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2.
Glob Health Promot ; : 17579759221099308, 2022 Jun 22.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2171236

ABSTRACT

University students globally are reportedly living unhealthy lifestyles, challenging universities to develop physical activity (PA) and health promotion (HP) intervention strategies. The current study aimed to review global universities' physical activity and health promotion activities to inform the PA and HP guidelines for Eswatini university students in the Sub-Saharan region. An electronic search was performed for review articles published between 1996 and 2021, using Cochrane, Google Scholar, PubMed Central, Scopus, and Medline Web of Science databases. The documents reviewed showed that some global universities under investigation follow the health promoting university (HPU) concept influenced by the Ottawa charter (1986). The review articles further showed that implementing the healthy university concept differs due to cultural and contextual differences from one institution to another. The reviews showed the main item areas as smoking control/alcohol and drug abuse, mental health, sexual health, physical activities, healthy eating habits/diet categorized under health promotion. The main PA activities were pedometer activity tracking, measurement of PA using validated questionnaires, sports, games, among other intervention activities. The HPU concept is thus a good starting point that can be promoted and spread to all other universities globally with different charters' guidance, including the Ottawa charter and the Okanagan charter.

3.
European Journal of Molecular and Clinical Medicine ; 10(1):2287-2296, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2167575

ABSTRACT

Aim: To reiterate the extent of problem of Monkey pox in our country and to acknowledge the problem and to implement the preventive measures as suggested by the Indian government (ICMR guidelines) by Health care professionals as well as Indian public. Objective(s): Monkey pox is a zoonotic infection caused by a virus that belongs to DNA family Poxviridae. Recently there has been upsurge in the number of monkey pox cases in our country. This has led to increase in the awareness programs in our country by WHO as well as Indian Government. Especially with strict implementation of preventive measures this viral disease can be easily preventable as happened recently with smallpox virus which belongs to same family. This review of literature is made simple for the awareness of the preventive measures suggested by WHO for health care professionals as well as general public. This DNA virus shows mutations less frequently compared to COVID -19 which has recently caused devastating Pandemic all over the world. An account on life cycle and pathogenesis is useful for further research in directing the different therapeutic modalities against the disease. Standard ICMR guidelines needed to be followed for laboratory diagnosis, treatment and prophylaxis of the suspected cases. Proper transportation of the appropriate specimens like nasopharyngeal swabs, skin lesion materials to apex laboratories through IDSP portal, in triple packing especially need proper guidelines suggested by WHO. This review can give overview on all the aforementioned aspects. Conclusion(s): Monkey pox in our country is still less prevalent compared to western Africa. Proper awareness on laboratory diagnosis, treatment and preventive measures can almost all make it less significant disease in our country. Copyright © 2023 Ubiquity Press. All rights reserved.

4.
Handbook for scaling irrigation systems 2022 8 pp 31 ref ; 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2167283

ABSTRACT

The demand for more efficient use of land and water resources to enable farmers to produce food using climate-resilient processes continues to grow in the face of a growing global population and the impacts of climate change and other shocks such as Coronavirus (COVID-19). Although irrigation has been widely promoted as important for productivity and resilience, it has not been sufficiently expanded. Large, well-established irrigation projects developed by public institutions and select private sector projects play an important role in providing access to irrigation, but they are insufficient to meet need. In parallel, farmers have been developing effective small-scale irrigation (SSI) options that include a range of technologies, financing methods, and operating models. International Finance Corporation (IFC) and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) are global organizations focused on promoting resilient agriculture and food system transformation. This handbook takes a practical approach in guiding its target readers, which comprise policy makers, governments and government agencies, private sector actors, and development institution partners, on how to deliver effective design and operation strategies, combined with financing models, to implement and sustainably expand use of irrigation.

5.
Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology ; 15(12):5700-5706, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2207048

ABSTRACT

Favipiravir is an anti-viral agent used for the treatment of a large number of RNA viruses including influenza and was considered for the treatment of COVID-19. A new stability indicating RP-HPLC has been developed for the estimation of Favipiravir and the method was validated. Hypersil BDS C18 column was used for the chromatographic study with a flow rate 1ml/min (Detection wavelength 230nm). The LOD and LOQ were found to be 0.2918mug/mL and 0.9207mug/mL respectively. Linearity was observed over the concentration 1-300mug/mL with linear regression equation, y = 28444x + 21853 (R2 = 09998) and the method is precise, accurate and robust. Stress degradation studies were performed and the method was found to be selective and specific. Copyright © RJPT All right reserved u.

6.
Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology ; 28(2):144-161, 2022.
Article in English, Persian | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2205936

ABSTRACT

Objectives Sex addiction is one type of behavioral addiction that is characterized by extreme fantasies and hard-to-control sexual behaviors. This disorder causes problems in the lives of affected people and their victims. The treatment is non-pharmacological and psychological, which are time-consuming and expensive. Short-term interventions are one of the ways to help these people. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of short-term clinical guidelines to treat sexual addiction disorder in affected individuals. Methods This was a randomized clinical trial study with pre-test-post-test and follow-up. The studied population in this research included all people with sexual addiction disorder who live in Isfahan City, Iran. The statistical population was those who had the chance to be included in the study. These were individuals who were referred to outpatient and residential drug abuse treatment centers, psychiatric treatment centers, and sexual disorders treatment clinics. Using the balance block randomization method, 30 male subjects who were diagnosed with sex addiction disorder based on the cut-off point of the hypersexual behavior inventory (HBI) with a score of 53 and above were randomly divided into 2 intervention and comparison groups. The intervention group received ten 120-min therapy sessions held weekly. Because of the coronavirus pandemic, the treatment sessions had to be held virtually (Skype). The comparison group was put on hold so that they could benefit from the treatment if the guide was effective. Both groups completed the HBI three times. The first time was immediately before the treat-ment, the second time immediately after the intervention, and the third time 3 months later in the follow-up phase. The results were analyzed via repeated measures analysis of variance (RM-ANOVA) in the SPSS software, v. 22. Results In the present study, there were 30 patients with a sexual addiction disorder, of which 15 were in the intervention group and 15 were in the comparison group (the Mean age of the participants was 26.4 years). The Mean scores of HBI in the intervention group in the pretest, post-test, and follow-up stages were 67, 49, and 57, respectively, while the mean scores of HBI in the comparison group were 64, 60, and 59 for the pretest, post-test, and the follow-up, respectively. Repeated measurement findings showed that this clinical guideline is effective in reducing participants' sexual addiction symptoms (P<0.01). Conclusion Clinical guideline for short-term treatment of sexual addiction disorder is effective in reducing the symptoms of sexual addiction disorder. Using this method, which can be held online, and considering its short time and reduced cost of treatment, allows more people to benefit from it. © 2022, Iran University of Medical Sciences. All rights reserved.

7.
Journal of Global Health Reports ; 6(e2022031), 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-2205654

ABSTRACT

Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has greatly impacted China, especially the emergency services since 2020. For many, it raises unique ethical dilemmas, including psychological, moral, social, and economic issues, especially among frontline health workers.

8.
Infectio ; 24(3):1-2, 2020.
Article in Spanish | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2205093

ABSTRACT

The "Asociacion Colombiana de Infectologia" (ACIN) and the "Instituto de Evaluacion de Nuevas Tecnologias de la Salud" (IETS) created a task force to develop recommendations for Covid 19 health care diagnosis, management and treatment informed, and based, on evidence. Theses reccomendations are addressed to the health personnel on the Colombian context of health services. Copyright © 2020 Asociacion Colombiana de Infectologia. All rights reserved.

9.
Kemas ; 18(2):156-163, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2204079

ABSTRACT

Muhammadiyah, being one of the religious-based organizations, has its affiliated members comprising 14,9% of the general Indonesian population. The Muhammadiyah Central Board declared an ad-hoc group called the Muhammadiyah COVID-19 Command Centre (MCCC) to combat COVID-19. Among the used media were the third COVID-19 guidelines publications by the MCCC. This study aimed to determine the Muhammadiyah members' understanding of the COVID-19 Revision III Guidelines based on their consistency, clarity, relevance, credibility, and interest. This research was a descriptive qualitative type of study. The eleven informants who participated in this study, determined by purposive sampling, were Muhammadiyah members who lived and worked in the Jakarta. These Informants consisted of various professions, including health workers, teachers, district board members, nurses, drivers, traders, house-wives, and students. Data collection was by online focus group discussions through the zoom cloud meetings platform. Informants discussed the five aspects of the guideline which included consistency, clarity, relevancy, credibility and interest. The contents of the guideline were found to be consistent with other similar guidelines published by the Ministry of Health (MOH). In addition, being affiliated members of the Muhammadi-yah group, informants felt more comfortable trusting the Muhammadiyah-published COVID-19 guidelines. From the clarity and relevance aspect, the informants had positive perspectives on the guidelines. The design of the published guidelines attracted their interest in reading, implementing, and sharing the guidelines with others. However, the guideline did not contain the names of its drafting team nor the introduction by the Central Board leadership. It would have been a very important strategy in strengthening the credibility of the media published by the MCCC. The MCCC needed more enticing plans and methods in the dissemination of its online or printed media to the population. For online media, the published number of pages should be fixed to a less readable number. © 2022, Universitas Negeri Semarang. All rights reserved.

10.
Respiratory Care ; 68(1):114-128, 2023.
Article in English | CINAHL | ID: covidwho-2202181

ABSTRACT

Asthma is a common chronic disease that affects both adults and children, and that continues to have a high economic burden. Asthma management guidelines were first developed nearly 30 years ago to standardize care, maintain asthma control, improve quality of life, maintain normal lung function, prevent exacerbations, and prevent asthma mortality. The two most common asthma guidelines used today were developed by the National Asthma Education and Prevention Program (NAEPP) Expert Panel Working Group and the Global Initiative for Asthma Science Committee. Both guiding documents use scientific methodology to standardize their approach for formulating recommendations based on pertinent literature. Before the 2020 National Asthma Education and Prevention Program (Expert Panel Report 4), nothing had been released since the 2007 guidelines, whereas the Global Initiative for Asthma publishes updates annually. Although each of these asthma strategies is similar, there are some noted differences. Over the years, the focus of asthma treatment has shifted from acute to chronic management. Frontline respiratory therapists and other health-care providers should have a good understanding of these 2 guiding references and how they can impact acute and chronic asthma management. The primary focus of this narrative is to look at the similarities and differences of these 2 guiding documents as they pertain to the 6 key questions identified by the Expert Panel of the National Asthma Education and Prevention Program.

11.
Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology ; 12, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2198712

ABSTRACT

IntroductionPatients with myasthenia gravis (MG) are prone to the development of pneumonia due to the long-term immunotherapies they receive and a tendency for aspiration. Pneumonia remains a risk factor for MG worsening and is the most prevalent cause of mortality in MG patients. Classification of the pathogens involved and exploration of the risk factors for mechanical ventilation (MV) could aid in improving clinical outcomes. MethodsBetween January 2013 and October 2022, we performed an inpatient database review for MG patients with pneumonia concurrence in a tertiary research center specializing in neuromuscular disorders. The clinical and microbiological characteristics of 116 MG patients with pneumonia were retrospectively analyzed. ResultsIn our cohort, 90.32% (112/124) of organisms were bacteria and 42.86% (48/112) of pathogenic bacteria were carbapenem-resistant. A high abundance of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) was detected using next-generation sequencing (NGS) in 12 patients, while cytomegalovirus (CMV) was detected in 8 patients. Non-fermentative Gram-negative bacilli were the most prevalent microorganisms, in which ampicillin, sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim (SMZ-TMP), piperacillin, cefoperazone, ceftazidime, and cefepime may have an anti-infectious effect. Moreover, peripheral lymphocyte percentage [odds ratio (OR) 0.88, 95% CI 0.75-0.96, p = 0.02] and serum globulin (OR 1.16, 95% CI 1.02-1.35, p = 0.03) were significantly associated with the risk of MV demand. DiscussionOur identification of the microbial etiology of pneumonia in MG patients may provide future perspectives on accurate antibiotic options and enable early interventions when risk factors are present.

12.
Current Respiratory Medicine Reviews ; 18(4):247-258, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2197747

ABSTRACT

In India, asthma is a prevalent respiratory condition marked by frequent blowouts and a distinctive spread pattern. Respiratory diseases are the main cause of death globally. In India, asthma is more common, particularly in the North Indian states of Delhi and Uttar Pradesh. Our primary objective in this review is to study asthma medication therapy and its associated complications. The epidemiology, etiology, pathophysiology, mechanism of airway inflammation, classification, and diagnosis of asthma are all illustrated in the current work. Additionally, we have gathered state-by-state information on asthma for the last five years in Northern India. Asthma diagnosis and management are also discussed in accordance with the guidelines of many agencies, including NICE, BTS, SIGN, and WHO. Copyright © 2022 Bentham Science Publishers.

13.
BMC Public Health ; 22:1-12, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2196152

ABSTRACT

Background Colonially imposed jurisdictional boundaries that have little meaning to Indigenous peoples in Canada may confound tuberculosis (TB) prevention and care activities. This study explores how inter-jurisdictional mobility and the current accommodation of mobility through policies and programming sustain a regional TB epidemic in northwestern Saskatchewan, and northeastern Alberta. Methods A qualitative instrumental case study was performed using a community based participatory approach. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with First Nations peoples from a high-incidence community in Canada including community-based healthcare workers. These interview data are presented in the context of a multi-level document analysis of TB program guidelines. Results The location of the community, and related lack of access to employment, services and care, necessitates mobility across jurisdictional boundaries. There are currently no formal federal or provincial guidelines in place to accommodate highly mobile patients and clients within and across provincial TB prevention and care programs. As a result, locally developed community-based protocols, and related ad-hoc strategies ensure continuity of care. Conclusion Indigenous peoples living in remote communities face unique push/pull factors that motivate mobility. When these motivations exist in communities with increased risk of contagion by communicable infectious diseases such as TB, public health risks extend into increasingly large areas with competing jurisdictional authority. Such mobility poses several threats to TB elimination. We have identified a gap in TB services to systematically accommodate mobility, with specific implications for Indigenous peoples and reconciliation. We recommend clearly defined communication paths and inter-jurisdictional coordination to ensure maintenance of care for mobile populations.

14.
Journal of Special Education Technology ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2194844

ABSTRACT

We report results of a national survey of secondary teachers who teach special education and/or English language arts in the United States. A total of 50 teachers from 27 different states completed the survey. In the survey, we asked teachers about their experience delivering distance and in-person instruction during the COVID-19 pandemic. We specifically focused on three broad areas: writing assignments, writing instructional practices, and adaptations used to support students with disabilities. We also collected information about teacher characteristics, technology use, and teacher attitudes and self-efficacy about writing. On average, teachers reported receiving minimal preparation to teach writing via distance or in-person instruction. When compared to in-person instruction, teachers reported using fewer writing assignments, evidence-based writing practices, and adaptations for students with disabilities during distance learning. We provide implications for teacher professional development and detail limitations related to sample size and response rate © The Author(s) 2022.

15.
Data Intelligence ; 4(4):673-697, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2194422

ABSTRACT

The incompleteness of patient health data is a threat to the management of COVID-19 in Africa and globally. This has become particularly clear with the recent emergence of new variants of concern. The Virus Outbreak Data Network (VODAN)-Africa has studied the curation of patient health data in selected African countries and identified that health information flows often do not involve the use of health data at the point of care, which renders data production largely meaningless to those producing it. This modus operandi leads to disfranchisement over the control of health data, which is extracted to be processed elsewhere. In response to this problem, VODAN-Africa studied whether or not a design that makes local ownership and repositing of data central to the data curation process, would have a greater chance of being adopted. The design team based their work on the legal requirements of the European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR);the FAIR Guidelines on curating data as Findable, Accessible (under well-defined conditions), Interoperable and Reusable (FAIR);and national regulations applying in the context where the data is produced. The study concluded that the visiting of data curated as machine actionable and reposited in the locale where the data is produced and renders services has great potential for access to a wider variety of data. A condition of such innovation is that the innovation team is intradisciplinary, involving stakeholders and experts from all of the places where the innovation is designed, and employs a methodology of co-creation and capacity-building. © 2022 Chinese Academy of Sciences. Published under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) license.

16.
Pediatric Diabetes ; 23(8):1157-1159, 2022.
Article in English | CINAHL | ID: covidwho-2193160

ABSTRACT

The article presents the discussion on ISPAD 2022 clinical practice consensus guidelines being developed and completed during unprecedented times. Topics include impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on people with diabetes and the families, diabetes professionals and care teams, own families, health systems throughout the world;and highlighting the role of technology with adoption of a unified fingerstick blood glucose level (BGL) target.

17.
International Journal of Emerging Markets ; 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2191434

ABSTRACT

PurposeThe study aims to identify the extent to which industry 4.0 (IR4.0) adoption impacts the sustainable manufacturing (SM) performance of the manufacturing industry, focusing on the comparative analysis between developed and developing economies amid coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic.Design/methodology/approachThe study proposes a conceptual model formed on seminal theories and literature using the cross-sectional design. For data collection, a purposive sampling method is used where 154 Malaysian (developing) and Australian (developed) manufacturing firms' data were collected. Partial least square-based structural equation modeling is employed to test the hypothesis and proposed research model.FindingsThis study finds that adoption of IR4.0 technologies does not directly influence the sustainability performance of the manufacturing industry, but rather the trajectories of SM (efficiency, flexibility, automation and big data and granularity) fully mediate the relationship between IR4.0 adoption and sustainability manufacturing performance. The comparative analysis between Australia and Malaysia shows no significant difference in the relationships or the framework;hence, the differences between developed and developing countries are not significant in this mechanism.Originality/valueThe study contributes to the insights of the managers regarding COVID-19 and the implementation of IR4.0 in the SM domain. The policymakers would further get better insights since the study pays attention to sustainable development goal, industry, innovation, infrastructure and responsible production.

18.
Built Environment Project and Asset Management ; 13(1):20-35, 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2191299

ABSTRACT

Purpose>According to the construction literature, the number of projects applying integrated project delivery (IPD) principles is expected to increase in the new-normal era. However, given that the pandemic is not yet fully over, accurate and measurable data are not yet available. Also, there is a lack of empirical studies that could provide guidelines as to the application of IPD principles at the various stages of construction projects. Thus, the goal of this paper is to address this knowledge gap through case studies.Design/methodology/approach>This paper follows a multi-step research methodology, namely, a literature review, case study and focus group discussions in the context of Canadian construction projects.Findings>Based on the conducted literature review and focus group discussions, the authors identified: (1) new challenges in the various stages of the construction projects' life cycle, (2) their related proximity aspects (technological, organizational, geographical and cognitive) and (3) IPD principles that can address the identified challenges within their associated proximities. The results show that IPD relational principles can improve a project's organizational and cognitive proximities, while IPD digital integrative principles can enhance a project's geographical and technological proximities.Originality/value>This study contributes to the theoretical checklists of challenges that the construction industry has experienced since the beginning of the pandemic, and to the practical guidelines of implementation of IPD principles to meet these challenges. The conducted case studies are timely and relevant, and their results provide new insights for key project stakeholders into the application of IPD to tackle new-normal challenges based on their proximity perspectives.

19.
IOP Conference Series Earth and Environmental Science ; 1117(1):012051, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2188010

ABSTRACT

Community health centers are the frontliners of healthcare services which in its activities produces medical waste and non-medical waste both in solid and liquid form. This waste needs to be managed in accordance with existing regulations where environmental management must be carried out systematically and sustainably. Regarding the management of Covid-19 medical waste in the health facilities of North Toraja Regency, this study aims to determine the management process, management constraints and compare the management of wastewater and hazardous and toxic solid medical waste generated from handling Covid-19 patients at hospitals and health centers in Toraja Regency. North. The research method used is descriptive research method with case study design. Data collection techniques are carried out by observations, interviews, and documentation of secondary data. The results show that the management of hazardous and toxic solid medical waste water and waste for Covid-19 patients in private hospitals leaves the processing to third parties and government hospitals destroy solid hazardous medical waste with incinerators, while at community health center the wastewater is directly discharged into water bodies and medical hazardous waste. handed over to a third party. The process of treating waste water and hazardous and toxic solid medical waste for Covid-19 patients at the health facilities of North Toraja Regency has not been in accordance with the guidelines issued by the Indonesian Ministry of Health. The main obstacle in processing solid medical waste water and hazardous waste for Covid-19 patients at the health facilities of North Toraja Regency is the lacking of operational costs and delays in disbursing operational costs. Government-owned hospitals were found to be slow to comply the Covid-19 Health Facilities Waste Management Guidelines issued by the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia.

20.
International Journal of Logistics Research and Applications ; : 1-24, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2187412

ABSTRACT

The omni-channel (OC) approach improves efficiency under normal conditions and fosters resilience when a crisis hits, e.g. COVID-19. We adopt the sequential mixed methods research to conduct a two-stage investigation to explore how OC retailers achieve supply chain resilience (SCR). In stage 1, three key capabilities of OC retailers to foster SCR are identified qualitatively, i.e. collaboration, flexibility, and redundancy, as well as the conceptual model is developed based on the dynamic capabilities view. In stage 2, the roles of key capabilities in fostering SCR in three phases, i.e. preparedness, responsiveness, and recovery, is quantitatively examined, by using partial least squares structural equation modelling to test the hypotheses based on a sample of 225 Chinese OC retailers. The findings indicate that flexibility and redundancy are more significant for responsiveness, whilst collaboration is more crucial for recovery, offering valuable insights for supporting retailers in OC transformation and in setting a capabilities portfolio to withstand supply chain disruptions.

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