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1.
BMC Med ; 20(1):312, 2022.
Article in English | PubMed | ID: covidwho-2038745

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The results of a randomised trial showed the safety and efficacy of Gam-COVID-Vac against COVID-19. However, compared to other vaccines used across the globe, the real-world data on the effectiveness of Gam-COVID-Vac, especially against the disease caused by the Delta variant of concern, was limited. We aimed to assess the effectiveness of vaccination mainly conducted with Gam-COVID-Vac in St. Petersburg, Russia. METHODS: We designed a case-control study to assess the vaccine effectiveness (VE) against referral to hospital. Self-reported vaccination status was collected for individuals with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection who were referred for initial low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) triage in two outpatient centres in July 3-August 9, 2021, in St. Petersburg, Russia. We used logistic regression models to estimate the adjusted (for age, sex, and triage centre) VE for complete (14 days or more after the second dose) vaccination. We estimated the VE against referral for hospital admission, COVID-19-related lung injury assessed with LDCT, and decline in oxygen saturation. RESULTS: In the final analysis, 13,893 patients were included, 1291 (9.3%) patients met our criteria for complete vaccination status, and 495 (3.6%) were referred to hospital. In the primary analysis, the adjusted VE against referral to hospital was 81% (95% confidence interval: 68-88) for complete vaccination. The VE against referral to hospital was more pronounced in women (84%, 95% CI: 66-92) compared to men (76%, 95% CI: 51-88). Vaccine protective effect increased with increasing lung injury categories, from 54% (95% CI: 48-60) against any sign of lung injury to 76% (95% CI: 59-86) against more than 50% lung involvement. A sharp increase was observed in the probability of hospital admission with age for non-vaccinated patients in relation to an almost flat relationship for the completely vaccinated group. CONCLUSIONS: COVID-19 vaccination was effective against referral to hospital in patients with symptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infection in St. Petersburg, Russia. This protection is probably mediated through VE against lung injury associated with COVID-19.

2.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 22(1):1190, 2022.
Article in English | PubMed | ID: covidwho-2038740

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Mass community testing for SARS-CoV-2 by lateral flow devices (LFDs) aims to reduce prevalence in the community. However its effectiveness as a public heath intervention is disputed. METHOD: Data from a mass testing pilot in the Borough of Merthyr Tydfil in late 2020 was used to model cases, hospitalisations, ICU admissions and deaths prevented. Further economic analysis with a healthcare perspective assessed cost-effectiveness in terms of healthcare costs avoided and QALYs gained. RESULTS: An initial conservative estimate of 360 (95% CI: 311-418) cases were prevented by the mass testing, representing a would-be reduction of 11% of all cases diagnosed in Merthyr Tydfil residents during the same period. Modelling healthcare burden estimates that 24 (16-36) hospitalizations, 5 (3-6) ICU admissions and 15 (11-20) deaths were prevented, representing 6.37%, 11.1% and 8.2%, respectively of the actual counts during the same period. A less conservative, best-case scenario predicts 2333 (1764-3115) cases prevented, representing 80% reduction in would-be cases. Cost -effectiveness analysis indicates 108 (80-143) QALYs gained, an incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of £2,143 (£860-£4,175) per QALY gained and net monetary benefit of £6.2 m (£4.5 m-£8.4 m). In the best-case scenario, this increases to £15.9 m (£12.3 m-£20.5 m). CONCLUSIONS: A non-negligible number of cases, hospitalisations and deaths were prevented by the mass testing pilot. Considering QALYs gained and healthcare costs avoided, the pilot was cost-effective. These findings suggest mass testing with LFDs in areas of high prevalence (> 2%) is likely to provide significant public health benefit. It is not yet clear whether similar benefits will be obtained in low prevalence settings or with vaccination rollout.

3.
BMC Public Health ; 22(1):1803, 2022.
Article in English | PubMed | ID: covidwho-2038718

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Studies of mRNA and vector-based vaccines used in different countries report acceptable levels of effectiveness against SARS-CoV-2 infection caused by the Delta variants of SARS-CoV-2. No studies estimated vaccine effectiveness (VE) of Gam-COVID-Vac and other vaccines used in Russia against symptomatic infection with Delta variant. In this population-based case-control study, we aimed to estimate the effectiveness of the Russian COVID-19 vaccines against symptomatic SARS-CoV-2 during the recent outbreak caused by the Delta VOC in October 2021 in St. Petersburg, Russia. METHODS: Cases were symptomatic patients with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 (using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test) referred to low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) triage in two outpatient centres between October 6 and 14, 2021 during the Delta variant outbreak. We recruited the controls during the representative survey of the seroprevalence study conducted during the same period in St. Petersburg using random digit dialling. In the primary analysis, we used logistic regression models to estimate the adjusted (age, sex, and history of confirmed COVID-19) VE against symptomatic SARS-CoV-2 resulted in a referral to triage centre for three vaccines used in Russia: Gam-COVID-Vac, EpiVacCorona, and CoviVac. RESULTS: We included 1,254 cases and 2,747 controls recruited between the 6th and 14th of October in the final analysis. VE was 56% (95% CI: 48 to 63) for Gam-COVID-Vac (Sputnik V), 49% (95% CI: 29 to 63) for 1-dose Gam-COVID-Vac (Sputnik V) or Sputnik Light, -58% (95% CI: -225 to 23) for EpiVacCorona and 40% (95% CI: 3 to 63) for CoviVac. Without adjustment for the history of confirmed COVID-19 VE for all vaccines was lower, except for one-dose Gam-COVID-Vac (Sputnik Light). The adjusted VE was slightly lower in women - 51% (95% CI: 39 to 60) than men - 65% (95% CI: 5 to 73). CONCLUSIONS: Our preliminary results show that in contrast to other Russian vaccines, Gam-COVID-Vac is effective against symptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infection caused by Delta VOC. Effectiveness is likely higher than the estimated 56% due to bias arising from high prevalence of the past COVID-19 in St. Petersburg.

4.
Open Forum Infect Dis ; 9(9):ofac449, 2022.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-2037503

ABSTRACT

Background: Waning protection from 2 doses of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccines led to third dose availability in multiple countries even before the emergence of the Omicron variant. Methods: We used the test-negative study design to estimate vaccine effectiveness (VE) against any severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection, any symptomatic infection, and severe outcomes (COVID-19-related hospitalizations or death) by time since second dose of any combination of BNT162b2, mRNA-1273, and ChAdOx1 between January 11, and November 21, 2021, for subgroups based on patient and vaccine characteristics. Results: We included 261 360 test-positive cases (of any SARS-CoV-2 lineage) and 2 783 699 individuals as test-negative controls. VE of 2 mRNA vaccine doses decreased from 90% (95% CI, 90%-90%) 7-59 days after the second dose to 75% (95% CI, 72%-78%) after >/=240 days against infection, decreased from 94% (95% CI, 84%-95%) to 87% (95% CI, 85%-89%) against symptomatic infection, and remained stable (98% [95% CI, 97%-98%] to 98% [95% CI, 96%-99%]) against severe outcomes. Similar trends were seen with heterologous ChAdOx1 and mRNA vaccine schedules. VE estimates for dosing intervals <35 days were lower than for longer intervals (eg, VE of 2 mRNA vaccines against symptomatic infection at 120-179 days was 86% [95% CI, 85%-88%] for dosing intervals <35 days, 92% [95% CI, 91%-93%] for 35-55 days, and 91% [95% CI, 90%-92%] for >/=56 days), but when stratified by age group and subperiod, there were no differences between dosing intervals. Conclusions: Before the emergence of Omicron, VE of any 2-dose primary series, including heterologous schedules and varying dosing intervals, decreased over time against any infection and symptomatic infection but remained high against severe outcomes.

5.
Clin Microbiol Infect ; 2022 Aug 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2035886

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To describe effectiveness of mRNA vaccines by comparing 2-dose (2D) and 3-dose (3D) healthcare worker (HCW) recipients in the setting of Omicron variant dominance. Performance of 2D and 3D vaccine series against SARS-CoV-2 variants and the clinical outcomes of HCWs may inform return-to-work guidance. METHODS: In a retrospective study from December 15, 2020 - January 15, 2022, SARS CoV-2 infections among HCWs at a large tertiary cancer center in New York City (NYC) were examined to estimate infection rates over the omicron period (aggregated positive tests/person-days) and 95% CIs in 2D and 3D mRNA vaccinated HCWs and were compared using rate ratios. We describe the clinical features of post-vaccine infections and impact of prior (pre-Omicron) COVID infection on vaccine effectiveness (VE). RESULTS: Among the 20,857 HCWs in our cohort, 20,660 completed the 2D series with an mRNA vaccine during our study period and 12,461 had received a third dose by January 15, 2022. The infection rate ratio for 2D vs. 3D vaccinated HCWs was 0.667 (95% CI 0.623, 0.713) for an estimated 3D VE of 33.2% compared to 2 doses only during the Omicron dominant period from 12/15/21- 1/15/22. Breakthrough (BT) Omicron infections after 3D + 14 days occurred in 1315 HCWs. Omicron infections were mild, with 16% of 3D and 11% 2D HCWs being asymptomatic. CONCLUSIONS: Study demonstrates improved vaccine-derived protection against COVID-19 infection in 3D vs. 2D mRNA vaccinees during the Omicron surge. The advantage of 3D vaccination was maintained irrespective of prior COVID-19 infection status.

6.
Oncol Ther ; 2022.
Article in English | PubMed | ID: covidwho-2035466

ABSTRACT

Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) biologics, such as pegfilgrastim, are a standard of care in supportive cancer treatment that are administered once per chemotherapy cycle to reduce the incidence of febrile neutropenia. The high cost of these biologics in the United States can be a limiting factor to accessing care;however, lower-cost pegfilgrastim biosimilars have been available for several years for patients requiring prophylaxis of febrile neutropenia. Different options for pegfilgrastim administration are also now available to accommodate specific patient preferences. As patients may want to minimize the risk of both neutropenia and SARS-CoV-2 infection, same-day administration is a pertinent option during the present COVID-19 pandemic. Therefore, individualized, patient-centered approaches and risk-management strategies should be considered when selecting the treatment and administration method for prophylaxis of febrile neutropenia. Three methods of administration would minimize hospital or clinic visits while also providing the prophylactic effect of G-CSF: same-day administration after chemotherapy, use of the US Food and Drug Administration-approved on-body injector delivering pegfilgrastim approximately 27 h after chemotherapy, or self-administration by the patient or caregiver > 24 h after chemotherapy. Choice of the specific administration option should be based on the patient's specific needs, while also considering mitigating factors, such as the economic burden associated with biologic medications and the risk of COVID-19. Pegfilgrastim biosimilars can minimize the additional financial burden on patients and the health care system during this pandemic and beyond.

7.
Journal of STEM Education : Innovations and Research ; 23(3):5-11, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2034341

ABSTRACT

This study investigates the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on teacher self-efficacy with delivering designbased learning to elementary students in online or blended settings. This study also identifies what resources and supports teachers need to engage elementary students in design-based learning in online or blended settings. The population for this study was elementary teachers teaching STEM content and included a sample of four elementary STEM teachers from rural and suburban communities. Each participating teacher completed a semi-structured interview consisting of queries targeting both research questions within the study. The results of the qualitative analysis revealed a temporary decrease in teachers'selfefficacy at the beginning of the shift to a virtual environment. A lack of student access to resources at home, the teachers'lack of control and support for the student in a synchronous manner, and a shift in priorities for STEM education contributed to the temporary decrease in the teachers'self-efficacy. To remediate this, teachers reported condensing activities and the Engineering Design Process. They cited fellow educator support, previous coursework, additional time, and access to teacher resources as supports that would be beneficial in the current environment.

8.
NeuroQuantology ; 20(10):4249-4257, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2033479

ABSTRACT

Background: With the advent of the coronavirus pandemic, Higher Education Organizations (HEOs), including medical schools, started using online education to effectively teach, and evaluate students’ performances. An increasingly popular contemporary modality offered by the digital e-learning market is a Learning Management System (LMS). Aims and Objectives: The aim isto assess Moodle v. 3.9 as a tool to conduct online medical examinations. The objectives are: 1. To collect student feedback 2. To discuss technical aspects with Moodle experts 3. To implement necessary changes based on the feedback and discussion Material and Methods: A short-term longitudinal observational study was conducted at the Symbiosis Medical College for Women, Pune, India to collect feedback from 143 students with regards to their online exam experience with Moodle and the technical difficulties they faced were noted. In collaboration with software experts, certain technical changes pertaining to bandwidth requirements were implemented. Results: We observed that the students require extra time as compared to the online exam scenario for conversion of their answer sheets into PDFs, and this technical aspect needs to be considered while designing such exams. We also established the server bandwidth that is essential for an uninterrupted online exam experience at the institute level. Lastly, student feedback suggested that the online examination environment is perceived as more stressful, compared to its live counterpart. Conclusion: We conclude that cost-effectiveness, user-friendly interface, and a multitude of assessment-related features make Moodle an efficient tool for conducting online medical examinationsattheundergraduatelevel.

9.
NeuroQuantology ; 20(10):2908-2915, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2033475

ABSTRACT

Background: A severe antibody-mediated inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system is neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD). Azathioprine (AZA) and Rituximab (RTX) were used to treat NMO-SD patients though not FDA approved yet. Aim of the study: To compare the effectiveness and safety of rituximab treatment versus azathioprine in treating individuals with NMOSDs. Methods: Seventy four Egyptian individuals with NMOSDs in this retrospective observational study and collecting their medical records from multiple sclerosis (MS) clinics, Neurology Departments, El-Maadi Military Hospital, and Cairo University hospitals. Fourty four patients received either treatment over two year duration, Group 1 (rituximab group) consisted of 19 patients, while group 2 (azathioprine group) consisted of 25 patients. Their full medical history, general and neurological examination, MRI brain and spinal cord results, and laboratory investigation were collected including immune assays and AQP-4 antibody. Results: There was no statistically significant difference between the groups in terms of brain MRI data at the baseline and outcomes. Between the two groups, there were statistically significant differences in last observer spinal MRI (p=0.025), annual relapse rate before treatment with RTX group (P=0.021), EDSS pretreatment (p=0.005), annual relapse rate post-treatment. When it came to the number of relapses after treatment, there was a high statistically significant difference between the two groups (p=0.016), with group 1 (RTX group) having zero relapses. There was a statistically significant decrease comparing EDDS scores pre-and post-treatment regarding the RTX group (p=0.003). Adverse events were Infusion rate reaction (5.3%) and pneumonic COVID (9.5%) of patients. Conclusion: RTX is more helpful and less harmful for NMO-SD patients than AZA.

10.
International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research ; 13(9):3786-3791, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2033428

ABSTRACT

Covid-19 associated mucormycosis rose sharply during India’s 2nd wave of coronavirus infections. The administration of immunosuppressive drugs led to increased susceptibility of patients to oppurtunistic diseases like mucormycosis. One of the causative species of mucormycosis is Rhizopus microsporus. For this study, we choose two chalcones and examined their ability to act as potential anti-mucormycosis agents by inhibiting the R. microsporus endo β-1,4-Mannanase protein. We studied their possibility to inhibit the SARSCoV-2 main protease and RNA dependent RNA polymerase. The chalcones were docked against the proteins of interest using Autodock 4.0 followed by Molecular dynamics simulation. Our study revealed that 2’, 4’-dihydroxychalcone had the best docking with the endo β-1,4-Mannanase protein with steady root mean square deviation values and showed favourable docking with the SARS-CoV-2 proteins while passing all the drug likeliness filters. Thus 2’, 4’-dihydroxychalcone can be put through further verification to test its efficacy against the causative agents of mucormycosis and the Covid-19 pandemic.

11.
Vaccines ; 10(8), 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2033167

ABSTRACT

The term hybrid immunity is used to denote the immunological status of vaccinated individuals with a history of natural infection. Reports of new SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern motivate continuous rethought and renewal of COVID-19 vaccination programs. We used a naturalistic case-control study design to compare the effectiveness of the BNT162b2 mRNA vaccine to hybrid immunity 180 days post-vaccination in prioritized and non-prioritized populations vaccinated before 31 July 2021 in three Swedish counties (total population 1,760,000). Subjects with a positive SARS-CoV-2 test recorded within 6 months before vaccination (n = 36,247;6%) were matched to vaccinated-only controls. In the prioritized population exposed to the SARS-CoV-2 Alpha and Delta variants post-vaccination, the odds ratio (OR) for breakthrough infection was 2.2 (95% CI, 1.6–2.8;p < 0.001) in the vaccinated-only group compared with the hybrid immunity group, while in the later vaccinated non-prioritized population, the OR decreased from 4.3 (95% CI, 2.2–8.6;p < 0.001) during circulation of the Delta variant to 1.9 (95% CI, 1.7–2.1;p < 0.001) with the introduction of the Omicron variant (B.1.617.2). We conclude that hybrid immunity provides gains in protection, but that the benefits are smaller for risk groups and with circulation of the Omicron variant and its sublineages.

12.
Therapeutic Advances in Infectious Disease ; 9, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2032594
13.
BMJ Supportive and Palliative Care ; 11:A37, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2032472

ABSTRACT

Background St Gemma's Hospice offered an onsite breathlessness group for two years. In late 2019 the content was reviewed, and in January 2020 a reviewed programme was piloted (P1) incorporating self-management strategies for patients experiencing breathlessness, fatigue and anxiety. COVID-19 restrictions led to the move to a video version, (P2) patients watching at home supported with telephone follow up. Aim To provide a comprehensive new programme, enabling education sessions to continue for patients whilst unable to attend in person. This allowed us to explore use of video as an education resource and consider if there were long term benefits for retaining this model of education delivery. Methods Developed the project by pre-programme literature search, previous model evaluation, gap analysis, and model planning. To move the project online scripted and visual resources were developed, recorded sessions on Zoom, uploading to a secure video platform accessed by password. Pre- and post- course patient VAS scores of management of symptoms, feedback from patients and staff, comparison patient numbers for onsite and online sessions and analysis of cost effectiveness. Results P1 = 15 patients Jan 2020 - March 2020. P2 = 72 patients August 2020 and March 2021. Manage symptoms on a VAS of 1-10, 1 = not managing;10 = well managing Breathlessness, mean improvement -1.4 Fatigue, mean improvement - 0.55 Anxiety, mean improvement - 2.4 Positive feedback;ongoing accessibility to toolkit resources, patient self-efficacy Cost;Onsite per patient = £116.31 versus Online Program = £76.30 Conclusions Mean values for pre- and post- evaluations indicate improvement of patients' ability to self-manage except for fatigue which was inconclusive. Consideration is required of patients' suitability, symptoms/technical ability. Offering virtual education sessions widened access for patients who struggled to attend on site due to transport, mobility or high volume oxygen. Video education is as effective as face-to-face.

14.
HemaSphere ; 6:3982, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2032174

ABSTRACT

Background: Rituximab is one of the second-line treatments for ITP. At present, there are few studies on low-dose rituximab, lacking of a large number of prospective and randomized trials to support the efficacy and safety of lowdose rituximab, especially in children's ITP. Influenced by COVID-19, we used two low-dose rituximab regimens before and after March 2020 for second-line treatment of children's ITP. Aims: To compare the efficacy and safety of two different regimens for low-dose rituximab of children patients with chronic /refractory ITP, so as to provide basis for clinical treatment. Methods: 83 children patients were enrolled in this study and non-randomly assigned to receive 100mg/200mg (body weight 30kg) rituximab weekly for 4 weeks (group A, 53 cases) or a single dose of 375mg / m2 rituximab (group B, 30cases). The study was follow-up for at least half a year. Results: The baseline data of group A and B were the same. For group A: Overall and complete response (OR and CR) rates were 35.8% and 15%, respectively;the side effects rate is 3.8%. In responders, the median time to response was 4 (1 -12) weeks, with a median follow-up time of 12 (6 ∼ 36) months, 6 of 19 responders (31.6%) relapsed. For group B: OR and CR rates were 36.7% and 23%, respectively;the side effects rate is 10%. In responders, the median time to response was 1 (1 ∼ 4) weeks, with a median follow-up time of 11.5 (6 ∼ 17) months, 4 of 11 responders (36.4%) relapsed. No significant difference in the OR, NR, relapse free survival and incidence of side effects was observed in patients between the two groups. Image: Summary/Conclusion: The two low-dose rituximab regimens in the treatment of ITP in children both are safe and effective;The single-agent scheme is more recommended because of easier use and not increasing safety events.

15.
HemaSphere ; 6:1395-1396, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2032168

ABSTRACT

Background: Persistent cytopenia due to poor graft function (PGF) is a life-threatening complication in patients undergoing allogeneic HSCT (allo-HSCT). Several therapeutic approaches have been tested in this subset of patients with poor clinical results. Aims: The objective of this multicenter open-label interventional prospective phase II Novartis study (ELTION, ClinicalTrials.gov id: NCT03718533), was to analyze efficacy and safety of EPAG in patients with post-allo-HSCT poor graft function. Methods: Adult patients diagnosed with PGF (defined as severe cytopenia after day +30 post-transplant, with two or more of the following: platelets <20000/μL-mandatory-, ANC <1000/μL, hemoglobin< 10 g/dL), and full donor chimerism, were eligible to enter the trial. Study treatment consisted of EPAG. at 150 mg/day administered up to 36 weeks;dose adjustments were contemplated as per protocol on an individual basis. The primary efficacy endpoint was the overall hematologic response (partial and complete), as determined by platelet, hemoglobin and neutrophil counts by 16 weeks after the initiation of EPAG. Results: Although the aim of the study was to include 33 patients, recruitment stopped prematurely due to the difficulties for hospital visits posed during COVID-19 pandemic, and eventually only 10 patients were included. The decision for this premature termination is not related to any safety concern related to the drug. Patient characteristics are shown in the table 1 attached below. At EPAG. initiation, all 10 patients showed thrombocytopenia (<20000/μcL), 5 presented with anemia (Hgb <10 g/dL), and 4 had neutropenia (ANC <1000/μcL). Four patients discontinued EPAG before week 12 due to: disease progression/relapse (2 patients), protocol deviation (1 patient), and CMV infection (1 patient). In none of the cases, the event was related to study drug. At week 16, 4 patients (4/10, 40%) and at week 24, 5 patients, showed improvement in at least one of the 3 hematologic cell lines (partial response), respectively. Counts pre-and post-EPAG and global response in patients who stayed on treatment > 12 weeks are displayed below: Image: Summary/Conclusion: In our experience, EPAG worked well in subjects with PGF, an otherwise life-threatening condition for patients, and its use at 150 mg/day is safe and well tolerated in this setting. Our data suggest that eltrombopag might improve hematologic cell counts in patients with PGF, especially in those patients who remained on treatment at week 24, however further research is warranted to extend its applicability for larger cohorts.

16.
HemaSphere ; 6:2000-2001, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2032165

ABSTRACT

Background: Waldenström macroglobulinemia (WM) is an indolent lymphoma with a prolonged disease course which typically follows a remitting and relapsing trajectory, eventually leading to treatment resistance. Several treatment options exist including Bruton tyrosine kinase inhibitors (BTKi), rituximab-containing regimens, and bortezomibcontaining regimens. Treatment selection is based on patient performance status, disease characteristics, drug tolerability and availability. Aims: To assess the effectiveness and tolerability of bortezomib-based regimens in WM. Methods: Data for patients who had Bortezomib-containing regimens between 2010 and 2021 from 6 centres in the United Kingdom were retrospectively reviewed. Data was acquired from the WMUK Rory Morrison Registry. Research ethics approval was obtained. Results: Thirty-four patients were identified: 32/34 had Bortezomib-containing regimens once and 2/34 had >1 Bortezomib-containing regimens on separate occasions, giving a total of 38 subcutaneous Bortezomib-containing regimens administered at bi-weekly and weekly schedules. Median age was 62 years (37-87), with a median of 2 prior lines of therapy (0-7), at a median duration of 49.6 months from date of WM diagnosis (0.7-422). 5 patients received a prior BTKi, with the Bortezomib regimen prescribed following a median of 3 prior lines of therapy (2-5) in this group. Patients who were treated at first line had elected for non-chemotherapy regimens. Median performance status was 1 (0-2) in 23 evaluable patients. The median M-protein at initiation was 34.5g/l (8-60) with bone marrow infiltration 70%, and haemoglobin 94g/l (88-107). A median of 5 cycles (1-8) were delivered and 65% (13/20) received a dose of 1.6mg/m2 and 35% (7/20) received 1.3mg/m2. Grade (G) 1 to 2 neuropathy occurred in 19% (5/26) of evaluable patients but did not result in treatment cessation in any case. Six of 25 (24%) needed a dose reduction, the majority due to G1-2 neuropathy (67%;4/6). Gastrointestinal disturbance occurred in 12% (3/26) patients, 1 required admission with G4 diarrhoea and remaining cases were G1. Of 34 evaluable cases, major response rate (≥ PR) was 74% (5 CR, 6 VGPR, 14 PR). 62% (8/13) of patients receiving 1.6mg/m2 achieved a major response and 86% (6/7) of those who received 1.3mg/m2. Three of 5 patients who had prior BTKi achieved PR, 1 MR, 1 SD. Two patients had treatment discontinued due refractory disease. The overall median time to best response was 81 days from end of treatment. Six of 19 (26%) evaluable patients achieved best response during therapy. Two patients died during treatment due to infection (COVID;respiratory sepsis), not attributable to disease relapse. Eighteen patients (60%;18/30) had treatment after bortezomib regimens at a median of 5.3 months (0-75) and are alive. Median follow up was 30 months (1-111). Twenty-one evaluable patients (72%;21/29) were alive at the end of follow up. Image: Summary/Conclusion: This retrospective real-world analysis shows that bortezomib-containing regimens have utility in WM with effective major response rates even in those with multiple prior lines of therapy and heavy marrow infiltration including BTKi failures. Lower bortezomib doses are effective, and GI and neurotoxicity are manageable with dose reductions but no treatment discontinuations in this real-world cohort indicating an acceptable safety profile.

17.
HemaSphere ; 6:1059-1060, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2032148

ABSTRACT

Background: In the largest study of Baliakas et al. (2019) the presence of at least 5 abnormalities, was associated with dismal clinical outcome, independently of the somatic hypermutation status and TP53 status. The presence of 3 or 4 aberrations is defined as clinically relevant in the absence of TP53. Studies by Kittai (2021) and Al-Sawaf (2020) showed the impact of karyotypic complexity on survival in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) treated with ibrutinib or venetoclax. The complex karyotype (CK) is a topic that is being intensively researched, both in the aspect of increasing karyotypic complexity stratification and clonal evolution. Optimal therapy for patients with CLL has not yet been developed. The combination therapy of ibrutinib and venetoclax was superior to chlorambucil and obinutuzumab in terms of undetectable minimal residual disease (MRD) responses according to data from the GLOW trial (Tunir, 2021). The importance of achieving a complete response with undetectable MRD as the goal of therapy in CLL was proposed (Montserrat, 2005). Aims: The aim of our study is to evaluate the effectiveness of therapy with ibrutinib and venetoclax in combination for the patients with CLL and CK. Methods: This ambilinear observational study included patients with CLL with high genetic complexity (high-CK), defined as >=5 aberrations or CK (>=3 aberrations) in combination with a 17p deletion (CK+del17p). The first retrospective cohort included patients treated with ibrutinib monotherapy (Imono) to progression or intolerable toxicity since May 2015. The second prospective cohort included patients receiving ibrutinib in combination with venetoclax (IVen) since July 2019. Venetoclax therapy was started at the 3rd month of ibrutinib (from the escalation phase). Combination therapy was continued until a complete response, defined as three consecutive PET-CT-negative and MRD-negative results 3 months apart. If this criterion was not achieved at 24th month of therapy, venetoclax was discontinued and ibrutinib continued indefinitely. Results: Seventy-nine patients are included in the study. Twenty-nine patients in the first cohort and 50 patients in the second cohort. The characteristic is presented in Table. At the current follow-up periods, there were no significant differences in PFS and OS regarding a follow-up period <= 24 months (with the exception of death from COVID-19, since patients were not observed at parallel time intervals). In the group of patients treated with Imono, the majority of patients achieved partial remission or partial remission with lymphocytosis by 12 months. In 21 patients from Iven group, with a median follow-up of 7.4 months, a complete remission was achieved (72.4%);of these, 8 had unmeasurable MRD. Four patients did not complete the escalation period. There was a significant difference in the median MRD response achieved between 3 (log10>10) and 12 (log10<0,1) months in IVen group (p=0,03). In 2 patient from the IVen group progression of the disease was noted. Summary/Conclusion: Combination therapy with ibrutinib and venetoclax is an effective oral regimen for high-risk patients with complex karyotype disorders. PFS in both groups is currently not significantly different, which is obviously due to the short follow-up period. Patients receiving the IVen regimen achieve a significantly better response, which paves the way for allogeneic transplantation in these patients.

18.
HemaSphere ; 6:3644-3645, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2032103

ABSTRACT

Background: On 2019, the FDA and later the EMA granted approval to polatuzumab vedotin-piiq, a CD79b-directed antibodydrug conjugate indicated in combination with bendamustine and rituximab (P-BR) for adult patients with relapsed or refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), not otherwise specified (NOS), after at least two prior therapies. P-BR has demonstrated (NCT02257567) better overall response rates (complete and partial responses) compared with BR alone (63% vs 25%) and response durations of at least 12 months in 48% of the patients. The most common adverse reactions with P-BR (incidence at least 20%) included cytopenias (most common reason for treatment discontinuation), peripheral neuropathy, fatigue, diarrhea, pyrexia, decreased appetite and pneumonia. Serious adverse reactions occurred in 64%, most often from infection. Aims: To analyze results in terms of efficacy and safety of the P-BR regimen in real life conditions. Methods: Observational, retrospective study in 3 academic centers. Adult patients (≥ 18 years old) diagnosed with DLBCL NOS R/R who received P-BR between July 2019 and December 2021 were included in the analysis. Results: 11 patients were treated with P-BR. The mean (SD) age was 70.1 (8.2) years (Range 57-81 years). Cell of origin was informed in 9/11 cases, 6 of them were activated B-cell (ABC) subtype. No double-/triple-hit lymphomas were confirmed. The median number of prior lines of therapy before P-BR was 2, with most patients (63%) refractory to the last treatment. All patients had received anti-CD20 (Rituximab) on prior treatments and only 2 (18%) Bendamustine. Baseline characteristics are shown in table 1. Efficacy Seven patients were evaluated by PET-CT after 3 cycles, 4 (57%) achieved CR and 3 PR (43%). Five patients achieved CR by PET-CT at the end of treatment. One of these patients is still in CR after 12 months of follow up and three of them after 24 months from the start of P-BR. One patient relapsed after 19 months. Of the patients achieving CR, all of them had responses >12 months. Only 3/5 completed the 6 cycles scheme, 1 patient received 5 cycles (treatment was interrupted due to an invasive fungal infection) and 1 patient received only 2 cycles as bridge therapy for and autoHCT and achieved CR after transplantation. 1 patient was refractory to treatment and progressed after 2 cycles. Toxicity: All patients were evaluated for toxicity. 63% (7/11) of them presented hematological toxicity, mainly neutropenia which required GCSF administration and 71% RBC transfusion. Two patients required hospital admission because of neutropenic fever. There were 3 documented cases of SARS-CoV-2 infection. Two patients had moderate disease with bilateral pneumonia (vaccinated) after the 2° cycle of treatment which is temporarily interrupted. One patient completed 6 cycles but died of severe SARS-CoV2 infection (unvaccinated) before being assessed for response at end of treatment. Two patients interrupted treatment definitely because of toxicity: severe cytopenia and invasive fungal infection. No other extra hematological toxicities were reported. Image: Summary/Conclusion: The P-BR regimen provides sustained good results for patients with R/R DLBCL who have failed treatment with prior therapies. Cytopenias were the most frequent form of toxicity and were easily addressed in most cases. In our experience, SARS-CoV2 infection has been a challenge due to delay in treatment and high morbidity and mortality.

19.
HemaSphere ; 6:2865-2866, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2032101

ABSTRACT

Background: Initially, the marketing authorization (MA) of EPAG and ROMI was to adult patients (p.) with ITP ≥12 months (m.) and refractory to other treatments (t.), splenectomized or contraindicated to splenectomy. The MA was extended for EPAG in 2019 to p. aged ≥1 year with ITP ≥6 m., refractory to other t. (corticoids (CS), IgIV). In 2017, French national guidelines suggested the use of TPO-RA as an option of t. in 2nd line (L). Aims: The PEPITE study, still ongoing, aims to assess the modalities of use, effectiveness and safety of TPO-RAs in reallife. Methods: Prospective, observational, multicenter study including adult p. who initiated TPO-RA with persistent (pITP) or chronic (cITP) ITP. Inclusions occurred between 12/21/2018 and 07/17/2020. Here's the interim analysis, cut-off date: 03/22/2021. Characteristics at baseline were presented in 114 p. (analyzed pop). Efficacy analysis of TPO-RA was assessed in p. with a platelet count (PLAT) <100 G/L at TPO-RA initiation (efficacy pop 113 p.). Responses were defined as: response (R) = PLAT ≥30 G/L, complete response (CR) = PLAT ≥100 G/L and non-response (NR) = PLAT <30 G/L. Results: 123 p. included through 40 centers by 25 hematologists and 15 internists, and 77 p. were still on TPO-RA at 6 m. At baseline, mean age 62.7 ± 20.1 years, 55% men, 29% with at least 1 cardiovascular risk factor. At diagnosis: median PLAT = 26 G/L [0 to 134 G/L], 31% of p. with bleedings. 97% of p. received at least one L of t. before TPO-RA: CS 96%, IVIG 56%, rituximab 47%, dapsone 18%, hydroxychloroquine 11%, danazol 6% and 7% of p. were splenectomized. Median number L of t. = 2 and 8% of p. had more than 4 L. Median time between diagnosis and TPO-RA initiation was 2.6 years [0.3 to 49.3 years], 33% of p. with pITP (n=21 with ITP 3 -<6 months, n=16 with ITP 6 - <12 months) and 67% with cITP. At TPO-RA initiation: 9% of p. were on CS and 48% p. had PLAT <30 G/L (median PLAT = 30 G/L), 95 p. (83%) received EPAG and 19 p. (17%) ROMI. For the 77 p. still on TPO-RA at 6 m., R rate = 97% and CR = 60%. Within 6 m., 10 p. had permanently (perm.) discontinued TPO-RA, main causes were therapeutic effect deemed sufficient (TEDS) for 6 p. and NR for 2 p. For the 27 p. still treated with TPO-RA at 18 m., R rate = 93% and CR = 48%. Within 18 m., 12 p. had perm. stopped TPO-RA, including 7 p. for TEDS and 1 p. NR. P. initiated TPO-RA with ITP 3 -<6 months (N = 21), 9 (43%) p. were still on TPO-RA at 6 months, 5 (56%) in CR. Over the entire follow-up, 24p. (21%) perm. discontinued TPO-RA, main causes were TEDS for 9 p., adverse event (AE) for 5 p. and absence of R for 4 p. Of the 105 p. treated with EPAG at least once, 62 (59%) experienced at least one AE, and 26 SAE occurred in 17 p. The most common AEs were respectively 6% for headache and 3% for SARS-CoV-2 infections, diarrhea, asthenia, insomnia, arthralgia and alopecia. Of the 40 p. treated with ROMI at least once, 19 (48%) experienced at least one AE and 17 SAEs occurred in 10 p. The most common AEs: SARS-CoV-2 infections (5%) and arthralgias (5%). No deaths related to TPO-RA was reported. Summary/Conclusion: Preliminary data from the PEPITE study show that TPO-RA are prescribed in early ITP, including 33% with pITP (18% with ITP 3-<6 m.) and are used in 7% of cases after splenectomy. At 6 m. R on t. was 97% and CR on t. was 60%. Within 6 m., 6 p. had perm. stopped TPO-RA due to TEDS. The real-life effectiveness and safety data for EPAG and ROMI are consistent with data reported in extension studies, with the specificity of occurrence of SARS-CoV-2. The final analysis is scheduled after 24 m.

20.
Journal of the Canadian Association of Gastroenterology ; 5, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2032060

ABSTRACT

Background: Telemedicine has emerged as a feasible adjunct to in-person care in multiple clinical contexts, including inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and its role has expanded in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. However, there exists a general paucity of information surrounding best practice recommendations for conducting specialty or disease-specific virtual care. Aims: The purpose of this study was to systematically review existing best practice guidelines for conducting telemedicine encounters, both in general and specific to patients with IBD. Methods: A systematic review of MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) of existing guidelines for the provision of virtual care was performed. Data was synthesized using the Synthesis Without Meta-Analysis (SWiM) guideline, and the AGREE II tool was used to evaluate quality of evidence Results: A total of 60 studies providing guidance for virtual care encounters were included;52% of these were published during the COVID-19 pandemic. No gastroenterology-specific guidelines were found. The majority (95%) of provider guidelines specified a type of virtual encounter to which their guidelines applied. Of included studies, 65% provided guidance regarding confidentiality/security, 58% discussed technology/setup, and 56% commented on patient consent. 31 studies also provided guidance to patients or caregivers. Overall guideline quality was poor. Conclusions: General best practices for successful telemedicine encounters include ensuring confidentiality and consent, preparation prior to a visit, and clear patient communication. Future studies should aim to objectively assess the efficacy of existing clinician practices in order to further optimize the provision of virtual care for specific populations, such as patients with IBD. (Table Presented) .

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