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1.
Journal of Agricultural Science ; 14(2):113-121, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1818581

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus has disrupted aquaculture activities at all levels. The pandemic has had effect on farmer's input, output, market, revenue, and contact with Extension officers. To reduce the growing effect of the pandemic, the use of Information Communication Technologies has become necessary as farmers can get easy access to extension agents and monitor farm activities while reducing exposure to the virus. Hence, this research was conducted to determine fish farmer's willingness to pay for improved Information Communication Technologies in bridging the gap caused by the Coronavirus outbreak. The study used cross-sectional survey with data collected from Ibadan, Nigeria. Simple random sampling technique was used to select a sample size of 40 farmers. Primary data was analysed using StataSE13.0 and the results revealed that;80% of farmers were affected by Coronavirus and acknowledged that Information Communication Technologies play a role in their activities (55%). The probit regression revealed that the scale of operation, age of farmer, household size, status in the household, and usage of Information Communication Technologies were found to be statistically significant determinants of farmer's willingness to pay. These points to the fact that improved Information Communication Technologies are relevant to sustain aquaculture output in the face of Coronavirus. The study recommends that the government, the ministry for aquaculture, and stakeholders in aquaculture should support small-scale in the form of training, credit and provision of support systems to help them acquire and use improved ICTs.

2.
International Journal of Medical Informatics ; 163:104783, 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-1814526

ABSTRACT

Background The impacts of electronic medical record implementation on nurses, the largest healthcare workforce, have not been comprehensively examined. Negative impacts on nurses have implications for quality of patient care delivery and workforce retention. Objective To investigate changes in nurses’ well-being, intention to stay, burnout, work engagement, satisfaction, motivation and experience using technology pre- and post-implementation of an organisation-wide electronic medical record in Victoria, Australia. Methods The natural experiment comprised an electronic medical record system implementation across six hospitals of a large tertiary healthcare organisation. Cross-sectional surveys were collected pre-electronic medical record implementation prior to the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic in 2019, and 18-months post-electronic medical record implementation during the pandemic in 2020, and findings compared. Results A total of 942 surveys were analysed (550 pre-electronic medical record (response rate 15.52%) and 392 post-electronic medical record (response rate 9.50%)). Post-electronic medical record, nurses’ work satisfaction (r = 0.23, p=<0.001), intention to stay (r = 0.11, p = 0.001) and well-being (r = 0.17, p=<0.001) decreased. Nurses’ perceived competence increased (r = 0.10, p = 0.002) despite decreased autonomy (r = 0.10, p = 0.003). Two of three dimensions of work engagement worsened (vigour r = 0.13, p=<0.001;dedication r = 0.13, p=<0.001) and all dimensions of burnout increased (exhaustion r = 0.08, p = 0.012, cynicism r = 0.07, p = 0.04 and reduced efficiency r = 0.32, p=<0.001). Nurses reported more burnout symptoms (95% CI 4.6–4.7%, p = 0.036), were less engaged (95% CI 49.6–49.9%, p=<0.001) and career trajectory satisfaction decreased (r = 0.15, p=<0.001). Matched data from 52 nurses showed changes in the same direction for all items except career trajectory satisfaction, hence validated findings from the larger unmatched sample. Conclusions Implementation of an electronic medical record immediately followed by the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic was associated with negative changes in nurses’ well-being, intention to stay, burnout, work engagement and satisfaction.

3.
Natural Volatiles & Essential Oils ; 8(5):4758-4768, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1812826

ABSTRACT

Coronovirus disease has demanded the concept "work from home" (WFH) into an authoritatively instructed, firmly forced law. Organizations in order that energize social distancing and race with time in battling the local spread of the virus now the working from home notion rising from all sectors, from IT sectors to teaching sectors. The work from home concept is new to majority of the employees. As the employees are undergo innovative atmosphere, this research paper aims to figure out the experience of the employees while WFH. This research is undertaken to have an insight on how organizations and individuals experience and perception towards the adaptability of these changes and challenges. Though, the working from home concept decreases the expenditure of the employees, they want to face the fear of unknown, inadequate communication at work, lack of accuracy and direction, interruptions while working from home consequent loss of resources like time and energy etc., which leads to prolonged stress to the employees and crisis in the work. This research found that the employee's readiness to work from home is entirely dependent on the employees comfort, workspace and good internet connectivity. This study efforts out the interest and experience of the workers in employed work from home when compared to operational in office and employee's perception towards it.

4.
Natural Volatiles & Essential Oils ; 8(5):9761-9768, 2021.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-1812646

ABSTRACT

The use of ICT in education spread to every corner of the world during the Covid-19 Pandemic. It detached the students from social contact. It was the only available alternative way to continue the teaching-learning process by staying at home. Many students were not capable of participating in their online teaching-learning. This study accomplishes its survey in the second wave of the Covid-19 with the help of scheduled interviews with 400 samples studying in secondary schools. It focuses on the self-study habit of the students during the period of schools closed due to the Covid-19 Pandemic. This study reveals a high positive correlation of the self-study habit of the students with participation in their online teaching-learning, and the value of correlation is rt=0.74 (tetrachoric r). The present study partially unfolds the hidden picture of the educational havoc due to the second wave of the Pandemic due to the poor economic condition of their family.

5.
International Transaction Journal of Engineering Management & Applied Sciences & Technologies ; 12(13):14, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1811437

ABSTRACT

The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has infected millions of people worldwide, overwhelming health infrastructures. The common symptoms are fever, cough, sore throat, muscle pain, headache, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea, similar to the symptoms of common flu in mild and moderate cases. The distinguishing signs of common flu from that of COVID-19 are invisible until patients start feeling shortness of breath when the infection attacks the respiratory system in severe cases. At this stage, patients require immediate medical attention and hospitalization. In developing countries where health facilities are not adequate and costlier radiological tests like computed tomography (CT)-scans are scarce, diagnosis becomes a challenging task. The clarity comes only when a COVID- 19 test is conducted, which has its own time limitations depriving the patient of specialized treatment until the patient tests positive. In far to reach rural areas identification of COVID-19 induced pneumonia cases with the help of chest X-rays is more difficult with substandard medical infrastructure and a handful of expert radiologists available. This work detects COVID-19 induced Pneumonia with the help of chest X-rays. The used dataset includes COVID-19-infected patients' chest X-ray images as well as normal non-COVID chest X-Ray images. A Lightweight Stacked Convolutional Neural Network was created to extract fine details and information from images, assisting in the detection of COVID-19 caused pneumonia cases. For evaluation, we assessed the developed Neural Network model on a test validation set consisting of hundreds of chest X-Ray images. The suggested Neural Network's average test accuracy was determined to be 98.76%, with per-class accuracy of 99.40% for detecting COVID-19 cases and 98.42% for detecting normal cases.

6.
International Transaction Journal of Engineering Management & Applied Sciences & Technologies ; 12(13):12, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1811436

ABSTRACT

Digital technology-enabled personalized and adaptive learning has emerged as a critical tool for educational institutions to satisfy the evolving needs of their students, particularly in a dynamic environment like COVID-19. Such learning provides students the necessary guidance and flexibility required in a learner-centered environment, thus improving student performance. The current study leverages the TOE model to develop an institutional-level DT-PAL student learning framework. The framework suggests that digital technology-enabled personalized and adaptive learning can provide the students with the necessary personalization, flexibility, and adaptability to meet their learning needs and enhance their learning performance. The DT-PAL framework also suggests that COVID-19 and national culture complement the relationship between digital technology-enabled personalized and adaptive learning and student performance. The analysis of Saudi national culture on Hofstede cultural dimensions suggests that digital technology-enabled personalized and adaptive learning can foster student creativity, improve teaching-learning methodologies, bridge the gender divide, increase professionalism, improve evaluation methods, and streamline curriculum. The knowledge generated by this study can help Saudi Arabia to meet its digital transformation goals under National Transformation Program. Other countries can use the knowledge generated by this study to transform their education sector and improve the learning performance of their students.

7.
Journal of Wound Care ; 31(Sup4):S3-S3, 2022.
Article in English | CINAHL | ID: covidwho-1811406

ABSTRACT

An introduction is presented in which the editor discusses articles in the issue with topics including the 2022 World Union of Wound Healing Societies (WUWHS) Congress, skin graft fixations and modified negative pressure wound therapy.

8.
Fostering communication and learning with underutilized technologies in higher education ; : 93-107, 2021.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-1810417

ABSTRACT

The role of information technology (IT) transforming higher education (HE) institutions is flourishing. Students, lecturers, and faculty staff adopt overarching platforms and applications that are driven by ubiquitous technology such as big data and cloud computing to support their teaching and learning activities. In this chapter, the authors analysed cases of EdTechs (apps) used in the higher education institutions (HEIs) and their impact on teaching and learning processes. They draw the benefits, challenges, and appropriate cases pertaining to the apps used in HEIs in supporting such processes. They find that EdTechs have a high potential to provide better education for students, easier teaching process for lecturers, and clearer managerial process for administrators and faculty members. The chapter concludes that while EdTechs used during the pandemic can provide an alternative learning experience, it still lacks in providing optimal learning engagement. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

9.
Sustainability ; 14(8):4614, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1810146

ABSTRACT

This study aims to investigate the differences in the learning path and value between students of different genders and educational backgrounds in digital game-based learning in Taiwan’s higher vocational education. A game-based digital Supply Chains Learning System was used to explore the value network based on “system attributes—learning consequences—target value” from the perspective of the student. To investigate the research question, this study conducted a cross-analysis of differences in gender and education background. Findings from the study revealed that irrespective of gender and educational background in higher vocational education in Taiwan, students developed distinctively different learning paths, values, and emphasis from specific system attributes. These findings will not only enable trainers and educators to learn more about the differences in learning by individuals but will also serve as useful guidelines for the improvement of the teaching strategy used by digital games developers.

10.
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health ; 19(8):4858, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1809880

ABSTRACT

The development of “wise medical” is crucial to global carbon reduction. The medical sector not only has the moral obligation to reduce carbon emissions, but also has the responsibility to provide high-quality services to patients. Existing research mostly focuses on the relationship between low-carbon and wise medical, while ignoring the transformation of wise medical and patients’ opinions in the context of low-carbon transition. The paper crawls the text data of comments on the Zhihu platform (a Chinese platform similar to Quora), explores the focus of patients on wise medical through the co-occurrence analysis of high-frequency words, with a focus directly related to the role of wise medical treatment in carbon reduction, and designed a questionnaire accordingly. Using 837 valid questionnaires collected in Zhejiang Province, an XGBoost model was constructed to discuss the main factors affecting patient satisfaction, and the regional heterogeneity among the coastal area of eastern Zhejiang, the plain area of northern Zhejiang and the mountainous area of southwestern Zhejiang is discussed. The results show that patients’ focus on wise medical lies mainly in the convenience brought by digitalization and the actual medical effect, and the main factors affecting satisfaction with medical treatment are the flow of people in hospitals, optimization of the medical treatment process, the application of digital platforms, the quality of telemedicine services and the appropriate quality of treatment. In terms of regional differences in Zhejiang Province, wise medical is more developed in the plain area of northern Zhejiang, with better simplified medical treatment processes and the construction of a digital platform, while the mountainous areas of southwestern Zhejiang have better quality in telemedicine services despite the geographical environment. Eastern Zhejiang is somewhere in between.

11.
Buildings ; 12(4):490, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1809722

ABSTRACT

Open government data (OGD) provide an opportunity for developing various services by disclosing information monopolized by the government to the public so that the private sector can use it. The private sector is utilizing this to improve the work efficiency and productivity by collecting, analyzing, and reprocessing OGD for various work steps of a BIM-based design project. However, most studies on OGD focus on the functionality and usability of data portals and the factors for evaluating the data itself such as openness, accountability, and transparency. This study aims to provide an evaluation framework for OGD for the AEC industry to assess the data utilization environment in order to improve the productivity of BIM-based projects. Several OGD principles found within related literature are discussed, and from them we extract evaluation framework levels. Then, we validate the proposed framework by applying it to a case of developing a BIM-based design support system using OGD datasets. This research concludes by suggesting that to effectively utilize OGD in the construction industry, the private sector should simply view data after collecting them, create an institutional environment for creating new values by reprocessing data, and build an active data utilization roadmap based on this environment.

12.
BMJ Open ; 12(4), 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1807414

ABSTRACT

IntroductionFuture nursing education needs to build a cutting-edge technology-based educational environment to provide a variety of consumer-oriented education. Thus, the sharing of information in nursing education needs to be considered, especially given the advancement of internet of things (IoT) technology. Before developing a horizontal platform, understanding previously developed IoT platforms is necessary to establish services and devices compatible with each other in different service areas. This scoping review aims to explore the technology used in the IoT platform for the education of nursing students in the undergraduate nursing curriculum.Methods and analysisA preliminary search was completed to find initial search terms, on which a full-search strategy was developed. Search results yielded from PubMed (NCBI) were screened to ensure articles were peer-reviewed, published in English from January 1999 to August 2021, and relevant to developing, applying and evaluating IoT platforms at educational institutions for students in undergraduate nursing programmes. A full-text review of relevant articles will be conducted, and data will be extracted using the developed extraction tool. The extracted qualitative data will be analysed using a modified grounded theory approach, informing a working definition of the IoT platform and related terms.Ethics and disseminationThe study was exempted from ethical review by the Institutional Review Board of Nambu University, South Korea. Study results will be disseminated through peer-reviewed journals.

13.
Business Process Management Journal ; 28(1):273-292, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1806789

ABSTRACT

Purpose>This paper aims to introduce the goal-oriented requirements extraction approach (GOREA). It is an elicitation approach that uses, specifically, healthcare business goals to derive the requirements of e-health system to be developed.Design/methodology/approach>GOREA consists of two major phases: (1) modelling e-health business requirements phase and (2) modelling e-health information technology (IT) and systems requirements phase. The modelling e-health business requirements phase is divided into two main stages: (1) model e-health business strategy stage and (2) model e-health business environment stage. The modelling e-health IT and systems requirements phase illustrates the process of obtaining requirements of e-health system from the organizational goals that are determined in the previous phase. It consists of four main steps that deal with business goals of e-health system: (1) modelling e-health business process (BP) step;(2) modelling e-health business goals step;(3) analysing e-health business goals step;and (4) eliciting e-health system requirements step. A case study based on the basic operations and services in hospital emergency unit for checking patient against COVID-19 virus and taking its diagnostic testing has been set and used to examine the validity of the proposed approach by achieving the conformance of the developed system to the business goals.Findings>The results indicate that (1) the proposed GOREA has a positive influence on the system implementation according to e-health business expectations;and (2) it can successfully fulfil the need of e-health business in order to save the citizens life by checking them against COVID-19 virus.Research limitations/implications>The proposed approach has some limitations. For example, it is only validated using one e-health business goal and thus it has to be authenticated with different e-health business goals in order to address different e-health problems.Originality/value>Many e-health projects and innovations are not established based on robust system requirements engineering phase. In order to ensure the success delivery of e-health services, all characteristics of e-health systems and applications must be understood in terms of technological perspectives as well as the all system requirements.

14.
Nature ; 604(7906):420-424, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1805580

ABSTRACT

According to the most recent assessment in 2018, 31 of the 100 largest companies by revenue worldwide (the global Fortune 100) have done so, from the retail corporation Walmart to the insurance company AXA4. [...]the activities with the five biggest impacts on biodiversity are (from biggest to smallest): the supply chain for research activities (such as for chemicals, medical products, organic tissue and plastics);the supply chain for the day-to-day running of buildings (for paper, information technology and so on);food consumption;electricity consumption;and the supply chain for construction. [...]supplies of lab equipment have much greater impacts on biodiversity overall than do international flights, the university's consumption of electricity or its use of construction materials. (Personal protective equipment used in the lab, for example, requires the extraction and industrial processing of hydrocarbons, often from areas that are rich in biodiversity.) This observation is in line with the results of a handful of studies that suggest that supply chains, not transport or the day-to-day running of buildings, are the main contributors to greenhouse-gas emissions for

15.
Educación Médica ; : 100729, 2022.
Article in Spanish | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-1803985

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción La pandemia ocasionó la suspensión de actividades educativas en más de 100 países, Esto tuvo consecuencias catastróficas en la marcha de todos los niveles educativos, provoco retraso y deficiencias en el conocimiento, el objetivo del estudio es identificar y analizar las preocupaciones sobre la educación de los estudiantes de ciencias de la salud durante la pandemia por SARS-CoV2. Material y Métodos Se realizó un estudio cuantitativo dirigido a estudiantes del área de la salud, observacional y transversal, con alcance exploratorio, a partir del análisis de datos primarios. Como herramienta de recolección se utilizó un cuestionario en forma auto aplicada. Esta población fue estudiada a través de una entrevista semiestructurada individual, previo consentimiento informado. Resultados Se obtuvieron 2047 respuestas y se observó que la mayor preocupación de los estudiantes de la salud es el no construir los conocimientos y las competencias necesarias para ejercer su actividad profesional. El sentimiento predominante es la ansiedad. Discusión Se soslaya el rol del estudiante de ciencias de la salud;debemos cambiar la forma de brindar educación a los alumnos en tiempos de crisis. Introduction The pandemic suspended educational activities in more than 100 countries. This has had catastrophic consequences on the progress of individuals at all educational levels, causing delays and deficiencies in knowledge. The objective of the study is to identify and analyse concerns about the education of health sciences students during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. Materials and Methods A quantitative observational and cross-sectional study was conducted with an exploratory scope aimed at students in the field of health based on an analysis of primary data. A self-administered questionnaire was used as a collection tool. This population was studied using a semi-structured individual interview, with prior informed consent. Results A total of 2047 responses were obtained. The greatest concern of health students is not building the knowledge and skills necessary to exercise their professional activity. The predominant feeling is anxiety. Discussion The role of health sciences students is overlooked. We must change the way we provide education to students in times of crisis.

16.
SSRN; 2022.
Preprint in English | SSRN | ID: ppcovidwho-333461

ABSTRACT

Information Technology (I.T.) and the net have transformed people's approach to life and educational access. These changes brought pressures and challenges to students to adapt to the new normal. The study aimed to determine the coping mechanisms of the I.T. students during the new normal era. The study utilized a mixed-methods type of research, which develops a novel theoretical perspective by combining the strengths of quantitative and qualitative methods. The study's respondents are the 515 students from the College of Information and Communications Technology at Bulacan State University, Philippines. A validated survey instrument was disseminated through messenger to randomly selected students in the college. Furthermore, a focus group discussion with the college organization officers was done via google meet. The findings revealed a 3.27 weighted mean on their coping behavior, which means that the Information and Technology students experienced this behavior sometimes. Moreover, to cope up with the challenges in the new normal education, the coping mechanisms they did enable them to survive in their studies are time management, selfdetermination, giving oneself to rest and to relax through mobile games, communicating with friends. Lastly, change of environment. Furthermore, appropriate behavior in managing the stress brought by the new normal education will make studying lighter and enjoyable. Recommendations as regards coping mechanisms were submitted to the administrators to further.

17.
IIUM Law Journal ; 30:207-228, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1801633

ABSTRACT

Internet telah mengubah gaya hidup manusia sejak kemunculannya pada tahun 1990-an. Sejak itu, ia telah menjadi alat terpenting dan keperluan harian untuk semua lapisan masyarakat, termasuk kanak-kanak. Meskipun terdapat banyak kelebihan yang digunakan bagi kelas dalam talian serta pengumpulan ilmu pengetahuan dan maklumat, ia juga mempunyai keburukannya. Salah satunya ialah kanak-kanak terdedah kepada risiko buli siber, sama ada sebagai mangsa atau pelaku buli siber. Capaian yang lebih mudah kepada Internet melalui pelbagai peranti elektronik seperti telefon pintar, tablet, komputer riba dan komputer meja telah menyumbang kepada peningkatan insiden buli siber kanakkanak. Satu tinjauan yang dijalankan oleh Tabung Kecemasan Kanakkanak Antarabangsa Pertubuhan Bangsa-Bangsa Bersatu (UNICEF) pada 2019 mendapati bahawa 28% kanak-kanak di Malaysia adalah mangsa keganasan dalam talian. Dalam satu statistik melibatkan 28 buah negara di seluruh dunia, Malaysia berada di kedudukan ke-6 dan ke-2 dalam kalangan negara Asia dalam buli siber. Objektif kajian ini adalah untuk mengkaji senario buli siber kanak-kanak di Malaysia dan mengenal pasti peruntukan undang-undang berkaitan yang wujud di Malaysia. Kaedah yang digunakan dalam kajian ini ialah kajian doktrinal dengan merujuk kepada jurnal, buku, kertas persidangan, surat khabar dan majalah berkala. Kajian ini mendapati bahawa undangundang sedia ada tidak mencukupi untuk melindungi kanak-kanak daripada buli siber. Oleh itu, adalah dicadangkan supaya terdapat peruntukan khusus mengenai perlindungan daripada buli siber di Malaysia, terutamanya untuk kanak-kanak.Alternate :The Internet has changed people's lifestyles since its inception in the nineties. Since then, it has become an essential tool and daily need for all generations, including children. Despite its significant advantages for online class, gathering knowledge and information, it also has its disadvantages. One of the disadvantages is that children can be potentially exposed to cyberbullying, either as a victim or a perpetrator. Easier access to the Internet via various types of electronic devices such as smartphones, tablets, laptops, and desktop computers has contributed to the increase in child cyberbullying incidents. A survey conducted by the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) in 2019 discovered that 28% children in Malaysia were victims of online violence. In global statistics among 28 countries, Malaysia was ranked 6th place and 2nd place among the Asia countries in cyberbullying. The objectives of this study are to examine the scenario of child cyberbullying in Malaysia and identify related legal provisions that existed in Malaysia. The method used in this study is doctrinal research by referring to journals, books, conference papers, newspapers, and other periodicals. This research found out that the existing laws are not adequate to protect children from cyberbullying. Thus, it is suggested that there should be specific provisions on cyberbullying protection especially for child in Malaysia.

18.
Revista de Stiinte Politice ; - (73):241-247, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1801236

ABSTRACT

Language acquisition and instruction is well thought out to be a knotty cognitive activity. In order to simplify or make the process easier, software developers have created tools in this regard. In the actual pandemic context when social distancing is a must, classes can no longer unfold the way they used to, so the shift from traditional teaching to digital education had to be embraced by all parties, in order to stay healthy. Teachers need to reinvent themselves and their methodology in order to respond to the digital natives needs, needs that have been postponed for years now, and rethink the content of their courses. Today, ICT- Information and Communication Technology tools are increasingly present in classes worldwide, and the symbiosis between computer technology and education can no longer be denied or overlooked. ICT is gaining advantage over the educational area especially in foreign language teaching and learning, as it implies the bringing of technology of video and audio embedded in class presentations, with pronounced outcome on the quality and content of teaching-learning cognitive process. More precisely, ICT can improve education and learning through its energizing, synergistic, and attractive content and also supply real possibilities for personalized educational activity. The main beneficiary of the web 2.0 based learning is the educational activity that is witnessing a complete makeover which has, beyond question, affected the way teachers organize and deliver content, the teaching and learning process themselves, and eventually research. ICTs have the ability to intensify, improve, and increase skills, to incite and engage students, to help them associate school education to activity practices, opening the path to economic practicality and applicability for future workers. In a quickly dynamical world, fundamental instruction is indispensable for student be able to approach and utilise information, through ICT tools.

19.
Human Systems Management ; 41(2):283-302, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1798948

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Technology has recently become a major component of the educational field and learning process for it provides students with opportunities to learn more effectively and to operate efficiently in this age of technological advances. As academics, the use of technology in universities is transforming our work, and more specifically the way we support students in the classroom. As higher education institutions bring more technology into their classrooms, academics will in turn strive to put more technology in their students' hands. That is, if they are prepared to do so. More importantly, ICT (Information and Communication Technology) in this ongoing COVID-19 pandemic becomes a central and integral focus globally regardless one is associated with college or university. OBJECTIVE: This paper therefore attempts to examine the internal factors that should be taken into consideration when using technology for teaching and learning purposes in higher education in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: The study develops a number of hypotheses and a theoretical framework based on a questionnaire conducted among the faculty staff in Hail university to test the study hypotheses. RESULTS: All the study six hypotheses have been supported. The relationship among these hypotheses are clear and significant. Data analysis of this study have shown that perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, computer self-efficacy, attitudes and computer anxiety have direct and substantial effect on the university teaching staff's intention to use technology. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study will for sure assist in overcoming the problems and difficulties facing the use of ICT in higher education in Saudi Arabia, particularly those challenges which have arisen amid the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic.

20.
Ad Alta-Journal of Interdisciplinary Research ; 12(1):224-227, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1798283

ABSTRACT

The article analyzes the features of the transformation of the world political system in the context of globalization. The role of the nation-state is weakening, the influence of international organizations is growing, the growing of number and strengthening of the role of national and supranational non-governmental organizations in world politics is growing, and a new political culture is emerging which is characterized by dissemination and adoption of common world values and interests. One of the trends in the transformation of the world political system is the strengthening of forms of self-organization of the population, the strengthening of civil society institutions. This trend is related to the democratic modernization of the Western model and is characteristic of sustainable democracies and states where democratic transit takes place, transitional political systems exist. There is a countertr-end of counter- or anti-modernization, mainly in Russia, China, North Korea, some countries where Islam is the dominant religion, and Latin American countries, etc. This is a factor in the emergence of domestic social conflicts and the aggravation of the military-political situation in the system of international relations. Therefore, emphasis is placed on strengthening the role of information technology in the political life of society. It is pointed out that among the important consequences of virtualization in public activity, there is the transition to e-democracy. Still, this trend has a downside - infodemia as a phenomenon of the information epidemic that swept the world during the COVID-19 pandemic and became a challenge for governments worldwide.

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