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1.
World Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; 14(3):92-93, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-20240951

ABSTRACT

The diagnosis of acromegaly is still a difficult task, as the disease has a slow onset and progression, and some of its symptoms may resemble those of other common conditions. Delays in diagnosis are common. Moreover, due to the continuous requirement for mask-wearing in many healthcare settings to prevent the spread of COVID-19, it is crucial to conduct a comprehensive examination of each patient without a face mask.Copyright © The Author(s). 2022.

2.
International Journal of Agriculture, Environment and Biotechnology ; 16(1):35-43, 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-20240583

ABSTRACT

In the wake of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19), many plant material such as artemisia (Artemisia vulgaris L) have received renewed attention as cheap, easy-to-make treatment for many infections. However, the proliferation of artemisia from seeds is often a lengthy process. Here we investigated the role of commercial (Indol-3-butyric acid - IBA, Natural Rooting Hormone Powder - NRHP, Apple Cider Vinegar - ACV) and cottage-made (coconut water - CW and aloe vera gel - AVG) rooting hormone, and water as control (CONT) on the proliferation of artemisia cuttings in a greenhouse experiment in 2021. The survival of artemisia cuttings did not differ significantly (P > .05) across the treatments. The highest number of stems (19) and plant height (138.0 cm) was observed from CW + AVG, and the differed significantly from the others (P < .05) from the others. AVG produced the highest number of leaves per plant (1466), followed by CW (1317), CW + AVG (1278), and IBA (1241). The leaf dry weight was highest in CW + AVG, followed by those of CW and IBA. A similar pettern was observed for the root dry weight. The findings from this study showed that cottage-made plant based (coconut water and aloe vera gel) growth hormone has comparable effect to commercially available IBA on overall performance of artemisia cuttings. This study has great implications for low-tech proliferation of artemisia.

3.
Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep ; 23(5): 213-224, 2023 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2320410

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article reviews hypopituitarism after TBI, the importance of pituitary hormones, and related controversies, concluding with a suggested patient approach. RECENT FINDINGS: While earlier studies focused on increased pituitary deficiencies after moderate-severe TBI, recent studies have focused on deficiencies after mild TBI. There has been increasing focus on the role of growth hormone after injury; growth hormone is the most frequent reported deficiency at 1 year post-TBI, and an area with unresolved questions. While more research is needed to quantify the risk of deficiencies in special populations, and establish the natural history, increasing data indicate an increase in hypopituitarism after other acquired brain injuries; the potential role of pituitary hormone deficiencies after stroke and after COVID-19 infection is an area of active inquiry. Given the negative health effects of untreated hypopituitarism and the opportunity to intervene via hormone replacement, it is important to recognize the role of pituitary hormone deficiencies after TBI.


Subject(s)
Brain Injuries , COVID-19 , Human Growth Hormone , Hypopituitarism , Humans , COVID-19/complications , Hypopituitarism/epidemiology , Hypopituitarism/etiology , Growth Hormone
4.
Front Public Health ; 11: 1043584, 2023.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2314146

ABSTRACT

Background: Growth hormone deficiency (GHD) is a rare disorder characterized by inadequate secretion of growth hormone (GH) from the anterior pituitary gland. One of the challenges in optimizing GH therapy is improving adherence. Using digital interventions may overcome barriers to optimum treatment delivery. Massive open online courses (MOOCs), first introduced in 2008, are courses made available over the internet without charge to a large number of people. Here, we describe a MOOC aiming to improve digital health literacy among healthcare professionals managing patients with GHD. Based on pre- and post-course assessments, we evaluate the improvement in participants' knowledge upon completion of the MOOC. Methods: The MOOC entitled 'Telemedicine: Tools to Support Growth Disorders in a Post-COVID Era' was launched in 2021. It was designed to cover 4 weeks of online learning with an expected commitment of 2 h per week, and with two courses running per year. Learners' knowledge was assessed using pre- and post-course surveys via the FutureLearn platform. Results: Out of 219 learners enrolled in the MOOC, 31 completed both the pre- and post-course assessments. Of the evaluated learners, 74% showed improved scores in the post-course assessment, resulting in a mean score increase of 21.3%. No learner achieved 100% in the pre-course assessment, compared with 12 learners (40%) who achieved 100% in the post-course assessment. The highest score increase comparing the pre- and the post-course assessments was 40%, observed in 16% of learners. There was a statistically significant improvement in post-course assessment scores from 58.1 ± 18.9% to 72.6 ± 22.4% reflecting an improvement of 14.5% (p < 0.0005) compared to the pre-course assessment. Conclusion: This "first-of-its-kind" MOOC can improve digital health literacy in the management of growth disorders. This is a crucial step toward improving the digital capability and confidence of healthcare providers and users, and to prepare them for the technological innovations in the field of growth disorders and growth hormone therapy, with the aim of improving patient care and experience. MOOCs provide an innovative, scalable and ubiquitous solution to train large numbers of healthcare professionals in limited resource settings.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Education, Distance , Health Literacy , Humans , Educational Measurement , Growth Hormone , Growth Disorders
5.
Food Research ; 7(1):135-143, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2275511

ABSTRACT

The consumption of organic food is increasing globally due to heightening awareness of its benefits in terms of nutrients such as antioxidants and minerals as compared to conventional food. Organic food is also safer to consume as it is farmed without using human-made or artificial chemical fertilizers, pesticides, growth hormones or regulators and feed additives. Nevertheless, very few studies have been conducted to understand the demand side in purchasing organic foods, especially during the COVID-19 outbreak. Hence, this study aimed to investigate the underlying factors that drive consumers' willingness to purchase organic foods during the inevitable challenge of the COVID-19 pandemic, based on the two underpinning theories;Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA) and the Protection Motivation Theory (PMT). A questionnaire-based survey was distributed using WhatsApp messaging to 100 respondents as this method was deemed safer compared to the face-to-face method during the pandemic. PLS-SEM was employed to test the structural relationship of the constructs proposed in the model. The results indicated that response efficacy, attitudes, and subjective norm had a significant influence on consumers' willingness to purchase organic food. The remaining constructs based on the PMT model had no impact on willingness. Further investigation revealed that response efficacy was the most important factor driving consumers to purchase organic food during the COVID-19 pandemic.Copyright © 2023 The Authors. Published by Rynnye Lyan Resources.

6.
Endocrine ; 2022 Oct 20.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2248500

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) is a hypothalamic hormone, which regulates growth hormone release from the anterior pituitary gland. GHRH antagonists (GHRHAnt) are anticancer agents, which also exert robust anti-inflammatory activities in malignancies. GHRHAnt exhibit anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory effects in vascular endothelial cells, indicating their potential use against disorders related to barrier dysfunction (e.g. sepsis). Herein, we aim to investigate the effects of GHRHAnt against lung endothelial hyperpermeability. METHODS: The in vitro effects of GHRHAnt in H2O2-induced endothelial barrier dysfunction were investigated in bovine pulmonary artery endothelial cells (BPAEC). Electric cell-substrate impedance sensing (ECIS) was utilized to measure transendothelial resistance, an indicator of barrier function. RESULTS: Our results demonstrate that GHRHAnt protect against H2O2-induced endothelial barrier disruption via P53 and cofilin modulation. Both proteins are crucial modulators of vascular integrity. Moreover, GHRHAnt prevent H2O2 - induced decrease in transendothelial resistance. CONCLUSIONS: GHRHAnt represent a promising therapeutic intervention towards diseases related to lung endothelial hyperpermeability, such as acute respiratory distress syndrome - related or not to COVID-19 - and sepsis. Targeted medicine for those potentially lethal disorders does not exist.

7.
Journal of Mens Health ; 18(12):68-76, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2232341

ABSTRACT

The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of a once weekly, online video bodyweight resistance exercise training on body mass, muscle strength, and quality of life in middle-aged men (age 40-50 years) during a 20-week coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic period. The participants were 30 healthy men, and the intervention lasted from June 2021 to September 2021. The participants were randomly assigned in two groups: an exercise group (n = 15) and a congrol group (n = 15). The exercise group participated in a 45-minute program including warm-up, resistance exercise, and recovery once per week for 20 weeks. The participants in the exercise group showed significantly reduced body mass (76.08 +/- 8.80 kg), body mass index (BMI, 25.23 +/- 2.39 kg.m(-2)), body fat mass (14.93 +/- 4.97 kg), body fat percentage (19.42 +/- 5.31%), and waist circumference (91.40 +/- 6.13 cm) and increased handgrip strength (right: 48.49 +/- 6.98 kg and left: 44.44 +/- 6.39 kg) and quality of life (total score: 25.80 +/- 2.651). Meanwhile, the control group showed increased body mass (77.06 +/- 9.04 kg) and body fat mass (19.10 +/- 4.95 kg) and decreased quality of life (total score: 24.60 +/- 3.180). The once-weekly online video bodyweight resistance exercise program could be beneficial for body mass, muscular strength, and quality of life among middle-aged men.

8.
Viruses ; 15(2)2023 02 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2233058

ABSTRACT

The full spectrum of SARS-CoV-2-infected patients has not yet been defined. This study aimed to evaluate which parameters derived from CT, inflammatory, and hormonal markers could explain the clinical variability of COVID-19. We performed a retrospective study including SARS-CoV-2-infected patients hospitalized from March 2020 to May 2021 at the Umberto I Polyclinic of Rome. Patients were divided into four groups according to the degree of respiratory failure. Routine laboratory examinations, BMI, liver steatosis indices, liver CT attenuation, ferritin, and IGF-1 serum levels were assessed and correlated with severity. Analysis of variance between groups showed that patients with worse prognoses had higher BMI and ferritin levels, but lower liver density, albumin, GH, and IGF-1. ROC analysis confirmed the prognostic accuracy of IGF-1 in discriminating between patients who experienced death/severe respiratory failure and those who did not (AUC 0.688, CI: 0.587 to 0.789, p < 0.001). A multivariate analysis considering the degrees of severity of the disease as the dependent variable and ferritin, liver density, and the standard deviation score of IGF-1 as regressors showed that all three parameters were significant predictors. Ferritin, IGF-1, and liver steatosis account for the increased risk of poor prognosis in COVID-19 patients with obesity.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Fatty Liver , Humans , COVID-19/diagnosis , Insulin-Like Growth Factor I , SARS-CoV-2 , Retrospective Studies , Fatty Liver/diagnosis , Ferritins , Obesity/complications
9.
Hormone Research in Paediatrics ; 95(Supplement 2):263, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2214148

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Treatment adherence is crucial for the success of Growth Hormone (GH) therapy. Non-adherence rates have varied over a wide range from 5% to 80% in the literature. Several factors may have an impact on treatment adherence. Besides, with the COVID-19 pandemic that affected the whole world, there were problems with the hospital admission and routine controls of the patients who used GH treatment. Objective(s): The survey's primary objective is to investigate adherence to treatment in patients with GH. The survey will also investigate potential problems in GH treatment during the pandemic. Material(s) and Method(s): The survey was sent to pediatric endocrinologists. Patient data, diagnosis, history of pituitary surgery, current GH doses, duration of GH therapy, who administers the therapy (mother and father, patient), duration of missed doses, reasons for missed doses as well as problems associated with GH therapy, and missed dose data in the recent year (after the onset of the pandemic) and causes were asked. The treatment adherence category was determined based on missed dose rates over the past month (0 to 5%, full adherence;5.1 to 10% moderate adherence;>10% non-adherence). Result(s): 427 cases from thirteen centers were evaluated. The median age of diagnosis of the cases (56.2% male) was 8.5 (0.13-16) years. GH treatment indications were isolated GH deficiency (61.4%), multiple pituitary hormone deficiency (14%), Turner syndrome (7.5%), idiopathic GH deficiency (7.5%), and SGA (2.8%), and other (6.8%). GH therapy was administered by 70% parents and 30% patients. Mean daily dose was 32.3 mcg/kg, the annual growth rate was 7.52+/-2.7 cm. GH adherence rate was good (70.3%), moderate (14.7%), and poor (15%), respectively. The reasons for non-adherence were mainly due to forgetting, being tired, inability to access medication, and pen problems. It was noteworthy that the COVID-19 pandemic had a negative effect on adherence in 22%. The problem with an appointment, taking the medication, and anxiety about going to the hospital were the main reasons. There was no difference between genders in the adherence rate. Non-adherence to GH treatment decreased statistically when the patient administered the treatment, increased age, the duration of the treatment, and COVID-19 pandemia. A non-statistical decrease was found in the annual growth rate as the skip rate increased. Conclusion(s): During the COVID-19 pandemic, poor adherence was found to be 15%, and the duration of hormone use and advanced age are important factors. The pandemic period negatively affected compliance.

10.
Hormone Research in Paediatrics ; 95(Supplement 2):265-266, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2214142

ABSTRACT

SARS-CoV- 2 pandemic induced to develop new strategies to abate the distance between patients, families and paediatricians, especially in cases of patients who need long-term therapies. Furthermore, the need to minimize the inflow of children and adolescents affected by chronic diseases into the hospitals induced paediatric endocrinologists to limit visits and to consider a new setting to assist children in treatment with growth hormone (GH). Telemedicine and smart-working could contribute to maintain a good standard of care in the follow-up of children with GH deficiency, still in treatment with GH. Patients were assisted by telephonic consultations guaranteed by the paediatricians of free choice and by the paediatric specialists. However, patients frequently needed a direct specialistic evaluation in the case of flares, abnormal laboratory parameters and adverse reactions to drugs. We enrolled 85 children (50 M;35 F);Medium age: 12.4 (4-16) years, with GH deficiency, in treatment with GH. A questionnaire were proposed to their parents, with questions about the assistance and problems linked to the disease. The questionnaire highlighted many points: - the central role of the follow-up by the paediatricians of free choice;- the useful digital support strategies (pc, smart phone app, tele consult, etc);- the worsening of dietary intake and increased caloric intake, associated with a decreased regular physical activity. These life style increased BMI in most patients. - the important role of the paediatric endocrinologist consults in important decisions as vaccinations. The new scenario induced paediatric endocrinologists to create new strategies to support patients with special needs, as GHD children and adolescents. However, these strategies can be maintained even beyond the end of the pandemic, as a good assistance practice.

11.
Endocr J ; 69(11): 1335-1342, 2022 Nov 28.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2140769

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is associated with endocrine disorders, but their long-term clinical course remains unclear. We here report the 15-month clinical course for an individual with multiple endocrine disorders of the pituitary gland and testis likely triggered by COVID-19. A 65-year-old man with no history of endocrinopathy was admitted for acute COVID-19 pneumonia. Although his respiratory condition improved after administration of antiviral drugs, his blood pressure dropped suddenly to a preshock level and was refractory to vasopressors. The circulating adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and cortisol concentrations were low, and secondary adrenal insufficiency was suspected. Administration of hydrocortisone rapidly ameliorated the hypotension, and the patient was discharged taking 15 mg of hydrocortisone daily. An insulin tolerance test performed 3 months later revealed impaired ACTH, cortisol, and growth hormone (GH) responses, indicative of combined hypopituitarism. The patient also manifested symptoms of hypogonadism, and a hormonal workup suggested primary hypogonadism. At 12 months after discharge, GH and ACTH responses had recovered completely and partially, respectively. After another 3 months, basal ACTH and cortisol levels had been restored to the normal range and the patient discontinued hydrocortisone replacement without exacerbation of symptoms, although his hypogonadism persisted. The patient thus developed transient GH and ACTH deficiency that lasted for more than a year as well as persistent primary hypogonadism during intensive care for COVID-19. Certain prolonged symptoms of COVID-19 might be accounted for by such hormonal disturbance.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 Drug Treatment , COVID-19 , Human Growth Hormone , Hypogonadism , Male , Humans , Aged , Adrenocorticotropic Hormone , Growth Hormone , Hydrocortisone/therapeutic use , COVID-19/complications , Human Growth Hormone/therapeutic use , Testosterone
12.
Children (Basel) ; 9(12)2022 Nov 28.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2142573

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 is a worldwide pandemic caused by SARS-CoV-2, to which adults are usually more susceptible than children. Growth hormone (GH) levels differ between children and adults and decrease with age. There is bidirectional crosstalk between the GH/insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) pathway and the immune system that plays a significant role in SARS-CoV-2 infection. We evaluated the association between somatotropin treatment (GH replacement therapy) and the risk for SARS-CoV-2 positivity (a marker for COVID-19 infection) in children with growth hormone issues (GHI): growth hormone deficiency (GHD) and idiopathic short stature (ISS). A population-based cross-sectional study in Leumit Health Services (LHS) was performed using the electronic health record (EHR) database. The rates of SARS-CoV-2 positivity were evaluated among children with GHI, treated or untreated with somatotropin. Higher rates of SARS-CoV-2 positivity were found in GHI children, influenced by the same confounders reported in the pediatric population. A lower prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 PCR positivity was found among the somatotropin-treated children. A multivariate analysis documented that somatotropin treatment was associated with a reduced risk of SARS-CoV-2 positivity (Odds Ratio (OR) = 0.47, Confidence Interval (CI) 0.24-0.94, p = 0.032). Thus, somatotropin might be a protective factor against SARS-CoV-2 infections, possibly related to its immunomodulatory activity.

13.
North Clin Istanb ; 9(5): 470-475, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2124112

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) disease can cause asymptomatic and mild flu-like symptoms as well as severe symptoms ranging from respiratory failure and death. Growth hormone (GH) is produced in the anterior pituitary and plays an important role in the immune system. COVID-19 is severe in the elderly, men, obese, diabetics, and people with immune deficiency. The probability of GH deficiency is high in these patient groups. In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between the severity of COVID-19 infection and GH level. METHODS: A total of 456 patients, between 45 and 80-years-old, who were hospitalized with the diagnosis of COVID-19 disease were evaluated in the study. Our study was a retrospective study. Demographic data of the patients, GH, insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-1), and biochemical parameters and thorax tomography results were evaluated. Patients with chronic diseases that would affect GH levels and those in need of intensive care were excluded from the study. RESULTS: 456 patients were included in the study, 168 female, 288 male, mean age 67.57±12.60 years. Patients were divided into two groups according to thorax tomography findings, patients with lung involvement in Group-1:352 (77%) and those without pulmonary involvement in Group-2:104 (23%). While the GH of Group-1 was 0.125 ng/ml, the GH of Group-2 was 0.238 ng/ml, the difference between them was statistically significant (p=0.000). IGF-1 in Group-1 was: 55.05 ng/ml, while IGF-1 in Group-2 was: 104.08 ng/ml, the difference between them was statistically significant (p=0.000). In multivariate regression analysis, low IGF-1 (p=<0,01, OR:1,06 [1028-1093]) level was found to be significantly effective in lung involvement in COVID-19 disease. CONCLUSION: In our study, we found GH and IGF-1 deficiency in COVID-19 cases with lung involvement, regardless of age and gender. We can say that COVID-19 infection progresses worse in GH and IGF-1 deficiency.

14.
Endocr J ; 69(10): 1173-1181, 2022 Oct 28.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2098816

ABSTRACT

Symptoms of long COVID are complex and long-lasting, and endocrine dysfunction might be involved in the underlying mechanisms. In this study, to clarify the hormonal characteristics of long COVID patients, laboratory data for patients who visited the outpatient clinic for long COVID were evaluated. A retrospective analysis was performed for patients who visited Okayama University Hospital during the period from Feb 2021 to Dec 2021 with focus on the interrelationships between major symptoms and endocrine data. Information and laboratory data were obtained from medical records for 186 patients. The patients had various symptoms, and the most frequent symptoms were general malaise, dysosmia/dysgeusia, hair loss, headache, dyspnea, and sleeplessness. Patients who were suffering from fatigue and dysosmia/dysgeusia were younger, while hair loss was more frequent in older and female patients. As for the characteristics of patients suffering from general fatigue, the scores of depression and fatigue were positively correlated with serum levels of cortisol and free thyroxin (FT4), respectively. Also, patients suffering from general fatigue had lower levels of serum growth hormone and higher levels of serum FT4, while patients with dysosmia/dysgeusia had a significantly lower level of serum cortisol. Serum thyrotropin (TSH) levels were higher and the ratios of FT4/TSH were lower in the initially severe cases, suggesting occult hypothyroidism. In addition, the ratios of plasma adrenocorticotropin to serum cortisol were decreased in patients with relatively high titers of serum SARS-CoV-2 antibody. Thus, hormonal changes seem to be, at least in part, involved in the persistent symptoms of long COVID.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Olfaction Disorders , Humans , Female , Aged , Thyrotropin , Hydrocortisone , Retrospective Studies , Dysgeusia , SARS-CoV-2 , Alopecia , Fatigue/epidemiology , Fatigue/etiology , Thyroxine , Post-Acute COVID-19 Syndrome
15.
Therapeutic Delivery ; 13(5):275-281, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2066908

ABSTRACT

This industry update covers the period from January 1 through January 31, 2022, and is based on information sourced from company press releases, scientific literature, patents and news websites. January 2022 saw Janssen and Midatech expand their collaboration on bioresorbable polymer microsphere technology for drug delivery. Takeda announced its plans to acquire UK-based Adaptate Biotherapeutics and Gandeeva raised further investment funds to support its drug discovery and development platform focused on the evaluation of protein-drug interactions. Biogen announced that it will sell its stake in a biosimilars joint venture and ABL Bio and Sanofi announced a collaboration around a novel treatment for Parkinson's disease. New regulatory announcements this month included US FDA approvals of a new insomnia treatment for Idorsia and a treatment for atopic dermatitis developed by Pfizer. Insulet gained FDA clearance for a closed-loop insulin pump and Ascendis Pharma followed up its United States approval last year for a once-weekly treatment for growth hormone deficiency with European approval. Pfizer and Ionis announced the discontinuation of the clinical development of a novel cardiovascular drug. In terms of collaborations, Novartis and Alnylam announced they will work together to explore targeted therapies to restore liver function;Scorpion Therapeutics partnered with AstraZeneca to develop novel cancer treatments and Nutriband Inc. and Kindeva Drug Delivery will work together to develop a transdermal fentanyl patch. Collaborations were also announced between Century Therapeutics and Bristol Myers Squibb and Lilly and Entos Pharmaceuticals in the areas of stem cell therapies for cancer treatment and neurology, respectively. A team from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology reported progress in developing oral mRNA treatments and West Pharmaceutical Services published a blog describing the development of a proof-of-principle system for a closed-loop feedback system targeting opioid overdose. A report on the BBC website highlighted the benefits of more sustainable inhalers.

16.
BMC Mol Cell Biol ; 23(1): 42, 2022 Sep 29.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2053858

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 is a disease caused by SARS-CoV-2, which can cause mild to serious infections in humans. We aimed to explore the effect of growth hormone (GH)/estrogen/androgen in normal human lung epithelial BEAS-2B cells on COVID-19-type proinflammatory responses. METHODS: A BEAS-2B COVID-19-like proinflammatory cell model was constructed. After that, the cells were treated with GH, 17ß-estradiol (E2), and testosterone (Tes) for 24 h. CCK-8 assays were utilized to evaluate cell viability. The mRNA expression of ACE2, AGTR1, TMRRSS2, and ISG15 and the protein expression of ACE2, AGTR1, TMRRSS2, and ISG15 were measured by qRT‒PCR and Western blotting, respectively. ELISAs were performed to determine IL-6, MCP-1, MDA and SOD expression. Flow cytometry was used to measure ROS levels. Finally, MAPK/NF-κB pathway-related factor expression was evaluated. RESULTS: The COVID-19-type proinflammatory model was successfully constructed, and 1000 ng/mL RBD treatment for 24 h was selected as the condition for the model group for subsequent experiments. After RBD treatment, cell viability decreased, the mRNA expression of ACE2, AGTR1, TMRRSS2, and ISG15 and the protein expression of ACE2, AGTR1, TMRRSS2, and ISG15 increased, IL-6, MCP-1, MDA and ROS levels increased, and MDA levels decreased. The mRNA levels of MAPK14 and RELA increased, but the protein levels did not change significantly. In addition, phospho-MAPK14 and phospho-RELA protein levels were also increased. Among the tested molecules, E2 had the most pronounced effect, followed by GH, while Tes showed the opposite effect. CONCLUSION: GH/E2 alleviated inflammation in a COVID-19-type proinflammatory model, but Tes showed the opposite effect.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 Drug Treatment , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 14 , Androgens , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2 , Estradiol/pharmacology , Estrogens , Growth Hormone , Humans , Interleukin-6 , Lung , NF-kappa B , Reactive Oxygen Species , SARS-CoV-2 , Sincalide , Superoxide Dismutase , Testosterone
17.
The Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine ; 95(2):301, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2044734

ABSTRACT

Appendix A Glossary COVID-19 Coronavirus Disease 2019 SARS-CoV-2 severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 PRISMA Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses BCG bacillus Calmette-Guérin HAV Hepatitis A OSA obstructive sleep apnea Th T helper CER cardiorespiratory event rate HCWs healthcare workers Nab neutralizing antibody Tfh follicular helper T ASC antibody-secreting cells Ab Antibody HI hemagglutination inhibition PSQI Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index PBMCs Peripheral blood mononuclear cells TNF-α tumor necrosis factor α IL-1β interleukin 1β IFN-γ Interferon gamma Nabs neutralizing antibodies ASCs antibody-secreting cells GH Growth hormone Zhu, N;Zhang, D;Wang, W;Li, X;Yang, B;Song, J;et al.China Novel Coronavirus Investigating and Research Team.A novel coronavirus from patients with pneumonia in China, 2019.. Cell Res. .2021.Nov;;31((11):):1215–7.10.1038/s41422-021-00541-61748-783834341489 Wang, W;Balfe, P;Eyre, DW;Lumley, SF;O’Donnell, D;Warren, F;et al.Time of Day of Vaccination Affects SARS-CoV-2 Antibody Responses in an Observational Study of Health Care Workers.. Occup Environ Med. .2020.Dec;;78((5):):307–14.10.1136/oemed-2020-1067311470-792633298533 Rizza, S;Coppeta, L;Grelli, S;Ferrazza, G;Chiocchi, M;Vanni, G;et al.High body mass index and night shift work are associated with COVID-19 in health care workers.. J Endocrinol Invest. .2021.May;;44((5):):1097–101.10.1007/s40618-020-01397-01720-838632852704 Garbarino, S;Lanteri, P;Bragazzi, NL;Magnavita, N;Scoditti, E.Role of sleep deprivation in immune-related disease risk and outcomes..

18.
Cureus ; 14(8): e27920, 2022 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2040382

ABSTRACT

Adult growth hormone (GH) deficiency is rare and requires replacement with extrinsic/synthetic injection. GH hypersensitivity has been reported; specifically, atopic patients may develop rashes from somatotropin therapy. Allergic and non-allergic skin reactions to recombinant human GH are uncommon and infrequently reported. We describe a graded-dose challenge with intravenous Norditropin® in a 65-year-old atopic adult woman who developed a severe whole-body rash with Norditropin FlexPro® administration on several occasions but was negative on skin-prick testing to Norditropin® percutaneously and intradermally, but the patch testing was positive for gold and nickel. The patient was registered as a direct admission to the emergency room at a university hospital for a rapid antigen coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) testing after having received two COVID-19 vaccinations and re-testing four months after vaccination. She was then directly admitted to a non-COVID-19 intensive care unit with direct bedside supervision by a registered nurse and a physician board certified in internal medicine, allergy/immunology, and pulmonary diseases. The patient brought a Norditropin® pen which our pharmacy team attached to a compatible syringe for dilutions. A graded dose challenge at a final dosage of 0.1 mL was performed and the patient was monitored for allergic and other adverse drug reactions, which did not occur. At the time of writing this case report, the patient has been maintained on Norditropin FlexPro® 0.1 mL and has not experienced any adverse reactions, including recurrent skin eruptions. The case presented is the first to describe a patient who successfully tolerated a graded dose challenge of an adult patient to GH replacement therapy (as Norditropin®) under supervision in an intensive care unit, whereas prior to reporting of this case, a graded dose challenge to GH replacement therapy had only been successfully performed in a child using another formulation of somatotropin (Humatrope®). Hence, this case lends support that graded dose challenge with somatotropin analogs may be considered for patients with isolated GH deficiency such as in the case presented here.

19.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 989404, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2022684

ABSTRACT

Health disparities are a significant cause of concern globally and in the United States. Disparities have been additionally highlighted throughout the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic during which populations of color have been the most affected by the disease. Social determinants of health, race, ethnicity, and gender have all contributed to disparate outcomes and disparities spanning all age groups. Multiple socio-ecological factors contribute to disparities and different strategies have been proposed. The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of disparities in pediatric treatment and outcomes, with a focus on children with endocrine disorders.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pandemics , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/therapy , Child , Ethnicity , Growth Hormone , Humans , United States/epidemiology
20.
Drug Development and Delivery ; 22(4):18-23, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2012508
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