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1.
Texila International Journal of Public Health ; 10(2), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2081288

ABSTRACT

There are centres in Lagos State, Nigeria specifically devoted to the care of children with autism. Such centres have developed various practices, methods, and interventions that over the years have become a standard. To curb the spread of Covid-19 in the year 2020, Lagos State Government imposed a lockdown and various social restrictions. One of the attendant consequences of the lockdown was that these centres, where autistic children were being cared for, had to be closed, made to offer skeletal services, or change the delivery of care to an online version. This research is a qualitative research that aims to show that the model of care offered pre-Covid was not resilient to withstand the sudden change brought by the pandemic and to proffer modification to the present model of care. The study was done through in-depth interviews of expert and snowballed sampled professionals involved in the care of autistic children. The study found that it was impossible to continue some interventions during the lockdown;while it was possible to continue some interventions online, it was difficult to deliver;for other interventions, the delivery was inadequate. This led to deterioration in the clinical, psychological, or social status of these autistic children. The researcher concludes that there is a need to redesign the model of care for autistic children in Lagos to make it resilient to all forms of future disruptions. It was recommended that home-based care and software applications and animations fit for local needs be developed for assessment and interventions.

2.
Revista de la Universidad Industrial de Santander ; 53(21), 2022.
Article in Spanish | GIM | ID: covidwho-2081183

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The first case of COVID-19 was reported in Santander on March 15, 2020.

3.
Vestnik Rossiyskoy voyenno meditsinskoy akademii ; 2:187-198, 2021.
Article in Russian | GIM | ID: covidwho-2081168

ABSTRACT

The presented analysis makes it possible to expand the understanding of the issue concerning the immunopathogenesis of COVID-19, the mechanisms of the onset and development of the disease in a living organism, the formation of an immune response to the new coronavirus, and also to determine the therapeutic tactics of managing patients with severe coronavirus infection. Elucidating the mechanisms of the emergence and development of a new coronavirus infection can help scientists, general practitioners, clinicians, and laboratory physicians respond correctly to the COVID-19 pandemic.

4.
Sleep ; 45(Suppl. 1):1, 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-2077831

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in substantial changes in social interactions, work schedules, and socioeconomic factors that may negatively impact sleep onset, maintenance, and quality. The ongoing stress of the pandemic also may exacerbate existing racial/ethnic disparities in sleep health. In this study, we examined the effects of COVID-19 related distress on sleep-related impairment and sleep disturbances among trauma-exposed South Asian adults. Since a health advantage among foreign-born individuals has been previously noted in the literature (the "immigrant paradox"), we also assessed whether generational status (i.e., being born in the U.S. or not) moderated associations between COVID-19 related distress and sleep outcomes.

5.
Journal of the National Institute of Public Health ; 70(5):579-586, 2021.
Article in Japanese | GIM | ID: covidwho-2073856

ABSTRACT

Objectives: Although the nutritional status of children is affected by receiving or not receiving school lunch, the actual state of school lunches among children during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic has not been clarified. Therefore, we conducted a nationwide survey of the status of school lunch provision from April to October 2020 to clarify the actual situation of school lunches during the COVID-19 epidemic.

6.
Medicina ; 82(2):181-184, 2022.
Article in Spanish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2073185

ABSTRACT

Despite standard thrombo prophylaxis, venous thrombosis is common in critically ill patients with COVID-19. The objective of this study was to evaluate deep venous thrombosis (DVT) incidence in patients with severe COVID-19 pneumonia with mechanical ventilation requirements under intermediate dose of chemical thromboprophylaxis (1 mg/kg/day of enoxaparin). This was a single-center, descriptive, cross-sectional study of prospectively collected data. An active and systematic protocol with venous doppler was carried out for DVT diagnosis in lower limbs (or in jugulo-subclavian venous confluence) every 7 days. Weekly doppler evaluation was continued until the end of mechanical ventilation, up to 28 days of intensive care unit admission, until death or until the thromboprophylaxis suspension for any cause. Forty-six patients were included. DVT was diagnosed in 5 (3 in lower limbs and 2 in jugulo-subclavian conflu ent). In 3 cases, DVT was catheter-related (2 in lower limbs and 1 in jugulo-subclavian confluent), 2 died during follow-up due to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) complications without thrombotic events or major bleeding. All thrombotic events were asymptomatic. In our series of patients with moderate/severe COVID-19 ARDS, DVT incidence was 10.9% under thromboprophylaxis with intermediate dose (1 mg/kg/day) of enoxaparin.

7.
Clinical Nephrology ; 95(3):151-155, 2021.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-2072982

ABSTRACT

Background: The recent SARS-CoV-2 outbreak represents a global health emergency, and dialysis patients are a high-risk population. Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in hemodialysis facilities require specific protocols to be planned and promptly executed for the management of suspected/confirmed cases of COVID-19 with respect to prevention, protection, screening, and isolation. Materials and methods: In order to prevent the spread of SARS-CoV-2 in our Hemodialysis Unit. we adopted individual protection measures accompanied by measures to minimize contacts among hemodialysis patients with suspicious symptoms as well as other patients and medical staff. We provided our patients detailed instructions to be followed in the event of their having symptoms compatible with SARS-CoV-2 infection or having contacts with SARS-CoV-2-positive subjects. Ultimately, four possible scenarios and care paths were developed and implemented in collaboration with the Infectious Diseases and Emergency Units at the Padua University Hospital.

8.
CAB Abstracts; 2022.
Preprint in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: ppcovidwho-345451

ABSTRACT

Background: Over 50 million cases of COVID-19 have been confirmed globally as of November 2020. Evidence is rapidly emerging on the epidemiology of COVID-19, and its impact on individuals and potential burden on health services and society. Between 10-35% of people with COVID-19 may experience post-acute long Covid. This currently equates to between 8,129 and 28,453 people in Scotland. Some of these people will require rehabilitation to support their recovery. Currently, we do not know how to optimally configure community rehabilitation services for people with long Covid.

9.
Journal of Clinical and Basic Research ; 6(1):37-45, 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-2057220

ABSTRACT

Background and objectives: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is one of the most important healthcare and social challenges. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) on depression and quality of life among women with chronic pain during the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown.

10.
Journal of Clinical and Basic Research ; 6(1):11-27, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2057219

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a severe acute respiratory disease with a high prevalence. According to the research and statistical data, in January 2021, there have been 92,262,621 confirmed cases of COVID-19 and more than two million deaths. Infection with the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is the main cause of this disease. In addition to the respiratory system, the disease affects the gastrointestinal tract, central-peripheral nervous system, circulatory system, and kidneys. Therefore, any therapeutic action to reduce COVID-19-related symptoms and complications is essential. In this study, we conducted a systematic review of the published literature and preprints on the efficacy of erythropoietin (EPO) and recombinant human EPO as a safe stimulant and tissue protector in the treatment of COVID-19. We also briefly described the structure of coronavirus, its pathogenesis, and the structure of EPO and recombinant human EPO. All relevant articles published in the Science Direct, PubMed, and Google Scholar databases were searched. According to the results, EPO is a cytoprotective cytokine induced by hypoxia. The pleiotropic effects of EPO are associated with its erythrocyte-forming, anti-apoptotic, anti-inflammatory activities. It also exerts protective effects on the heart, lungs, kidneys, arteries, and central and peripheral nervous systems. It has been demonstrated that EPO can increase hemoglobin levels, thereby increasing oxygen delivery to the tissues. Therefore, recombinant human EPO therapy can be used for counteracting the adverse effects of COVID-19 including hypoxic myocarditis, acute renal failure, pulmonary edema, and brain-spinal cord ischemic injury. Overall, the use of EPO and recombinant human EPO therapy increases blood coagulation, tumor growth, thromboembolism, and purification of red blood cells, which must be accompanied by anticoagulants such as heparin.

11.
Journal of Guilan University of Medical Sciences ; 30(2), 2021.
Article in Persian | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2057029

ABSTRACT

The current study sought to examine the clinical, laboratory, and imaging aspects of COVID-19-positive critically sick patients who were admitted to the intensive care units (ICUs) at three hospitals in Rash City, Iran. The goal of this retrospective study was to examine 138 COVID-19 patients who had been hospitalized to the intensive care unit. Data on the study participants' demographics, underlying diseases, laboratory and imaging results, and prognosis of the diseases were taken from their medical records. 138 COVID-19 patients who were hospitalised to the intensive care unit were the subject of this retrospective analysis. Patient records were used to extract information about the patient, including demographic details, underlying diseases, laboratory and imaging results, and disease outcomes. The majority of the patients in this study were male and between the ages of 55 and 69. The most prevalent underlying conditions were diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and chronic heart disease;the most prevalent symptoms were shortness of breath, fever, and cough. The most prevalent lung Computer Tomography (CT) scan finding was ground glass opacities, and the most frequent laboratory findings in the study participants were an increase in LDH, ESR, CRP, neutrophil percentage, and lymphopenia. A 90.58% fatality rate was recorded. This study showed that the majority of patients with severe disease presentations were older, had a history of underlying disease, symptoms of shortness of breath, cough, and fever, substantial lung involvement in imaging, and altered laboratory findings. Despite medical treatment and mechanical ventilation, mortality remained high.

12.
Revista de Investigacion en Agroproduccion Sustentable ; 6(1):1-9, 2022.
Article in Spanish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2056879

ABSTRACT

Efficiency in shrimp farming is due to the use of an extensive system that includes fewer larvae per pool, which increases productivity, improves financial results, and even the environmental impacts generated during these operations. The objective of this study was to identify the factors that affect supply in the Ecuadorian shrimp sector. To this end, some statistical techniques such as linear regression and hypothesis testing were used. A bibliographic study was carried out regarding shrimp production in Ecuador, taking as reference the data provided by the National Chamber of Aquaculture and public control entities and reviewing the unprecedented impact on the current COVID19 sanitary crisis and the reduction of shrimp demand affecting Ecuador's income. Finally, it was observed that the research variables considered directly impact crustacean production, and a mathematical model was established.

13.
Dermatologia, Revista Mexicana ; 66(2):196-204, 2022.
Article in Spanish | GIM | ID: covidwho-2056850

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the frequency of skin manifestations in a period of 3 months after COVID-19. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospective and longitudinal study done from October 1st to November 30th, 2020, in which patients older than 18 years, recovered from COVID-19, were evaluated from day 14 to day 90 after the infectious process. RESULTS: There were included 204 patients (113 women and 91 men);51% of patients developed symptoms and hair loss was the most frequent of them, followed by itching and xerosis. Telogen effluvium was the most frequent diagnosis (29.4%), with a mean disease onset of 39.15 days;11.6% developed rash, the most common was the morbilliform and papulosquamous rash. CONCLUSIONS: The most frequent form of cutaneous affection in postinfectious period of COVID-19 is telogen effluvium;however, it is possible to find other manifestations, such as xerosis cutis and rash.

14.
Dermatologia, Revista Mexicana ; 66(1):16-24, 2022.
Article in Spanish | GIM | ID: covidwho-2056849

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: During the pandemic, the use of multiple products for disinfection and prevention of COVID-19 transmission was widespread, many of them topically administered. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and factors associated with the perception and use of topical products for the prevention of COVID-19 in Peruvian populations., MATERIALS AND METHODS: Analytical cross-sectional study of secondary data analysis was done applying a survey to Peruvian adults, who were asked about the belief or use of different products, according to whether they believed in or used at least one of them. In addition, the association was sought according to socio-educational and occupational characteristics. RESULTS: There were included 3509 participants. The product that they perceived the most that could prevent COVID-19 was the mixture of 4% sodium hypochlorite, vinegar and alcohol (37%), but the one they used the most was 4% sodium hypochlorite (11%). In the multivariate analysis, it was found that women were those who had a positive perception of the topical use of these products (p value < 0.001), adjusted for the marital status of the respondents. However, when the use was analyzed, women were the ones who used these products the least (p value = 0.028), those who were working used these products the most (p value = 0.010). CONCLUSIONS: The results show that the Peruvian population does not perceive or use topical products to prevent COVID-19.

15.
African Journal of Infectious Diseases ; 16(2):80-96, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2056737

ABSTRACT

Background: The 2'-O-methyltransferase is responsible for the capping of SARS-CoV-2 mRNA and consequently the evasion of the host's immune system. This study aims at identifying prospective natural inhibitors of the active site of SARS-CoV-2 2'O-methyltransferase (2'-OMT) through an in silico approach. Materials and Method: The target was docked against a library of natural compounds obtained from edible African plants using PyRx - virtual screening software. The antiviral agent, Dolutegravir which has a binding affinity score of -8.5 kcal mol-1 with the SARS-CoV-2 2'-OMT was used as a standard. Compounds were screened for bioavailability through the SWISSADME web server using their molecular descriptors. Screenings for pharmacokinetic properties and bioactivity were performed with PKCSM and Molinspiration web servers respectively. The PLIP and Fpocket webservers were used for the binding site analyses. The Galaxy webserver was used for simulating the time-resolved motions of the apo and holo forms of the target while the MDWeb web server was used for the analyses of the trajectory data.

16.
African Journal of Infectious Diseases ; 16(2):55-62, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2056736

ABSTRACT

Background: Healthcare providers have been at the frontline of the response to the COVID-19 disease. Many of them have contracted the disease, and some of them already dead. This study assessed the knowledge, compliance with preventive measures and determined the relationship between knowledge and practice of preventive strategies to COVID-19 among nurses working in a selected hospital in South-South Nigeria. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional descriptive design guided the study. Census method guided the recruitment of all the 378 nurses in the hospital who met the study's inclusion criteria.

17.
Saude e Pesquisa ; 14(2):333-340, 2021.
Article in Portuguese, English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2056619

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to identify the incidence of COVID-19 according to the positivity of the rapid tests and the associated factors in the population of the state of Para. This is a cross-sectional, analytical, retrospective study, developed with cases of COVID-19 in individuals notified and residing in the state of Para. Information was collected on the State Transparency Portal. Positivity for rapid tests of the disease was considered as the outcome variable. Logistic regression analysis was applied to identify associations between variables. The incidence of COVID-19 was 46% (95% CI: 45.7-46.2). Being male, over 80 years old and waiting 22 days or more to perform the tests after the onset of symptoms increased the chances for a positive result. It can be concluded that there is a high incidence of COVID-19 in the state. Non-pharmacological measures and case tracking strategies are important alternatives to mitigate the pandemic.

18.
Saude e Pesquisa ; 14(2):247-259, 2021.
Article in Portuguese, English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2056618

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to assess the quality of life (QOL) of dental students in the 2019 Coronavirus Disease pandemic (COVID-19). A cross-sectional study was carried out with undergraduate students in Dentistry from Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) in the state of Ceara, Brazil. Data collection took place in May 2020, online, using questionnaires with sociodemographic, course-related and behavioral variables, in addition to the World Health Organization Questionnaire for Quality of Life-bref (WHOQOL-bref). Multinomial logistic regression was performed. 864 students participated in this study. Variables such as higher income (p = 0.034), having religion (p = 0.010), having health insurance (p = 0.005), satisfaction with sleep quality (p < 0.001), absence of insomnia (p < 0.001) and practicing physical activity always (p < 0.001) were associated with greater satisfaction regarding QOL. The QoL of dental students was classified in the dissatisfaction category, being perhaps impacted by the pandemic of COVID-19. Variables that reflected a more economically favorable living condition were associated with satisfaction with the quality of life of this public in the COVID-19 pandemic.

19.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; 43(7):1061-1065, 2022.
Article in Chinese | GIM | ID: covidwho-2056575

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate mental health and its associated factors in college students during COVID-19 confinement in campus, and to provide a scientific basis for mental health education.

20.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; 43(7):1055-1060, 2022.
Article in Chinese | GIM | ID: covidwho-2056574

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the prevalence and related factors of depressive symptoms in Chinese college students before and after the COVID-19 epidemic and to provide a reference for mental health education and management.

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