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1.
Agricultural Sciences ; 13(02):105-116, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1818486

ABSTRACT

The aim of the study is to assess the factors that influence the sustainability of agricultural development. The study was carried out in the municipality of Bobonaro for about four months, from July to October 2021. Slovin's method was used to determine the sample size, with a desired percentage of 10% of the total population. Thus, 154 producers were interviewed as respondents and key persons in the area of agriculture. The variables interviewed are the main factors of agricultural productivity and the factors that affect sustainable agricultural development. The results of the descriptive statistical analysis of the data showed that about 94.87% of the respondents' productive area is in operation, with an average of 1.84 ha per respondent and the abandoned area around 0.11 ha per respondent. The average value of rice production is 2.38 ton per ha and corn 1.07 ton per ha. About 87% of producers raised the main types of animals such as cattle, pigs, goats with an average density of 2 to 5 animals per establishment. About 61% of producers have access to the market at a normal price for agricultural products. The factors that hinder less successful agricultural development, such as: those of nature with the greatest impact are climate changes, which influence changes in cultivation sessions and in the characteristics of productive soils, availability of water for irrigation and animal feed. On the socioeconomic side, it includes the willingness or interest of young people who want to work as farmers, less investment and the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic. It is concluded that natural and socioeconomic impacts can reduce agricultural productivity, so that this will be a major challenge for the development of the agricultural sector in the future.

2.
Les Cahiers du CREAD ; 37(4):83-100, 2021.
Article in French | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1756188

ABSTRACT

Sheep farming has always been the profession and source of income for pastoralists. It appears in this analysis that the Covid 19 crisis has had a major impact on the sheep market when we take into account the closure of livestock markets. Also, actions in terms of state policy and the organization of producers are more than necessary in order to ensure the upgrading of the sector in crisis situations. Our field work, and through telephone interviews, showed that the operators of the sheep sector in the Tiaret region are developing new forms of organization to protect themselves against the risk of their herd slipping in the face of the crisis. of Covid 19. These new forms are based on the constitution of social networks and the realization of informal contracts. The main goal is revenue maximization and risk management. The mobilization of agency theory and transaction cost theory has shown that contractual relationships are decisive in the sheep sales strategy in the Tiaret region.

3.
Journal of Research ANGRAU ; 49(3):81-91, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1602099

ABSTRACT

The aim of the study conducted during the year 2020 was to identify the barriers faced by the agri-entrepreneurs of Kottayam district in the state of Kerala during the COVID-19 pandemic. Agrientrepreneurs who were running enterprises in various agri-allied sectors such as value addition, fisheries, animal husbandry, and other enterprises such as mushroom, floriculture, and apiculture in the district were selected as sample. Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) was used to determine the significance and impact of barriers on entrepreneurial activity. The results revealed a reversal of barriers normally faced by the entrepreneur. Barriers that were psychological in nature like gender role conflict and uncertainty had come to the fore replacing more enterprise-related like labour, finance and raw materials and social barriers like family and background.

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