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1.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-7, 2022 Jun 25.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1908606

ABSTRACT

The attachment of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) spike to angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE-2) leads the cell fusion process, so spike blockade may be a promising therapy combating COVID-19. Bee pollen bioflavonoids with intrinsic bioactivities are of outmost importance to block SARS-CoV-2-ACE-2 interaction. Herein, we conducted a molecular docking assessment through natural phenolics/non-phenolics of pollen to investigate their affinity against SARS-CoV-2 spike. Finally, kaempferol 3-neohesperidoside 7-O-rhamnoside (compound a), quercetin 7-rhamnoside (compound b), delphinidin-3-O-(6-p-coumaroyl) glucoside (compound c), and luteolin-7-O-6″-malonylglucoside (compound d) showed the lowest binding affinity of -8.1, -7.7, -7.3 and -6.7 kcal/mol. The docking procedure was validated using protein-protein interactions between ACE-2 and SARS-CoV-2 RBD via HADDOCK webserver. MD simulations were fulfilled to investigate different ligands' effects on protein movements. Collectively, compound a may possess the potency to disturb the binding of SARS-CoV-2 spike-ACE-2, which can be on the call for further in vitro and in vivo study to investigate its antiviral potential against SARS-CoV-2.

2.
Front Mol Biosci ; 7: 618318, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1102485

ABSTRACT

The recent emergence of COVID-19 represents one of the biggest challenges facing the world today. Despite the recent attempts to understand the epidemiological pattern and pathogenesis of the disease, detailed data about the physiology and pathology of the disease is still out of reach. Moreover, the lack of a widespread vaccine prompts an urgent call for developing a proper intervention strategy against the virus. Importantly, identification of novel molecules that target replication of the virus represents one of the promising strategies for the control this pandemic crisis. Among others, honey bee products contain numerous bioactive compounds such as propolis and several phenolic compounds that possess a wide range of therapeutic properties for combating various pathological disorders and infectious agents. The intention of the present review is to highlight the stages of SARS-CoV-2 lifecycle, the molecular mechanisms explaining the health benefits of honey bee products on COVID-19 physiology and pathology and the possible limitations. Further future research is suggested to explore more about bee natural bioactive compounds as potential candidates against SARS-CoV-2.

3.
J Econ Entomol ; 113(4): 1618-1627, 2020 08 13.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-735735

ABSTRACT

The decline in managed honey bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae) colony health worldwide has had a significant impact on the beekeeping industry. To mitigate colony losses, beekeepers in Canada and around the world introduce queens into replacement colonies; however, Canada's short queen rearing season has historically limited the production of early season queens. As a result, Canadian beekeepers rely on the importation of foreign bees, particularly queens from warmer climates. Importing a large proportion of (often mal-adapted) queens each year creates a dependency on foreign bee sources, putting beekeeping, and pollination sectors at risk in the event of border closures, transportation issues, and other restrictions as is currently happening due to the 2020 Covid-19 pandemic. Although traditional Canadian queen production is unable to fully meet early season demand, increasing domestic queen production to meet mid- and later season demand would reduce Canada's dependency. As well, on-going studies exploring the potential for overwintering queens in Canada may offer a strategy to have early season domestic queens available. Increasing the local supply of queens could provide Canadian beekeepers, farmers, and consumers with a greater level of agricultural stability and food security. Our study is the first rigorous analysis of the economic feasibility of queen production. We present the costs of queen production for three Canadian operations over two years. Our results show that it can be profitable for a beekeeping operation in Canada to produce queen cells and mated queens and could be one viable strategy to increase the sustainability of the beekeeping industry.


Subject(s)
Beekeeping , Coronavirus Infections , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Reproduction , Animals , Bees , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Canada , SARS-CoV-2
4.
J Biomol Struct Dyn ; 40(1): 1-13, 2022 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-436584

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) initiated in December 2019 in Wuhan, China and became pandemic causing high fatality and disrupted normal life calling world almost to a halt. Causative agent is a novel coronavirus called Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2/2019-nCoV). While new line of drug/vaccine development has been initiated world-wide, in the current scenario of high infected numbers, severity of the disease and high morbidity, repurposing of the existing drugs is heavily explored. Here, we used a homology-based structural model of transmembrane protease serine 2 (TMPRSS2), a cell surface receptor, required for entry of virus to the target host cell. Using the strengths of molecular docking and molecular dynamics simulations, we examined the binding potential of Withaferin-A (Wi-A), Withanone (Wi-N) and caffeic acid phenethyl ester to TPMRSS2 in comparison to its known inhibitor, Camostat mesylate. We found that both Wi-A and Wi-N could bind and stably interact at the catalytic site of TMPRSS2. Wi-N showed stronger interactions with TMPRSS2 catalytic residues than Wi-A and was also able to induce changes in its allosteric site. Furthermore, we investigated the effect of Wi-N on TMPRSS2 expression in MCF7 cells and found remarkable downregulation of TMPRSS2 mRNA in treated cells predicting dual action of Wi-N to block SARS-CoV-2 entry into the host cells. Since the natural compounds are easily available/affordable, they may even offer a timely therapeutic/preventive value for the management of SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. We also report that Wi-A/Wi-N content varies in different parts of Ashwagandha and warrants careful attention for their use.Communicated by Ramaswamy H. Sarma.


Subject(s)
SARS-CoV-2 , Serine Proteinase Inhibitors/pharmacology , Virus Internalization/drug effects , Withanolides/pharmacology , Binding Sites , COVID-19 , Humans , MCF-7 Cells , Molecular Docking Simulation , Plant Extracts/chemistry , Serine , Serine Endopeptidases/genetics
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