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1.
Heliyon ; : e12477, 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-2165324

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 crisis has had significant impacts on mental health. Students are dealing with an uncertain context, not only due to COVID-19 but also because most of them have never been involved with the challenges of online school. The COVID-19 situation presents daily challenges that require students to respond adaptively. However, little is known about how students handle their daily emotions, in such challenging settings. Drawing on the broaden-and-built theory, we developed a multilevel model arguing that daily-positive affect would enhance daily engagement, and this would be positively related to students' end-of-the-day mental health. We also predict that the mediating path would be stronger for students with higher levels of self-leadership. To achieve the goals, we conducted a 5-day diary study (n = 64*5 = 320). Results from multilevel modeling showed that positive emotions trigger academic engagement which, in turn, increases mental health, both at the within and between-person level. Results also demonstrated that self-leadership strengthened the positive mediating path, for students with higher levels of self-leadership. Positive affect appears to be a significant predictor of mental health in higher education settings. Moreover, developing self-leadership is an added value, that may be conceived as a personal resource, and may protect students from the uncertainty triggered by the COVID-19 crisis.

2.
European Management Journal ; 2023.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-2165266

ABSTRACT

Drawing on the theory of intentional change, the study investigated the cross-level indirect effect of resonant leadership on the remote engagement of software professionals through psychological empowerment. We explored how mindfulness buffers the associations between resonant leadership, psychological empowerment, and remote engagement in the context of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). We used a sample of 406 team members nested in 56 teams from 15 large-scale Indian information technology firms during the second wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. Our empirical strategy is based on hierarchical linear modelling. The findings revealed that the cross-level effect of resonant leadership on work engagement through psychological empowerment is the strongest when subordinates show a lower degree of mindfulness. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to unravel the mechanisms underlying the relationship between resonant leadership, psychological empowerment, work engagement, and mindfulness by empirically validating cross-level mediation and moderation. Moreover, the findings add a new lens to the theory of intentional change through the cross-level effects of resonant leadership on the proposed criterion variables under the bounded conditions of low-intensity mindfulness of subordinates.

3.
Social Networks ; 2023.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-2165860

ABSTRACT

University students have changed their behaviour due to the COVID-19 pandemic. In this paper, we describe the characteristics of PCR+ and PCR- nodes, analyse the structure, and relate the structure of student leaders to pandemic contagion as determined by PCR+ in 93 residential university students. Leadership comes from the male students of social science degrees who have PCR +, with an eigenvector centrality structure, β-centrality, and who are part of the bow-tie structure. There was a significant difference in β-centrality between leaders and non-leaders and in β-centrality between PCR+ and non-leaders. Leading nodes were part of the bow-tie structure. MR-QAP results show how residence and scientific branch were the most important factors in network formation. Therefore, university leaders should consider influential leaders, as they are vectors for disseminating both positive and negative outcomes.

4.
NASN Sch Nurse ; : 1942602X221109615, 2022 Jul 13.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2162121

ABSTRACT

State School Nurse Consultants (SSNCs) played a pivotal role in navigating school health during the COVID-19 pandemic. Schools faced unprecedented challenges in which many school administrators found themselves having to make strategic decisions on school health for the first time in their careers. The work of SSNCs has been recognized and appreciated in an unprecedented way, as they became key gatekeepers in school health, forming new partnerships with State Departments of Health and Education stakeholders; supporting school nursing practice, school nurses' mental health, and pandemic fatigue; providing resources; and organizing many state-wide virtual trainings. SSNCs were strategic in developing state school health policy and providing funding support, increasing school nurse positions in their states. As their roles have changed, SSNCs will continue to be intentional in the promotion of health and disease prevention throughout the years to come.

5.
J Nurs Manag ; 2022 Sep 30.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2152806

ABSTRACT

AIM: This study examines Pakistan nurses' emotional labour and stress in health care emergencies, specifically their emotional exhaustion and availability of support of organization and management to alleviate the effects. BACKGROUND: As COVID-19 pandemic has been declared a global outbreak and many countries have enacted medical emergencies, this has increased job demands and expected desired emotional expressions from frontline workers. Such high levels of job demand contribute to various stress reactions among employees. METHODS: Authors applied a longitudinal design, using an experimental approach, to collect data from 319 nurses serving in 107 government hospitals in Pakistan. The authors surveyed nurses at two time points with the interval of 3 months by using an online questionnaire tool. At one time, they asked nurses to report on emotional labour, stress and exhaustion. In the second phase, after providing supports (during interval phase) at different levels, the authors repeated the same scales from same participants in addition to instrumental support and coaching leadership. Data were processed using SPSS-Amos for elementary analysis and SPSS-process macro software for robustness and hypotheses testing. RESULTS: The findings indicate that job stress fully mediates the relationship between surface acting and emotional exhaustion in controlled phase and partially mediates in intervention phase. Furthermore, in intervention phase, instrumental support moderates and alleviates positive effects of emotional labour on job stress, and coaching leadership moderates and lessens positive effects of job stress on emotional exhaustion. CONCLUSION: This research concludes that health care organizations can alleviate emotional exhaustion caused by emotional labour and job stress amid emergencies by providing support at different levels: organizational and managerial. However, the effectiveness of these supports depends on high to low levels. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING MANAGEMENT: This study demonstrates that to handle and support emotional labour and job stress to avoid emotional exhaustion in health care emergencies, organizational supports matter. Support at organizational level can include instrumental support. At managerial level, holding a coaching leadership style can foster external facets of management while uplifting the internal support qualities of confidence and self-awareness that improve the individuals' ability to lead; work with paradox and uncertainty.

6.
Open Praxis ; 14(1):68-82, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2164899

ABSTRACT

This study unearthed the prevailing attitudes and perceptions of Caribbean Higher Education Leaders towards online chemistry learning prior to the COVID-19 pandemic and puts forward a case for more formal training in e-leadership for Caribbean Higher Education Chemistry leaders. This is based on the findings of a mixed method study which showed inter alia that there are some differences in the attitudes and perceptions between Caribbean Higher Education Administrators and faculty with regard to online and face to face chemistry lectures. The study was conducted among four Caribbean Departments of Chemistry and utilized a modified Science Teachers and Online Instructional Concerns (STOIC) survey. The findings point to the need for a more calculated approach to the professional development of Caribbean Higher Education Leaders as well as the surmounting of several barriers which hinder the implementation of alternative modes of delivery for the teaching and learning of chemistry in the Caribbean.

7.
NeuroQuantology ; 20(16):3200-3204, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2164838

ABSTRACT

Responding to the COVID-19 pandemic and its consequences will be one of the biggest challenges for businesses in this era. The management team will be primarily responsible for risk management for the business. It will be leaders themselves who will have to determine the right time and method to carry out the complex task: Bringing the workforce back to the workplace after government bans, like in Vietnam, are lifted. easing. Copyright © 2022, Anka Publishers. All rights reserved.

8.
Scientific Papers of the University of Pardubice-Series D-Faculty of Economics and Administration ; 29(1), 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2164757

ABSTRACT

The emergence and spreading of COVID-19 pandemic were surprising and sudden. It caused the need for competent crisis management throughout the public administration to manage the initial stage of the crisis. The purpose of our research is to identify the connection between the competencies of crisis management in self-governments and employee performance, measured at the time of the initial stage of the crisis, by their feeling of satisfaction, safety and establishment of conditions for work. In this research report, we expect these variables to be connected via the sharing of information, teamwork and cognitive diversity of work teams. The research used the mediator model according to Baron and Kenny. Sobel's test was used to test the mediator effect. Regression analysis was used to verify the hypotheses. The ANOVA variance analysis was used to analyze multiple dependency. The level of significance was 5%. The research sample consisted of 207 managers in self-government organizations operating in Slovakia. The hypothesis on the dependency between the crisis management competencies and team performance during the initial stage of the crisis, facilitated by sharing of information, teamwork and cognitive diversity of crisis management, was confirmed.

9.
South African Journal of Science ; 118(11/12):1-8, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2164371

ABSTRACT

In the previous article in this issue (S Afr J Sci. 2022;118(11/12), Art. #13165), the emergence and spread of COVID-19 pari passu with climate change and planetary degradation were interpreted as late manifestations in the trend towards gradual decline into disorder (entropy) in an unstable and ecologically threatened planet. In this article, as we contemplate a post-COVID world, the question is whether new insights could generate courageous, prescient leadership towards new paradigms of health, politics, economics, society, and our relationship with nature. A gloomy prognosis is postulated because of the power of many impediments to such changes, both in an increasingly polarised world and in South Africa as a microcosm. Despite many squandered opportunities and a decline in local and global cooperation between all who have a stake in the future, some hope is retained for innovative shifts towards sustainable futures. Significance: Precarious local and global instabilities are vivid reminders of our interconnectedness with each other and with nature. Insights into local and global threats and opportunities, call for paradigm shifts in thinking about and taking action towards a potentially sustainable future in a country that has its own unique history and problems but is also a microcosm of the world. The impediments to making appropriately constructive paradigm shifts in many countries with their tendencies to authoritarianism that threaten peace and democracy, are even more complex in South Africa, where opportunities for dialogue and cooperation are diminishing. Retaining some hope, with vision and courage for innovative shifts towards a sustainable economic/ecological paradigm locally and globally, is arguably essential.

10.
Frontiers in Psychology ; 13, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2163095

ABSTRACT

The emergence of COVID-19 has resulted in many changes in the world of work. Measures such as remote working, physical distancing, compulsory use of face masks, sanitization among others. With time, a number of medical interventions to deal with the pandemic were developed and availed. Zimbabwe's retail sector was not spared of different vaccines which were meant to curb the virus. Most Zimbabwean organizations made it mandatory for their employees to get vaccinated or risked losing employment. However, less is known about the perceptions of employees toward voluntary vaccination. This gap is important given the strategic nature of employees in an organization. This paper poses the following questions (1) to what extent were employees consulted on the compulsory vaccination? (2) What are the employees' perceptions toward compulsory vaccination? (3) How are employees coping with the mandatory vaccination? The study was premised on the classical work of Kurt Lewin on types of leadership, specifically autocratic-democratic styles. Twenty shopfloor employees from two major retail outlets with functional human resource departments and works councils in Masvingo were purposively sampled and interviewed using a semi-structured interview guide. The sample composed of women and men of different age groups. Thematic analysis was used to analyze data. The paper argues that employees have a right to be involved in issues that concern them. The study has established four levels of consultation existing on a continuum namely formal and genuine consultations, formal but less genuine consultations, informal consultations, and no consultation at all. The fourth level emerged to have been the most popular among most participants. With regards to employees' perceptions of mandatory vaccination by management, findings have revealed three categories which are, perceived good decision, perceived tight hands on the part of management and the them and us perceptions. Concerning reactions to mandatory vaccination, the study has shown that employees in the retail sector had a number of options to follow. Some went for full vaccination willingly or under duress, while others settled for a single dose. Most participants highlighted that they fraudulently obtained some vaccination cards. These findings support the relevance of engaging employees on matters that affect them. The study has therefore established the importance of genuine consultations between management and employees on issues that pertains the latter.

11.
Management Communication Quarterly ; 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2162186

ABSTRACT

Adapting to the remote working environment has been one of the most visible challenges for many organizations during the COVID-19 pandemic. As employee creativity helps organizations' survival and resilience during times of crisis, this study aims to examine the role of leadership communication, family-supportive leadership communication in particular, in fostering creativity among work-from-home employees. The current study specifically focuses on the mediating processes in this relationship and the moderating role of employees' work-life segmentation preferences, using a survey of 449 employees who have worked from home during the COVID-19 outbreak. The results showed that employee-organization relationship (EOR) quality, positive affect, and work-life enrichment mediate the relationship between family-supportive leadership communication and employee creativity. The effects of family-supportive leadership communication on employees' positive affect and work-life enrichment were more prominent for those who prefer to segment their work and lives. This paper concludes with a discussion of the theoretical and practical implications of these findings for leadership in organizational communication.

12.
Journal of Communication Inquiry ; : 1, 2022.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-2162160

ABSTRACT

This paper examined the adoption of social media to disperse information at the beginning of the ongoing coronavirus pandemic. Content analysis was employed to identify and select relevant posts for presidents of five African countries (Egypt, South Africa, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, and Nigeria) from February to July 2020, which were analyzed using descriptive statistical methods. Results indicate that African leaders utilized Facebook mostly in April, posting majorly in text form about issues centered on diplomatic ties, information and orientation, and preventive measures. Followers were more inclined to share the posts than they react by emojis and comments based on Facebook account, post form, and post topic. The findings demonstratively uphold the significance of social media in leadership communication, highlighting ways by which frequent and dominant content can be directed in messages during a crisis. [ FROM AUTHOR]

13.
BMJ : British Medical Journal (Online) ; 379, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2161831

ABSTRACT

Victor Montori and Dominique Allwood argue that industrialised healthcare is humanly and financially unsustainable. The way forward demands a radical change in healthcare to create the conditions for careful and kind care

14.
Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation ; 37(6):E531-E532, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2161230

ABSTRACT

The onset of the COVID-19 global pandemic accelerated the need for a digital transformation of healthcare service delivery, as in-person contact was restricted, necessitating the increased use of remote appointments and virtual clinical intervention. While the benefits of the digital revolution have been evident, the training needs of professionals using these new technologies and the support they require to make best use of these innovations have been less explored. There is increased recognition of how technology can be time and costeffective. However, effectiveness and use of software depend on the right amount of training and support provided to the users. Rehabilitation goal setting is a crucial but complex component of neurorehabilitation. It involves specific processes (eg, a functional assessment, Goal Attainment Scaling, SMART framework). However, coordination and communication of data between clinicians, patients, and other individuals involved in goal setting can be difficult to track and monitor. Goal Manager is a cloud-based platform designed to facilitate clinicians in undertaking best practice rehabilitation goal setting, while ensuring progress is tracked and communication is clear. Digital solutions like Goal Manager have been emphasized as a key need following the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic. This study describes how training provided to individual services impacts implementation of Goal Manager and other digital solutions. This qualitative study has surveyed clinicians working in independent and voluntary sector services, considering their pre- and posttraining knowledge, competency, and confidence in goal-setting practices, as well as in using healthcare software and technology more widely. Outcomes are discussed regarding the experience and perceived effectiveness of formal training and individual coaching. Conclusions regarding the right amount of support, training, and leadership required for new technology to be implemented effectively are discussed, including the need for an individually tailored approach and follow-up support and training. Recommendations will guide services looking to implement digital solutions on staff training and support considerations.

15.
Am J Health Syst Pharm ; 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2160914

ABSTRACT

In an effort to expedite the publication of articles, AJHP is posting manuscripts online as soon as possible after acceptance. Accepted manuscripts have been peer-reviewed and copyedited, but are posted online before technical formatting and author proofing. These manuscripts are not the final version of record and will be replaced with the final article (formatted per AJHP style and proofed by the authors) at a later time.

16.
Journal of Information & Optimization Sciences ; 43(6):1353-1361, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2160522

ABSTRACT

The pandemic situation caused by COVID-19 has forced most IT companies in India to conduct work from home until 2021. Organizations have thought that by shifting the workspace from office to home, they would be able to combat the pandemic situation. The shift of the workplace during the pandemic has augmented employee anxiety, stress and burnout, which have further resulted in employee disengagement. The regression analysis has been used to study the impact of COVID-19 and identify the key drivers that largely impacted employee engagement during the pandemic. The present study has tried to lay a foundation for investigating employee engagement amid the pandemic and post-pandemic mainly in the IT sector.

17.
Journal of Information & Optimization Sciences ; 43(6):1431-1441, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2160516

ABSTRACT

Leadership is a journey that never stops and has power to evoke the minds of the people in the organisation. Outbreak of COVID-19 left individuals and organizations with many shocks due to unprecedented change. Transformational leadership style evokes the behaviour of employees towards better task. This study aims to establish the relationship between the transformational leadership and its impact on the employee performance in COVID-19 era. An empirical study was conducted by a survey, administered on employees of IT sector. Hypotheses were tested on a sample of 300. Statistical tools such as excel and SPSS were used for analysis. Multiple Regression was applied to study the influence of transformational leadership on employee performance. The results showed there is a significant relationship between transformational leadership and employee performance and the predictive variable traits of transformational leadership contributed significantly.

18.
Nature. ; 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2160175

ABSTRACT

Why researchers worry that easing COVID restrictions could overwhelm China's health-care system. Plus, genetic links to canine quirks uncovered and how world leaders can save a million species from extinction [Figure not available: see fulltext.]. Copyright © 2022, Springer Nature Limited.

19.
The Lancet ; 400(10368):2023-2026, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2159951

ABSTRACT

In 1948, the UK National Health Service (NHS) was established on the back of a migrant workforce and has, over time, been sustained with crucial contributions from overseas health-care professionals.2 In 2022, 24·1% (332 102) of staff in the NHS were from minority ethnic backgrounds, a substantial increase from 16·2% 10 years ago,3 and higher than the 15·2% in the general population.4 Furthermore, as many as 30% (108 976) of NHS nurses and 45% (62 344) of doctors are from minority ethnic backgrounds.5 With the present chronic shortage of clinical staff in the NHS, and insufficient numbers of people being trained domestically,6 the NHS is likely to become more reliant on recruitment from overseas.7 Today, the largest number of new nurses being recruited to the NHS are from India, Nigeria, and the Philippines.8 But this diversity of the NHS workforce does not guarantee equality or inclusivity. Racism and insufficient diversity in the US health-care workforce can be partly traced to the 1910 Flexner Report, which led to the closure of all but two Black medical schools and a substantial decrease in the number of Black physicians over the years.9 A 2021 study of racial and ethnic representation in the US health-care workforce estimated that in 2019, 12·1% (17 916 227) of the workforce was Black.10 Across ten health professions studied, Black representation ranged from 3·3% for physical therapists to 11·4% for respiratory therapists.10 Latino people accounted for 18·2% (26 953 648) of the US workforce, with representation in the ten health professions ranging from 3·4% to 10·8%.10 In 2021, only 0·6% (850 074) of the US workforce were Native Americans and their representation in the ten professions ranged from 0 to 0·9%.10 Meanwhile, Black female staff are over-represented in the US health-care workforce but are heavily concentrated in low-wage jobs in the long-term care sector and in hospitals as a result of enduring sexism and racism.11 Nurse is using digital tablet in hospital FS Productions/Getty Images Alongside the diversity of the health-care workforce, it is important to examine whether the leadership of health-care organisations is diverse and whether minority ethnic staff have equitable experiences in the workplace compared with White staff. [...]all these actions can only be effective if built on a foundation of systematically collected and analysed data about workforces.

20.
AORN Journal ; 115(3):211-213, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2157683

ABSTRACT

"1 As President of this wonderful association, there are so many ways that I can measure the past year. * In days: 333 serving as President. * In "President's Messages": 12 deadlines that had to be met (but more often were not). * In conference calls: with the Board;the Executive Committee;and various other committees, task forces, and groups. After the Reset, we held a combined orientation for the Board of Directors and Nominating Committee members. The COVID-19 pandemic has left its mark on the world, and our association has not been unscathed by it. Because the Headquarters team was nimble, resourceful, and acting in the best interest of the Association and you, our members, we emerged from the last two years financially strong, even after transitioning both the 2020 and 2021 AORN Global Surgical Conference & Expos into virtual events. Along with Lynn, my executive director, Becky Ruban, MSN, RN, SHRM-SCP, and Evelyn Rosenthal, AVP Leader and Employee Development Experience, have provided me with autonomy to do both my work and serve AORN during my tenure on the Board.

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