Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 1.613
Filter
Add filters

Year range
1.
Ekonomika Sel'skokhozyaistvennykh i Pererabatyvayushchikh Predpriyatii ; JOUR:19-22, 5.
Article in English, Russian | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2100935

ABSTRACT

The article considers various aspects affecting the regional labor market, arising from the coronavirus pandemic, and then aggravated by the imposition of international sanctions against the Russian Federation. It is shown what are the features of a labor-surplus region and its agro-industrial complex. The economic levers and methods allowing to smooth out the negative impact of sanctions measures on the economy of the region, including the agricultural sector, are considered.

2.
Personnel Review ; JOUR
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2097580

ABSTRACT

Purpose - The aim of this article is to extend current debates on organizational equality, diversity and inclusion to a consideration of neurodivergence in the remote workplace context. Design/methodology/approach - Drawing on the ability, motivation, and opportunity (AMO) model and an emerging strength-based approach to neurodiversity, this conceptual paper integrates research on neurodiversity at work and remote working to provide a novel AMO model for a neuro-inclusive remote workplace. Findings - Through a theoretically informed discussion of barriers to effective remote work from the perspective of neurominorities, the AMO model for the neuro-inclusive remote workplace is offered to assist organizations in creating an inclusive remote work environment where both neurominorities and neurotypicals can equally contribute to organizational success. Specific examples of how certain barriers to effective remote work can be mitigated are outlined and explained. Practical implications - The conceptual model presented in this paper can assist HR practitioners in developing a comprehensive approach to skill, motivation, and opportunity-enhancing practices that are tailored to the unique needs of neurominorities in a specific context of remote work to generate mutual gains. Originality/value - The model of interactions between individual and system factors offered enables a better theoretical understanding of the conditions under which high performance of neurodivergent individuals could be achieved with an associated positive impact on their well-being. The paper contributes to recent calls for more equitable and empathetic approaches to investing in employees with different cognitive profiles and does so in the underexplored context of remote work.

3.
Work ; 2022 Oct 27.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2099077

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has led to widespread changes in the way people work. Some of these changes represent the same kinds of work modifications or adjustments that have often been requested as workplace accommodations, and which may improve labour market and employment outcomes for people with disabilities. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this scoping review was to examine the literature on workplace accommodations in the pandemic and their impacts and implications for people with disabilities. METHODS: Following a search of six international databases, articles were selected by two reviewers, and data were abstracted in accordance with scoping review methodology. A thematic analysis was used to report the relevant findings. RESULTS: Thirty-seven articles met the inclusion criteria, and three main themes were identified: positive impacts of pandemic-related workplace accommodations on people with disabilities (e.g., improved accessibility, reduced stigma around workplace accommodations, rapid implementation of workplace accommodations, opportunities for advocacy); negative impacts (e.g., worsened physical and mental health, new accommodation needs); and action needed and recommendations (e.g., revisit legislation and policy on accommodations, ensure representation of people with disabilities). Overall, our review identified a mixed assessment of the impacts of pandemic-related accommodations on people with disabilities. However, there was a broader consensus regarding the importance of learning from the experiences of the pandemic to improve workplace accommodation policies in the future. CONCLUSIONS: The pandemic may present opportunities for improving workplace accommodation policies, but our review also highlights the need for more research examining how workplace changes due to the COVID-19 pandemic have impacted people with disabilities.

4.
Labour and Industry ; JOUR: 1-19,
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2097077

ABSTRACT

This research documents multidimensional facets of public value provided by public sector employment in regional Australia. Evidence and estimates of the contribution and impact of public sector employment to regional labour markets and economic activity are documented for the Illawarra, South Coast and Capital regions of New South Wales, Australia. Using a mixed methods approach, results presented illustrate that public sector employment embodies a significantly larger proportion of total employment and economic activity in most regional labour markets compared to Greater Sydney or Australia in general. Other analyses reveal both counter-seasonal and countercyclical contributions of public sector income and spending to regional economic activity. The main finding of this research is that public sector employment provides a stable foundation to regional economies that are otherwise strongly influenced by seasonal patterns associated with tourism and agriculture. The importance of public sector employment to the regional economies has been amplified in recent crisis periods associated with large scale bushfires and COVID-19.

5.
Canadian Public Policy ; JOUR
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2082678

ABSTRACT

The global coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has exposed and arguably intensified many existing inequalities. This analysis explores the relationship between recent immigrant earnings and the pandemic. Specifically, we attempt to empirically answer the question "Has the COVID-19 pandemic exacerbated (or mitigated) recent immigrant-non-immigrant employment and wage gaps?" We find that the pandemic did not change the labour force activity profile of recent or long-term immigrants. Moreover, the pandemic did not disproportionately disadvantage recent immigrants' earnings. In fact, recent immigrant men who were employed during the COVID-19 crisis experienced a small but statistically significant earnings premium. This was insufficient, however, to overcome the overall earnings discount associated with being a recent immigrant. In addition, we find that the recent immigrant COVID-19 earnings boost is observable only at and below the median of the earnings distribution. We also use Heckman selection correction to attempt to adjust for unobserved sample selection into employment during the pandemic. The fact that COVID-19 has not worsened recent immigrant earnings gaps should not overshadow the large, recent immigrant earnin disparities that existed before the pandemic and continue to exist regardless of the COVID-19 crisis.

6.
World Development ; JOUR: 106129,
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-2082594

ABSTRACT

Despite its low middle-income status, Vietnam has been widely praised for its success in the fight against early waves of the COVID-19 pandemic, with a low mortality rate of approximately 100 deaths out of a population of less than 100 million by the end of 2020. We add to the emerging literature on COVID-19 effects on the labor market for poorer countries by analyzing rich individual-level data from Vietnam’s Labor Force Surveys spanning 2015 to 2020. We find post-pandemic increases in unemployment and temporary layoff rates alongside decreases in employment quality. Monthly wages declined even as the proportion of workers receiving below-minimum wages substantially increased, contributing to sharply rising wage inequality. Our findings suggest that more resources should be allocated to protect vulnerable workers, especially as the pandemic continues to cause increasingly severe damage to the global economy.

7.
SSRN;
Preprint in English | SSRN | ID: ppcovidwho-346159

ABSTRACT

In early 2020, the COVID-19 outbreak famously triggered a massive wave of unemployment. Less famous are the channels through which the shock of that outbreak transmitted to labour markets. Using the World Bank Enterprise Survey data for Italy, I studied whether firms’ decisions to reduce employment following the outbreak were associated with their sales recovery expectations. I document four key findings. First, many Italian firms dismissed their employees following the outbreak, but most dismissals were temporary. Second, firms’ sales recovery expectations, measured by their expected sales rebound time, ranged between 0 and 24 months, and averaged 6 months. Third, expected sales rebound times were longest among firms that suffered COVID-related operational difficulties such as business closures, sales crunches, and financial stresses. Fourth, expected sales rebound time was positively correlated with decisions to dismiss employees, even after controlling for firm-specific attributes. Overall, these findings paint a picture in which firms who expected the adverse economic perturbations of COVID-19 to last the longest were also the likeliest to dismiss their employees.

8.
Work ; 71(4): 815-823, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2080074

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The coronavirus pandemic has highlighted the health and financial vulnerabilities of essential workers, especially among women. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to understand the workplace environment of essential workers. METHODS: We used data from a prospective cohort study of disparities in employment outcomes among women undergoing breast cancer treatment between 2010-2018 in New York City. We characterized participants as essential or non-essential based on self-reported occupation/industry and New York State executive orders issued during the pandemic. We compared job benefits and perceptions of workplace environment between groups. RESULTS: There were 563 participants: 341 essential and 222 non-essential workers. Essential workers less frequently reported access to disability pay through work [n(%): 148 (58) versus 130 (73), p < 0.01]. Essential workers in unions had greater availability of sick leave and disability pay than non-unionized essential workers (86% versus 53%, p < 0.01, and 76% versus 46%, p < 0.01, respectively). Health insurance differed by essential worker status (p < 0.01): essential workers more frequently had public insurance (29% versus 18%). Surprisingly, in multivariable analyses controlling for age, race/ethnicity, income, education, chemotherapy receipt, and comfort with English, essential workers were less likely to say their employer had treated them unfairly (p < 0.01). However, minorities were less likely to say their employer was accommodating (p = 0.03) and more likely to say their employer had treated them unfairly (p < 0.01) than Non-Latina Whites. CONCLUSIONS: We identified vulnerabilities in workplace protections, particularly among essential workers not in unions. Minority women more often had negative perceptions of their work environment, possibly reflecting employer bias.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , COVID-19 , Breast Neoplasms/epidemiology , COVID-19/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Male , Pandemics , Prospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Workplace
9.
New Solut ; 32(3): 201-212, 2022 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2079283

ABSTRACT

In the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, this commentary describes and compares shifting employment and occupational health social protections of low-wage workers, including self-employed digital platform workers. Through a focus on eight advanced economy countries, this paper identifies how employment misclassification and definitions of employees were handled in law and policy. Debates about minimum wage and occupational health and safety standards as they relate to worker well-being are considered. Finally, we discuss promising changes introduced during the COVID-19 pandemic that protect the health of low-wage and self-employed workers. Overall, we describe an ongoing "haves" and a "have not" divide, with on the one extreme, traditional job arrangements with good work-and-health social protections and, on the other extreme, low-wage and self-employed digital platform workers who are mostly left out of schemes. However, during the pandemic small and often temporary gains occurred and are discussed.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pandemics , Humans , Pandemics/prevention & control , COVID-19/epidemiology , Salaries and Fringe Benefits , Employment , Public Policy
10.
Indian J Labour Econ ; 65(3): 779-799, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2075764

ABSTRACT

For the last decade, India's National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA, 2005) has been the world's largest public works programme. This legal entitlement provided employment to 28 per cent of rural Indian households in 2019-2020. After the COVID-19 pandemic, NREGA is increasingly emerging as an invaluable employer of the last resort. However, longitudinal data of implementation in its first fifteen years reveal distinctive trends. On the one hand, since inception, NREGA has rendered greater benefits to women and marginalised communities. But on the other, since 2014 till before the pandemic, the present National Democratic Alliance (NDA) regime has reduced NREGA coverage compared to its implementation during the previous United Progressive Alliance (UPA) coalition government which had enacted the legislation. Nevertheless, in light of the pandemic and based on international experiences in public work programmes, there is an urgent need for the expansion of the employment guarantee.

11.
Studies in Business and Economics ; 17(2):5-22, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2071042

ABSTRACT

This study aims to analyze the relationship between employment opportunities and income before and during COVID-19. The research data collection is divided into two time periods, including January to March 2020 which is the period before COVID-19, while April to June 2020 is the period of during COVID-19. Each time period in this study analyzed 100 samples measured using a Likert scale. The method used in this research is simultaneous equation analysis with the Indirect Least Squares (ILS) approach. An important finding in this study for the period before and during COVID-19 is that employment opportunities are positively and significantly affected by infrastructure, economic conditions, government incentives and price stability. Meanwhile, income is positively and significantly influenced by employment opportunities, economic conditions, government incentives and price stability. Although the results of the research are the same for different time periods, based on the results of comparisons there has been a decrease in the contribution to employment and income during COVID-19. This study recommends that the government needs to maintain the stability of the indicators of employment opportunities and income used in this study so that turnover and community income do not decrease, especially during the COVID-19 period.

12.
Managerial and Decision Economics ; 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2068578

ABSTRACT

We study what profiles of individuals were the most likely to give up their entrepreneurial project at the beginning of the Covid-19 crisis. To do so, we run an experiment during the first lockdown in the United Kingdom. Our results show that the first months of the crisis have a sharp screening effect: 63% of prospective entrepreneurs postpone or cancel their project in May 2020. Taste for risk or competition does not characterize those who stick to their project. Instead, low opportunity costs to continue and concern for one's own interest instead of cooperation are common among entrepreneurs who persist.

13.
Innovation and Development in Business Law ; : 178-185, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2068438

ABSTRACT

The salary, established by individual negotiation, can be modified, as a rule, only by the agreement of the contracting parties - in compliance with the provisions of art. 38 of the Labour Code. However, in the field of individual labour relations, the incidental legal regulations also provide for some hypotheses of unilateral reduction of the contractual element seen in the above. For example, the modification of the collective labour contract - in the private sector - through the adopted laws, determines the modification of the individual labour contract (because art. 132 paragraph 4 of Law no. 62/2011 of the social dialogue specifies: "the individual labour contract may not contain clauses establishing rights at lower levels than those established by the applicable collective bargaining agreements").

14.
Innovation and Development in Business Law ; : 166-177, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2067974

ABSTRACT

Working time has maximum limits strictly regulated at national and European level. Periods that do not constitute working time are considered rest time. Among the periods that do not make up working time, in this paper we will explain the concept of "leave days" (days off), not legally defined and even slightly obscure in the current Romanian legislative landscape. The notion of leave days does not benefit from a rigorously outlined legal definition. So, we shall attempt some clarifications. Besides, the paper includes an analysis of recent developments in Romanian Labour Law on working time, in the period of COVID 19 crisis. The heterogeneous nature of the situations considered and their disparate regulation makes it difficult to outline a single legal regime for leave days;from justification to effects, they cover a wide range of legal realities. That is why, however, we deemed useful a synthesis of the situations where this concept is regulated in Romanian law, as well as the legal consequences of these rules on the parties to the individual employment contract.

15.
Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences ; 10:1593-1598, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2066708

ABSTRACT

AIM: The aim was to assess the impact of the COVID-19 outbreak on the healthcare of Type 2 Diabetes patients and identify the factors that correlated. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out from November 2020 to February 2021. The study enrolled 400 adults with Type 2 diabetes aged 40–65 years with at least one other chronic illness who received primary care health services in Vlore, Albania. A short questionnaire based on the literature, considering the situation of the COVID-19 pandemic, was used for data collection. The administration of the questionnaire was carried out by trained nurses. All participants give their written informed consent before administering the questionnaire. Pearson’s two-tailed correlations and linear regression were used to test the correlations. RESULTS: Among 400 patients with Type 2 Diabetes in the study, 53.0% were female and 47.0% were men. Most of the participants were married (n = 303) with a high level of edcation (54.3%). Treatment was mainly with oral medications (58.0%). Based on the body mass index (BMI), 63.0% of the participants were overweight. Employment status (p = 003), the type of treatment, oral medication versus insulin (p = 001), BMI (p = 001), and living alone (p = 008) were the most correlated factors. CONCLUSIONS: The care of Type 2 Diabetic patients due to the COVID-19 pandemic is closely associated with social determinants of health and the resources of health-care settings. The need to address innovative approaches to care, including self-care, social support, and e-health, is recommended.

16.
Sustainability ; 14(19):12949, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2066486

ABSTRACT

Pujon Kidul Village, Pujon District, Malang Regency, is an area with tourism potential that has been developed since 2017 with the concept of agricultural tourism. Throughout the development of tourism villages, Pujon Kidul Village has succeeded in accelerating economic growth and providing jobs for the community. However, during the COVID-19 pandemic, tourism villages have been severely affected, leading to the temporary closure of tourist attractions and community businesses. This research aimed to identify what indicators form social capital variables and the relationship between social capital variables and community adaptation patterns in dealing with pandemics in the study location. This was quantitative research with confirmatory factor analysis to determine the indicators of forming social capital and structural equation modeling analysis to determine the relationship between the variables. Based on the findings, it is known that trust in forming a social network is 0.468. Furthermore, the social network forms community actions of 0.046 and influences community resilience by 0.007. Therefore, good social capital will make it easier for the community to participate in collective action as a form of caring for each other during the pandemic. This action also influences the community to survive in a pandemic crisis, thus creating an adaptation pattern for the Pujon Kidul Tourism Village community in facing a pandemic.

17.
Sustainability ; 14(19):12889, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2066477

ABSTRACT

Reaching full employment and reducing the unemployment rate is one of the 17 sustainable development goals (SDGs) issued by the United Nations to face COVID-19 and the complex global economic situation. Although governments, society, and organizations have made efforts towards SDGs, how employees exert their subjective initiative and enhance their career adaptability is fundamental to solve the employment issue. How to enhance employees’ career adaptability to strengthen their psychological ability to face career changes is the guarantee of sustainable employment. In the light of the main force role and the unique characteristics of the new generation of employees in the workplace, this study aims to explore the relation between a proactive personality and career adaptability. According to the career construction theory, this study constructed a moderated mediation model to test the effect of a proactive personality on career adaptability through career identity and thriving at work, and the moderating role of task interdependence. Surveying 285 new-generation employees in China, this research found that a proactive personality had a significant positive impact on career adaptability, and that career identity and thriving at work mediate the relation. Task interdependence moderated this relation. Our findings extend the research of career construction theory on individual factors and contextual factors, and offer insights into enhancing the sustainability of human resource management and supporting sustainable economic development.

18.
International Journal of Research in Business and Social Science ; 11(6):528-541, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2067471

ABSTRACT

This study aims to re-examine the issues that involve outreaching the urgency of labor law for informal sector workers in the concept of the welfare state in Indonesia. The research method used is a normative juridical approach or a study of documents or literature that only focuses on labor laws currently in force in Indonesia. The qualitative method approach that is descriptive-analytic is used to describe the relationship of a phenomenon, idea, data, or fact that is found objectively. This study found that the rights, dignity, standard of living, and even the working environment of informal sector workers are still neglected by labor law in Indonesia today. The national labor law has not accommodated legal protection, guarantees, and social security, so there is a legal vacuum for informal sector workers. This condition contradicts the philosophy of Pancasila and the constitution, the 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia. Thus, efforts to develop labor laws are expected to be carried out by the government together with the legislature to make all parties have the same position in the production process for the achievement of the company's progress. will have implications for national economic growth. On the other hand, this effort is expected to create legal harmonization in the field of employment in general and especially for informal sector workers in the welfare state in Indonesia.

19.
International Journal of Research in Business and Social Science ; 11(6):451-457, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2067468

ABSTRACT

Poverty as defined in the literature is generally a deprivation to the basic needs of life (Dunga, 2019;Mdluli & Dunga, 2021;World Bank, 2020a) In order for households to avoid deprivation of the basic needs, they need an income as most of these basic needs can be bought from a market place. Gender, Age, marital status, and population group/race are among some of the variables that are considered in understanding the employment status of heads of household. The number share of care work between males and females is such that, women are forced to withdraw from the labour market to take care of the elderly and the children at the expense of a career in the job market (ILO, 2018;OECD, 2017). [...]gender and the demographic composition of a household has a bearing on who gets to remain in employment especially in the pandemic times. According to the Marriages and Divorce, 2020 report released by Statistics South Africa, the total number of people getting married has fallen steadily from 2011 to 2020. Besides the high decline in 2020 that may have resulted from the restrictions on gatherings in that year, the number of civil marriages have been consistently declining.

20.
NeuroQuantology ; 20(11):4357-4363, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2067344

ABSTRACT

Background The entire world is combating COVID-19;however, a significant proportion of patients demonstrate the persistence of some COVID-19 symptoms, new symptom development, or exaggeration of pre-existing disease after a negative viral load. They are referred to as a post-COVID-19 syndrome. According to various researches, COVID-19 has a wide range of long-term effects on virtually all systems, including the respiratory, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, neurological, mental, and dermatological systems. Finding the various symptoms of post-acute and chronic is critical since they might have a significant impact on the patients' everyday functioning. As a result, we aimed to distinguish the symptoms immediately after the initial phase in which the symptoms affected them for more than three weeks.The symptoms prolonged for a few weeks in post covid time are referred to as acute COVID-19 and the symptoms that persist with the affected individuals for more than three months are referred to as chronic COVID - 19. This paper was written as a review report to provide an overview of the nature and frequency of symptoms observed by patients with mild COVID-19 after the first three weeks. We also envisionedlooking at the various incidences and factors that contribute to the development of post-COVID-19 syndrome in different patient groups, as well as the chances of overcoming it. Objective The objective of this review paper is as follows: To establish the prevalence and characteristics of the post-COVID 19 syndrome in COVID-19 survivors, as well as the factors associated with persistent symptoms. To increase community knowledge about the type and frequency of persistent symptoms experienced by patients post serious and moderate COVID-19 infection. Methods The three-session questionnaire, which includes patient demographic data, vaccination status, and patient status during COVID-19, and post-COVID-19 syndrome, was provided to the public who recovered from COVID-19 and received their responses as primary data. The responses were evaluated to show the relationship between numerous factors that induce post-COVID-19 syndrome. Results A total of 136 responses were obtained and evaluated. This literature review comprised ten publications. As a result, the frequency of persistent symptoms in individuals following mild COVID-19 infection ranged from 15% to 45%. Symptoms reported in mild COVID-19 infected people can be classified as physical, mental, or social. Weakness was the most frequently mentioned consistent symptom. Dyspnea, cough, chest pain, headache, poor mental and cognitive state, and olfactory impairment were also reported as persistent symptoms. There was a significant impact seen in their employment and the daily functioning of the patients. Copyright © 2022, Anka Publishers. All rights reserved.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL