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1.
Curr Psychol ; : 1-14, 2021 Aug 14.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1943086

ABSTRACT

In the wake of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), social distancing is instrumental for containing the pandemic. To maximize its effectiveness, it is paramount to investigate psychological factors that predict adherence to social distancing guidelines and examine corresponding interventions. We focused on individual differences in if-then planning, self-control, and boredom, and tested an intervention based on if-then planning. We conducted a two-wave longitudinal study combining observational and experimental methods. Participants (N = 574, 35.7% female, age: M = 37.5 years, SD = 10.8) reported their adherence to social distancing guidelines and the perceived difficulty of adherence at T1, along with trait measures of if-then planning, self-control, and boredom. Afterwards, they were randomly assigned to an if-then planning intervention to increase adherence, or to a control intervention. One week later at T2, participants again reported their adherence and the perceived difficulty of adhering. Multiple regression and structural equation modeling were used to establish whether trait if-then planning, self-control, and boredom predicted adherence, and to examine the effects of the if-then planning intervention. Trait if-then planning, self-control, and boredom were associated with T1 adherence, while only if-then planning and boredom predicted T2 adherence. No overall treatment effect of the if-then planning intervention emerged; however, participants who complied with the intervention (75.6%) maintained higher levels of adherence over time than control participants. In sum, individual differences in if-then planning, self-control, and boredom predicted adherence to social distancing guidelines. If-then planning interventions are promising but require further steps to ascertain compliance.

2.
Int J Hosp Manag ; 105: 103255, 2022 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1945179

ABSTRACT

This study proposes a novel theoretical model on the negative effect of the perceived cognitive threat and fear of COVID-19 on full board hotel booking intentions, which includes the moderating effects of perceived coping efficacy and present-hedonism orientation. The model was tested with a representative online sample (N = 400) of the Spanish population older than 35 years. The results confirmed negative effects of threat and fear of COVID-19 on hotel booking intentions, as well as a negative moderating effect of perceived coping efficacy on the influence of fear of COVID-19. However, coping efficacy did not moderate the effect of perceived cognitive threat on hotel booking intentions. The present-hedonism orientation positively affected full board hotel booking intentions, but did not, however, reduce the negative effect of threat or fear on those intentions. The findings provide new insights for hospitality managers that can contribute to accelerate the recovery of the hospitality industry.

3.
SN Soc Sci ; 2(4): 42, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1943870

ABSTRACT

This paper investigates the determinants that will influence students' acceptance of the electronic learning (e-learning) system of education after the COVID-19 emergency. Specifically, the paper assesses the attitudes and intentions of students in second-cycle institutions to accept e-learning after the pandemic, using constructs derived from the health belief model and technology acceptance model. Also, we test if there is any significant difference in the attitudes and intentions of students in public and private institutions. Using data collected from 370 students in upper and lower levels of a second-cycle institutions in Ghana, we found that student attitude is significantly influenced by perceived usefulness and moderately affected by perceived severity, whereas, student's intention is moderately affected by the perceived severity but substantially influenced by the student's attitude towards usage. Also, the results revealed that students' attitudes and intentions to use e-learning are moderately affected by the severity of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. Finally, there were no significant differences in the attitudes and intentions of the sampled students in public and private second-cycle institutions in Ghana, regarding their acceptance and usage of e-learning after the COVID-19 emergency. Given the study's findings, the paper concludes that students' attitudes and intention to use e-learning are the main determinants that will influence the students' acceptance of the e-learning system of education in second-cycle institutions in Ghana after the COVID-19 emergency. The paper contributes to knowledge by providing evidence of students' acceptance of the e-learning system of education after the COVID-19 emergency in the context of a developing country like Ghana.

4.
JOURNAL OF HOSPITALITY AND TOURISM MANAGEMENT ; 51, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1936785

ABSTRACT

This study aims to explore Chinese residents' outbound travel intentions and preparations in the post-pandemic world that are influenced by media coverage and risk perception. A conceptual model is proposed to test the structural relationships among media coverage, risk perception, outbound travel intentions and preparations. This study administered an online survey to Chinese residents who had outbound travel experiences, and a total of 441 valid responses were collected for data analysis. The results indicated that media coverage exerted significant impact on cognitive and affective risk perceptions, outbound travel intentions and preparations. Furthermore, cognitive risk perception was positively related to affective risk perception, which significantly influenced outbound travel intentions and preparations. Outbound travel intentions were verified as the determinant of outbound travel preparations. Additionally, the mediating roles of affective risk perception and outbound travel intentions were confirmed. This study is amongst the first to introduce the concept of outbound travel preparations as a new research avenue for post-pandemic outbound travel behaviour.

5.
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EARLY CHILDHOOD SPECIAL EDUCATION ; 14(3):9081-9095, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1939404

ABSTRACT

The present situation all over the world has become very uncertain because of covid-19 impact. Everyone's wish is to be healthy and safe. All the countries are in need of medical services and all the nations want their people to be healthy. India being a second largest country, population wise, it is in need of huge medical facilities. The success of the health care sector depends upon the health care workers. Nurses play very important role in delivering the health care services. The major purpose of this study is to explore the reasons why the nurses are migrating to foreign countries. In this regard the researcher made an attempt to explore the relationship between job satisfaction, Loyalty, organizational commitment, Organizational citizenship behavior and their turnover intentions. From the review of literature the research gaps identified were Job satisfaction, Loyalty, organizational commitment were not used as a mediator in between the relationship of organizational commitment and turnover intentions and very few studies were conducted in the stream of nursing profession and in the Kerala state.. The CARIM-India RR2013/19 report highlights majority of the nurses were from Kerala state and majority of the migrations of nurses were also from Kerala state. Hence the author tried to know the job satisfaction levels of nurses in order to explore the reasons for migration and also studied the organizational commitment levels of nurses. The researcher also tried to see the insights of the relationship between job satisfaction, Loyalty, organizational commitment and turnover intentions of nurses of Kerala. Descriptive research design is used for extracting the opinions from the target respondents and the exploratory research design is used in reviewing the past literature which in turn exhibits an important part in designing the research gaps, identification of the problem as well the objectives of the study. Data is collected utilizing the two sources primary and secondary data sources. The target population is Nurses of Kerala State and the data is pooled from them by designing a structure questionnaire with four sections. Section A includes the demographic profile of the respondents;it includes "age, gender, marital status, type of family, job location, qualification, type of hospital, salary, number of dependents and working hours". Section B includes the scale related to the variable organizational commitment, where the organizational commitment is measured by using three dimensions "affective, continuance and normative commitment". Section C includes the scale related to the variable turnover intentions with 12 items in it. Section D includes the scale related to the variable job satisfaction, where the author chose 4 dimensions for measuring it, pay, career growth, leadership and working conditions. Section E includes the scale related to Loyalty and section F includes the scale related Organizational citizenship behavior. Secondary data usage was aimed at exploring the gaps from the past literatures. For this purpose the data was collected from 428 nurses from northern, southern and central zones of Kerala state. Especially the nurses working in NABH accredited hospitals of Kerala were chosen as the sample units for the study. The recent study showed that there is scarcity of 2.4millions of nurses in India and the same report also highlights 6 Lakhs nurses from India are working abroad. Regression analysis and Process Macro were the statistical tools used for analysis. It was observed from the study that "job satisfaction, organizational commitment and Loyalty" were mediating the relationship between "organizational citizenship behavior and turnover intentions" of nurses eliciting the importance of "job satisfaction, commitment and loyalty" levels of nurses. As well organizational citizenship behavior was having negative association with turnover intentions. Hence the government and management of private hospitals have been suggested to revise and reframe the policies in the hospitals which can provide the better working conditions.

6.
Front Public Health ; 10: 914599, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1938653

ABSTRACT

Objective: Behavioral intentions to care for patients with infectious diseases are crucial for improving quality of care. However, there have been few studies of the behavioral intentions and factors influencing patient care by clinical nurses during the COVID-19 pandemic. This study aims to explore cognition, attitudes, subjective norms, self-efficacy, and behavioral intentions of clinical nurses while caring for COVID-19 patients and to explore any influencing factors. Method: A cross-sectional survey was conducted of nurses through convenience sampling in southeast China from February 2020 to March 2020. The questionnaire was developed based on the theory of planned behavior and self-efficacy. Results: A total of 774 nurses completed the survey. Of these, 69.12% (535/774) reported positive behavioral intentions, 75.58% (585/774) reported a positive attitude, and 63.82% (494/774) reported having the confidence to care for patients. However, the lack of support from family and friends and special allowance affected their self-confidence. Attitude, self-efficacy, subjective norms, and ethical cognition were significantly positively correlated with behavioral intentions (r = 0.719, 0.690, 0.603, and 0.546, respectively, all P < 0.001). Structural equation model showed that self-efficacy, attitude, ethical cognition, and subjective norms had positive effects on behavioral intentions (ß = 0.402, 0.382, 0.091, and 0.066, respectively, P < 0.01). The total effect of behavioral intentions was influenced by attitude, ethical cognition, self-efficacy, and subjective norms (ß = 0.656, 0.630, 0.402, and 0.157, respectively, P < 0.01). In addition, ethical cognition had a positive mediating effect on behavioral intentions (ß = 0.539, P < 0.001). Conclusion: The study results indicated that attitude, ethical cognition, and self-efficacy were the main factors influencing nurses' behavioral intention. Efforts should be made to improve nurses' attitude and self-efficacy through ethical education and training to increase behavioral intentions to care for patients with infectious diseases, which will improve the quality of nursing care.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Nurses , Attitude of Health Personnel , Cross-Sectional Studies , Humans , Intention , Pandemics
7.
Int J Sel Assess ; 2022 Jul 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1937937

ABSTRACT

This paper investigates how organizations' response to a crisis such as the COVID-19 pandemic affects their employer attractiveness. Based on signaling theory, we argue that a COVID-19 response can signal an organization's employer brand personality, positively affecting applicant attraction. We conducted two experimental studies with employed and unemployed UK participants through Prolific Academic. Both studies indicate that a warm COVID-19 response leads to the highest employer attractiveness and job pursuit intentions, although a competent response was still more attractive than no response. Moreover, applicants use the warm and competent responses as signals of organizational warmth and competence respectively, building higher organizational trust. Limited support for the moderating role of applicants' personality was found. Implications during and beyond COVID-19 are discussed.

8.
9th International Conference on HCI in Business, Government and Organizations, HCIBGO 2022 Held as Part of the 24th HCI International Conference, HCII 2022 ; 13327 LNCS:510-525, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1930308

ABSTRACT

During the COVID-19 pandemic, many governments restricted economic activity by imposing lockdowns or requiring capacity constraints, thereby impacting brick-and-mortar businesses. Consumers responded by staying at home and turning to online shopping. Some consumers were already familiar with online shopping, whereas for others it was a new experience. As restrictions are removed or reduced, consumers may permanently change their shopping habits and continue to buy online with greater frequency than prior to the pandemic. With empirical data from a cross section of Canadian and American consumers, this study investigates the factors that influence the continuation of online shopping. The results show that there is little difference between Canadians and Americans, with perceptions of convenience significantly influencing perceived usefulness, and efficiency being a significant factor as well but only for Americans. Perceived usefulness is important for continuance intentions, with hedonic motivation having a moderating effect. Our results provide guidance to practitioners who are interested in consumers’ online shopping intentions after the pandemic and factors that can foster such activities. © 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

9.
Developments in Marketing Science: Proceedings of the Academy of Marketing Science ; : 233-234, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1930277

ABSTRACT

With limited travel in a post COVID-19 world, consumers seek cultural experiences closer to home. Services like ethnic dining provide consumers the opportunity to immerse in a culturally authentic experience not a part of their daily lives (Southworth 2018;Yu et al. 2020). However, to date, research has not determined how authentic is authentic enough or if customer need some adaptation of the service encounter to their own culture for full satisfaction. On the one hand, prior research suggest that cross-cultural service encounter adaptation is associated with positive customer outcomes such as rapport, satisfaction, and WOM (Azab and Clark 2017). On the other hand, cultural authenticity is suggested to be a driver of successful service encounters (Wang and Mattila 2015), increasing customers’ satisfaction and loyalty (Park et al. 2019). Thus, adaptation and authenticity present conflicting forces in optimizing the cross-cultural service experience and satisfying customers’ demand to immerse in a foreign culture. Further complicating the situation, there is a lack of generalization across different customer groups. In this study, the authors explore the following research questions;(1) Could higher service adaptation lead to lower satisfaction if it is perceived to take away from cultural authenticity? Does too much authenticity lead to discomfort, reducing positive customer outcomes? Is there an optimum level of authenticity-adaptation? (2) Do the same assumptions hold across different generations? Is seeking authentic or more adapted cultural service experiences a generational phenomenon? (3) What role do cultural competences play - can customer cultural competences bridge the perceived authenticity – customer experience gap? The authors explore these research questions using scenario-based experiments set in the context of an Indian restaurant. Results show that too much authenticity may hinder the optimum service experience (Study 1). While younger customers prefer moderate adaptation/ authenticity (rather than low adaptation), older generation seems more adventurous and perceives a better experience (satisfaction, WoM, repatronage) when there is low to no adaptation (full authenticity) (Study 1 and 2). We find that positive outcomes are significantly higher for older generations when adaptation is low (Study 2). The effect of cultural competences is yet to be determined (Study 3). This study contributes to the literature by revealing that high levels of perceived authenticity do not always ensure positive outcomes, and that outcomes associated with perceived authenticity vary across generations. Managerially, the study helps organizations tailor the optimal level of authenticity by adjusting the level of adaptation of the offering to suit particular clientele. © 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

10.
Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering ; 83(8-B):No Pagination Specified, 2022.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-1929247

ABSTRACT

Mental health concerns and resource utilization has greatly increased on college campuses in recent years (ACHA - NCHA, 2017, AUCCCD, 2012, Bourdon et al., 2018). Campus counseling centers are concerned about their ability to meet the sheer volume of students with severe mental health concerns though (AUCCCD, 2012). Drum and colleagues (2009) proposed that college campuses should expand their interventions to address the mental health needs for students across the distress continuum. Sense of coherence (SOC), theorized by Aaron Antonovsky (1987), is a protective factor in which students will be better equiped to handle a variety of life stressors through internal and external coping strategies. Previous research suggests that mindfulness training can increase SOC levels in diverse populations (Karlsson et al., 2000, Volanen et al., 2004). The "Take a Breath" study assessed if the online mindfulness intervention, "Headspace," can impact college students' SOC levels, perceived stress, mindfulness skills, and help-seeking intentions. Results indicate that the mindfulness skills and SOC levels influence perceived stress and help-seeking intentions. However, the "Headspace" intervention did not significantly impact the dependent variables in comparison to the control group. The COVID-19 pandemic occurred during data collectino and emphasized the importance of protective factors and mentalh health resource accessibility. Although the results did not indicate "Headspace" to have a significant influence on the variables of interest, college campuses should continue to research accessible mental health resources for students at all levels of distress in light of the recent pandemic. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

11.
SSRN; 2022.
Preprint in English | SSRN | ID: ppcovidwho-340352

ABSTRACT

Purpose –Sudden occurrence of uncertainty because of COVID-19 pandemic altered the teaching and learning practices and leads to changes in entrepreneurial intentions among students that are going be become future entrepreneurs. Thus, rational behind present paper is to investigate student’s intentions about Entrepreneurship behavior in case of Bule Hora University, Ethiopia students with mediating role of COVID-19 panic. Design/ approach/methodology – Primary data about student entrepreneurs’ learning experiences during the COVID-19 was through survey questionnaire from 350 respondents. Confirmatory factor analysis was employed to check uni-dimensionality, validity of construct and model reliability. SEM with help of STATA-14 software employed to measure the mediating role of covid-19 panic on comprehensive university student’s entrepreneurial behavioral intentions. Findings – Outcomes of the study show that covid-19 panic has the mediating and indirect effect on comprehensive university student’s entrepreneurial behavior intentions. Practical implications – Study results have indications for educational policymakers and practitioners to adjust the distorted entrepreneurship learning environment which is based on face to face practical incubation based learning, during the COVID-19 panic. Originality/value –The research add value in literature on education by unique contribution by investigate the COVID-19 panic affect on incident of learning in comprehensive university students of Ethiopia. The findings of present research will help in expanding the policy maker’s insights about nurturing of entrepreneurship spirit among students to cope with the poverty and unemployment situation during post COVID-19 period.

12.
Current Psychology ; : 15, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1926079

ABSTRACT

This study applied terror management theory to investigate whether self-esteem and socioeconomic status (i.e., income and education) predict coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) prevention behavior. Data collection in this cross-sectional and analytical study was performed by an online survey of 1012 participants. In participants with high self-esteem, mortality salience was high when the perceived threat of COVID-19 was high whereas mortality salience was low when perceived efficacy was high. In contrast, mortality salience was not significantly associated with COVID-19 prevention behaviors in participants with high self-esteem. In people with low self-esteem, mortality salience was high when the perceived threat of COVID-19 was high, but mortality salience was not significantly associated with perceived efficacy. Moreover, mortality salience was significantly associated with COVID-19 prevention behaviors in people with low self-esteem. Both income and education had significant positive associations with COVID-19 prevention behaviors in all participants regardless of self-esteem level. The findings revealed that perceived threat and perceived efficacy mediate the effects of self-esteem on mortality salience and on COVID-19 prevention behaviors. We discuss how these findings improve understanding of COVID-19 prevention behaviors and how they can be used to encourage these behaviors during an outbreak.

13.
7th International Conference on Business and Industrial Research, ICBIR 2022 ; : 167-170, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1922662

ABSTRACT

This study develops a virtual booth implementation measurement model in e-commerce to increase customer intention to use and then buy. This development is based on this pandemic period. The use of e-commerce has become a place of buying and selling, so new innovations in the system are needed to increase visitors to the e-commerce system to buy. Thus, in this study, we develop a success measurement model for implementing a system based on the IS success model developed by Delon and Mclean. This study uses the variables Information Quality, Service Quality, Exhibition experience, System Quality, exhibition Satisfaction, and intention to use. This variable can play a role in helping determine the effectiveness of the implemented information system. Furthermore, this research will be used to measure respondents' quantitative analysis using the system. © 2022 IEEE.

14.
8th International Conference on Advanced Computing and Communication Systems, ICACCS 2022 ; : 805-810, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1922654

ABSTRACT

The growth of information and communication technology (ICT) coupled with cheaper internet charges and android and windows-based computing devices facilitate online learning. The scaling up of the online teaching and learning process helping both educators and learners has happened during covid-19. Students have been using various platforms for online learning according to their level of understanding and as per instructions given by their institutes. The present study aims to examine the adequacy of the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) as a base theory in an academic context for identification of the factors which impact academicians and students' behavioral intentions in the adoption of MOOCs. Studies have been conducted in developed countries but a detailed study where students' have undergone sufficient exposure to remote learning is now worthwhile. The cross-sectional study used a descriptive methodology to test hypotheses related to the interaction between dependent variable behavioral intention of UTAUT, with independent variables like facilitating conditions (FC), performance expectancy (PE), social influence (SI), and effort expectancy (EE). Data was gathered through a self-administered questionnaire designed using Questionpro. For data analysis, multiple linear regression (MLR) was carried out using SPSS software V23. The research model was found significant with an explanatory power of 39.8 %. The study found that PE and EE were significant influencers to academicians' and students' behavioral intention for MOOCs. SI and FC, on the other hand, were not found to be significant predictors. © 2022 IEEE.

15.
Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research ; 27(5):506-525, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1915405

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic harms offline tourism activities. Tourism live streaming that combines tourism and live broadcasting has entered people's vision and achieved rapid development. But so far, there are few related studies and results. This study, based on SOR theory, regards tourism live streaming consumers as the research object, and data were collected from a sample of 313 consumers who often watch tourism live streaming and have purchase behaviors. The results show that visual effect and interactivity of tourism live streaming have a positive influence on tourism consumers' willingness to participate, while spatial presence and flow experience play a chain mediating role in it. This paper provides important theoretical and practical significance to the study of tourism live streaming and the promotion of high-quality integration of the online and offline tourism industry.

16.
JOURNAL OF ASIAN FINANCE ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS ; 9(5):29-39, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1912202

ABSTRACT

The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant impact on the Vietnamese economy. In the midst of a complex disease that compelled people to limit their interaction, customers' shopping habits shifted from "offline" to "online" transactions. Mobile payments have also grown in popularity. The goal of this study is to figure out what factors influence the use of mobile payments by hotel clients in Can Tho after COVID-19. The research team also examines how those factors influence customers" willingness to use mobile payment and makes recommendations to better the current situation. Primary data was collected from 227 persons using online surveys and processed with SPSS software for this study. To analyze the correlation relationship between the elements determining the intention to use, the Cronbach alpha, EFA, Correlation, and Regression methods used to assess the scale are applied. Perceived Trustworthiness, Perceived Usefulness, and Perceived Ease of Use all have positive effects on customers" propensity to use, according to the findings. Perceived Security, on the other hand, has no bearing. The findings of this study have significant theoretical and practical implications for the development of mobile payment services in Can Tho, particularly following the implementation of COVID-19.

17.
SMART-JOURNAL OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT STUDIES ; 18(2), 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1912058

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to examine the responses to the fundraising during the COVID- 19 pandemic, to support the efforts of government in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), to counter the COVID-19 pandemic. A quantitative survey instrument was developed, validated, and administered. A total of 113 usable responses were obtained, by using the snowballing sampling technique. Hierarchical multiple regression (HMR) was employed to run the study model and significant results were obtained. The results revealed that all the components were positive and did have significant association with donors' attitudes towards fundraising appeal for countering the COVID-19 pandemic. It also demonstrated the moderating and significant effect of ethics on the attitude of donors' responses. This study is probably the first study to focus on fundraising attitudes during the COVID-19 pandemic in KSA.

18.
Vaccines (Basel) ; 10(6)2022 Jun 14.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1911692

ABSTRACT

Despite evidence of vaccine safety and efficacy, vaccine hesitancy remains a major global health threat. The COVID-19 vaccine has presented unique vaccine hesitancy concerns compared to parental vaccine hesitancy towards childhood vaccines. South Carolina (SC) is home to a largely conservative population and historically has some of the lowest vaccination coverage rates in the United States of America. The goal of the current study was to identify factors associated with COVID-19 vaccine intentions among SC residents. From November 2020 to September 2021, 300,000 invitations to participate in community testing and complete an online survey were mailed to randomly selected SC residents. The survey collected data about behaviors and attitudes towards COVID-19 vaccines, as well as demographic and health characteristics. Of the 10,626 survey participants, 69.9% reported being vaccinated against COVID-19. Among those not vaccinated, 65.5% reported vaccine intentions. Logistic regression analyses were performed to examine factors associated with COVID-19 vaccine intentions. Multivariate logistic regression results indicated that confidence in the safety of the COVID-19 vaccines increased the likelihood of vaccine intentions, while younger age (<60 years) decreased the likelihood of vaccine intentions. To increase vaccine intentions and uptake, public health and government officials in South Carolina and other conservative states should target younger populations and address concerns about COVID-19 vaccine safety.

19.
Front Psychol ; 13: 901530, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1911098

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to explain the development of tourists' pro-social intentions during heritage tourism within the pandemic context by combining the norm activation model (NAM) and two significant variables in the theory of planned behavior (TPB). The quantitative data analysis results indicated that the proposed hypotheses have been partially supported, which resonated and enriched the existing studies on COVID-19-related pro-social tourism and tourist behaviors from a theoretical angle. Based on the research outcomes, the corresponding managerial implications for heritage tourism practitioners and meaningful references for future researchers to promote sustainable and pro-social heritage tourism products have been discussed.

20.
Leadersh Health Serv (Bradf Engl) ; ahead-of-print(ahead-of-print)2022 04 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1909155

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Covid-19 cases are rising at a high rate in Thailand. Thailand's administration has formulated many initiatives to combat the spread of coronavirus. However, during a pandemic, health-care workers have a diverse range of tasks that make it more challenging to continue working in hospitals. Consequently, the authors modeled the turnover intentions of health-care personnel to capture relevant psychological aspects of employees during the pandemic. Specifically, this study aims to focused on the moderating role of Covid-19 burnout (CBO) in the relationship between transformational leadership (TL) and job turnover intentions (JTI) with job satisfaction (JS) and knowledge hiding (KH) as mediators. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: This research collected data using self-administered questionnaire. A two-stage partial least square-structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) is carried out as an analysis technique to measure the linear relationship among constructs. The study tests hypotheses (direct and indirect effects) using 310 sample size of health-care personnel. FINDINGS: The findings indicated that CBO intensified the JTI of health-care personnel and strengthened the association of JS and KH with JTI during the Covid-19 pandemic. TL had a negative indirect effect on JTI. In addition, JS had a negative impact on JTI. ORIGINALITY/VALUE: The study highlights the importance of TL and JS as ways to reduce or alleviate JTI in health-care personnel during the Covid-19 pandemic in Thailand. Furthermore, CBO and KH can enhance JTI in health-care personnel.


Subject(s)
Burnout, Professional , COVID-19 , Burnout, Professional/epidemiology , Burnout, Professional/prevention & control , COVID-19/epidemiology , Humans , Intention , Pandemics , Surveys and Questionnaires , Thailand/epidemiology
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