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1.
Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology ; 16(3):208-213, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2033603

ABSTRACT

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has spread worldwide, forcing governments to implement quarantines as a preventive measure against the spread of the virus. Quarantine causes changes in lifestyle and anthropometry status among communities. Objective: To describe the lifestyle and anthropometric status of medical students batch 2018 FM UA during the pandemic. Methods: This was a descriptive study using online questionnaires from September 2020 to February 2021. Results: There were variations in students’ anthropometry. Students’ average height is 161.110 cm, the average weight is 60.308 cm, the average body mass index is 23.193 cm, the average upper arm circumference is 27.846 cm, and the average abdominal circumference is 79.621 cm. Furthermore, 145 respondents (81.9%) stated that they experienced changes in their lifestyle during the pandemic. A total of 89 respondents (50.3%) continued to exercise and the other 88 respondents (49.7%) did not. Regarding the sleep pattern, 108 respondents (61%) had quite good sleep quality and 50 respondents (28.2%) had quite poor sleep quality. For the food consumption pattern, 46 respondents (26%) ate more sweet foods. Furthermore, 156 respondents (88.1%) did sedentary activities, with 77 respondents (43.5%) doing sedentary behavior for more than 6 hours a day. Conclusion: During the COVID-19 pandemic, the anthropometric status of medical students batch 2018 FMUA varied;and tend to maintain their physical activity, have quite good sleep quality, prefer eating sweet foods, and do a sedentary behavior for a longer duration

2.
NeuroQuantology ; 20(8):8171-8177, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2033468

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Globally COVID-19 pandemic impacted on all dimensions of the lives in the world. Quality of lifemeasures person’s well-being. Very less information was available about the influence of COVID-19 pandemic onqualityoflife.Thus,objectivewastoassessimpactandchangeinlifestylerelatedfactorscontributingtoqualityoflife among employedpopulationduetoCOVID-19pandemic. Methodology:Webbasedcrosssectionalstudywasconductedamong>18yearsofstudyparticipants.Convenientsa mplingmethodwasused. DataanalysiswasdoneusingEpi infosoftware7.2.2version. Results: A total 252 study participants completed the study. COVID-19 pandemic impact was severe on physicaldomain 114(43.51%) and on psychological domain 20(7.63%). Over all the effect of pandemic on quality of lifewas moderate 136(51.91%). 234(89.31%) participants responded that there was excellent change in lifestylerelatedpractices. Conclusion:COVID-19pandemichadmoderatelyaffectedqualityoflifeinourstudysubjects,alongwithexcellentchangeinlifestylerelate dpractices. Studies in huge population will be requiredtoverify these findings.

3.
International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research ; 13(9):3768-3777, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2033427

ABSTRACT

December 2019 has become one of the most surprising days in the whole world in light of the flare-up of a most infectious sickness brought about by novel Covid or Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Corona virus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). This study is conducted to assess the benefits of the use of home remedies to prevent the cause of Covid-19 and evaluate the assessment of dietary changes and physical activity in the prevention of Covid-19. A questionnaire-based online survey is conducted using Google forms consisting of multiple-choice questions about home remedies, lifestyle and dietary changes made by the people during this pandemic. These home remedies included using different types of herbal preparations, steam inhalation, physical exercise and OTC medications for prophylaxis. Questions likewise included about being infected by Coronavirus-19(during first wave or second) and their recovery period, additionally collected their viewpoint for changes made, for example how much they are useful in the prevention of the attack and whenever encountered any undesirable impacts. Total responses were 210, among which 121(57.6%) responses were from females and 89(42.4%) from males. 65 people tested Covid positive (42 during the first wave and 23 during the second wave). 118(56.2%) of people think these changes are very beneficial. (Rated 4 and 5 out of 5 points). From our survey, we concluded that different herbal preparations of their composition, which they thought are helpful, and steam inhalations have been used. Rating regarding the use and effectiveness was also found to be average. Further studies are needed to prove and provide clear evidence about adverse and side effects associated with the use of herbal products.

4.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 879440, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2032767

ABSTRACT

The Covid-19 pandemic drastically modified social life and lifestyle, in particular, among children and adolescents, promoting sedentary behaviors and unhealthy eating habits. The aims of this study were to assess the rate and the factors associated with outpatient drop-out in childhood obesity management, and to evaluate how the Covid-19 pandemic influenced weight status and lifestyle of children and adolescents with obesity. One hundred and forty-five children and adolescents with obesity were identified, including 80 subjects evaluated before the Covid-19 pandemic (group A) and 65 subjects in the period straddling the Covid-19 pandemic (group B). Anamnestic (family history of obesity, dietary habits, physical activity, screen time), socio-cultural (economic status, employment and schooling of parents, household composition, place of living) and clinical (weight, height, BMI, waist circumference) data were retrospectively analyzed for each subject in both groups at baseline (V0) and 12-months (V1) at in-person assessment. Glycemic and lipid profiles were assessed at V0. Drop-out rate did not differ significantly between the two groups. BMI SDS at V0 (OR=2.52; p=0.004), female sex (OR=0.41; p=0.035), and the presence of a single parent in the household (OR=5.74; p=0.033) significantly influenced drop-out in both groups. Weight loss between V0 and V1 was significantly greater among group A patients compared to group B (p=0.031). In group B, hours spent in physical activity significantly decreased from V0 to V1, being significantly lower than group A at V1; on the contrary, screen time significantly increased in the same period. The consumption of sugary drinks and snacks was significantly greater in group B than group A at V1. Our study documented that the Covid-19 pandemic, although not affecting the drop-out rate of obese children in a follow-up program, negatively influenced lifestyle and reduced the effectiveness of outpatient counseling in childhood obesity treatment.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Nijmegen Breakage Syndrome , Obesity Management , Pediatric Obesity , Adolescent , Body Mass Index , COVID-19/epidemiology , Child , Counseling , Female , Humans , Outpatients , Pandemics , Pediatric Obesity/epidemiology , Pediatric Obesity/therapy , Retrospective Studies
5.
Cogent Business & Management ; 9(1), 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2031993

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has fundamentally changed many aspects of lives, including business and consumer behaviour. This study investigates Gen-X, Gen-Y, and Gen-Z in their change in food purchasing behaviour during the pandemic. Further, the study examines the relationships among customer value, customer satisfaction, and eWOM across three generations. It is found that (1) Gen-X, Gen-Y, and Gen-Z perceived different value during the pandemic, (2) Gen-X found to be the cohort that is most concerned with safety value in selecting food compared to the other two cohorts, meanwhile Gen-Y is the cohort with the highest concern on information value, (3) customer value has significant impact on satisfaction and eWOM for Gen-X and Gen-Z, however for Gen-Y, customer value impacts satisfaction significantly, surprisingly, it has no impact on eWOM. Managerial implications and future research directions are highlighted in this study.

6.
Gynecologic Oncology ; 166:S251, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2031758

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To determine (1) if health disparities experienced by rural, obese endometrial cancer survivors (ECS) were exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic and (2) preferred components and delivery methods for behavioral interventions. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was distributed to obese, early- stage ECS to ascertain demographic information, physical activity (PA level), self-efficacy, lifestyle intervention preferences, as well as the impact of COVID-19 on PA, diet, and mental health. Responses were compared between obese (BMI= 30-39.9 kg/m2) and morbidly obese (BMI= 40+ kg/m2) survivors as well as those who did or did not meet national PA recommendations. Results: Among 335 eligible survivors, only 70 (20.9%) completed the survey. The median age was 63 years (IQR: 14 years). Survivors were 37 months from diagnosis (IQR: 37 months). The median BMI was 39.2 kg/m2 (IQR: 8.4 kg/m2). Overall, only one-quarter of ECS were fairly or fully confident in their ability to undertake moderate PA. More morbidly obese survivors reported low self-efficacy in performing moderate PA than obese survivors (90% vs 65%;p= 0.02). Pre COVID-19, 66% of survivors did not meet PA guidelines and were more likely to be morbidly obese than obese, but the difference was not significant (78% vs 58%;p=0.08). Post COVID-19, 83% of survivors did not meet PA guidelines, with no difference between BMI groups (82% vs 84%;p>0.05). After COVID-19, 54% of survivors reported a decrease in PA, 32% made poorer nutritional choices, and 47% reported worsening mental health. Post COVID-19, no difference in the nutrition or mental health changes was seen between survivors who were meeting PA guidelines and those who were not (p>0.05). Regarding lifestyle interventions, survivors preferred information delivered electronically (online (56%) or via email (41%)) versus in person (30%) or via text (21%). Preferences for PA included exercising at home (46%) or online with a coach (33%) versus with a group fitness class (18%) or at the gym (17%). Combining health promotion with exercise was appealing to the majority of participants (37%), while others were not interested (27%) or unsure (31%). Responses were similar between patients meeting and not meeting PA recommendations (p>0.05). The most preferred lifestyle intervention components included tracking progress (56%), health recipes (56%), one-on-one counseling (46%), tips for cheap and healthy eating (41%), exercising alone (41%), and online sessions (39%). Conclusions: As a result of COVID-19, rural, obese ECS experienced a decrease in PA, worse nutritional decision-making, and poorer mental health. Preferred components of lifestyle interventions in this patient population were identified and can be used to develop future, evidence-based behavioral interventions. These interventions may be scalable in rural communities with limited access during the COVID-19 pandemic and beyond.

7.
Gynecologic Oncology ; 166:S152-S153, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2031754

ABSTRACT

Objectives: Obesity is an epidemic in gynecologic oncology, leading to an increased risk of surgical complications and poor cancer outcomes. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is an effective weight loss strategy. We aimed to determine whether group CBT is an effective weight loss tool when offered in an outpatient gynecologic oncology setting. Methods: We established a CBT-based weight management intervention for gynecologic oncology patients at an NCI-designated cancer center. The intervention was a 12-week group-based weight loss program offered to patients from the gynecologic oncology clinic with body mass indices (BMI) between 25-50 kg/m2. Sessions were free of charge, led by a psychologist and dietitian, and transitioned from in-person to tele-visits due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The program combined nutritional education, lifestyle changes, and CBT approaches, with 12 weekly group visits followed by three monthly individual follow-up visits. Each participant was given a goal weight loss of 7% total body weight (TBW). Retrospective data were collected from patients enrolled in the intervention from September 2019 through March 2021. Paired t-tests were performed to compare the pre-program and ending weights for all participants. Weight loss data were tested for normality using the Shapiro-Wilk test. Results: A total of 29 patients were enrolled in four cohorts during the study timeframe. Fifty-nine percent of participants were White, 38% were Black. The mean age among participants was 56 years, and the mean BMI was 41 kg/m2. Most participants had a history of endometrial hyperplasia or malignancy (58%) and had stage I disease (59%). Among the participants, 22 (76%) completed the program. The average weight loss among all participants during the 12-week program was 5.6 pounds (CI: -8.9- -2.1, p = 0.002), equivalent to an average 2% change in TBW. Among the 22 participants who completed the program, the average weight loss was 7.4 pounds (CI: -11.1- -3.8, p <0.001), equivalent to an average 3% change in TBW. Weight loss was sustained at the 6-month mark, with an average change in TBW of 2-3% when comparing weight at 6 months to pre-program weight. Conclusions: This CBT-based weight loss intervention was feasible and acceptable to gynecologic oncology patients. While the average weight loss fell short of the goal of 7% TBW, the 2-3% change in TBW achieved on average with this intervention was stable over six months. Additionally, retention within the intervention was high and maintained during COVID-19 with tele-visits. Given that weight loss plateaued when transitioning from weekly to monthly sessions, our findings suggest that longer, more intensive treatment may be needed to promote sustainable weight loss among gynecologic oncology patients. Collaboration between psychologists, oncology dietitians, and gynecologic oncologists, with continued support for psychologists and dieticians at cancer centers, is critical to the success of such programs. CBT is a feasible behavioral intervention to add further multidisciplinary efforts to tackle the complexity of obesity in cancer survivors. [Formula presented]

8.
Current Research in Nutrition and Food Science ; 10(2):647-656, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2030350

ABSTRACT

We examinedthe effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on university students’ dietary practices and lifestyles. In this study, the term “dietary practices” refers to people’s choice in food consumption, whereas “lifestyles” refers to their overall habits including both diet and exercise. We followed a quantitative approach through a cross sectional study and collected data from 475 university students in the UAE by means of an online survey. The results of this study indicated that a majority (67%) of the surveyed students seem to have changed their dietary practice for the better and were making healthier life choices. Additionally, it appears that students started leading more active, healthier lifestyles by incorporating exercise in their daily routine. The research concludes with initial suggestions and implications for healthcare practitioners and providing them with information regarding how younger adults in the UAE have behaved during a pandemic. Understanding the results from similar studies will help the health authorities in reshaping policies on nutrition in anticipation of any future pandemics. © 2022 The Author(s). Published by Enviro Research Publishers.

9.
World Journal of Dentistry ; 13(6):658-665, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2025054

ABSTRACT

Aim: This pilot study was conducted to assess the impact caused to dental professionals of Tamil Nadu before and during the lockdown period toward lifestyle, psychological, and financial aspects. Materials and methods: An online cross-sectional survey among the dental practitioners of Tamil Nadu was done using Google Form for 2 weeks from 1st to 3rd week of June 2020. Totally 26 questionnaire comprising about routine activities, family time, work related, psychological, and financial aspect were asked and their responses in relation to before and during the lockdown period were obtained. Snowball sampling technique was used to collect the data. The obtained results were statistically analyzed using Chi-square and McNemar tests with a significance level of 95% (p < 0.05). Results: Prolonged lockdown has resulted in a delay in wake-up time (44.7%), more indoor activities (60%), and improved bonding with family (64.4%). Financially, most of them (62%) relied on previous savings during the lockdown period and 41.3% were confident about meeting their financial needs after lockdown. Majority of them (59.4%) did not expect support from government as they were self-confident about their practice. About 66.3% used this lockdown period to develop new hobbies such as cooking, painting, yoga, and meditation. Conclusion: COVID-19 has impacted dental professionals substantially. The effects caused by COVID-19 were not confined only to their professional life but also influenced them personally and psychologically. This pilot study gives an insight about how COVID-19 has changed the lifestyle of dentists in Tamil Nadu before and during lockdown. Clinical significance: The impacts caused due to lifestyle changes of dentists in Tamil Nadu have been discussed in this pilot study. The results of this study was useful to predict and propose the lifestyle changes experienced by dentists before and during the lockdown period. Majority of the dentists were ready to continue the positive habits developed during the lockdown. Hence, it is important to publish these results to understand the psychosocial well-being of the dentists in such situations. © The Author(s).

10.
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health ; 19(16):10390, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2023675

ABSTRACT

The dietary transition from traditional to commercial foods and a decrease in physical activity (PA) have impacted the health of the First Nations people of Quebec (Canada), resulting in many suffering from multiple chronic diseases. This study had two objectives: (1) to examine eating and PA behaviors among First Nations peoples in urban areas and (2) to explore the associated health representations. To achieve these objectives, a mixed-methods approach, including a questionnaire (n = 32) and a semi-structured interview (n = 14), was used to explore the participants’ lifestyle profiles and health experiences. The questionnaire focused on the eating and PA behaviors of First Nations people and their underlying motivations. At the same time, the interviews investigated their health views on diet and PA behaviors based on the conceptual framework of health and its determinants. According to the participants, health is the autonomy to live without pain by maintaining a balance between physical and psychological aspects, eating healthy and exercising. Family and work influence participants’ PA and eating behaviors. Exploring First Nations people’s beliefs and perceptions and the motivations underlying their health behaviors could help encourage the maintenance of a healthy lifestyle despite multiple chronic health conditions.

11.
Int J Public Health ; 67:1604913, 2022.
Article in English | PubMed | ID: covidwho-2023041

ABSTRACT

Objectives: Determine the changes in clinical, pharmacological and healthcare resource use parameters, between the 6 months prior to the lockdown and the 6 months following its end, in a population with hypertension who did not have a diagnosis of COVID-19. Methods: Real world data observational study of 245,979 persons aged >16 years with hypertension in Aragon (Spain). Clinical (systolic-diastolic blood pressure, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), blood creatinine, cholesterol, triglycerides and anthropometric measures);pharmacological (diuretics, calcium channel antagonists, and ACE inhibitors);and utilization of healthcare resources were considered. We performed the Student's T-test for matched samples (quantitative) and the Chi-squared test (qualitative) to analyze differences between periods. Results: SBP, DBP, parameters of renal function and triglycerides displayed a significant, albeit clinically irrelevant, worsening in women. In men only DBP and eGFR showed a worsening, although to a lesser extent than in women. Certain antihypertensive drugs and health-resource utilization remained below pre-pandemic levels across the 6 months post-lockdown. Conclusion: Changes in lifestyles, along with difficulties in access to routine care has not substantially compromised the health and quality of life of patients with hypertension.

12.
PLoS Global Public Health ; 2(7), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2021496

ABSTRACT

Individuals with non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are potentially at increased vulnerability during the Covid-19 pandemic and require additional help to reduce risk. Self-management is one effective strategy and this study investigated the effect of sociodemographic and health factors on the self-management of some non-communicable diseases, namely hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus and dyslipidemia, among Chilean adults during the Covid-19 pandemic. A cross-sectional telephone survey was carried out on 910 participants with NCDs, from Santiago, Chile. An adapted and validated version of the "Partners in Health" scale was used to measure self-management. Exploratory Factor analysis yielded five dimensions of this scale: Disease Knowledge, Healthcare Team Relationship, General Self-Management and Daily Routines, Drug Access and Intake, and Monitoring and Decision-Making. The average of these dimensions was calculated to create a new variable Self-Management Mean, which was used as a dependent variable together with the five separate dimensions. Independent variables included age, gender, years of schooling, number of diseases, the percentage of Multidimensional Poverty Index in the commune of residence, and self-rated health status. Beta regressions and ANOVA for the Beta regression residuals were utilized for analyses. Beta regression model explained 8.1% of the variance in Self-Management Mean. Age, years of schooling, number of diseases and self-rated health status were statistically associated with Self-Management Mean and dimensions related to daily routines and health decision making, such as Disease Knowledge, General Self-Management and Daily Routines, and Monitoring and Decision-Making. Gender and the percentage of Multidimensional Poverty Index in the commune of residence were insignificant. Strategies for self-management of NCDs during a crisis should consider age, years of schooling, number of diseases, and self-rated health status in their design.

13.
BMC Public Health ; 22(1):1718, 2022.
Article in English | PubMed | ID: covidwho-2021262

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Time-restricted eating (TRE) has been suggested as a feasible dietary strategy in individuals with overweight. Disruptions in daily life e.g., severe illness can affect engagement in lifestyle interventions to obtain healthier body weight. This study examined if and how the engagement with TRE among people with overweight was affected by the Danish COVID-19 lockdowns as an example of disruptions in daily life. METHODS: Fifteen participants with overweight enrolled in a TRE intervention, i.e. restricting all eating and drinking except water to the same daily ten-hour window, were interviewed about their experiences and engagement with TRE during COVID-19 lockdowns. Interviews were semi-structured and conducted by phone or face-to-face with safe social distancing. Data analysis was grounded in a reflexive thematic analysis approach. RESULTS: Daily life rhythms were disrupted by lockdowns by preventing participants from performing ordinary daily activities such as going to work, socialising, eating out or exercising. For some, this challenged their TRE engagement, while most were able to undertake the TRE eating window but reported increased snacking and consumption of take-away food within their eating window. For all, exercise habits became unhealthier. The negative impact on TRE engagement primarily occurred during daytime, as social distancing made it easier to engage with TRE during evenings. CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that even people highly motivated to obtain healthier lifestyles practices struggled to maintain engagement with healthy behaviours, whereas sticking to the TRE window was manageable during COVID-19. TRE as a weight loss strategy was challenged which calls for more attention to supporting people in daily life to obtain healthier practices, also in case of periods of other disruptions such as divorce, serious illness etc.

14.
Digital Health ; 8, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2021079

ABSTRACT

Background We discuss the feasibility of a brief, online mental health promotion programme for tertiary students and establish recommendations for future programmes. Methods The programme 'Student Elevenses' was delivered at a tertiary education institution. 'Student Elevenses' aimed to promote student wellbeing during the coronavirus disease 2019 crisis, comprised of 10-15-min daily online micro-interventions targeting six lifestyle areas for wellbeing, and was delivered via video conference. Upon programme completion, all students were invited to complete barriers to engagement survey, irrespective of whether they had attended or heard of the programme. Descriptive statistics were calculated for demographics, as well as feasibility and acceptability outcomes including recruitment rates, attendance rates and reported barriers to attendance. Open-ended questions were coded for themes. Results Less than 1% of those who consented to participate actually attended the programme, with attendance ranging from 2 to 17 participants. Participants were predominantly female (68%), domestic students (81%) and had a mean age of 29.5 years. The barriers students reported included fixed time, online format, a belief programme would not be helpful, preference for existing supports and perceived impacts of coronavirus disease 2019. Students recommended embedding support within policies/teaching, offering a range of supports and involving students in design. Conclusion Barriers to mental health promotion via telehealth should be considered to promote accessibility and acceptability for tertiary students. Future programmes should consider reaching students through mandatory activities (e.g. lectures, tutorials) and should include student consultation and co-design to support the development of programmes that meet student needs and preferences.

15.
Geography Compass ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2019263

ABSTRACT

The practice of teleworking has been growing steadily in recent years with the development of ICT and the flexibilisation of work. The Covid-19 pandemic and its stay-at-home restrictions have further accelerated this trend. As teleworking reduces the frequency of commuting, it also reduces CO2 emissions and may be seen as a tool to regulate mobility. However, and especially since working from home enables more flexible working, teleworking may have various ‘rebound‘ effects on daily and residential mobility practices. Rebound effects include possible increases in the frequency or distance of journeys, such as an increase in non-work-related travel on teleworking days, as well as effects such as residential relocation or multilocal dwelling. In this article we intend to introduce and categorize the existing literature on the potential rebound effects of teleworking on residential and daily mobility. By critically assessing the literature we have identified the major lessons, while also noticing the limits of the research and a scarcity of qualitative approaches to understand how and why people who telework reinvest their non-commuting time in other forms of mobility. Also missing in the literature is the longitudinal aspect, that is, the consideration of long-term changes. These gaps have led us to formulate our proposition of a research agenda, where the lifestyle and life course approaches have emerged as crucial tools to understanding the motivations for teleworking and the respective rebound effects on residential and daily mobility. © 2022 The Authors. Geography Compass published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

16.
Journal of the Formosan Medical Association ; 121(9):1617-1621, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2015654
17.
Asian Ethnology ; 81(1-2):107-124, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2011759

ABSTRACT

The ongoing Covid-19 pandemic at the time of writing this article (November 2020), the 2008 Lehman Shock, and governmental revitalization policies introduced by the Abe government have resulted in a rise in urban lifestyle migrants who relocate to rural areas across Japan for noneconomic reasons. This ethnographic article focuses on individuals in Tokushima and Shimane Prefectures. Critically questioning conventional notions of work and lifestyle, these individuals struggle to implement their ideal lifestyles in their rural environments that are often characterized by deeply ingrained local societal norms and values. Drawing on longitudinal fieldwork since 2016, I will examine three cases of lifestyle migrants who have chosen to pursue radically different careers. While they make great efforts to blend into the community that they have relocated to, they also refer to transnational features in their pursuit of experimental lifestyles. This multi-sited ethnography aims to explore the “power of the between” by Paul Stoller (2009) and the “potential of the liminal” coined by Vincent Crapanzano (2004) as my interlocutors courageously carve out original careers that are catered to their own needs, but also engage with the local community. © 2022, Nanzan University. All rights reserved.

18.
Health Education and Health Promotion ; 10(2):239-246, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2010870

ABSTRACT

Aims Since 2019, COVID-19 has become a public health emergency and a global threat. Although adolescents are a vulnerable group, they have not received much attention. Accordingly, the present study aimed to explain adolescents’ experiences of the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on lifestyle behaviors. Participant & Methods This study was conducted as a qualitative study with a qualitative content analysis approach at Zanjan University of Medical Sciences in 1400. Purposeful sampling consisted of 21 adolescents of both sexes. The data collection method was semi-structured and in-depth interviews. Findings A total of 112 initial codes were obtained, which after merging similar codes finally extracted 89 semantic units in 12 subcategories and 3 main categories including Physical consequences, Psychological consequences, and Cognitive-emotional consequences from the perspective of adolescents. Conclusion Considering the formation of lifestyle behaviors in adolescence and the positive and negative effects of coronary heart disease on various aspects of adolescent lifestyle, it seems that governments should pay special attention to this age group that is the future makers of countries and steps Valuable for this age group to flourish. © 2022, the Authors ;Publishing Rights, ASPI.

19.
Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology ; 15(7):3125-3136, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2010622

ABSTRACT

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic forcing the students to stay at home to curb the spread of the coronavirus, which inevitably affects their mental and physical health. Thus, the evaluation of mental health (MH), physical activity (PA) and Sedentary Behaviour (SB) of Health Science students during COVID-19 is a need. Objective: To evaluate the physical activity level, mental health and sedentary behaviour of Health Science students in UTAR during COVID-19 and find the correlation among them. Method: 258 health science students were participated in this study via social media, like Facebook and WhatsApp, The Depression, anxiety, stress scale-21 (DASS-21) was used to assess mental health and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) was used to assess physical activity levels and sedentary behaviour. Result: There were 34.89%, 55.04% and 25.58% of Health Science students were suffering moderate to extremely severe level of depression, anxiety and stress, respectively. Females had a higher prevalence in anxiety (F:55.49%, M: 53.95%) and stress (F:26.37%, M:23.69%), while depression more prevalent in males (M:42.81%, F: 31.87%). The Chinese Medicine students had the poorest mental health and this followed by Physiotherapy, M.B.B.S and Nursing students. Besides, the prevalence of physical inactivity was 48.99%, which a higher prevalence in females (51.43%) than males (43.10%). Besides, 39.53% of Chinese Medicine Students, 62% of M.B.B.S students, 55.56% of Nursing students and 44.83% of Physiotherapy students were categorized as physical inactivity. The prevalence of sedentary behaviour was 48.10% in Health Science students. Besides, no significant correlation found between physical activity and mental health, and sedentary behaviour and mental health. A weak negative correlation was found between physical activity and sedentary behaviour. Conclusion: The prevalence of Depression, Anxiety, Stress, Physical Inactivity and Sedentary Behaviour during the pandemic was very alarming. From government to institution, adequate and regular surveillance, policy monitoring and further research should be taken.

20.
Journal of Behavioral Addictions ; 11:241, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2009748

ABSTRACT

Background: There are over 2 billion social networking sites users worldwide and the amount of the users are rising rapidly. (Baumgartner et al., 2017;Hussain & Starcevic, 2020.) In Finland young adults are using SNS the most and are thus potentially more exposed to its effects (Baumgartner et al., 2017). For some people a pattern of problematic social networking sites (PSNS) use can be developed (Hussain & Starcevic, 2020). More knowledge is needed about how PSNS use is associated to young adult's well-being in psychosocial level and is there some background factors which are associated to PSNS use. Identifying those associations was the aim of the current study. Method: A cross-sectional study design was used. Data were collected with a national web-based survey from Finnish young adults (18-35 years old) (n=383) during autumn 2020. The questionnaire consisted of three areas: 1) background factors (e.g. gender, age, education), lifestyles, loneliness, quality of life;2) use of digital technologies and SNS (e.g. frequency and volume of use of digital devices, problematic SNS, use of SNS during the COVID-19 pandemic);3) psychosocial well-being (e.g. depression, social pressure). Results: The results will be announced in the conference. Conclusions: Conclusions will be announced in the conference. This research provides new information about PSNS use and its effects to young adults' psychosocial well-being. The results can be used in student and occupational health care and the results will help to identify factors which would cause PSNS use and the resulting disadvantages.

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