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1.
Chinese Journal of Disease Control and Prevention ; 26(3):343-346 and 356, 2022.
Article in Chinese | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1822640

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the utilization of HIV testing services and related influencing factors among men who have sex with men (MSM) on COVID-19. Methods From September to November 2020, an electronic questionnaire survey was conducted on MSM in the AIDS Vct of Longhua CDC and the Third People's Hospital of Shenzhen, The rank sum test was used to compare the changes in the utilization of HIV testing services in different situations of various factors, and ordinal multinomial logistic regression model was established to analyze the influencing factors of the utilization of HIV testing services. Results A total of 30.4% MSM were reported reduction in the use of HIV testing services. Logistic regression analysis showed that highly panic of COVID-19 reducing the frequency of anal sex (OR=0.056, 95% CI: 0.021-0.150, P < 0.001), being advised not going to testing agency (OR=0.538, 95% CI: 0.297-0.975, P=0.041), and being infected of COVID-19 (OR=21.979, 95% CI: 4.369-110.559, P < 0.001) had higher chance of reduction in the used of HIV testing services. Conclusion The HIV testing service utilization is decreased in MSM during COVID-19. It is necessary to pay more attention to this convenience when formulating and implementing epidemic prevention and control measures.

2.
American Family Physician ; 105(4):388-396, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1820650

ABSTRACT

Infections caused by Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae are increasing in the United States. Because most infections are asymptomatic, screening is key to preventing complications such as pelvic inflammatory disease and infertility and decreasing community and vertical neonatal transmission. All sexually active people with a cervix who are younger than 25 years and older people with a cervix who have risk factors should be screened annually for chlamydial and gonococcal infections. Sexually active men who have sex with men should be screened at least annually. Physicians should obtain a sexual history free from assumptions about sex partners or practices. Acceptable specimen types for testing include vaginal, endocervical, rectal, pharyngeal, and urethral swabs, and first-stream urine samples. Uncomplicated gonococcal infection should be treated with a single 500-mg dose of intramuscular ceftriaxone in people weighing less than 331 lb (150 kg). Preferred chlamydia treatment is a seven-day course of doxycycline, 100 mg taken by mouth twice per day. All nonpregnant people should be tested for reinfection approximately three months after treatment or at the first visit in the 12 months after treatment. Pregnant patients diagnosed with chlamydia or gonorrhea should have a test of cure four weeks after treatment.

3.
Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care ; 21:7, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1817136

ABSTRACT

Background: It has been suggested that mass SARS-CoV-2 testing could offer a unique opportunity to screen for viral hepatitis, particularly HCV infection. AIM we design a pilot proof for simultaneous testing of SARS-CoV-2 antigen and anti-HCV antibodies using point of care techniques in the people who wanted to attend the opening of night parties in Sitges. Method: 350 adult individuals who were tested pre-party were appointed for compulsory second test for SARS-CoV-2 five days after the party. All participants were invited to undergo voluntary screening for anti-HCV the same day that the second appointment in suitably adapted public tent. Anti-HCVs were tested by rapid point of care test (ORAQUICK®) and if it is positive, a dried blood stop test for HCV RNA. Baseline demographic, self- reported previous HCV infection and an a signed inform consent were collected. Results: 350 participants were preparty negative for SARS-Cov-2 antigens and 337 post-party screening being all negative. 217 (64.39%) of them accepted anti-HCV screening. The majority were male (56%), mean age 37,49 years (18 to 74 years) and three were aware of a previous history of viral hepatitis. Anti-HCV antibodies were negative in 211 cases and in six (2.1%) the result was not interpretable. All the tests were performed simultaneous, and the pilot proof takes a total of six hours. Only 28% were>50 years, ages with the highest prevalence of anti-HCV antibodies in Spain. Conclusion: Simultaneous point of care screening for anti-HCV and SARSCoV-2 testing is feasible and well accepted at the community level. This strategy should be explored in high-risk groups for hepatitis C, like people who used drugs and men who have sex with men.

4.
Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol ; 2022.
Article in English | PubMed | ID: covidwho-1802652

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To examine associations between COVID-19-related stressors and symptoms of depression and anxiety in Black cisgender sexual minority men (SMM) and transgender women during the initial peak of the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: Participants from the N2 Cohort Study comprised Black cisgender SMM and Black transgender women in Chicago, IL, completed a face-to-face video or phone interview between April 20 and July 31, 2020. The survey included 18 measures of individual, network, and structural COVID-19 stressors such as income loss, network COVID-19 diagnoses, and housing loss, as well as 5 outcome measures: anxiety, depression, loneliness, worry and hope. RESULTS: Of 226 participants, 56.6% experienced anxiety on at least 1 of the last 14 days, 48.7% experienced depression, 48.7% experienced loneliness, 42.0% experienced worry, and 51.8% did not experience hope. Completing the study during a later phase of reopening was associated with hopefulness, RR = 1.37 95% CI [1.02, 1.85]. Fifteen of the 18 multi-level COVID-19 stressors were associated with 1 or more symptoms of depression and anxiety, for example, physical stress reactions, income loss, food loss, medication loss, network COVID-19 diagnoses, partner violence, housing loss, and neighborhood pandemic concerns (aRRs = 0.61-2.78, ps < 0.05). CONCLUSION: COVID-19-related stressors were associated with depression and anxiety symptoms in Black cisgender SMM and transgender women. Mitigation strategies to reduce virus transmission should be supplemented with measures to prevent depression and anxiety among marginalized populations, such as targeted economic relief and eHealth/mHealth interventions.

5.
AIDS Educ Prev ; 34(2):142-157, 2022.
Article in English | PubMed | ID: covidwho-1793447

ABSTRACT

Black populations in the U.S. South are disproportionally affected by HIV and COVID-19 due to longstanding inequalities. We conducted 20 in-depth interviews-12 with Black same-gender-loving men and 8 with Black cisgender women-to explore the impact of the initial phase of the COVID-19 pandemic on sexual activities and PrEP use. Almost all participants reduced the frequency of sex and number of partners. Women described little interest in sex, whereas men began to connect with some sexual partners after stay-at-home orders were lifted. Both populations were concerned about contracting COVID-19 through sexual partners, and men described selecting partners based on perceived COVID-19 risk. Participants valued PrEP and could access it, although several men who were not having sex stopped taking it. Risk of acquiring HIV during this time was likely limited. Future qualitative research is needed to understand how sexual behaviors and PrEP use changed as the pandemic continued.

6.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 9: 838973, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1775702

ABSTRACT

Background: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has disproportionately affected sexual minorities including men who have sex with men (MSM). This study investigated factors associated with the uptake of COVID-19 vaccination among MSM in China. Methods: Inclusion criteria were: (1) born biologically male, (2) had oral or anal sex with men in the past year, (3) aged at least 18 years, and (4) lived in Shenzhen, China. Prospective participants were recruited through outreach in gay bars and saunas, online recruitment, and peer referrals. Participants completed a baseline online survey between August and September 2020 and a follow-up online survey between April and May 2021. Logistic regression models were fitted for data analysis. Results: Among 420 participants who completed the baseline survey, 303 completed the follow-up survey. Among participants being followed up, 113 (37%) received at least one dose of COVID-19 vaccination during the study period. After adjusting for significant sociodemographic characteristics, five baseline predisposing factors predicted COVID-19 vaccination uptake during the follow-up period, including asking whether their partners had COVID-19 symptoms [adjusted odds ratio (AOR): 1.17, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.00-1.38], washing hands before and after sex (AOR: 1.23, 95% CI: 1.03-1.46), sanitizing before and after sex (AOR: 1.17, 95% CI: 1.00-1.37), perceived higher risk of COVID-19 transmission through sexual behaviors (AOR: 1.28, 95% CI: 1.04-1.58), and panic about COVID-19 (AOR: 1.48, 95% CI: 1.16-1.89). Regarding enabling factors, receiving testing for sexually transmitted infections (STI) (AOR: 2.19, 95% CI: 1.25-3.85) and other prevention measures for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/STI (AOR: 2.61, 95% CI: 1.56-4.37) 6 months prior to the baseline survey were associated with higher uptake of COVID-19 vaccination. Conclusion: MSM's uptake rate of COVID-19 vaccination was comparable to that of the general population in Shenzhen, China. This study offered an overview for us to identify tapping points that can encourage COVID-19 vaccination uptake among Chinese MSM.

7.
SpringerBriefs Public Health ; : v-viii, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1771316
8.
SSRN; 2022.
Preprint in English | SSRN | ID: ppcovidwho-331615

ABSTRACT

Background: Restrictions to prevent SARS-CoV-2 transmission profoundly affected sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and services, but the consequences remain unclear. We examined SRH outcomes in Britain during the first year of the pandemic. Methods: 6,658 participants (18-59 years) completed a web-panel survey in March-April 2021. We used quota-based sampling and weighting to achieve a quasi-representative population sample. We estimated SRH outcomes in the year from the first UK lockdown in March 2020, by age and gender, and by same-sex behaviour. We triangulated our data descriptively with the most recent probability sample population data (from Natsal-3;collected 2010-12) and surveillance data (2010-2020) to provide context. Findings: Among 5,733 participants reporting sexual experience ever, over two-thirds reported one or more sexual partner(s) in the year following lockdown (women 71·8%;men 69·9%);median of 2 occasions of sex per four weeks. Compared with Natsal-3, we found less sexual risk behaviour (lower reporting of multiple partners, new partners, and new condomless partners). Reduced risk included among participants reporting same-sex behaviour. We found similar reporting of HIV testing and STI-related service use, but less reporting of chlamydia testing;fewer reported pregnancies, of which a smaller proportion were scored as unplanned;less reported abortion;and increased sexual dissatisfaction and distress. Compared with trends in surveillance data over the previous decade, we found lower than expected use of STI related services, lower levels of chlamydia testing and fewer conceptions and abortions. Interpretation: We observed major shifts in sexual behaviour, SRH, and service uptake in the year following the first COVID-19 lockdown in Britain. These data from multiple sources suggest that shifts were at least partly due to the pandemic and indicate the scale of impact. Restrictions on social mixing and disruption to SRH services are plausible explanations.

9.
Future Virology ; : 4, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1765638

ABSTRACT

HIV-NAT has held the Bangkok International Symposium on HIV Medicine annually since 1998. It provides the latest advances in HIV medicine to professional healthcare workers in the Asia-Pacific region. This year's symposium (the 24th) was held virtually, from 19 to 21 January 2022. There were a total of 27 sessions divided over 3 days. The Symposium started in the afternoon following industrial symposia and ended at 18:00. Various topics were presented by experts from Australia, India, Malaysia, The Netherlands, Singapore, Switzerland, Thailand, UK and USA. COVID-19 has changed healthcare delivery and artificial intelligence is changing medical practice so sessions on these topics were included in the symposium.

10.
IJID Regions ; 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-1739807

ABSTRACT

The 2025 UNAIDS targets prioritize reaching all subpopulations living with HIV and those at risk for HIV as the only pathway to achieving control of the HIV epidemic. This brought to the fore the importance of addressing the needs of key marginalized groups and placing such communities at the centre of HIV response strategies. However, the COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in a setback in terms of confronting HIV. With this viewpoint, we offer recommendations not only to protect services within the HIV response amongst key populations but urge the expansion of such services to meet the UNAIDS 2025 targets. Without this, gains in controlling COVID–19 may be achieved at the expense of losses in controlling the spread of HIV, which had been achieved after sustained and resource-intensive actions.

11.
Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica ; 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-1719642

ABSTRACT

Objectives To assess HAV serologic and vaccination status among people who live with HIV (PLWH), and to evaluate the impact of a vaccination-based strategy on HAV-negative patients in Seville, Spain. Methods Study with two time-overlapping phases: (i) cross-sectional study of HAV immunity prevalence among PLWH followed at a Spanish hospital between August 2019 and March 2020. (ii) Patients seronegative for HAV, reliably unvaccinated were included in a before-and-after quasi-experimental study, with an intervention focused on HAV vaccination according to national recommendations in force. Results Six hundred and fifty-six patients were included, of which 111 [17%, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 14–20%] were seronegative for HAV. Of these, 48 [43% (95% CI, 34–53%)] individuals were MSM. The absence of HAV immunity was attributed in 69 [62% (95% CI, 52–71%)] patients to non-referral to vaccination, followed by lack of achievement of a correct vaccination scheme [n=26;23% (95% CI, 16–32%)]. After the program implementation, 96 [15% (95% CI, 12–18%)] individuals were seronegative (17% vs. 15%, p=0.256), of whom 42 [41% (95% CI, 32–51%)] were MSM. The absence of immunity after the intervention was mainly attributed to: adherence failure in 23 [24.0% (95% CI, 15.8–33.7%)] patients, on-course immunization scheme in 34 [33% (95% CI, 24–43%)] individuals and pending appointment at the vaccine delivery unit in 20 [20.8% (95% CI, 13.2–30.3%)] patients. Conclusions A sizeable proportion of PLWH remains susceptible for HAV infection in future outbreaks. A program based on referral to the vaccine delivery unit yields poor results, largely due to program adherence failures. New strategies are needed to increase HAV vaccination coverage. Resumen Objetivos Evaluar la prevalencia de inmunidad frente al VHA en personas que viven con VIH así como el impacto de una intervención basada en la vacunación de pacientes seronegativos frente al VHA. Métodos Estudio con dos fases solapadas en el tiempo: 1) transversal de prevalencia de inmunidad frente al VHA en personas que viven con VIH seguidas en un hospital de tercer nivel, entre agosto de 2019 y el inicio de las medidas nacionales de contención de la epidemia por SARS-CoV-2, marzo de 2020. 2) Cuasiexperimental, con una intervención centrada en la vacunación frente a VHA de pacientes seronegativos, en la unidad responsable de esta. Resultados Ciento once (17%, [95% IC, 14-20%]) de los 656 pacientes incluidos eran seronegativos frente al VHA. Las principales causas de la ausencia de inmunidad fueron: 69 (62% [95% IC, 52-71%]) individuos no derivados a la unidad responsable de la vacunación;26 pacientes (23% [95% CI, 16-32%]) no completaron el esquema vacunal. Tras la intervención, 96 (15% [95% IC, 12-18%]) pacientes continuaron siendo seronegativos frente al VHA (comparada con la prevalencia basal, p=0,256), 42 (18% [95% IC, 13-23%]) eran HSH. Las principales causas de la ausencia de inmunidad fueron: 26 (23% [95% IC, 15-32%]) individuos presentaron fallos de adherencia al circuito vacunal;34 (33% [95% IC, 24-43%]) pacientes habían recibido una sola dosis;22 (22% [95% IC, 14-31%]) seguían sin una primera valoración por parte de la unidad responsable de la vacunación. Conclusiones Una proporción considerable de personas que viven con VIH, particularmente HSH, sigue siendo susceptible a la infección por VHA. La derivación sistemática a la unidad responsable de la vacunación se traduce en modestos incrementos de la prevalencia de inmunidad. Son necesarias nuevas estrategias para aumentar la cobertura vacunal.

12.
Bulletin ..pid..miologique Hebdomadaire ; 20(21):378-387, 2021.
Article in French | GIM | ID: covidwho-1717573

ABSTRACT

More than a decade ago, the preventive effect of antiretroviral treatment against HIV (TasP) was scientifically demonstrated: an HIV-positive person under treatment with an undetectable viral load cannot transmit the virus. This article aims to assess the level of knowledge about TasP among men who have sex with men (MSM), to describe the men's characteristics according to their declared HIV status and to identify the factors associated with their knowledge. The data source is the survey Rapport au Sexe (ERAS) 2021: a cross-sectional, anonymous, voluntary and self-administered online survey. Among the 14,706 respondents included in the analysis, who were residing in France and had engaged in sexual intercourse with a man at least once in their lifetime, 60.5% were aware of TasP, 92.4% among HIV-positive MSM and 58.2% among HIV-negative MSM or those who did not know their HIV status. Logistic regressions show that, to different extents depending on the respondent's HIV status, a low level of education, a financial situation perceived as difficult, a low level of health literacy and not defining oneself as homosexual were factors associated with less knowledge. Conversely, living in an urban area, frequenting the gay community, or attending HIV care services were positively associated to TasP knowledge. The continuation of public awareness campaigns around TasP is essential, whether administered through associations, the gay community, via health initiatives or the mass media, in order to improve knowledge about HIV and reduce HIV-related stigma.

13.
Bulletin ..pid..miologique Hebdomadaire ; 20(21):401-412, 2021.
Article in French | GIM | ID: covidwho-1716951

ABSTRACT

Introduction - The CeGIDDs are centres of information, screening and diagnosis for HIV, viral hepatitis and bacterial sexually transmitted infections (STIs), a network of French free-to-use clinics created in 2016. This article describes the characteristics of CeGIDD visitors as well as the screening and diagnostic activities carried out by the structures for the year 2020, comparing them with 2018. Method - We present a repeated cross-sectional study, based on continuous monitoring data from the SurCeGIDD system, which relies on the secure transmission of individual visitor data according to a predefined format. The socio-demographic and behavioural data of the visitors, and their reasons for consultation, are described. The proportions of visitors tested and the positivity rates for HIV, hepatitis B (HBV) and C (HCV), syphilis, gonococcus (NG), Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and Mycoplasma genitalium (MG) are described according to sexual practices. Results - In 2020, 336,333 consultations were reported by 50.3% of the 336 CeGIDDs identified in 2020. Attendance at CeGIDDs fell sharply in the second quarter of 2020 (-58% compared to the first quarter). In 2020, the visitors were mostly men (62.1%) and young people under 30 (64.5%). About a quarter (23.5%) of the visitors were born abroad. The proportion of men having sex with men (14.8%) and trans people (0.38%) had increased compared to 2018. The most frequent reasons for consultation remained risk exposure (60.4%) and systematic screening (43.3%). Some reasons for consultation increased between 2018 and 2020, such as initiating or monitoring a post-exposure prophylaxis. An increase in positivity rate between 2018 and 2020 is observed for HIV (from 0.37% to 0.41%), but especially for NG (from 2.8% to 4.0%), undoubtedly related to changes in visitor characteristics. At the same time, positivity rates decreased for HBV (from 1.3% to 0.93%) and HCV (from 0.94% to 0.60%). They are relatively stable for CT (7.0% in 2020), MG (6.8%) and syphilis (1.0%). Conclusion - Despite a drop in consultations in 2020 related to the COVID-19 pandemic, the CeGIDDs continued to carry out their screening/diagnostic missions in a comprehensive sexual health approach. SurCeGIDD surveillance provides elements for monitoring the national sexual health strategy, hence the need to improve the comprehensiveness and completeness of the data collected.

14.
BMC Public Health ; 22(1): 366, 2022 02 21.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1706885

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The Philippines, which has the fastest rising HIV epidemic globally, has limited options for HIV testing and its uptake remains low among cisgender men who have sex with men (cis-MSM) and transgender women (TGW), especially amid the COVID-19 pandemic. As HIV self-testing (HIVST) and technology-based approaches could synergize to expand uptake of HIV testing, we aimed to evaluate the outcomes of a community-led online-based HIVST demonstration and to explore factors associated with HIVST-related behaviours and outcomes. METHODS: We did a secondary data analysis among cis-MSM and TGW who participated in the HIVST demonstration, who were recruited online and tested out-of-facility, in Western Visayas, Philippines, from March to November 2020. We reviewed data on demographics, sexuality-, and context-related variables. Using multivariable logistic regression, we tested for associations between the aforementioned covariates and two primary outcomes, opting for directly-assisted HIVST (DAH) and willingness to secondarily distribute kits. RESULTS: HIVST kits were distributed to 647 individuals (590 cis-MSM, 57 TGW), 54.6% were first-time testers, 10.4% opted DAH, and 46.1% were willing to distribute to peers. Reporting rate was high (99.3%) with 7.6% reactivity rate. While linkage to prevention (100%) and care (85.7%) were high, pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) (0.3%) and antiretroviral therapy (ART) (51.0%) initiation were limited. There were no reports of adverse events. Those who were employed, had recent anal intercourse, opted for DAH, not willing to secondarily distribute, and accessed HIVST during minimal to no quarantine restriction had significantly higher reactivity rates. Likelihood of opting for DAH was higher among those who had three or more partners in the past year (aOR = 2.01 [CI = 1.01-4.35]) and those who accessed during maximal quarantine restrictions (aOR = 4.25 [CI = 2.46-7.43]). Odds of willingness to share were higher among those in urban areas (aOR = 1.64 [CI = 1.15-2.36]) but lower among first-time testers (aOR = 0.45 [CI = 0.32-0.62]). CONCLUSIONS: HIVST could effectively reach hard-to-reach populations. While there was demand in accessing online-based unassisted approaches, DAH should still be offered. Uptake of PrEP and same-day ART should be upscaled by decentralizing these services to community-based organizations. Differentiated service delivery is key to respond to preferences and values of key populations amid the dynamic geographical and sociocultural contexts they are in.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , HIV Infections , Sexual and Gender Minorities , Transgender Persons , Female , HIV Infections/diagnosis , HIV Infections/epidemiology , HIV Infections/prevention & control , HIV Testing , Homosexuality, Male , Humans , Male , Pandemics , Philippines/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Self-Testing
15.
JMIR Res Protoc ; 11(2): e35590, 2022 Feb 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1686343

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Black men who have sex with men (BMSM) suffer from alarmingly high rates of HIV in the United States. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) can reduce the risk of HIV infection by 99% among men who have sex with men, yet profound racial disparities in the uptake of PrEP persist. Low PrEP uptake in BMSM is driven by poor access to PrEP, including inconvenient locations of PrEP-prescribing physicians, distrust of physicians, and stigma, which limit communication about PrEP and its side effects. Previous work indicates that offering HIV prevention services in pharmacies located in low-income, underserved neighborhoods is feasible and can reduce stigma because pharmacies offer a host of less stigmatized health services (eg, vaccinations). We present a protocol for a pharmacy PrEP model that seeks to address challenges and barriers to pharmacy-based PrEP specifically for BMSM. OBJECTIVE: We aim to develop a sustainable pharmacy PrEP delivery model for BMSM that can be implemented to increase PrEP access in low-income, underserved neighborhoods. METHODS: This study design is a pilot intervention to test a pharmacy PrEP delivery model among pharmacy staff and BMSM. We will examine the PrEP delivery model's feasibility, acceptability, and safety and gather early evidence of its impact and cost with respect to PrEP uptake. A mixed-methods approach will be performed, including three study phases: (1) a completed formative phase with qualitative interviews from key stakeholders; (2) a completed transitional pilot phase to assess customer eligibility and willingness to receive PrEP in pharmacies during COVID-19; and (3) a planned pilot intervention phase which will test the delivery model in 2 Atlanta pharmacies in low-income, underserved neighborhoods. RESULTS: Data from the formative phase showed strong support of pharmacy-based PrEP delivery among BMSM, pharmacists, and pharmacy staff. Important factors were identified to facilitate the implementation of PrEP screening and dissemination in pharmacies. During the transitional pilot phase, we identified 81 individuals who would have been eligible for the pilot phase. CONCLUSIONS: Pharmacies have proven to be a feasible source for offering PrEP for White men who have sex with men but have failed to reach the most at-risk, vulnerable population (ie, BMSM). Increasing PrEP access and uptake will reduce HIV incidence and racial inequities in HIV. Translational studies are required to build further evidence and scale pharmacy-based PrEP services specifically for populations that are disconnected from HIV prevention resources. INTERNATIONAL REGISTERED REPORT IDENTIFIER (IRRID): DERR1-10.2196/35590.

16.
J Interpers Violence ; : 8862605211072149, 2022 Jan 19.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1625804

ABSTRACT

Many countries worldwide have implemented dedicated measures, such as shelter at home, to contain the spread of the COVID-19 virus. However, those mitigation measures may have major implications for individuals living with someone abusive or controlling. Domestic violence (DV) may be one of the unintended consequences of public health measures due to increased various stressors and reduced access to support and services. There has been a lack of empirical research on DV victimization among gender and sexual minorities, a population vulnerable to interpersonal violence and its associated adverse health outcomes. This study investigates the prevalence of DV victimization among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Jiangsu Province, China, during the COVID-19 lockdown and its correlates with COVID-19-related psychosocial and health stressors. A total of 413 MSM were recruited via snowball sampling, venue-based, and internet-based sampling from four cities in Jiangsu Province. After providing informed consent, all participants completed study questionnaires, followed by HIV testing. Over a quarter of the participants (27.4%) reported DV victimization during the COVID-19 lockdown, including experience of verbal, physical, or sexual abuse. After adjusting sociodemographic factors, DV victimization was associated with various adverse experiences during the COVID-19 lockdown, including increased stress or anxiety level, increased alcohol use, and housing instability. Study findings underscore the prevalence of DV victimization among MSM during the COVID-19 pandemic in China. The results can inform public health efforts to raise awareness and address DV victimization among MSM in the low- and middle-income country context during the COVID-19 pandemic. Adequate health and social services and economic resources are also critical to address the needs of MSM experiencing DV victimization.

17.
Front Public Health ; 9: 752965, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1595569

ABSTRACT

Background: Solidarity, such as community connectedness and social cohesion, may be useful in improving HIV testing uptake among men who have sex with men (MSM). This study aimed to evaluate the impact of solidarity on HIV testing before the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and HIV testing willingness during COVID-19 among MSM in China. Materials and Methods: An online survey was conducted to collect sociodemographic, sexual behavioral, and solidarity items' information from the participants. We first used factor analysis to reveal the principal component of the solidarity items and then used logistic regression to study the impact of solidarity on HIV testing, by adjusting the possible confounding factors, such as age and education. Results: Social cohesion and community connectedness were revealed by the factor analysis. MSM with high community connectedness were more willing to undergo HIV testing before the epidemic adjusted by age [odds ratio (OR): 1.07, 95% CI: 1.01-1.13]. The community connectedness was also related to the willingness of HIV testing during the epidemic, with adjustments of 1.09 (95% CI: 1.03-1.15). People who did not test for HIV before the COVID-19 epidemic were more willing to have the HIV test during the epidemic, which was correlated with the community connectedness, and the OR value was 1.14 (95%: 1.03-1.25). Conclusion: A high level of community connectedness helped to increase the HIV testing rate before COVID-19 and the willingness of HIV testing during the epidemic among MSM. Strategies can strengthen the role of the community in the management and service of MSM.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , HIV Infections , Sexual and Gender Minorities , Cross-Sectional Studies , HIV Infections/diagnosis , HIV Infections/epidemiology , HIV Testing , Homosexuality, Male , Humans , Male , SARS-CoV-2
18.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 18(23)2021 12 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1554918

ABSTRACT

The Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, immigrant status and being a member of the LGBT+ community are all independent factors associated with increased stress levels. Few studies provide more complex analysis on this issue, and there has been no research on the cumulative burden of perceived stress that people belonging to both minorities experience in the current epidemiological situation. The aim of this study was to assess the ability to deal with an external situation during the third wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in Poland in the following groups with different stress levels (total sample n = 370): Polish heterosexual men (n = 202), heterosexual men from Ukraine (n = 131) and homo- and bisexual men (men who have sex with men-MSM) from Ukraine (n = 37). A Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10) was used. The analysis of the survey did not show statistically significant differences between the three study groups in the general level of perceived stress (24.71, 24.77 and 26.49 points, respectively, p = 0.551), but it revealed numerous differences in coping with various aspects of everyday functioning between these groups. Negative assessment of one's own health proved to be the main factor negatively affecting the level of perceived stress, however specific health risks, medical history or the participants' previous experience have not been taken into account in the study. Our research shows differences in the needs, resources and methods of coping with stress between men who are Polish citizens and migrants from Ukraine, both heterosexual and belonging to the MSM group. Proper identification and addressing of these needs, taking into account different availability of health services, could be the responsibility of NGOs or insurance providers. This should result in the reduction of mental health burdens and the risk of developing serious mental disorders, and consequently in better functioning of persons belonging to minorities and in a reduced burden on the health care system.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Sexual and Gender Minorities , Cross-Sectional Studies , Homosexuality, Male , Humans , Male , Pandemics , Poland/epidemiology , SARS-CoV-2 , Stress, Psychological/epidemiology
19.
Psychol Sex Orientat Gend Divers ; 8(2): 201-212, 2021 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1528005

ABSTRACT

Sexual minority men (SMM) disproportionately experience psychosocial risk factors and comorbid health concerns (e.g., HIV infection) that increase their vulnerability to COVID-19 infection and distress. The current study applied a socioecological approach to the Health Belief model to understand associations among perceived risk, optimistic bias (a perceived lower risk relative to similar others), united action (perceived community capacity for collective action) and COVID-19 behavioral prevention strategies among COVID-19-negative adult cisgender SMM. Participants (n = 859), recruited via a geo-location-based dating app in May 2020, completed an online survey. Results indicated significant interactions between perceived risk and optimistic bias on social distancing (B = -.03, p < .05), and between perceived risk and united action on number of preventive precautions (B = -.01, p < .01) and number of casual sex partners (B= -.20, p < .05). At low and average levels of perceived risk, socioecological constructs were positively associated with behavioral prevention strategies. At average levels of perceived risk and above, united action was negatively associated with number of casual sex partners, demonstrating evidence of the interaction between perception of interpersonal and community factors and perceptions of one's own risk. These findings may help to inform how to mobilize increased engagement in COVID-19 behavioral prevention strategies among cisgender SMM.

20.
Arch Sex Behav ; 51(1): 303-314, 2022 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1514039

ABSTRACT

Prior research has highlighted the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on HIV prevention services within the U.S., but few studies have explored this impact through an exploratory, qualitative lens. In this study, we sought to highlight the voices of young sexual minority men (YSMM) 17-24 years old and explored the perceived impact of the pandemic on HIV prevention among a diverse, nationwide sample of YSMM who participated in synchronous online focus group discussions between April and September 2020. Forty-one YSMM described the negative effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on HIV testing and prevention services, including limited and disrupted access to HIV testing, HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), and HIV post-exposure prophylaxis. COVID-19-related challenges were compounded by ongoing, pre-COVID-19 barriers experienced by YSMM in the U.S. For instance, many YSMM relocated back home with family, causing men to avoid HIV prevention services for fear of outing themselves to relatives. YSMM also worried about placing their family at increased risk of COVID-19 by attending clinical appointments. YSMM who did seek HIV prevention services, including access to PrEP, experienced significant barriers, including limited appointment availability and services not tailored to YSMM. Further efforts are needed to support YSMM re-engaging in HIV prevention during and after the COVID-19 era.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , HIV Infections , Sexual and Gender Minorities , Adolescent , Adult , Focus Groups , HIV Infections/diagnosis , HIV Infections/drug therapy , HIV Infections/prevention & control , HIV Testing , Homosexuality, Male , Humans , Male , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Young Adult
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