Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 168
Filter
1.
Sage Open ; 12(2):11, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1822149

ABSTRACT

COVID-19, which has become a worldwide pandemic, prompted various healthcare organizations to take measures to stop or slow its spread. These measures require behavioral change. According to the health belief model, knowledge and awareness are needed to establish an assessment of threat and determine whether a behavior will be changed. Since the situation is related to a viral infection, it is expected that people with health backgrounds will have more knowledge and awareness about COVID-19. This study aims to compare the levels of COVID-19 knowledge and awareness of faculty, staff, and students in health sciences and non-health sciences disciplines at an all-female college in Dubai. This will help anticipate the risk for individuals, and predict compliance with regulations. A cross-sectional study was conducted using a self-administered online questionnaire. The results were analyzed using chi-square or Fisher's exact test. Participants' knowledge and awareness regarding contagiousness, transmission, incubation period, recovery and mortality rate, susceptibility of elderly people, and the stay-at-home policy were generally high, regardless of their background. This high level of knowledge could be attributed to the rapid dissemination of information through social media. Participants from the health sciences were significantly more knowledgeable about certain preventive measures, the causative pathogen, and its transmission through animals (p < .05). Overall, there was a high level of knowledge and awareness among the participants, regardless of their background, yet there are some areas that needs enhancement. Assessing knowledge and awareness is important for ensuring that people understand and change their behavior to mitigate its spread.

2.
BMC Public Health ; 22(1):854, 2022.
Article in English | PubMed | ID: covidwho-1817206

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy or refusal has actually been a threat to global health. In the current situation, health professions students are at risk for SARS-CoV-2 infection during their internship at healthcare facilities. Furthermore, those future healthcare workers will advise people to accept the COVID-19 vaccination. Therefore, the attitude of students towards vaccine acceptance and the predicting factors needs to be elucidated. This study applied the Health Belief Model to determine predictors of COVID-19 vaccine acceptability among health professions students. METHODS: Nine hundred eleven students participated in a cross-sectional online survey in Vietnam. Data were collected from 1st April to 30th June 2021. Data analysis was performed using SPSS software version 20.0 with Chi-square and Kruskal-Wallis tests before executing multinomial logistic regression to identify predictors of the COVID-19 vaccine acceptability RESULTS: The overall vaccine acceptance, hesitancy, and refusal rates were 58% (95% CI: 54.7% - 61.3%), 40.4% (95% CI: 37.2% - 43.7%) and 1.5% (95% CI: 0.8% - 2.6%), respectively. Regarding vaccination hesitancy, a predictor such as "Receiving recent flu shots" had a negative correlation, whereas "Vaccines have little efficacy & serious adverse effects" (Perceived barriers), nationality, and majors were positive correlates. For refusal, "Unvaccinated students feasibly infected COVID-19 during hospital internship" (Perceived susceptibility) was a negative correlate. For predicting both hesitancy and refusal, "Mass media appreciating effectiveness and safety of vaccines" (Cues to action), and " Health professions students get serious complications of COVID-19 if not vaccinated" (Perceived severity) were negative predictors. In contrast, "Manufacturers do not disclose adverse effects of vaccines" (Cues to action), and "Adverse effect causes death" (Perceived barrier) were recognized as positive predictors. Strong Health Belief Model predictors of vaccine refusal were "Manufacturers do not disclose adverse effects of vaccines" (Cues to action) with OR= 5.299(95% CI: 1.687-16.641, p= 0.004), and "Adverse effect causes death" (Perceived barrier) with OR= 10.255 (95% CI = 3.528-29.814, p= 0.0005). CONCLUSION: Health professions students' acceptability of COVID-19 vaccination might be based on the perceived susceptibility to and severity of COVID-19, concerns about vaccine efficacy and safety, and the influence levels of information from various sources. Health education and measures to prevent the harmful effects of COVID-19 vaccine misinformation could potentially improve the acceptance rate of the COVID-19 vaccine.

3.
Journal of Health Literacy ; 7(1):17-25, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1811850

ABSTRACT

Background and Objective: Coronaviruses (COV) is a large group of viruses that can infect humans and cause diseases ranging from the common cold to acute respiratory syndrome. Social anxiety and stress responses are an important consequence of the coronavirus outbreak in world. This study aimed to examine key elements related to perceived threat and stress responses in the face of coronavirus based on the health belief model. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional online survey was conducted on 200 participants after prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 in Iran from April to August 2020. The study population were selected through convenience sampling from residents who lived in Razavi Khorasan province, Iran. The survey assessed the participant’s demographic information, perceived threat of SARS-CoV-2 infection, stress responses using originally developed assessment scores. Results: The mean age of the participants was 31.7 (SD 7.6) years. Many respondents were females (61.5%;n: 123) and age of from 27 to 36 occupied the majority of the population (40.5%;n: 81). The results showed the mean score of perceived threat was 37. 6±3. 9 (37.04-38.15;95% CI) and the mean scores of stress response was 29.19±8.04 (28.6-30.31;95% CI). There was a significant relationship between the perceived threat variable and stress responses (r = 0.45, p<0.05). Conclusions: In the Iran population, perceived susceptibility and severity of SARS-CoV-2 infection was very high. This suggests some impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on communities’ behavioral responses in Iran. The findings of this study would contribute to the timely behavioral assessment of the community benefits to improve the preventative interventions and risk communication strategies during an epidemic. © 2022, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences. All rights reserved.

4.
Vaccines (Basel) ; 10(4), 2022.
Article in English | PubMed | ID: covidwho-1810355

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Protecting healthcare workers against COVID-19 disease is crucial, and COVID-19 vaccination is the most effective method to do so. Eye healthcare workers provide routine care in proximity, increasing infection risk, hence their need for full vaccination. This study determined COVID-19 vaccine acceptance and barriers to its uptake among eye healthcare workers practicing in Uganda. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional online and telephone survey based on the health belief model (HBM), conducted in June-August 2021. A modified Poisson regression model with robust standard errors was used to determine the factors associated with COVID-19 vaccine acceptance. RESULTS: In total, 300 (85%) of the 357 eye healthcare workers participated in the study with mean age 43 ± 8 years and 182 (60.7%) were men. Overall, 97.6% (95% CI: 95.9-99.4) had accepted and/or were willing to take the COVID-19 vaccine, 65.3% had received a shot of the COVID-19 vaccine, and 97 (32.3%) reported the intention to accept the vaccine when it became available. Among the HBM constructs, high perceived susceptibility and high perceived benefits were significantly associated with COVID-19 vaccine acceptance. CONCLUSIONS: The acceptance of the COVID-19 vaccine among eye healthcare workers in Uganda is very high. There is a dire need to make vaccines available to developing nations like Uganda.

5.
Mental Health Effects of COVID-19 ; : 103-115, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1803276

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus is wreaking havoc in several ways, including health, economy, education, and other sociocultural activities. The global psychosocial impact especially due to the virus-related restrictions has also been enormous leading to psychological distress among many people. This chapter reviews the extent to which coronavirus lockdown and restrictions have affected the life of the people of Ghana. Ghanaians generally have a strong communal life which transcends their sociocultural background. The sociocultural impact of the coronavirus restrictions therefore was pronounced on the people because a lot of their economic activities were negatively affected since such activities thrive best on a strong sociocultural base. The health belief of the people related to tackling the menace of the coronavirus pandemic indicates that some of the people do not perceive the coronavirus as a major threat and therefore may not strictly follow the protocols. This attitude may hamper the effort being made to control the spread of the virus. Public stigmatization is also significantly high among a section of the population making it difficult for people who suspect that they have the coronavirus to seek healthcare. Extensive public education and behavior change approaches have been recommended to help inculcate positive attitudes toward bringing the coronavirus under control. © 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

6.
Pharmacy Education ; 22(2):30-35, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1798559

ABSTRACT

Background: Since the spread of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19), the misuse of health supplements during the pandemic has been very high. Knowledge and actions of supplement self-medication educational media ensure that students provide information on appropriate supplements to the larger community. Aim: To determine the effects of various uses of health supplement self-medication learning media on the behaviour of health students based on the Health Belief Model. Method: This quasi-experimental study used a pre-test and post-test control group design and enrolled 225 respondents selected by stratified random sampling. The statistical analysis used paired sample t-test. Results: There was a significant relationship between learning educational media and increased knowledge (p = 0.037). Educational media also greatly influenced perceived self-medication behaviour, namely susceptibility (p = 0.029), benefits (p = 0.014), and barriers (p = 0.028). Conclusion: Health and life science students, including the bachelor of pharmacy students, developed other self-medication educational media that are applied and beneficial to the community.

7.
BMC Public Health ; 22(1): 763, 2022 Apr 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1793962

ABSTRACT

Successful mitigation of emerging infectious disease requires that the public adopt recommended behaviours, which is directly influenced by effective crisis communication. Social media has become an important communication channel during COVID-19 where official actors, influencers, and the public are co-creating crisis messages. Our research examined COVID-19-related crisis messages across Canadian influencer accounts within news media, politicians, public health and government, science communicators, and brand influencer and celebrities, posted on Instagram between December 2019 and March 2021 for Health Belief Model and Extended Parallel Processing Model constructs and the corresponding public comment sentiment and engagement. Thirty-three influencer accounts resulted in a total of 2,642 Instagram posts collected, along with 461,436 comments, which showed overall low use of constructs in both captions and images. Further, most posts used no combinations (n = 0 or 1 construct per post) of constructs in captions and images and very infrequently used captions that combined threat (severity and susceptibility) with cues to action and efficacy. Brand influencers and celebrities, politicians, and science communicators had above average post engagement while public health and government and news media had lower. Finally, most influencers saw the largest proportion of neutral sentiment comments. Crisis messages must be designed to include combinations of constructs that increase message acceptance and influence risk perception and efficacy to increase the adoption of recommended and mandated behaviours.

8.
Front Public Health ; 10:842862, 2022.
Article in English | PubMed | ID: covidwho-1792875

ABSTRACT

Data exploring parents' hesitancy to vaccinate their 5-11-year-old children against COVID-19, and associated factors, is limited. This study aims to investigate parents' beliefs and intentions to vaccinate their 5-11-year-old children using the Health Belief Model in Saudi Arabia. A national, cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study was conducted in November, 2021. The self-administered online questionnaire was distributed to a random sample of parents. Adult parents with at least one 5-11-year-old child were included. The main outcome was parents' intention to vaccinate their 5-11-year-old children. Variability in parents' intention was assessed by demographics, COVID-19-related factors, children's health status, and constructs from the Health Belief Model. Univariate and multivariable logistic regression were used to investigate each factor and adjust for the intervariable effect on parental intention to vaccinate their children. Of the 4,135 participants, 61.9% were hesitant to vaccinate their 5-11-year-old children. Parents aged 31 to 40 years (OR = 1.23;95% CI, 1.02-1.49) and females (OR = 1.52;95% CI, 1.25-1.84) had higher odds of being hesitant to vaccinate their children than parents from other groups. Parents who perceived low benefit from the vaccine (OR = 16.3;95% CI, 12.1-21.9) or who had safety or efficacy concerns (OR = 3.76;95% CI, 3.10-4.58) were among the most hesitant to vaccinate their children. In conclusion, vaccine hesitancy is prevalent among parents of 5-11-year-old children in Saudi Arabia and those who had beliefs of minimal benefits or lack of safety from the COVID-19 vaccine were more hesitant. Government efforts must be directed toward increasing parents' vaccine awareness and tackling the constructs of the Health Belief Model through a well-designed vaccination campaign.

9.
Nurs Health Sci ; 2022 Apr 14.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1788893

ABSTRACT

Extensive research on the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is underway. However, there are not many studies on the use of masks, which are essential for infection prevention. This descriptive research study aimed to understand the factors influencing the use of masks by Korean adults during COVID-19. We conducted an online survey with 280 adults in South Korea between August and September 2020, analyzing the data using SPSS version 24.0. Multiple regression analyses were performed to understand the factors that influence individuals' use of masks. The participants' perceived susceptibility, perceived barriers, other people's dignity, compliance with public order, reasonable decision making, and subjective norms explained 21.6% of mask use. Mask use is expected to increase further if people perceive a personal need to wear masks, if their peers perceive the importance of mask use, and if they possess civic consciousness that considers society as a whole. This paper makes a significant contribution to the field of public health, with evidence-based recommendations for increasing mask use, going beyond simply attributing mask use to individual preferences. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

10.
Journal of Food Products Marketing ; : 1-20, 2022.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-1784172

ABSTRACT

This study examined Branded Functional Beverage (BFB) consumption behavior in the post-pandemic setting using a psychosocial theoretical framework derived from the tenets of Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) and the Health Belief Model (HBM). The theoretical framework was tested using the Partial Least Squares-Structural Equation Modeling method. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data from branded functional beverage consumers aged 18 and up. For the final data analysis, 445 usable questionnaires were utilized. This study revealed that perceived behavioral control and subjective norms were significant predictors of BFB purchase intention and subsequent consumption behavior in the post-pandemic period. The perceived threat of NCDs did not affect purchase intention or consumption behavior. Perceived susceptibility indirectly affected BFB purchase intention and consumption behavior via subjective norms (role of subjective norms as a “mediator”). The study implied that to positively influence the subjective norms of potential BFB customers, food marketers should focus on “opinion” leaders and subject experts. The companies may devise appropriate options for delivering functional beverage products to consumers’ doors via m-commerce and e-commerce platforms at competitive prices. They may also focus on customer education centered on the superior quality of their “functional” product portfolio and the ways of acquiring those at the minimum cost during this post-pandemic period. This pioneering study investigated the use of TPB and HBM in the context of post-pandemic functional beverage consumption. To build healthier and more robust food systems, governments and public health authorities across the world should proactively design and execute policies to promote sustained and strategic changes through functional foods and beverages. They must acknowledge that good nutrition is a priority for public health at all levels, equity, and economic security. [ FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Journal of Food Products Marketing is the property of Taylor & Francis Ltd and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

11.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(7)2022 Mar 31.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1776203

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the adoption of the Sehha, Mawid, and Tetamman mobile health applications during the COVID-19 pandemic in Saudi Arabia. The present study investigated factors influencing app use intention based on the Health Belief Model (HBM) approach. This study was conducted using a sample of 176 participants from the Riyadh and Makkah regions during the lockdown in May 2020. This study uses structural equation modeling for data collected using SmartPLS 3.3.9 (GmbH, Oststeinbek, Germany) to examine the effect of constructs on the model. The most important predictor was the perceived benefits of the mobile health apps, followed by self-efficacy. The perceived barriers and cues to action have no significant effect on behavioral intention. The perceived benefits and self-efficacy as keys can provide an overview to the government and to health organizations for taking into account the most important factors of the adoption of mobile health apps, meaning that the developer must adjust to the characteristics of the community of people that need applications that provide many benefits and have an impact.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Mobile Applications , Telemedicine , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , Communicable Disease Control , Health Belief Model , Humans , Pandemics/prevention & control
12.
International Journal of Public Health Science ; 11(2):713-723, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1776662

ABSTRACT

The elderly is the most vulnerable population group during coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Unfortunately, the vaccination uptake against COVID-19 among the seniors was considered low. This research aimed to point out the most significant factor as the recommendation for government to develop strategy in increasing COVID-19 participation among elderly. The variables are the health belief model, trust in health authorities and media, the experience regarding COVID-19, the general vaccination behaviour, and the novel contribution is the addition of the health protocol compliance as the determining factors of COVID-19 vaccination uptake action among the elderly in Indonesia. The online survey using a structured questionnaire obtained 213 respondents aged ≥55 years old. Structured equation modelling was employed to test the model. The result showed that the health belief model (β=0.296), trust in media and authorities (β=0.524), and general vaccination behaviour (β=0.319) significantly affect health protocol compliance. The health belief model (β=0.699), trust in media authorities (β=0.933), and health protocol compliance (β=0.406) significantly affected the COVID-19 vaccination uptake behaviour. This result gives the implication that the government should focus on improving the trust in media and authorities among the elderly. This action would improve the knowledge of COVID-19 and increase the vaccination coverage among the elderly. © 2022, Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama. All rights reserved.

13.
International Journal of Public Health Science ; 11(1):98-105, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1776646

ABSTRACT

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is continuing, but companies have been allowed to continue their business with the obligation strictly to apply health protocol. A cross-sectional study aimed to examine the perception of COVID-19 and its prevention behavior based on the health belief model was conducted on 285 industrial workers from eight company types sampled by online survey. The results show that most workers have poor COVID-19 perceptions (54.7%). However, the workers showing good behavior (61.1%) in preventing COVID-19 transmission. Gender (p=0.009), education background (p=0.017) and company types (p=0.001) were related to the COVID-19 perception. In addition, the perceptions related to the behavior in preventing COVID-19 transmission (p=0.000). Except cues to action, all perception components, i.e., perceived susceptibility (p=0.000), seriousness (p=0.005), benefits (p=0.000), barriers (p=0.000), and self-efficacy (p=0.000) related to behavior to prevent COVID-19 transmission. However, the perception components show a weak correlation with preventing behavior (r=0.167-0.234). The information types were related to perceived barriers (p=0.046) and cues to action (p=0.007). Maintain a safe distance (p=0.029), using a face mask (p=0.039), and eat nutritious food (p=0.019) related to information types. The increase of COVID-19 perception is the key to improve industrial workers' behavior to prevent the COVID-19 transmission. © 2022, Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama. All rights reserved.

14.
4th International Conference on Computing and Communications Technologies, ICCCT 2021 ; : 236-241, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1769598

ABSTRACT

Online food delivery has become the one of the prominent services during COVID-19 pandemic. After facing deceleration in early COVID-19 phase, online food delivery is slowly gaining momentum in India due to relaxations given by the government and support of the consumers. Online food delivery services need an improved understanding of the complexities of customer behavior which have shifted during this health crisis period of COVID-19 pandemic. The Study is undertaken to predict the customer willingness to order food using online services aftermath of COVID-19 pandemic using Machine Learning algorithms. Primary data collection is done through online survey distributed among public. 415 responses were received out of which 369 people prefer to order through online food delivery services. Using different machine learning models, it is inferred that the Affective and instrumental belief, Perceived benefits (variables of health belief model) are the significant predictors of the customers willingness to order food online. Demographic variables like hours utilized in mobile, frequency of ordering during COVID, Convenience of using food delivery application, number of members in family, age, education qualification and occupation are also found to be significant in determining order opinion. © 2021 IEEE.

15.
Inquiry ; 59: 469580221082787, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1770101

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Vaccination is vital for controlling the COVID-19 pandemic. Individuals' vaccination intention is a good predictor of vaccine uptake and is influenced by individuals' health belief toward vaccination. Regions with different levels of pandemic severity may present varying effects. This study aimed to determine the influence of health belief on COVID-19 vaccination intention in a region with a low level of COVID-19 infection. METHODS: This cross-sectional telephone survey was conducted on a quota sample of 800 adults in Hong Kong before the commencement of the local COVID-19 vaccination program. The Health Belief Model Scale-COVID-19 was developed to assess health belief toward COVID-19 vaccination. The contribution of health belief on explaining intention to receive the COVID-19 vaccine was assessed using logistic regression. RESULTS: The subjects demonstrated moderate levels in all aspects of health belief. Only 28.9% of the subjects indicated an intention to receive a COVID-19 vaccine. After controlling for age, educational level, marital status, and high risk status, the logistic regression analysis indicated that perceived benefits of vaccination (OR = 1.615; CI 95%: 1.443-1.807; P < .001), perceived susceptibility to COVID-19 (OR = 1.130; CI 95%: 1.032-1.237; P = .008), cues to action toward vaccination (OR = 1.212; CI 95%: 1.108-1.326; P < .001), and perceived barriers to vaccination (OR = .696; CI 95%: .641-.756; P < .001) were associated with intention to receive a COVID-19 vaccine. CONCLUSION: Vaccination campaigns in regions with good control of the pandemic should promote the benefits of vaccination, emphasizing how it can help individuals regain a sense of normalcy in their daily lives and stop the spread of COVID-19. Although the COVID-19 pandemic affects countries worldwide, this study highlights the importance of adopting specific vaccination promotion strategies for regions with different levels of pandemic severity.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Influenza, Human , Adult , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hong Kong/epidemiology , Humans , Influenza, Human/epidemiology , Intention , Pandemics , Vaccination
16.
Psychol Health Med ; : 1-10, 2022 Mar 30.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1764371

ABSTRACT

The goal of our study was to examine the intention to get vaccinated using predictors from the 5C Model of vaccination attitudes, the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) and the Health Belief Model (HBM). Between August and November 2020, an online survey was delivered to 1428 participants in the UK and Germany (mean age = 40.6; 57% women), assessing socio-demographic and health factors, general vaccination attitudes, TBP and HBM variables, and COVID-19 vaccination intention. Vaccination intentions did not differ by country or survey period. Predictors of intention with the highest explanatory power in a relative weight analysis were confidence, collective responsibility (5C) perceived behavioral control, social norms, attitudes (especially negative affect & TPB cognitions), and perceived benefits (HBM). Women reported lower intention, although the effect size was small. Predictors from the TPB and HBM were effective to explain the intention to receive COVID-19 vaccines over and above socio-demographic variables, health-related factors and general vaccination attitudes. The results are interpreted in the context of current vaccination campaigns. Messages promoting sense of autonomy and control over the decision to get vaccinated, approval from significant others and reassurance that getting vaccinated will not be associated with fear or other negative feelings are important facilitators of vaccine uptake.

17.
PeerJ ; 10: e12887, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1761119

ABSTRACT

To mitigate the unprecedented health, social, and economic damage of COVID-19, the Philippines is undertaking a nationwide vaccination program to mitigate the effects of the global pandemic. In this study, we interrogated COVID-19 vaccine intent in the country by deploying a nationwide open-access online survey, two months before the rollout of the national vaccination program. The Health Belief Model (HBM) posits that people are likely to adopt disease prevention behaviors and to accept medical interventions like vaccines if there is sufficient motivation and cues to action. A majority of our 7,193 respondents (62.5%) indicated that they were willing to be vaccinated against COVID-19. Moreover, multivariable analysis revealed that HBM constructs were associated with vaccination intention in the Philippines. Perceptions of high susceptibility, high severity, and significant benefits were all good predictors for vaccination intent. We also found that external cues to action were important. Large majorities of our respondents would only receive the COVID-19 vaccines after many others had received it (72.8%) or after politicians had received it (68.2%). Finally, our study revealed that most (21%) were willing to pay an amount of PHP 1,000 (USD20) for the COVID-19 vaccines with an average willing-to-pay amount of PHP1,892 (USD38).

18.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(6)2022 03 20.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1760615

ABSTRACT

This large-sample study of three Chinese societies-Mainland China, Taiwan, and Hong Kong-demonstrates the importance of media exposure for people's vaccination intentions during the COVID-19 pandemic. By employing two constructs (i.e., perceived susceptibility and severity) in the health belief model (HBM), the study identifies significant indirect effects of media exposure on individuals' vaccination intention in all three Chinese societies. That said, media trust negatively moderated the path from perceived severity to vaccination intention in Mainland China and Taiwan. In these two societies, the higher an individual's trust in media, the less influence of perceived severity on his/her vaccination intention. It suggests that the level of trust in media is a contextual factor in explaining individuals' decision-making on health issues. Generally, the combination of the HBM and media trust has been proven to be useful for understanding individuals' vaccination intentions. These findings provide practical considerations for governmental agencies, public institutions, and health campaign designers to promote vaccination in the pandemic.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pandemics , COVID-19/prevention & control , China , Female , Health Belief Model , Humans , Male , Vaccination
19.
Aging Health Res ; 2(2): 100066, 2022 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1757038

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine correlates of taking a COVID-19 test among late middle-aged and older adults using nationally representative data. Methods: Data were obtained from the 2020 Health and Retirement Study midway release COVID-19 module. Our sample was representative of community residing adults aged 51 and over in the United States (n = 2,870). Measurements: We regressed taking a COVID-19 test on demographic characteristics, medical comorbidities, and measures related to the health belief model (i.e., perceived severity, perceived susceptibility, cues to action, and perceived barriers) using logistic regression, stratifying the model by 10-year age categories. Results: Concern about the pandemic was associated with an increase in the likelihood of taking a test among late middle-aged adults. Knowing someone who was diagnosed with COVID-19 was associated with taking a test in most age categories. Financial barriers and knowing someone who died of COVID-19 were not associated with taking a test. Conclusions: How late middle-aged and older adults perceive the COVID-19 pandemic may significantly influence their likelihood of taking a COVID-19 test.

20.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(6)2022 03 21.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1753498

ABSTRACT

The utilization of pharmacy services in response to the threat of COVID-19 infection remains unclear in areas suffering from air pollution, and little is known regarding the effects of knowledge and attitude (KA) toward COVID-19 on this preventive behavior. This study aimed to explore how the residents perceived and reacted to the new threats of the epidemic and how KA may affect the correlation. Based on the health belief model (HBM), this research took the pharmacy service utilization (PSU) as an example to explain the preventive behavior. The samples were 375 respondents recruited from five districts near the industrial parks. T-test, ANOVA, and regression analyses of SPSS 22.0 were used to analyze the data. Test results show that self-efficacy was the strongest predictor, followed by the net perceived benefit. KA moderated the association of perceived threat and PSU intention. The levels of air pollution of a district may not be a good predictor for the preventive behavior against COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Air Pollution , COVID-19 , Community Pharmacy Services , Air Pollution/prevention & control , COVID-19/epidemiology , Humans , Intention , Surveys and Questionnaires
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL