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1.
Open Heart ; 9(1), 2022.
Article in English | PubMed | ID: covidwho-1832533

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To identify the most common transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE) parameters in patients hospitalised with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19) and their association with myocardial injury and outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective, single-centre, observational, exploratory cohort study was performed at the height of the COVID-19 pandemic. All SARS-CoV-2 polymerase chain reaction (PCR) positive patients who underwent a TTE during their inpatient admission between 1 March 2020 and 31 October 2020 were analysed. The most frequent cardiovascular risk factor profile and echocardiographic features were investigated. RESULTS: A total of 87 patients met the eligibility criteria. A salient 41.4% (n=36) of our cohort succumbed to this devastating virus. More than half of our hospital population (58.6%) were admitted to the intensive care unit (ITU) and this was significantly associated with inpatient mortality (OR: 7.14, CI 2.53 to 20.19, p<0.001). Hypertension was the most common cardiovascular risk factor (51.7%) with no additional prominence in non-survivors (OR: 2.33, CI 0.97 to 5.61, p=0.059). Remarkably, 90.8% of our cohort demonstrated a preserved left ventricular ejection fraction, although 69.1% had elevated troponin levels. Only 1 patient (1.1%) was given a diagnostic label of myocarditis. A raised pulmonary artery systolic pressure (36.8%) andright ventricle (RV) dysfunction (26.4%) were the most common echocardiographic features. In particular, the presence of RV dysfunction was significantly related to adverse outcomes (OR: 2.97, CI 1.11 to 7.94, p<0.03). CONCLUSIONS: In this cohort of extremely unwell patients hospitalised with COVID-19 pneumonitis, the presence of RV dysfunction or admission to ITU was significantly associated with inpatient case fatality ratio. Moreover, COVID-19-induced myocarditis remains extremely rare.

2.
ProQuest Central; 2022.
Preprint in English | ProQuest Central | ID: ppcovidwho-335332

ABSTRACT

Background: Human bocavirus (HBoV) is a viral pathogen from the genus Bocaparvovirus (family Parvoviridae, subfamily Parvovirinae) discovered in 2005. Most of available literature is about HBoV in children and adults with hematological malignancies and in otherwise healthy children with respiratory infections. Information regarding infection in the adult population with solid tumors is scarce. Case Report: We report the case of a 51-year-old male with metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer undergoing chemotherapy treatment who presented with fever, dyspnea, dry cough, and pleuritic pain. Imaging techniques showed signs of congestive heart failure. Symptoms, laboratory tests and echocardiography revealed a more probable infectious etiology. Antibiotic therapy was started. A polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test of nasopharyngeal exudate for respiratory viruses was positive for HBoV. The rest of the microbiological tests were negative. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) was performed. Bacterial culture of BAL was negative while respiratory virus PCR confirmed positivity for HBoV. Antibiotic therapy was discontinued. The patient gradually recovered. Conclusions: Emerging infectious diseases are a notorious threat for immunocompromised populations such as solid tumor patients. This case is unique because to our knowledge this is the first case report article of HBoV in a solid tumor patient and because imaging techniques exhibited signs of congestive heart failure that did not correlate with the rest of the tests. It shows that unusual pathogens should be considered when managing serious clinical complications with uncommon presentations in cancer patients. Notable diagnostic efforts should be made to reach a diagnosis in these cases.

3.
Medecine d'Afrique Noire ; 69(3):141-146, 2022.
Article in French | GIM | ID: covidwho-1824452

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The cardiovascular impact of SARS CoV-2 infection in black subjects is poorly described in the literature. This article reports a case of myocardial injury during this viral infection. Case report: A 63-year-old, hypertensive and diabetic woman whose symptomatology started with chest pain, was admitted in cardiogenic shock associated with severe bradycardia at 25 bpm due to complete atrioventricular block. Troponinemia was elevated at 33769.8 ng/mL and NT-proBNP greater than 25,000 pg/mL. Transthoracic echocardiography had shown abnormalities of left ventricular segmental kinetics with preserved ejection fraction and right ventricular dysfunction. The chest Computed Tomography (CT) scan diagnosed SARS CoV-2 infection by showing central and peripheral ground-glass opacity of the lungs. The SARS CoV-2 PCR test was negative twice. After a temporary transvenous cardiac pacing, heparin therapy, a combination of Ceftriaxone and antivirals, the evolution was marked by an initial clinical improvement followed by a secondary deterioration with aggravation of the biological inflammatory syndrome contrasting with the regression of atrioventricular block and myocardial injury. Death occurred on the 12th day of hospitalization.

4.
Russian Journal of Cardiology ; 27(3):9-17, 2022.
Article in Russian | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1822635

ABSTRACT

Aim. To carry out comparative analysis of echocardiographic and electrocardiographic (ECG) data of survivors and deceased patients with COVID-19 (sub-analysis of the international register “Dynamics analysis of comorbidities in SARS-CoV-2 survivors”). Material and methods. The study presents the results of a sub-analysis of the international AKTIV registry, which was called AKTIV CARDIO. Data were collected from 9 medical centers in the Russian Federation. AKTIV CARDIO included 973 hospitalized patients, of which 50 patients died during hospitalization. Results. Comparative analysis of echocardiographic parameters revealed that 4 parameters differed in deceased patients compared to survivors: left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), right ventricular end diastolic dimension (RV EDD), right atrial (RA) short axis diameter and pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP). RA short axis diameter was higher in deceased patients compared with survivors (38,0 [36,0;39,0] versus 35,0 [33,0;38,0] mm, p=0,011). RV EDD was higher in deceased patients than in survivors (3,0 [29,0;33,0] vs 28,0 [27,0;32,0] mm, p=0,019). LVEF was lower in deceased patients compared with survivors (55 [52;55] vs 60 [56;65]%, p<0,001). PASP was higher in deceased patients compared with survivors (25 [21;35] vs 20 [19;25] mm Hg, p=0,006). Correlation analysis found that the largest number of correlations with markers of the infection severity was observed for RA short axis diameter and RV EDD. A comparative analysis of ECG data revealed that in deceased patients, compared with survivors, atrial fibrillation (AF) (21,4% vs 6,06%, p=0,001) and supraventricular premature beats (14,3% vs 3,36%, р=0,004) occurred more often. In addition, deceased patients had longer QTc interval (440 [416;450] vs 400 [380;430] ms, p<0,001). Conclusion. Comparative analysis of echocardiographic data showed that deceased patients have more pronounced right heart remodeling, higher PASP and lower LVEF. Patient survival was related to RV and RA sizes. Right heart enlargement was associated with markers of infection severity. Echocardiographic parameters characterizing the right heart side can probably be independent prognostic factors in the acute COVID-19 period.

5.
Cureus Journal of Medical Science ; 14(4):5, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1822593

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, is an ongoing pandemic that has affected millions globally. Many infected patients have been noted to have cardiovascular damage. Prior to the development of clinical symptoms, the use of transthoracic echocardiography, specifically with measurements of left ventricular global longitudinal strain (LVGLS), may provide an additional prognostic marker for patients infected with COVID-19. We sought to determine whether patients with COVID-19 and reduced LVGLS have an increased risk for mortality. The mean LVGLS was determined to be significantly lower in the non-survivors compared to the survivors (-11.6 +/- 1.8 vs -15.4 +/- 0.74, p<0.05). It should be noted, however, that even those that survived were found to have reduced LVGLS (< -18.596). A multivariate logistic regression analysis was also performed that demonstrated a relationship between reduced LVGLS and an increased risk for mortality. Overall, our data indicate that COVID-19 patients may have subclinical left ventricular dysfunction, and that critically ill patients may have a greater decline in cardiac dysfunction.

6.
Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation ; 27(1):36-44, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1821995

ABSTRACT

Purpose of review Heart failure incidence continues to rise despite a relatively static number of available donor hearts. Selecting an appropriate heart transplant candidate requires evaluation of numerous factors to balance patient benefit while maximizing the utility of scarce donor hearts. Recent research has provided new insights into refining recipient risk assessment, providing additional tools to further define and balance risk when considering heart transplantation. Recent findings Recent publications have developed models to assist in risk stratifying potential heart transplant recipients based on cardiac and noncardiac factors. These studies provide additional tools to assist clinicians in balancing individual risk and benefit of heart transplantation in the context of a limited donor organ supply. Summary The primary goal of heart transplantation is to improve survival and maximize quality of life. To meet this goal, a careful assessment of patient-specific risks is essential. The optimal approach to patient selection relies on integrating recent prognostication models with a multifactorial assessment of established clinical characteristics, comorbidities and psychosocial factors.

7.
FASEB Journal ; 35(SUPPL 1), 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1821817

ABSTRACT

Background The novel SARS-CoV-2 virus inflicts far-reaching health decrements, both directly and through secondary inflammatory stimulation. To date, there is little information regarding the effects of COVID-19 on the heart after infection, especially among young healthy adults. Purpose We sought to determine whether contracting SARS-CoV-2 affects cardiac function in young, otherwise healthy adults and whether these alterations recede after testing positive for SARS-CoV-2. Methods Transthoracic echocardiography was performed on 7 subjects with SARS-CoV-2 (3F/4M, 21±1y, 24±2 kg m ) who tested positive 3-4 weeks prior to baseline testing followed by 1- month and 2-month follow-up testing. A parasternal long-axis view was utilized to measure septal and left ventricular posterior wall thickness, left ventricular volume, and left ventricular outflow tract dimensions. A four-chamber view was utilized to measure mitral and tricuspid valve, left ventricular, and pulmonary vein function. Data are mean±SD. Results Stroke volume (Baseline: 44±11ml, 1-month: 42±13ml, 2-month: 54±12ml) and stroke index (Baseline: 24±6ml/m

8.
Annals of Thoracic Surgery ; 113(5):1401-1404, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1821141
9.
Annals of Global Health ; 88(1):18, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1818561

ABSTRACT

Background: COVID-19 myocarditis is becoming increasingly appreciated as a complication of COVID-19. There are significant hurdles to formal diagnosis with endomyocardial biopsy or cardiac MRI, whether by resource limitations, patient instability, or isolation precautions. Therefore, further exploratory analysis is needed to clinically define the characteristics and spectrum of severity of COVID-19 myocarditis. Objectives: The aim of this study was to describe the clinical course, echocardiographic, and laboratory testing across suspected fulminant and non-fulminant clinically defined COVID-19 myocarditis. Methods: In a cross-sectional observational study of 19 patients with clinically defined COVID-19 myocarditis, we report presenting symptoms, clinical course, laboratory findings, and echocardiographic results stratified by non-fulminant and fulminant myocarditis. Student t-test and univariate logistic regression are used to compare laboratory findings across fulminant and non-fulminant cases. Findings: Among 19 patients, there was no prior history of coronary artery disease, atrial fibrillation, or heart failure;21.1% of patients died;and 78.9% of cases required supplemental oxygen. A significantly higher geometric mean D-dimer and ferritin were observed in patients with fulminant compared to non-fulminant suspected myocarditis. 26.3% of cases had pericardial effusions. 10 out of the 16 with available echocardiographic data had normal left ventricular systolic function. Conclusions: In this study, we provide a practical clinical depiction of patients with clinical COVID-19 myocarditis across fulminant and non-fulminant cases. Statistically significant elevations in inflammatory markers in fulminant versus non-fulminant cases generate hypotheses regarding the role of systemic inflammation. While cardiac MRI and endomyocardial biopsy may not be accessible at scale in low- and middle-income countries, the present study offers a clinical definition of COVID-19 myocarditis and accessible laboratory findings to define severity.

10.
Research in Cardiovascular Medicine ; 11(1):6-12, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1818466

ABSTRACT

Aim: Despite concerns about cardiovascular implications in coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) patients, not all COVID-19 patients are visited by cardiologists and recommended to perform comprehensive cardiovascular assessments including measurement of biomarkers and echocardiography. We aimed to investigate the reasons for seeking cardiology care and to assess our cardiologists' diagnostic approaches to COVID-19 patients with potential cardiovascular involvement. Methods and Results: In this prospective, observational study, data of all consecutive COVID-19 patients admitted to six designated hospitals for COVID-19 in Iran in whom bedside cardiology consultation was requested were collected. A total of 148 patients including 105 (71%) males were included. The mean age was 57 ± 17 years. The most common reasons for cardiology consultation were dyspnea (56.7%), chest pain (12.8%), and suspected arrhythmias (10.8%). The most common comorbidities were hypertension (40.5%), diabetes mellitus (19.6%), and coronary heart disease (18.9%). A 12-lead electrocardiography (ECG) was obtained in all patients. Point-of-care ultrasonography or limited transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) was performed in 106 (71.6%) patients, and complete TTE was performed in 35 (23.4%) patients. Cardiac troponin was measured in 63 (42.6%) patients, and N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide level was measured in 34 (23%) patients. Overall, 51 (34.5%) patients underwent invasive mechanical ventilation, inotropes were used in 29 (19.6%) patients, and 40 (27%) patients died. Conclusions: While preventing unnecessary investigations, the cardiologists should not overlook the lifesaving role of ubiquitous diagnostic modalities (such as ECG and TTE) in early detection and management of cardiac involvement in COVID-19.

11.
Lung India ; 39(2):191-194, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1818451

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary veno-occlusive disease (PVOD) is an important cause of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and is classified under idiopathic cause of PAH. Over a period of time, PVOD has been studied in detail in the western countries and various diagnostic criteria are formulated. Being a rapidly progressive disease, early diagnosis is of utmost importance which helps to initiate appropriate treatment. Recent studies suggest that PVOD has a genetic predisposition and has an autosomal recessive pattern of inheritance. Here, we discuss the case of siblings diagnosed with PVOD to have such genetic predisposition for this disease.

12.
Cardiogenetics ; 12(2):133-141, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1818054

ABSTRACT

Eosinophilic pancarditis (EP) is a rare, often unrecognized condition caused by endomyocardial infiltration of eosinophil granulocytes (referred as eosinophilic myocarditis, EM) associated with pericardial involvement. EM has a variable clinical presentation, ranging from asymptomatic cases to acute cardiogenic shock requiring mechanical circulatory support (MCS) or chronic restrictive cardiomyopathy at high risk of progression to dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). EP is associated with high in‐hospital mortality, particularly when associated to endomyocardial thrombosis, coronary arteries vasculitis or severe left ventricular systolic dysfunction. To date, there is a lack of consensus about the optimal diagnostic algorithm and clinical management of patients with biopsy‐proven EP. The differential diagnosis includes hypersensitivity myocarditis, eosinophil granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA), hypereosinophilic syndrome, parasitic infections, pregnancy‐related hypereosinophilia, malignancies, drug overdose (particularly clozapine) and Omenn syndrome (OMIM 603554). To our knowledge, we report the first case of pancarditis associated to eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA) with negative anti‐neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA). Treatment with steroids and azathioprine was promptly started. Six months later, the patient developed a relapse: treatment with subcutaneous mepolizumab was added on the top of standard therapy, with prompt disease activity remission. This case highlights the role of a multimodality approach for the diagnosis of cardiac involvement associated to systemic immune disorders.

13.
Frontiers in Medicine ; 9, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1817974

ABSTRACT

Background: Severe COVID-19 pneumonia requiring intensive care treatment remains a clinical challenge to date. Dexamethasone was reported as a promising treatment option, leading to a reduction of mortality rates in severe COVID-19 disease. However, the effect of dexamethasone treatment on cardiac injury and pulmonary embolism remains largely elusive. Methods: In total 178 critically ill COVID-19 patients requiring intensive care treatment and mechanical ventilation were recruited in three European medical centres and included in the present retrospective study. One hundred thirteen patients (63.5%) were treated with dexamethasone for a median duration of 10 days (IQR 9–10). Sixty five patients (36.5%) constituted the non-dexamethasone control group. Results: While peak inflammatory markers were reduced by dexamethasone treatment, the therapy also led to a significant reduction in peak troponin levels (231 vs. 700% indicated as relative to cut off value, p = 0.001). Similar, dexamethasone resulted in significantly decreased peak D-Dimer levels (2.16 mg/l vs. 6.14 mg/l, p = 0.002) reflected by a significant reduction in pulmonary embolism rate (4.4 vs. 20.0%, p = 0.001). The antithrombotic effect of dexamethasone treatment was also evident in the presence of therapeutic anticoagulation (pulmonary embolism rate: 6 vs. 34.4%, p < 0.001). Of note, no significant changes in baseline characteristics were observed between the dexamethasone and non-dexamethasone group. Conclusion: In severe COVID-19, anti-inflammatory effects of dexamethasone treatment seem to be associated with a significant reduction in myocardial injury. Similar, a significant decrease in pulmonary embolism, independent of anticoagulation, was evident, emphasizing the beneficial effect of dexamethasone treatment in severe COVID-19.

14.
Frontiers in Endocrinology ; 13, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1817935

ABSTRACT

Prader–Willi syndrome (PWS) is a genetic disorder caused by the lack of expression of genes on the paternally inherited chromosome region 15q11.2-q13. It is a multisystem disorder that is characterized by severe hypotonia with poor suck and feeding difficulties in early infancy, followed in early childhood by excessive eating and gradual development of morbid obesity. The incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus is high, particularly in obese patients. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease has also been reported in some patients with PWS. Liver adenomatosis is a benign vascular lesion of the liver, defined by the presence of >10 adenomas, in the otherwise healthy liver parenchyma. We report the first case of a patient with PWS with severe obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and non-alcoholic fatty liver who also developed liver adenomatosis, review the pediatric literature on liver adenomatosis, and discuss the potential underlying mechanisms.

15.
Case Reports in Cardiology ; 2022, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1816872

ABSTRACT

Background. Currently, the literature regarding the management of COVID-19 induced cardiomyopathy with reduced ejection fraction is limited. In this case report, we present the first documented case of COVID-19 induced myocardial stunning leading to severely reduced LV systolic function that was reversed by the administration of corticosteroids and tocilizumab. Case Summary. A 39-year-old female with well controlled systemic hypertension, tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 RNA and underwent self-isolation for 14 days. Patient presented to our facility a month later with one-week history of progressively worsening generalized body aches, chills, fever, watery diarrhea, nausea with associated mild dry nonproductive cough, shortness of breath and nonspecific chest pain. Initial labs demonstrated that she was COVID-19 positive, elevated troponin (4.295 ng/ml), and elevated BNP (2,291 pg/ml). Her initial Transthoracic echocardiography demonstrated an Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) of 20-25% with apical akinesis. After administration of tocilizumab and corticosteroids, patient demonstrated interval improvement with LVEF improving to 50-55% within days. Her labs confirmed these findings with improved troponin (0.858 ng/ml) and BNP (209 pg/ml). Discussion. This case demonstrates that it can be safe and efficacious to use tocilizumab and corticosteroids in patients with COVID-19 induced cardiomyopathy. These finding suggest that cytokine storm is the predominant mechanism by which COVID-19 induced cardiomyopathy occurs. Additional studies are required to determine the role of corticosteroids and tocilizumab in management of this condition.

16.
Oxford Medical Case Reports ; 2022(3):79-82, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1816225

ABSTRACT

There is growing evidence that patients with severe systemic illness from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) are at risk for developing a variety of cardiac arrhythmias. Less is known about patients with milder symptoms. Here, we report on the case of a 62-year-old male, admitted to the hospital following an episode of syncope, who experienced multiple episodes of cardiac arrest due to asystole lasting up to 30 seconds. History revealed a recent asymptomatic COVID-19 infection, and recurrent episodes of prolonged asystole necessitated permanent pacemaker placement. To our knowledge, this is the first report of an asymptomatic COVID-19 patient experiencing prolonged asystole. Cardiac arrhythmias in asymptomatic or oligosymptomatic COVID-19 patients may be underestimated.

17.
Clinical Neurosurgery ; 67(SUPPL 1):194-195, 2020.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1816194

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: There are increasing reports of a pediatric multisystem inflammatory syndrome associated with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) that presents with varying clinical features, but includes features of Kawasaki disease or toxic shock syndrome. Symptoms include fever, rash, abdominal pain, vomiting, and diarrhea. Many patients present without any respiratory symptoms and testing for SARS-CoV-2 is often negative. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed. RESULTS: A 7-year-old previously healthy male presented with 3 days of fevers up to 102.4F, headaches, abdominal pain, and intractable vomiting. Both parents had tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 four weeks prior. Nasopharyngeal swab tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 RNA. Echocardiogram was normal. CT venogram of his head was negative for any pathology. He developed severe neck pain and persistent headache during his hospitalization. Soon after receiving hydroxychloroquine, he developed a facial rash and altered mental status with episodes of aphasia, agitation, and pinpoint pupils. He then became unresponsive with left gaze deviation. A non-contrast head CT and CT angiography were negative. He was given levetiracetam and cefazolin and transferred to the pediatric intensive care unit. An electroencephalogram (EEG) showed no epileptiform activity. Over the following 7 hours, the EEG demonstrated left frontotemporal slowing, which progressed into a loss of fast activity over the right hemisphere with increased delta activity in the left hemisphere, then abruptly changed to generalized voltage attenuation.He rapidly lost brainstem reflexes, developing fixed and dilated pupils. Repeat CT scan revealed diffuse cerebral edema with loss of gray-white differentiation. Lab results then were consistent with severe inflammation. An intracranial pressure monitor revealed pressures greater than 76 mmHg. His exam soon became consistent with brain death. Pathologic evaluation showed diffuse cerebral edema with perivascular mononuclear infiltrates. CONCLUSION: The cause of this pediatric multi-system inflammatory syndrome is unclear and the mechanism by which SARS-CoV-2 affects the nervous system is unknown. Pediatric patients with COVID-19 and neurologic symptoms should be closely monitored as they can rapidly decline due to fulminant cerebral edema.

18.
Journal of Surgical Case Reports ; 2021(12), 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1816148

ABSTRACT

Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) immunotherapy is a mainstay of adjunctive therapy for non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer. The instillation of BCG in the upper urinary tract after complete tumour eradication has also been studied and used after kidney-sparing management. It is effective in increasing the length of remission. However, it is also associated with rare but severe local and systemic side effects which may potentially become life-threatening. We present a case report of a 37-year-old gentleman who developed BCGosis following intra-renal instillation of BCG immunotherapy. The patient presented with systemic symptoms of jaundice, fever, myalgia and arthralgia, rather than local symptoms. Mycobacterium bovis infection was confirmed on blood cultures. The patient also developed hepatosplenomegaly, dyspnoea and pancytopaenia. BCGosis following intravesical instillation has been well documented in literature;to the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report documenting BCGosis following intra-renal instillation.

19.
International Journal of Cardiology ; 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-1814499

ABSTRACT

Aims We sought to determine, using advanced echocardiography, the prevalence and type of cardiovascular sequelae after COVID19 infection with marked elevation of cardiovascular biomarkers (CVB), and their prognostic implications. Methods All patients admitted from March 1st to May 25th, 2020 to a tertiary referral hospital were included. Those with cardiovascular diseases or dead during admission were excluded. Patients with hs-TnI > 45 ng/L, NT-proBNP>300 pg/ml, and D-dimer >8000 ng/ml were matched with COVID controls (three biomarkers within the normal range) based on intensive care requirements and age, and separately analyzed. Results From 2025 patients, 80 patients with significantly elevated CVB and 29 controls were finally included. No differences in baseline characteristics were observed among groups, but elevated CVB patients were sicker. Follow-up echocardiograms showed no differences among groups regarding LVEF and only slight differences between groups within the normal range. Hs-TnI patients had lower myocardial work and longitudinal strain. The presence of an abnormal echocardiogram was more frequent in the elevated CVB group compared to controls (23.8 vs 10.3%, P = 0.123) but mainly associated with mild abnormalities in deformation parameters. Management did not change in any case and no major cardiovascular events except deep vein thrombosis occurred after a median follow-up of 7 months. Conclusion Minimal abnormalities in cardiac structure and function are observed in COVID19 survivors without previous cardiovascular diseases who presented a significant CVB rise at admission, with no impact on patient management or short-term prognosis. These results do not support a routine screening program after discharge in this population.

20.
International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging ; 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1813722

ABSTRACT

There are still many gaps in our knowledge regarding the direct cardiovascular injuries due to COVID-19 infection. In this study, we tried to find out the effect of SARS-CoV-2 infection on cardiac function in patients without any history of structural heart disease by electrocardiographic and echocardiographic evaluations. This was a cross-sectional study on patients with COVID-19 infection admitted to Imam Reza hospital, Mashhad, Iran between 14 April and 21 September 2020. COVID-19 infection was verified by a positive reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay for SARS-CoV-2 using nasopharyngeal/oropharyngeal samples. We enrolled all patients over 18 years old with definite diagnosis of COVID-19 infection. All patients underwent a comprehensive transthoracic echocardiography at the first week of admission. Clinical and imaging data were collected prospectively. In total, 142 patients were enrolled in this study. The mean age of participants was 60.69 ± 15.70 years (range: 30–90 years). Most patients were male (82, 57.7%). Multivariate analysis showed that O2 saturation at admission was independently a predictor of re-hospitalization (P < 0.001). RV size (P < 0.001), dyslipidemia (P < 0.001), ejection fraction (EF) (P < 0.001), age (P = 0.020), systolic blood pressure (P = 0.001), O2 saturation (P = 0.018) and diabetes (P = 0.025) independently predicted 30-days mortality. Echocardiography can be used for risk assessment in patients with COVID-19, especially in those with previous history of diabetes and dyslipidemia. The infection could result in ventricular dysfunction, even in those without previous history of structural heart disease.

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