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1.
Telehealth and Medicine Today ; 7(4), 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2026495

ABSTRACT

Financial Confidence Strategies is derived from Arkwright’s 2019 Telehealth and Medicine Today Journal published paper;Telehealth Financial Variables and Successful Business Models is predicated on a THMT article that was the second most downloaded paper in 2020 amidst the onset of COVID-19 and a global eruption of increased telehealth services. The presentation addresses telehealth growth, scale, ROI, investment strategy, and best practice.

2.
Relations Industrielles ; 77(2), 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2025306

ABSTRACT

We studied 14 universities across Canada and Australia to examine how the COVID-19 crisis, mediated through management strategies and conflict over financial control in higher education, influenced workers’ job security and affective outcomes like stress and happiness. The countries differed in their institutional frameworks, their union density, their embeddedness in neoliberalism and their negotiation patterns. Management strategies also differed between universities. Employee outcomes were influenced by differences in union involvement. Labour cost reductions negotiated with unions could improve financial outcomes, but, even in a crisis, management might not be willing to forego absolute control over finance, and it was not the depth of the crisis that shaped management decisions. Alternate :Cette étude examine comment la pandémie de COVID-19 et les stratégies mises en oeuvre par la gestion universitaire ont influencé la sécurité d'emploi, le stress et le bonheur des travailleurs de l'enseignement supérieur. Les données quantitatives et qualitatives primaires proviennent d'une enquête menée dans quatorze universités en Australie et au Canada, complétée par des recherches secondaires. L'analyse examine les réponses des institutions et des travailleurs à la pandémie, ainsi que les conflits qui en résultent en matière de contrôle financier et ce, tant aux niveaux macro (secteur), méso (université) et micro (individu). Au niveau macro, les réponses des universités ont été façonnées par les politiques publiques de l'État aux niveaux national et infranational. Dans les deux pays l’approche avait une forme nettement " néolibérale ". Toutefois, les universités australiennes ont été davantage exposées à la pression financière en faveur des suppressions d'emplois, et la direction de ces universités a peut-être été plus encline à procéder à des mises à pied que l'ensemble des universités canadiennes. Les différences au niveau du soutien institutionnel au syndicalisme au niveau macro ont influencé la manière dont le personnel universitaire a été affecté aux niveaux méso et micro. La restructuration des universités, dans les deux pays, a eu un impact négatif sur la sécurité d'emploi et les perspectives de carrière, ce qui a entraîné une diminution de la satisfaction professionnelle et une augmentation du stress. Pour de nombreux membres du personnel professionnel, le travail à domicile était nouveau et libérateur, tandis que pour d’autres membres du personnel universitaire, le travail à domicile était une expérience négative. Notre analyse démontre que les expériences du personnel universitaire ont été influencées par d'autres facteurs que les modalités de travail mises en place par les universités pendant la pandémie de COVID-19. Les approches des universités en matière de protection de l'emploi, de restructuration et d'engagement avec le personnel par le biais des syndicats semblent influencer la satisfaction, le stress et le bonheur du personnel. Nos résultats s'inscrivent dans le prolongement de la littérature qui documente la manière dont les processus de néolibéralisation sont régulièrement contestés par le personnel universitaire dans le cadre de diverses actions individuelles et collectives, en particulier en temps de crise. Nous soutenons que la théorisation des luttes pour le contrôle du travail devrait être étendue aux luttes pour le contrôle des finances.

3.
International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology ; : 1-20, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2003766

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus Pandemic is the current biggest challenge against humanity. Apart from the personal health issues and higher mortality by the coronavirus, recent research works have also reported the environmental impacts of the pandemic. The review aims to analyze the current status of face masks and personal protective equipment littering and subsequent environmental impact in terms of microplastic and microfiber pollution. Recent researches in this domain are collected from the leading databases with relevant keywords and critically analyzed. The review results report a multi-fold increment in the usage of personal protective equipment, particularly face masks after the pandemic. Mismanagement of these items leads them to reach the marine environment through a variety of transportation. The results show a significant amount of increment in plastic and pandemic-related littering after the pandemic. The systematic review shows that the use of synthetic fibers in disposable personal protective equipment and masks leads to release of fibers that can add-on to microfiber pollution. The results are also true in the case of reusable masks as the repeated laundry and disinfection methods release a significantly higher amount of microfibers. Only very few studies have addressed the release of microfiber from the mask, and no studies have reported the impact of personal protective equipment. The worldwide mass adaptation and improper disposal of these materials increase the seriousness of the problem multiple folds. These findings suggest the immediate requirement of critical analysis of the pandemic-related littering and microfiber release characteristics. The research also urges the need for the implementation of an environmental management plan as a mitigation strategy around the globe.

4.
International Journal of Logistics Management ; 33(3):877-900, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1985294

ABSTRACT

Purpose>The COVID-19 pandemic and the subsequent lockdown have hit the food service industry very hard. The COVID-19 outbreak has created a sharp downturn for firms in the food service industry, compelling actors across the whole food service supply chain to rethink their strategies. The purpose of this paper is to document the impact of COVID-19 on the food service supply chain, as well as to identify crisis management strategies food service firms use during the hectic early phase of the COVID-19 pandemic to survive the current and prepare for future pandemics.Design/methodology/approach>We performed a qualitative descriptive study using 21 semi-structured interviews with actors across the food service supply chain (i.e. farmers, wholesalers and food service providers). Data were collected to shed light on food service firms' decision making during the hectic early phase of the COVID-19 pandemic to uncover various crisis management strategies used.Findings>By integrating the disaster and crisis pyramid and resilience theory, four core crisis management strategies to respond to the COVID-19 pandemic are conceptualized, i.e. (1) managing resources, (2) diversifying strategically, (3) prioritizing long-term outcomes and (4) bonding socially.Originality/value>The theoretical contributions include documenting the performance impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the food service supply chain and exploring crisis management strategies food service firms employed during the hectic early phase of the COVID-19 pandemic. Thus, functioning and survival during a pandemic, an emerging field in literature, are central to this study. Additionally, while recent research suggests that integrating crisis management and resilience literature may provide a more complete understanding of the organization–crisis relationship, these literature streams mainly developed in isolation. By integrating the literature streams of crisis management and resilience and applying these theories to the COVID-19 crisis, our study provides specific managerial guidelines.

5.
Ocean & Coastal Management ; 228:106321, 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-1983741

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 cases on international cruise ships have attracted extensive attention from the international community as well as the world's tourism and shipping industry. This virus highlighted the plight that must be faced by cruise ships in complicated times and situations such as pandemics. The comparative method is adopted to analyze the management measures taken by the “Diamond Princess”, “Costa Serena”, “Westerdam” and “Grand Princess” cruises in response to the COVID-19 pandemic and then to summarize the common dilemmas faced by these cruise ships, including defects of their internal environment, unclear health-care obligations during an epidemic, weak collaboration between the parties involved and their limited performance, and widespread infodemic and unfavorable public opinion. Given these dilemmas, measures are suggested to deal with the “cruise dilemma”, including establishing and defining isolation standards on boards, enhancing the capacity of international organizations, the international community's joint response to the pandemic, promoting cooperation between countries, building an effective mechanism for the broad participation of the whole society, and standardizing the release of information and reasonably guiding public social opinion.

6.
Lecture Notes on Data Engineering and Communications Technologies ; 145:755-768, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1971544

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic will likely to have long-lasting impacts on higher education (HE) because of the global disruption it continues to cause. Transnational education (TNE) has been particularly vulnerable and been forced to respond to the disaster through new policies and management strategies. Taking pandemic as a case of crisis management, this paper first applies an integrative review method to synthesize the impacts of the pandemic on TNE institutions in China, and then uses the policy analysis method to explore their real-time governance policies from January 2020 to January 2021. A Pandemic Crisis Management Matrix for TNE is developed and used for the analysis of policies for phases before, during, and after the event. The findings suggest that TNE institutions in China took proactive measures to maintain normal operation during and after the crisis, but paid less attention to pandemic preparedness. In addition, some policies were changing according to the evolving epidemiology, whereas the crisis management objective had remained durable. Theoretically, this paper contributes to the crisis management theory in HE and TNE contexts. Practically, constructive recommendations are provided for government agencies, universities, and TNE institutions in terms of building long-term and transformative resilience and preparing for future crises. © 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

7.
Farmers Weekly ; 2022(Mar 18):32-34, 2022.
Article in English | Africa Wide Information | ID: covidwho-1970603
8.
Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences ; 83(9-A):No Pagination Specified, 2022.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-1958227

ABSTRACT

As the COVID-19 pandemic continues to descend upon the public on a global basis, concerns have been raised as to how LGBTQ+ nonprofit organizations could manage crises and generate revenue and maintain networking capabilities. The instruments for data collection that were used are (1) focus groups, (2) questionnaires, and (3) interviews. Being able to operate and remain solvent during this arduous time has proven to be challenging for LGBTQ+ nonprofit organizations. In the current qualitative descriptive study, 21 participants completed questionnaires with regards to how COVID-19 has affected the LGBTQ+ nonprofit sector regarding organizational function. Therefore, a qualitative descriptive research design was used to assess challenges that were brought upon by the pandemic, considering the utilization of crisis management among LGBTQ+ employees within LGBTQ+ nonprofit organizations. Additionally, two sets of theories were incorporated to address the two research questions, and the conclusions were obtained from the data that was collected. The duo theories enhanced the prescriptive theme of organizational stability within Los Angeles, California, regarding crisis management, to limit adverse descriptive themes that could hamper nonprofit LGBTQ+ organizational operations overall. The data analysis tool utilized was Dedoose and its applications. Key findings indicated that there is a lack of training regarding current and future technology. Crisis management strategies for COVID-19 and beyond were adversely affected. Strategic planning and technology advancements could positively influence implications for practice regarding LGBTQ+ nonprofit organizations in Los Angeles, California. Additional recommendations for future research would be to narrow down nonprofits to LGBTQ+ nonprofit organizations, for a specific locality. In turn, this would also highlight organizational structure regarding nonprofit practices within a subculture for future autonomy. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

9.
Jie Fang Jun Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 47(6):538-544, 2022.
Article in Chinese | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1954977

ABSTRACT

Acute hepatitis of unknown etiology in children has been reported in many countries all over the world since April 2022. As of May 27, there have been at least 650 cases of such patients reported by World Health Organization in 33 countries. The etiology of the hepatitis is still unknown. Adenovirus has been detected in samples of some cases, but it is also suspected that the immune response triggered by SARS-CoV-2 infection maybe contribute to the mechanism of the disease. In this paper, we overview the research and reports about the acute hepatitis of unknown etiology in children about its epidemiology, clinical features and possible etiology, then for the aim to make our country doing well in the monitoring and controlling of the acute hepatitis of unknown etiology in children. Here, we present some points of view from the perspective of infectious diseases and liver diseases in children.

10.
J Clin Med ; 11(14)2022 Jul 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1928589

ABSTRACT

Pemphigus is a rare autoimmune blistering disease, involving potentially life-threatening conditions often requiring immunosuppression. Currently, the COVID-19 pandemic caused by severe acute respiratory disease coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection has become a global public emergency. Vaccines are the most effective defense against COVID-19 infection. However, in clinic, there are cases of new onset or flare of pemphigus following COVID-19 vaccination, where vaccines have manifested significantly desirable risk-benefit profiles for patients. Although Rituximab, as first-line therapy, may impair humoral immunity, pemphigus may not predispose to develop COVID-19 infection compared to a healthy population. Conversely, delay or interruption of immunosuppressants probably results in unfavorable clinical outcomes for disease progression. Overall, clinicians should encourage their patients to undergo the vaccination after a comprehensive assessment. The definite association between COVID-19 vaccination and pemphigus remains to be further elucidated. Herein, we provide an overview of the published studies to date on COVID-19 and pemphigus as well as the exploration of their complicated interplay. In addition, we discuss the management strategies for pemphigus patients in this special period, in an effort to more effectively establish a standard treatment paradigm for this particular patient group.

11.
International Journal of Choice Theory and Reality Therapy ; 41(1):24-34, 2021.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-1888102

ABSTRACT

Applying the concepts of lead management in a world that has traditionally experienced the external control of boss management is particularly challenging in times of crisis like the COVID-19 pandemic. For many, the pandemic has meant a challenge to getting needs met, both inside and outside the workplace. At the most primal level, survival needs are being threatened, and the quality of our relationships can be influenced as we must find ways to work together from a distance. In the workplace, organizational survival also must be addressed. Deadlines remain in place and workers are expected to function effectively on their jobs despite other challenges they may be facing as a result of the pandemic. In this article, the authors integrate Glasser's (1998) model of lead management with other management strategies that can be effective in addressing workplace concerns. The article concludes with a discussion in which Provost shares his experience in developing his own management style and explains how he focuses on how to balance the needs of individuals and groups within the constraints of the system, particularly in the time of stress within a pandemic. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

12.
Transnational Corporations Review ; : 16, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1852808

ABSTRACT

This paper aims at mapping machinery value chains in Brazil to check the validity of the smiling curve and the impacts of the COVID-19 crisis, investigating opportunities for upgrading. The empirical methodology is based on qualitative research among 50 machinery manufacturing companies in three steps: online survey, interviews, and poll. The main conclusion is that the executives in our sample are sceptical about the smiling curve in Brazil. The COVID-19 crisis seriously impacted most of the consulted machinery companies, and it has caused significant disruptions in their value chains. Companies that reduced their chain's dependence on suppliers, relying on local networks and verticalization, had more hedge against those ruptures. The executives have shown eight fields of opportunities to upgrade in value chains. The paper contributes to the international literature on Management through its innovative methodology and insights for companies from developing countries.

13.
SSRN; 2022.
Preprint in English | SSRN | ID: ppcovidwho-335943

ABSTRACT

Academic stress has been a common topic among college students for many years. An individual's health and academic performance might be harmed when stress is perceived negatively or becomes severe. BPED fourth-year students' stress levels, the consequence of stress on their academic performance, and stress management practices were examined in the research. The researcher gathered information from the BPED fourth-year students at BulSU-Bustos Campus using the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) standard questionnaire form through this convergent mixed method-descriptive study. The researchers used a total enumeration in this study (N = 62) with their consent to answer the questionnaire. All of them responded to the questionnaire used in this research study. Specifically, it results in a stress level of moderate (M = 20.68) with a score of 56 out of 62, or 90.32%, of students, which means that most of the students are moderately stressed. Stress on academic performance was recorded as an "agree" with a mean score of 3.48, meaning stress is connected to the BPED students academically. Findings from the study revealed that the majority of BPEd fourth-year students at BSU-Bustos Campus are frequently unhappy due to an unanticipated development. The findings of the study led researchers to recommend the following: Stress management tactics include time management, happiness, tranquility, and prayer. Plan a series of seminars or public speeches to raise awareness of the problem of stress. The guidance program in school may upgrade their strategies to encourage students and assist them in developing a more positive view of stress. In addition, sports competitions like football, volleyball, tennis, and other social events like talent shows may be held for students to relieve their stress and improve their academic performance. The researchers utilized a tarp-based infographic stress management.

14.
Information ; 13(4):192, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1809947

ABSTRACT

Cybersecurity threats have grown exponentially, posing a heavy burden on organisations. Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) are particularly vulnerable, and their cybersecurity issues are receiving greater attention. However, existing research on cybersecurity has limited referencing value for HEI leaders and policy-makers because they are usually technology-focused. Publications that showcase best practices often lack system-wide perspectives towards cybersecurity in HEIs. Our paper, therefore, aims to bridge this literature gap and generate institutional cybersecurity strategies for HEI leaders and policy-makers from a system perspective. We first review how the cybersecurity landscape has evolved over the last few decades and its latest trends and projections for the next decade. By analysing these historical developments and new changes, we further illuminate the importance of strengthening HEI cybersecurity capacities. As we explore why HEIs face severe challenges to tackle the ever-escalating cyberattacks, we propose a system-wide approach to safeguard HEI cybersecurity and highlight the necessity to reassess prioritised areas. By taking an extensive literature review and desk research of methods that could respond to the cybersecurity vulnerabilities of the next decade, we synthesise our findings with a set of institutional strategies, with takeaways designed to equip HEIs better to address cybersecurity threats into the future. The strategies include: (1) Strengthening Institutional Governance for Cybersecurity;(2) Revisiting Cybersecurity KPIs;(3) Explicating Cybersecurity Policies, Guidelines and Mechanisms;(4) Training and Cybersecurity Awareness Campaigns to Build Cybersecurity Culture;(5) Responding to AI-based Cyber-threats and Harnessing AI to Enhance Cybersecurity;(6) Introduction of New and More Sophisticated Security Measures;(7) Paying Attention to Mobile Devices Use, Using Encryption as a Daily Practice;and (8) Risk Management. We believe that cybersecurity can be safeguarded throughout the new decade when these strategies are considered thoroughly and with the concerted effort of relevant HEI stakeholders.

15.
J. Asian Financ. Econ. Bus. ; 9(3):113-121, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1791695

ABSTRACT

The study aimed to assess the availability of intellectual capital in Kuwaiti private universities in terms of its three dimensions (human capital, structural capital, and relational capital), as well as its role in crisis management (crisis preparedness, crisis mitigation, confrontation, and response to the crisis, and learning from the crisis) during the COVID-19 pandemic. Members of the boards of trustees, university presidents, their deputies, and deans of the colleges were chosen as respondents to this study from a sample of (8) private universities in Kuwait, with the sampling unit consisting of leaders in these universities. The study revealed that all dimensions of intellectual capital play a statistically significant impact in executing crisis management during the COVID-19 pandemic at Kuwaiti private universities after conducting the data analysis process. The study concluded that universities should pay attention to intellectual capital in all its dimensions (human capital, structural capital, and relational capital) because of its role in improving their ability to implement crisis management strategies and strive to improve their capabilities to face crises by implementing crisis management strategies.

16.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 22(1): 43, 2022 Feb 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1759738

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Major life changing events such as the COVID-19 pandemic may have major impact on one's health and general well-being. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and predictive factors, including gender specific differences, of Complementary Medicine (CM) use (including CM consultations, self-care management and self-help techniques) during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020 in the Netherlands. METHODS: CM use was studied among a random representative sample (n = 1004) of the adult Dutch population using an online survey conducted from 22-27 May 2020. The survey included a modified version of I-CAM-Q and additional questions on demographic characteristics, reasons for CM use, perceived effectiveness and side effects. RESULTS: 68.0% of the participants reported to have used CM (CM consultations (13.3%), self-management strategies (59.4%), self-help techniques (30.0%)). Most frequently reported reason of CM use was to improve general well-being (61.6%), prevention and/or treatment of COVID-19 was only reported by 10%. Perceived effectiveness of CM was high and number of experienced side effects low. Being a women, worried to get infected with COVID-19, higher education and living in northern/ middle region of the Netherlands were predictive factors to use CM. CONCLUSIONS: In the Netherlands, specific groups (e.g. women/ highly educated) use CM, mainly to improve general wellbeing, and seem to benefit of it during the first months of the pandemic. The high perceived effectiveness and low reporting of side effects should encourage medical professionals and policy makers for more openness towards considering CM as being part of an integrative approach to public health in times life changing events occur.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Complementary Therapies , Adult , Female , Humans , Netherlands/epidemiology , Pandemics , Prevalence , SARS-CoV-2
17.
Disaster Med Public Health Prep ; : 1-22, 2022 Mar 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1730194

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The COVID-19 outbreak is the most threatening public health challenge in the 21th century, and more than 200 countries are affected. Considering that Iran was one of the first countries influenced by the COVID-19 pandemic, this study aimed to explain the crisis management strategies during the COVID-19 pandemic in Ardabil province. METHODS: This study employed a qualitative method using content analysis in which 12 healthcare managers or decision makers involved in the management of the COVID-19 crisis were recruited through purposeful sampling. In-depth, semi-structured interviews were used to collect data which continued until data saturation. RESULTS: Data analysis led to 9 categories, including prior preparation for the COVID-19 crisis; challenges and management of workforce shortages; benefiting from the participation of volunteer staff; challenges and strategies for physical space, supplies, and PPE; designation of referral centers for COVID-19; protocolized patient transport; benefiting from donations and charity support; management of information about COVID-19; and learning from the prior stages of crisis. CONCLUSION: This study revealed that in critical situations, managers use multiple and, to some extent, unique strategies for decision making and crisis control. Therefore, the health system can use the findings of the current study for proper response to similar crises and training of future managers.

18.
14th International Conference on Strategic Management and its Support by Information Systems 2021, SMSIS 2021 ; : 49-57, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1696144

ABSTRACT

Through a dynamic business environment, innovations are frequently transforming into a crucial determinant in improving and creating competitive advantage and the survival of an enterprise on the market. In times of pandemic, this trend is becoming increasingly apparent as various enterprises, especially SMEs, have been forced to modify the business model to survive. This paper aims to evaluate the impact of the COVID 19 pandemic on the strategic management of innovation in SMEs in Poland and the Czech Republic, as two regions similar economically and historically. Through research in SMEs in both countries, the evaluation of the rate of change caused by a pandemic and the main problems in innovative business management were identified. Based on the obtained data, the surveyed companies were divided into four groups according to innovation potential, which will offer a further international comparison. © Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Strategic Management and its Support by Information Systems 2021, SMSIS 2021.

19.
42nd International Annual Conference of the American Society for Engineering Management: Engineering Management and The New Normal ; : 292-301, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1695261

ABSTRACT

With the hope of regaining their pre-pandemic level of operations and certainties, companies who employ knowledge workers wonder whether working from home will be the main modality of employment going forward. The managers should understand the problems and opportunities and need to develop successful management strategies. This study analyzed the feasibility of remote working and looked for ways to improve employees' productivity while working at home. A survey was conducted on R&D engineers of a software company. Most employees reported no change in their productivity and less change in their physical health, while most employees reported an improvement in their mental health. The top four benefits of remote working are stress reduction from commuting, more freedom, location independence, and better work-life balance. The top three challenges are face-to-face interactions, dealing with distraction, and bad health habits. The top four tools that employees found necessary were face-to-face meetings at least once per month, better hardware and equipment, training and learning, and opportunities for non-work-related remote social interactions. The study indicates that regular face-to-face meetings are essential for successful remote collaboration. Also, if possible, a hybrid schedule should be considered, with remote work two or three days per week. A framework model for successful remote working programs was developed to summarize the findings of this study and to serve as a reference for decision making and further analysis. Finally, a remote work program's success can be measured through four factors: safety and regulatory compliance, environmental impact, productivity and cost reduction, and worker satisfaction. © American Society for Engineering Management, 2021

20.
Healthcare (Basel) ; 10(2)2022 Jan 29.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1667120

ABSTRACT

Health risks within prisons are well known and have worsened with the 2019 coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19), becoming a public health emergency. To date, there are more than 10 million inmates in the world; in most cases, conditions are bad and health care is scarce. A SARS-CoV-2 outbreak inside a prison is extremely rapid. The aim of this systematic review was to analyze all possible prevention techniques to reduce the risk of COVID-19 related infection within prisons. A systematic review of the literature was performed according to the PRISMA guidelines. Scopus, Web of Science, PubMed, and Google Scholar were used as search engines from 1 January 2020 to 1 November 2021 to evaluate the prevention of COVID-19 in prisoners. A total of 1757 articles were collected. Of them, 486 duplicates were removed. A total of 1250 articles did not meet the inclusion criteria. In conclusion, 21 articles were included in the present systematic review. From this analysis, it emerged that the most common COVID-19 prevention methods were the screening of the entire population (prisoners and workers) inside the prison through swab analysis and the reduction in overcrowding in prisons. Few studies concerned the prevention of COVID-19 infection through vaccination and the implementation of quarantine. To our knowledge, this is the first systematic review that evaluates the prevention of COVID-19 within jails and the real effectiveness of all possible methods used and published in the literature. Finally, a very useful strategic protocol is provided to reduce the incidence of infection and to control and manage COVID-19 in prisons.

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