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1.
International Journal of Quality and Service Sciences ; 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2070218

ABSTRACT

Purpose Despite the abundant literature on panic buying during COVID-19 pandemic, the several causes and consequences of panic buying have been enormously ignored. The purpose of this study is to emphasize the consumer's behavior during the COVID-19 pandemic and illustrate the comprehensive theoretical model of consumers' panic buying to investigate its causes and consequences in a developing country empirically to uncover this gap. Design/methodology/approach The authors collected data from 419 households of all socioeconomic classes of Bangladesh. A hierarchical regression model analyzed the data. Findings This study finds that internal and external factors such as rumors, government strategies, fear and anxiety and health security significantly affect consumers' panic buying behaviors. This finding supports some theories of human behavior. This study also finds that panic buying has internal and external consequences such as price hike, shortage of supply of products, dissatisfaction of consumers and increase in utility (benefit) of the products but not on consumer's budget. This finding supports as well as contradicts some established theories of human and consumer behavior. Originality/value This study proves that panic buying cannot help the consumers and they are the ultimate sufferers of this. The findings of this study will help the government, media, suppliers and consumers to interact properly to maintain panic buying during a pandemic crisis. Giving a holistic explanation of the causes and consequences of panic buying by introducing some novel variables is a momentous strength of this study.

2.
Work ; 73(s1): S81-S93, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2065432

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Official authorities are in charge of communicating with the public in a consistent and coherent manner. The impact of social media on managing the coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic potentially influenced social behavior in Brazil. OBJECTIVE: Using Twitter, this study analyzes communications about the COVID-19 pandemic from official agencies of the Brazilian government and key public sector decision-makers. METHOD: We captured public Twitter messages about COVID-19 exchanged between authorities at the federal, state, and municipal levels of government. These messages were further classified into guidance and information messages or disinformation messages. Finally, through analysis of tweets and their frequency, we evidenced the level of information generated by the three levels of government. RESULTS: Our analyses show an underestimation of the magnitude of the pandemic by Brazilian government authorities. None of the spheres of government anticipated the imminent health crisis, did not issue good recommendations and guidelines, and did not take preventive actions. CONCLUSION: The lack of governmental actions and adequate guidance in Brazil has led to an explosive increase in infected people and deaths. Surprisingly, this was not due to technical or structural reasons. It resulted from conflicting communication strategies implemented by the federal, state, and municipal governments in attempts to minimize the effects of COVID-19 on their local health structures.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Social Media , Humans , Pandemics , Brazil/epidemiology , COVID-19/epidemiology , SARS-CoV-2 , Communication , Government Agencies
3.
Türkiye &Iacute ; letişim Araştırmaları Dergisi = Turkish Review of Communication Studies; - (38):155-173, 2021.
Article in Turkish | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2056626

ABSTRACT

Deneyimlediğimiz sosyal ve fiziksel koşulların analizi ile bu koşulların etkilerinin değerlendirilmesinde hem iletişim çalışmalarının hem de psikoloji disiplininin önemli bir yeri bulunmaktadır. Bu iki disiplinin etkileşimi iletişim teknolojisinin ilerlemesi ve kullanımının yaygınlaşması ile birlikte daha da gelişim göstermiş, çok boyutlu bir araştırma geleneğini inşa etmiştir. Böyle bir disiplinler arası yaklaşımın bilimsel çalışmalara sağladığı önemli katkılar bulunmaktadır. Bu çalışma, iletişim çalışmaları ve psikoloji birlikteliğinin önemini, bu disiplinler arası yaklaşımın pandeminin öne çıkardığı sorunların olası çözümündeki rolünü ortaya koyarak vurgulamayı amaçlamaktadır. Bu amaçla pandemi sürecinin öne çıkardığı sorunlarla ilgili literatür taranarak bu iki disiplinin birlikteliğine ihtiyaç duyan araştırma alanları ve gelecek çalışmalar için yeni araştırma soruları belirlenmiş ve analiz edilmiştir. Çalışmada bu disiplinler arası yaklaşımın a) dünyanın karşı karşıya kaldığı çevre sorunlarının çözümünü, b) pandemi sürecinin insan psikolojisine etkilerini, c) pandemi sürecinin çevrimiçi mahremiyet ihlali ve gözetim pratiklerine etkisini, d) pandemide sağlıkla ilgili olumlu davranışların geliştirilmesi ile ilgili yaşanan zorlukları ele alırken sağlayacağı önemli bilimsel katkılar olabileceği ortaya konmuştur. Formüle edilen araştırma sorularının gelecek çalışmalara yol göstermesi ve pandemi sürecine olduğu kadar pandemi sonrası sürece de katkıda bulunması umulmaktadır.Alternate : Communication studies and the discipline of psychology have a major role in the analysis of the social and physical conditions that we experience and in evaluating the effects of these conditions. The interaction of these two disciplines has progressed further with the advancement and widespread use of communication technology and has constituted a multidimensional research tradition. Such an interdisciplinary approach has vital contributions to scientific studies. This study aims to emphasize the importance of the collaboration of communication studies and psychology by revealing the role of this interdisciplinary approach in the possible solution of the problems highlighted by the pandemic. For this purpose, research areas that need the collaboration of these two disciplines and new research questions for future studies have been identified and analysed by scanning the literature on the problems stood out during pandemic. In this study, it has been determined that this interdisciplinary approach can have important scientific contributions while handling a) the solutions of environmental problems faced globally, b) the effects of the pandemic on human psychology, c) the impacts of the pandemic on the breach of online privacy and surveillance practices, and d) the difficulties experienced in the development of positive health behaviours during the pandemic. It is hoped that the formulated research questions can lead the way for future studies and contribute to the post-pandemic period as well as the pandemic period.

4.
2nd ACM Conference on Information Technology for Social Good, GoodIT 2022 ; : 292-299, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2053344

ABSTRACT

In the last few years, there has been a growing interest in the subject of blockchain technology for good. Among the many endeavours, blockchain technology has lately been exploited to build complementary currencies in the sphere of humanitarian aid: currencies that support national economies to provide humanitarian aid and promote development. While there have been numerous research projects on complementary currencies (CCs) and their success, some critical aspects remain largely unexplored. First, even though cooperation is a key factor in the development of these systems, as local communities organize themselves in times of crisis, there is a lack of studies that investigate the cooperative behaviour in these systems and how it changes over time. Besides, there are only a few works studying these currencies during the recent crisis of the COVID-19 pandemic. In this work, we investigate Sarafu, a digital complementary currency based on blockchain technology. To support cooperation, Sarafu implements a special type of account, the group account, thus allowing the study of cooperation groups, that cannot be easily analyzed in other CC systems;furthermore, it was successfully used for humanitarian aid during the COVID-19 pandemic. We find that Sarafu users show strong cooperative behaviour, facilitated by the usage of these group accounts. Furthermore, we observe the increasing importance of cooperation groups over time, as well as differences over time in their spending behaviour. From the analysis, we highlight the presence of cooperation patterns and the importance of group accounts, a takeaway for current and future humanitarian projects. © 2022 ACM.

5.
International Journal of Human Rights in Healthcare ; 15(3):257-275, 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-2051860

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Ostracism is being socially ignored or excluded by others. Ostracism leads to serious psychological distress and health issues in the young adults being ostracized. However, there are no psychometrically designed instruments to measure this phenomenon in young adults. This study aims to develop a scale that measures ostracism efficiently and establishes the scale's psychometric properties. Design/methodology/approach: The research design used for the study is "a mixed-method study using non-experimental research with an exploratory sequential approach and instrument development design." For the formation of the item pool, theoretical evidence was collected and focus group discussions were conducted. Afterward, content validity was established with the help of subject matter experts, followed by Velicer's minimum average partial method and maximum likelihood factor analysis to form the instrument's factorial structure. Findings: Velicer's minimum average partial method and maximum likelihood factor analysis made two factors as follows: ostracism experience and psychological effect. The instrument developed has a high value of alpha reliability i.e. a = 0.97 and a = 0.96, a = 0.92 for the subscales, respectively. Research limitations/implications: The sample used for the research was enough to run the analysis, but future studies can go for a more extensive and more diverse sample. The sample was based solely on university students. The current research focused only on the target of the phenomenon, and the whole research process was conducted online because of the Covid-19 pandemic going on. The scale developed can be used in several settings to find out if the individual is being ostracized or not. Practical implications: The scale's most important implication is in the colleges and universities where young adults are found and face this problem daily. Likewise, psychologists can also use it in clinical settings. The other important implication of this scale is that it is opening a route to future research as different variables can be studied in ostracism such as depression, physical health and anxiety. Social implications: Ostracism is a hidden evil in societies that is not usually talked about. When people are not given equal importance in groups or settings, it leads to serious psychological issues in those individuals. This scale will in the identification of the problem that will lead to a proper solution to this evil. Originality/value: This work is original and not copied from anywhere. The research was conducted with the sole purpose of developing a scale on the ostracism experiences in young adults. The data is collected in the form of online surveys. The current scale is an attempt at developing a more reliable and valid scale that can be used in social settings.

6.
5th International Symposium on New Metropolitan Perspectives, NMP 2022 ; 482 LNNS:1048-1058, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2048026

ABSTRACT

This research is concerned with understanding the context of influences the COVID-19 pandemic had/has on urban change in cities. It focuses on understanding the nexus of relations through which the pandemic impacted the urban space, urban place and public realm;specifically, the economic, environmental, social, human behavior, administrative and health factors. Using a mixed-methods approach and examples from around the world, an analysis was conducted to highlight the most important factors influencing urban change as a result of the pandemic. The research concluded that there are a multitude of direct and indirect connections between the factors that resulted in long-term and short-term impact on urban change and public realm. An understanding of this nexus of factors constitutes an important and essential step in creating more comprehensive and responsive urban planning/design policies. Thus, mitigating any undesirable urban change and better governing the public realm during similar situations and pandemics in the future. © 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

7.
CBU Beden Egitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi ; 17(1):29-41, 2022.
Article in Turkish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2040679

ABSTRACT

The Covid-19 pandemic, which affected the whole world in the same time period, also deeply affected the perception and behavior patterns of sports participants. People have been subjected to great anxiety and fear with the epidemic. This situation has caused people to become alienated from each other and their surroundings. In this study, it was aimed to investigate the relationship between fear of Covid-19 and alienation in sports. The universe of the research consists of hockey athletes participating in the U15 Women-Men Democracy and National Union Turkey Hockey Championship, which is in the annual activity program of the Turkish Hockey. The sample group consists of a total of 165 hockey athletes, including 68 women and 97 men, who have agreed to participate in the study entirely on a voluntary basis from among these athletes. Descriptive statistics were conducted to determine the level of fear of Covid-19 and alienation of hockey athletes in sports. The homogeneity of the data was checked, the Independent Samples t test was used for binary comparisons, One-Way Anova was used for multiple comparisons, and the Tukey tests were used to determine the source of the difference. In the context of the relational model, the correlation method was applied We express the findings reached as a result of the research.;It was found that there were no significant differences between the fear of Covid-19 and alienation in sports according to age and sports experience variables, there were significant changes in the level of fear of Covid-19 in the gender variable of hockey players and athletes had an average score near the intermediate level on both scales. As a result, it has been determined that there is no correlation dec fear of Covid-19 and alienation in sports in this research.

8.
PLoS Global Public Health ; 2(8), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2039241

ABSTRACT

Non-pharmaceutical interventions are one of the major tools to prevent the spread of SARS-CoV-2. Information about these behaviors is disseminated by messaging campaigns. However, people differ in their responses to persuasive messages. Here, we examine whether cultural orientation is associated with adherence to recommended COVID-19 prevention guidelines. Participants (n = 443, 201 from the United States via Amazon Mechanical Turk and 242 from Central New York via a convenience, snowball sample) completed an online survey during April and May 2020. Cultural orientation was measured via the Horizontal and Vertical Individualism and Collectivism Scale. Adherence to limiting social contact was self-reported. Multi-level Poisson regression assessed the association between cultural orientation and social contact behaviors. Those high in horizontal individualist characteristics had a positive association with increased social contact behaviors (RR: 2.20, 95%CI: 1.97-2.47, p <0.001). Those high in vertical collectivist characteristics had a negative association with those behaviors (RR: 0.59, 95%CI: 0.52-0.67, p<0.000). We found an association with cultural orientation and adherence to social contact behaviors during the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic. In the United States, effective public health messages to promote adherence to preventative behaviors should be tailored to horizontal individualists, those least likely to engage in recommended behaviors.

9.
Journal of Rural Social Sciences ; 37(2), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2034461

ABSTRACT

Rural individuals and places face major vulnerabilities in relation to the COVID-19 pandemic, yet how and why rural residents adopted preventive behaviors as a result is not well understood. Using cross-sectional data from an online panel survey of Utahans along the rural-urban continuum collected in June of 2020, we find that, overall, rural Utahans were less likely than their more urban counterparts to adopt preventive behaviors. Those who perceived less risk, knew someone sick with COVID-19, thought former President Trump was doing a good job handling the pandemic, had false optimism about the pandemic, had less formal education, and belonged to a lower economic class, were also less likely to adjust some of their behaviors. Given that COVID-19 and its variants continue to spread, and because other viral outbreaks are likely, a better understanding of preventive behavior along the rural-urban continuum and what shapes it is essential for health-related policymaking including encouraging vaccine uptake.

10.
Journal of Adolescent Health ; 68(2 Suppl):S1-S60, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2033647

ABSTRACT

This proceedings contains 112 s that discuss the health and well-being of adolescents and young adults, highlighting the need for strategic information for future global initiatives in adolescent health, behavioral sciences to public health and policy, with a particular focus adverse effects of COVID-19 and future pandemics on adolescent health.

11.
Stem Cells and COVID-19 ; : 153-168, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2027797

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 has ravaged our planet, altering human behavior as we know it forever. The disease has raised challenges that have been met with supportive therapy, aggressive new drugs, antibody treatments, and rapid vaccine development. Even as the day-to-day obstacles in disease management are overcome, the long-term societal burden rests uneasily on us. This chapter addresses the origin of the disease and some of the cell-based therapies trialed as a solution to the multifaceted challenges. Derivation of cell-free methodology and how to facilitate the same in addressing current situation is also outlined. The technology and techniques mentioned here are constantly improving in efficiency and outcome. © 2022 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

12.
Cactus the Tourism Journal for Research, Education, Culture and Soul ; 4(1):27-41, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2026313

ABSTRACT

The novel Coronavirus has led to devastating tragedies, creating a worldwide crisis upon economy and society. Starting from people suffering from illness, deaths, unemployment up until poverty, the COVID-19 pandemic can be considered one of the darkest periods of the world's history. More broadly, the virus has transformed our everyday lifestyles, inter-human interactions, dynamics of life and last but not least, perceptions upon travelling. The tourism sector has been tremendously affected by the expansion of the virus, with hundreds of countries closing borders, introduction of numerous travel restrictions and suspended flights. Restrictions, regulations and the fear of not getting infected with the new virus have created chaos and considerably changed the way individuals currently perceive travelling. Our study takes a demand-side perspective in order to determine changes in travelling behaviours of individuals, by focusing on students, before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. The study acts as a pilot test and aims at offering guidance for the tourism sector in elaborating and adapting to changing demands on the market. For this purpose, we have collected primary data by distributing a survey among students studying at Universities in Romania. Results have been analysed and compared with relevant literature research. Findings reveal the importance of rate of infection, possible occurring restrictions and costs as being critical when choosing travel destinations during pandemic. Conclusions demonstrate that there is a high need for strong collaboration and cooperation between governments and tourism agencies and businesses. We propose tourism organisations to direct their promotions upon relaxing and safe destinations, at a domestic level in a first phase, followed by international alternatives. We consider that competition can take a backseat during these tough periods and make room for collaborative behaviours and partnerships for the industry to survive.

13.
PLoS Global Public Health ; 2(6), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2021478

ABSTRACT

Historically, infectious diseases have generated fears among populations. Unhealthy handling of these fears result in the stigma and discrimination of infected patients. Globally, measures taken so far by governments to curb the spread of the novel coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, although helpful, have created fears in people. Consequently, there are reported Ghanaian media cases of stigmatisation against persons who were infected and recovered from COVID-19. However, these reports remain unsubstantiated. This study, therefore, sought to examine stigma and discriminatory tendencies towards COVID-19 survivors among the adult population in Ghana. This was a population-based cross-sectional study among 3,259 adults. A multi-stage sampling technique was used to recruit study participants. Descriptive and inferential statistics comprising frequency, percentage, chi-square, and multivariable logistic regression were employed in analysing the data. Knowledge on COVID-19 was poor among 33.6% of the participants. Forty-three per cent had a good attitude towards COVID-19. Nearly half (45.9%) exhibited stigma and discriminatory tendencies towards COVID-19 survivors. Participants who had poor COVID-19 related knowledge (aOR = 1.91, 95%CI = 1.59-2.29, p<0.001) and poor attitude towards COVID-19 (aOR = 5.83, 95% CI = 4.85-6.98, p < 0.001) were more likely to exhibit stigma and discriminatory tendencies towards COVID-19 survivors. Our study found relatively high proportions of poor knowledge and negative attitudes towards COVID-19. Stigma and discriminatory tendencies were consequently high. Our findings call for increased public education on COVID-19 by the Ghana Health Service and the Information Services Department, to increase the level of knowledge on the pandemic while reducing stigma and discrimination associated with it.

14.
PLoS Global Public Health ; 2(6), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2021477

ABSTRACT

There is widespread concern over the potential impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on suicide and self-harm globally, particularly in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) where the burden of these behaviours is greatest. We synthesised the evidence from the published literature on the impact of the pandemic on suicide and self-harm in LMIC. This review is nested within a living systematic review (PROSPERO ID CRD42020183326) that continuously identifies published evidence (all languages) through a comprehensive automated search of multiple databases (PubMed;Scopus;medRxiv, PsyArXiv;SocArXiv;bioRxiv;theWHO COVID-19 database;and the COVID-19 Open Research Dataset by Semantic Scholar (up to 11/2020), including data from Microsoft Academic, Elsevier, arXiv and PubMed Central.) All articles identified by the 4th August 2021 were screened. Papers reporting on data from a LMIC and presenting evidence on the impact of the pandemic on suicide or self-harm were included. Methodological quality was assessed using an appropriate tool, and a narrative synthesis presented. A total of 22 studies from LMIC were identified representing data from 12 countries. There was an absence of data from Africa, the Pacific, and the Caribbean. The reviewed studies mostly report on the early months of COVID-19 and were generally methodologically poor. Few studies directly assessed the impact of the pandemic. The most robust evidence, from time-series studies, indicate either a reduction or no change in suicide and self-harm behaviour. As LMIC continue to experience repeated waves of the virus and increased associated mortality, against a backdrop of vaccine inaccessibility and limited welfare support, continued efforts are needed to track the indirect impact of the pandemic on suicide and self-harm in these countries.

15.
Caderno Profissional De Marketing Unimep ; 10(2):135-158, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1975974

ABSTRACT

The study aims to observe the perception of home office work and the behavior of employees of a credit union. A descriptive, survey and case study, quantitative/qualitative research was carried out. Data collection and analysis took place through interviews and forms. The results indicate that this type of work has shown positive and negative aspects. Regarding the positive aspects, several employees highlight the practicality and economy. However, the main negative points deal with the difficulty in adapting to the sharing of space between work and family. The research contributes to companies, as it enables the construction of strategies to improve the quality of life of workers and productivity in this modality.

16.
2021 AIS SIGED International Conference on Information Systems Education and Research ; 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1958434

ABSTRACT

Digital revolutions and developments have been changing the way we work, socialize and experience the world. In our complex reality dynamic changes occur with an increasing frequency, where the role of IT is obvious. The COVID pandemic highlighted this development even more and made us realize that the old ways of working are no longer valid. In this conceptual paper we sketch different scientific views to offer practical solutions to deal with challenges. We focus on dynamic developments on concepts from ecology and economics, identify some traps and link the insights to management, leadership, teams and the requirements for a successful cooperation. Our goal is to identify the most crucial elements of sustainability: resilience, people and information, offer organizations developing solutions using the Adaptive Cycle of Resilience and help the reader to develop understanding social responsibility towards resilience and sustainability. © Proceedings of the 2021 AIS SIGED International Conference on Information Systems Education and Research.

17.
BMC Public Health ; 22(1): 1402, 2022 Jul 22.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1957056

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The world has been battling several vector-borne diseases since time immemorial. Socio-economic marginality, precipitation variations and human behavioral attributes play a major role in the proliferation of these diseases. Lockdown and social distancing have affected social behavioral aspects of human life and somehow impact on the spread of vector borne diseases. This article sheds light into the relationship between COVID-19 lockdown and global dengue burden with special focus on India. It also focuses on the interconnection of the COVID-19 pandemic (waves 1 and 2) and the alteration of human behavioral patterns in dengue cases. METHODS: We performed a systematic search using various resources from different platforms and websites, such as Medline; Pubmed; PAHO; WHO; CDC; ECDC; Epidemiology Unit Ministry of Health (Sri Lanka Government); NASA; NVBDCP from 2015 until 2021. We have included many factors, such as different geographical conditions (tropical climate, semitropic and arid conditions); GDP rate (developed nations, developing nations, and underdeveloped nations). We also categorized our data in order to conform to COVID-19 duration from 2019 to 2021. Data was extracted for the complete duration of 10 years (2012 to 2021) from various countries with different geographical region (arid region, semitropic/semiarid region and tropical region). RESULTS: There was a noticeable reduction in dengue cases in underdeveloped (70-85%), developing (50-90%), and developed nations (75%) in the years 2019 and 2021. The dengue cases drastically reduced by 55-65% with the advent of COVID-19 s wave in the year 2021 across the globe. CONCLUSIONS: At present, we can conclude that COVID-19 and dengue show an inverse relationship. These preliminary, data-based observations should guide clinical practice until more data are made public and basis for further medical research.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Dengue , COVID-19/epidemiology , Communicable Disease Control , Dengue/epidemiology , Dengue/prevention & control , Humans , India/epidemiology , Pandemics/prevention & control
18.
Journal of Biotechnology and Strategic Health Research ; 5(3):200-206, 2021.
Article in Turkish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1935001

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate oral hygiene habits and periodontal disease status with teledentistry and to compare oral hygiene and periodontal disease status according to the COVID-19 history. Materials and Methods: Patients who had applied to our faculty before the pandemic and were reached via teledentistry were included. A questionnaire consisting of 4 sections and 25 questions was administered through telephone conversation. Demographic information, medical history, smoking habits, and COVID-19 history (with [COVID(+)] or without COVID-19 [COVID(-)]) were questioned in the first section, while dental hygiene (DH), environmental dental hygiene (EH), history of periodontal disease (PH) were evaluated in the next three sections. The answers were scored in a way that increased values symbolize negative attitude. Taking into account the minimum and maximum values that can be obtained from the sum of the scores;DH, EH and PH scales with low, medium and high value ranges were created. The groups were compared in terms of the mean value from the scales and the distribution in the scale ranges.

19.
Investigacion Clinica ; 62(Suplemento 3):55-61, 2021.
Article in Spanish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1929293

ABSTRACT

The pandemic caused by Covid 19 is having a negative impact on human health, it affects the entire world population, raising mortality rates on a large scale in vulnerable groups;as in older adults with dementia. By this disease they have lost their independence being unable to take care for themselves and is related to deaths from Covid-19. Likewise, the confinement has affections at psychological and behavioral levels, increasing stress levels for fear of losing life and situations they face such as loneliness, poverty, discrimination, social isolation among others;these are determining factors for the older adults to be affected more than other populations and clearly there is a breakdown in the quality of life. On the other hand, caregivers experience work overload because there is no one else to replace them, restrictions on home visits and isolation are undoubtedly of great concern to their families, there are restrictions in medical visits, therapies and more treatments that in many cases, by not receiving them, they aggravate the health status of the elderly. Finally there are home and leisure activities that help counteract the effects of thepandemic and the dementia, among the main ones we can mention physical exercise, gardening, video calls, meditation and others. There is little research that indicates a survival plan, so that more work should be done on this group of people in order to find more alternatives than help improve the quality of life of older adults.

20.
HPS Weekly Report ; 56:26, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1929163

ABSTRACT

On 28 July 2022, the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) published a technical report, offering contact tracing guidance to public health authorities in EU and EEA countries which can be utilised during the 2022 monkeypox outbreak. The ECDC note that although monkeypox is not a traditional sexually transmitted infection (STI), the virus takes the opportunities for close-contact transmission wherever they arise. The priority for public health authorities in EU and EEA countries is the early identification and isolation of cases and prompt tracing of their contacts to break the chains of transmission. The collaboration between public health and sexual health professionals, who are already experienced and have established procedures for partner notification for STIs, is critical to ensure that as many close contacts as possible are identified and informed about their exposure. Close collaboration with civil society and community-based organisations is also recommended to build trust in contact tracing strategies and to ensure these strategies and accompanying risk communication is adapted to the affected groups, while minimising stigmatization, as this outbreak is currently circulating largely among men who have sex with men (MSM) with multiple partners. On 2 June 2022, the ECDC and the World Health Organization (WHO) jointly published interim guidance, aimed at providing advice to health authorities on the communication of risks and engagement of groups most affected by the outbreak. The joint report highlighted the need to build trust between authorities and at-risk groups, ensuring timely and consistent health information and advice to broader populations, while using more direct channels to, and engagement with, those at increased risk through two-way communication. With COVID-19 restrictions ending, the number of large gatherings has increased, as has international travel, and in response the ECDC and the WHO jointly published interim advice for public health authorities on summer events during the monkeypox outbreak. Although the focus of the report is monkeypox, much of the advice addresses good public health practices in general, which may help prevent the transmission of several infectious diseases. The guidance includes sections which can be used to formulate advice to business and venue owners and event organisers, as well as participants themselves before, during and after events. In order to raise awareness directly with the group that has been most affected by the current outbreak, that is gay and bisexual men and other MSM, the ECDC partnered with community organisations and public health experts from The Love Tank, Prepster, and MPact, to produce guidance, explaining what precautions people should take and providing useful links with additional information.

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