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1.
Infectious Diseases: News, Opinions, Training ; 11(3):69-80, 2022.
Article in Russian | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2206008

ABSTRACT

Aim. To determine the clinical efficacy and safety of the immobilized (sorbed) probiotics Bifidobacterium bifidum 1 (5×108 CFU) and B. bifidum 1 (5×107 CFU) in combination with Lactobacillus plantarum 8P-А3 (5×107 CFU) in the complex therapy of pneumonia caused by SARS-CoV-2 in adult patients without severe risk factors and their impact on health-related quality of life (QoL). Material and methods. An open, randomized prospective study included 100 patients (45 males, 55 females), aged from18 to 60 years without risk factors for severe COVID-19, with pneumonia confirmed by computed tomography and an area of lung lesion no more than 75% (moderate forms). SARS-CoV-2 RNA in nasal and oropharyngeal swabs (RT-PCR) was detected in 72% of the participants, in the rest it was highiy probable in terms of the aggregate parameters. The publication presents the results of self-assessment (94 respondents) of working capacity limitations, shortness of breath, intestinal disorders since the end of the probiotic regimen (PR: hospitalization period – B. bifidum 1, 3 capsules 2 times a day for 10 days, then after hospitalization – B. bifidum 1 in combination with L. plantarum 8P-А3 2 powders 3 times a day for 14 days) and QoL (Short Form Medical Outcomes Study: SF-36) 1 month after hospitalization. Results. At the end of PR, the ability to engage in daily activities was higher by 23.1% [95% confidence interval 5.3–37.3, OR 0.08 (0.08–0.77)]. Difficulty of breathing during exercise was less common by 29.7% [15.1–44.5%], OR 0.09 [0.02–0.40], hard stools and no bowel movements were recorded less often by 21.3% [8.5–34, 1] for 1–3 days. One month after hospitalization, the QoL of the patients receiving standard treatment was significantly reduced relative to population indicators in Russia. It was more significantly due to the psychological component of health [total measurement 38.1 (36.2–40.0)] and less significantly due to the physical component [49.5 (48.3–50.8)]. The main reasons limiting daily activities [Role Emotional (RE): 39.4 (37.4–41.4)] were decreased vitality [VT: 40.2 (38.9–041.5)], emotional depression [Mental Health (MH): 41.2 (39.4–43.0)], deficit of social contacts [Social Functioning (SF): 45.1 (43.7–46.6)]. The patients who received PR had a higher ability to carry out daily activities [RE: 57.7 (55.6–59.7)], the severity of psychological problems associated with fatigue, anxiety and depression was lower [MH: 59.8 (58.7–60.9), р<0,001]. The effect of the PR on negative perceptions of social isolation was comparatively less [SF: 53.9 (52.2–55.4)]. The QoL of the patients who additionally suffered from diarrhea in the acute period of SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia was worse in comparison with the patients without diarrhea (due to pain and inability to endure physical activity). The effects of immobilized (sorbed) probiotics to the QoL of the patients with diarrhea during the acute period of COVID-19 were most significant. Conclusion. PR had a significant positive effect on the QoL within a month after hospitalization, increasing working capacity and improving mental health, reducing the severity of psychological problems and fatigue. Additional researches are needed on the possible relationship of organic and functional gastrointestinal diseases with the progression of diarrhea in patients infected with SARS-CoV-2. No side effects of the sorbed probiotics regimen have been identified. © Eco-Vector, 2022.

2.
Psychiatria Danubina ; 34(Supplement 8):90-95, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2126032

ABSTRACT

The current world scenario of apprehension and suffering for the physical and economic health of people, has generated a situation of anxiety accompanied by an emotional overload of stress, often difficult to manage. The emerging Long-Covid syndrome has placed the emphasis on the persistence of clinical factors in some individuals, beyond the time which is normally considered acceptable for healing. This article aims to provide a contribution in the research of the possible causes related to the onset of Long-Covid syndrome, as well as in the understanding of the peculiar type of link between the various psycho-physical aspects and the health condition, while focusing attention on new ways of coping and treatment. Copyright © Medicinska naklada - Zagreb, Croatia.

3.
Front Public Health ; 10: 970378, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2142326

ABSTRACT

Background: Female long haulers deal with persistent post-acute COVID-19 symptoms that have serious health implications. This study aimed to identify resilience resources at multiple socio-ecological levels for female long haulers and describe how resilience resources affect their responses to long COVID. Methods: Purposive sampling was adopted to recruit participants through social media from April to June 2021 followed by 15 semi-structured interviews. An inductive analytical approach was adopted to categorize themes by open and axial coding that were verified by peer review. Results: Female long haulers relied on resources at various socio-ecological levels to foster their resilience in response to long COVID. At the individual level, they utilized cognitive and emotional resources to increase knowledge, learn new skills, set goals, and manage emotions; behavioral resources (e.g., internal motivation and executive functioning) to perform physical, creative, and recreational activities, and adopt healthier eating habits; and spiritual resources to perform spiritual rituals and connect with God. At the social level, the support from existing relationships and/or online social support groups enhanced their social identity and provided material and informational resources. At the health systems level, the guidance from counselors and physicians and availability of clinics, medicines, and health equipment assisted them in symptom management and medication adherence. Conclusion: The resilience of female long haulers can be enhanced through (1) offering financial and health-related resources, (2) developing online social-support groups, (3) counseling and care service training for healthcare professionals, and (4) implementing more psychosocial interventions by labor organizations.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Humans , Female , Adaptation, Psychological , Qualitative Research , Social Support
4.
JMIR Res Protoc ; 11(10): e38718, 2022 Oct 26.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2089635

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: With population-wide vaccination availability, the global COVID-19 pandemic entered a new phase. Despite vaccination status, some people who were infected with SARS-CoV-2 experience long-term symptoms. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aim to characterize the long-term effects of SARS-CoV-2 infection and the pandemic. We also aim to build symptom clusters and determine risk factors for developing long COVID symptoms. Furthermore, we assess social participation and health-related quality of life in patients with long COVID and in the general population during a global pandemic. METHODS: With a mixed-methods, web-based approach, we aim to recruit 2000 people in Germany who are older than 18 years and can provide informed consent. In the quantitative arm of the study, we identify symptoms of and predictive factors for long COVID manifestations with cluster analysis and assess social participation during the pandemic with standardized questionnaires. The qualitative arm of the study uses individual interviews and focus group discussions to better understand the illness experience of persons who experience long COVID. RESULTS: Recruitment started in September 2021. Up until July 2022, we recruited approximately 4500 participants via our web-based database. CONCLUSIONS: This study aims to build an innovative, patient-centered, web-based research platform appropriate for the pandemic by minimizing physical contact between study personnel and participants. All study activities are designed to better understand the long COVID syndrome, social participation during the pandemic, and the illness experiences of persons affected by long COVID. TRIAL REGISTRATION: German Clinical Trial Registry DRKS00026007; https://tinyurl.com/yh282fkt. INTERNATIONAL REGISTERED REPORT IDENTIFIER (IRRID): DERR1-10.2196/38718.

5.
World J Methodol ; 12(4): 235-245, 2022 Jul 20.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2056137

ABSTRACT

We have been experiencing multiple waves of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. With these unprecedented waves, we have entered into an era of 'new normal'. This pandemic has enforced us to rethink the very basics of childhood learning: Habits, health etiquette, and hygiene. Rehabilitation has immense importance during this pandemic considering a few aspects. Multidisciplinary COVID-19 rehabilitation clinics are essential to address the demand. The equitable distribution of COVID-19 rehabilitation services for differently-abled individuals during the pandemic is an important aspect. Rehabilitation needs identification and further studies on various rehabilitation interventions are among the key unmet future research needs.

6.
J Clin Med ; 11(19)2022 Sep 21.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2043808

ABSTRACT

Epidemiological data and etiopathogenesis of brain fog are very heterogeneous in the literature, preventing adequate diagnosis and treatment. Our study aimed to explore the relationship between brain fog, neuropsychiatric and cognitive symptoms in the general population. A sample of 441 subjects underwent a web-based survey, including the PANAS, the DASS-21, the IES-R, the Beck Cognitive Insight Scale, and a questionnaire investigating demographic information, brain fog, subjective cognitive impairments (Scc) and sleep disorders. ANOVA, ANCOVA, correlation and multiple stepwise regression analyses were performed. In our sample, 33% of participants were defined as Healthy Subjects (HS; no brain fog, no Scc), 27% as Probable Brain Fog (PBF; brain fog or Scc), and 40% as Functional Brain Fog (FBF; brain fog plus Scc). PBF and FBF showed higher levels of neuropsychiatric symptoms than HS, and FBF showed the worst psychological outcome. Moreover, worse cognitive symptoms were related to the female gender, greater neuropsychiatric symptoms, sleep disorders, and rumination/indecision. Being a woman and more severe neuropsychiatric symptoms were predictors of FBF severity. Our data pointed out a high prevalence and various levels of severity and impairments of brain fog, suggesting a classificatory proposal and a multifaceted etiopathogenic model, thus facilitating adequate diagnostic and therapeutic approaches.

7.
Undersea Hyperb Med ; 49(3): 333-339, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1999688

ABSTRACT

Background: SARs-Cov-2 infections can produce prolonged illness and significant disability. Patients recovering from COVID-19 can have persistent symptoms leading to long-term morbidity. Methods: Six patients with long-lasting (> 30 days) COVID-19 symptoms were treated with hyperbaric oxygen (HBO2) therapy. All patients were assessed for symptoms using the ImPACT questionnaire, a muscle and joint pain scale, and a modified Borg dyspnea scale. Patients were assessed before, during and after HBO2 treatments. Results: All patients saw improvements in the measured symptoms to levels that were the same as pre-infection levels (five of six patients) or had significant improvement in symptoms (one patient). Conclusion: The results suggest that HBO2 helped to improve symptom scores, reduce the length of time of symptoms, and improved the quality of life. More detailed and randomized studies are needed to confirm the results in this report.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Hyperbaric Oxygenation , COVID-19/therapy , Humans , Quality of Life
8.
Glob Health Promot ; : 17579759221113276, 2022 Aug 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1993298

ABSTRACT

Since the pandemic began in December 2019, SARS-Cov2 has accentuated the wide gap and disparities in socioeconomic and healthcare access at individual, community, country, and regional levels. More than two years into the current pandemic, up to three-fourths of the patients are reporting continued signs and symptoms beyond the acute phase of COVID-19, and Long COVID portends to be a major challenge in the future ahead. With a comprehensive overview of the literature, we found that most studies concerning long COVID came from high and upper-middle income countries, and people of low-income and lower-and-middle income regions and vulnerable groups with comorbid conditions have been neglected. Apart from the level of income, there is a significant geographical heterogeneity in investigating the Post-Acute Sequelae of COVID-19 (PASC) or what we call now, long COVID. We believe that these recognizing health disparities is crucial from equity perspective and is the first step toward global health promotion.

9.
Proteomics Clin Appl ; 16(5): e2200031, 2022 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1976772

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: While the majority of COVID-19 patients fully recover from the infection and become asymptomatic, a significant proportion of COVID-19 survivors experience a broad spectrum of symptoms lasting weeks to months post-infection, a phenomenon termed "post-acute sequelae of COVID-19 (PASC)." The aim of this study is to determine whether inflammatory proteins are dysregulated and can serve as potential biomarkers for systemic inflammation in COVID-19 survivors. METHODS: We determined the levels of inflammatory proteins in plasma from 22 coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) long haulers (COV-LH), 22 COVID-19 asymptomatic survivors (COV-AS), and 22 healthy subjects (HS) using an Olink proteomics assay and assessed the results by a beads-based multiplex immunoassay. RESULTS: Compared to HS, we found that COVID-19 survivors still exhibited systemic inflammation, as evidenced by significant changes in the levels of multiple inflammatory proteins in plasma from both COV-LH and COV-AS. CXCL10 was the only protein that significantly upregulated in COV-LH compared with COV-AS and HS. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that several inflammatory proteins remain aberrantly dysregulated in COVID-19 survivors and CXCL10 might serve as a potential biomarker to typify COV-LH. Further characterization of these signature inflammatory molecules might improve the understanding of the long-term impacts of COVID-19 and provide new targets for the diagnosis and treatment of COVID-19 survivors with PASC.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Biomarkers , COVID-19/complications , Humans , Inflammation , SARS-CoV-2 , Survivors
10.
Journal of Health and Allied Sciences NU ; 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1967695

ABSTRACT

Background Following a massive outbreak of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, a significant number of survivors are still suffering from residual symptoms and complications. We designed a preliminary study to evaluate such symptom spectra in COVID-19 patients who had been discharged from the hospital. Methods A telephone interview was conducted with 100-randomly chosen hospital-discharged COVID-19 survivors from the electronic patient record. The interview structure and method were developed by a panel of experts. A specially trained group conducted the interviews and data collection. The statistical analysis was performed in accordance with the data type (continuous and categorical). Group comparisons were also done between intensive care unit (ICU) versus general ward admission, and patients discharged between 3 and 12 weeks versus more than 12 weeks. Additionally, world clouds were used for better visualization of various prevalent symptoms. Results Eighty-two participants were finally included for interview after preliminary screening. Fifty-three patients (64.6%) were male participants;74.4% had at least one symptom. In general, fatigue, cough, insomnia, and shortness of breath were the most common persistent symptoms. Symptoms were more prevalent among the patients discharged from ICU compared with those discharged from the general ward. Cough, loss of appetite, depression, and incoherence were more common in patients after 12 weeks of hospital discharge. Conclusion There is a wide range of persistent symptoms in the COVID-19 survivors who have been discharged from the hospital. Some symptoms arise or persisted even after 12 weeks. Based on the study results, available literature, and expert consensus, an assessment form has been developed that could be used for further research and clinical assessment of similar problems. Large-scale epidemiological study (longitudinal and cross-sectional) is needed to understand the nature and prevalence of the postacute phase of COVID-19 at the country level. The results of this study could inform the stakeholders and policymakers for taking necessary steps toward a further decision.

11.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(15)2022 07 26.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1957330

ABSTRACT

Persistent COVID-19 symptoms (long COVID) may bring challenges to long haulers' social lives. Females may endure more profound impacts given their special social roles and existing structural inequality. This study explores the effects of long COVID on the social life of female long haulers. We conducted semi-structured interviews via Zoom between April and June 2021 with 15 female long haulers in the United States, purposely recruited from Facebook and Slack groups and organization websites related to long COVID. Interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim with consent. The interview data were managed using MAXQDA and examined by thematic analysis. Long COVID negatively affected female long haulers' social lives by causing physical limitations, economic issues, altered social relationships, social roles' conflicts, and social stigma. Long COVID prevented female long haulers' recovery process. Physical limitations altered their perceptions on body, and family-work conflicts caused tremendous stress. They also experienced internalized stigma and job insecurities. This study provides insights into challenges that COVID-19 female long haulers could face in their return to normal social life, underscoring the vulnerability of females affected by long COVID due to significant alterations in their social lives. Shifting to new methods of communication, especially social media, diminished the adverse effects of long COVID (e.g., social isolation).


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , COVID-19/complications , Female , Humans , Qualitative Research , Social Stigma
12.
J Neurol ; 269(11): 5702-5709, 2022 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1930408

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Headache is one of the most frequently reported symptoms in post-COVID patients. The clinical phenotype of COVID-19 headache combines phenotypic features of both tension-type headache (TTH) and migraine. We aimed to assess the effectiveness, side effects and predictors of amitriptyline (AMT) response in a real-world study setting. METHODS: We performed an observational multicentric study with a retrospective cohort. All consecutive patients with confirmed COVID-19 infection who received AMT for post-COVID headache from March 2020 to May 2021 were included. Response was evaluated by the reduction in the number of headache days per month (HDM) between weeks 8 and 12, compared with the baseline. We explored which variables were associated with a higher probability of response to AMT. RESULTS: Forty-eight patients were eligible for the study, 40/48 (83.3%) females, aged 46.85 (SD: 13.59) years. Patients had history of migraine 15/48 (31.3%) or TTH 5/48 (10.4%). The mean reduction of HDM was 9.6 (SD: 10.9; 95% CI 6.5, 12.7) days. Only 2/48 (5%) of patients discontinued AMT due to poor tolerability. History of TTH (10.9, 95% CI 1.3, 20.6) and nausea (- 8.5, 95% CI - 14.6, - 2.5) were associated with AMT response. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides real-world evidence of the potential benefit of AMT in patients with post-COVID-19 headache, especially in patients with history of TTH and without concomitant nausea.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Migraine Disorders , Tension-Type Headache , Amitriptyline/adverse effects , COVID-19/complications , Female , Headache/drug therapy , Humans , Male , Migraine Disorders/diagnosis , Migraine Disorders/drug therapy , Migraine Disorders/epidemiology , Nausea , Retrospective Studies , Tension-Type Headache/diagnosis , Tension-Type Headache/drug therapy , Tension-Type Headache/epidemiology
13.
Med Acupunct ; 34(3): 159-166, 2022 Jun 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1915505

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish an evidence-based role for acupuncture as a safe and effective treatment for managing Long COVID in the integrative medical setting. Background: COVID-19 progresses to a chronic state, termed Long COVID, in about 30% of cases with estimates as high as 40% for prolonged illness. Symptoms are diverse and range over several body systems, including unrelenting fatigue, persistent malaise, chronic pain, and mood changes. Early clinical reports suggest acupuncture can effectively address both symptoms and the underlying causes of Long COVID. Evidence: Historically, acupuncture is well defined in Traditional Chinese Medicine writings to treat influenza-like febrile illnesses. Contemporary scientific literature and case studies support the value of acupuncture for symptoms associated with acute and chronic respiratory viral infections, such as influenza, including SARS and COVID-19. Recent reports provide early evidence of acupuncture's effectiveness in managing Long COVID symptoms and may also have disease-modifying benefits. Conclusion: Acupuncture is a viable adjunctive health care modality as part of a multidisciplinary approach for symptom control and disease management to improve quality of life in Long COVID patients. Since acupuncture may favorably modify the length and outcome of this condition, the model of acupuncture presented in this article warrants broader use in the integrative clinical setting and for further research.

14.
15.
ACS Chem Neurosci ; 13(8): 1105-1107, 2022 04 20.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1860281

ABSTRACT

With emerging reports of the deleterious effects of SARS-CoV-2 reflecting as neurological deficits in COVID-19, the biochemical and morphological changes it casts on the brain are also being investigated. This is an important niche of research as it is expected to predict and relate the neurological clinical features in the acute phase and chronic syndromic forms of COVID-19. Here debated are the biochemical and structural changes that can be related to the neurological manifestations in COVID-19.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Nervous System Diseases , Brain/diagnostic imaging , Humans , SARS-CoV-2
16.
Acta Neuropsychiatr ; 34(6): 318-329, 2022 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1839468

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Long haulers have been recently reported after contracting coronavirus disease (COVID-19). In the present study, we aimed to screen for the neuropsychiatric signs detected <1 to >6 months after infection by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and to determine whether vaccination has an effect on them. METHODS: An online survey was conducted among participants who had been diagnosed with laboratory-confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection. The clinical signs and durations of neuropsychiatric complaints and their correlations to sex, age, severity of COVID-19 signs, and vaccination status were screened. RESULTS: A total of 2218 individuals, including 1358 females and 860 males, with an age range of 12-70 years, submitted their responses. The respondents experienced cognitive dysfunction, mood alteration, depression, tinnitus, sleep disorders, and loss of taste and smell, with prevalence rates ranging from 18.9% (tinnitus) to 63.9% (loss of taste and smell). Of the respondents, 2.2-7.7% confirmed the persistence of symptoms for >6 months. Tinnitus was the least common complaint, and only 2.2% of the study participants had tinnitus for >6 months. Meanwhile, mood alteration persisted for >6 months in 7.6% of the study participants. More respondents who received two doses of BNT162b2 vaccine showed persistent symptoms than those in the other groups. Disease severity and female sex were identified as potential determinants of the development and persistency of such symptoms. CONCLUSION: Post-COVID neuropsychiatric symptoms were present in considerable percentages of the study participants with SARS-CoV-2 infection, persisting for >6 months in up to 7.6% of the participants.


Subject(s)
Ageusia , COVID-19 , Tinnitus , Male , Female , Humans , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , COVID-19/epidemiology , SARS-CoV-2 , BNT162 Vaccine
17.
Front Pediatr ; 10: 834875, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1834503

ABSTRACT

Background: Emerging evidence shows that both adults and children may develop post-acute sequelae of SARS-CoV-2 infection (PASC). The aim of this study is to characterise and compare long-term post-SARS-CoV-2 infection outcomes in adults and children in a defined region in Italy. Methods: A prospective cohort study including children (≤18 years old) with PCR-confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection and their household members. Participants were assessed via telephone and face-to-face visits up to 12 months post-SARS-CoV-2 diagnosis of household index case, using the ISARIC COVID-19 follow-up survey. Results: Of 507 participants from 201 households, 56.4% (286/507) were children, 43.6% (221/507) adults. SARS-CoV-2 positivity was 87% (249/286) in children, and 78% (172/221) in adults. The mean age of PCR positive children was 10.4 (SD = 4.5) and of PCR positive adults was 44.5 years (SD = 9.5), similar to the PCR negative control groups [children 10.5 years (SD = 3.24), adults 42.3 years (SD = 9.06)]. Median follow-up post-SARS-CoV-2 diagnosis was 77 days (IQR 47-169). A significantly higher proportion of adults compared to children reported at least one persistent symptom (67%, 68/101 vs. 32%, 57/179, p < 0.001) at the first follow up. Adults had more frequently coexistence of several symptom categories at both follow-up time-points. Female gender was identified as a risk factor for PASC in adults (p 0.02 at 1-3 months and p 0.01 at 6-9 months follow up), but not in children. We found no significant correlation between adults and children symptoms. In the paediatric group, there was a significant difference in persisting symptoms between those with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection compared to controls at 1-3 months follow up, but not at 6-9 months. Conversely, positive adults had a higher frequency of persisting symptoms at both follow-up assessments. Conclusion: Our data highlights that children can experience persistent multisystemic symptoms months after diagnosis of mild acute SARS-CoV-2 infection, although less frequently and less severely than co-habitant adults. There was no correlation between symptoms experienced by adults and children living in the same household. Our data highlights an urgent need for studies to characterise PASC in whole populations and the wider impact on families.

18.
SN Compr Clin Med ; 4(1): 91, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1783053

ABSTRACT

In the acute phase of SARS-CoV-2 infection, varying degrees of clinical manifestations have been noticed in patients. Some patients who recovered from the infection developed long-term effects which have become of interest to the scientific and medical communities, as it relates to pathogenesis and the multidisciplinary approach to treatment. Long COVID (long-term or long-haul) is the collective term used to define recovered individuals of SARS-CoV-2 infection who have presented with persistent COVID symptoms, as well as the emergence of disorders and complications. Following the review of literature from major scientific databases, this paper investigated long COVID and the resulting post-sequela effects on survivors, regardless of initial disease severity. The clinical manifestations and multisystem complications of the disease specifically, cardiovascular, neurologic and psychologic, hematologic, pulmonary, dermatologic, and other ailments were discussed. Patients with chronic COVID-19 were found to experience heart thrombosis leading to myocardial infarction, inflammation, lung fibrosis, stroke, venous thromboembolism, arterial thromboembolism, "brain fog", general mood dysfunctions, dermatological issues, and fatigue. As the disease continues to progress and spread, and with the emergence of new variants the management of these persisting symptoms will pose a challenge for healthcare providers and medical systems in the next period of the pandemic. However, more information is needed about long COVID, particularly concerning certain patient populations, variability in follow-up times, the prevalence of comorbidities, and the evolution of the spread of infection. Thus, continued research needs to be conducted concerning the disease pathology to develop preventative measures and management strategies to treat long COVID.

19.
Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice ; 30(3):4, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1778971

ABSTRACT

Background Coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19) presents as a mild infection in up to 84% of cases out of which 10% progress to more severe disease requiring hospitalization and 33% to 69% progress to long haulers. The real-world data on the use of anti-severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 spike neutralizing monoclonal antibodies, namely casirivimab and imdevimab, as well as bamlanivimab for mild Covid-19 is limited. Methods We conducted a retrospective cohort study on patients who received casirivimab and imdevimab or bamlanivimab for the treatment of mild Covid-19. Results Three hundred forty patients were included in the study with the mean age of the cohort 54.7 +/- 17.5 years, and 36.5% of them were men. Thirty-day outcomes revealed that 300 (88.2%) patients were followed up to 30 days, out of which 243 patients (71.5%) were asymptomatic at 30 days, 57 patients (16.7%) had symptoms at 30 days out of which 9 patients (2.6%) had an ED visit or were admitted because of the worsening of Covid-19 in 30 days and 3 patients (0.9%) died. Conclusions Our study suggests that early infusion with monoclonal antibodies may decrease the development of long haulers. Further studies with randomized-controlled trials are needed to understand more about monoclonal antibodies in the prevention of long-term sequelae especially in the setting of ongoing viral mutations.

20.
Discoveries (Craiova) ; 9(4): e140, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1776705

ABSTRACT

Post-acute sequelae of COVID-19 (PASC) or more commonly known as Long COVID-19, is the term given to persistent symptoms 12 weeks from the initial presentation of COVID-19 infection. Several multi-organ symptoms have been reported by patients. Some common symptoms include headaches, fatigue, memory impairment and mental health complications such as anxiety and depression. People with previous psychiatric diagnosis are at greater risk of developing longer mental health implications from persistent COVID-19 symptoms. Additionally, healthcare workers are at increased risk of being long haulers leading to burnout and exhaustion. The objective of this review article is to provide comprehensive evidence from existing literature on various symptoms reported by patients experiencing Long COVID-19 and the rate of occurrence of such symptoms in different populations. A long-term disease surveillance is required to further understand the persistent symptoms or the long-term impact of this infection.

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