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1.
Nutricion Clinica Y Dietetica Hospitalaria ; 42(4):136-144, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2203757

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Confinement has adverse psycho-social as well as dietary repercussions. During the pandemic there was a higher consumption of processed and canned foods, in-creasing the consumption of omega 6 (co-6) and probably de-creasing the consumption of omega 3 (co-3).Objective: To determine the relationship between knowl-edge and dietary habits about omega 3 and 6 in university students from Ecuador and Peru during COVID-19.Methods: Descriptive, cross-sectional study, carried out in 134 Ecuadorian and 215 Peruvian students. Data were obtained from a virtual questionnaire with questions on knowledge and dietary habits about ca-3 and ca-6. Spearman's Rho, Mann Whitney U and Kruskall Wallis statistical tests were performed.Results: A correlation coefficient of knowledge and eating habits on ca-3 and ca-6, Rho=0.146 (p=0.092) and Rho=0.081 (p=0.235) was obtained for the samples from Ecuador and Peru, respectively. In Ecuadorian students, there were differences in the levels of knowledge about ca-3 and ca -6, both in males and females (p=0.007). In both countries there are different levels of knowledge in the different spe-cialties of the study (p=0.004).Conclusion: There is no correlation between knowledge and eating habits about ca-3 and ca-6 in university students of Health Sciences in both countries. Students from Ecuador present insufficient knowledge and inadequate dietary habits about ca-3 and ca-6, more than Peru.

2.
Food Chemistry Advances ; : 100153, 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-2122473

ABSTRACT

Background Pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) is a fruit native to South Asia, and currently can grown in tropical and subtropical areas, including Mexico, which produces approximately seven thousand metric tons per year. Pomegranate stands out for its rich flavor and functional properties, which is why it has gained acceptance in different countries in the marketing of assorted products such as jellies, jams, drinks, and its effectiveness against diseases and pathogenic microorganisms. Scope and approach This review summarizes information about the bioactive compounds of pomegranate and its nutritional properties as functional food, with emphasis on its by-products (aril, seed, and peel). Punica granatum contains bioactive compounds, the peel has a higher content of these compounds and in vitro biological properties reported by different authors. Key findings and conclusions Pomegranate and its by-products have functional properties, such as antimicrobial, anticancer, and antiviral, even against SARS COV-2 virus in vitro studies;activities attributed to punicalagin, punicalin, ellagic acid, punicic acid, and anthocyanins. It is important to further analyze this fruit's functional and nutritional effects, especially the peel. To study the mechanisms involved, to develop industrial processes for the development of a nutraceutical or functional food product.

3.
Eur J Gen Pract ; : 1-7, 2022 Nov 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2107052

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) is associated with health benefits. Previous studies have shown that regular PA decreases the incidence of viral respiratory tract infections, but data on severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection are unavailable. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to examine the association between PA frequency and SARS-CoV-2 infection. METHODS: A population-based cross-sectional study was conducted on data from 1 February 2020 to 31 December 2020, using the registry of Leumit Health Services (LHS), a national health maintenance organisation in Israel. All LHS patients aged 18 to 80 years who underwent at least one RT-PCR test for SARS-CoV-2 during the study period were included. We examined the association between PA frequency (hours per week) and being tested positive for SARS-CoV-2. RESULTS: Of 113,075 subjects tested for SARS-CoV-2 by RT-PCR (mean age 41.6 years, 54.4% female), 17,465 (15%) were positive. In the SARS-CoV-2-negative group, significantly more subjects were engaged with PA than in the SARS-CoV-2-positive group [crude odds ratio (OR) for any PA 0.75 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.72-0.77)]. After adjusting for possible confounders, PA frequency had a significant negative association with the likelihood of being SARS-CoV-2 positive (adjusted OR 0.67, 95% CI 0.64-0.68). Moreover, as the frequency of PA increased, the ORs of being SARS-CoV-2-positive decreased (occasional PA: OR 0.71, 95% CI 0.67-0.74; PA 1-3 times/week: OR 0.62, 95% CI 0.58-0.65 and PA > 3 times/week: OR 0.54, 95% CI 0.49 - 0.59). CONCLUSION: Our large population-based study in patients undergoing SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR testing showed that a higher frequency of PA is associated with a lower rate of positive test results.

4.
Annals of Phytomedicine-an International Journal ; 10:56-62, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2072560

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 is an infectious disease which was originated in Wuhan (China) and is declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization. Functional foods are gaining popularity as they have been boosting immunity and capable to fight against various diseases including the COVID-19. Functional foods are categorized under the type of food products that possess physiological benefits. These foods are essential for health and help in improving one's health by preventing and curing several chronic diseases. This study has been conducted to evaluate the consumer's awareness and their knowledge of functional foods and their health benefits. A survey method was employed using a set of questions to assess consumer's knowledge and awareness. The scientific goal of this study was to increase awareness in the population about the advantages of these foods. The survey was conducted online on sample size of 301 participants for functional foods and, the data thus obtained was magnificent. The majority of the participants were either students or working professionals. More than half of the participants knew functional foods and were regular consumers. This survey gave an idea about what people think of the new emerging foods, their health claims, and their consumption during COVID-19, therefore, moving towards a healthy future.

5.
Annals of Phytomedicine-an International Journal ; 10:12-28, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2072557

ABSTRACT

Viral infections are contagious and deadly. Many viral attacks in the past decades including COVID-19 have turned into pandemics and cost millions of lives. Treatment to virus is difficult as they transform themselves into many variants. Thus, an intelligent way of keeping oneself out of the trouble is through better nutrition that enhance immune responses. Foods that provide high quantities of nutrients are vegetables, fruits and nuts. They are rich in fibres, fats, protein, vitamins, minerals and plant bioactive compounds like phytosterols, polyphenolics, flavonoids, etc. Many studies and randomised control trials have proven their therapeutic effects and health promoting capacities. These compounds interfere with the pathways of metabolic mechanisms in the human body and work by either providing a protective scope or by destroying any harmful incomings into the body;that would disrupt the homeostasis. In this article, nuts and their nutritive components that administer healthy benefits are discussed. Almonds, cashew nuts, pistachios, peanuts, chestnuts and Brazil nuts are examined and reviewed here. The nutritional composition of these nuts and their mechanism to offer medicinal properties are explained in detail. Apart from nutritional values, these nuts are rich source of antioxidants that confer anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory features. These activities enhance the immune responses by activating the defense mechanisms. Apart from the intake of highly nutritious diet, practising social distancing, isolation and better sanitation procedures are highly beneficial to avoid the severity of the viral attacks.

6.
Molecules ; 27(19)2022 Sep 27.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2066277

ABSTRACT

Worldwide, since ages and nowadays, traditional medicine is well known, owing to its biodiversity, which immensely contributed to the advancement and development of complementary and alternative medicines. There is a wide range of spices, herbs, and trees known for their medicinal uses. Chilli peppers, a vegetable cum spice crop, are bestowed with natural bioactive compounds, flavonoids, capsaicinoids, phytochemicals, phytonutrients, and pharmacologically active compounds with potential health benefits. Such compounds manifest their functionality over solo-treatment by operating in synergy and consortium. Co-action of these compounds and nutrients make them potentially effective against coagulation, obesity, diabetes, inflammation, dreadful diseases, such as cancer, and microbial diseases, alongside having good anti-oxidants with scavenging ability to free radicals and oxygen. In recent times, capsaicinoids especially capsaicin can ameliorate important viral diseases, such as SARS-CoV-2. In addition, capsaicin provides an ability to chilli peppers to ramify as topical agents in pain-relief and also benefitting man as a potential effective anesthetic agent. Such phytochemicals involved not only make them useful and a much economical substitute to wonder/artificial drugs but can be exploited as obscene drugs for the production of novel stuffs. The responsibility of the TRPV1 receptor in association with capsaicin in mitigating chronic diseases has also been justified in this study. Nonetheless, medicinal studies pertaining to consumption of chilli peppers are limited and demand confirmation of the findings from animal studies. In this artifact, an effort has been made to address in an accessible format the nutritional and biomedical perspectives of chilli pepper, which could precisely upgrade and enrich our pharmaceutical industries towards human well-being.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Capsicum , Animals , Antioxidants/pharmacology , COVID-19/drug therapy , Capsaicin/pharmacology , Capsicum/chemistry , Flavonoids , Humans , Oxygen , SARS-CoV-2
7.
Sustainability ; 14(17):10862, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2024206

ABSTRACT

The waste generated by small-scale ultra-fresh juice producers, such as bistros and restaurants, has been little studied so far, mainly because it is unevenly distributed and dissipated in the economic ecosystem and would require high costs associated with transportation and subsequent recovery of bio composites. The present article seeks to offer solutions by providing sustainable methods to reduce their waste losses to a minimum and transform them into valuable products, with affordable equipment and techniques. The study focuses on the preliminary phase of quantitative analysis of fruit and vegetable by-products generated on a small scale, the results showing a mean 55% productivity in fresh juices. Due to the high amount of remnant water content in waste, a new process of mechanically pressing the resulting squeezed pulp was introduced, generating an additional yield in juice, ranging from 3.98 to 51.4%. Due to the rising trend in healthier lifestyle, the by-products were frozen or airdried for conservation in each of the processing stages, and the total phenolic compounds and antioxidant activity were analyzed in order to assess the traceability of these bioactive compounds to help maximize their transfer into future final products. The polyphenols transferred into by-products varied between 7 and 23% in pulps and between 6 and 20% in flours. The highest DPPH potential was found in flours, up to three-fold in comparison with the raw material, but the high dry substance content must be accounted for. The results highlight the potential of reusing the processing waste as a reliable source of bioactive compounds.

8.
Animals (Basel) ; 12(17)2022 Aug 31.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2005915

ABSTRACT

Dog ownership and dog walking brings various health benefits for urban dwellers, especially since the COVID-19 pandemic, but trigger a number of controversies. Dog parks have become increasingly significant public resources in the pandemic to support these benefits while facing intense conflicts. To develop effective dog parks in urban settings, growing numbers of scholars have provided insights into the design and management strategies for addressing the benefits and conflicts. The objective of this study is to synthesize and analyze various aspects of dog park design and management and to assess identified strategies for enhancing their benefits while mitigating their drawbacks. Following the PRISMA guidelines, a systematic study was conducted to synthesize the benefits, conflicts, and management strategies of dog parks, supported by Citespace. Benefits and conflicts in dog park design and management have been synthesized and organized according to their frequency of presence and the statistical results. We analyzed and assessed existing design and management strategies. Through this systematic study, we discovered the need obtain o po experimental evidence on effective dog park design and management to enhance their benefits while mitigating their sources of conflict and limitations in the intensity of park visitors' physical activity in off-leash areas. Guidelines for the design and management strategies for effective dog parks were made to enhance their benefits while alleviating conflicts in the future development of sustainable dog parks that promote healthy relationships between canines and residents in urban built environments.

9.
Foods ; 11(15)2022 Jul 27.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1993970

ABSTRACT

Fermentation is one of the most economical and safe methods to improve the nutritional value, sensory quality and functional characteristics of raw materials, and it is also an important method for cereal processing. This paper reviews the effects of microbial fermentation on cereals, focusing on their nutritional value and health benefits, including the effects of fermentation on the protein, starch, phenolic compounds contents, and other nutrient components of cereals. The bioactive compounds produced by fermented cereals have positive effects on health regulation. Finally, the future market development of fermented cereal products is summarized and prospected.

10.
Applied Food Research ; : 100185, 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-1966274

ABSTRACT

This review is aimed to explore the health beneficial effects of probiotics which are live microorganisms that provide a positive health influence on humans when taken in sufficient quantity. Lactic acid bacteria, bifidobacteria, and yeast are frequently used as probiotics. These health-beneficial bacteria could compete with pathogens and modulate the gut microbiota, and exhibit immunomodulatory activities, anti-obesity, anti-diabetic, and anti-cancer activities which are discussed in this review. Moreover, recent studies showed that probiotics could neutralize COVID-19 infections. Hence, probiotics have become an alternative to several drugs including antibiotics. In addition, probiotic efficacy also depends on the delivery system as the delivery agents help the bacteria to survive in the harsh environment of the human gut. Considering these health benefits of probiotics, now it has been applied to different food materials which are designated as functional food. This review explored a portrait of the beneficial effects of probiotics on human health.

11.
J Nutr Sci ; 11: e59, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1947116

ABSTRACT

Camel milk has been consumed for centuries due to its medicinal and healing properties. The present study aims to investigate the consumption patterns of camel milk and perceived benefits and risks among adults in the United Arab Emirates. A self-administered online questionnaire was developed in English and Arabic languages and was completed online by 852 adults. Socio-demographic characteristics, camel milk consumption patterns and perceived knowledge of the benefits and risks of camel milk were investigated. About 60 % of the participants have tried drinking camel milk, but only a quarter (25⋅1 %) were regular consumers. The most consumed camel milk products after fresh milk were yoghurt and flavoured milk. The most popular additions to camel milk were honey, turmeric and sugar. Most consumers had less than one cup of camel milk per day (57⋅0 %). Camel milk consumers preferred it over other types of milk due to its nutritional value (66⋅4 %) and medicinal properties (39⋅3 %). Among consumers, 58⋅4 % reported consuming unpasteurised camel milk. Reasons included the belief that it is fresher (87⋅2 %), better for the immune system (41⋅6 %), and higher in nutrients (39⋅2 %). Overall, participants had inadequate knowledge about the health benefits of camel milk (7⋅11 ± 5⋅3 out of 25). Males and camel milk consumers had a significantly higher knowledge about the health benefits of camel milk compared to females and non-consumers (P < 0⋅05). Although positive perceptions were common, misperceptions appear to be prevalent among non-consumers. Consuming unpasteurised camel milk is a major public health concern, thus national regulations are essential.


Subject(s)
Camelus , Milk , Animals , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Male , Nutritive Value , Taste
12.
1st International Conference on Applied Artificial Intelligence and Computing, ICAAIC 2022 ; : 225-231, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1932080

ABSTRACT

Preventive medical care relies on vaccinations to provide significant health benefits. Vaccination is an important and effective preventive health measure. There is no better way to reduce the risk of pandemic spread of SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19 than vaccination. As a preventive measure, the government has begun vaccinating Indians against Corona infection. It is therefore important, in addition to developing and supplying vaccines, that enough people are willing to obtain vaccines. However, of the populations worldwide, there are concerning proportions that are reluctant to get vaccinated. In order to end the pandemic, it is highly essential to deal with another omnipresent issue: outright rejection of vaccinations. To achieve population immunity first we have to find the non-vaccinated population should be detected and to this end, this project proposed an Aadhaar-based facial recognition system is used to find non-vaccinated citizen and alert them using Artificial Intelligence. Deep learning which is in the form of Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) are used to carry out the face recognition process and it is also proven to be an efficient method to carry out face recognition due to its high fidelity. A CNN is a Deep Neural Network (DNN), which is designed to perform challenging tasks like image processing, which is crucial for facial recognition. The CNN structure is composed of numerous layers of neurons that connect the neurons: an input layer, an output layer, and layers between these two layers. In the midst of the epidemic coronavirus outbreak (COVID-19), a person's current inoculation status will be updated based on face recognition to safeguard him/her from COVID-19 and it may also serve as proof of vaccination for other purposes. Facial recognition technology (FRT) along with the Aadhaar helps to authenticate people before entering into any types of service. This project provides COVID-19 immunization status, which is determined by observing at their face, and certify that they have been vaccinated. © 2022 IEEE.

13.
8th International Conference on Advanced Computing and Communication Systems, ICACCS 2022 ; : 1179-1183, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1922650

ABSTRACT

People always wanted to access natural things, like gardens, fresh forests, and agricultural fields which are associated with a range of health benefits. Studies have shown that exposure to natural and green space reduces stress, creates a happy mood, increases satisfaction in life and mental stimulation. The new normal created by the Covid 19 pandemic, has brought people to create gardens in their own place. The limiting things for people to adapt gardens in their own place: 1) Larger space is required to create a garden. 2) More water consumption 3) Consistent care for the plants 4) Doesn't have knowledge about the plants. Our project mainly focuses on these issues by providing an IOT based 'Movable mini hydroponic home garden with automated monitoring system' suitable for any geographic situation. We adopt the hydroponic concept, to create a movable garden, which can fit into any place like balconies, a small placecorner in the room. Also, it needs very minimal care and water consumption would also be minimal. Daylight and nighttime that the plant receives to determine the health of the plant. Therefore, we track the time the plant is exposed to sunlight and nighttime, which can be used to on the bulb (in case of indoor) or intimate the owner about the same. In the same way, the heat of the environment is also monitored and intimated to the owner, in the case of indoor, we either on the fan exhaust. The particular nutrition that the plant needs is been monitored by the sensor and intimated if it exceeds deficient. Insect bug could be detected by the sound it makes and the buzzer would be used to move it away from the plant. Daily messages would be given to the lower about the status of the plant, so they need not worry about the plant. © 2022 IEEE.

14.
Clinical Nutrition Open Science ; 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-1914872

ABSTRACT

This review focused on compiling, summarizing, updating the information available on the colostrum and its health benefits. Colostrum is the first milk secreted by the mammary gland of female mammals immediately after birth during the first few days, and its composition differs from the mature milk. It ensures immune support for newborns in the early stages of life. It is a divine immune gift from the Creator. Mammalian colostrum contains unique components rich in nutritional macronutrients (proteins, fat, carbohydrates) and micronutrients (vitamins, minerals, antioxidants) and many bioactive substances like antimicrobial factors (Igs, LF, LP, LZ, cytokines) and growth factors (EGF, TGFα and β, IGF-1 and 2, FGF, PDGF, GH), which are necessary to stimulate the immune systems that newborns need for health and survival life. Physicochemical composition changes dramatically in the first few days that distinguish it from mature milk. This reverses an essential difference in their biological function as fractional sources or for health-promotion. So it is considered one of the best natural food supplements consumed within various life stages. Colostrum is used to treat cancer, AIDS, polio, heart disease, and rheumatoid arthritis. Hyper-immune colostrum or milk collected from cows immunized by SARS-CoV-2, it can grant protection short-term from infection in humans and can be used as an alternative way to produce specific antibodies against CoVID-19 until effective excess vaccines against new mutations can be available. Likewise, colostrum and its components contribute as a non-drug alternative to the clinical management of CoVID-19. Also, lactoferrin and its supplements are effective in preventing and treating people with coronavirus infection. Therefore, due to these previous multiple functions, colostrum is considered as a natural food, called miracle immune milk, and used as a medicine.

15.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 185: 390-400, 2022 Aug 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1895375

ABSTRACT

Tea is the most frequently consumed natural beverage across the world produced with the young leaves and shoots of the evergreen perennial plant Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze. The expanding global appeal of tea is partly attributed to its health-promoting benefits such as anti-inflammation, anti-cancer, anti-allergy, anti-hypertension, anti-obesity, and anti- SARS-CoV-2 activity. The many advantages of healthy tea intake are linked to its bioactive substances such as tea polyphenols, flavonoids (catechins), amino acids (theanine), alkaloids (caffeine), anthocyanins, proanthocyanidins, etc. that are produced through secondary metabolic pathways. Phytohormones regulate secondary metabolite biosynthesis in a variety of plants, including tea. There is a strong hormonal response in the biosynthesis of polyphenols, catechins, theanine and caffeine in tea under control and perturbed environmental conditions. In addition to the impact of preharvest plant hormone manipulation on green tea quality, changes in hormones of postharvest tea also regulate quality-related metabolites in tea. In this review, we discuss the health benefits of major tea constituents and the role of various plant hormones in improving the endogenous levels of these compounds for human health benefits. The fact that the ratio of tea polyphenols to amino acids and the concentrations of tea components are changed by environmental conditions, most notably by climate change-associated variables, the selection and usage of optimal hormone combinations may aid in sustaining tea quality, and thus can be beneficial to both consumers and producers.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Camellia sinensis , Catechin , Anthocyanins/metabolism , Caffeine , Camellia sinensis/metabolism , Catechin/metabolism , Humans , Plant Leaves/metabolism , Polyphenols/metabolism , SARS-CoV-2 , Tea
16.
Frontiers in Energy Research ; 10, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1875406

ABSTRACT

Amid rising COVID-19 stringency measures, sedentary behavior has been intensified globally, leading to intense chronic diseases. Due to the potential health benefits associated with digital wearables, there is a dire need to explore the crucial determinants for consumers, which could enhance the usage of sports wearables in addressing health challenges. For this purpose, a novel conceptual framework was developed, and Partial Least Square-Structural Equation Modelling (PLS-SEM) was employed on the primary data of 463 consumers from China. The results revealed a positive association of consumer innovativeness, perceived credibility, perceived ease in using sports wearables, perceived usefulness in using sports wearables, social influence for sports wearables, health benefits, and hedonic motivation for sports wearables during COVID-19 with the adoption intention of sports wearables. The study findings offer valuable policy recommendations to minimize COVID-19 health risks by efficiently monitoring consumers’ health status. Copyright © 2022 He, Shang, Ajaz, Nureen and Sukstan.

17.
Landscape and Urban Planning ; 219:10, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1851730

ABSTRACT

During the COVID-19 emergency, cities around the world introduced measures to guarantee physical distancing that restricted access to urban parks and green areas, with potentially negative effects on citizens' health and wellbeing. This study aims at providing insights to manage access to urban green space in physical distancing times, when the risk of crowding should be avoided. Using the city of Trento (Italy) as a case study, the study simulates policy scenarios corresponding to different restrictions and assesses their effects on green space access and crowding. Policy scenarios are obtained by combining different distances that people are allowed to travel, different types of green areas available for public use (only urban parks or parks and schoolyards), and different target populations (all residents or only people with no private gardens). The results unveil the trade-off between access and crowding of green areas, and can be used to suggest policy interventions and regulations that can be adopted in an emergency. Particularly, the study shows that: i) The relationship between distance threshold and the percentage of people with access to green areas is non-linear, and this should be carefully considered when proposing travel restrictions;ii) Changing the maximum travel distance does not produce major effects on the number of crowded green areas, hence additional or alternative measures need to be adopted;iii) Off-the-shelf measures, such as opening schoolyards, are beneficial and can be implemented rapidly in an emergency. Finally, the study reveals "hotspots" of green space deprivation/overcrowding in the city that should be addressed by urban planning to ensure that green space continues to benefit citizens also during emergency conditions.

18.
Acsms Health & Fitness Journal ; 26(2):20-28, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1741986

ABSTRACT

Apply It! center dot Research shows barriers to PA exist due to varieties of intrinsic and extrinsic factors. The COVID-19 pandemic has further confounded public engagement in PA. Home-based body weight exercise training may be a potential intervention to remedy these barriers. center dot Fitness professionals can educate their clients in a remote setting using the information related to home-based exercise programming and body weight exercise options presented in this article, supplemental information, and freely accessible resources also provided. center dot Home-based video personal training can be implemented to increase the interaction between fitness professionals and clients.

19.
21st IEEE International Conference on Data Mining Workshops, ICDMW 2021 ; 2021-December:863-866, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1728827

ABSTRACT

The rapid advancement of clinical research has resulted into numerous therapeutic options currently available for most of the diseases. During the patient therapeutic journey, many health-related decisions are necessary requiring patients to choose between the potential health benefits of an intervention, versus the countervailing risk of serious adverse health outcomes. Studies focusing exactly on those patient preferences aim to elicit preferences with the common objective to generate information that facilitates comparing the importance of attributes of interest. The world has experienced a dramatic change in patient's preferences during the pandemic. Despite the importance of patient preference studies in healthcare decision making, there is a lack of effective storage and accessibility of relevant data for wider use. In this paper the authors present the design of a platform to systematically collect, curate, annotate, index, synthesize and make available pertinent information of patient preference studies so that they can be further exploited by decision support tools. © 2021 IEEE.

20.
International Journal of Community Music ; 14(2-3):295-310, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1706634

ABSTRACT

It is reported that COVID-19 has had a significant impact on increasing mental health problems and exacerbating existing mental health conditions. The aim was to explore the potential of an online singing and mindfulness programme for people with anxiety and/or depression. Seven participants were socially prescribed to a nine-week programme of online singing and mindfulness delivered by the practitioner-researcher. Participants completed the HADS (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale) and WEMWBS (Warwick Edinburgh Mental Wellbeing Scale) at baseline and after the sessions. Participants kept journals and completed a questionnaire after the programme. Field notes were kept. Data were triangulated to form themes for discussion. Participants reported positive impacts on their -wellbeing. The programme offered a safe space to connect with others;build confidence;break down barriers and to feel both relaxed and energized. Online singing and mindfulness may provide an effective 'gateway' into face-to-face activities for those experiencing barriers to engagement.

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