCOFF Eating Disorders Scale and Life Assessment Scale were used in the study.Findings>Of the participants, 79.7% had different levels of social media addiction. Body weight and body mass index (BMI) values of those with high social media addiction were significantly higher than those in the non- and low-addicted group (p < 0.05). There was a positive relationship between social media addiction and duration of social media use, social media addiction and emotional and external eating behaviors and a negative relationship between social media addiction and life satisfaction (p < 0.01). There was no significant difference in eating disorder risk according to social media addiction groups (p = 0.823). Individuals in the nonaddicted social media group had the highest Life Assessment Scale score (p < 0.01).Originality/value>Social media addiction was prevalent among university students, and it was related to BMI, eating behavior and life satisfaction. It is necessary to be more careful in the use of social media, which has increased in the pandemic period. Trainings to reduce the use of social media can positively affect eating behavior and contribute to the prevention of obesity and increasing life satisfaction.

15.
Revista Española de Nutrición Humana y Dietética ; 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1969809

ABSTRACT

Introduction: During the new coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID 19) pandemic, food preferences and consumption behaviors of consumers began to change. This study aims to examine changes in food preferences and purchasing habits in the new normal of COVID-19 after lockdown. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, the anonymous online survey hosted by the forms.app was shared via social media from July to August 2021, targeting Turkish residents 18-65 years old. The questionnaire was developed based on related literature by authors. Statistical analysis was performed using IBM SPSS (c) Statistics for Windows, version 20.0. Results: A total of 1033 women (90.4%) and 110 men (9.6%) participated in this study, between the ages of 26-37. During the new normal period of the pandemic, 40.3% of the participants have increased online food shopping, and 44.1% of the participants decreased food shopping via the markets, greengrocers, or local markets. While sex, age, income, marital status, and chronic disease did not differ significantly in the change in online shopping (p>0.05), education level and labor status were significantly different (p<0.05). 55.6% of the participants reported that the COVID-19 pandemic affected their food choice. Purchasing of foods perceived as healthy according to participants was a lot and quite a lot as %38.7 affected by the COVID 19 pandemic. A high percentage of the participants increased their consumption of healthy foods such as foods containing vitamin C, fruits, vegetables, nuts, protein-rich foods, probiotic foods, and water consumption increased. Conclusions: The food purchasing behavior and the consumption of foods consumed have been changed in the new normal period of COVID-19.

16.
Journal of Nutritional Science ; 11, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1960158

ABSTRACT

Tunisia recorded the highest rate of COVID-19 positive cases and deaths in Africa but no studies assessed the impact of the pandemic on eating patterns as in the case of several countries. The objective of the present study was to investigate the perception of changes in food habits, appetite and body weight in Tunisian adults of both genders aged 20–74 years old. A cross-sectional study has been carried out with a non-probabilistic sampling method based on an online self-administered survey. Of overall 1082 adults included in the study, 57⋅8 % reported a change in their eating habits: 21⋅2 % an increase in their consumption of fresh fruits, vegetables, pulses, pasta and bread, while 36⋅6 % an increase of homemade cakes and biscuits, sweets, processed meat, sugary drinks and alcoholic drinks. In addition, tea, coffee and herbal tea have been reported as excessively consumed during the lockdown period. More than half experienced appetite variations (34⋅6 % increased appetite and 23⋅0 % appetite loss). Inequality detrimental to women was reported regarding eating habit changes (women consumed more unhealthier foods than men). Elderly subjects (over 60 years) were less likely to negatively change food habits in comparison with young adults (20–25 years), while ungraduated respondents were more prone to negatively change their food habits. Almost half reported weight gain. As the negative influence of the lockdown period on eating habits with the increase of obesity risk has been detected, health policy may be advised to focus on using mass media campaigns to promote healthy eating habits, in particular for illiterate and young people.

17.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(15)2022 Jul 26.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1957331

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This cross-sectional study compares eating behaviors before and during the COVID-19 lockdown that was decreed in Spain on 14 March 2020. METHODS: The sample was made up of 1177 people aged 18 years or older who responded during the month of June 2020 to a questionnaire designed in Google Forms. Information was collected on the frequency of food consumption before and during lockdown. A dietary inflammatory index (DII) was created with positive or negative values depending on the inflammatory potential of different foods, vegetables, fruits, nuts, legumes, meat, fish, eggs, yogurt, milk, cheese, industrial pastries, salty snacks, fast food, and soft drinks. The scores from before and during confinement were compared. RESULTS: Most of the people in the sample maintained their eating pattern during lockdown. Among those who changed, the majority increased their consumption of healthy foods, which resulted in a decrease in the inflammatory potential of the diet; this was particularly the case in men. CONCLUSIONS: The improvement in the quality of the diet contributed to a significant decrease in DII during confinement, especially in men.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Animals , COVID-19/epidemiology , Communicable Disease Control , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diet , Feeding Behavior , Humans , Vegetables
18.
CLINICAL DIABETOLOGY ; 11(3):183-191, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1939337

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus are two chronic diseases most associated with hospitalizations and deaths from COVID-19. Background: This study compared psychological impact of COVID-19 lockdown in people with obesity, people with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and people without diseases, and determined the factors associated with well-being. Materials and methods: An online survey on negative affect, attitudes, social support and sharing, coping, well-being, and eating behavior was conducted in 157 people with obesity, 92 with type 2 diabetes and 288 without diseases. Results: People with obesity were the most worried of getting infected (70%) or dying (64%) and had the highest levels of emotional eating. People with T2D showed better coping strategies and higher well-being. Negative affect, worries about COVID-19 consequences and uncontrolled eating had negative impact, but social support, social sharing, and coping contributed positively (p < 0.001) to well-being. A 48.7% of people with obesity experienced more difficulties to adhere to treatment compared to only 11.1% of people with T2D. Conclusions: People with obesity had less well-being and more COVID-19 worries and emotional eating than people with T2D and without diseases. Well-being depends on negative affect, worries and eating behavior. Future research about the impact in long-term on weight and health status in patients with chronic diseases is needed.

19.
Duazary ; 19(2):106-115, 2022.
Article in Spanish | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1934855

ABSTRACT

Analyzing the effect of the variables Eating Habits, Emotional Condition and Physical Activity (PA) Agency on Diet Perception and PA Time, in Colombian university students under COVID-19 confinement conditions. Preliminary correlational research was conducted through a comparative survey with both exploratory and explanatory scope. It was applied to 389 students who voluntarily completed the instrument on a Google Form. The structural model explains respectively 38% and 53% of the variability of the students’ diet perception and PA time. The model shows both statistical (χ² = 84 [47 gl p = 0,09]) and practical (IBBAN = 96;IBBANN = 99;IAC = 0,99 and RMSEA = 0,02 [0,00, 0,04]) goodness of fit. Hence, it can be stated that this inclusive model has the same explanatory power as the saturated one, which relates all variables to each other. Eating habits and intention were found to have a direct effect on the university students’ diet perception. Just as well, eating habits, intention and diet perception were observed to increase PA time.Alternate :Analizar el efecto de hábitos alimentarios, situación emocional y agencia personal de la actividad física sobre la percepción de dieta y tiempo de actividad física, de universitarios colombianos en condiciones de confinamiento por la COVID-19. Investigación exploratoria de tipo correlacional con alcance explicativo en su nivel de conocimiento. Se aplicó de forma voluntaria un cuestionario en plataforma Google a 389 estudiantes. El modelo estructural explica el 38% de la variabilidad de la percepción de dieta de los estudiantes y 53% de la variabilidad del tiempo dedicado a la AF. Posee bondad de ajuste tanto estadístico, χ² = 84 (47 gl), p = 0,09, como práctico, IBBAN = 96, IBBANN = 99, IAC = 0,99 y RMSEA = 0,02 (0,00, 0,04), por lo que se puede afirmar que este modelo inclusivo tiene el mismo poder de explicación que el modelo saturado, que relaciona todas las variables entre sí. Se evidencia un efecto directo entre las variables hábitos alimenticios, intencionalidad y la percepción que los estudiantes universitarios tienen de su dieta. Así mismo, se observa que, las variables antes mencionadas contribuyen a que aumente el tiempo en minutos de AF.

20.
Acta Diabetol ; 2022 Jul 13.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1930428

ABSTRACT

AIMS: The pandemic resulted in a lifestyle crisis which may negatively affect patients with diabetes. Despite current knowledge, there is a lack of longitudinal studies evaluating this effect. To assess patients' perceptions about changes in lifestyle, and eating and sleeping patterns after 18 months of the COVID-19 pandemic, and to identify if aspects related to the pandemic (social distancing, COVID-19 infection, behavioral changes, and financial difficulties) are predictors of worsening in eating and sleeping parameters. METHODS: This was a longitudinal study that followed patients with diabetes from April 2020 to July 2021 in Southern Brazil. Individuals with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, aged ≥ 18 years, were included. The outcome of this study was the assessment of daily habits during a 18-month period of the COVID-19 pandemic. Specific questionnaires were applied once participants were included in this study (3 months after the onset of the pandemic) and at the 18-month follow-up, which included the Eating Attitudes Test-26 (EAT-26), the Mini-Sleep Questionnaire (MSQ), and a specific questionnaire on diet, physical activity, and sleep pattern. Data were compared within and between groups (type 1 and type 2 diabetes), and multivariable models were used to identify subgroups of worse outcomes. RESULTS: A total of 118 (78.6%) participants remained in the study at follow-up (mean age 54.6 ± 13.9 years, 41.3% male). In total, 33.9% of participants perceived weight gain during the pandemic, especially those with type 1 diabetes (43.1% vs 25.0% in type 2 diabetes, P = 0.04). About one in four participants reported emotional eating and changes in their eating habits for financial reasons. Regarding sleep patterns, more than half the participants reported taking naps during the day, out of which 30.5% of them perceived worse sleep quality, with no difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes groups. There were no within-group differences in MSQ and EAT-26 scores. Among participants with type 2 diabetes, age ≥ 60 years (OR 27.6, 95%CI 2.2-345.7), diabetes duration ≥ 15 years (OR 28.9, 95%CI 1.4-597.9), and perceived emotional eating (OR 10.9, 95%CI 1.1-107.5) were associated with worsened food quality. Worse sleep quality during the pandemic was associated with age ≥ 60 years for both type 2 diabetes (OR 5.6, 95%CI 1.1-31.5) and type 1 diabetes (OR 5.5, 95%CI 1.0-29.9). CONCLUSIONS: Follow-up data from a cohort of patients with diabetes indicate that at the end of 18 months of social distancing, some lifestyle aspects worsened and some improved, showing that these patients responded differently to the adversities of this period. The evidence of clinical features associated with worsening in food and sleep quality provides new insights to prioritizing actions in crisis situations.

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