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1.
Indian Journal of Animal Sciences ; 92(2):166-173, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1913183

ABSTRACT

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a silent pandemic faced parallel to COVID-19 pandemic, owing to indiscriminate usage of antimicrobial agents by large mass of people as part of self-medication and unsupervised therapy protocols. This similar kind of situation does exist in livestock and poultry farming sector, which has led to AMR issues like Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) mastitis. AMR is really an alarming issue which needs to be addressed or else in near future it would be difficult to treat or control infections in both humans and animals. Reduction in indiscriminate antimicrobial usage and AMR issues in animal husbandry sector requires intervention in animal husbandry practices. In order to device such intervention practices, first we need to document the field level antibiotic usage and knowledge level on AMR. But unfortunately, data on AMR issues at field level were deficit and poorly documented in India. Hence this cross-sectional study was carried out to explore the knowledge and usage pattern of antibiotics among livestock and poultry farmers of Telangana state of India through direct interview method. Cent per cent of the farmers responded that antibiotics were used mainly for therapeutic purpose followed by prophylactic (32%), metaphylactic purpose (44.5%) and as growth promoters (8.33%). Farmers (78%) responded that they purchase the antimicrobial agents over-the-counter. Oxytetracyclines and Enrofloxacin were the two major antibiotics used abundantly by the livestock farmers. Large proportions of famers (80%) were neither following full dosage regime of antimicrobial used nor the withdrawal period, while antimicrobial usage on their animals owing to lack of awareness and knowledge regarding the AMR. Significant differences were found amongst the livestock and poultry farmers with respect to their knowledge level on antimicrobial usage and AMR in animals.

2.
Cancer Research ; 82(4 SUPPL), 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1779472

ABSTRACT

Introduction/Background• The sudden outbreak of the COVID 19 pandemic led to increased stress on healthcare systems across the globe. They struggled to continue to provide other essential clinical services whilst dealing with the rapid surge of COVID 19 cases. It was therefore essential to optimize patient-centred care safely in a risk adapted environment without compromising outcomes.• We present our experience of telephone triaging of new symptomatic patients referred to a single, tertiary, academic large volume breast unit. Based on our observed outcomes, we propose a novel pathway for management of patients referred with Breast Pain. Methodology• We conducted an audit of patients triaged for telephone consultation at Guy's and St Thomas' NHS foundation Trust, UK between 1st April 2020 to 30th June 2020. Data was collected retrospectively from hospital records following approval from the Trust Audit Committee. Two week wait (2WW) referrals determined to be of low index of suspicion for breast cancer were triaged to telephone consultation. Criteria for low index of suspicion was breast pain, non-suspicious skin changes, bilateral non pathological nipple discharge, gynaecomastia, patients < 30. Patients > 70 were initially offered telephone consultation for risk assessment to avoid potential exposure to COVID19 (shielding of vulnerable cohort). Follow up data was recorded up to October 2020. SResults• There were a total of 685 new 2WW referrals during this time. The total number of patients that were triaged to telephone consultation were 111. The median age of this cohort was 34. There were 105 women and 6 men in this cohort. When classified by symptoms, 47 were referred for breast pain, 46 for suspected breast lumps, 6 for nipple discharge and 12 for other miscellaneous reasons.• The total number of patients that were invited back for imaging or face to face (F2F) consultation or both were 67 (60%).Total number that came back for F2F consultation were 50, out of which 14 were purely for F2F. The total number of patients that came back for imaging were 53, out of which 17 came for imaging only. Total number that came back for F2F and imaging both were 36.• 44 patients were discharged without a F2F consultation or imaging (40%)• F2F consultations (50) when classified by symptoms, 70% presented with breast lump, 14% with breast pain, 6% with nipple discharge, 2% with breast infections and 8% with other benign causes.• Total number of biopsies performed were 9, out of which 2 were cancers and the rest were benign.• There were 3 patients that came back with new referrals after a few months of being discharged following a telephone consultation. They presented with the same symptoms, or their symptoms had worsened or they had new symptoms. However, none of them had any significant finding on F2F consultations or imaging and were reassured and discharged. Conclusion• Our audit (although a small cohort), some published data (Cancer Waiting Times data in the UK comparing 1st 6 months from 2019 with 2020) and literature support the effectiveness of this tool in unprecedented times.• Breast pain is not the most alarming symptom. None of the patients in our cohort with breast pain were found to have any significant finding on imaging or were diagnosed with breast cancer.• Any breast lump or pathological nipple discharge irrespective of age should undergo triple assessment as gold standard.• Our proposal is to design a separate pathway for patients with breast pain as they do not necessarily need a F2F consultation or imaging (can be elicited by the clinician and called only if deemed necessary). This will in turn decrease the strain of 2WW referrals and increased burden on radiology.

3.
Revista de Senologia y Patologia Mamaria ; 2022.
Article in English, Spanish | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1641661

ABSTRACT

Reactions to the vaccine against the virus causing the current pandemic are still under investigation. We present the case of an elderly woman who, after administration of the vaccine in the left arm, developed mastitis in the ipsilateral breast 24 h later. No previous case has been described in the literature. © 2021

4.
Revista de Senología y Patología Mamaria ; 2021.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-1586520

ABSTRACT

Resumen Las reacciones de la vacuna contra el virus causante de la actual pandemia están todavía en estudio. Presentamos el caso de una mujer de edad avanzada que, tras la administración de dicha vacuna en el brazo izquierdo, desarrolla 24 horas después una mastitis en la mama ipsilateral. Ningún caso previo ha sido descrito en la literatura. Reactions to the vaccine against the virus causing the current pandemic are still under investigation. We present the case of an elderly woman who, after administration of the vaccine in the left arm, developed mastitis in the ipsilateral breast 24 h later. No previous case has been described in the literature.

5.
J Hum Lact ; 38(1): 37-42, 2022 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1488357

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Pre-approval clinical trials of the Pfizer/BioNTech messenger RNA COVID-19 vaccine, BNT162b2 did not include participants who were breastfeeding. Therefore, there is limited evidence about outcomes of breastfeeding mother-child dyads and effects on breastfeeding after vaccination. RESEARCH AIMS: To determine: (1) solicited adverse effects (e.g., axillary lymphadenopathy, mastitis, and breast engorgement), which are unique to lactating individuals; and (2) systemic and local adverse effects of COVID-19 mRNA vaccine on mothers and potential effects on their breastfed infants. METHOD: This was a prospective cohort study of lactating healthcare workers (N = 88) in Singapore who received two doses of BNT162b2 vaccination (Pfizer/BioNTech). The outcomes of mother-child dyads within 28 days after the second vaccine dose were determined through a participant-completed questionnaire. RESULTS: Minimal effects related to breastfeeding were reported by this cohort; three of 88 (3.4%) participants had mastitis, one (1.1%) participant experienced breast engorgement, five of 88 (5.7%) participants reported cervical or axillary lymphadenopathy. There was no change in human milk supply after vaccination. The most common side effect was pain/redness/swelling at the injection site, which was experienced by 57 (64.8%) participants. There were no serious adverse events of anaphylaxis or hospital admissions. There were no short-term adverse effects reported in the infants of 67 lactating participants who breastfed within 72 hr after BNT162b2 vaccination. CONCLUSIONS: BNT162b2 vaccination was well tolerated in lactating participants and was not associated with short-term adverse effects in their breastfed infants. STUDY PROTOCOL REGISTRATION: The study protocol was registered at clinicaltrials.gov (NCT04802278).


Subject(s)
COVID-19 Vaccines , COVID-19 , Breast Feeding , Female , Humans , Infant , Lactation , Mothers , Prospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Vaccination , Vaccines, Synthetic
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