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1.
Disease Surveillance ; 37(2):151-153, 2022.
Article in Chinese | GIM | ID: covidwho-1849846

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the risk of public health emergencies, both the indigenous ones and the imported ones, which might occur in the mainland of China in February 2022.

2.
International Journal of Sport Finance ; 17:3, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2146428

ABSTRACT

This study investigates the impact of restricted crowds caused by the COVID-19 pandemic on the margin of victory of games in the NBA. Using 12,500 game-level observations from 11 NBA seasons from 2010/11 to 2020/21, the study first shows that during the COVID-19 season of 2020/21, games had a greater average margin of victory than any of the prior seasons. Regression results reveal that games played in front of restricted crowds were more likely to be won by a margin of 15, 20, or 25 points than games played in front of non-restricted crowds. The results indicate similar effects for games played in an empty arena or in front of a small crowd. Implications for the NBA and other major team sports leagues are discussed.

3.
Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology ; 15(1):319-328, 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-2124714

ABSTRACT

Background: SARS-CoV-2 is known to infect the testes and reduce the quality of spermatozoa so that it is at risk of causing male infertility. Data related to the effect of SARS-CoV-2 infection on sperm parameters from Southeast Asia, especially Indonesia, are still very limited, so it is necessary to investigate further which parameters are most affected by COVID-19. Destination: This study aims to compare the concentration, motility, morphology, and DNA fragmentation of spermatozoa in the COVID-19 survivor group and the non-COVID-19 survivor group in Indonesia. Method: This research was conducted at two fertility centers in Indonesia, namely BOCAH Indonesia, Primaya Hospital Tangerang, and the Laboratory of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Airlangga University, Surabaya. The research subjects were taken from two groups of volunteers, COVID-19 survivors, and non-COVID-19 survivors. The semen analysis was carried out including for all samples, including concentration, motility, and morphology-based on guidelines from the World Health Organization (WHO) 2010. Meanwhile, spermatozoa DNA fragmentation was assessed using the sperm chromatin dispersion (SCD) method.

4.
Journal of Clinical and Basic Research ; 6(1):37-45, 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-2057220

ABSTRACT

Background and objectives: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is one of the most important healthcare and social challenges. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) on depression and quality of life among women with chronic pain during the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown.

5.
Journal of Guilan University of Medical Sciences ; 30(2), 2021.
Article in Persian | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2057029

ABSTRACT

The current study sought to examine the clinical, laboratory, and imaging aspects of COVID-19-positive critically sick patients who were admitted to the intensive care units (ICUs) at three hospitals in Rash City, Iran. The goal of this retrospective study was to examine 138 COVID-19 patients who had been hospitalized to the intensive care unit. Data on the study participants' demographics, underlying diseases, laboratory and imaging results, and prognosis of the diseases were taken from their medical records. 138 COVID-19 patients who were hospitalised to the intensive care unit were the subject of this retrospective analysis. Patient records were used to extract information about the patient, including demographic details, underlying diseases, laboratory and imaging results, and disease outcomes. The majority of the patients in this study were male and between the ages of 55 and 69. The most prevalent underlying conditions were diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and chronic heart disease;the most prevalent symptoms were shortness of breath, fever, and cough. The most prevalent lung Computer Tomography (CT) scan finding was ground glass opacities, and the most frequent laboratory findings in the study participants were an increase in LDH, ESR, CRP, neutrophil percentage, and lymphopenia. A 90.58% fatality rate was recorded. This study showed that the majority of patients with severe disease presentations were older, had a history of underlying disease, symptoms of shortness of breath, cough, and fever, substantial lung involvement in imaging, and altered laboratory findings. Despite medical treatment and mechanical ventilation, mortality remained high.

6.
Acta Scientiarum Polonorum Administratio Locorum ; 21(3):355-377, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2057015

ABSTRACT

Motives: It is expected that COVID-19 pandemic will impact future design, use and perception of urban green spaces such as public parks. How to facilitate residents' safe use of the urban green spaces and reduce health risks has become important question to consider by landscape architects and municipal authorities responsible for the public green areas resources. This research focuses on examination of urban parks of a typical residential district of a large city in terms of their security in time of COVID-19 pandemic. Aim: In urban parks of Ursynow district in Warsaw were assessed: quality and present security and possibilities of re-adjustments to increase their security.

7.
Revista de Investigacion en Agroproduccion Sustentable ; 6(1):1-9, 2022.
Article in Spanish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2056879

ABSTRACT

Efficiency in shrimp farming is due to the use of an extensive system that includes fewer larvae per pool, which increases productivity, improves financial results, and even the environmental impacts generated during these operations. The objective of this study was to identify the factors that affect supply in the Ecuadorian shrimp sector. To this end, some statistical techniques such as linear regression and hypothesis testing were used. A bibliographic study was carried out regarding shrimp production in Ecuador, taking as reference the data provided by the National Chamber of Aquaculture and public control entities and reviewing the unprecedented impact on the current COVID19 sanitary crisis and the reduction of shrimp demand affecting Ecuador's income. Finally, it was observed that the research variables considered directly impact crustacean production, and a mathematical model was established.

8.
Dermatologia, Revista Mexicana ; 66(1):16-24, 2022.
Article in Spanish | GIM | ID: covidwho-2056849

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: During the pandemic, the use of multiple products for disinfection and prevention of COVID-19 transmission was widespread, many of them topically administered. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and factors associated with the perception and use of topical products for the prevention of COVID-19 in Peruvian populations., MATERIALS AND METHODS: Analytical cross-sectional study of secondary data analysis was done applying a survey to Peruvian adults, who were asked about the belief or use of different products, according to whether they believed in or used at least one of them. In addition, the association was sought according to socio-educational and occupational characteristics. RESULTS: There were included 3509 participants. The product that they perceived the most that could prevent COVID-19 was the mixture of 4% sodium hypochlorite, vinegar and alcohol (37%), but the one they used the most was 4% sodium hypochlorite (11%). In the multivariate analysis, it was found that women were those who had a positive perception of the topical use of these products (p value < 0.001), adjusted for the marital status of the respondents. However, when the use was analyzed, women were the ones who used these products the least (p value = 0.028), those who were working used these products the most (p value = 0.010). CONCLUSIONS: The results show that the Peruvian population does not perceive or use topical products to prevent COVID-19.

9.
Environmental Science & Technology ; 44(8):82-90, 2021.
Article in Chinese, English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2056700

ABSTRACT

In order to trace and monitor the atmospheric heavy metal pollution in Xichang City, an investigation activity was carried out with a sort of moss (Taxiphyllum taxirameum) (packed in moss bags) as a biological indicator for monitoring heavy metal pollution. The investigation was conducted from the period from April 2019 to April 2020, during which two grave emergency events occurred during spring monitoring period from January 15 to April 15, 2020, i.e., COVID-19 and "3.30"severe forest fire in Xichang, which inevitably affected the atmospheric quality. Based on the concentration analysis of 12 kinds of heavy metal, including Al, Cr, Fe, Cu, Ni, Pb, Mn, Hg, Zn, V, As and Ba contained in the moss and the local meteorological data, comparing those informative data before and after the time when the emergency events toke place, the paper made an analysis on the impacts of two enormous emergency events on the air pollution of heavy metal in Xichang. The results showed that total amount of enrichment of above-mentioned 12 heavy metals in spring (January 15 to April 15, 2020) is (12.85 +or- 1.57) mg/g, which was significantly higher than in the other three seasons (p < 0.01), but no significant discrepancies about the total enrichment amount in the other three seasons (p > 0.05). Primarily because of COVID-19 pandemic, the level of motor vehicles emissions cut down, and the decrease of the tourism in the related areas perhaps causing the decline of pollution of Pb. In addition, the decrease of unbalanced emission of pollutants led to a noted increase of atmospheric oxidation in urban area, thus boosting the formation of secondary particulate matter, and the particulate matter from surrounding industrial sources was transported into the urban area;as a result, remarkable increases of Hg concentration of moss within the moss bags were detected downwind the industrial area located in the urban fringe. Consequently, the investigation showed that the moss-bag method is an effective biological tool for monitoring air heavy metal pollution, which could reflect the impacts of major pollution events on air quality.

10.
Saude e Pesquisa ; 14(2):333-340, 2021.
Article in Portuguese, English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2056619

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to identify the incidence of COVID-19 according to the positivity of the rapid tests and the associated factors in the population of the state of Para. This is a cross-sectional, analytical, retrospective study, developed with cases of COVID-19 in individuals notified and residing in the state of Para. Information was collected on the State Transparency Portal. Positivity for rapid tests of the disease was considered as the outcome variable. Logistic regression analysis was applied to identify associations between variables. The incidence of COVID-19 was 46% (95% CI: 45.7-46.2). Being male, over 80 years old and waiting 22 days or more to perform the tests after the onset of symptoms increased the chances for a positive result. It can be concluded that there is a high incidence of COVID-19 in the state. Non-pharmacological measures and case tracking strategies are important alternatives to mitigate the pandemic.

11.
Saude e Pesquisa ; 14(2):247-259, 2021.
Article in Portuguese, English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2056618

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to assess the quality of life (QOL) of dental students in the 2019 Coronavirus Disease pandemic (COVID-19). A cross-sectional study was carried out with undergraduate students in Dentistry from Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) in the state of Ceara, Brazil. Data collection took place in May 2020, online, using questionnaires with sociodemographic, course-related and behavioral variables, in addition to the World Health Organization Questionnaire for Quality of Life-bref (WHOQOL-bref). Multinomial logistic regression was performed. 864 students participated in this study. Variables such as higher income (p = 0.034), having religion (p = 0.010), having health insurance (p = 0.005), satisfaction with sleep quality (p < 0.001), absence of insomnia (p < 0.001) and practicing physical activity always (p < 0.001) were associated with greater satisfaction regarding QOL. The QoL of dental students was classified in the dissatisfaction category, being perhaps impacted by the pandemic of COVID-19. Variables that reflected a more economically favorable living condition were associated with satisfaction with the quality of life of this public in the COVID-19 pandemic.

12.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; 43(7):1061-1065, 2022.
Article in Chinese | GIM | ID: covidwho-2056575

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate mental health and its associated factors in college students during COVID-19 confinement in campus, and to provide a scientific basis for mental health education.

13.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; 43(7):1055-1060, 2022.
Article in Chinese | GIM | ID: covidwho-2056574

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the prevalence and related factors of depressive symptoms in Chinese college students before and after the COVID-19 epidemic and to provide a reference for mental health education and management.

14.
Journal of Chongqing Medical University ; 45(7):1031-1033, 2020.
Article in Chinese | GIM | ID: covidwho-2056460

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to analyze the effect of sterilization and disinfection procedures at two different levels before entering the residence of medical rescue teams fighting against coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19) in infection prevention and control. A total of 160 medical team members who came from our hospital to aid Wuhan were taken as study objects. During that period implementing two different procedures, their temperature, health condition, nucleic acid testing results and adverse reports were analyzed. The number of adverse reports was 0 during 10 days when high-intensity disinfection procedures were implemented. Before the simplified procedure put into use, there were 8 cases about psychological acceptance in the first seven days;the simplified procedure was carried out when there was no adverse reports 7 days later. During the isolation period, the body temperature was monitored twice a day, without any abnormality;two nucleic acid testing results were both negative. The simplified process is a more scientific and reasonable disinfection process. Confronted with the prevention and control of the COVID-19, we must maintain a scientific and rational attitude and adopt right and reasonable measures, which is more conducive to security.

15.
Journal of Chongqing Medical University ; 45(7):1019-1022, 2020.
Article in Chinese | GIM | ID: covidwho-2056459

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the chest imaging finding of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in rehabilitation period. The clinical and imaging data of 80 patients with COVID-19 diagnosed as common type by the First People's Hospital of Xiaogan City, Hubei Province from 21 January 2020 to 23 February 2020 were collected. The discharge standard of the convalescent stage contained body temperature returned to normal over 3 days, significant improvement of respiratory tract symptoms and obviously absorbed inflammation as well as two negative consecutive respiratory tract pathogenic nucleic acid tests showed by the pulmonary imaging. HRCT manifestations of patients were dynamically observed and were compared with those at the time of admission. Typical syndrome and lesion distribution and morphology at convalescence stage were observed. HRCT of COVID-19 patients in convalescent period showed that the absorption of "fly swatter breaking sign" and "water inclusion sign" was decreased, with earlier and more obvious absorption of water inclusion sign. Compared with HRCT at the time of admission, localized patchy ground glass foci in the dorsolateral or posterior basal segments of both lungs, multi segmented ground glass density foci and diffusely distributed ground glass foci in the convalescent stage were obvious, the remaining interlobular interstitial and interlobular septal thickening, subpleural are shadow and irregular fibrous cord shadow foci among some patients were found and no obvious mediastinal lymphadenopathy and pleural effusion were found. The decrease of absorption of "broken fly swatter sign" and "wrapped water pipe sign" is a typical manifestation of the improvement of the general COVID-19 in the rehabilitation period. In the rehabilitation period, the discharged patients often left ground glass like changes, thickening of interlobular septum and/or interlobular septum, subpleural are shadow and residual interstitial inflammation. Only by popularizing HRCT in the clinical follow-up can effectively observe the dynamic changes of residual lesions, reduce the residual lesions and lower the risk of developing interstitial fibrosis.

16.
Journal of Fungal Research ; 19(1):1-5, 2021.
Article in Chinese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2056454

ABSTRACT

The paper reviews and summarizes the development and current situation of China's edible fungi industry. The impact of the coronavirus epidemic on the edible fungus industry is analyzed, and the new opportunities and challenges of the mushroom industry are discussed. The new path of the development of edible fungi industry in the post epidemic era is expounded, and the direction for the sustainable development of edible fungi industry in China is also pointed out.

18.
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanita ; 56(3):378-389, 2020.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-2055978

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The study was implemented to provide guidance to decision-makers and clinicians by describing hospital care offered to women who gave birth with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection. Materials and methods: National population-based prospective cohort study involving all women with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection who gave birth between February 25 and April 22, 2020 in any Italian hospital.

19.
Science & Technology Review ; 39(15):135-141, 2021.
Article in Chinese | GIM | ID: covidwho-2055556

ABSTRACT

In early 2020, COVID-19 outbroke in many countries around the world. Governments of various countries have since adopted diversified prevention and control measures to control the epidemic. Among them, AI has been an important auxiliary means that plays a unique role in prevention and control of COVID-19. The practical scenarios of AI assisting the prevention and control of COVID-19 have been focused on research field, mainly including epidemic monitoring and early warning, medical diagnosis, virus and drug research and development. The application of AI technology has significant effects on controlling the spread of the epidemic, alleviating the pressure of diagnosis and treatment and improving the efficiency of research and development. At the same time, AI is still facing practical problems such as regulations and ethics, data security, and algorithmic bias. Based on this, suggestions such as perfecting laws and regulations, ensuring data security, and strengthening talent training are proposed.

20.
Journal of Modern Laboratory Medicine ; 36(5):105-109, 2021.
Article in Chinese | GIM | ID: covidwho-2055553

ABSTRACT

The article's objective was to assess the clinical diagnostic utility of plasma levels of CRP, PCT, and IL-6 in individuals with COVID-19 both alone and in combination. Results showed that according to the ROC curve, PCT and CRP were highly valuable in the diagnosis of COVID-19, and CRP was most valuable in the evaluation of patients with severe and critical COVID-19. The combined detection of the three indexes might increase the evaluation's effectiveness. When evaluating COVID-19 patients who were in severe condition, IL-6 demonstrated a strong predictive value. Therefore, combining the three indicators may increase the diagnostic efficiency and provide crucial reference values for the clinical diagnosis and treatment of COVID-19. CRP, PCT, and IL-6 levels may be potential biomarkers for the diagnosis of COVID-19 and can be used to determine the severity of COVID-19.

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