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1.
Canadian Journal of Latin American & Caribbean Studies ; JOUR(3):415-435, 47.
Article in Portuguese | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2106906

ABSTRACT

RESUMENDurante el período de pandemia (COVID-19), oficialmente reconocido en marzo 2020, hubo un aumento de casos de violencia de género en países como Chile y Argentina. Sólo unos meses antes, en noviembre 2019, el colectivo chileno LASTESIS había salido al espacio público precisamente para denunciar la violencia en contra de las mujeres, ello con su “Un violador en tu camino”. Como acto artístico-político, la performance permitió elucidar y divulgar tanto a nivel local como internacional la teorización feminista de carácter decolonial, estableciendo un diálogo directo, por ejemplo, con la obra de Rita Segato. Mediante un proceso de retroalimentación, la propuesta se ha transformado en un himno de empoderamiento de carácter social e inclusivo. Inscripto en una perspectiva feminista-decolonial, este artículo contextualiza la performance y examina las réplicas del Movimiento de Sordes Feministas Argentina (MOSFA), de la Colectiva NiUnaMenos Tilcara-Maimara de Jujuy (Argentina) y de la diáspora latinoamericana en Auckland (Nueva Zelanda). Se sostiene que, al irse corporeizando como un nuevo espacio de resistencia feminista, decolonial y contestario de la violencia de género, la performance denuncia el feminicidio a nivel local e internacional, visualizando y problematizando el femigenocio.

2.
Public Health ; 213: 47-53, 2022 Sep 29.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2105781

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The current health emergency caused by COVID-19 disease shows several correspondences with well-known epidemics of the past. The knowledge of their management and overcoming could give us useful tools to face the present COVID-19 pandemic and future epidemics. STUDY DESIGN: On 1 March 1801, the first smallpox vaccinations were carried out in Palermo, and a few weeks later, the vaccine was also administered in Naples and the various provinces of the Kingdom. We aim to study the mass vaccination programme initiated by the Bourbon king Ferdinand IV that was the first large-scale campaign to be conducted in Italy and one of the first in Europe. METHODS: The authors searched and examined historical testimony and different aspects linked to the public health issues on vaccination. It is a topical topic in the current period with the COVID pandemic. RESULTS: Albeit with the due differences determined by the passage of time and by the scientific and cultural advances of modern society, this testimony from the past can provide us with food for thought regarding how to face the present COVID-19 pandemic and to prepare for the future. Indeed, it shows us how the terrible smallpox epidemic was handled and finally overcome, thanks to vaccination.

3.
Herald of an Archivist ; JOUR(3): 916-928,
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2100886

ABSTRACT

The article analyzes unpublished sources stored in the Russian State Archive of Economics (RGAE), the State Archive of the Russian Federation (GARF), and the Russian State Archive in Samara (RGA v Samare) to determine the representativeness of these documents in reconstruction of the scientific biography of the Soviet microbiologist Zinaida Vissarionovna Ermolieva (1898-1974). The coronavirus pandemic, which has engulfed all the humanity, has changed the vector of biomedical research subjects. In this regard, one of the important tasks of humanitarian researchers is to update historical knowledge about extreme periods. The task of studying the life and work of Soviet scientists who made a significant contribution to studying epidemic diseases and fighting them seems significant. Scar.ity of publications devoted to the activities of Z. V. Ermolyeva means that an extensive layer of unpublished documents remains out of view of researchers. Source analysis, archival heuristics, and historical-comparative method permit to conduct research and to assess the informative value of different types of documents for comprehensive reconstruction of Z. V. Ermolyeva's scientific fate. In the RGAE, a great number of documents is concentrated in the scientist's personal fond, its analysis shows that official, scientific, and personal documents are stored there. In addition to text documents, there are photos of Zinaida Vissarionovna with her colleagues in various scientific institutions which are of great interest. Some official documents also provide personal information. In the GARF, documents on this topic are dispersed in different fonds. The fond of the All-Union Institute of Experimental Medicine, where Z. V. Ermolyeva worked, contains information on preparation of first Soviet penicillin and launch of its production. The fond of the People's Commissariat of Health of the USSR permits to follow the discussion of her scientific works at its Scientific Medical Council meetings. The documents of the Committee for the Assistance of Scientists under the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR help to reconstruct elements of material support provided to Ermolyeva in the 1930s. Among the sources stored in the RGA in Samara, of interest are application documents for inventions, in which Zinaida Vissarionovna participated. They show the scientist as the author of inventions and scientific discoveries. The analysis demonstrates that conjunctive use of documents from federal archives showcase multifaceted activities of the well-known microbiologist.

4.
The Public Historian ; JOUR(4):147-168, 44.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2098876

ABSTRACT

Plimoth Patuxet Museums is known for its living history sites depicting the seventeenth-century Pilgrim settlement of Plymouth and the Wampanoag settlement of Patuxet. With the 400th anniversary of Mayflower’s arrival, the museum recommitted itself to presenting archaeology. Because of the challenges of publicly interpreting archaeology, the broad swath of time covered by archaeology, and the reality that most guests know little about either Indigenous history or archaeology, integrating archaeological programming into the living history format proved challenging, exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic. By employing a multipronged physical and digital approach, the authors have found some success in bringing a more nuanced understanding of archaeology to the institution’s stakeholders.

5.
J Law Med Ethics ; 49(1): 89-91, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2096544
6.
Subst Use Misuse ; : 1-4, 2022 Oct 28.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2097094

ABSTRACT

Background: Accidental opioid-involved overdose deaths are increasing nationally in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic, but it is unclear if this reflects a change in populations most at risk. Objective: To determine whether the demographic characteristics and controlled substance prescription history of accidental opioid-involved drug overdose decedents in 2020 differed from prior years. Methods: We identified accidental opioid-involved overdose decedents using Rhode Island (RI) State Medical Examiner's Office data. Decedents were linked to the RI Prescription Drug Monitoring Program database. We compared demographic characteristics and prescription history by year of death. Results: From 2018 to 2020, 763 RI residents died from accidental opioid-involved overdose in RI. From 2018 to 2019, deaths decreased by 7%, but then increased by 31% from 2019 to 2020. Demographic characteristics were similar by year of death (all p > 0.05). The percentage of decedents with a prior opioid prescription and a prior benzodiazepine prescription declined from 2018 to 2020 (p < 0.01 and p = 0.03). Conclusions: We found that opioid-involved overdose deaths in RI are increasing overall, but without significant changes in demographics. While prior exposure to some controlled substances did decline over time, it is not clear if these changes reflect more responsible prescribing practices, or a more concerning pattern such as patient abandonment or decreased healthcare access. More studies are needed to better describe the current trend of increasing opioid-involved deaths while also pursuing current evidence-based interventions.

7.
Nature ; 610(7933): S48-S49, 2022 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2096650
8.
Bulletin of Latin American Research ; JOUR(3):341-343, 41.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2088144

ABSTRACT

As Latin America emerges scathed from the COVID-19 pandemic, the political pendulum appears to turn once again towards its longstanding calls for greater social inclusion. Inequality, inflation and continuous resource extraction without sufficient inclusiveness – in the forms of mining, expanding export-oriented agriculture or, increasingly, exclusionary approaches to sustainable development through renewable energy projects or the bioeconomy – have all driven social discontent. The region saw remarkable socio-economic progress during the 2000s, but those achievements largely relied on extensive natural resource exploitation in a development strategy sometimes dubbed neo-extractivism. Unequal access to decision-making and skewed distribution of benefits and burdens then fostered significant discontent as well as counter-reactions in many Latin American countries. The end of the so-called pink tide of more progressive governments and the emergence of right-wing populism have only made things tenser in the past years. It might be too early to speak of a new tide of socio-economic progress for the region, but rising commodity prices and the election of various left-leaning presidents since 2020 do give out signals reminiscent of the start of the century. However, it remains to be seen what this new political and economic cycle of Latin America entails for the environment, inclusiveness, and human rights.

9.
Bulletin of Latin American Research ; JOUR(1):3-5, 41.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2088143

ABSTRACT

As Latin America emerges scathed from the COVID-19 pandemic, the political pendulum appears to turn once again towards its longstanding calls for greater social inclusion. Inequality, inflation and continuous resource extraction without sufficient inclusiveness – in the forms of mining, expanding export-oriented agriculture or, increasingly, exclusionary approaches to sustainable development through renewable energy projects or the bioeconomy – have all driven social discontent. The region saw remarkable socio-economic progress during the 2000s, but those achievements largely relied on extensive natural resource exploitation in a development strategy sometimes dubbed neo-extractivism. Unequal access to decision-making and skewed distribution of benefits and burdens then fostered significant discontent as well as counter-reactions in many Latin American countries. The end of the so-called pink tide of more progressive governments and the emergence of right-wing populism have only made things tenser in the past years. It might be too early to speak of a new tide of socio-economic progress for the region, but rising commodity prices and the election of various left-leaning presidents since 2020 do give out signals reminiscent of the start of the century. However, it remains to be seen what this new political and economic cycle of Latin America entails for the environment, inclusiveness, and human rights.

10.
Bulletin of Latin American Research ; JOUR(4):505-507, 41.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2088142

ABSTRACT

The focus of this Special Section stems from research presented in the 2019 PILAS Conference held at the University of York. The conference theme ‘Communities of Knowledge, Communities of Action’ sought to bridge the gap between scholarly research and Latin American activism. The collegial exchange of ideas between a new generation of engaged and innovative researchers at the conference represented a critical alternative to the traditional isolation of academia – a reality that has since been exacerbated and magnified by the impact of the Coronavirus pandemic. This Special Section of the Bulletin of Latin American Research seeks to offer a platform that will advance these new epistemologies and propel the voices of a new generation of engaged scholars.

11.
The Americas ; JOUR(4):712-714, 79.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2087104

ABSTRACT

The authors take a holistic approach to the estallido artístico, covering wall art but also music, performance, and other means of creative expression. [...]they make a great case for the profound and organic relationship between art and activism that exists in Chile. [...]Gordon-Zolov and Zolov also tell us that the Piñera government took advantage of the COVID-19 lockdowns of 2020 to cover up much of this artwork. [...]the book does the important work of documenting and archiving an arts and social movement with its 146 full-color illustrations. [...]Gordon-Zolov and Zolov themselves recognize this limitation early on in their book. [...]I have little doubt that the disruption to public transportation caused by el estallido made poblaciones less accessible to them.

12.
New Directions in Book History ; JOUR: 1-27,
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2085229

ABSTRACT

The introduction provides an overview of the main issues informing current analysis of bookshelves during the COVID-19 pandemic. It starts by sketching out some of the main theoretical frameworks relevant to investigating the cultural phenomenon of bookshelves in the pandemic. It then surveys trends in pandemic reading and the rise of bibliotherapy since the start of the pandemic, before examining the ways in which lockdown induced home working has blurred the boundaries between private and public spheres. This is followed by a detailed discussion of the bookshelf as a construct of global neoliberalism which draws attention to increasing socioeconomic inequality, both between the Global North and the Global South, and within individual nation states. The introduction then outlines the contents of the volume with brief precis of the 12 chapters;summarizes areas of investigation not covered in the volume;and finishes by gesturing to research questions and issues for future consideration. © 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

13.
Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering ; JOUR(12-B):No Pagination Specified, 83.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2083892

ABSTRACT

Black Americans presently and have historically faced disproportionately negative experiences in the U.S. healthcare system, as spotlighted by the COVID-19 pandemic. In my dissertation, I employ diverse methodologies, including quantitative analyses of nationally representative data, qualitative analyses of focus groups, and experimental methods aiming to understand and illuminate potential ways to address Black Americans' experiences of injustice in healthcare. The introduction (Chapter 1) builds upon previous research to illustrate a model which emphasizes the importance of individuals and systems (and the histories of individuals and systems) to better understand racial injustice in healthcare. In Chapter 2, I provide a narrative review of the present and historical experiences of Black Americans in the healthcare system. Next, in Chapter 3, across two studies (N=13,054), including a nationally representative sample of Black and White Americans during the COVID-19 pandemic, Black (relative to White) Americans reported less positive experiences in healthcare, which explained early COVID-19 vaccination hesitancy and lower medical system trust. Current knowledge of the Tuskegee Syphilis Study was not related significantly to medical trust or vaccination intention, however. In Chapter 4, qualitative data and thematic analysis were used to interrogate the quality of healthcare provider-Black patient interactions in a sample of 37 Black American women who had been diagnosed with breast cancer. In a community-academic collaboration, three focus groups were conducted across California. Results demonstrated that participants experienced discrimination, stereotyping, and hostility from healthcare providers and within the healthcare system which undermined their medical trust. Further, participants offered suggestions for improving the healthcare experiences of Black women diagnosed with breast cancer. A critical step toward dismantling racial injustice is acknowledging its existence. Thus, in Chapter 5, I tested specific ways to shift dominant group members' perceptions to recognize both individual and systemic racism and how to increase behavioral intentions to combat injustice in healthcare. Results from this online experiment conducted with 1853 adults suggested that when White Americans learned about critical Black history in healthcare (i.e., history of injustice) vs. celebratory Black history (i.e., history of achievement) or control information, they reported significantly more perspective-taking with Black Americans, which in turn predicted more individual and systemic racism recognition and support for anti-racist policies in healthcare. Ultimately, my dissertation studies highlight specific experiences of injustice that Black Americans face in healthcare and identifies a mechanism to increase White Americans' recognition of and support for addressing injustices toward Black Americans. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

14.
Rev Panam Salud Publica ; 46: e148, 2022.
Article in Spanish | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2082558

ABSTRACT

Objective: This article presents the findings of a review of the literature on public resistance to vaccines and the main factors that have influenced their decisions about immunoprevention, with a focus on the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: We searched the literature using the terms DeCs/MeSH, anti-vaccination movement, vaccination refusal, epidemics, COVID-19, and impacts on health, using the Boolean operators OR and AND in Google Scholar, Medline, Lilacs, and Ibecs. Documents from official sources were also considered. Results: Throughout history, since vaccination began, people have had controversial perceptions of the procedure: some accept what the health authorities recommend, and others allege hidden intentions behind immunization. The COVID-19 vaccine against SARS-CoV-2 has been no exception. Conclusions: Vaccination has been one of the greatest scientific achievements in public health. However, despite its benefits, it has raised fear, uncertainty, and suspicion in the population. For this reason, it is important to increase health education actions in the population-with clear, concise, understandable information that is based on reliable and truthful sources-in order to reduce resistance to vaccination and address preventable diseases.


Objetivo: Este artigo busca apresentar os achados de uma revisão da literatura sobre a resistência da população às vacinas e os principais motivos que influenciaram suas decisões em relação à imunoprevenção, com foco na pandemia de COVID-19. Métodos: Foi realizada uma busca na literatura utilizando os termos DeCs/MeSH anti-vaccination movement, vaccination refusal, epidemics, COVID-19 e impacts on health, relacionados entre si pelos operadores booleanos OR e AND, no Google Scholar, MEDLINE, LILACS e IBECS. Documentos de fontes oficiais também foram levados em consideração. Resultados: Ao longo da história, desde o início da vacinação, a percepção das pessoas em relação a esse procedimento foi controversa. Há quem aceite o que as autoridades de saúde recomendam e quem alegue intenções ocultas por trás da imunização. A vacina contra o SARS-CoV-2, que causa a COVID-19, não foi exceção. Conclusões: A vacinação tem sido uma das maiores conquistas científicas em termos de saúde pública ­ um avanço que, apesar de seus benefícios, tem causado medo, incerteza e desconfiança na população. Por isso, é importante aumentar as ações de educação em saúde para a população, com informações claras, concisas e compreensíveis, baseadas em fontes confiáveis e verídicas, a fim de diminuir a resistência à vacinação e evitar doenças preveníveis.

15.
Przeglad Socjologii Jakosciowej ; 18(3):1-22, 2022.
Article in Polish | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2081210

ABSTRACT

Celem artykułu jest opisanie doświadczeń i wniosków płynących z zastosowania technik asynchronicznych w jakościowym badaniu podłużnym prowadzonym w trakcie pandemii COVID-19. Opracowanie ukazuje korzyści i ograniczenia oraz szanse i zagrożenia podejścia metodologicznego wykorzystującego wymianę asynchroniczną i dzienniczki. Perspektywa temporalna pozwoliła uchwycić dynamikę zmian związaną z pandemią, determinującą ewolucję technik asynchronicznych. Wyzwaniem pozostało zachowanie równowagi między elastycznością i spójnością metodologii oraz standardów etycznych mających na względzie dobro osób zaangażowanych w badanie.Alternate :The aim of the article is to present experiences and outcomes of applying asynchronous techniques in a qualitative longitudinal study conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic. The article indicates benefits and limitations as well as opportunities and threats linked to the methodological approach that employed an asynchronous exchange and participant diaries. The temporal perspective enabled the capturing of the dynamics of change related to the pandemic, which determined the evolution of asynchronous techniques. The remaining challenge concerned keeping the balance between the flexibility and consistency of the methodology as well as ethical standards which would protect the participants' welfare.

16.
Przeglad Socjologii Jakosciowej ; 18(3):1-4, 2022.
Article in Polish | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2081209

ABSTRACT

Abstrakt: Artykuł stanowi wprowadzenie do tomu poświęconego zainteresowaniom młodych badaczy socjologii. W pierwszej części tekstu podjęta została próba zdefiniowania, kim są „młodzi badacze". Następnie przedstawione zostały tematy podejmowane w badaniach przez przedstawicieli tej grupy. Zawarte w numerze artykuły poświęcone są zagadnieniom z obszaru badań nad niepełnosprawnością w ujęciu kulturowym i społecznym, refleksji metodologicznej nad zmianą technik badawczych w odpowiedzi na sytuację pandemii COVID-19, politykom narkotykowym, nietypowym nazwiskom. Klamrą łączącą wszystkie teksty jest perspektywa jakościowa reprezentowana przez młodych badaczy.Alternate :The article is an introduction to the volume concerning young sociology researchers' areas of interest. The first part of the text attempts to define who "young researchers" are. The second part of the introduction presents the topics covered in research by representatives of the group of young researchers. The texts included in this volume are devoted to issues from the field of disability research in the cultural and social perspectives, to a methodological reflection on changing research techniques in response to the COVID-19 pandemic situation, as well as to drug policies and unusual surnames.

17.
Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics ; 98:1, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2076725

ABSTRACT

Chaudhuri reviews The Great Covid Panic by Paul Frijters, Gigi Foster, and Michael Baker.

18.
Fam Pract ; 2022 Oct 21.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2077741

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Media coverage of Lyme disease (LD) has led to an increase in consultations for presumed LD in Europe. However, LD is confirmed in only 10%-20% of patients, with a significant number remaining in a diagnostic dead-end. OBJECTIVES: To reach a deeper understanding of how patients themselves contribute to the diagnostic process. To describe the genesis of the LD hypothesis in care pathways. METHODS: In 2019, 30 patients from a prospective cohort consulting in the infectious diseases department at University Hospital in Marseille for presumed LD were recruited for semistructured interviews. The inclusion criteria were: suffering from subjective symptoms for 6 months, no clinical or paraclinical argument suggesting current LD. The patients' medical trajectories were collected using a biographical approach. RESULTS: The diagnosis of LD was primarily triggered by identification with personal testimonies found on the Internet. Most of patients were leading their own diagnostic investigation. The majority of participants were convinced they had LD despite the lack of medical evidence and the scepticism of their referring GP. CONCLUSION: GPs should first systematically explore patients' aetiologic representations in order to improve adherence to the diagnosis especially in the management of medically unexplained symptoms. Long COVID-19 syndrome challenge offers an opportunity to promote active patient involvement in diagnosis.

19.
Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice ; 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2070680

ABSTRACT

Why do some potential entrepreneurs promptly engage in entrepreneurial behavior while others do not pursue their entrepreneurial intentions or delay acting? This study investigated whether potential entrepreneurs' mindset shapes engaging in entrepreneurial behavior and the time until they do so. Over a 16-month period, holding more of a growth (vs. fixed) mindset positively predicted taking various entrepreneurial actions and doing so sooner. Interestingly, these effects vanished when individuals faced a less challenging context for entrepreneurship. Post-hoc exploratory analyses revealed that the COVID-19 pandemic magnified the impact of mindsets on entrepreneurial behavior. These findings pave the way for preliminary research on the viability of growth mindset interventions for fostering entrepreneurial behavior.

20.
Cogent Economics & Finance ; 10(1), 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2070059

ABSTRACT

The Sar-Cov-2 pandemic that began in 2019 has significantly affected the global economy and, in particular, those of African countries. This paper analyzes possible intervention channels by African states to put their economies back on a sustainable growth path once the health crisis is under control. The paper proposes workable macroeconomic channels for these countries' recovery from post-pandemic periods by using historical data to conduct empirical analyses. The paper employs World Bank data and ILOSTAT for 54 African countries within the period 1990-2018. We use a post-Keynesian framework and the difference and system generalized method-of-moments to show that wages drive African economic dynamics in the short run. This is particularly true for Sub-Saharan African countries. In addition, foreign output, proxied by European Union output, has a positive and significant impact on Sub-Saharan African economies in the short and long run. The results highlight strategic policy measures for recovering African economies, including improving wages and deepening international economic relations, particularly with the Eurozone countries.

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