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1.
Mirovaya Ekonomika I Mezhdunarodnye Otnosheniya ; JOUR(7):5-14, 66.
Article in Russian | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2100641

ABSTRACT

The article analyzes political, social, economic and cultural consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic for French society. The national strategies of the state management of the sanitary crisis that have developed in the world are investigated: the strategy of "zero tolerance to coronavirus";the strategy of free circulation of the virus;the strategy determined by the formula "stop and go". France, like many other Western countries, chose the last one, which implied a combination of harsh measures (lockdown, self-isolation, mandatory vaccination, introduction of sanitary passes) with relaxation caused by the demands of business and society. The increased role of the State in the fight against the pandemic is revealed. The political context of the pandemic crisis settlement is revealed: centralization of power;tight control of the head of state over the activities of the Cabinet of Ministers;dominance of political power over the professional medical community;reduction of the parliament's role. It is shown that under conditions of the sanitary crisis, the process of informatization of production and services accelerated, significant shifts occurred in the labor market, and there was an increase in social and socio-spatial inequality. The problem of the middle class, which continues to fragment, is acute. The pandemic and especially the methods of combating it caused a protest in French society: the French did not just express disbelief in the effectiveness of the vaccine, with their speeches they demonstrated distrust of the authorities and state institutions. The pandemic has shown that France is in dire need of a new social compromise that would take into account not only the interests of global corporations, but also people who have remained beyond the threshold of the information economy. The issue of reviewing the lowest salaries and raising the status of a number of professions is acute.

2.
Economic Analysis and Policy ; JOUR
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-2086125

ABSTRACT

This paper explores the degree of economic globalization convergence in the high (European and Central Asia) and low (South Asia) globalized developing economies from 1984 to 2019. The sigma convergence and unit root test results indicate the presence of economic globalization convergence, which means countries are capable enough to catch up and follow the same transitional path in both regions. We utilize the two-step Langrage Multiplier and the three-step Residual Augmented Least Squares unit root tests as robust checking convergence results. The results indicate the presence of economic globalization convergence across all countries and developing regions. The findings from the Phillips-Sul panel club convergence technique further support evidence of overall economic globalization convergence in both developing regions The findings also enable growing regions to take the unequal distribution of globalization policies. Developing regions should take adequate measures to curb the Covid-19 pandemic outbreak to sustain the higher speed of economic globalization in the long run. They should adopt club and sector-specific policies to achieve a high speed of convergence and efficient utilization of economic globalization.

3.
Technium Social Sciences Journal ; JOUR:225-230, 36.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-2083808

ABSTRACT

In the current era of globalization, there is access to technology that offers convenience, as well as its sophistication at this time. The existence of advances in the field of technology makes people often prefer to use advanced technology in the form of mobile phones or Cellphones in their daily lives. For example, in reading news through online media, watching news through digital platforms, they often use mobile phones instead of watching on television or reading in newspapers. This can lead to a new habit that is fond of operating mobile phones. That things like that will quickly and easily be imitated by their children. It is not uncommon to find that many parents often give mobile phones to their children to calm their crying child. Especially with the COVID-19 Pandemic, which requires people to work and study from home. Of course this will make the use of mobile phones more frequent, if things like this are done continuously it will become a bad habit if the role parents doesn't limit use of Cellphones or cell phones for children. With the frequent use or operation of mobile phones among children, what is feared is that they are dependent on mobile phones. The use of mobile phones will have good results if used in accordance with their functions and needs and will have bad consequences if the mobile phone has become a habit for children, from those who like to play outside house to often lock themselves in the room by only playing mobile phones or technological tools other sophisticated. [ FROM AUTHOR]

4.
SSRN;
Preprint in English | SSRN | ID: ppcovidwho-346177

ABSTRACT

This study investigates the long-run relationship between the de jure economic, political, and social globalization and foreign direct investments in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) to establish whether policies that foster trade and investment relations among geographical entities can help revive the GCC countries from the prevailing economic debacles of the COVID-19 pandemic. This study is driven by the GCC’s quest to fully overcome the economic challenges occasioned by the outbreak of the global pandemic and position itself as the most potent regional economic bloc in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. The study employs the panel data of the six GCC countries of Bahrain, United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Qatar, Oman, and Saudi Arabia from 1971 to 2017. The findings of the panel fully modified ordinary least square regression estimation show that the de jure economic and social globalization have a significant positive impact on the region’s foreign direct investment inflows. The impact of the de jure political globalization on foreign direct investment is statistically significant but negatively signed. Based on the preceding findings, we offer some holistic policy recommendations to the GCC region as recipes for timely recovery from the economic impact of COVID-19 and beyond.

5.
Global Health ; 18(1): 87, 2022 10 18.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2079513

ABSTRACT

Globalization has been declared dead or dying for many years, although recently, the number of voices declaring it 'over' has swelled [1]. As editors of a journal interrogating how globalization affects health, we confront the question: Have the COVID-19 pandemic, Russia's war against Ukraine, a breakdown in multilateralism, and the risk of a return to the stagflation of the 1970s finally sounded a death knell for the research and scholarship we have been publishing in the journal's 20-year history? We think not and argue below why, in our post-pandemic fractured and fractious era, it is vitally important to retain a focus on this messy construct short-handed as 'globalization.'


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pandemics , Humans , Uncertainty , Pandemics/prevention & control , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , Publishing , Internationality
6.
Coronavirus Disease: From Origin to Outbreak ; : 177-186, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2075786

ABSTRACT

This chapter examines the effects of COVID-19 on the world economy. Though the economic repercussions of any pandemic are more quantifiable once economies have had a chance to recover, the immediate effects are more glaring in a world dependent on global trade. In an attempt to understand the ripple effects COVID-19 on trade, supply, and demand coming to a halt, we highlight the most vulnerable industries and regions as well as the economic ramifications on everyday life. From pre-COVID-19 conditions to political ramifications and conflicts, to projected job losses as a direct repercussion of COVID-19, this chapter aims to highlight how a pandemic leaves lasting effects on the world economy. © 2022 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

7.
Studies in Business and Economics ; 17(2):5-22, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2071042

ABSTRACT

This study aims to analyze the relationship between employment opportunities and income before and during COVID-19. The research data collection is divided into two time periods, including January to March 2020 which is the period before COVID-19, while April to June 2020 is the period of during COVID-19. Each time period in this study analyzed 100 samples measured using a Likert scale. The method used in this research is simultaneous equation analysis with the Indirect Least Squares (ILS) approach. An important finding in this study for the period before and during COVID-19 is that employment opportunities are positively and significantly affected by infrastructure, economic conditions, government incentives and price stability. Meanwhile, income is positively and significantly influenced by employment opportunities, economic conditions, government incentives and price stability. Although the results of the research are the same for different time periods, based on the results of comparisons there has been a decrease in the contribution to employment and income during COVID-19. This study recommends that the government needs to maintain the stability of the indicators of employment opportunities and income used in this study so that turnover and community income do not decrease, especially during the COVID-19 period.

8.
New Global Studies ; 0(0), 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2070804

ABSTRACT

Globalization has run into two intersected momentous shifts over the past decade. One is an accelerating retreat in the Western-led economic globalization. The other is the continued surge of China as a leader of alternative economic globalization, via the Belt and Road Initiative. These two powerful trends are complicated by COVID-19 and the Ukraine war with their disruptions of global geopolitics, plus a potential technological decoupling between China and the United States as great-power rivals. This unprecedented combination of challenges and crises occasions a fresh analysis of the roles of the West versus China in shaping economic globalization past and present. Against the state-centric approach to globalization, I develop a historically-informed framework to couple spatial and sectoral analyses of the trajectories of economic globalization shaped by the West and China. I first examine the cross-regional dimensions of economic globalization across Eurasia featuring China's primary role in driving the China-Europe Freight Train. I then explore China's exceptional strength in delivering overseas infrastructure projects, as embodied by the China-Laos Railway, relative to the West's sectoral advantages bearing on economic globalization. Lastly, I summarily discuss the past and present roles of the West versus China in producing new divergence in future economic globalization.

9.
Perspectives on Global Development and Technology ; 21(2):221-232, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2070645

ABSTRACT

In 2020 coViD-19 caused global disruptions in the supply chain that are still showing ripple effects in mid-2022. Pandemics are not the only form of crisis that causes supply chain disruptions. With increasing instances of natural disasters, organizational mis-conduct, economic instability, and political unrest, crisis management has become a growing issue within businesses and the supply chain field. This article examines the previous literature on crisis management by identifying the types of crises that will affect a focal firm's suppliers in the chain, and how those types of crises will affect the supply chain. We continue by adding response measures through creating modular design and modular innovation capability, which will not prevent the crisis but will drastically decrease supply disruption and thus decrease response time for the focal firm. Lastly, a model is created for future empirical research based off of the previous literature that shows how modular design and modular innovation capability can alle-viate the damage of crises in the supply chain through greater agility, flexibility, and adaptability.

10.
Journal of Cleaner Production ; : 134650, 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-2069278

ABSTRACT

The global supply chain experienced unprecedented disruption due to the Covid-19 crisis in a dynamic world. Consequently, this situation has resulted in many businesses' discontinuity or closure due to disruptions that seriously affect the possibility of maintaining operations, especially micro, small and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs) in emerging markets. In this scenario, the food value chain is deeply concerned because of its vulnerability and importance to food security. Therefore, this study aims to examine the mechanism that enables businesses in the food value chain to overcome the challenging post-pandemic while rebuilding the foundation for long-term viability and sustainable development. Accordingly, this study examines the relationships between the responsible driving factors (towards the environment, society, and the economy) and the food value chain sustainability (FSCS) of MSMEs by exploiting the mediating role of sustainable supply chain management (SSCM) in an emerging market. This study applies a quantitative research approach using primary data from a questionnaire-based survey. 568 valid responses were received from managers at senior and middle levels. In analysis, this study uses a smart PLS 3.3.2 version, Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) technique, to analyze the structural relationships. The novelty of this study contributes beyond the extant body of knowledge of supply chain management (SCM) by providing a comprehensive approach to promoting FSCS by incorporating socially, environmentally, and economically responsible practices into SCM practices. In addition, this study contributes to broadening the concept of corporate social responsibility by broadening the perspective of sustainability by shifting the enterprise-based perspective to the food value chain-based perspective. Above all, this research provides a new approach to the food value chain in an emerging market that is inherently too challenging to afford the sustainability concept of the food value chain. In sum, the value of this study's contribution is significant to bridging the knowledge-practice gap by providing profound knowledge and an empirically proven framework for the mechanism boosting sustainability for MSMEs in the food value chain in emerging economies. Drawn upon the above highlights, the findings of this study may be of high interest to academics, business practitioners, and policy-makers.

11.
Sustainability ; 14(19):12578, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2066429

ABSTRACT

With significance in improving and developing local design culture as well as in supplementing global design history, this essay describes a study on the past and a clear prediction of the future by exploring Taiwan’s design history from approximately the 1960s to 2020 based on the evolution of theme, diversity, and sustainability. In this research, the Python programming language is used to apply three algorithms of term frequency–inverse document frequency (TF-IDF), Simpson’s diversity index (SDI), and latent Dirichlet allocation (LDA) to conduct a text exploration of design journals. The results show the following: in the 1960s–1980s, the evolution of theme focused on evaluation strategies, technical practices, and foreign cultures, on digital design, multiculturalism, and design aesthetics in the 1990s, and on emotional human factors, intelligent technology, and local culture since the beginning of the 21st century. Local culture and intelligent technology are the main driving forces of the current design industry. Regarding diversity, after a period of rapid change and stable rising, it has shown a downward trend in recent years. This indicates that current design needs to be stimulated by external environmental variations. Sustainability was focused on technology, the market, and education during the 1960s–1980s;on consumers, design education, and eco-design during the 1990s;and on integration across fields during the 2000s–2020. In order to gain a wider perspective of the complete design context of Chinese culture, the results show the current and future trends of the academic community, in addition to a reference for the study of the design histories of other areas in the world.

12.
International Journal of Research in Business and Social Science ; 11(6):528-541, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2067471

ABSTRACT

This study aims to re-examine the issues that involve outreaching the urgency of labor law for informal sector workers in the concept of the welfare state in Indonesia. The research method used is a normative juridical approach or a study of documents or literature that only focuses on labor laws currently in force in Indonesia. The qualitative method approach that is descriptive-analytic is used to describe the relationship of a phenomenon, idea, data, or fact that is found objectively. This study found that the rights, dignity, standard of living, and even the working environment of informal sector workers are still neglected by labor law in Indonesia today. The national labor law has not accommodated legal protection, guarantees, and social security, so there is a legal vacuum for informal sector workers. This condition contradicts the philosophy of Pancasila and the constitution, the 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia. Thus, efforts to develop labor laws are expected to be carried out by the government together with the legislature to make all parties have the same position in the production process for the achievement of the company's progress. will have implications for national economic growth. On the other hand, this effort is expected to create legal harmonization in the field of employment in general and especially for informal sector workers in the welfare state in Indonesia.

13.
6th IEEE International Conference on Smart Internet of Things, SmartIoT 2022 ; : 246-247, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2063288

ABSTRACT

Due to impact for Coronavirus, Automotive industry faced challenges from global supply chain. Localization and De-globalization topic become more and more important. Automotive component purchasing strategy will be focused on localization. Target to keep whole supply chain safety and reduce additional risk and cost. © 2022 IEEE.

14.
SSRN; 2022.
Preprint in English | SSRN | ID: ppcovidwho-344307

ABSTRACT

Supply chain disruptions have reverberated in higher prices and shortages among even the most basic commodities, from poultry to consumer electronics to generic drugs and renewable energy. A halt in production along with an immense worker layoff stemming from the COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in ships stranded at sea, a shortage of truck drivers, and ultimately a sharp rise in inflation rates. The impact of the supply chain disruption is global. 15 of the 34 countries classified as advanced economies by the International Monetary Fund's World Economic Outlook had 12-month inflation rates above 5% through December 2021, a jump which had not been seen for 20 years. With the crisis expected to last for many more months, it is necessary to analyze and assess the impacts that have already transpired as well as what could be in store for the near future. This research paper examines the economic causes and implications of the ongoing supply chain crisis, as well as provides prospective short and long-term solutions.

15.
Cogito ; 14(3):44-62, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2058050

ABSTRACT

The protracted COVID-19 epidemic is unique not only because it has changed the familiar life on a global scale. The distant way of social life, the emergence of new social standards, the intensification of existential risks have become a challenge and for philosophy itself, its ability to expand the horizons of reflection of new reality. The article discusses the specifics of individual and social life in the context of the theory of viral modernity and the problems of global digital control. In addition, the methodological possibilities of phenomenology allow us to comprehend the modern pandemic as an extraordinary event that, in contrast to the temporality of ordinary experience, radically changes the perception of time in the conditions of COVID everyday life.

16.
Sociologia y Tecnociencia ; 12(2):20-34, 2022.
Article in Spanish | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2056846

ABSTRACT

El desarrollo progresivo y constante de nuevas tecnologías ha impactado en la sociedad de forma importante y, en ocasiones, de manera desapercibida. Se trata, sin duda, de un importante agente y motor para cualquier cambio social como constatamos al analizar su incidencia en aspectos tan variados como la competitividad en la empresa e industria, o el sector productivo en general, los canales y medios de comunicación, las relaciones sociales y, decididamente, en la calidad de vida percibida por los ciudadanos/as. Para encuadrar adecuadamente el impacto de este desarrollo tecnológico es conveniente que lo contextuaremos con el fenómeno de la globalización, junto con los hitos propios de las tecnologías emergentes, y con el desarrollo paralelo de la Sociedad de la Información, analizándolo atendiendo no solo a los resultados deseables que produce en la sociedad, sino también resaltando aquellas consecuencias no tan deseables que produce en las actuales sociedades contemporáneas. Con este encuadre esperamos alcanzaremos una perspectiva correcta de nuestro objeto de estudio.Alternate :The progressive and constant deployment of new technologies has remarkably impacted on the society, often inadvertently. It constitutes, without any doubt, a timely agent and force for any social change, as we can show upon analyzing its incidence in diverse aspects such as the competitiveness companies and industries, or the productive sector (more generally speaking), the communication channels and mass media, the social relationships, and markedly on the citizenship quality of life. To adequately framework the ultimate impact of this technological development, it is convenient to not forget its imbrication within the globalization phenomena, aligned with the milestones of emerging technologies, and with the parallel growth of the information society. This would allow its analysis not only looking at the tangible results for the society, but also underlining those undesired consequences for the contemporaty societies. We hope to achieve with this approach a correct perspective for the subject of our research.

17.
Türkiye &Iacute ; letişim Araştırmaları Dergisi = Turkish Review of Communication Studies; - (38):512-519, 2021.
Article in Turkish | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2056631

ABSTRACT

Risk, yaşam var olduğundan beri insanlığın karşılaştığı tehlike ve tehdit durumlarını ifade etmektedir. Ínsanlık riskleri bertaraf etmek için ilk çağlardan günümüze kadar geçen dönemde bilim ve teknolojinin gücünü kullanarak doğaya müdahale etmeyi öğrenmiştir. Doğaya müdahale günümüzde o kadar çok ileri gitmiştir ki Beck’in risk toplumu teorisinde ifade ettiği şekliyle doğa yapay bir duruma dönüşmüştür. Dolayısıyla eskisinden çok daha fazla risklerle dolu bir dünya ortaya çıkmıştır. Risk toplumu teorisinde Beck’in küreselleşmenin etkisiyle ülkeler arasında sınırların bir anlamının kalmadığını ifade etmesi Covid-19 pandemi sürecinde dünyanın herhangi bir köşesinde ortaya çıkan pandeminin bütün ülkeleri kısa sürede ve hızla etkiler hale gelmesi açısından önemli bir değerlendirmedir. Bu çalışma, Beck’in risk toplumu teorisinde dile getirdiği küreselleşme, bumerang etkisi, gerçeğe susamışlık, sosyal eşitsizlik, riskin inkârı, risk pazarlaması, bireyselleşme, bilimin yetersizliği ve itibar kaybı, medyanın riski sunuş biçimi konuları ile bağlantılı olarak pandemi süreci üzerinden değerlendirilmektedir. Pandeminin sebeplerinin ve ortaya çıkan sonuçlarının Beck’in risk toplumu teorisinde ortaya koyduğu sonuçlar ile örtüşmesi önemsenecek niteliktedir.Alternate : Risk refers to the situations of danger and threat that humanity has faced since life has existed. Humanity has learned to intervene in nature by using the power of science and technology to eliminate risks from the earliest ages to the present day. Today, interference with nature has gone so far that nature has turned into an artificial state, as Beck expressed in the theory of a risk society. Therefore, a world has emerged as full of risks much more than before. Beck’s statement that there is no sense of borders between countries due to the impact of globalization in his theory is an important evaluation in terms of the fact that the pandemic that occurs in any region of the world in the Covid-19 pandemic period affects fast all countries in a very short time. In this study, globalization, boomerang effect, thirst for truth, social inequality, risk denial, risk marketing, individualization, lack of science and loss of reputation, the way the media presents risk are evaluated through the pandemic period in connection with the issues expressed by Beck in his theory. It is significant that the results revealed by Beck coincide with the causes of the pandemic and its consequences.

18.
Journal of Russian Law ; 26(9):53-69, 2022.
Article in Russian | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-2056414

ABSTRACT

The challenges of the modern era, including economic, financial, socio-environmental crises, international terrorism, the pandemic of a new coronavirus infection, increase the relevance of new strategies for the development of the Russian Federation, the search for its role and place in the changing global economic and political system. One of the cornerstones on which such a strategy should be built is the new concept of proportionality of universal and national values, reflected in the Constitution of the Russian Federation, updated during the Russian Constitutional Reform -- 2020. The article explores the reasons that led to the need to update this concept;its individual elements, some features of the reflection of these elements in Russian legislation. The purpose of the study is to identify in the Russian legislation the features of reflection of the updated concept of proportionality of universal and national values. Research methods: to achieve this goal, both general scientific methods (analysis and synthesis, generalization, dialectical) and special scientific methods are used: the formal logical method, methods of comparative jurisprudence and legal and technical analysis, as well as legal monitoring. Results: the practice of changes in Russian legislation is considered in the context of the formation of a socio-value model of the Constitution of the Russian Federation and the reflection in the Constitution of the Russian Federation of the updated concept of proportionality of universal and national values. The data of monitoring the reflection in the Russian legislation and the legislation of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation of the constitutional novelties of 2020, improving the mechanism for implementing the principle of supremacy of the Constitution of the Russian Federation throughout its territory and the novelties forming an updated "catalog" of the values of the Basic Law, are presented. [ FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Journal of Russian Law is the property of Legal Publishing House 'Norma' and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

19.
European Journal of Economics and Economic Policies: Intervention ; 19(2):260-277, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2055973

ABSTRACT

How has financial globalization changed the nature of the external vulnerability of emerging economies? The authors first present an overview of the changes in international capital flows and cross-border stocks involving emerging economies from the 1970s to the COVID-19 crisis, and then identify relevant recent shifts in financial globalization. They depart from the critique of growth by debt strategies, put forward, among others, by Riese, and the concept of currency hierarchy. Their question is whether this critique still holds when one considers the main recent features of financial globalization. They find that Riese’s contributions are still relevant when analysing the external vulnerability of emerging-market economies (EMEs), even with caveats that stem from his oversimplified view of the financial sector. They conclude that financial vulnerability overall has not decreased, but rather has changed its nature and the channels through which it affects EMEs, becoming more complex. © 2022 The Author.

20.
Journal of International Entrepreneurship ; 20(3):345-374, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2048386

ABSTRACT

The relationship between entrepreneurial orientations and internationalization has been examined extensively, but the recent developments in the rapidly changing environment point to the need for further examination of international entrepreneurs’ orientations in their own embedding contexts and beyond. There is ample evidence suggesting a positive relationship between the firm’s combined overall international entrepreneurial orientation, its extent of innovativeness, export (or international marketing), collaborative, and socio-cultural orientations and the scope and speed of its internationalization. The aim of this article is to examine the challenges and developments among the integral components of international entrepreneurial orientations and their associated activities, strategies, and resources to integrate their interactive impacts for better understanding of the broader concepts of international entrepreneurship orientations and international entrepreneurship capital in the increasing complexities of entrepreneurial internationalization processes.

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