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1.
Journal of Psychiatric Research ; 158:104-113, 2023.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-2165626

ABSTRACT

It is important to understand the relationship between stress and problematic use of social media (PUSM). However, no study to our knowledge has yet investigated the longitudinal relationship between perceived stress and PUSM via positive and negative reinforcement processes. The present study investigated relationships between COVID-19-pandemic-related stress and PUSM and possible moderating effects of motives for using social media (positive and/or negative reinforcement) during and following a COVID-19-pandemic-related lockdown. Six-hundred-and-sixty participants initially completed a survey including self-report measures of PUSM, COVID-19-pandemic-related stress, and motives for using social media (i.e., for negative reinforcement involving coping and conformity or positive reinforcements involving enhancement and social motives). During the COVID-19 outbreak recovery period, 117 participants again completed the survey. Bayesian analyses revealed that PUSM was associated with higher COVID-19-pandemic-related stress levels and use of social media for coping, conformity, and enhancement purposes. Longitudinally, PUSM symptom worsening was associated with increased use of social media for coping motives regardless of levels of perceived stress. Use of social media for conformity and enhancement purposes moderated relationships between stress levels during lockdown and PUSM symptoms worsening after lockdown. Our findings corroborate the hypothesis that negative reinforcement processes may be key factors in PUSM symptom worsening regardless of perceived stress. Concurrently, high levels of stress may worsen PUSM through positive reinforcement processes.

2.
Journal of Education and Health Promotion ; 11(1), 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2155535

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Today, the increasing process with the using internet is a kind of disease among adolescents, especially in the COVID-19 pandemic. The activities such as learning-educational process and online games will become one of the problems for families. This study aimed to determine the relationship between internet addiction and parent-child relationships in high school girls in Isfahan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive-correlational study was conducted in girls' high school in Isfahan, Iran. One hundred and sixty students and one of their parents had participated through cluster sampling method. They filled out the Young Internet Addiction Questionnaire and the Fine et al.'s Child-Parent Questionnaire (PCRS). Data were analyzed using descriptive statistical tests and Pearson correlation test. The significance level of the data was considered 0.05. RESULTS: The mean score (standard deviation) of internet addiction was 52.15 (5.67). 62.5% of the participants were not addicted to the use of the nternet. The mean score of the parent-child relationship was 118.24 (85.35). The results of the Pearson correlation test show that there is a significant negative correlation between parent-child relationships and Internet addiction in adolescent girls (P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Therefore, in the girl high school students who have a stronger parent-child relationship, the rate of Internet dependence is lower. Due to the current situation of the COVID-19 pandemic in terms of Internet addiction and the parent-child relationship, the present study can help nurses, teachers, and educational planners to provide a suitable information for appropriate intervention.

3.
Curr Addict Rep ; : 1-32, 2022 Sep 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2129494

ABSTRACT

Purpose of Review: The COVID-19 pandemic changed people's lifestyles and such changed lifestyles included the potential of increasing addictive behaviors. The present systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to estimate the prevalence of different behavioral addictions (i.e., internet addiction, smartphone addiction, gaming addiction, social media addiction, food addiction, exercise addiction, gambling addiction, and shopping addiction) both overall and separately. Recent Findings: Four databases (PubMed, Scopus, ISI Web of Knowledge, and ProQuest) were searched. Peer-reviewed papers published in English between December 2019 and July 2022 were reviewed and analyzed. Search terms were selected using PECO-S criteria: population (no limitation in participants' characteristics), exposure (COVID-19 pandemic), comparison (healthy populations), outcome (frequency or prevalence of behavioral addiction), and study design (observational study). A total of 94 studies with 237,657 participants from 40 different countries (mean age 25.02 years; 57.41% females). The overall prevalence of behavioral addiction irrespective of addiction type (after correcting for publication bias) was 11.1% (95% CI: 5.4 to 16.8%). The prevalence rates for each separate behavioral addiction (after correcting for publication bias) were 10.6% for internet addiction, 30.7% for smartphone addiction, 5.3% for gaming addiction, 15.1% for social media addiction, 21% for food addiction, 9.4% for sex addiction, 7% for exercise addiction, 7.2% for gambling addiction, and 7.2% for shopping addiction. In the lockdown periods, prevalence of food addiction, gaming addiction, and social media addiction was higher compared to non-lockdown periods. Smartphone and social media addiction was associated with methodological quality of studies (i.e., the higher the risk of boas, the higher the prevalence rate). Other associated factors of social media addiction were the percentage of female participants, mean age of participants, percentage of individuals using the internet in country, and developing status of country. The percentage of individuals in the population using the internet was associated with all the prevalence of behavioral addiction overall and the prevalence of sex addiction and gambling addiction. Gaming addiction prevalence was associated with data collection method (online vs. other methods) that is gaming addiction prevalence was much lower using online methods to collect the data. Summary: Behavioral addictions appeared to be potential health issues during the COVID-19 pandemic. Healthcare providers and government authorities should foster some campaigns that assist people in coping with stress during COVID-19 pandemics to prevent them from developing behavioral addictions during COVID-19 and subsequent pandemics. Supplementary Information: The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1007/s40429-022-00435-6.

4.
Revista De Ciencias Humanas Da Universidade De Taubate ; 15(1), 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2111619

ABSTRACT

This exploratory research has as its object of study the perceptions of young adults attending University Education in Por-tugal, about their practices of accessing and consuming of Internet and social media, especially during the COVID-19 pan-demic, and the consequences of the permanent connection to these formats for the development of the risk of behavioral dependence. From a methodological point of view, questionnaire surveys were applied to a sample of 407 young univer-sity adults, with an average age of 19.6 years, attending public and private institutions. The results point to an increase in dependence on the Internet during confinement. More than half of the respondents consider that the Internet is essential at some times in their lives, in the same way that they confess that they feel some of the consequences of excessive use, such as addiction to social networking sites or sleep disturbances.

5.
Minerva Psychiatry ; 63(3):284-294, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2111364

ABSTRACT

In this modern world, people are becoming more self-centered and unsocial. On the other hand, people are stressed, be -coming more anxious during COVID-19 pandemic situation and exhibiting symptoms of behavioral disorder. To measure the symptoms of behavioral disorder, usually psychiatrist use long hour sessions and inputs from specific questionnaire. This process is time consuming and sometime is ineffective to detect the right behavioral disorder. Also, reserved people sometime hesitate to follow this process. We have created a digital framework which can detect behavioral disorder and prescribe virtual cognitive behavioral therapy (vCBT) for recovery. By using this framework people can input required data that are highly responsible for the three behavioral disorders namely depression, anxiety and internet addiction. We have applied machine learning technique to detect specific behavioral disorder from samples. This system guides the user with basic understanding and treatment through vCBT from anywhere any time which would potentially be the stepping-stone for the user to be conscious and pursue right treatment.

6.
Children (Basel) ; 9(11)2022 Nov 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2109961

ABSTRACT

Studies in recent years and especially since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic have shown a significant increase in the problematic use of computer games and social media. Adolescents having difficulties in regulating their unpleasant emotions are especially prone to Problematic Internet Use (PIU), which is why emotion dysregulation has been considered a risk factor for PIU. The aim of the present study was to assess problematic internet use (PIU) in adolescents after the third wave (nearly 1.5 years after the onset in Europe) of the COVID-19 pandemic. In the German region of Siegen-Wittgenstein, all students 12 years and older from secondary-level schools, vocational schools and universities were offered a prioritized vaccination in August 2021 with an approved vaccine against COVID-19. In this context, the participants filled out the Short Compulsive Internet Use Scale (SCIUS) and two additional items to capture a possible change in digital media usage time and regulation of negative affect due to the COVID-19 pandemic. A multiple regression analysis was performed to identify predictors of PIU. The original sample consisted of 1477 participants, and after excluding invalid cases the final sample size amounted to 1268 adolescents aged 12-17 (x = 14.37 years, SD = 1.64). The average prevalence of PIU was 43.69%. Gender, age, digital media usage time and the intensity of negative emotions during the COVID-19 pandemic were all found to be significant predictors of PIU: female gender, increasing age, longer digital media usage time and higher intensity of negative emotions during the COVID-19 pandemic were associated with higher SCIUS total scores. This study found a very high prevalence of PIU among 12- to 17-year-olds for the period after the third wave of the COVID-19 pandemic, which has increased significantly compared to pre-pandemic prevalence rates. PIU is emerging as a serious problem among young people in the pandemic. Besides gender and age, pandemic-associated time of digital media use and emotion regulation have an impact on PIU, which provides starting points for preventive interventions.

7.
Revista Virtual Universidad Catolica Del Norte ; 67:191-216, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2091673

ABSTRACT

The research arises from the emerging concern about the excessive use of the internet in pandemic ' s time and the harmful effects that may appear. This is how, under the methodological design of action research, the construction of an implementation plan of a primary prevention program, of Internet Addiction, is proposed, oriented to parents and teachers, from which habits and behaviors of responsible and healthy use of the Internet are promoted, in family and educational environments. The results are presented in four research cycles, where the instruments used with their respective design, application and analysis are recognized. It is highlighted that the data was collected virtually during the pandemic, using the Young test, from a group of people who voluntarily accepted the invitation, from which the sample was determined. It is concluded that there is concern about the consequences of hyperconnectivity that increased in pandemic ' s time. In this sense, the proposal contributes to work through information, awareness and training tools, in the teaching and promotion of responsible and positive behaviors around the use of technology as expressed by the participants who validated the program.

8.
Addicta-the Turkish Journal on Addictions ; 9(2):204-211, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2072041

ABSTRACT

This study was conducted in descriptive and cross-sectional design to identify the status of internet addiction among university students and their styles of coping with stress during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic in Turkey. The study population was the total of all students (N = 750) enrolled at two universities in Turkey. The whole of the study universe was targeted, but the research was ultimately conducted with the 568 students who agreed to participate. The study data were collected with a Personal Data Form, the Young Internet Addiction Test-Short Form, and the Styles of Coping with Stress Scale. It was found that most of the students spent 3-5 hours on the internet during the weekdays and on the weekends;83.9% connected to the internet via their cellphones, and a large majority (82.6%) used the internet for logging into social media. Among the ways the students coped with stress, the most common was by adopting a self-confident style and a "seeking social support" approach. It was seen that during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic, the students were moderately addicted to the internet and that among the most common styles they adopted to cope with stress was by adopting a self-confident style and seeking social support approach.

9.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(20)2022 Oct 17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2071471

ABSTRACT

This study focused on COVID-19 perceived risk and Internet addiction among Chinese college students during the lockdown. On the basis of the Social Cognitive Theory, this study proposed a mediating model to evaluate the mediating role of difficulties in regulating emotion between the COVID-19 perceived risk and Internet addiction. A questionnaire survey was conducted among 690 college students during the COVID-19 lockdown in China. The results showed that the COVID-19 perceived risk was significantly positively associated with Internet addiction (r = 0.236, p < 0.001) and difficulties in emotion regulation (r = 0.220, p < 0.001), difficulties in emotion regulation was significantly positively associated with Internet addiction (r = 0.368, p < 0.001). The COVID-19 perceived risk had a significant and positive predictive effect on Internet addiction (ß = 0.233, p < 0.001) among Chinese college students. The analysis of the mediation model showed that difficulties in emotion regulation partially mediated the relationship between COVID-19 perceived risk and Internet addiction (indirect effect value was 0.051 with 95% Confidence Interval ranging from 0.027 to 0.085). The findings not only enhanced our understanding of the internal influence mechanism of COVID-19 perceived risk on Internet addiction but also provided a practical basis for college education works. Finally, discussions and suggestions were provided on the basis of the results.


Subject(s)
Behavior, Addictive , COVID-19 , Humans , Internet Addiction Disorder , Behavior, Addictive/epidemiology , Behavior, Addictive/psychology , COVID-19/epidemiology , Communicable Disease Control , Students/psychology , China/epidemiology , Internet
10.
International Journal of Online Marketing ; 11(3):15-33, 2021.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2024634

ABSTRACT

This study aims to investigate the impact of selected factors (website quality, website brand, trust, SNS usage through mobile application, eWOM, and mobile phone addiction) on online purchase intention during the COVID-19 pandemic. The study also investigates the mediating impact of trust on the association between website quality, website brand, and online purchase intention. Data were collected from 226 Facebook users in Lebanon. The hierarchical regression analysis was used to evaluate the impact of these factors on online purchase intention. The results show that only website brand and mobile phone addiction were significantly related to online purchase intention. It was also found that trust does not have a mediation effect on the relationship between website brand and online purchase intention. However, trust can be considered as a partial mediator of the relationship between website quality and online purchase intention. Finally, practical implications are discussed. Then directions for future research are presented. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

11.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(16)2022 08 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2023646

ABSTRACT

We aimed to determine the prevalence and factors associated with gaming disorder (GD) in the population of Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). A systematic review was performed (PROSPERO protocol registration: CRD42021230565). We included studies that identified participants with GD and/or factors associated with this condition, reported the prevalence of GD, or contained data that assisted in its estimation, were published after 2013 (the year of inclusion of GD in the Fifth Edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders) and were carried out in a population residing in an LAC country. Evaluation of the quality of the studies was carried out using the Joanna Briggs Institute Critical appraisal checklist tool. A qualitative synthesis of the data was performed. Of the total of 1567 records identified, 25 passed the full-text review phase, and 6 met the selection criteria. These studies were published between 2018 and 2021 and had a cross-sectional design (three in Brazil, one in Ecuador, Mexico, and the other was multi-country, including a LAC country [Peru]). The prevalence of GD ranged from 1.1% to 38.2%. The three studies in Brazil had the highest figures of GD prevalence (20.4-38.2%). Four studies evaluated factors associated with GD. Characteristics regarding the game (type), pattern of use (hours played), as well as gender (higher in men), tobacco and alcohol consumption, poor interpersonal relationships, and the presence of mental disorders were found to be associated with GD in LAC. Evidence on the prevalence and factors associated with GD in LAC is limited. Studies on GD in LAC evaluate different population subgroups, describing a wide prevalence of this condition (present in up to 38 out of 100 evaluated). Characteristics such as the type and hours of use of the games, sociodemographic data, lifestyles, interpersonal relationships, and the presence of mental disorders increase the probability of presenting GD.


Subject(s)
Behavior, Addictive , Behavior, Addictive/epidemiology , Caribbean Region/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Humans , Latin America/epidemiology , Male , Prevalence
12.
Front Public Health ; 10: 981307, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2023007

ABSTRACT

Internet addiction among the elderly is a novel issue in many countries. However, extant research about excessive use of the Internet is focusing on adolescents and younger adults. There are few studies to explore the topic of the elderly's Internet addiction. The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between real-life social support and Internet addiction among older adults during the COVID-19 pandemic. This article adopted a self-reported questionnaire via internet links to collect data. A total of 303 valid samples about Internet addiction for the elderly were obtained in China. The results suggested that real-life social support is significantly and negatively related to Internet addiction among the aged. Moreover, the findings revealed that real-life social support could mitigate Internet addiction by increasing the levels of hopefulness and decreasing the feeling of loneliness. We expect that this study can enrich the understanding of the problematic Internet usage within older populations. Finally, the contributions, practical significance, and limitations of this study were discussed.


Subject(s)
Behavior, Addictive , COVID-19 , Adolescent , Aged , COVID-19/epidemiology , China , Cross-Sectional Studies , Humans , Internet Addiction Disorder , Pandemics , Social Support
13.
Front Psychiatry ; 13: 989128, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2022920

ABSTRACT

Introduction: As the epidemic spreads, the problem of Internet addiction disorder (IAD) stand out and getting serious. The present study aimed to investigate IAD among junior high school students during the spread of the COVID-19, and to explore the mediating role of cognitive failure between self-concept clarity and IAD, and the moderating role of mindfulness. Methods: A sample of 1,153 junior high school students from two randomly selected junior high schools in Henan Province were surveyed anonymously with Self-concept Clarity Scale (SCCS), Cognitive Failure Questionnaire (CFQ), Mindfulness Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS) and Internet Addiction disorder Test (IAT). The sample was obtained through random cluster sampling, taking classes as the clusters and students as the elements. Results: (1) Self-concept clarity was negatively correlated with Internet addiction disorder; (2) Self-concept clarity not only had a direct effect on Internet addiction disorder, but also indirectly affect Internet addiction disorder through cognitive failure; (3) Mindfulness moderates the relationship between self-concept clarity and Internet addiction disorder, as well as the relationship between cognitive failure and Internet addiction disorder. Compared with low levels of mindfulness, both the protective effect of self-concept clarity and the effect of cognitive failure on Internet addiction disorder were stronger among junior high school students who were at high levels of mindfulness. Conclusion: This study constructs a moderated mediation model to explain the effect of self-concept clarity on Internet addiction disorder. It is effective to alleviate Internet addiction disorder by improving self-concept clarity and mindfulness level of the junior school students.

14.
Journal of Behavioral Addictions ; 11:248, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2009763

ABSTRACT

Symposium summary: Over the last few decades, the medical concept of addiction disorders has undergone tremendous development. Addictive disorders are currently considered a multifactorial chronic disease and have become a significant cause of global health problems and other psychiatric disorders. Not only drug addiction but also the number of behavioral addiction patients continues to increase. The outbreak of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) spread across the entire world has curtailed most individuals' daily activities and movements. In response, the COVID-19 pandemic lets individuals engage more with technology use, providing escapism to several activities (e.g., shopping, eating, gambling, gaming, doing physical exercise, watching pornography). These activities allow them to find some acute emotional relief, albeit pathologically. These behaviors happened by accessibility, availability, and the absence of prevention and management programs for excess use. The COVID-19 pandemic and the lockdown policies in several countries have created a new paradigm regarding the prevention of specific strategies for behavioral addiction, primarily due to the increase in internet use that leads to addiction. A standard is needed to manage behavioral addiction, both pharmacological and non-pharmacological, in a holistic and comprehensive manner. Besides, an instrument is needed to distinguish healthy gamers, problematic gamers, and gaming disorders in order to prevent overdiagnosis. Notably, the symposium will highlight the emerging issue of behavioral addiction such as gambling, gaming, and pornography in Low Middle-Income Countries during the pandemic, exploring global solutions to international problems in the field of addiction medicine. In this symposium, there will be one chair and four speakers.

15.
Journal of Behavioral Addictions ; 11:201-202, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2009759

ABSTRACT

Background: Video gaming revenues have increased dramatically during the COVID-19 pandemic. Trending social games and hyper-casual games are attracting new audiences that require further study. While engaging in video games and Internet-related behaviors inherently may help promote social connection and alleviate stress during the pandemic, a small proportion of individuals develop problematic habits that interfere with daily functioning. Therefore, the aim of this study is to examine the impact of COVID-19 lockdowns on the number of helpline calls for gaming disorder and problematic Internet use in the province of Ontario, Canada. Methods: Helpline calls were collected from a provincial mental health & addiction treatment service hotline from January 2019 to December 2021. This free and confidential service is for people who experience problems with alcohol, drugs, mental illness, and behavioral disorders. Growth modeling will be employed to examine the links between the number of calls received, the number of COVID-19 cases reported province-wide and the accumulated lockdown days across the different months. Results: The associations between the linear, quadratic and cubic growth/change curve factors of the number of calls received in relation to the progress of the pandemic will be reported for time variant, time-invariant and parallel growth moderators. Conclusions: Helpline calls are expected to increase during lockdowns and decrease when restrictions are lifted. This study serves to inform preventive measures that should be considered with the implementation of lockdown during a pandemic to prevent problematic forms of gaming or Internet use.

16.
Journal of Behavioral Addictions ; 11:304, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2009747

ABSTRACT

Risk factors for problematic smartphone use (PSU) have rapidly become an important area of research due to the prevalence of smartphones and functional impairment associated with PSU. Our aim was to examine anxiety sensitivity (AS) as a mediating variable between both depression and anxiety with PSU severity. Participants (N = 4,752) from junior and senior high schools in Tianjin, China completed a web-based survey with measures of depression, anxiety, AS, and PSU. Inferential analyses revealed significant differences between males and females on PSU severity (η=.02). Results of structural equation modeling indicated good model fit (CFI=.956;TLI=.954;RMSEA = .05), and that anxiety was positively associated with AS when adjusting for depression (β = .951, S.E. = .043);and AS was significantly associated with greater PSU severity, adjusting for age and sex (β = .474, S.E. = .013). Additionally, AS mediated relations between anxiety and PSU severity (β = .451, S.E. = .024). Current findings are consistent with theoretical models of problematic internet use (I-PACE) and previous research linking AS to other kinds of behavioral addictions (e.g., smoking, alcohol use).

17.
Journal of Behavioral Addictions ; 11:221, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2009739

ABSTRACT

Background: Experts in the field raised concerns about the rise of the Problematic Usage of the Internet (PUI) during the Coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19), however, specific online behaviours and how they are presented cross-culturally were explored to a lesser extent. In this study, we aimed to explore the cross-cultural manifestation of specific online behaviours and their associations with self-compassion, appearance anxiety, image and performance enhancing drugs (IPEDs) use, and specific online behaviours. Methods: An international survey was conducted in eight countries including Italy, Lithuania, Portugal, Spain, Japan, United Kingdom, Brazil and Hungary comprising in total 2223 individuals with a mean age of 33±11 years old. Participants were surveyed for specific type of Internet use severity (the Internet Activities Scale from the Internet Severity and Activities Addiction Questionnaire), selfcompassion (the Self-Compassion Scale, SCS), appearance anxiety (the Appearance Anxiety Inventory, AAI), and IPEDs use. Results: After adjustment for demographic factors, hours online, and country, self-compassion remained associated with higher levels of skill games and time wasters (β=-.073;p<.002), streaming (β=-.053;p=.018), digital hoarding (β=-.065;p=.006) and cyberchondria (β=-.153;p<.001). Appearance was associated with general surfing (β=.136;p<.001), online shopping (β=.137;p<.001), online gambling (β=.067;p=.003), social networking (β=.131;p<.001), pornography use (β=.102;p<.001), digital hoarding (β=.079;p<.001) and cyberchondria (β=.120;p<.001). IPEDs use also remained associated with various online behaviours during the COVID-19 pandemic Conclusions: Our exploratory study demonstrates that self-compassion, appearance anxiety, and IPEDS use contribute to various forms of PUI.

18.
Front Psychiatry ; 13: 973520, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2009909

ABSTRACT

College students are increasingly reporting common mental health issues like depression and anxiety, raising severe concerns for students' psychological wellbeing. Specifically, after the emergence of Post-COVID-19, digitization caused a potential role in mitigating students' psychological concerns. Therefore, the role of mental health education has been regarded as a topic of interest in managing the issue of Chinese college students' mental wellbeing. This study intends to look into the relationship between mental health education and psychological wellbeing, along with the moderating role of politically motivated internet addiction and the ideological passion of college students. For the given reason, the random sampling method was employed for collecting data from target respondents. The study uses 750 questionnaires prepared on a five-point Likert scale that were distributed to the respondents with an expected response rate of 50%. The partial least square (PLS) software was used to analyze the data for this study. The study concludes that there is a significant moderating role of politically motivated internet addiction and ideological passion in the relationship between college students' mental health and wellbeing. The study meaningfully contributes to the body of knowledge by establishing the unique, positive moderating role of Politically motivated internet addition in strengthening the relationship which undoubtedly will assist in improving the psychological wellbeing of college students through mental health education policies and implications.

19.
Social Media + Society ; 8(3), 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2005580

ABSTRACT

The current COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in increased psychological issues such as excessive social media networking sites usage (SMNSU), loneliness, social anxiety, and depression. In this quantitative study, we examined how SMNSU can directly and indirectly influence depression, with loneliness and social anxiety examined as mediator variables. A 39-item questionnaire was used to collect survey data on SMNSU, loneliness, social anxiety, and depression from 244 blended learning undergraduate students from universities in the Hunan province in China. Partial least squares structural equation modeling was conducted using SmartPLS 3.3.3 to measure the relationships between the stated variables of interest. Results indicated that SMNSU has a direct, significant, and positive relationship with depression. In terms of mediating effects, both loneliness and social anxiety have an intervening role in the association between SMNSU and depression. This study focused on the higher education sector of China by recruiting students who were enrolled in blended learning courses during the COVID-19 pandemic and experiencing psychological problems. We found that excessive SMNSU is associated with depression. Loneliness and social anxiety also increase depression along with excessive SMNSU among blended learning students during unprecedented situations, in this case, the COVID-19 pandemic. The valuable implications of these findings for teachers, counselors, and university managers are discussed, along with a consideration of future research directions.

20.
Heliyon ; : e09967, 2022 Jul 16.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2000433

ABSTRACT

Background: Globally, internet use has increased significantly during the COVID-19 pandemic, and internet addiction (IA) has become a severe public health issue. Therefore, this study aimed to assess IA prevalence among adults and identify its determinants during the COVID-19 pandemic in Bangladesh. Methods: Using a cross-sectional design, this study recruited 608 participants through a self-administered online-based e-questionnaire. Young's internet addiction test (YIAT) of 20 items was used to assess the prevalence of IA among adults in Bangladesh. Bivariate and binary logistic regression analyses explored the factors influencing IA. Results: The overall prevalence of IA was 29.4% among adults during the COVID-19 pandemic. However, the addiction rate was 34.7% among participants under 20 years old. Tobacco smoking (AOR=1.88, 95% CI 1.15-3.06) and spending more time on the internet during the COVID-19 pandemic (AOR=2.12, 95% CI 1.11-4.05) were likely the reasons for IA among Bangladeshi adults. Participants aged over 24 years (AOR=0.33, 95% CI 0.15-0.72), living in rural areas (AOR=0.53, 95% CI 0.33-0.84), living away from family (AOR=0.45, 95% CI 0.26-0.79), attached to physical activity (AOR=0.37, 95% CI 0.25-0.54), and sleeping less than six hours (AOR=0.65, 95% CI 0.43-0.96) had a lower chance of IA during the COVID-19 pandemic. Conclusion: This study has shown that the prevalence of IA was comparatively higher among younger participants during the COVID-19 pandemic. Smoking, long-time use of the internet, physical activity status, and sleeping duration were the most significant determinants of IA. Thus, raising awareness among the younger generation is the most important strategy to reduce IA. The findings of this study can be used to support health and educational organizations design programs, which will help prevent IA in Bangladesh during the COVID-19 pandemic.

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