Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 12 de 12
Filter
1.
56th Croatian & 16th International Symposium on Agriculture, Vodice, Croatia ; 2021.
Article in Croatian | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1918562

ABSTRACT

The paper examines the difference between the coronavirus disease in humans (COVID-19) and horses (ECoV). It provides a response to the issue of whether the horses are capable of transferring the contagion to a human and what role horses might have in finding out a medicine for the human coronavirus disease, based upon a study of the most recent scientific discoveries in this respect. Since both viral diseases are very contagious and primary symptomatic treatment, self-isolation, and quarantine of the confirmed cases is recommended up to a discovery of adequate vaccines to prevent their further expansion, the paper also quotes certain experiences and provides advice on how to do business self-sustainably and take care about the horses even in the challenging times of the pandemic.

2.
Surveillance ; 48(4):10-24, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1887621

ABSTRACT

Exotic pest and disease investigations are managed and reported by the Ministry for Primary Industries' (MPI's) Diagnostic and Surveillance Directorate. This article presents a summary of investigations of suspect exotic and emerging pests and diseases in New Zealand during the period from July to September 2021.

3.
INRA Productions Animales ; 35(1):21-42, 2022.
Article in French | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1876330

ABSTRACT

This article offers an analysis of the economic situation of several animal sectors (cow's milk, beef, pork, poultry meat and the equine sector) in France, two years after the start of the Covid-19 pandemic. Starting from the latest statistical data available for the period 2020 to 2021 and while taking into account historical trajectories, it seeks to highlight how this crisis has had implications for production, prices, consumption, foreign trade and, in the case of the equine sector, the various activities (horse betting, equestrian centres, etc.). The production of agricultural goods was generally little impacted by the health crisis because farmers continued to produce, sometimes despite certain difficulties, such as the lack of labor, temporary loss of outlets, etc. Faced with a significant change in the structure of demand (increase in products purchased by households to the detriment of those favored in out-of-home catering), the sudden measures imposed by the State and the difficulties sometimes encountered in maintaining the number of employees, processors have been able to adapt quickly to provide consumers with the goods demanded. Trade flows were also disrupted in 2020, before picking up again in 2021, according to trends that were ultimately fairly consistent with those preceding the crisis. Under the influence, on the one hand, of the increase in the price of energy (even before the war in Ukraine which began on February 24, 2022) and, on the other hand, fluctuating imports from China into global animal product markets, producer prices increased in late 2021 and early 2022, but this increase is offset by a sharp increase in production costs. In the equine sector, turnover losses were temporarily significant due to the interaction of this sector with the public. After the shock of 2020, and subject to adaptation by the players in the sector, activities are gradually resuming.

4.
Journal of Medical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases ; 10(1):1-9, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1787279

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV- 2) spilled over to humans via wild mammals, entering the host cell using angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) as receptor through Spike (S) protein binding. While SARS-CoV-2 became fully adapted to humans and globally spread, some mammal species were infected back. The present study evaluated the potential risk of mammals becoming hosts for SARS-CoV-2 through bioinformatics prediction based on ACE2 receptors.

5.
Proceedings of the 67th Annual Convention of the American Association of Equine Practitioners, Nashville, Tennessee, USA ; 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1777119

ABSTRACT

A review on the economic, welfare, and health impacts in horses and the equine sector due to Covid-19 in 2020 was discussed.

6.
Animals (Basel) ; 12(5)2022 Feb 28.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1715092

ABSTRACT

More and more studies are reporting on the natural transmission of SARS-CoV-2 between humans with COVID-19 and their companion animals (dogs and cats). While horses are apparently susceptible to SARS-CoV-2 infection based on the homology between the human and the equine ACE-2 receptor, no clinical or subclinical infection has yet been reported in the equine species. To investigate the possible clinical role of SARS-CoV-2 in equids, nasal secretions from 667 horses with acute onset of fever and respiratory signs were tested for the presence of SARS-CoV-2 by qPCR. The samples were collected from January to December of 2020 and submitted to a commercial molecular diagnostic laboratory for the detection of common respiratory pathogens (equine influenza virus, equine herpesvirus-1/-4, equine rhinitis A and B virus, Streptococcus equi subspecies equi). An additional 633 serum samples were tested for antibodies to SARS-CoV-2 using an ELISA targeting the receptor-binding domain of the spike protein. The serum samples were collected from a cohort of 587 healthy racing Thoroughbreds in California after track personnel tested qPCR-positive for SARS-CoV-2. While 241/667 (36%) equids with fever and respiratory signs tested qPCR-positive for at least one of the common respiratory pathogens, not a single horse tested qPCR-positive for SARS-CoV-2. Amongst the racing Thoroughbreds, 35/587 (5.9%) horses had detectable antibodies to SARS-CoV-2. Similar to dogs and cats, horses do not seem to develop clinical SARS-CoV-2 infection. However, horses can act as incidental hosts and experience silent infection following spillover from humans with COVID-19. SARS-CoV-2-infected humans should avoid close contact with equids during the time of their illness.

7.
Equine Veterinary Education ; 34(3):117-119, 2021.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-1685293

ABSTRACT

9 Hoehne, S.N., Hopper, K. and Epstein, S.E. (2019) Prospective evaluation of cardiopulmonary resuscitation performed in dogs and cats according to the RECOVER guidelines. Keywords: horse;cardiopulmonary arrest;CPR;international guidelines;RECOVER EN horse cardiopulmonary arrest CPR international guidelines RECOVER 117 119 3 02/09/22 20220301 NES 220301 It is disconcerting that equine anaesthetic-related fatalities for elective procedures are nearly 10- to 20-fold more frequent than their small animal counterparts, and between 100- and 1000-fold more likely than human anaesthesia-associated fatalities (Brodbelt I et al i . 2008;Li I et al i . 2009;Dugdale I et al i . 2016;Laurenza I et al i . 2019). The RECOVER guidelines, published in the summer of 2012, aimed to systematically review the body of literature on CPR from a veterinary standpoint and to generate practical consensus guidelines to be used in dogs and cats. Horse, CPR, RECOVER, cardiopulmonary arrest, international guidelines. [Extracted from the article] Copyright of Equine Veterinary Education is the property of Wiley-Blackwell and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

8.
Agriculture ; 12(1):109, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1634221

ABSTRACT

The aboveground biomass of dry knotweed was administered daily to large groups of young (1- to 3-year-old) stallions of the Czech Warmblood, Czech-Moravian Coldblood and Silesian Norik breeds, fed individually for 4 and 6 months in two successive winter experiments. Their fitness was compared with control groups consisting of equally numerous subgroups comparable in age, breed, body mass and initial blood parameters. The effects of knotweed on the horses’ fitness were evaluated based on changes in blood characteristics. Even if administered in small amounts, 150 g per day, knotweed could (1) increase the thrombocyte numbers, (2) increase the globulin content (thus improving the horses’ immunity, which is desired in large groups of animals), (3) stimulate lipid metabolism in cold-blooded horses and (4) decrease the concentration of cholesterol. The long-lasting effect of knotweed on both the urea and triglyceride–cholesterol ratio presumably reflected, between the two experiments, the temporary protein starvation of horses on pastures with poor quality of grass in a dry summer.

9.
Equine Veterinary Education ; 34(1):e47-e53, 2022.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-1596707

ABSTRACT

Summary: The objective of this study was to describe lateral patellar instability (LPI) in a population of weanling Standardbreds and characterise the prevalence, clinical features, imaging findings and long‐term follow‐up. A total of 222 weanling Standardbreds were examined between June 2017 and December 2019 for presales examination, and LPI was identified in four horses. Presumptive diagnosis was made on clinical and dynamic examination at walk and confirmed by radiography. One horse was subject to euthanasia for causes related to LPI (Case 3), and computed tomography (CT) of both hindlimbs was performed post‐mortem in order to better characterise the anatomical variations of the affected stifle. The intertrochlear groove angle (IGA), the angle of anteversion (AA) of the femoral neck, the anatomical lateral distal femoral angle (aLDFA) and the degree of tibial torsion (TT) were measured. LPI prevalence in Standardbreds weanlings was 1.8%, and it carried a poor athletic prognosis. Radiographic abnormalities were observed in the shape of the patella, characterised by a rounder profile and a less pronounced sagittal crest. The abnormal limb also presented a wider IGA, an outward rotation of the proximal aspect of the tibia and varus deformity of the femorotibial joint compared with the contralateral limb. LPI seems to occur with a high prevalence in the Standardbred weanling population, and our findings suggest that LPI is related to a combination of epiphyseal dysplasia and rotational and angular abnormalities of the affected limb. No effective treatments have been reported. [ FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Equine Veterinary Education is the property of Wiley-Blackwell and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

10.
Lucrari Stiintifice, Universitatea de Stiinte Agricole Si Medicina Veterinara a Banatului, Timisoara, Seria I, Management Agricol ; 23(2):324-330, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1573399

ABSTRACT

The Covid crisis has hit all national economies, with some areas of activity being more severely affected than others. Trade credit/supplier credit mechanisms were very common on the market due to the weak capitalization of the economy. Many companies have faced serious financial difficulties, some of which have had to fundamentally restructure their business.

11.
Lucrari Stiintifice, Universitatea de Stiinte Agricole Si Medicina Veterinara a Banatului, Timisoara, Seria I, Management Agricol ; 23(2):291-295, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1573302

ABSTRACT

This research is aimed at analyzing the cash flows, in structure and dynamics, registered by the Romanian Commercial Bank, in the period 2019-2020. Cash flows from operating activities, investment and financing activities are analyzed in evolution at the beginning and end of the reporting period. The macroeconomic impact and the estimated economic contraction, due to the Covid-19 crisis, influenced the bank's activity and financial indicators. The paper also highlights the impact that Romanian Commercial Bank has on the economy, as well as the cost of risk and the quality of the bank's assets. The Covid-19 pandemic put the Romanian banking system in front of unprecedented challenges.

12.
J Vet Diagn Invest ; 33(1): 80-86, 2021 Jan.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-920981

ABSTRACT

In the United States, horses are used for a variety of purposes including recreation, exhibition, and racing. As farm, performance, and companion animals, horses are a unique species from a zoonotic disease risk perspective, and the risks of subclinical infections spreading among horses can pose challenges. Using a nanoscale real-time PCR platform, we investigated the prevalence of 14 enteric pathogens, 11 Escherichia coli genes, and 9 respiratory pathogens in fecal samples from 97 apparently healthy horses at a multi-day horse event. In addition, sugar flotation test was performed for fecal parasites. E. coli f17 was commonly detected, prevalent in 59% of horses, followed closely by Streptococcus equi subsp. zooepidemicus (55%). Additional pathogens recognized included betacoronavirus, Campylobacter jejuni, Cryptosporidium sp., E. coli O157, equine adenovirus 1, equine rhinitis B virus, and others. The use of PCR data may overestimate the true prevalence of these pathogens but provides a sensitive overview of common pathogens present in healthy horses. Our results prompt the continued need for practical biosecurity measures at horse shows, both to protect individuals interacting with these horses and to minimize transmission among horses.


Subject(s)
Animal Husbandry , Cryptosporidiosis/epidemiology , Cryptosporidium/isolation & purification , Escherichia coli Infections/veterinary , Escherichia coli/isolation & purification , Horse Diseases/epidemiology , Animals , Cryptosporidium/genetics , Escherichia coli/genetics , Escherichia coli Infections/epidemiology , Female , Horse Diseases/diagnosis , Horses , Male , New York/epidemiology , Population Surveillance , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction/veterinary
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL