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1.
Indian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology ; 8(1):163-165, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2145769

ABSTRACT

Rhino orbito cerebral mucormycosis has become very common in this covid pandemic. Fungal endophthalmitis is also being increasingly reported. All fungal infections may not be just mucor. This is to report a case of rhino orbito cerebral mucormycosis and aspergillosis with aspergillus endophthalmitis, in a post covid patient who had required intensive care during covid illness. A post covid 73 years old female with type 2 diabetes mellitus and hypertension presented with sudden onset painful loss of vision in right eye with right sided headache. Anterior segment examination showed a streak hypopyon with fundus showing severe vitritis. Diagnostic nasal endoscopy and radiological features were suggestive of probable rhino orbital mucor mycosis, Patient was started on systemic amphotericin B with intravitreal and retro orbital amphotericin. The KOH mount and culture of the vitreous aspirate showed aspergillus while the histopathology of the sinus tissue revealed mucor along with aspergillus. Fungal endophthalmitis is making an appearance in a big way in this covid pandemic Early diagnosis and proper treatment is the only way to defend against these life-threatening fungi. Diagnostic nasal endoscopy with biopsy and vitreous tap for culture as well as histopathology taken before initiating treatment will go a long way in making a correct diagnosis. © 2022 Innovative Publication, All rights reserved.

2.
Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology ; 50(8):953, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2136744

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To assess the clinical impact and surgical outcomes of a new public vitreo-retinal (VR) service established at Liverpool Hospital, a tertiary trauma referral centre in Sydney, in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. Method(s): A retrospective surgical audit of all patients who had VR surgery at Liverpool Hospital from January 2020 to January 2021. Result(s): During the inception year of the new service, two surgeons performed 106 operations. Specifically, during the COVID-19 related suspension of elective surgery 22 emergency vitrectomy operations were performed. Of all operations performed, n = 40 (38%) were emergency procedures. The most common pathology was retinal detachment n = 32 (30%), 12 of which had Proliferative vitreoretinopathy at presentation. This was followed by diabetic vitrectomy n = 20 (19%) and nondiabetic vitreous haemorrhage n = 12 (12%). 8 patients had dropped nuclei (5 referred from peripheral hospitals) and 3 patients had endogenous endophthalmitis. Indications for vitrectomy were compared to the UK National Ophthalmology Database Study. Our service performed more operations for diabetic vitrectomy, nondiabetic vitreous haemorrhage and endophthalmitis compared to the UK cohort, while rates of surgery for retinal detachment were similar. At one month postoperatively, uncorrected visual acuity had improved to 6/12 or better in 41 patients (39%). 12 patients (11%) had uncorrected visual acuity worse than 6/60 at the same postoperative period, with limitations identified as PVR re-detachment (5), silicone oil (4), aphakia (2) and corneal scar (1). Conclusion(s): The results of the inaugural year of this VR service demonstrate its viability, despite COVID-19, and clinical results comparable to international standards.

3.
Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep ; 28: 101726, 2022 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2068628

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To report a case of presumed COVID-19 Pfizer third dose (booster) vaccination leading to severe panuveitis mimicking acute endophthalmitis in the early postoperative period following routine cataract extraction and intraocular lens implantation. Observations: A 68-year-old female with mild refractive error who previously received 2 doses of the BNT162b2 vaccine underwent routine cataract extraction and intraocular lens implantation in the right eye. On postoperative day (POD) 2 the patient received her BNT162b2 booster vaccination. On POD 3 the patient's vision was hand motion at face with photophobia. Anterior segment examination was significant for 2+ conjunctival injection, mild stromal edema, 4+ cell and flare with trace hypopyon, and 4+ anterior vitreous cell without any wound leak. Subsequent Gram staining, culture for aerobic and anaerobic bacteria, KOH preparation, and PCR testing for infectious organisms were also obtained, all of which were found to be negative. ESR and CRP values were also negative. The patient was started on intravitreal injections of vancomycin and ceftazidime, as well as oral moxifloxacin, fortified vancomycin and tobramycin drops, prednisolone acetate 1%, and atropine 1%. On POD 5 the patient reported significant improvement of her vision and was found to have 20/80 vision. On POD 12 her vision improved to 20/25, and improved further on POD 19 to 20/20 vision with a completely normal examination. Cultures remained negative throughout the entire course. Conclusions and importance: This is the first report to suggest a possible association between the BNT162b2 booster vaccination and development of acute panuveitis in the postoperative period after routine cataract extraction and intraocular lens implantation. This condition may mimic acute bacterial postoperative endophthalmitis and may portend a more favorable prognosis, but the authors believe such cases should nonetheless be treated aggressively as presumed infection.

4.
Anaesthesia & Intensive Care Medicine ; 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-2061684

ABSTRACT

Ophthalmology can be unfamiliar territory for the anaesthetist and intensivist. This updated article describes the clinical signs that may indicate injury to the eye, relevant to the operating theatre and intensive care environments. Patients are at risk of corneal abrasions, exposure keratopathy and chemosis. Prone positioning of patients, a task all too familiar to medical and nursing staff throughout the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, is associated with additional risks of ischaemic optic neuropathy and acute glaucoma. The intensivist should also be alert to signs of ocular infection, for example, conjunctivitis, microbial keratitis and endophthalmitis. Ocular injury in the trauma patient requires prompt evaluation and management of sight-threatening conditions.

5.
Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science ; 63(7):708-F0233, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2057659

ABSTRACT

Purpose : Exogenous endophthalmitis (EE) is the most serious complication of penetrating eye surgeries and open globe trauma (OGT). It is crucial to know the associated factors that will determine the final visual prognosis. The aim of the present study was to describe the epidemiological, clinical profile and visual outcomes (VO) predictors in patients with EE in a referral ophthalmology center. Methods : Retrospective, observational clinical study. Patients diagnosed with EE between January 2018 to September 2021 were included. Data collected included demographic characteristics, endophthalmitis origin, culture samples, microbiological diagnosis, initial and final best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), and treatment received. Major outcome was change in BCVA after endophthalmitis treatment and associated factors. T-test and Fisher's exact test for statistical analysis were used. Results : Seventy-three patients with EE were included. Surgery associated (SA) was the most common cause responsible for 39 cases (53.4%), followed by keratitis associated 18 cases (24.6%) and trauma associated (TA) 16 cases (21.9%). Gram-positive bacteria predominated in positive cultures (n= 35 [54.3%]). There was a statistically significant difference at mean age between TA group 41.1 ±18.7 years and SA group 59.9 ±20.9 years (p= 0.002). Final logMAR BCVA in the TA group was 4 ±0.9 (Snellen, light perception [LP]) and in the SA group was 2.7 ±1.7 (Snellen, Hand Motion [HM]). Fourteen (35.8%) patients in the SA group had a final BCVA ≥ 20/400;whereas in the TA group all patients had a final BCVA ≤ CF. Risk factors for non-improving BCVA after EE included OGT (p= 0.007) and initial BCVA of LP or worse (p <0.0001) in the SA group. There was no statistical difference in the final VO in patients that were treated with intravitreal injection (II) and those treated with vitrectomy (VTM) (p =0.40). Although 6 patients (75%) treated with VTM had an improvement in final BCVA compared with 12 (57.1%) of the patients just treated with II, this could be due to the sample number. We observed a tendency of diminishing cases of TA endophthalmitis after covid era, this could be associated with the isolation measures recommended. Conclusions : Surgery associated EE had a better visual prognosis than those with trauma associated EE. The initial BCVA is a meaningful indicator for final VO, being favorable when is better than HM.

6.
Kidney International Reports ; 7(9):S527, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2041723

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Acute Interstitial Nephritis (AIN) is an important cause of Acute Kidney Injury (AKI), and infections are the second most common etiology, after the drugs. However, AIN following fungal infections is rare. We describe two cases of AIN, which on the investigation turn out to be candidemia following fungal infective endocarditis. Methods: CASE 1: A 65-year-old man with hypertension and diabetes without diabetic or hypertensive retinopathy and prior normal renal function, presented to us with vague abdominal pain with steadily creeping creatinine to 2mg/dl within 2 weeks, and urine showed no albuminuria and sediments. There was no history of any specific drug intake. His hematological and other parameters were normal. Blood and urine cultures were sterile. He underwent a renal biopsy which revealed acute interstitial nephritis (Figure 1). He was started on prednisolone at 1mg/kg/day for 1-week following which he had a rapidly worsening azotemia requiring hemodialysis. Steroids were stopped. Repeat blood cultures were sent which grew candida albicans resistant to flucytosine. Re-evaluation of the fundus revealed macular infarct in the right eye with vitreoretinitis in the left eye suggestive of endophthalmitis. PET CT showed increased FDG uptake in both kidneys suggestive of pyelonephritis. Trans-esophageal echocardiography (TEE) showed aortic valve vegetations. He was treated with antifungals for 3 months. He was dialysis-dependent for 2 weeks. He gradually regained normal renal function 3 weeks after starting anti-fungal agents. CASE 2: A 57-years-old man with diabetic, hypertensive, and no diabetic retinopathy had severe covid pneumonia in June 2021 requiring oxygen and tocilizumab 80 mg for 4 days, recovered with normal renal function. He presented to us 1 month later with unexplained non-oliguric severe AKI requiring dialysis, with bland urine sediments. Renal biopsy showed lymphocytic infiltrates in the interstitium suggestive of AIN (Figure 2). Blood cultures were sterile, but serum beta-D-glucan was elevated at 333 pg/ml. He was Initiated on 1mg/kg of prednisolone, on the presumption of drug-induced AIN. Simultaneously workup for systemic infection revealed mitral anterior leaflet endocarditis. He was initiated on anti-fungal therapy on the advice of an infectious disease specialist and the steroid was stopped. He continued to be dialysis-dependent after 6 weeks, despite anti-fungal agents. Results: [Formula presented] Conclusions: AIN contributes a significant proportion of cases in unexplained AKI. Prompt evaluation with a renal biopsy is warranted. Acute interstitial nephritis particularly due to candidemia can be oligosymptomatic as seen in our two cases. Since steroids have a significant role in treating early AIN, a dedicated search for underlying silent endocarditis and candidemia is advisable before initiating steroid therapy. Ophthalmic fundus evaluation, TEE, and repeat blood culture may be necessary to identify hidden candidemia. We recommend an evaluation to exclude fungal endocarditis in patients with AIN who present with minimal or no symptoms and no definitive cause for AIN is present. No conflict of interest

7.
Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep ; 28: 101707, 2022 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2031085

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To report a case of endogenous panophthalmitis in a patient with COVID-19 during treatment in an Intensive Care Unit. Observation: A 64-year-old woman with COVID-19 and Salmonella septicemia presented with decreased visual acuity, ocular pain, and proptosis in her right eye after treatment with favipiravir, intravenous dexamethasone, and ceftriaxone. An ocular examination of her right eye revealed periorbital tenderness, exophthalmos, and corneal haze. The ultrasonography showed a subretinal abscess. Her right eye lost light perception vision and underwent enucleation. Microbiologic evaluation of the enucleated right eye was negative for organisms. Conclusions and importance: Patents with COVID-19 may develop severe ocular involvement after COVID-19 due to a generalized reduction in immunity. Comorbidities and intensive care unit treatments can predispose COVID-19 patients to endogenous panophthalmitis.

8.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 70(9): 3362-3365, 2022 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2024723

ABSTRACT

Purpose: COVID-19 infection is being increasingly identified as a risk factor for the development of ocular infections, especially endogenous endophthalmitis. Current studies primarily report cases among survivors, and the overall prevalence, especially amongst patients admitted with active sepsis is unknown. We report on the fundus and systemic findings of inpatients who were being treated for post-COVID-19 systemic secondary infections in a tertiary intensive care unit. Methods: Retrospective observational study based on chart review. Results: A total of 24 patients were identified. These included 21 (87.5%) males and 3 (12.5%) females with ages ranging from 33 to 72 years (mean 54.1 years). Pre-existing risk factors included type 2 diabetes mellitus, systemic hypertension, chronic kidney disease, multiple myeloma, and patients on long-term corticosteroid/immunosuppressive treatment. Nine patients (37.5%) died and 15 (62.5%) survived. Of a total of 48 eyes, observed fundus lesions included endogenous endophthalmitis (4 eyes of 2 patients, 8.3%), preretinal hemorrhages (4 eyes of 2 patients, 8.3%), optic disc pallor (2 eyes of 1 patient, 4.1%), moderate non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy (4 eyes of 2 patients, 8.3%), Roth spots (2 eyes of 1 patient, 4.1%), and 2 eyes of 1 patient (4.1%) with evidence of previous pan-retinal photocoagulation. Conclusion: Two patients had evidence of endogenous endophthalmitis. These findings suggest that the actual incidence of ocular lesions, especially infections is higher than that reported. Fundus examination should form a part of the management protocol for patients being treated for post-COVID-19 systemic infections.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Endophthalmitis , Sepsis , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Male , Middle Aged , Retinal Hemorrhage , Retrospective Studies
9.
Eur J Ophthalmol ; : 11206721221124673, 2022 Sep 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2009295

ABSTRACT

AIM: To evaluate corneal morphology after use of 0.5% intracameral moxifloxacin (ICM) in cataract surgery in patients who presented late with hard cataracts. METHODS: Cross-sectional study conducted from June-2021 to December-2021 at a tertiary eye-care center. 90 patients over 60 years with high-risk characteristics for Covid-19, who presented late with higher grades of nuclear-sclerosis (NS), were included. They underwent phacoemulsification and 0.5%moxifloxacin (0.1 ml) was injected intracamerally at the end of surgery. Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), intraocular pressures (IOP), endothelial cell density (ECD), coefficient of variation in cell-area (CoV), hexagonality (Hex) and central corneal thickness (CCT) were measured preoperatively and postoperatively on day1, day7 and day30. Statistical analysis was done by Anova test. p-value<0.05 was considered significant. RESULTS: Mean age of presentation was 65.26±8.3 years. Mean preoperative BCVA (1/60-to-6/60), IOP (16.7±2.3 mm of Hg), CCT (523.93±39.6µ), ECD (2547±302.08cells/mm2), Hex (47.04±5.7%) and CoV (37.57±3.9) changed to BCVA (6/9-to-6/6), IOP (17.5±2.1 mm of Hg), CCT (538.42±36.9µ), ECD (2388.40±339.25cells/mm2), Hex (44.44±5.6%) and CoV (39.09±4.5) at day30 postoperative. Average rate of change at day30 was increase in CCT (2.89%), ECD loss (6.4%), decrease in Hex (4.9%) and increase in CoV (4.6%), though clinically insignificant. No case of endophthalmitis or toxic-anterior segment syndrome seen. CONCLUSION: 0.5% moxifloxacin (0.1 ml) is safe as intracameral antibiotic to prevent postoperative infection in high-risk patients. The reported changes in the corneal parameters were within the range of any routine surgeries of hard senile cataracts. No specific effect could be attributed to ICM.

10.
Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology ; 52(2), 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2006811
11.
Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol ; 2022 Aug 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1982148

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate whether compulsory face masking in public life changes the incidence or pattern of post-injection endophthalmitis (PIE). PATIENTS AND METHODS: All injections of bevacizumab, ranibizumab, aflibercept, dexamethasone or triamcinolone between 01/01/2015 and 12/31/2021 at the University Eye Clinic of Tuebingen were included in this retrospective analysis. The injection procedure itself was unchanged since 2015 and included the use of a sterile drape covering the head up to the shoulders which prevents airflow toward the eye. Furthermore, all staff wore a face mask and gloves at all times. The two study periods were defined by the introduction of a compulsory face masking rule in public life (01/01/2015 until 04/27/2020 vs. 04/28/2020 until 12/31/2021). RESULTS: A total of 83,543 injections were performed in the tertiary eye clinic, associated with a total of 20 PIE (0.024%, 1/4177 injections). Of these, thirteen PIE were documented during the pre-pandemic period (0.021%, 1/4773 injections) and seven PIE during the pandemic period (0.033%, 1/3071 injections). No significant difference in PIE risk was observed (p = 0.49), and there was no case of oral flora associated PIE. CONCLUSION: Although some potential confounders (wearing time, skin flora) could not be considered, there was no clear signal that the introduction of compulsory face masking in public life did alter the risk for PIE in our patient population. Three and six months after PIE, no difference in visual acuity was detectable between the two study periods.

12.
Antibiotics (Basel) ; 11(7)2022 Jul 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1963672

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Rhizobium (Agrobacterium) species are plant aerobic bacteria, which in some cases can produce endophthalmitis in humans after corneal trauma. CASE PRESENTATION: A 42-year-old female patient presented in the Emergency Department of the Emergency County Hospital of Craiova, Romania, reporting pain, epiphora, and blurry vision in her right eye for about five days. This initial infectious keratitis episode was successfully resolved, but after 20 days she presented again after trauma with a leaf with corneal abscess. In the conjunctival secretion, R. radiobacter was identified. Despite antibiotherapy, the patient's state did not improve, and ultimately the eye was eviscerated. METHODS: A search was performed in the ProQuest, PubMed, and ScienceDirect databases for the terms Agrobacterium, Rhizobium, radiobacter, and eye. We eliminated non-human studies, editorials and commentaries, and non-relevant content, and excluded the duplicates. RESULTS: In total, 138 studies were initially obtained, and then we selected 26 studies for retrieval. After the selection process, we ended up including 17 studies in our analysis. Most studies reported R. radiobacter endophthalmitis after ocular surgical procedures or outdoor activities that involve exposure to soil. CONCLUSION: R. radiobacter is a rare cause of endophthalmitis after eye trauma that generally responds well to usual antibiotherapy, but occasionally can evolve to severe, leading to the loss of the eye.

13.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 70(4): 1421-1424, 2022 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1939174

ABSTRACT

We present two ICU-hospitalized patients with coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) presenting with endogenous endophthalmitis in one eye and variable manifestations of chorioretinitis in the fellow eye. Two diabetic patients (57 and 62 years old) showed anterior uveitis and yellowish-white subretinal infiltrations. The fellow eye of one patient showed patches of choroiditis, while the other showed full retinal thickness infiltrations. A workup yielded high serum titers of galactomannan, diagnostic of aspergillosis. The widespread use of high doses of corticosteroids in the management of COVID-19 may predispose to various secondary fungal opportunistic infections and may manifest in different forms of chorioretinal infiltration.


Subject(s)
Aspergillosis , COVID-19 , Chorioretinitis , Endophthalmitis , Uveitis, Anterior , Aspergillosis/diagnosis , Aspergillosis/drug therapy , Aspergillosis/microbiology , Chorioretinitis/diagnosis , Endophthalmitis/etiology , Endophthalmitis/microbiology , Humans , Middle Aged
14.
Semin Ophthalmol ; : 1-7, 2022 Jul 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1927180

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Donor-related infections are a serious threat to patient safety after corneal transplantation. We provide a concise review of literature from the last decade on donor-related graft infections, sources of contamination and means to reduce the contamination of donor tissue and preservation media. METHODS: We reviewed 50 papers from year 2005 to 2021 related to donor-related graft infections. We included 14 studies related to the risk factors associated with post-keratoplasty infection and preventive methods. RESULTS: Incidence of post-keratoplasty infections has been reported to be approximately 0.2%-0.77% for endophthalmitis and 6.5%-10.5% for microbial keratitis. We analyzed six important studies regarding the risk factors related to donor contamination. It was observed that younger donor age, increased death to retrieval time, warming cycles and increased eye bank processing time and positive corneo-scleral rim cultures were important risk factors for donor-related infections post keratoplasty. Eye banks have adapted newer protocols over the time period for prevention of donor-related contamination. Recommended preventive strategies were published in about eight important studies over the past decade. In addition to meticulous donor screening, rapid warming cycles, double contact with povidone iodine during retrieval and addition of antifungals like amphotericin B, Voriconazole and cycloheximide have been suggested over the last decade although their use is still in debate with regard to the efficacy, toxicity and cost-effectiveness. CONCLUSION: The last decade has witnessed a relative rise of fungal infections and multidrug resistant bacterial infections post-keratoplasty. Eye bank prepared corneas for lamellar surgeries are at increased risk for donor contamination due to increased exposure to the higher temperatures during their processing. Addition of antifungals and broad spectrum antibiotics to the hypothermic preservation media needs to be considered in the new era of increasing trends of lamellar keratoplasty.

16.
Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol ; 260(11): 3657-3664, 2022 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1885460

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the role of patient facial masks on the occurrence of post-intravitreal injection (IVI) endophthalmitis in a real-word setting. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort, patients receiving IVIs between 20 February 2019 and 20 February 2021; a 12-month period before the official beginning of COVID-19 epidemic in Iran and a 12-month period thereafter were included. In the pre-COVID era, patients underwent IVI without a facial mask while in the COVID era patients wore an untaped facial mask. Physicians and staff had facial mask in both periods. IVIs were administered in a dedicated operating room without a strict no talk-policy. The main outcome measure was the rate of post-IVI endophthalmitis. RESULTS: A total number of 53,927 injections was performed during the study period: 34,277 in pre-COVID and 19,650 in COVID periods; with a 42.7% decrease in the number of injections. Endophthalmitis occurred in 7 eyes (0.020%) in pre-COVID and 7 eyes (0.036%) in COVID era (p = 0.40). In multivariate analysis, after adjustment for intercorrelations between the eyes and multiple injections in one patient, there was no statistically significant association between wearing facial masks by the patients and risk of endophthalmitis (relative risk = 1.47, 95% confidence interval of 0.97-2.22; p = 0.071). CONCLUSION: Patients' facial masking is not associated with an increased risk of post-injection endophthalmitis.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Endophthalmitis , Eye Infections, Bacterial , Humans , Intravitreal Injections , COVID-19/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Pandemics , Eye Infections, Bacterial/epidemiology , Eye Infections, Bacterial/etiology , Eye Infections, Bacterial/drug therapy , Angiogenesis Inhibitors , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Endophthalmitis/diagnosis , Endophthalmitis/epidemiology , Endophthalmitis/etiology , Incidence , Bevacizumab
17.
Clin Case Rep ; 10(5): e05821, 2022 May.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1850026

ABSTRACT

Aside from typical pneumonia, the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has shown several extra-pulmonary manifestations. This study was done on a 66-year-old male patient who concomitantly had endogenous endophthalmitis and left ventricular thrombosis one month after being hospitalized due to COVID-19.

18.
Archives of Biological Sciences ; 74(1):49-55, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1847101

ABSTRACT

We analyzed the economic benefits versus safety risks of sharing anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) vials during the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. This single-center retrospective study analyzed the data of patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD), proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) and retinal vein occlusion (RVO) who received anti-VEGF between January 2016 and July 2021 at Renmin Hospital, Wuhan University, China. Costs were compared of the two protocols of intravitreal injections (IVIs) of ranibizumab, aflibercept and conbercept after (i) splitting the vial content for use in two patients and after (ii) disposal of the remaining vial content after use in a single patient, with the COVID-19 outbreak considered as the demarcation point. The incidence rates of post-injection endophthalmitis (PIE) preand post-outbreak were analyzed. The mean cost of a single IVI increased by 33.3%, from 3917.67±71.69 to 5222.67±84.98 Chinese Yuan during the pandemic. The incidences of IVI-related culture-positive PIE were 0.0134% (3 in 22448) and 0.0223% (1 in 4479), respectively, before and after the pandemic (P=0.6532). We conclude that vial sharing of IVIs in a large clinical institution is not associated with increased PIE risk and can significantly reduce the cost of therapy. © 2022

19.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 70(5): 1819-1821, 2022 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1835147

ABSTRACT

Systemic corticosteroids and immunocompromised state following SARS-CoV-2 infection can predispose individuals to endogenous endophthalmitis. A 66-year-old gentleman presented with complaints of diminution of vision and redness one week post discharge after hospitalization for COVID-19 infection. Clinical examination suggested fulminant endogenous endophthalmitis which responded poorly even after aggressive treatment requiring evisceration. Culture and gene sequenced analysis confirmed Aspergillus fumigatus to be the causative organism. A high degree of suspicion is warranted in the presence of recent onset of floaters in COVID-19-infected individuals to facilitate early diagnosis and outcomes.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Endophthalmitis , Eye Infections, Fungal , Aftercare , Aged , Endophthalmitis/diagnosis , Endophthalmitis/drug therapy , Endophthalmitis/etiology , Eye Infections, Fungal/microbiology , Humans , Male , Patient Discharge , SARS-CoV-2 , Visual Acuity
20.
Turk J Ophthalmol ; 52(2): 139-141, 2022 04 28.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1818499

ABSTRACT

A 61-year-old woman presented to our clinic with complaints of decreased visual acuity, pain, and redness in her left eye. Best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was 20/20 in the right eye and counting fingers at 3 meters in the left eye. On slit-lamp examination, 1+ cells were detected in the anterior chamber. Fundus examination revealed 1+ haze in the vitreous and multiple creamy-whitish lesions in the retina and vitreous. Her history included a diagnosis of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) one month earlier, for which she was hospitalized in the intensive care unit for 20 days and received systemic corticosteroid treatment. Vitreous culture yielded Candida albicans. The patient's nasopharyngeal swab sample was positive for COVID-19 by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction test. BCVA was improved to 20/40 after amphotericin therapy (via intravitreal injection and intravenous routes), and the vitritis and chorioretinitis lesion regressed after 2 weeks of treatment. Two weeks later, intravenous amphotericin was discontinued and oral fluconazole treatment was started at a dose of 400 mg/day. At 3-month follow-up, her BCVA was 20/25 and no inflammatory reaction was observed in the anterior chamber and vitreous.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Endophthalmitis , Eye Infections, Fungal , Amphotericin B/therapeutic use , Critical Care , Endophthalmitis/diagnosis , Endophthalmitis/drug therapy , Endophthalmitis/etiology , Eye Infections, Fungal/diagnosis , Eye Infections, Fungal/drug therapy , Eye Infections, Fungal/microbiology , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Steroids
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