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1.
Allergy, Asthma and Clinical Immunology ; 18(SUPPL 1), 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1817250

ABSTRACT

Background: COVID-19 symptoms overlap with allergic rhinitis (AR) and asthma, potentially impacting mental well-being [1]. Research regarding the effects of anxiety and stress on Health Care Professional (HCP) students throughout the COVID-19 pandemic is beginning to emerge. It is currently unknown if trainees with atopic conditions experience different stress levels than their non-atopic peers. In Canadian adults, the estimated prevalence for AR and food allergy(FA) is 44% and 6.1%, respectively [2,3]. Methods: Between August 2020 to June 2021, Faculty of Health Sciences students (n = 266) completed a one-time questionnaire using the QualtricsXMTMsurvey platform of which 114 respondents disclosed their atopic status. The following data was collected: Self-reported atopy status, Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7(GAD-7), Patient Health Questionaire-9(PHQ-9), and Perceived Stress Score-10(PSS-10). Participants were then classified based on the type and number of atopic conditions they reported. A follow-up visit involving skin prick testing (SPT) to a standard panel of 9 aeroallergen and food extracts, and/or fresh fruits, where applicable, was completed (n = 34) to determine how accurately allergies were self-reported. Statistical analyses were performed using SPSS 27. Results: Having a self-reported allergic condition or asthma did not impact GAD-7, PSS, and PHQ-9 scores, in HCP students. Further stratifying the dataset by the type and number of allergic conditions also did not impact GAD-7, PSS, and PHQ-9 scores or severity. The self-reported prevalence of asthma, AR and FA was 5.71%, 64.71%, and 29.41%, respectively. SPT confirmed 64.71% and 8.82% of participants were sensitized to AR and food allergens, respectively. Generally, seasonal AR allergies were underreported whereas, perennial AR and FA were overreported. Conclusions: Atopic conditions did not impact mental health scores in HCP student's which suggests that they are generally aware of their atopic conditions and able to differentiate allergy and COVID-19 symptoms. Self-reported accuracy varied and may be impacted by the specific allergic condition.

2.
Clinical Cancer Research ; 27(6 SUPPL 1), 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1816893

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this research is to provide evidence-based natural therapies and foods that will enhance the immune system to fight the virus SARS CoV-2 and cancer. Minority populations that include Black African Americans and Hispanics are experiencing higher mortality rates due to both socioeconomic and lifestyle factors in the US and globally. Successful lessons learned from controlling previous 1918 pandemic flu will be discussed. Hypotheses: We hypothesize that targeting lifestyle factors such as diet, exercise, and hydrothermal therapy that enhance the immune system can effectively control and reduce the risk to COVID-19 disease and cancer simultaneously. The target cells for the SARS CoV-2 virus contain the ACE2 and TMPRSS2 receptors which serve as portals of entry. They are expressed throughout the body including the nose, lungs, heart, bladder, pancreas, kidneys and brain found on the epithelial and vascular tissue cells of these organs. Covid-19 affects multiple organs in the body and disrupts the innate immune system, especially the natural killer cells, monocytes, and neutrophils. Studies have shown that countries where BCG was used have less than 10% of COVID-19 cases and countries that do not use the BCG vaccine such as the US and Italy had high cases. It was also seen that people who had higher natural killer cell activity had 100% survival rates. Enhancing the innate immune system through natural therapies has shown to enhance immune cells to fight COVID-19 as well as cancer and destroy it. Methodology: Our research is exploratory and is based on recently published literature on COVID-19 diseases. The following databases were searched: CINAHL, Web of Science, PubMed, EBSCOHost, Google Scholar, Academic Search Complete, AccessMedicine, MedlinePlus, Nutrition Care Manuel, JSTOR and Publons. Results: During the Spanish flu pandemic death rates of those who received the best medical care was 6.7% compared with those who received hydrotherapy at 1.34%. Hydrotherapy will increase the body temperature and stimulate the activity of the immune cells, which can kill the viruses. Increasing the body temperature to 39.5 degrees centigrade was shown to kill the virus. Following the hot water bath with cold treatment was shown to be even more effective. Many foods have been found to enhance the immune system and to fight the flu virus. Foods such as blueberries, garlic, and probiotics were shown to improve natural killer activity. Vitamin C, Vitamin D, Zinc, and selenium play a role in immunity. Foods rich in antioxidants such as kale, blueberries, red bell peppers, and all citrus fruits also help enhance the immune system. During the 1918 flu pandemic that received hydrotherapy and other natural remedies, out of the 120 students and staff exposed, there were 90 patients, none very sick, and there were no deaths. Natural remedies used in the Spanish flu pandemic and should be instituted to help enhance immunity and lessen the deadly impact of COVID-19 cancer patients.

3.
International Journal of Molecular Sciences ; 23(8):4203, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1809937

ABSTRACT

[...]this model system is now being actively used not only to studying in vivo functions of human disease-related genes, but also to screen and evaluate candidate substances for therapeutic research. The fly model utilized for this study shows a number of parallels to obese human, exhibiting increased body mass, decreased locomotive ability and shortened life span. In a comprehensive review article published in this volume, Harnish et al. introduced studies that used transgenic Drosophila strains to overexpress pathogenic proteins produced by viruses and bacteria to elucidate host-pathogen interactions in vivo [9]. Since the innate immune system, developmental signaling pathways, and many other fundamental biological pathways are conserved between humans and Drosophila, insights into how pathogenic proteins alter these pathways have been investigated in vivo using Drosophila models, especially over the past decade. [...]damage results in loss of heterozygosity of a visible marker during larval development, which can easily be visualized as mutant wing spots in adult flies. Since the SMART assay is high-throughput, economic and can be used to assess food safety, drug safety and genotoxicity of various environmental pollutants, the authors argue that various health-related industries can benefit from this technology.

4.
Nutrition & Food Science ; : 12, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1806861

ABSTRACT

Purpose University students are one of the vulnerable groups in terms of having nutritional problems due to their lifestyle and social environment. This study aims to determine the consumption of fast food among university students and evaluate factors that may impact it, such as sociodemographic factors, body mass index (BMI) or nutritional habits. Design/methodology/approach A cross-sectional study was conducted among a random sample of 184 university students (47.8% men and 52.2% women) with a mean age of 21.1 +/- 2.0 years. The survey included students' sociodemographic characteristics, anthropometric measurements, nutritional habits and fast-food consumption. Chi-square test, t-test and binary logistic regression analysis were used depending on the characteristics of the data. Findings Results indicated that 39.7% of the students consumed fast food at least once in 15 days and preferred these foods for taste, workload and social activity. Consumption of fast food occurred at an earlier age in men (%13.6) and the portions were higher than portions of vegetables (p = 0.001). By using regression analysis, a statistically significant relationship was found between the frequency of fast-food consumption and age, gender, economic status, BMI, the amount of vegetables consumed daily and the habit of eating breakfast (p < 0.05). Research limitations/implications It is planned to reach more students in the study. However, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, transportation to students became difficult or could not be reached. Originality/value This study is one of the rare studies examining students' orientation to fast food. The number of studies in this field in Turkey is limited.

5.
Berliner Munchener Tierarztl. Wochenschr. ; 134:16, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1793130

ABSTRACT

This article summarizes current detections of coronaviruses in bats in different geographic regions worldwide, and underlines the potential role of bats as ancestor and reservoir hosts of different coronaviruses. Bats can be found in almost all global habitats with the notable exception of the high arctic and a few isolated oceanic islands. First, we give an overview on the potential role of bats as carriers of zoonotic viruses, underlining the relevance of specific physiological traits of representatives of this mammalian order, that are supporting the transmission of these disease agents. Research in this field was predominantly initiated by the SARS coronavirus event in 2003, and in the meantime, bats are assumed to be the ancestor hosts for numerous alpha and beta coronaviruses. Bat associated coronaviruses have been detected on all continents where bats are distributed. Since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, coronavirus research has again been considerably intensified, leading to a gain of knowledge regarding the interaction between bats and coronaviruses that will be valuable in the management of potential future outbreaks originating from bats. Finally, an outlook is given on research gaps that could be invaluable when dealing with future pandemic events.

6.
Front Nutr ; 9:847996, 2022.
Article in English | PubMed | ID: covidwho-1792994

ABSTRACT

This paper addresses the issue of fruit and vegetable purchases in the UK during the COVID-19 pandemic. The study is motivated by the importance of fruit and vegetables for human nutrition, health and reduction of population obesity, especially in the UK where per capita consumption is still below recommended levels. A rich panel dataset was used reporting actual shopping places and quarterly expenditure for at-home consumption of fruit and vegetable purchases of 12,492 households in years 2019 and 2020. The unique dataset allowed us to compare expenditure for fruit and vegetables before and after the COVID-19 outbreak and to identify the main drivers of changes in purchases. Regression analysis found that expenditure increased ~3% less than what expected given the overall increase in the numbers of at-home meals during lockdown. Also, Online shopping was found to be an alternative source for fruit and vegetables purchase during the pandemic. However, the expenditure for processed products grew more than the one for fresh products, resulting in a reduction of the relative share of the latter and possible deterioration of the diet quality.

7.
Curr Dev Nutr ; 6(3): nzac025, 2022 Mar.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1788481

ABSTRACT

Background: The coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has complicated rigorous evaluation of public health nutrition programs. The USDA Gus Schumacher Nutrition Incentive Program (USDA GusNIP) funds nutrition incentive programs to improve fruit and vegetable purchasing and intake by incentivizing Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) participants at the point of sale. GusNIP grantees are required to collect survey data (e.g., fruit and vegetable intake and food insecurity status) on a subset of participants. However, due to COVID-19, most GusNIP grantees faced formidable barriers to data collection. The Hunger Task Force Mobile Market (HTFMM), a Wisconsin-based 2019 GusNIP grantee, used particularly innovative methods to successfully collect these data (n > 500 surveys). Objectives: The aim was to explore HTFMM's successful participant-level data-collection evaluation during COVID-19. Methods: A single case study methodological approach framed this study. The case is the HTFMM in Milwaukee, WI, USA. Participants included HTFMM leadership (n = 3), evaluators (n = 2), staff (n = 3), volunteers (n = 3), and customers (n = 10). These teleconference interviews were recorded and transcribed verbatim. Transcripts were coded using thematic qualitative analysis methods with 2 independent coders. Results: Four salient themes emerged: 1) there were multiple key players with unique roles and responsibilities who contributed to personalized, proactive, and time-intensive, telephone-based proctored survey collection methods; 2) the importance of resources dedicated to comprehensive evaluation; 3) longstanding relationships rooted in trust and community-based service are key to successful program delivery, engagement, and evaluation; and 4) the COVID-19 data-collection protocol also serves to mitigate nonpandemic challenges to in-person survey collection. Conclusions: These findings provide guidance on how alternative methods for data collection during COVID-19 can be used and applied to other situations that may affect the ability to collect participant-level data. These findings contribute to a growing body of literature as to best practices and approaches to collecting participant-level data to evaluate public health nutrition programs.

8.
Emerald Open Research ; 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1786615

ABSTRACT

Background: Evidence suggests that people living in poverty often experience inadequate nutrition with short and long-term health consequences. Whilst the diets of low-income households have been subject to scrutiny, there is limited evidence in the UK on the diet quality and food practices of households reporting food insecurity and food bank use. We explore lived experiences of food insecurity and underlying drivers of diet quality among low-income families, drawing upon two years of participatory research with families of primary school age children. Methods: We report on a mixed-methods study of the relationship between low income, food bank use, food practices and consumption from a survey of 612 participants, including 136 free text responses and four focus groups with 22 participants. The research followed a parallel mixed-methods design: qualitative and quantitative data were collected separately, although both were informed by participatory work. Quantitative data were analysed using binary and multinomial logistic regression modelling;qualitative data were analysed thematically. Results: Lower income households and those living with food insecurity struggle to afford a level of fruit and vegetable consumption that approaches public health guidance for maintaining a healthy diet, despite high awareness of the constituents of a healthy diet. Participants used multiple strategies to ensure as much fruit, vegetable and protein consumption as possible within financial constraints. The quantitative data suggested a relationship between higher processed food consumption and having used a food bank, independent of income and food security status. Conclusions: The findings suggest that individualised, behavioural accounts of food practices on a low-income misrepresent the reality for people living with poverty. Behavioural or educational interventions are therefore likely to be less effective in tackling food insecurity and poor nutrition among people on a low income;policies focusing on structural drivers, including poverty and geographical access to food, are needed.

10.
BMC Med ; 20(1): 147, 2022 Apr 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1779648

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In March 2020, the UK implemented the Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme (furlough) to minimise job losses. Our aim was to investigate associations between furlough and diet, physical activity, and sleep during the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: We analysed data on 25,092 participants aged 16-66 years from eight UK longitudinal studies. Changes in employment, including being furloughed, were based on employment status before and during the first lockdown. Health behaviours included fruit and vegetable consumption, physical activity, and sleep. Study-specific estimates obtained using modified Poisson regression, adjusting for socio-demographic characteristics and pre-pandemic health and health behaviours, were statistically pooled using random effects meta-analysis. Associations were also stratified by sex, age, and education. RESULTS: Across studies, between 8 and 25% of participants were furloughed. Compared to those who remained working, furloughed workers were slightly less likely to be physically inactive (RR = 0.85; [95% CI 0.75-0.97]; I 2 = 59%) and did not differ overall with respect to low fruit and vegetable consumption or atypical sleep, although findings for sleep were heterogenous (I 2 = 85%). In stratified analyses, furlough was associated with lower fruit and vegetable consumption among males (RR = 1.11; [1.01-1.22]; I 2 = 0%) but not females (RR = 0.84; [0.68-1.04]; I 2 = 65%). Considering changes in quantity, furloughed workers were more likely than those who remained working to report increases in fruit and vegetable consumption, exercise, and hours of sleep. CONCLUSIONS: Those furloughed exhibited similar health behaviours to those who remained in employment during the initial stages of the pandemic. There was little evidence to suggest that adoption of such social protection policies in the post-pandemic recovery period and during future economic crises had adverse effects on population health behaviours.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pandemics , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , COVID-19/epidemiology , Communicable Disease Control , Diet , Exercise , Fruit , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Sleep , United Kingdom/epidemiology , Vegetables , Young Adult
11.
The COVID-19 pandemic and its implications for food safety in East Africa|2021. vi + 18 pp. many ref. ; 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1777139

ABSTRACT

This study explored how response to COVID-19, especially the implementation of mitigation measures, might have impacted on food safety in East Africa. The work was implemented in the framework of an ongoing food safety project in East Africa that was being led by the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI). Data were collected in November and December 2020 through telephone and online interviews and using a short guide developed by the project. Food safety experts (n = 25) based in countries within East Africa and who had engaged with ILRI in previous projects were asked to participate in the study. In terms of impact, livestock was ranked as the most affected value chain (60%;15/25), followed by vegetables and fruits (32%) and finally fish (8%). For livestock products, meat (62%), dairy (38%) and poultry (12%) were the most affected by the pandemic. The cereals value chain was perceived to be the least affected (68%). As regards to regulation, staff were few and had to work in shifts. Market surveillance programs were also affected. Food safety concerns associated with bulk purchases (aflatoxins, access to expired products etc.) were reported. Gaps in the implementation of the One Health approach were observed. COVID-19 has significantly impacted food systems, not only in terms of production and access but also in terms of quality and safety of available food products. Interventions to address future pandemics will need to consider the negative impacts arising from enforcement of measures to mitigate diseases of public health importance. A One Health approach would facilitate this.

12.
Latin American Journal of Pharmacy ; 41(1):214-223, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1776954

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 pandemic has infected more than 208 million people and accounted for more than 4.5 million deaths worldwide. In our present study, Najran university (NU) students’ knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) towards COVID-19 was assessed using twenty, ten and eight-item scale questions respec-tively. Similarly, use of herbal and nutritional supplements to protect and cure against COVID-19 infections was measured including type, source of information and factors enforcing the use of such supplements. Addi-tionally, students shared their beliefs about immune enhancing potential of various nutritional components. SPSS package was used to perform statistical analyses. A total of 94 (67%) responses were obtained from male undergraduate pharmacy students. The students with good knowledge, positive attitude and proper practice towards COVID-19 were 29.6%, 85.2%, and 72.8%. respectively. Almost half of students used some herbal and nutritional supplements as protective measure against the COVID-19 infection. As forecasted, honey (34.6%), ginger (33.3%), and vitamin C (32.1%) were the most commonly used supplements. More than half students believe that using garlic (60.5%), black seeds (53.5%), citrus fruits (53.1%), and ginger tea (50.6%) will boost the immunity. Considering the fact that in-campus teaching has resumed in Saudi Arabian universities, amalgamate with peers would be common, hence adequate level of KAP towards COVID-19 is essential. Perhaps, getting COVID-19 vaccine shots are mandatory to attend in-campus classes in Saudi Arabia, still following precautionary measure are obligatory.

13.
Front Public Health ; 9: 706151, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1775820

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Neighborhood environment factors are relevant for dietary behaviors, but associations between home neighborhood context and disease prevention behaviors vary depending on the definition of neighborhood. The present study uses a publicly available dataset to examine whether associations between neighborhood socioeconomic status (NSES) and fruit/vegetable (FV) consumption vary when NSES is defined by different neighborhood sizes and shapes. Methods: We analyzed data from 1,736 adults with data in GeoFLASHE, a geospatial extension of the National Cancer Institute's Family Life, Activity, Sun, Health, and Eating Study (FLASHE). We examined correlations of NSES values across neighborhood buffer shapes (circular or street network) and sizes (ranging from 400 to 1,200 m) and ran weighted simple and multivariable regressions modeling frequency of FV consumption by NSES for each neighborhood definition. Regressions were also stratified by gender. Results: NSES measures were highly correlated across various neighborhood buffer definitions. In models adjusted for socio-demographics, circular buffers of all sizes and street buffers 750 m and larger were significantly associated with FV consumption frequency for women only. Conclusion: NSES may be particularly relevant for women's FV consumption, and further research can examine whether these associations are explained by access to food stores, food shopping behavior, and/or psychosocial variables. Although different NSES buffers are highly correlated, researchers should conceptually determine spatial areas a priori.


Subject(s)
Feeding Behavior , Residence Characteristics , Adult , Female , Fruit , Humans , Social Class , Vegetables
14.
Journal of Food Processing and Preservation ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1752596

ABSTRACT

Fresh fruits and vegetables carry a heavy load of microorganisms which may cause the risks of food-borne illness to the consumer. Even after washing with water, there is a need for sanitization and disinfection to drop down a load of harmful microbes under the safe limit. Sanitizers and disinfectants are not only cost-effective but also nonhazardous and eco-friendly. Moreover, they should not hamper the organoleptic and nutritional properties of fresh produce. With rising demand for safe, nutritious, and fresh fruits and vegetables, many new disinfectants and treatments are commercially available. During this COVID-19 outbreak, knowledge of sanitizers and disinfectants for fresh fruits and vegetables is very important. This review focuses on working principles, applications, and related legislation of physical and chemical disinfection technologies (chlorine, chlorine dioxide, ozone, organic acids, electrolyzed water, irradiation, ultrasound etc.) and their effectiveness for shelf-life extension of fresh produce. Novelty impact statement: This review article gives comprehensive information about potential sanitizers and disinfectants for fresh produce discussing their mechanisms and relevant legislation in one place. The article will help the readers to opt for the suitable method for disinfecting fresh produce and also will provide a reference to use these methods within permissible limits as per legislation. Such information is very much relevant in the present Covid-19 pandemic scenario. © 2022 Wiley Periodicals LLC.

15.
Non-conventional in English | National Technical Information Service, Grey literature | ID: grc-753581

ABSTRACT

Transmission of SARS-CoV-2, the causative agent ofCOVID-19, primarily occurs through respiratory droplets, although increasing evidence suggests the potential for airborne transmission. However, fomites may act as a secondary transmission mode. Before purchase, produce is commonly handled by and exposed to multiple persons, including staff and shoppers, therefore increasing the likelihood of contamination via infectious respiratory droplets (> 5 micrometers) and/or droplet nuclei (less than or equal to 5 micrometers). Herein, we carried out a pilot study to model the stability of SARS-CoV-2 on apples, tomatoes, and jalapeno peppers at two temperatures following an aerosol exposure designed to simulate a low-dose SARS-CoV-2 airborne transmission event involving droplet nuclei.

16.
Open Forum Infectious Diseases ; 8(SUPPL 1):S526, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1746360

ABSTRACT

Background. Ending the HIV Epidemic: A Plan for America aims to decrease new HIV diagnoses 75% by 2025 and 90% by 2030. To achieve this, we identified patients unable to achieve viral suppression with social-behavioral needs deemed 'high-hanging fruit.' Via extensive outreach efforts and creation of shared problem solving, we pursued the goals of rapid and effective treatment leading to viral suppression and prevention of HIV transmission. We (1) exhausted all avenues of outreach to re-engage patients in HIV care and (2) identified personal or social characteristics related to difficulties in visit retention and achieving viral suppression. Methods. Of 446 Ryan White-eligible patients seen in an urban, academic medical center, 46 did not achieve and/or maintain viral suppression, and qualified for the study. We conducted a mixed methods survey comprised of both multiple choice and open-ended questions to ascertain what barriers patients face to continuous engagement in care and to achieving viral suppression. We developed a re-engagement outreach cycle which included: text messages and phone calls, electronic messages via patient portal or email, phone call to pharmacy to cross-check contact information, outreach to patients' emergency contact, and sending a letter by mail. Results. Of 46 participants, 32 were reached and 14 were not found. Sixteen re-engaged in care and of these, 14 completed the survey (see Figure). Those who completed the survey noted the following barriers to care: poor mental health, financial issues, problems committing to an appointment due to work/family/transportation, and COVID-19. Out of all 46 participants, the 14 who were not found had an overall a higher index of chaos. This index of chaos included, but was not limited to: homelessness, IV drug use, domestic violence, and stigma. Conclusion. Intensive efforts are required to re-engage patients, counsel on adherence, and achieve viral suppression. The reasons for lack of engagement in care are real and challenging. Multiple cycles of continuous outreach serve to establish trust, address barriers, and connect to HIV care.

17.
Applied Sciences ; 12(5):2747, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1736827

ABSTRACT

Food supply disruption and shortage verified during the current pandemic events are a scenario that many anticipate for the near future. The impact of climate changes on food production, the continuous decrease in arable land, and the exponential growth of the human population are important drivers for this problem. In this context, adding value to food waste is an obvious strategy to mitigate food shortages, but there is a long way to go in this field. Globally, it is estimated that one-third of all food produced is lost. This is certainly due to many different factors, but the lack of awareness of the consumer about the nutritional value of certain foods parts, namely peels and seeds, is certainly among them. In this review, we will unveil the nutritional and bioactive value of the waste discarded from the most important fresh fruit and vegetables consumed worldwide as a strategy to decrease food waste. This will span the characterization of the bioactive composition of selected waste from fruits and vegetables, particularly their seeds and peels, and their possible uses, whether in our diet or recycled to other ends.

18.
25th Pan-Hellenic Conference on Informatics, PCI 2021 ; : 167-171, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1736151

ABSTRACT

The growing demand for food supplies, caused by the global population growth, and the continuously diminishing natural resources are posing many serious challenges. Furthermore, the economic and social uncertainty and the restrictions incurred by the recent COVID-19 pandemic are favouring the research for further fruit harvesting alternatives. The modernization of agriculture, involving interoperation among networking, machine learning, robotics, and big data entities seems to provide a promising direction to tackle the abovementioned problems. These systems, officially called cyber physical ones, can have a key role in the digital transformation of the agricultural sector, provided that people getting involved, from students and scientists of agricultural engineering to farmers and consulting professionals, are capable of understanding and using the diverse set of innovative applications belonging in this area. In this regard, taking advantage of the wide availability of cheap electronic components and suitable programming environments, modern educational practices can be further updated to provide tailored agricultural engineering solutions. The work presented herein describes the efforts to utilize a small robotic arm to identify and pick small fruits, assisted by a smart camera and a voice-commanded module. Despite the selection of low cost commercial off-the-self components and the small size of the final implementation, the main challenges towards the realization of a full-scale system, suitable for farm use, are fluently outlined while additional evaluation results are provided, from the educational point of view, as well. © 2021 ACM.

19.
IOP Conference Series. Earth and Environmental Science ; 980(1):012061, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1730603

ABSTRACT

Since the implementation of social distancing and physical distancing due to the outbreak/pandemic of the Coronavirus (Covid-19), direct sales in the market have experienced a shortage of buyers. Farmers also share this in Indonesia, where the price game offered by collectors does not match the market price. The second problem is the mismatch of prices in each market, forcing farmers to check locations to sell their agricultural products. This problem is also experienced by the O’reng Rembangan Community Information Group (KIM), one of the community groups engaged in production to cultivate vegetable and fruit gardens in Kemuning Lor Village, Arjasa District, Jember Regency. The purpose of this research is the creation of an information system that can help farmers, especially KIM O’reng Rembangan, to obtain current market price information, receive market recommendations for agricultural products, get the nearest market from the location of farmers, and can be used by sellers to make purchases, optimize stock merchandise. This research also focuses on the prediction of agricultural commodity prices. The method used is the Probabilistic Neural Network (PNN) method to estimate the price of agricultural commodities. The resulting system in this study consists of 2 parts. The first part is the input device, which officers can use to enter the price of each agricultural commodity directly from each market. The second part is a Geographic information system used to display the forecasting results of agricultural commodity prices in each market. The forecast of agricultural commodity prices in this study has an accuracy of 98.3%.

20.
Horticulturae ; 8(2):171, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1715274

ABSTRACT

Nowadays, there is a large demand for nutrient-dense fruits to promote nutritional and metabolic human health. The production of commercial fruit crops is becoming progressively input-dependent to cope with the losses caused by biotic and abiotic stresses. A wide variety of underutilized crops, which are neither commercially cultivated nor traded on a large scale, are mainly grown, commercialized and consumed locally. These underutilized fruits have many advantages in terms of ease to grow, hardiness and resilience to climate changes compared to the major commercially grown crops. In addition, they are exceptionally rich in important phytochemicals and have medicinal value. Hence, their consumption may help to meet the nutritional needs of rural populations, such as those living in fragile arid and semi-arid regions around the world. In addition, local people are well aware of the nutritional and medicinal properties of these crops. Therefore, emphasis must be given to the rigorous study of the conservation and the nutritional characterization of these crops so that the future food basket may be widened for enhancing its functional and nutritional values. In this review, we described the ethnobotany, medicinal and nutritional values, biodiversity conservation and utilization strategies of 19 climate-resilient important, underutilized fruit crops of arid and semi-arid regions (Indian jujube, Indian gooseberry, lasora, bael, kair, karonda, tamarind, wood apple, custard apple, jamun, jharber, mahua, pilu, khejri, mulberry, chironji, manila tamarind, timroo, khirni).

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