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1.
Ann Biomed Eng ; 2022 May 17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1844403

ABSTRACT

The determinants of vaccine hesitancy remain complex and context specific. Betrayal aversion occurs when an individual is hesitant to risk being betrayed in an environment involving trust. In this pre-registered vignette experiment, we show that betrayal aversion is not captured by current vaccine hesitancy measures despite representing a significant source of unwillingness to be vaccinated. Our survey instrument was administered to 888 United States residents via Amazon Mechanical Turk in March 2021. We find that over a third of participants have betrayal averse preferences, resulting in an 8-26% decline in vaccine acceptance, depending on the betrayal source. Interestingly, attributing betrayal risk to scientists or government results in the greatest declines in vaccine acceptance. We explore an exogenous message intervention and show that an otherwise effective message acts narrowly and fails to reduce betrayal aversion. Our results demonstrate the importance of betrayal aversion as a preference construct in the decision to vaccinate.

2.
Canadian Journal of Public Health ; 112(5):799-876, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1837009

ABSTRACT

This special issue contains 9 articles on COVID-19 in Canada. Topics covered include specific modelling approaches;social inequalities in protective behaviour uptake;public health preventive measures and child health;examining the associations between food worry and mental health;provincial implementation supports for socio-demographic data collection;impacts of COVID-19 and systemic inequalities on sub-Saharan African immigrants;detection of case clusters;vaccine evaluation;and tuberculosis elimination.

3.
Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal ; 24(2), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1836514

ABSTRACT

Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has spread rapidly across the globe through coughing, sneezing, droplet inhalation, and contact. Objectives: The current study aimed to assess the impact of the fear of COVID-19 infection on functionality in women with breast cancer.

4.
Journal of Epidemiology and Public Health ; 7(1):17-33, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1836439

ABSTRACT

Background: In DR Congo, South Kivu is among cities most affected by Covid 19 with its dense population and common mass movement. This study aimed at investigating the population behavior and practices during the spread period of Corona in South Kivu, East of Democratic Republic of Congo. Subjects dan Method: A cross-sectional analytical study was undertaken in South Kivu province and included 800 hundred individuals. The survey questionnaire was designed and comprised information on independent variables including socio-demographic and socioeconomic parameters, travel history of individuals, and person's history of COVID-19 comorbidity factors. These data were used to explain the dependent variable which was the population behavior and practices which was linked to the COVID-19 positivity or negativity. A rapid test of the COVID-19 antigen for people suspected of having cough and fever followed by RT-PCR tests was conducted. Statistical analyses were performed under R, version 3.5.1.

5.
Psychology Hub ; 39(1):55-68, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1835953

ABSTRACT

The impact of restrictions on movement resulting from the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic may contribute to a disruption of mental health in young people during this era. In March 2021, lockdown restrictions were enforcing national policies of tackling the infectious disease across the globe. In the early stages of the vaccination rollout, public enquires on confidence to endure the virus pandemic have shown high levels of psychological distress. Under the above circumstances, 333 university students were asked to fill in an online-based survey on alcohol consumption, compulsive behavior as a loss of control over eating, fear of weight changes, excessive sleepiness and sleep deprivation. Text mining and multiple correspondence analysis were employed to analyze qualitative data on the lived experience against the occurrence of healthrelated behaviors. Data analyses have showed that the pandemic was associated with a mixed breakup of clustered lemmas based on sex, age, and relationship status. The extent to which the participants have reported a lower degree of satisfaction on living arrangements, intimate and family relationships were interpreted as meaningfully related with a more negative lived experience. Social confinement has resulted as an immediate action for mitigating a public health crisis from the SARS-CoV-2 disease. Incidentally, social measures to mitigate the virus transmission have sought to protect internal collapse of the health care systems by reducing the number of casualties. Conversely, these findings provide new evidence on the social determinants of health among youth and consequently highlight the potential interference from missing social interactions in the COVID-19 pandemic response. © Author (s).

6.
Front Psychiatry ; 13: 835585, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1834614

ABSTRACT

Objective: Scholars have debated the COVID-19's full and partial lockdowns' effectivity to control the transmission of the new case. They emphasized the provision of required economic and social resources worldwide. Past literature related to COVID-19 has contributed little evidence to examine the efficacy of full and partial lockdown measures with experimental perspectives at different intervals. This study bridges this literature gap and explores the full and smart lockdowns' impacts on Pakistani students' mental health, depression, quality of life, and anxiety symptoms, during the various waves of the COVID-19 pandemic. Method: This pretest and posttest experimental designed web-based survey recruited 40 students from March 23 to August 23, 2020, and recorded their responses. The study incorporated four standardized psychological instruments to receive the desired datasets related to students' mental health, quality of life, anxiety, and depression. Researchers shared data links with the participants via social media, WhatsApp. The study applied one-way and multivariate ANOVA tests (analysis of variance) to draw the desired results. Results: This study's findings suggest that both full and partial COVID-19 lockdowns effectively improve students' mental health and quality of life. These measures help reduce anxiety and depressive symptoms among university students. The study results exhibit that partial lockdown (PL) is more effective in improving quality of life. Besides, PL helps reduce anxiety symptoms than complete lockdown among Pakistani students. Conclusion: The present study's findings suggest that students are vulnerable. They need particular interventions and preventive measures to protect and improve their mental health and quality of life during a global pandemic. As the stressful experience of the epidemic persists in Pakistan. It will also be interesting to examine the psychological impact of the successive waves of the COVID-19 pandemic.

7.
Front Psychol ; 13: 837365, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1834537

ABSTRACT

Three studies were conducted to explore the psychological determinants of COVID-deterrent behaviors. In Study 1, using data collected and analyzed both before and after the release of COVID-19 vaccines, mask-wearing, other preventative behaviors like social distancing, and vaccination intentions were positively related to assessments of the Coronavirus Behavioral Health Mindset (CVBHM); belief in the credibility of science; progressive political orientation; less use of repressive and more use of sensitization coping; and the attribution of COVID-19 safety to effort rather than ability, powerful forces, fate, or luck. In Study 2, favorable COVID-19 vaccination intentions were related to greater willingness to work, lower emotional distress, and greater customer experience mindset. Study 3 examined the personality and motives of individuals who volunteered to help deliver COVID-19 inoculations to the local community. The vaccine-giving volunteers, especially those with prosocial motives, had high CVBHM scores, belief in the credibility of science, low use of repressive coping, greater attribution of COVID-19 protection to effort, low likelihood of voting conservative, were older, and had more education than others. The majority of public health volunteers expressed prosocial motives to help people or join a cause (60.7%), but many (39.3%) expressed the personal motives of getting the COVID-19 vaccination for themselves, conveying a public image of compassion, or structuring time. Based on the three research studies, a COVID-19 Mindset Hierarchy model is proposed to integrate the results.

8.
International Journal of Psychology & Psychological Therapy ; 21(1):75-79, 2021.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-1824488

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has meant that college students in many nations, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) included, have had to switch to home-learning. Additionally, infection control measures in the UAE have also led to the enactment of population-wide curfews. The present study represents an exploration of cognitive vulnerability to depression and depressive symptomatology, both before and after the UAE enacted measures to curb the spread of COVID-19. The study relied upon a quasi-experimental design, where two groups of college students from the same population completed measures of depressive symptoms and cognitive vulnerabilities before (N = 34) and after (N = 85) the UAE implemented home learning and curfew measures. The posited cognitive vulnerability's (ruminative response styles and dysfunctional attitudes) were both retained as predictors of depressive symptoms. Furthermore, depressive symptom scores were significantly higher after the enactment of the UAE's curfew and home learning measures. It may be particularly important to provide mental health support for college students during extended periods of enforced home learning and curfew. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

9.
Sosyoloji Konferanslari ; 41(2):199-219, 2021.
Article in Turkish | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1824422

ABSTRACT

Bu makalenin argümanına göre hastalık ile geçerli toplumsal işleyiş arasında belirgin bir bağıntı vardır. Bu açıdan her hastalık, içinden çıktığı çağın ve toplumun metaforu olarak görülmeye müsaittir. Başka bir ifadeyle her dönem, kendi başat yaşam tarzının izlerini taşıyan bir hastalık formunu bünyesinde taşımaktadır. Íçinde yaşadığımız modern kültür bağlamında salgına bir tür sosyolojik projektör olarak yaklaşan bu makale, tartışmayı Susan Sontag’ın eleştirel bir şekilde açtığı yoldan sürdürmektedir. Hastalığı metafor olarak inceleyen Sontag gibi bu çalışma da, yaşanan Covid-19 kapsamında maske, mesafe ve hijyen söylemlerini sosyolojik eksende ve çağdaş kültürün başat göstergeleri olan hız, kontrol, enformasyon, aşırı-tıbbileşme ve ölüm kavramları etrafında ele almaktadır. Bu amaçla Bauman, Baudrillard, Turner, Furedi ve Chul-Han gibi öncü sosyal teorisyenler üzerinden şu sorulara yanıt aramaktadır: Yaşanan küresel salgın ve onda vücut bulan güncel sağlık söylemi sosyolojik kadrajda nasıl görünmektedir? Pandemi portresi toplumsal bir metafor olarak incelendiğinde hangi düşünce ve eğilimler belirmektedir? Örneğin hijyen ile kültürel korkular arasında, mesafe ile toplumsal izolasyon ve sakınma tavrı arasında ve maske ile sayısallaştırılarak örtülen ölüm fikri arasında ne tür bir ilişki vardır? Hiç şüphesiz modern tıp tarihinin kritik bir kırılma noktası olarak pandemi yalnızca küresel sağlık uygulamalarını değil, birçok değer yargısını paradoksal olarak hem kabule hem de hem de sorgulanmaya zorlamıştır.Alternate : This article argues that a clear correlation exists between disease and the prevailing social functioning. In this respect, every disease can be seen as a metaphor for the age and society in which it emerges. In other words, every period carries a form of disease that bears traces of the dominant lifestyle. This study approaches the epidemic as a kind of sociological projection in the context of studying modern culture and continues the discussion along the lines critically opened by Susan Sontag (2005). Just as Sontag examined disease as a metaphor, this article debates the discourses on masks, social distancing, and hygiene within the scope of COVID-19 along a specific sociological axis around the concepts of speed, control, information, hypermedicalization, and death as the dominant indicators of contemporary culture. For this purpose, the study seeks answers to the following questions through the leading social theorists of the field such as Bauman, Baudrillard, Turner, Furedi and Chul- Han: How does the global epidemic and the current health discourse embodied in it appear within the sociological context? What thoughts and tendencies emerge when examining the pandemic portrait as a social metaphor? For example, what kind of relationship exists between hygiene and cultural fears;among distance, social isolation, and avoidance;and between masks and the superficial idea of death concealed behind quantification? Undoubtedly, the pandemic is a critical breaking point in the history of modern medicine and has forced not only global health practices but also many value judgments to both paradoxically be accepted and questioned.

10.
Sosyoloji Konferanslari ; 41(1):103-125, 2021.
Article in Turkish | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1823848

ABSTRACT

The current study has two significant purposes. The primary aim of the study is to design a valid and reliable scale regarding the behaviors users have for obtaining and verifying health information from digital media during the COVID-19 Pandemic, which became a global health issue in 2020 by affecting the whole world. The secondary aim of the study is to reveal the sources to which new media users frequently refer for obtaining and verifying health information. The research was conducted online using the questionnaire technique with the participation of 551 people. The study demonstrates the “Obtaining and Verifying Health Information from Digital Media Scale to be a valid and reliable measurement tool consisting of 10 items and 3 factors. Another result is that users refer to websites (Web 1.0) more than social media (Web 2.0) when obtaining online health information. In order to verify the health information they have obtained, participants tend to check the online accounts of scientists and doctors. The conclusion section discusses these findings around the concept of infodemic.Alternate : Bu çalışmanın öncelikli amacı tüm dünyayı etkisi altına alan ve 2020 yılı içerisinde küresel bir sağlık sorunu haline gelen Covid-19 Pandemisi döneminde kullanıcıların dijital ortamda sağlık bilgisi edinme ve bilgiyi teyit etme davranışları üzerine geçerli ve güvenilir bir ölçüm aracı tasarlamaktır. Íkincil amacı ise yeni medya kullanıcılarının sağlık bilgisi edinmek ve bu bilgiyi teyit etmek için sıklıkla başvurdukları kaynakları ortaya koymaktır. Araştırma 551 kişinin katılımıyla anket tekniği kullanılarak çevrimiçi olarak gerçekleştirilmiştir. Analizler, “Dijital Ortamda Sağlık Bilgisi Edinme ve Teyit Ölçeği”nin 10 madde ve 3 faktörden oluşan geçerli ve güvenilir bir ölçme aracı olduğunu göstermiştir. Kullanıcıların sağlık bilgisi edinirken sosyal medyaya (web 2.0) kıyasla web sitelerine (web 1.0) daha fazla başvurması elde edilen diğer bir sonuçtur. Edindikleri sağlık bilgilerini teyit etmek için ise bilimsel yayınlar ile bilim insanlarının ve doktorların paylaşımlarına yöneldikleri görülmüştür. Bu bulgular sonuç kısmında Ínfodemi kavramı odağında tartışmaya açılmıştır.

11.
Journal of the Association of Physicians of India ; 70(January):33-36, 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-1823779

ABSTRACT

Background: Persons with anxiety regarding health may have an increased tendency to seek online health information especially during a pandemic. The primary objective of this study was to determine COVID-19 induced health anxiety among the general population in India using Google Trends data.

12.
Korean Economic Review ; 38(2):251-283, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1820527

ABSTRACT

Compliance with the public health authority guidelines is crucial to prevent the spread of COVID-19 successfully. By analyzing individual responses to a survey, we identify the weakest links, i.e., those who do not follow the guidelines as much as others do, and why they are failing. We find that individuals older than 60 are most enthusiastic in protecting their and others' health and that those younger than 30 are least enthusiastic. We categorize the factors possibly influencing the precautionary behavior into three groups: preference, belief and constraint. It turns out that although beliefs on the effectiveness of protective measures do predict individual differences in their endeavors, they do not vary significantly across gender and age groups. On the other hand, risk, time, and social preferences explain individual differences well and significantly differ across gender and age groups. We also derive an implication for managing long-term risks due to fatigue and depression.

13.
J Health Psychol ; : 13591053221093447, 2022 May 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1820089

ABSTRACT

To maintain social distancing in the long term, in the current COVID-19 scenario, people's motivation must be strong and of high quality. Many governments adopted measures enforcing social distancing. Enforcement, however, can produce feelings of defiance and backfiring effects. The present work aims at investigating the relationship between autonomous motivation and intentions to maintain social distancing, through adherence to recommendations and feelings of defiance. A sample of 502 Italian residents, from different parts of Italy, completed an online survey assessing their present behavior, levels of autonomous motivation and feelings of defiance, as well as intentions to observe social distancing in the short and long term. Results support the hypotheses that autonomous motivation is related to stronger intentions to maintain social distancing, particularly in the long term, and that feelings of defiance mediate this relationship. These results underline importance of promoting understanding and internalizing reasons for social distancing, beyond norms.

14.
Clinical Cancer Research ; 27(6 SUPPL 1), 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1816922

ABSTRACT

Purpose: The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted many facets of life for rural and urban patients with cancer. Here, we characterize the impact of the pandemic on social and health behaviors of rural and urban cancer patients. Methods: N=1,326 adult cancer patients, who visited HCI in the last 4 years and enrolled in either Total Cancer Care or Precision Exercise Prescription studies, completed a COVID-19 survey. The survey was administered between Aug and Sept 2020 and included questions on demographic and clinical information as well as employment status, health behaviors, and COVID-19 prevention measures. Results: The mean age was 61 (19-92) years, with 54% female, 97% non-Hispanic White, 80% stage I-III, 42% employed full or part-time, 25% living in rural counties, and 85% reporting good to excellent overall health. Cancer patients in rural compared to urban counties were more likely to be older (rural=63 vs. urban=60 years;p=0.01), retired or not employed (rural=63% vs. urban=56%;p=0.04), not have health insurance coverage (rural=4% vs. urban=2%;p=0.01), and have ever smoked (rural=35% vs. urban=24%;p=0.001). However, urban patients reported “somewhat” to “a lot” of change in their daily lives more frequently than rural patients (urban=86% vs. rural=77%;p<0.001), but there were no differences in change in social interaction or feeling lonely between populations. Changes in health behaviors namely exercise habits due to the pandemic were more common in patients residing in urban vs. rural counties (urban=51% vs. rural=39%;p<0.001), with more urban patients either exercising less (urban=23% vs. rural=17%) or more frequently (urban=12% vs. rural=8%);however, there were no significant differences with respect to changes in alcohol consumption between these groups. In terms of prevention measures, urban patients compared to rural patients were more likely to use face masks “fairly” or “very often” (urban=94% vs. rural=83%;p<0.001) and also felt they were more likely to contract a COVID-19 infection (22% vs. 14%;p=0.003), but there were no differences for other risk mitigation behaviors, such as hand sanitizer use. Conclusion: These findings suggest that the first 6 months of the COVID-19 pandemic had disparate effects on cancer patients living in rural and urban counties. Rural patients were more likely to have risk factors associated with poor health outcomes, such as not having health insurance coverage and having a history of smoking. However, urban patients were more likely to experience larger changes in their daily lives and exercise habits. Urban patients were more likely to follow preventive measures (e.g., wearing face masks) and felt they were at a greater risk of contracting the virus. Further research is needed to better characterize the pandemic's short- and long-term effects on cancer patients in rural and urban settings and appropriate interventions.

15.
Clinical Cancer Research ; 27(6 SUPPL 1), 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1816908

ABSTRACT

Background and Purpose: Until a vaccine is widely available, adherence to COVID-19 preventive behaviors is the most effective way to prevent the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic. While there is a general paucity of information on COVID-19 infection and its impact on cancer patients, immunocompromised individuals, such as cancer patients, are likely at greater risk for both COVID-19 morbidity and mortality. In addition, a cancer diagnosis can cause stress, anxiety, depression, psychological distress, and poor quality of life. While the recommendations for COVID-19 parallel the common recommendations for managing infection risk, the enhanced social isolation and limited social distancing can be even more difficult for patients resulting in increased risk for psychological distress and deteriorations in health outcomes. Depressive disorders frequently result in substantial functional impairment, as well as increased emotional, economic, and productivity costs. It is important to understand how the COVID-19 pandemic impacts psychological and psychosocial factors, as well as health behaviors of cancer patients and survivors, and how various contextual factors may play risk and protective roles. The purpose of this study, therefore, is to determine differences in stress, mental health and coping behaviors, and adherence to COVID-19 preventive behaviors during the COVID-19 pandemic among three groups of adults (in active cancer treatment, cancer survivors, and those without a history of cancer). This study focuses on determining how sociodemographic characteristics and cancer status influence COVID-19 mental health/coping mechanisms, as well as how mental health/coping mechanisms and cancer status may predict adherence to preventive COVID-19 behaviors. Methods: Panel survey firm Qualtrics was used to administer an online survey among 897 U.S. adults in May of 2020. Quota sampling was utilized to ensure a sample consisting of approximately one-third: cancer patients currently in treatment (32.0%, n = 287), cancer survivors not currently in treatment (33.6%, n=301), and respondents with no cancer history (34.4%, n = 309). Survey items assessed demographic variables, depression, coping, and adherence to COVID-19 preventive behaviors. Results and Discussion: Preliminary analyses show that cancer patients report higher levels of depressive symptoms than survivors and the control group. In addition, cancer patients in active treatment use both avoidance and approach-focused coping more frequently than both survivors and the control group. Regression analyses show that avoidance coping predicts lower adherence to COVID-19 preventive behaviors, while approach-focused coping predicts higher adherence. Analyses are ongoing.

16.
Translational Issues in Psychological Science ; : No Pagination Specified, 2022.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-1815499

ABSTRACT

As the COVID-19 pandemic continues to rage worldwide, the implementation of multiple behavioral measures has become increasingly relevant (e.g., mask wearing, social distancing, and adequate room ventilation). Several studies have indicated that perceived effectiveness is a critical determinant of individuals' compliance with these protective measures. This study defines perceived effectiveness as a subjective evaluation of one's probable reduction of chances of being infected with COVID-19. Implementing a combination of behavioral measures, rather than only 1, is more effective;therefore, individuals should evaluate the effectiveness of the combination as higher than that of a single behavior. However, the "less-is-better" effect predicts that people evaluate a set of measures as less effective than the most effective one, even though the latter is included in the set. Our 4 studies (total N = 1,401) examined whether the "less-is-better" effect occurred in participants' evaluation of the effectiveness of behavioral measures against COVID-19 infection. Participants scored the effectiveness of 8 preventive measures, followed by the combination of these measures. The results consistently showed that the effectiveness of multilayered behaviors was rated lower than that of the highest-evaluated individual behavior, showing the robustness of the "less-is-better" effect in evaluating the effectiveness of behaviors for infection prevention. However, in Study 4, a brief message about the effectiveness of multiple measures slightly reduced this effect. These findings have meaningful implications for public health risk communication about perception bias as well as ways to reduce bias against protection measures. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved) Impact Statement Study findings consistently showed that individuals evaluated the effectiveness of a combination of multiple behavioral measures as lower than that of a single measure perceived as the most effective, even though that measure was included in the combined behaviors. This outcome suggests that people misunderstand the implementation of multilayered preventive behaviors as less effective, despite them reducing infection risk more than a single best behavior. This misunderstanding is a barrier to controlling the spread of infection. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

17.
Soc Work Public Health ; : 1-12, 2022 Apr 28.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1815897

ABSTRACT

The research used an online, convenience cross-sectional sample of adults aged ≥18 years old recruited from Shahroud County, Northeast of Iran. We measured the contribution of multiple determinants for association with behavioral compliance, at the time of the COVID-19 pandemic. The compliance score measured with this questionnaire can be within a range of 5 and 100. Compliance was bounded between 19 and 80 that has been distributed J-shape, so quantile logistic regression model has been fitted for that. Variables related to people's knowledge, including self-reported knowledge and following the news related to COVID-19, were the two main factors that accompanied behavioral compliance at all of its levels in the period of pandemic.

18.
Journal of Medical Internet Research Vol 23(8), 2021, ArtID e28249 ; 23(8), 2021.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-1812989

ABSTRACT

Background: One of the successful measures to curb COVID-19 spread in large populations is the implementation of a movement restriction order. Globally, it was observed that countries implementing strict movement control were more successful in controlling the spread of the virus as compared with those with less stringent measures. Society's adherence to the movement control order has helped expedite the process to flatten the pandemic curve as seen in countries such as China and Malaysia. At the same time, there are countries facing challenges with society's nonconformity toward movement restriction orders due to various claims such as human rights violations as well as sociocultural and economic issues. In Indonesia, society's adherence to its large-scale social restrictions (LSSRs) order is also a challenge to achieve. Indonesia is regarded as among the worst in Southeast Asian countries in terms of managing the spread of COVID-19. It is proven by the increased number of daily confirmed cases and the total number of deaths, which was more than 6.21% (1351/21,745) of total active cases as of May 2020. Objective: The aim of this study was to explore public sentiments and emotions toward the LSSR and identify issues, fear, and reluctance to observe this restriction among the Indonesian public. Methods: This study adopts a sentiment analysis method with a supervised machine learning approach on COVID-19-related posts on selected media platforms (Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, and YouTube). The analysis was also performed on COVID-19-related news contained in more than 500 online news platforms recognized by the Indonesian Press Council. Social media posts and news originating from Indonesian online media between March 31 and May 31, 2020, were analyzed. Emotion analysis on Twitter platform was also performed to identify collective public emotions toward the LSSR. Results: The study found that positive sentiment surpasses other sentiment categories by 51.84% (n = 1,002,947) of the total data (N = 1,934,596) collected via the search engine. Negative sentiment was recorded at 35.51% (686,892/1,934,596) and neutral sentiment at 12.65% (244,757/1,934,596). The analysis of Twitter posts also showed that the majority of public have the emotion of "trust" toward the LSSR. Conclusions: Public sentiment toward the LSSR appeared to be positive despite doubts on government consistency in executing the LSSR. The emotion analysis also concluded that the majority of people believe in LSSR as the best method to break the chain of COVID-19 transmission. Overall, Indonesians showed trust and expressed hope toward the government's ability to manage this current global health crisis and win against COVID-19. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

19.
Journal of International Women's Studies ; 23(3):136-151, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1812584

ABSTRACT

This study examined the public health measures adopted by the Jordanian government that contributed to stemming the spread of the pandemic and the impact of these measures on the behavior patterns of families. Content analysis was used with 117 news briefs, and interviews were conducted with 20 families identified through snowball sampling. Ecological systems theory and a public health model are used to frame our understanding of the results. We found themes from interviews that included a shift to online education, use of social media, changes in consumer behavior, and social initiatives.

20.
Curr Psychol ; : 1-12, 2021 Oct 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1813852

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 has disrupted the lives of families across the United States and all over the world. Stress is known to have a negative impact on parent-child feeding interactions; hence, the purpose of this study is to examine how COVID-related parenting stress, which was measured using a newly developed scale, is related to parent mental health, nonresponsive feeding, and children's self-regulation of eating. 119 parents of children ages 2-7 years old filled out questions about COVID-related parenting stress, mental health, nonresponsive feeding behaviors, and children's self-regulation of eating. A series of multiple regressions were run to predict parent anxiety and psychological distress from COVID-related parenting stress. COVID-related parenting stress was found to be a significant predictor of both parent anxiety and psychological distress. When COVID-related parenting stress was further broken down into COVID-Related Job/Financial Security Stress and COVID-Related Family Safety/Stability Stress, COVID-Related Job/Financial Security Stress predicted psychological distress while COVID-Related Family Safety/Stability Stress predicted parent anxiety. Moderation analyses were also run to test the difference across the parents of children under 5 years of age and those of children who were 5 years of age and older regarding the association of COVID-related parenting stress and either parent anxiety or psychological distress. There was no significant difference across age. Lastly, COVID-related parenting stress and nonresponsive feeding practices were simultaneously entered into a multiple regression to predict children's self-regulation of eating, and COVID-related parenting stress and parent distrust in appetite were both found to decrease children's ability to self-regulate energy intake. Based on findings from this study, researchers interested in improving children's self-regulation of eating and long-term health outcomes should continue to target the reduction of nonresponsive parent feeding behaviors, but they should also aim to look beyond specific parent feeding behaviors by attempting to help parents manage stressors in their lives. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1007/s12144-021-02333-y.

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