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1.
Hum Vaccin Immunother ; : 1-4, 2022 Apr 13.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2187749

ABSTRACT

The choice of the vaccine packaging type either as single- or multi-dose vial is a crucial determinant of vaccine coverage. The experience of vaccination strategies in lower-middle-income countries suggests that multi-dose vaccine vials translate into greater economic-logistic advantages due to lower packaging and storage costs with significant environmental benefits accrued from reduced medical waste generation. However, the use of multi-dose vials is associated with a theoretical risk of contamination particularly from human error. Moreover, the overall economic advantage of multi-dose vials is contingent on the reduction of the extent of vaccine wastage associated with their use. Robust data collection for monitoring of vaccine wastage rates and adverse effects following immunization is therefore needed to understand the extent of economic benefit and risks involved with multi-dose vial use.

2.
JAMA ; 329(1):9, 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2172179

ABSTRACT

An annual report from the World Health Organization (WHO) and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) warns that substantial progress toward global measles elimination saw setbacks during the COVID-19 pandemic that put millions of children at risk for the highly contagious disease. According to the Nov 25 Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR), an estimated 24.7 million children worldwide missed their first measles vaccine dose through routine immunization services in 2021, and another 14.7 million missed their second dose. Because measles transmits so efficiently, 89% to 94% vaccination coverage is needed to achieve herd immunity depending on the setting, according to a 2017 WHO position paper. The new report estimated that global measles vaccination coverage for the first dose in the 2-dose series decreased from a peak of 86% in 2019 to 81% in 2021, the lowest coverage since 2008. Along with vaccination coverage, the new report found that global measles surveillance also has decreased.

4.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; 50(10):1103-1110, 2022.
Article in Chinese | GIM | ID: covidwho-2170095

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19) can evolve rapidly via genetic mutation. At present, SARS-CoV-2 variants have been categorized as of concern variants(B.1.1.7, B.1.351, P.1,B.1.617.2 and B.1.1.529), variants of interest (B.1.427/B.1.429, P.2, B.1.525, P.3, B.1.526, B.1.617.1, C.37 and B.1.621) and variants under monitoring. These variants have had a significant impact on with significant impact on transmissibility of virus,morbidity, reinfection and mortality in the population. Compared to other variants, Omicron new variant has characteristics such as strong infectivity, immune escape, causing a high risk of infection surges. This review outlines genetic characteristics of SARS-CoV-2 variants, the epidemiological, gene mutation and clinical characteristics of new variant Omicron of SARS-CoV-2, the collection method and detective method of SARS-CoV-2 specimen, vaccination and treatment for COVID-19,in order to provide guidance for the prevention and treatment of SARS-CoV-2.

5.
Pharmaceutical Technology ; 45(10):52-56, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2170032
6.
Lex et Scientia ; XXIX(2), 2022.
Article in French | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2170014
7.
Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences ; 84(3-A):No Pagination Specified, 2023.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2169904

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic which began in March of 2020 was the start of a crisis no one ever anticipated experiencing in our lifetime. Education was impacted on many levels and the effects continue today. K-12 schools experienced a new way of teaching and learning when forced to utilize modes of online learning to continue with school as communities faced COVID-19 fears and waves of sickness until a vaccine was made available. Although COVID-19 has now began to dissipate, schools continue to face instructional gaps with students having lost instruction for a little over a year on top of the already existing instructional gaps. Lives have been affected with staff, students, and families having experienced COVID-19 or lost a friend or family member to it. Educational leaders had not experienced leading through a crisis such as a pandemic. This qualitative study is expected to make a crucial contribution to the existing body of literature of crisis leadership and traditional leadership approaches. Six principals in South Texas school districts were interviewed to gain a better understanding of their experiences and leadership approaches and skills they utilized as they navigated through uncharted territories. Major themes across the participant data included: (1) crisis informs leadership, (2) crisis reshapes leadership approaches, (3) crisis hones leadership skills, (4) crisis required addressing social emotional realm, and (5) crisis reshapes instruction. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2023 APA, all rights reserved)

8.
Revista Cubana de Salud Publica ; 48(2), 2022.
Article in Spanish | GIM | ID: covidwho-2169646

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Cuba is a country with development in the biotechnology and medicines field, where pharmacoeconomic studies provide significant evidence for decision-making;mainly at present when the country is immersed in the "Task of Ordering" and at the same time is affected by the pandemic of the new coronavirus.

9.
Revista de Derecho Político ; - (115):171-204, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2169632

ABSTRACT

La exigencia del certificado COVID-19 por parte de las Consejerías de Salud autonómicas -generalizada en diciembre de 2021- para entrar en establecimientos de ocio y restauración y centros sociosanitarios pretendía contener la pandemia y animar a la vacunación. Dada la novedad de la medida, el desarrollo doctrinal es aún incipiente. El pasaporte COVID-19 autonómico limita, entre otros, los siguientes derechos fundamentales: igualdad en la ley, integridad física, intimidad y las libertades de circulación y de empresa. Este trabajo analiza la habilitación legal de este instrumento para establecer dichas injerencias, su proporcionalidad y la constitucionalidad de la medida como estímulo (nudge) de la vacunación teniendo en cuenta su verdadera eficacia y seguridad. Cierra el estudio una reflexión sobre la adecuación a la CE de la campaña general de vacunación contra la COVID-19.Alternate :The requirement of the COVID-19 certificate by the regional Ministries of Health generalised in December 2021 to access leisure, catering and socio-healthcare establishments as an instrument to contain the pandemic and encourage vaccination limits, among others, the following fundamental rights: equality, physical integrity, privacy, freedom of movement and free enterprise. Given its novelty the literature on the topic is still in its infancy. This work analyses the legal basis of this instrument to establish such limitations, its proportionality and the constitutionality of the measure as a nudge to promote vaccination taking into account its real effectiveness and safety. The study concludes evaluating the general COVID-19 vaccination campaign's constitutionality.

10.
American Journal of Public Health ; 112:S869-S873, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2169452

ABSTRACT

People who live and work In carcera! settings are at high risk for COVID-19.1 As of September 30, 2022, at least 622 968 people incarcerated in US prisons and 230168 staff members had been diagnosed with COVID-19, and 3185 had died.2 Compared with rates among the general population, average COVID-19 case rates in state and federal prisons are five times higher3 and mortality rates are at least double.4,5 Likewise, communities that are near correctional facilities have higher rates of COVID-19.6 Carceral systems, however, have not been fully integrated into public health responses to the pandemic. Few local governments have incorporated jails and prisons into their strategies for COVID-19 response and preparedness.7 The World Health Organization's recent comprehensive framework for COVID-19 response recommends that all countries conduct a substantive equity and inclusion analysis to inform programming, which should rely on "meaningful participation, collaboration, and consultation with subpopulations experiencing poverty and social exclusion. Because of this, it went entirely unenforced because enforcing rules in a carceral setting leads to conflict. Some people said joint vaccination and testing campaigns would facilitate trust in both groups;others said mental health services for correctional staff would foster professionalism in their interactions with incarcerated people.

11.
European Journal of Molecular and Clinical Medicine ; 9(7):4001-4006, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2169369

ABSTRACT

Background: Due to COVID-19 pandemic there was implementation of preventive measures like lockdown, mobility restriction and fear had an impact on routine immunization of children. There are significantly increases the susceptibility window for vaccine preventable diseases due to delayed vaccination in under five children. The objective of study is to know the trend of routine immunization of previous five year and to assess the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on routine immunization of children of age group up to 7 years at tertiary care hospital at Pune. Method(s): A hospital-based cross-sectional study was conducted in a tertiary care hospital of Pune city from the month of January 2017 to December 2021. All the data of immunization from age group 0 to 7 years present at tertiary care center Pune, was compared and analysed. Data is expressed as numbers and percentages and means. Chi-square test was used to compare observed results with expected results. Result(s): In year 2020, there was a declining trend of all vaccines among children compared to previous 3 years. In year 2019, 2020, 2021, number of children vaccinated are 6547, 4052, and 5062 respectively. Out of this 1078(16%), 1089(26.9%), 1165(23%) children had delayed vaccination in year 2019, 2020, 2021 respectively. There was highly significant increase in delayed vaccination of children in COVID-19 period. Conclusion(s): The routine immunization of children was decreased and delayed due to COVID-19 pandemic. This is an alarming finding to prevent reappearance of new epidemics of vaccine preventable diseases.Actions should be taken to avoid delayed routine immunization in future. Copyright © 2022 Ubiquity Press. All rights reserved.

12.
General Medicine ; 24(5):16-20, 2022.
Article in Bulgarian | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2169367

ABSTRACT

Surveys of public sentiments show that Bulgarians are the most skeptical about immunizations against Coronavirus, due to which our country takes one of the last places in the EU in terms of vaccination coverage. The aim of the study was to identify the reasons for negative attitudes and to formulate recommendations for effective solutions that raise the reliable public awareness and minimize skepticism. Both documentary and sociological methods were used in the study. 459 people were interviewed and 43 in-depth interviews were conducted within the period of November-December 2021. Conclusions and recommendations: The absence, for a long time, of a national system-structured information campaign and the later misconducted one, combined with a wave of infodemic, are the main reasons for the negative sentiments about the vaccination against Covid-19. The creation of permanent information centers in settlements and the opportunity for personal contact of citizens with locally proven medical authorities will help to overcome the negative attitudes. Copyright © 2022, Central Medical Library Medical University - Sofia. All rights reserved.

13.
Paideusis ; 29(3):197, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2169257

ABSTRACT

This research paper considers the place of the European lifelong-learning philosophical concept of Bildung (self-formation) and how Socratic questioning activities might be used to facilitate its development. Originating with the great philosophical thinkers of the German Renaissance, it is a concept that is again attracting attention because of its focus on developing the "whole" person and its potential for developing phronesis"practical wisdom." The primary source of research data is a podcast in which a diverse group of BAME (Black, Asian, and minority ethnic) learners discuss COVID-19 vaccinations from their own cultural perspectives through a Socratic dialogue. During this process, Bildung was developed by participants recognizing mutual concerns during this process, and Gadamer's (1960/1989) hermeneutic dialectical concept known as the "Fusion of Horizons" was played out. The dialogue identifies "trust" as an essential moral value and one that is needed in any just and stable society. This research suggests an alternative educational paradigm should be realised that lends itself better to developing Bildung and phronesis. The implications of this for teacher training are discussed and why it is important to develop "phronetic" educators. Reference is made to what this might look like in reality by highlighting the use of Socratic questioning in Danish folk high schools and how they have made the philosophical concept of Bildung central to their mission.

14.
Journal of Political Studies ; 29(2):1-12, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2169117

ABSTRACT

This paper discusses the use of social media by the ruling party BJP and its opposition, especially Congress, during the pandemic in India. The party at the centre has used social media, especially for two reasons;firstly, the BJP leveraged social media to promote the image of India as a "responsible sovereign" at the global level during the COVID-19 pandemic. The Indian government, under the leadership of Narendra Modi, has exported drugs and medicines to different countries during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. The party has extensively used social media platforms, especially Twitter, to engage with global leaders during the pandemic. Secondly, the party and its right-wing supporters have used social media to highlight the achievements of Modi 's government at the domestic level. The ruling party has used a "free vaccination campaign " for its political gains, and Narendra Modi was portrayed as the "savior" of the Indian people during the pandemic. The BJP and its supporters have also employed social media to target Muslim minorities during the pandemic. This paper also discusses the opposition parties' use of social media, especially Congress, during the pandemic phase in India. The opposition parties have mainly used social media to target and expose the weaknesses of Modi's government in handling the pandemic in India. This paper analyses the different themes, such as the ruling party's use of social media to promote its image both at the global and at domestic level, targeting of Muslims for spreading coronavirus, role of opposition parties, internal disputes, international status-seeking, and vaccine diplomacy. To fulfill the requirements of this study, both primary and secondary data collection methods were used.

15.
Community Practitioner ; 95(6):10-12, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2169068

ABSTRACT

Polio virus, which causes a deadly disease that used to paralyze tens of thousands of children worldwide every year in the 1950s and 60s, is now spreading in London, New York and Jerusalem. It's happening for the first time in decades, spurring catch-up vaccination campaigns. A type 2 virus, related to the strain in the live oral vaccine used overseas, was first identified in samples from sewage works in north London in February. The virus has since been found in eight more treatment plants in different districts of the capital. Decades ago, before the introduction of the polio vaccination programme, up to 8000 people would develop paralysis due to polio every year in the UK.

16.
Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering ; 84(2-B):No Pagination Specified, 2023.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2169016

ABSTRACT

Online misinformation has been shown to be a significant threat, with measurable real world impact. This has become especially evident during the COVID-19 crisis, where online spaces saw the propagation of false or inaccurate information on healthcare, protective equipment, vaccines, and more;causing major public health repercussions. Although many video-based online platforms are used as vehicles of such misinformation and are counted as some of the most popular and influential social media platforms, current research faces a lack of systemic methodology to analyze such content and detect potential misinformation efforts. This work proposes a solution by introducing an adaptable framework. This framework provides indicators of potential misinformation campaigns, addresses issues of large data volumes, and takes into consideration multiple classes of features such as media content, engagement, and user networks. The goal of this research is to integrate into larger, user-facing systems and help members of the information community, data scientists, journalists, or policy makers to make sense of impossibly large information environments and take action based on reliable data. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

17.
Contemporary Pediatrics ; 39(10):48, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2168880
18.
Journal of Current Pharma Research ; 13(2):1-9, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2168766

ABSTRACT

The new Coronavirus disease (COVID-19] has been spreading across the globe, and Japan is no exception. As of September 2021, the medical system in Japan appeared overburdened, and depending on the location, the healthcare system may likely collapse. Even if a patient's condition warrants admission to a hospital, he/she may be forced to isolate at home, which could prove fatal at times. However, the situation may be different for influential people such as politicians and celebrities, who can access treatment on a priority basis, compared to the general population. In this article, we discuss how such a difference arises and how it matters.

19.
European Journal of Molecular and Clinical Medicine ; 9(7):7737-7745, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2168641

ABSTRACT

Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the need for analgesia in patients undergoing single-visit root canal treatment, within 2 days after COVID-19 immunisation. Method(s): Two days after receiving the COVID-19 vaccination, 50 patients undergoing Single visit root canal treatments for acute pulpits in molar teeth were divided into two groups of 25 each (Group M for males and Group F for females). Each patient was given a prescription for 650 mg of acetaminophen (Dolo 650 mg) tablets to be taken eight hours a day, with instructions to use the same only if needed for pain. They were instructed to keep a record of the number of tablets consumed as per record sheet 1, and if the pain did not subside then a stronger analgesic, Ketorolac DT 10 mg twice a day, had to be taken and recorded. Result(s): In Group M, the mean number of analgesic tablets required was 0.44+/-0.64 and in Group F, the mean number of analgesic tablets required was 0.80+/-1.09. Although the mean analgesic requirement was higher in females as compared to males, the difference of 0.80+/-1.09 between the two groups was not significant statistically (0.360). Conclusion(s): Within the limitations of this study, it is concluded that acetaminophen is effective in relieving post-obturation pain after a single-visit RCT in patients recently vaccinated against the CoVid-19. Copyright © 2022 Ubiquity Press. All rights reserved.

20.
Community Practitioner ; 95(6):24-27, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2168534

ABSTRACT

It is three years since a cluster of cases of pneumonia of unknown cause was reported in Wuhan in China. Little did many know how soon lives around the world would be upended. Many people now feel that the pandemic is behind them, and very few are still testing regularly, but in reality, Covid is still with them. In fact, a spike with new variants is predicted with some unease by researchers in the field for this winter: quite possibly combined with influenza, to constitute a 'twindemic'. Alongside this, there is an increasing awareness that 'long Covid' can keep people ill or disabled for a considerable length of time. So for any clients sinking into Covid vaccination apathy, it's worth reminding them of the realities, and that studies have suggested vaccination can reduce the risk of long Covid. Research into the immunity required to protect against long Covid, as well as the role of new variants, continues.

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