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1.
International Journal of Psychological Research ; 14(1):48-54, 2021.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-1824192

ABSTRACT

The aim of this research was to compare food intake dysfunctional patterns score with the subjective perception of anxiety and sociodemographic characteristics of the participants in isolation by COVID-19 from Chile, Colombia, and Mexico. A cross-sectional research was carried out, with a virtual questionnaire of subjective perception of anxiety and the questionnaire of three 18-item feeding factors. 958 people of both sexes participated (F = 83%,M = 17%), mainly in the 18 to 35 age range. Dysfunctional eating patterns presented high scores in people who perceived anxiety, as well as in participants from Chile. Additionally, it was found that women present greater cognitive restriction and emotional intake, and college students showed greater disinhibition. In conclusion, the scores of the three dysfunctional eating patterns were higher in people with subjective perception of anxiety during social isolation due to COVID-19, and there were also differences according to country, sex, and educational level. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved) (Spanish) El objetivo de esta investigacion fue comparar el puntaje de los patrones disfuncionales de la ingesta con la percepcion subjetiva de la ansiedad y caracteristicas sociodemograficas de los participantes en aislamiento por COVID-19 de Chile, Colombia y Mexico. Se realizo una investigacion de tipo transversal, con un cuestionario virtual de percepcion subjetiva de la ansiedad y el cuestionario de tres factores de alimentacion 18-items. Participaron 958 personas de ambos sexos (F = 83%,M = 17%), principalmente en el rango de edad de 18-35 anos. Los patrones disfuncionales de la ingesta presentaron puntajes altos en personas que percibieron ansiedad y en participantes de Chile. Adicionalmente, se encontro que las mujeres presentan mayor restriccion cognitiva e ingesta emocional y los estudiantes universitarios mostraron mayor desinhibicion. En conclusion, los puntajes de los tres patrones disfuncionales de la ingesta fueron mas altos en las personas con percepcion subjetiva de ansiedad durante el aislamiento social por COVID-19 y asi mismo se presentaron diferencias de acuerdo al pais, sexo y nivel educativo. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

2.
Revista de la Facultad de Medicina Humana ; 22(2):412-419, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1822697

ABSTRACT

The mortality rate from COVID-19 in Peru continues to increase, considered by January 24, 2022, as the third country with the most cases and deaths in all of South America. Confinement favors an extremely sedentary lifestyle, physical inactivity, and poor eating practices causing serious health risks. Objectives: Describe the eating habits and lifestyles of medical students during the CoVID-19 quarantine. Materials and Methods: Multicenter Descriptive Cross-sectional Study. Results: A total of 886 medical students participated. The female gender prevailed with 81.49% (n = 722) compared to the male gender with 18.51% (n = 164). Regarding the perception of health, only 4.51% (n= 40) rated it as low and the remaining 95.49% rated it as satisfactory (n= 111), good (n= 495), very good (n= =200) and excellent (n=40). The predominant healthy habits were not smoking 91.08% (n= 807) and doing physical activity 78.78% (n= 698);During the pandemic, physical activity was reduced, reaching 53.95% of students. Conclusions: Medical students during the COVID-19 confinement stage, medical students opted for regular healthy eating habits and preventive behaviors. However, daily physical activity was predominantly low.

4.
Eating Behaviors ; : 101635, 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-1821210

ABSTRACT

Objective The current study examines impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on weight/shape control behaviors among adolescents and young adults in the U.S., and perceived changes to related social media content. Method A sample of youth (14–24 years) from MyVoice, a national text-message-based cohort, provided open-ended responses to questions on changes in eating and exercise habits due to concern about weight/shape, and social media content related to weight/shape, during the pandemic. Responses were collected using a secure online platform and analyzed using content analysis. Results Among respondents (n = 939/1153, response rate = 81%), 40.0% adopted behaviors for the purpose of weight/shape control during the pandemic. Nearly half (49.2%) reported seeing posts about weight/shape on social media during the pandemic. Discussion Findings from this study indicate that weight/shape concerns among adolescents and young adults in the U.S. may have increased due to the COVID-19 pandemic, with social media content as a potentially contributing factor.

5.
Electronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology ; 20(1):43-68, 2022.
Article in Spanish | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1820643

ABSTRACT

Introduction. The sudden changes in school educational modality due to the COVID-19 pandemic and social isolation have affected the lifestyle, mental and emotional health, and perception of their academic training in students with high intellectual abilities. The aim of this study was to analyze the predictor variables of sleepiness, satisfaction with studies, and emotional exhaustion in students with high intellectual abilities during the COVID-19 pandemic. Method. This study involved 409 third to fifth grade high school students with high intellectual abilities and who receive a free special education associated with talent and high achievement (COAR). Ages ranged from 14 to 17 years (M = 15.26, SD = .89). The Brief Study Satisfaction Scale (EBSE), Emotional Fatigue Scale (ECE), Eating Habits and Physical Activity Scale (EHAAF), Pittsburgh Index, Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale-2 (GAD-2) and Epworth Short Sleepiness Scale (ESE) were used. Descriptive statistics were calculated, and the normality of the variables was assessed. In addition, a predictive model was analyzed based on goodness-of-fit indices using structural equation modeling. The analyses were performed using SPSS 24.0 and Amos 24.0 statistical software. Results. The descriptive analysis yielded adequate skewness and kurtosis coefficients. The analyses showed that all variables were significantly correlated (p < .01). Likewise, the predictive model of sleepiness, satisfaction with studies and emotional exhaustion presents adequate goodness-of-fit indices (X-2 = 7.427, gl = 6, p = .283, X-2/gl = 1.238, TLI = 0.994, CFI = 0.998, RMSEA = 0.024 and SRMR = 0.186). Conclusion. This study presents a predictive model of sleepiness, study satisfaction, and emotional exhaustion in students with high intellectual abilities during the COVID-19 pandemic. It is concluded that physical activity, eating habits and sleep quality are predictors of sleepiness and, in turn, generalized anxiety, physical activity and sleep quality predict emotional fatigue, which is also a predictor of satisfaction with studies.

6.
Psychology in the Schools ; n/a(n/a), 2022.
Article in English | Wiley | ID: covidwho-1819386

ABSTRACT

In the United States, the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic necessitated nationwide closures of kindergarten through twelfth grade (K-12) schools. Stay-at-home orders and social distancing mandates were also implemented to mitigate the spread of COVID-19. The purpose of this systematic review was to synthesize the existing literature on how COVID-19 impacted K-12 students' eating patterns, physical activity, and sleep in the United States. Utilizing the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, a literature search was conducted between October and December 2021. Inclusion criteria were studies focused on COVID-19 and eating patterns, physical activity, and sleep in students enrolled in K-12 schools since March 2020. International studies were excluded. Mixed findings were observed for eating patterns whereby the consumption of unhealthful savory and sweet items and healthful snacks (e.g., fruit and vegetables) increased. Reductions in physical activity and disrupted sleep routines were also observed. Heterogeneity in methodological procedures may limit the generalizability of these findings. In the United States, preliminary data suggest that select health-promoting behaviors were negatively impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. Given that prolonged unhealthful eating patterns, physical inactivity, and poor sleep contribute to chronic disease risk, initiatives that increase health-promoting behaviors are warranted.

7.
International Journal of Eating Disorders ; n/a(n/a), 2022.
Article in English | Wiley | ID: covidwho-1819353

ABSTRACT

Reviews by Devoe et al. (2022), Linardon et al. (2022), and Schneider et al. (2022) illustrate the profound impact the COVID-19 pandemic has had on people with eating disorders (EDs) or disordered eating (DE) and their families. However, there is a dearth of research on how the pandemic has affected individuals with marginalized identities, who have been historically underrepresented in ED/DE research. The few studies conducted to date suggest that people with marginalized identities, including people of color, LGBTQ?+?people, women, and people experiencing socioeconomic disadvantage, may have had even greater increases in EDs/DE than people without marginalized identities. In this Commentary, I discuss who is missing from research on EDs/DE during the COVID-19 pandemic, strategies for breaking down barriers to participation in research for diverse groups, and the implications of existing research findings for people with marginalized identities. Improved measurement of salient aspects of participants' identities and increased recruitment and retention of participants from diverse backgrounds is necessary to more fully understand the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on all people affected by EDs and DE. Concurrently, increased access to affordable and culturally sensitive care is urgently required to meet the extensive treatment needs already documented

8.
Progress in Nutrition ; 24(1), 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1819020

ABSTRACT

Objective: Body dissatisfaction is an increasing problem in adolescents, and it is thought that mindful eating and body image are related. These problems have become more serious during the pandemic period. This current study was carried out to examine the relationship between adolescents’ mindful eating, body image, and anthropometric measurements during COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: A total of 200 adolescents (100 boys and 100 girls) aged 11-17 years, were involved in the study. The data were collected by the researcher using the face-to-face interview method through a questionnaire. The Mindful Eating Questionnaire was used to determine mindful eating. The Stunkard body image scale was employed to evaluate the body image of individuals, and all anthropometric measurements were made by the researcher in accordance with technique. Results: The mean age of the individuals was 14.2±2.04 years, and more than half (52%) attended high school. 60.0% of obese boys and 38.0% of obese girls considered themselves obese. A statistically significant difference was found depending on gender in terms of body perception (p<0.05). No significant difference was found between the mindful eating scores of participants according to their body perception (p>0.05). A negative statistically significant correlation was determined between the total mindful eating score of those who described themselves as underweight, overweight, and obese, and BMI (kg/m2), waist circumference (cm), hip circumference (cm), and body fat (%) (p<0.05). It was also found there were negative significant relationships between mindful eating subscales, anthropometric measurements, and BMI (p<0.05). Conclusion: It was concluded that body image in adolescents was affected by gender and BMI, and anthropometric measurements were associated with mindful eating.

9.
Revista de Neuro-Psiquiatria ; 85(1):66-71, 2022.
Article in Spanish | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1818927

ABSTRACT

Patients with eating disorder (ED) are a vulnerable population in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. Some studies describe its negative effect on ED patients and their caregivers. This article presents a narrative review of the impact of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic on these patients. Depressive and anxious symptoms, risk of self-harm and suicide are identified. Early intervention and management of patients with ED is a great challenge to the continuity of treatment, detection of comorbidities and relapse prevention.

10.
Revista Chilena de Nutricion ; 49(1):79-88, 2022.
Article in Spanish | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1818329

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has generated various changes in the daily routine of people worldwide, affecting the usual food environments and related habits. Among university students, the change in food environments has had a strong impact due to the closure of university campuses. However, there is little information in the country about the consequences that this modification has caused. The study aim was to explore how the environments and eating habits of university students changed due to the COVID-19 pandemic. A qualitative descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out. Participants co-rrespond to students of a public university in Chile. Fifteen semi-structured interviews were conducted online. Interview narratives were analyzed through a thematic analysis, using an inductive approach. The results show two main themes: I) Purchase and access to food, where great changes were not seen in the supply environment, but in the food environments of restaurants and public roads;II) Transition from the institutional food environment to the domestic environment, a situation that modified the eating habits of most of the students, who declared consuming more homemade preparations, in addition to perceiving more time available at the time of consuming food, compared to that given in context pre-pandemic college. It is necessary to reflect on how the positive aspects in the environments and eating habits could be favored in a return to the presence in the academic environment.

11.
Food and Health ; 8(2):118-126, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1817895

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the effects of the COVID-19 phobia on mindful eating, eating habits and body weight change among university students. This study was carried out with 385 university students who have been in social isolation at home for at least 2 months. The online survey was constituted via an internet-based questionnaire on Google forms. The survey includes demographics features, body weight, eating habits, change in appetite and consumption of food/food groups. COVID-19 Phobia Scale (C19P-S) and the Mindful Eating Questionnaire (MEQ) were used.

12.
Physiology & Behavior ; : 113837, 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-1815043

ABSTRACT

Background : During the COVID-19 pandemic, many mothers and fathers have spent more time at home with their children, warranting consideration of parenting practices around food during the pandemic as influences on obesogenic eating behaviors among children. Structure-related feeding practices, particularly around snacking, may be particularly challenging yet influential in the pandemic setting. Parent sex and levels of feeding-related co-operation among parents (co-feeding) are understudied potential influences on parent-child feeding relationships. Methods : We investigated relationships between structure-related parent feeding and child food approach behaviors during the COVID-19 pandemic, while considering potential moderating influences of parent sex and co-feeding levels. An online survey was completed by 318 parents (206 mothers and 112 fathers) of 2-12-year-olds who were living in states with statewide or regional lockdowns in May/June 2020 within the United States. Mothers and fathers were drawn from different families, with each survey corresponding to a unique parent-child dyad. Parental stress/mental health, co-feeding (Feeding Coparenting Scale), structure-related food and snack parenting (Feeding Practices and Structure Questionnaire and Parenting around SNAcking Questionnaire), and child eating behaviors (Child Eating Behaviour Questionnaire) were assessed. Relationships of parents’ structure-related food and snack parenting practices with their child's emotional overeating and food responsiveness behaviors were examined using structural equation modelling. Further, we investigated whether these relations were moderated by parent sex or level of co-feeding. Results : Parent sex differences were seen in parental stress, mental health, and co-feeding, but not in structure-related food and snack parenting or child food approach eating behaviors. Structure-related food parenting was negatively associated with emotional overeating. However, structure-related snack parenting was positively associated with emotional overeating and food responsiveness. While regression paths varied between mothers vs. fathers, as well as by co-feeding levels, neither parent sex nor co-feeding levels significantly moderated relationships between parent feeding and child eating variables. Conclusions : Future studies of food and snack parenting and co-operation in relation to feeding among mothers and fathers within a familial unit may be critical to identify intervention strategies that draw on all family resources to better navigate future disruptive events such as the COVID-19 pandemic.

13.
International Journal of Hospitality Management ; 104:103230, 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-1814510

ABSTRACT

We conducted two studies to investigate how restaurant advertisements depicting different types of eating scenarios (commensal vs. solitary dining) might influence consumers’ expectations of and attitudes toward the foods and restaurants after they were reminded of the pandemic. Participants expected that the foods shown in the advertisements of commensal dining would be more palatable and likable than the same foods depicted in the advertisements of solitary dining. They also showed more positive attitudes toward both the restaurants and foods. The enhanced hedonic expectations induced by the advertisements depicting commensal dining, however, were modulated by the priming for COVID-19 salience. Collectively, these findings suggest that consumers’ preference for commensal dining can be extended to the advertisements depicting such eating scenarios, but this effect could be attenuated by consumers’ awareness of the pandemic. These findings provide insight into restaurant advertisement design and highlight the negative effect of the pandemic on consumers.

14.
Appetite ; 169: 105806, 2022 02 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1814111

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic brought about many changes that potentially altered the home food environment, which has been associated with child eating patterns and dietary intake. There is also some evidence that changes due to the COVID-19 pandemic are associated with health behaviors in children, such as an increased intake of high-calorie snack food. The current study aimed to more deeply understand how the COVID-19 pandemic affected the home food environment of meal and snack time routines and parent feeding practices within families of young children. Data for this study are taken from the Kids EAT! Study, a racially/ethnically diverse cohort of families with 2-5 year old children. Qualitative interviews were conducted by phone and video conference with mothers (n = 25) during August/September 2020 and were coded using a hybrid deductive/inductive analysis approach. This allowed coders to identify themes using the interview questions as an organizational template (deductive) while also allowing unique themes to emerge from the qualitative data (inductive). Three overarching themes emerged with multiple sub-themes: 1) Mothers were more directive in the types of food and amounts of food eaten by children; 2) Mothers had less rules around mealtimes; 3) Mothers had increased meal responsibilities. When faced with a change in a structured schedule and increased stress-such as occurred with the COVID-19 pandemic, parents may benefit from advice on how to manage parent feeding practices, including tips on appropriate limit setting, establishing a schedule and routines, and improving accessibility of healthful snacks. Lessons learned during the COVID-19 pandemic may have relevance to other time periods when families face disruptions to routine and during other times of transition.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pandemics , Child, Preschool , Feeding Behavior , Female , Humans , Parents , SARS-CoV-2
15.
Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition ; 46(SUPPL 1):S198, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1813566

ABSTRACT

Background: Pediatric patients with short bowel syndrome (SBS) have complex medical needs that may impact their quality of life (QoL). Research has generally found children with SBS/intestinal failure (IF) to have impaired health-related QoL, but the mechanisms by which SBS shapes QoL for these patients remain unclear. Methods: A disease-specific mixed-methods pilot survey investigating wellbeing for children with SBS and their families was developed collaboratively by community stakeholders and clinicians and distributed via convenience sampling. The survey included fourteen diseasespecific items (e.g., PN, EN, toileting, eating, medical procedures), each scored on a 5-point Likert scale (1=no negative impact on child's wellbeing, 5=high negative impact on child's wellbeing);a not applicable option was additionally included for each item. Upon completion of the matrix, respondents were prompted to explain their response for each item scored with a 4 or 5 (indicating a high negative impact on child QoL). An option to describe any additional items perceived as negatively impacting their child's QoL was provided. Descriptive analyses of closed-and open-ended responses were conducted to investigate parent-perceived impact of disease-specific items on child wellbeing. Results: A total of 21 parents completed the survey. Items least frequently reported by parents as having a strong negative impact on their child's wellbeing were pain/discomfort or vomiting (23%) and utilization of PN (29%). Items related to absorption, including oral eating (33%), output-related issues (38%), and enteral feeds (41%), were more frequently reported by parents as strongly negatively impacting their child's wellbeing. Half of survey respondents (50%) perceived sleep or fatigue to have a strong negative impact. Items outside of the medical/physical domain were reported by 62% of parents as having a strong negative impact on their child's wellbeing: 39% of parents perceived their child's social life (independent of the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic) to have suffered because of the condition;39% highlighted the impact of medical procedures on their child's mental health. Over half of respondents (53%) perceived two or fewer items to have a strong negative impact on their child's overall wellbeing. An additional 29% of respondents perceived 3-6 items, while 19% reported 7 or more items as having a strong negative impact on their child's wellbeing. Qualitative analyses of open-ended responses revealed no additional SBS-related items were perceived by parents as negatively shaping child wellbeing, suggesting the survey reached thematic saturation. Conclusion: These exploratory data provide insights into the parent-perceived factors shaping wellbeing for children with SBS. Better understanding how- and to what extent- these factors impact child QoL longitudinally is central to providing whole-person, patient-centered care. The conceptualization of overall wellbeing as a measurable outcome may provide members of the care team with important information to consider along with clinical factors and offer opportunities to discuss goals of care with children and their families. Future research should investigate the validity and reliability of a disease-specific child QoL measure.

16.
Neuroepidemiology ; 56(SUPPL 1):91, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1813110

ABSTRACT

Objective: Brain health is fundamental to all health. Within the context of brain health and the ongoing COVID-19 crisis, it is vitally important for us as a medical community and as a species to reflect deeply upon our role in these increasingly frequent events and about what we can do to avoid them in the future. Results: The COVID-19 crisis has thus far affected over 350 million people in 226 countries and regions, resulting in over 5.6 million deaths and substantial acute and subacute brain morbidity in many forms with the potential for producing long-term neurological impairment in a high percentage of survivors. The crisis has also provided us with another fundamental determinant of brain health and overall health-the interconnectedness of all life-other humans, nonhumans and the earth. Conclusion: To mitigate the considerable increase in worldwide risk of lethal zoonotic diseases that impact negatively upon brain health, we need to discontinue live-wildlife markets and factory farming, two activities which are among the most threatening to human health and among the most debasing to our species. For the sake of humans, non-humans and the earth, there is a fundamental and urgent need for us to evolve toward eating forms of protein that are safer for humans, including abundant traditional plant-derived food sources as well as the more recently developed plant-based meat/dairy/egg alternatives and cultured meat (produced by culturing animal cells). And we need to advance our governance structures so that they are neither rewarding activities that are destructive to the planet nor heavily prioritizing economic governance over health and environmental governance. A One Health approach should be the new norm across the various sectors as we invent and implement equitable economic systems that have human, animal and environmental health at their cores.

17.
Behavioral Psychology ; 29(2):345-364, 2021.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-1813087

ABSTRACT

This cross-sectional study aimed to determine the impact of COVID-19 lockdown on emotional distress and disordered eating in a community sample of Spanish youngsters. A total of 2847 participants (95% women;aged 14-35) completed depression, anxiety, stress, self-esteem, and disordered eating measures. Given the small proportion of men and as significant differences were found between genders in several variables, most results were only reported for women. Severe levels of depression, anxiety and stress were found in 30.8%, 25.4% and 20.5% of the sample, respectively. Sleep quality, eating habits, appearance concerns, preoccupation about one's future, health concerns and other life domains were also affected by lockdown. Younger age, being single, being unemployed, not having contracted COVID-19 or not being sure about it, having a loved one infected or deceased due to coronavirus, and not having a place to relax at home were significantly associated with psychological distress and disordered eating. A structural equation model confirmed the direct influence of lockdown-related variables into psychopathology symptoms. The findings of this study suggest that COVID-19 and its associated lockdown might have a significant effect on psychological wellbeing and eating disturbances. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved) (Spanish) El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar el impacto psicologico del confinamiento por COVID-19 en una muestra comunitaria espanola. 2847 participantes de entre 14 y 35 anos (95% mujeres) completaron medidas de depresion, ansiedad, estres, autoestima y alteraciones alimentarias. Considerando la pequena proporcion de hombres y al hallar diferencias significativas entre sexos, la mayoria de resultados fueron informados solo para las mujeres. Un 30,8%, 25,4% y 20,5% de la muestra presento niveles graves o muy graves de depresion, ansiedad y estres respectivamente. La calidad del sueno, los habitos alimentarios, las preocupaciones por la apariencia fisica, por el futuro y por la salud habian empeorado a raiz del confinamiento. Una menor edad, no tener pareja, el desempleo, no haber contraido COVID-19 o no estar seguro de ello, el fallecimiento de un ser querido por COVID-19, y no tener un lugar donde relajarse fueron factores asociados al malestar psicologico y las alteraciones alimentarias. El analisis de ecuaciones estructurales confirmo la influencia directa de las variables relacionadas con el confinamiento en la psicopatologia. Esto sugiere que la pandemia puede haber tenido un impacto significativo en la salud mental y en la conducta alimentaria. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

18.
Natural Volatiles & Essential Oils ; 8(5):2689-2707, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1813080

ABSTRACT

The growth and development of children is very important, as this would form the foundation for the quality of future generations in the nation. The slightest developmental disorders in infancy, if not detected and not handled properly will lead to a bad impact. Various genetic and environmental factors influence Toddler growth and development. Purpose: To distinguish the description of the risk factors related to child growth and development. Method: This research uses quantitative method. The design of the research is based on a cross-sectional approach in the analysis survey design. In the study, all toddlers under 59 month old were collected using a total of 366 samples in 2020 at the Ngalang Village, Gedangsari public health center and Gunungkidul Regency. Data analysis used univariate analysis of frequency distribution.

19.
Curr Psychol ; : 1-12, 2021 Oct 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1813852

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 has disrupted the lives of families across the United States and all over the world. Stress is known to have a negative impact on parent-child feeding interactions; hence, the purpose of this study is to examine how COVID-related parenting stress, which was measured using a newly developed scale, is related to parent mental health, nonresponsive feeding, and children's self-regulation of eating. 119 parents of children ages 2-7 years old filled out questions about COVID-related parenting stress, mental health, nonresponsive feeding behaviors, and children's self-regulation of eating. A series of multiple regressions were run to predict parent anxiety and psychological distress from COVID-related parenting stress. COVID-related parenting stress was found to be a significant predictor of both parent anxiety and psychological distress. When COVID-related parenting stress was further broken down into COVID-Related Job/Financial Security Stress and COVID-Related Family Safety/Stability Stress, COVID-Related Job/Financial Security Stress predicted psychological distress while COVID-Related Family Safety/Stability Stress predicted parent anxiety. Moderation analyses were also run to test the difference across the parents of children under 5 years of age and those of children who were 5 years of age and older regarding the association of COVID-related parenting stress and either parent anxiety or psychological distress. There was no significant difference across age. Lastly, COVID-related parenting stress and nonresponsive feeding practices were simultaneously entered into a multiple regression to predict children's self-regulation of eating, and COVID-related parenting stress and parent distrust in appetite were both found to decrease children's ability to self-regulate energy intake. Based on findings from this study, researchers interested in improving children's self-regulation of eating and long-term health outcomes should continue to target the reduction of nonresponsive parent feeding behaviors, but they should also aim to look beyond specific parent feeding behaviors by attempting to help parents manage stressors in their lives. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1007/s12144-021-02333-y.

20.
Administração: Ensino e Pesquisa ; 22(3):587-607, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1811411

ABSTRACT

Este caso de ensino relata a história do Restaurante Mata Nativa. A história do restaurante baseada em entrevistas semiestruturadas apresenta diversos momentos de gatilhos empreendedores para o desenvolvimento de seus pratos, formas de atendimento e seu planejamento estratégico. Analisando a trajetória da empresa e para no enfrentamento de momentos de turbulência no cenário, tem-se como objetivo que os alunos identifiquem os processos de desenvolvimento das capacidades de aquisição, assimilação, transformação até a aplicação do conhecimento para geração de resultado, superando as dificuldades e criando oportunidades, no cenário turbulento gerado pela pandemia da COVID19. Este artigo identifica o conhecimento tecnológico e de mercado como dois componentes críticos do conhecimento prévio no processo de aprendizagem organizacional da capacidade absortiva.Alternate :This teaching case describes the trajectory of the Mata Nativa Restaurant. The restaurant's history based on semi-structured interviews presents several entrepreneurial triggers for the development of its dishes, forms of service, and strategic planning. Analyzing the company's trajectory and in order to face moments of turbulence in the scenario, the objective is for students to identify the processes of development of acquisition, assimilation, transformation, and the application of knowledge to generate results, overcoming the difficulties and creating opportunities, in the turbulent scenario generated by the COVID19 pandemic. This article identifies technological and market knowledge as two critical components of prior knowledge in the organizational learning process of absorptive capacity.

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