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1.
Food Research ; 6(3):178-186, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2010592

ABSTRACT

Metabolic syndrome is not a disease but is a set of several disorders and causes an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus complications. Several studies have shown that non-invasive approaches such as anthropometric measurements can be used for the early detection of metabolic syndrome. This study aimed to analyse the anthropometric indicators related to metabolic syndrome in female college students. The design of this research was cross sectional, with the number of subjects involved were as many as 163 female college students aged 19 to 24 years old. Purposive sampling was used in the sampling of this research. The independent variables in this study were the Waist-to-Height Ratio (WHtR), Waist-Hip Ratio (WHR), Body Mass Index (BMI), Sagittal Abdominal Diameter (SAD), and hip circumference. The dependent variable in this study is the metabolic syndrome component that has been converted into a metabolic syndrome score (cMetS). The analysis results showed that all anthropometric indicators, namely WHtR, BMI, SAD, waist circumference, hip circumference and WHR have a strong positive relationship with the metabolic syndrome score (p<0.001). BMI was the anthropometric indicator that is most associated with the metabolic profiles, such as systolic blood pressure (p<0.001), blood sugar (p<0.05), and HDL (p<0.001). Waist circumference was the anthropometric indicator that is most associated with triglycerides and metabolic syndrome score (p<0.001). Metabolic syndrome in female college students can be identified using anthropometric measurements, one of which is BMI and WHR which are very easy to measure and efficient. BMI and WHR have the strongest relationship and can be used to detect early risk of metabolic syndrome in female college students.

2.
International Journal of Morphology ; 40(3):657-661, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1997910

ABSTRACT

Anthropometry is essential to understand the predisposition of an athlete to practice a specific sporting activity, to assess their fitness, and in association with functional parameters, to identify any correlations between their anthropometric profile and their sport performance. Here, we present the anthropometric profiles of athletes of the Italian national teams, who represented Italy in the 2019-2020 competitive season in the following sports: artistic (n=4) and rhythmic (n=12) gymnastics;distance swimming (speciality: 100 m freestyle) (n=14);synchronized swimming (n=10);and basketball (n=6). We also consider a group of sedentary women (n=22) for comparisons. The following anthropometric measurements were taken for each woman: stature;anterior trunk height (i.e., suprasternal-symphysion distance);chest circumference passing through the mesosternal point;biacromial diameter (i.e., akromion-akromion distance);wrist circumference;abdominal circumference passing through the omphalion and the lumbale;hip circumference;height of lower limb (i.e., epitrochanter-planta distance). Height was a selective factor in both basketball, which requires tall athletes, and artistic gymnastics, where in contrast, well-muscled athletes of small stature are required. In aquatic sports, the constitutional habitus is characterized by good development of the upper body compared to the lower limbs. The selection of elite athletes takes place primarily through anthropometric analyses, although other functional and psychological factors also influence their sports performance.

3.
Hepatology International ; 16:S269-S270, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1995876

ABSTRACT

Objectives: Worldwide, the COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in lifestyle disruptions, with lockdowns and curtailed activities. This was acutely felt in Asia from February 2020 onwards. Such drastic changes in lifestyle habits may impact negatively on metabolic related diseases. We explored these changes and their effects in patients with metabolic associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD). Materials and Methods: The data of MAFLD patients who were prospectively enrolled from eleven Asian centres in a longitudinal cohort study were analyzed. The data from 1st January 2019 (pre- COVID-19), were compared with the data from 1st February 2020 onwards (during COVID-19). Patients were stratified by physical activity level and whether they met target recommendation of[ 150 min of moderate/vigorous exercise per week. Results: A total of 229 patients were evaluated. Mean age was 59 ± 9.6 years with 136 (59.4%) males. During the COVID-19 pandemic, 50 (21.8%) patients maintained moderate/vigorous exercise, while 28 (12.2%) and 33 (14.4%) patients started and stopped moderate/vigorous exercising respectively. 118 patients (51.5%) did not participate in moderate/vigorous exercise either before or during the pandemic. Seventy-eight (34.1%) patients achieved[150 min moderate/vigorous exercise per week at the last visit. With the onset of COVID-19, reduction of physical activity of any kind was demonstrated in the majority (65.9%) of patients. There was a reduction of any physical activity including walking amongst those who stopped moderate/vigorous exercise and those without moderate/ vigorous exercise throughout. No significant changes in BMI, waist or hip circumference were observed in any activity level group. In patients who stopped moderate/vigorous exercise, alanine transaminase and aspartate transaminase significantly increased by 18.5% and 14.8% respectively. Conclusion: Stoppage of moderate/vigorous exercise leads to worsening of liver enzymes in patients with MAFLD and may have deleterious effects long term. As we adapt to live with COVID endemicity, novel modified healthy lifestyle habits would be needed to manage MAFLD.

4.
Progress in Nutrition ; 24(1), 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1819020

ABSTRACT

Objective: Body dissatisfaction is an increasing problem in adolescents, and it is thought that mindful eating and body image are related. These problems have become more serious during the pandemic period. This current study was carried out to examine the relationship between adolescents’ mindful eating, body image, and anthropometric measurements during COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: A total of 200 adolescents (100 boys and 100 girls) aged 11-17 years, were involved in the study. The data were collected by the researcher using the face-to-face interview method through a questionnaire. The Mindful Eating Questionnaire was used to determine mindful eating. The Stunkard body image scale was employed to evaluate the body image of individuals, and all anthropometric measurements were made by the researcher in accordance with technique. Results: The mean age of the individuals was 14.2±2.04 years, and more than half (52%) attended high school. 60.0% of obese boys and 38.0% of obese girls considered themselves obese. A statistically significant difference was found depending on gender in terms of body perception (p<0.05). No significant difference was found between the mindful eating scores of participants according to their body perception (p>0.05). A negative statistically significant correlation was determined between the total mindful eating score of those who described themselves as underweight, overweight, and obese, and BMI (kg/m2), waist circumference (cm), hip circumference (cm), and body fat (%) (p<0.05). It was also found there were negative significant relationships between mindful eating subscales, anthropometric measurements, and BMI (p<0.05). Conclusion: It was concluded that body image in adolescents was affected by gender and BMI, and anthropometric measurements were associated with mindful eating.

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