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1.
Child Abuse Review ; 31(5):1-29, 2022.
Article in English | CINAHL | ID: covidwho-2034730

ABSTRACT

While child welfare scholars and caseworkers have acquired a better understanding of risk factors associated with occurrences of child fatalities due to maltreatment over the past 20 years, little is known about the organisational and system‐level characteristics that impact efforts to prevent or intervene in these cases. As part of a collaborative agreement between a university‐affiliated centre and a state child welfare agency, we conducted interviews by phone with 19 case managers, middle managers and regional leaders who were assigned to manage or oversee a near fatality or fatality case. They illuminated five major themes: 1) their perceived stressors and sources of support;2) client and perpetrator risk factors;3) system‐level risk and protective factors;4) case descriptions;and 5) lessons learned. Relying upon their lived experiences, we offer practice and policy recommendations to Child Abuse Review to support their efforts to prevent and respond to child fatality cases. Efforts should be devoted to evaluating strategies to reduce risk for all families before the child welfare system is involved, supporting workers when they are assigned to fatality cases by reducing caseloads and preparing them for the fatality review process, and embracing a culture of collaboration across and within child‐serving systems. Key Practitioner Messages: To respond effectively to child fatality and near fatality cases, child welfare caseworkers and leaders should be assigned fewer cases in the interim, and receive guidance, consultation, and time to prepare for the fatality review process.Embracing a culture of collaboration across and within child‐serving systems may also prevent fatalities and facilitate an efficient investigative process if/when they do occur.

2.
Acta Medica Iranica ; 60(6):329-337, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2033504

ABSTRACT

Solid-organ transplantation recipients were assumed highly vulnerable to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). However, the results of previous studies in patients with orthotopic heart transplantation (OHT) under immunosuppressive therapy are contradictory. Therefore, we aimed to assess the prevalence of COVID-19 infection and associated risk factors, along with the six-month outcomes in COVID-19 positive OHT patients. This single-center telephone-based survey was conducted on OHT patients. Using a detailed questionnaire, exposure to COVID-19, related symptoms, and preventive self-care measures were collected. Outcomes of COVID-19-positive patients were reassessed using another survey six months later. 118 OHT patients (male: n=87, 73.7%) were included with a mean age of 45.3±13.1 years. Sixteen patients (13.5%) reported one or more symptoms compatible with COVID-19, of whom 12 (10.2%) tested positive. Our results indicated no statistically significant association between COVID-19 and comorbidities. Poor adherence to self-care measures and contact with positive index cases were both significantly associated with COVID-19 infection (P<0.001). A later six months follow-up showed that two out of 12 (16.6%) COVID-19 positive OHT patients died. There was no statistically significant difference between the prevalence of COVID-19 in our patients compared to Iran’s general population (P=251.0). Non-compliance with personal protective protocols and a history of contact with COVID-19 cases were the most risk factors for COVID-19 infection in OHT patients.

3.
NeuroQuantology ; 20(6):8704-8713, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2033441

ABSTRACT

In 2019 the Rumbai Bukit Public Health Center was the health center with the highest prevalence of stunting in Pekanbaru City at 38.8%;this is still above Indonesia's target of 14%. This study aims to analyze the factors associated with the incidence of stunting in children under five (12-59 months) in the working area of the Rumbai Bukit Public Health Center, Pekanbaru City, in 2021. This study is a cross-sectional study. The research sample was 161 mothers with children under five aged 12-59 months in the Rumbai Bukit Health Center working area. Data on stunting children were obtained from direct measurements. Data on knowledge, birth weight of children under five, exclusive breastfeeding, age of complementary feeding, immunization, parenting, economic status, and history of infectious diseases were collected through questionnaire interviews. Bivariate analysis was carried out with a chi-square test and multivariate with a multiple logistic regression test. The study found that 19.9% of children under five were stunted. A history of infectious disease was significantly related to stunting in children under five (p < 0.05). Children under five who have infectious diseases have a 5.5 times chance of becoming stunted. It is recommended that MCH and Nutrition program holders work together to continue counseling about the importance of good parenting for children under five and increase basic immunization coverage to prevent infection during the COVID-19 pandemic.

4.
Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences ; 10(T7):159-163, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2033205

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer has been known as the leading cause of death with depression as the most common coexisting morbidity. Factors related to depression among cancer patients are required to be explored. AIM: This study aims to investigate factors related to depression among colorectal cancer patients in Medan. METHODS: This cross-sectional predictive analytical multivariate study was conducted through March–May 2021 in Haji Adam Malik General Hospital, Medan, involving 105 colorectal patients visiting digestive surgery outpatient clinic who fulfilled inclusion and exclusion criteria. Subjects were requested to fill in personal data on participant’s form. Direct interview was conducted in accordance with COVID-19 health protocols. To assess depression score, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale-Depression subscale questionnaire was used in the study. RESULTS: Our study found among independent variables that we assessed, five variables;length of education, number of comorbidities, gender, occupation, and marital status are independent risk factors related to the occurrence of depression among colorectal cancer patients (adjusted R2 = 68.5%). CONCLUSION: By acknowledging risk factors related to depression among these patients, early intervention and tailored education for both patients and their loved ones can be done.

5.
BMJ Supportive and Palliative Care ; 11:A8, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2032434

ABSTRACT

Background Whilst our established support for people living with breathlessness was long-standing, it was not multidisciplinary or fully evidence-based. We wanted to address this for the benefit of patients and the wider health system. The Cambridge Breathlessness Intervention Service (CBIS) model is an evidence-based approach to support people living with advanced lung conditions to manage their breathlessness (Higginson, Bausewein, Reilly, et al., 2014). Consultation with service users suggested that patients wanted support to: manage breathlessness, improve mental wellbeing, mobility and symptom management as well as help with planning ahead and reducing isolation. Aims To implement and evaluate a breathlessness intervention using a multidisciplinary skill mix and trained community volunteers. Methods Using the CBIS model as a framework, we reshaped, redeployed and trained our team to deliver this intervention at home. We supplemented this with a layer of social support provided by experienced compassionate neighbour volunteers. We evaluated the impact of the intervention through: before and after breathlessness self-rating scales, interviews with patients and case studies documenting the use of different parts of the service (e.g. physiotherapist, nurse, occupational therapist, rehabilitation assistant, complementary therapy). Results This project has been delivered during the COVID-19 pandemic, so there were practical issues around seeing patients face-to-face, and we were unable to support as many as expected. To date, 28 patients have been referred to the service. Of these, 18 received input. We will report on changes in self-rating scores and feedback from interviews with patients and families. To date, only a few participants opted to have a compassionate neighbour. Conclusions Initial findings suggest that although delivery of this project was hampered by the pandemic, patients valued the service and benefitted from practical input from the MDT. Limitations on being able to provide face-to-face support may have influenced uptake of compassionate neighbours and reduced the number of patients seen.

6.
Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology ; 18:37, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2032334

ABSTRACT

Objectives: Medical-use Blood Handling ought to be considered as Supply Chain Management including Donation Centers, Hospitals, and blood consumers so that the Quick Response to the change of blood usages and JIT provision can be accomplished. Among others,Aphaeresis Platelet (AP) is vital few of medical blood areas due to increasing demands on higher quality from medical personnel and patients. It makes the SCM more complicated because of its short life-time and infection-sensitivity. The medical centers and hospitals may incline safety inventory and usage amount of pallets due to a speculation of possible wastes. Hence, a prediction model can contribute greatly to the balance of demand and supply of medical-use blood and avoid the wastes of vital resources such as Aphaeresis Platelet regarding its safety lifecycle. Methods: In order to remedy the negative consequence on the performance of blood provision resulted from this speculation;we need to study the correlations between the characteristics of patients as well as hospitals and the usages of Platelet Concentrated, Aphaeresis Platelet, and Prestorage Leukocyte-reduced Aphaeresis Platelets where the rate of using platelet by patients with cancers play a crucial role in developing the model to estimate the demand quantity on Aphaeresis Platelets. Aiming at this, it is crucial to develop a prediction model based on the correlations between the characteristics of patients, healthcare institutions and of the utilization of various types of AP products. By means of previous knowledge and expert interviews, we have at first set up a research framework, which involves patient characteristics, type of hospitals, utilization (rate) and their relation to derive the forecasting model. After priori-analysis on the data of 6 years, we have at first test the data by means of regression, viz. ARIMA. Further studies by means of ANOVA can be conducted to search for the correlation between patient characteristics and utilization of AP, as well as the donation conditions and blood supply, where the characteristics of cancer. At last, we have done a cross-check on aforementioned data and interpretation of the result. Results: The result of this research shows at first that there is no influence of seasons (time) to the consumption of Aphaeresis Platelet in Taiwan while unexpected incidences such as COVID-19 do influence. As the second, medical institutions of different size and level do have different consuming behaviors to AP and patients under chemical therapies consume the largest portion of platelets, that is, 36.5%. More detailed, 25.92 of the patients with cancer consume platelet concentrated, 45.80% of them takes AP and 63.07% takes Prestorage Leukocyte-reduced Aphaeresis Platelets. The effects of perceived issues and potential development of performance improvement are worthy of further investigation. Conclusions: The result of this research shows at first that there is no influence of seasons (time) to the consumption of AP in Taiwan while unexpected incidences such as COVID-19 do influence. Medical institutions of different size and level do have different consuming behaviors to AP and patients under chemical therapies consume the largest portion of platelets.

7.
Journal of the Canadian Association of Gastroenterology ; 4, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2032035

ABSTRACT

Background: Cirrhosis is the leading cause of mortality and morbidity in individuals with gastrointestinal disease. Multiple care gaps exist for hospitalized patients with cirrhosis, resulting in high rates of re-hospitalization (e.g. 44% at 90 days in Alberta). The Cirrhosis Care Alberta (CCAB) is a 4-year multi-component pragmatic trial with an aim to reduce acute-care utilization by implementing an electronic order set and supporting education across eight hospital sites in Alberta. Aims: As part of the pre-implementation evaluation, this qualitative study analyzed data from provider focus groups to identify barriers and facilitators to implementation. Methods: We conducted focus groups at eight hospital sites with a total of 54 healthcare providers (3-12 per site). A semi-structured interview guide based upon constructs of the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR) and Normalization Process Theory (NPT) frameworks was used to guide the focus groups. Focus groups were recorded and transcribed verbatim. Data was analyzed thematically and inductively. Results: Five major themes emerged across all eight sites: (i) understanding past implementation experiences, (ii) resource challenges, (iii) competing priorities among healthcare providers, (iv) system challenges, and (v) urban versus rural differences. Site-specific barriers included perceived lack of patient flow, time restraints, and concerns about the quality and quantity of past implementation interventions. Facilitators included passionate project champions, and an ample feedback process. Conclusions: Focus groups were useful for identifying pre-implementation barriers and facilitators of an electronic orders set. Findings from this study are being refined to address the influence of COVID-19, and the data will be used to inform the intervention roll-out at each of the sites.

8.
Gynecologic Oncology ; 166:S68-S69, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2031753

ABSTRACT

Objectives: Our previously presented pilot study evaluated a web-based tool to collect family cancer history (FCH). It demonstrated that this tool resulted in significantly higher quality FCH compared to standard of care face-to-face physician interviews. However, the true value of FCH requires translation into the utilization of genetic services. Here, we aimed to evaluate referral rates and completion of genetic services for patients completing the web-based tool versus standard of care. Methods: Patients scheduled for a gynecologic oncology new patient visit between September 2019 and September 2021 were eligible for enrollment in this institutional review board-approved prospective trial. The trial had three arms: 1) Standard of care (FCH collection by physicians) 2) Web-based tool administered by email prior to the visit, 3) Web-based tool administered in the office prior to the visit (this arm closed early due to COVID-19 restrictions). Individuals were identified as high-risk for familial cancer if they met National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) guidelines in the standard of care arm, or if the validated cancer risk models embedded in the web-based tool returned a lifetime cancer risk >20% or mutation risk?>2.5% in the web-based tool arms. Validated risk assessment models included breast and ovarian BRCAPRO, Claus, Tyrer-Cuzick, Gail, colorectal and endometrial MMRPRO, MELAPRO, PANCPRO, and PREMM. The primary endpoint was the percentage of high-risk patients referred for genetic counseling/testing. Secondary endpoints included the completion of genetic counseling and genetic testing. Results: Two hundred and fifty patients were enrolled (Arm 1: 110;Arm 2: 105;Arm 3: 35). Among patients randomized to the web-based tool, 88 (63%) completed the tool. In the control arm, 31 patients (28%) met the criteria for referral to genetics, among which 18 (58%) had previously completed genetic testing. In the web-based tool arm, 26 patients (30%) met the criteria, among which 12 (46%) had previously completed genetic testing, and one was deceased soon after her visit. In the control arm, 54% of high-risk patients were referred to genetic counseling, 23% completed genetic counseling, and 23% completed genetic testing. In the web-based tool arm, 100% of high-risk patients were referred to genetic counseling, 54% completed genetic counseling, and 38% completed genetic testing (Table 1). Conclusions: When successfully completed, the use of a web-based tool for FCH collection facilitated the process of referral to genetics, resulting in significantly higher referral rates to genetic counseling than the standard of care physician interviews (100% vs 54%, p = 0.01). However, 37% of patients could not complete the web-based tool. Our findings demonstrate the potential power of health information technology to identify millions of individuals unknowingly carrying familial cancer syndromes and highlight those tools must be designed in a way to maximize patient participation.[Formula presented]

9.
J Hosp Infect ; 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-2031453

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The role of fomites in the transmission of SARS-CoV-2 is unclear. Our objective was to assess whether SARS-CoV-2 can be transmitted through fomites, using evidence from viral culture studies. METHODS: We conducted searches in the WHO Covid-19 Database, PubMed, LitCovid, medRxiv, and Google Scholar to 31 December 2021. We included studies that investigated fomite transmission and performed viral culture to assess the cytopathic effect (CPE) of positive fomite samples and confirmation of SARS-CoV-2 as the cause of the CPE. We assessed the risk of bias using a checklist modified from the QUADAS-2 criteria. RESULTS: We included 23 studies. The overall risk of bias was moderate. Five studies demonstrated replication-competent virus from fomite cultures and three used genome sequencing to match fomite samples with human clinical specimens. The mean Ct of samples with positive viral culture was significantly lower compared with cultured samples that returned negative results: SMD -1.45, 95%CI -2.00 to -0.90, I(2)=0%;P<0.00001. The likelihood of isolating replication-competent virus was significantly greater when the Ct was <30: RR 3.10 (95%CI 1.32 to 7.31, I(2)=71%, P=0.01). Infectious specimens were mostly detected within 7 days of symptom onset. One study showed possible transmission of SARS-CoV-2 from fomites to humans. CONCLUSION: The evidence from published studies suggests that replication-competent SARS-CoV-2 is present on fomites. Replication-competent SARS-CoV-2 is significantly more likely when the PCR Ct for clinical specimens and fomite samples is <30. Further studies should investigate the duration of infectiousness of SARS-CoV-2 and the frequency of transmission from fomites.

10.
Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology ; 87(3):AB166, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2031392

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Diversity and Community Engagement (DCE) residency positions have recently emerged to promote diversity and encourage academic investigation in caring for underserved populations. DCE residents pursue traditional medical and surgical residency training plus scholarly work and leadership in diversity, equity, inclusion, and community engagement. We describe DCE dermatology residency positions to provide a roadmap for educators who are interested in creating similar positions. Methods: Websites of 138 ACGME-accredited dermatology residency programs were reviewed, which revealed DCE residency positions affiliated with Duke School of Medicine and University of Pennsylvania. Semistructured interviews were held with key faculty members at these institutions to discuss program vision and to identify associated benefits and challenges. Results: The vision of these programs was to prioritize increasing DCE initiatives by recruiting residents who had sustained interest in research, educational programs, and/or community service specific to diversity and inclusion. DCE residents were encouraged to pursue their interests through clinical electives and scholarly work;many completed research projects on diseases that disproportionately affect people of color. Key benefits of these positions include expanded curriculum on diversity and inclusion and increased community outreach efforts by all faculty and residents. Other benefits include demonstrated department commitment to diversity and community engagement, which contributed to increased underrepresented in medicine residency applicants. Challenges include initial conceptualization of program funding and maintaining community outreach initiatives during the COVID-19 pandemic. Discussion: DCE residency positions provide personalized graduate medical education and may foster the next generation of leaders who are dedicated to caring for underserved populations.

11.
Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology ; 87(3):AB65, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2031378

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Phototherapy is an effective, economic dermatologic treatment with few side effects. Home phototherapy has the potential to overcome barriers that patients face in accessing care (e.g., frequent clinic visits, travel, co-pays, etc.). This study evaluated the feasibility and acceptability of a home phototherapy program at the University of Rochester. Methods: A retrospective review of electronic medical records and a telephone survey were conducted of all adult patients (≥18 years) prescribed home phototherapy for a dermatologic condition (2019-2021). Data collected from chart review included demographics and disease course. Telephone surveys consisted of 12 questions regarding device use, Perceived Global Impression of Severity (PGIS), Skindex-mini, satisfaction with care, and treatment preference. Institutional review board approval was obtained. Results: Of 63 eligible subjects, 43 (68%) participated in the survey (n = 23 psoriasis, n = 11 atopic dermatitis, n = 9 with other diseases). The average disease severity on PGIS at the time of survey was 2.72 (mild). Most subjects surveyed (88.4%) felt their disease had improved since initiating home phototherapy. All subjects preferred home therapy to in-office phototherapy due to the convenience (74.4%), distance they lived from clinic (27.9%), reduced cost (23.3%), work and household obligations (20.9%), privacy (14.0%), and COVID-19 related concerns (14.0%). Notably, 18.6% experienced side effects, most commonly erythema. Discussion: Home phototherapy is safe and effective, particularly for patients who have difficulty obtaining in-office care. It also presents a promising alternative to in-person care during the COVID-19 pandemic. Insurance carriers can save significant funds by instituting such programs and avoiding more costly systemic therapies.

12.
Giornale Italiano di Endoscopia Digestiva ; 2021(2):7-9, 2021.
Article in Italian | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2030765

ABSTRACT

Professor Michal Kaminski is a professor of gastroenterology at the Maria Sklodowska-Curie Me-morial Cancer Center and Institute of Oncology, in Warsaw, Poland. Since his landmark study, published on the The New England Journal of Medicine in 2010, which demonstrated the association between the quality of colonoscopy (namely, the adenoma detection rate) and the risk of interval colorectal cancer, he has published over a hundred peer-reviewed articles, mainly focused on colonoscopy and colorectal cancer screening. His main clinical and research activities include population screening methods and surveillance for colorectal cancer, quality and advanced tech-nical developments in colonoscopy, and the treatment of colorectal polyps and the early stages of intestinal cancer. Today, he is considered a leading international expert in this field. As a member of the Governing Board of the European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE), he has been actively involved in the development of many ESGE guidelines. In this interview with Professor Kaminski, the impact of SARS-COV2 pandemic on colorectal screening and the new technological innovations in colonoscopy will be discussed.

13.
Annals of Clinical Psychiatry ; 34(3):19-20, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2030704

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Adjustment disorders are now primary diagnoses in the trauma and stressrelated disorders section of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). Adjustment disorder with anxiety (AjDA) is the development of emotional or behavioral symptoms considered excessive in response to stressful events, significantly impairing a person's ability to function in social, occupational, and/ or other situations. Traumatic experiences related to the COVID-19 pandemic may have increased rates of adjustment disorders, especially among those whose life routines were disrupted by pandemic-associated stress and anxiety. PH94B (3b-hydroxy-androsta-4,16-dien-ol) has shown rapid-onset efficacy in the treatment of social anxiety disorder (Liebowitz et al. Am J Psychiatry. 2014). PH94B is a neuroactive steroid administered as a nasal spray that engages olfactory chemosensory neurons, activating subsets of olfactory bulb neurons that project directly to the limbic amygdala regulating fear and anxiety circuits. OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of PH94B in adults with AjDA. METHODS: This is an exploratory, phase 2A, randomized, double-blind, 4-week, placebo-controlled, 2-arm study in adults with AjDA. The primary outcome is change from baseline to week 4 in the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A) total score after intranasal administration of PH49B 4 times daily vs placebo. Patients with a DSM-5 diagnosis of AjDA confirmed by the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) with Adjustment Disorders Module and a clinician-rated HAM-A score of ≥20 at screening (Visit 1), with ≤15% decrease at baseline (Visit 2, randomization) are eligible for inclusion. Secondary outcomes include change from baseline to week 4 in the Adjustment Disorder New Module Scale (ADNM), the International Adjustment Disorder Questionnaire (IADQ), the Clinical Global Impression of Improvement (CGI-I), and the Patient Global Impression of Change (PGI-C). Change from baseline in the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D) was exploratory. RESULTS: A total of 40 patients will be randomized (1:1 drug to placebo). The study design features the use of the ADNM and IADQ, newly developed according to ICD-11 criteria for evaluation of AjDA. While both are validated, neither has been tested in placebo-controlled clinical trials. Both scales begin with a list of stressors (18 for ADNM and 9 for IADQ);a yes answer to any 1 stressor triggers a series of questions about the frequency and duration of a patient's reaction to the stressor (ADNM) or quantifies symptoms in response to the stressor (IADQ). CONCLUSIONS: Anxiety disorders are the most prevalent psychiatric disorders and a leading cause of disability. Anxiety and impaired functioning are increasing, particularly in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, and no pharmacologic treatment is currently approved by the FDA for AjDA. PH94B, an investigational pherine nasal spray, is also being studied for treatment of other anxiety-related disorders.

14.
Belitung Nursing Journal ; 8(4):277-279, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2026612

ABSTRACT

Qualitative research methods allow researchers to understand the experiences of patients, nurses, and other healthcare professionals. Qualitative research also provides scientists with information about how decisions are made and the aspects of existing interventions. However, to get to obtain this important information, qualitative research requires holistic, rich, and nuanced data that can be analyzed to determine themes, categories, or emerging patterns. Generally, offline or in-person interviews, focus group discussions, and observations are three core approaches to data collection. However, geographical barriers, logistic challenges, and emergency conditions, such as the COVID-19 pandemic have necessitated the utilization of online interviews, including chatting as an alternative way of collecting data. This editorial aims to discuss the possibility of online chat interviews as an acceptable design in qualitative data collection.

15.
Nordic Journal of Nursing Research ; 42(3):133-139, 2022.
Article in English | CINAHL | ID: covidwho-2021083

ABSTRACT

Within the field of neurological disease, it seems that involvement of relatives is of utmost importance since the patients often are affected in several areas (physical, cognitive, and emotional) which impair their ability to participate in decision-making about their treatment and care. This study aimed to illuminate neuroscience nurses' comprehension of collaborating with and involvement of relatives. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 19 neuroscience registered nurses. The qualitative data were analyzed utilizing inductive thematic analysis. The COREQ checklist was applied. The analysis identified how collaboration with, and involvement of relatives are perceived as a focus for nursing care and a resource for both patients and registered nurses. Registered nurses having personal experience as a relative find it easier to establish a relationship with relatives. This study emphasizes the importance of the establishment of a trusting relationship between registered nurses and relatives for a positive collaboration and thus involvement of relatives.

16.
8th International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) for Sustainability, ICT4S 2022 ; : 160-171, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2018875

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic forced researchers to move academic conferences to a virtual format;but also brought attention back to the carbon footprint of their physical format. In general, while conferences can follow different formats with a different carbon footprint, the related factors of influence remain unclear, hence hindering informed decisions on how to organize and attend them.This work provides a preliminary study of the carbon footprint of academic conferences and the trade-offs between alternative conference types. First, we conducted a systematic literature review (SLR) to identify factors that contribute to the carbon footprint of on-site, virtual, and hybrid conferences. Second, we conducted an interview survey among steering committee members of a pilot of prominent international conferences to complement the SLR.There is agreement in the literature and the research community that on-site conferences suffer from travel-related emissions among many other factors. While the on-site type benefits from strong networking possibilities, the virtual and hybrid types can reduce carbon emissions significantly. Notwithstanding, we miss a generic framework that accounts for all revealed carbon footprint factors in each conference type. Also, compared to carbon offsetting, carbon handprinting as a footprint reduction option is considered in neither the literature nor the research community. Among the results, we provide a first sustainability model to compare current and future conference types according to their sustainability trade-offs. The model can be used as a decision-making tool by, e.g., conference organizers. © 2022 IEEE.

17.
52nd International Simulation and Gaming Association Conference, ISAGA 2021 ; 13219 LNCS:273-279, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2013906

ABSTRACT

The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has affected global economies including food industry. The food service industry is unable to operate normally and faces issues such as frequent leave requests, shortened business hours and reduction in the number of seats in restaurants to prevent the spread of COVID-19. As a result, several restaurants have been forced to close. Therefore, this study proposes a game system that applies the mechanism of the prediction market to solicit ideas from employees for recovery of sales in small restaurants and effective use of ingredients (including reduction of food waste) under the business scenario in COVID-19. In such a game, routine restaurant operations can be understood, current issues can be analyzed and the deductions from these can be used as a reference for subsequent business opportunities. The game will improve communication between owners and employees. Understanding the contents of food waste will be beneficial to employees and consumers. © 2022, Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

18.
NEW SOCIAL STREET ECONOMY: An Effect of The COVID-19 Pandemic ; 107:113-+, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2012723

ABSTRACT

The spread of COVID-19 has shaken people's lives around the globe in an extraordinary way, threatening health, disrupting economic activity, and spreading fear and anxiety. However, the outbreak originated as a public health crisis, the COVID-19 pandemic has also developed into a global economic crisis, with severe and potentially lasting impacts on employment and trade. The chapter investigates the changing dynamics of street economy during the COVID-19 era. In this study, one of the biggest but overlooked stakeholders of the street economy, municipality's perception through the constables regarding the street vendors will be investigated. It is known that the worldwide epidemic of COVID has caused such problems as layoffs, depreciation of money, the global crisis, foreign trade coming to a halt, and, thus, it reduces individuals' purchasing power. Therefore, it is considered that the number of individuals who are parties to the street economy has increased. This research aims to understand and discuss how COVID-19 has been affected to the street economy from the point of view of the constables, who are one of the most important stakeholders of the issue. A qualitative depth interviews were conducted to the constables of Izmir Municipality in Turkey. A semi-structured interview questions were applied and the data were analysed with the NVIVO program to understand the changing dynamics of street economy during the COVID-19 era in Turkey. The research aims to support and guide the local authorities with fresh data from the field regarding the changing characteristics of street economy.

19.
International Journal of Pure Medical Research ; 7(8):1-4, 2022.
Article in English | CINAHL | ID: covidwho-2012060
20.
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine ; 19:1-15, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2010604

ABSTRACT

Background: Although bullying and harassment among academic staff has been well researched, research on students bullying and harassing academic teaching staff (ie, contrapower harassment) is less common. Contrapower harassment has been on the rise in academia over the last decade, partly attributable to changes in the student– faculty staff relationship. This study aimed to understand better the extent and impact of students’ contrapower harassment on paramedic academic teaching staff within Australian universities, as well as actions and interventions to address it. Methods: This study used a two-phase mixed methods design. In phase 1, a convenience sample of paramedic teaching academics from 12 universities in Australia participated in an online questionnaire. In phase 2, an in-depth interview was conducted with nine participants from phase 1. Results: Seventy-six academic teaching staff participated in the study. Survey results showed that most academics surveyed had experienced harassment from paramedic students, with the highest incidence of harassment occurring during student assessment periods. Alarmingly, over 30% of the academics surveyed had been ‘stalked’ by a student and over 50% had felt powerless and helpless when students had attacked them on social media. Problematic students were identified as those who presented with an over-inflated sense of entitlement or with psychological states and traits that find it challenging to accept feedback and failure, and look to externalise their failures. Reasons for increases in contrapower harassment included a complex mix of consumer and demand-driven education, ondemand (and demanding) instant gratification and degree self-entitlement, and an increase in social media and online learning (particularly during the COVID-19 pandemic of 2020). Conclusion: Although most of the academics in this study experienced contrapower harassment by students, they also report that most students are level-headed and supportive, and do not carry out this type of harassment. Promoting student professionalism and reassessing student evaluations are starting points for addressing this type of harassment. Further research on the broader systemic issues that influence the contributors to contrapower harassment is needed.

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