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1.
Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences ; JOUR(2-A):No Pagination Specified, 84.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2101753

ABSTRACT

This dissertation explores everyday interactions and opportunities for teachers and families to collaborate in spite of forces that often put Black families and schools at odds in one predominantly Black elementary school. I examine interactions among Black families and teachers to consider how organizational norms, values, and routines influence the nature of these interactions. My exploration of interactions is guided by a framework that links anti-blackness, critical race theory, and institutional theory to examine how practices and policies enable or inhibit family engagement. Using portraiture and critical race methodology, I provide a rich portrait of one school community striving to engage families, reduce chronic absenteeism, and maintain staff moral amidst unprecedented changes spurred by COVID-19. Examining the day-to day realities within one school community revealed that there are routine practices and policies that constrain interactions among Black families and Black teachers. Yet, these practices and policies also enhanced interactions by prompting advocacy and subversive action. I conclude by contending that anti-Black schooling is habitual. I show how the enactment of race-neutral policies and practices led to anti-Black outcomes and I connect these policies and practices to the interactions that took place throughout one school community during the 2020-2021 school year. Ultimately, I assert that schooling for Black students, namely those in resource deprived schools, is rife with anti-blackness that demands Black people exude Black goodness to succeed, and at times, merely survive. This study contributes to research, policy, and practice conversations on segregated schooling, racialized organizations, and family-school relations. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

2.
Masyarakat Kebudayaan Dan Politik ; JOUR(4):496-513, 35.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2100631

ABSTRACT

The paper aims to examine how the Indonesian Ministry of Health utilizes Instagram for communicating the message regarding the COVID-19 vaccine. The widespread awareness, access, and acceptance in Indonesia of COVID-19 vaccines is a social and communication endeavor that is a highly essential consideration of spreading the messages to millions of people. The authors gathered data of Instagram posts from January 1 - May 31, 2021. The data were classified into three groups;risks and crisis information, self-efficiency and sense-making, campaign, events, and activities. The authors applied van Dijk's critical discourse analysis concept of macrostructure, superstructure, and microstructure. The results show that the Instagram posts of the Indonesian Ministry of Health regarding the COVID-19 vaccine are classified into several sub-themes of each group. The Indonesian Ministry of Health's Instagram account uses a public information model to disseminate COVID-19 vaccination information, according to the message dissemination strategy. It applies one-way communication and indicates that the use of Instagram as a communication channel for promoting COVID-19 vaccinations has not been optimized. Another developing discourse on the Instagram account is that health workers have been prioritized and portrayed as the pandemic's hero.

3.
American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy ; JOUR(21):1956-1959, 79.
Article in English | CINAHL | ID: covidwho-2097305

ABSTRACT

In the article, the author discusses the challenges and opportunities facing the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP) in serving their patients by using the lessons learned from the coronavirus pandemic. Other topics include the valuable healthcare services provided by pharmacy professionals, and the accomplishments of ASHP in 2021, including the 5% increase in membership and launching exceptional advocacy projects.

4.
Health Policy Plan ; 2022 Oct 29.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2097349

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the literature on public health interventions and health outcomes in the context of epidemic and pandemic response has grown immensely. However, relatively few of these studies have situated their findings within the institutional, political, organizational, and governmental (IPOG) context in which interventions and outcomes exist. This conceptual mapping scoping study synthesized the published literature on the impact of IPOG factors on epidemic and pandemic response and critically examined definitions and uses of the terms IPOG in this literature. This research involved a comprehensive search of four databases across the social, health, and biomedical sciences as well as multi-level eligibility screening conducted by two independent reviewers. Data on the temporal, geographic, and topical range of studies were extracted, then descriptive statistics were calculated to summarize these data. Hybrid inductive and deductive qualitative analysis of the full-text articles was conducted to critically analyze the definitions and uses of these terms in the literature. The searches retrieved 4,918 distinct articles; 65 met the inclusion criteria and were thus reviewed. These articles were published from 2004 to 2022, were mostly written about COVID-19 (61.5%), and most frequently engaged with the concept of governance (36.9%) in relation to epidemic and pandemic response. Emergent themes related to the variable use of the investigated terms, the significant increase in relevant literature published amidst the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as a lack of consistent definitions used across all four terms: institutions, politics, organizations, and governance. This study revealed opportunities for health systems researchers to further engage in interdisciplinary work with fields such as law and political science, to become more forthright in defining factors which shape responses to epidemics and pandemics, and to develop greater consistency in using these IPOG terms in order to lessen confusion among a rapidly growing body of literature.

5.
Public Management Review ; JOUR: 1-20,
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2083057

ABSTRACT

Street Level Bureaucrat (SLB) and Conservation of Resources theories are used to develop measures for Public Value (PV) and a higher-order construct comprising psychological capacities and behavioural capabilities - HERO-INE, and to test whether it is an antecedent of Public Service Motivation (PSM) and Public Value (PV) using data from 259 SLBs working in Australian healthcare collected at two points in time and analysed using Structural Equation Modelling. HERO-INE, PSM, and in-role behaviour explained approximately 40% of the SLBs' PV. The implication is that organizations must ensure that SLBs have the psychological and behavioural capabilities to deliver PV.

6.
Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice ; JOUR
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2082508

ABSTRACT

The enormous scale of suffering, breadth of societal impact, and ongoing uncertainty wrought by the COVID-19 pandemic introduced dynamics seldom examined in the crisis entrepreneurship literature. Previous research indicates that when a crisis causes a failure of public goods, spontaneous citizen ventures often emerge to leverage unique local knowledge to rapidly customize abundant external resources to meet immediate needs. However, as outsiders, emergent citizen groups responding to the dire shortage of personal protective equipment at the onset of COVID-19 lacked local knowledge and legitimacy. In this study, we examine how entrepreneurial citizens mobilized collective resources in attempts to gain acceptance and meet local needs amid the urgency of the pandemic. Through longitudinal case studies of citizen groups connected to makerspaces in four U.S. cities, we study how they adapted to address the resource and legitimacy limitations they encountered. We identify three mechanisms-augmenting, circumventing, and attenuating-that helped transient citizen groups calibrate their resource mobilization based on what they learned over time. We highlight how extreme temporality imposes limits on resourcefulness and legitimation, making it critical for collective entrepreneurs to learn when to work within their limitations rather than try to overcome them.

7.
Canadian Public Policy ; JOUR
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2082479

ABSTRACT

The disastrous effects of the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic have demonstrated the need for comprehensive reform of the policy, regulatory, and financing regimes of long-term care in Canada, including strengthening the non-profit component of the care system. In this article, we assess the implications of the evolution of Ontario's long-term-care policy on non-profit providers. We analyze the revenue trends and financial health of charitable long-term-care homes (LTCHs) from 2004 to 2017. Although the general pattern is one of revenue stability for non-profit LTCHs, their financial robustness has become more constrained over time as a result of greater reliance on government funding and declining philanthropy.

8.
Tanzania Journal of Health Research ; 23:2, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2080698

ABSTRACT

Background: Building trust in the government and intention to get vaccinated against COVID-19 is as important as developing a safe vaccine to contain the pandemic. Purpose: The study aimed to examine the associations between the intention to vaccinate against COVID-19 and the people's trust in the government, and compare both concepts based on the subject's characteristics.

9.
Industrial and Organizational Psychology: Perspectives on Science and Practice ; 15(3):361-364, 2022.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2076934

ABSTRACT

Comments on an article by Annika Wilcox et al. (see record 2023-01470-003). Although we appreciate and agree with the conclusions that come to in their review of the literature related to cybervetting, our intention in this response is to discuss the potential utility of cybervetting in a post-COVID world in which fully remote employment is much more prevalent. Specifically, we draw parallels to other contexts in which individuals interact completely remotely successfully and highlight how such arrangements can actually be beneficial-rather than detrimental-to employees with stigmatized identities or characteristics. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

10.
Tec Empresarial ; 16(3):72-91, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2072332

ABSTRACT

This research evaluates response strategies to crisis communication, in terms of perceived risks, in organizations during the Covid-19 pandemic by studying the main discussion topics in social media. The data was collected from Twitter between March and April 2020. By using big data software, a total number of 3559255 tweets in different languages were extracted worldwide from Twitter API of popular hashtags on the Covid-19 pandemic. The data processing was carried out through the association of terms in order to identify patterns and relationships in the discussion topics. The results indicate that the relationships of the terms "crisis" and "risks" were statistically significant with seven important topics for businesses, users, and consumers: "business", "economic and financial", "social"," health"," work"," family" and "government";and in turn these seven topics are related to other terms related to the impact of the crisis, the response to the crisis, aid, the watch out, and support. This research has implications for the situational crisis communication theory by showing that in situations with high perceived risk, such as the Covid-19 pandemic crisis, the use of crisis response strategies predominates in organizations. This research also has implications for managers who can use crisis response strategies to rebuild their reputation and avoid market losses, thus helping to reduce the effects of unpredictable crisis situations.

11.
International Studies Perspectives ; 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2070122

ABSTRACT

Why do some international agreements fail to achieve their goals? Rather than states' engaging in cheap talk, evasion, or shallow commitments, the World Health Organization's (WHO) International Health Regulations (IHR)-the agreement governing states' and WHO's response to global health emergencies-point to the unintended consequences of information provision. The IHR have a dual goal of providing public health protection from health threats while minimizing unnecessary interference in international traffic. As such, during major outbreaks WHO provides information about spread and severity, as well as guidance about how states should respond, primarily regarding border policies. During COVID-19, border restrictions such as entry restrictions, flight suspensions, and border closures have been commonplace even though WHO recommended against such policies when it declared the outbreak a public health emergency in January 2020. Building on findings from the 2014 Ebola outbreak, we argue that without raising the cost of disregarding (or the benefits of following) recommendations against border restrictions, information from WHO about outbreak spread and severity leads states to impose border restrictions inconsistent with WHO's guidance. Using new data from COVID-19, we show that WHO's public health emergency declaration and pandemic announcement are associated with increases in the number of states imposing border restrictions.

12.
Journal of Personal Selling & Sales Management ; : 1-15, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2069986

ABSTRACT

Drawing on the institutional logics perspective and evidence from 21 first wave and 11 second wave interviews with sales professionals, we offer a framework of salesperson responses to changes occurring in the sales field due to COVID-19. We find that salespeople acknowledge that the pandemic could lead to a new dominant logic (i.e., belief systems, principles, unwritten rules, and practices that guide behavior of sales professionals across the field) that differs from the previous logic. Consistent with the institutional logics perspective, we find support that salespeople choose to either (1) defy the new logic, (2) comply with the new logic, or (3) blend both new and old approaches. We find that the extent and nature to which salespeople change their behavior(s) to align with a new logic can be explained by whether they cast the disruption as a demand or an opportunity. However, factors including organizational support and salesperson perceptions of their own capabilities may serve as a buffer when disruptions are perceived as new job demands. We also find that early career salespeople are more likely to accept new logics.

13.
CORONAVIRUS POLITICS: The Comparative Politics and Policy of COVID-19 ; : 34-50, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2068108
14.
Sustainability ; 14(19):12623, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2066439

ABSTRACT

Most research states that implementing environmental, social, and governance (ESG) has positive impacts. However, fewer studies have discussed ESG implementation in higher education. This study aimed to develop instruments to assess the ESG atmosphere in higher education institutions. A modified Delphi approach was employed. Experts were invited from a private higher education institution in Indonesia. A deductive study, discussion, and two stages of getting consensus from panelists were conducted. The instrument was distinguished into four types for four groups of higher education stakeholders: Students, Staff, Faculty Members, and Community Members. The I-CVIs ranged from 0.80–1.00, while the minimum values of S-CVI/Ave and S-CVI/UA were 0.98 and 0.91, respectively, meaning the content validity was excellent. The final version instrument has been tested and declared valid, reliable, and ready to be used for empirical research for universities to assess their contribution to the Sustainability Development Goals (SDGs). There are also opportunities to conduct further research on the existence of recursive and non-recursive models between factors.

15.
Sustainability ; 14(19):12132, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2066384

ABSTRACT

Considering the emergency risks and uncertainties of emergency recycling processes, this research builds a tripartite evolutionary game model of government, logistics enterprises, and environmental non-governmental organizations (NGOs) to study the interaction mechanism. Based on the analysis of evolutionary stable strategy (ESS), this research uses MATLAB R2018b to mainly show the strategy choice trends of logistics enterprises in various scenarios including “Government Failure”, as well as the mutual impacts of government and environmental NGOs’ strategy selection. The research found that (1) the government has an important role in efficiently promoting logistics enterprises’ participation;(2) the net benefits of logistics enterprises and environmental NGOs, as key factors that directly affect the game results, are influenced by emergency risks and uncertainty, respectively;(3) environmental NGOs not only play an effective complementary role to government functions, including in the “Government Failure” context, but can also urge the government to perform regulatory functions. This research enriches the study in the field of the combination of evolutionary game theory and reverse emergency logistics as well as providing a reference for the government in developing economic and administrative policies to optimize the recycling and disposal of emergency relief.

16.
Sustainability ; 14(3):1156, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1680086

ABSTRACT

The distribution of medical supplies tied to the government-owned nonprofit organizations (GNPOs) is crucial to the sustainable and high-quality development of emergency response to public health emergencies. This paper constructs a two-sided GNPO–hospital game model in a Chinese context, and explores the strategies and influencing factors of medical supply distribution in public health emergencies based on evolutionary game theory. The results show that: (1) GNPOs, as the distributor of medical supplies, should choose strategies that balance efficiency and equity as much as possible. (2) Hospitals, as the recipient of medical supplies, should actively choose strategies that maximize the total benefit to society and strengthen trust in GNPOs. Meanwhile, hospital managers need to pay attention to reducing the impact of communication and coordination costs and strive for the reduction of conflicts between different values. (3) The government should strengthen supervision to avoid conflicts between medical distributors and receivers during a public health emergency and ensure the rescue efficiency. This study provides some reference for the sustainable development of emergency relief in public health emergencies.

17.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 89(1): 359-366, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2065414

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Disease modifying treatments (DMTs) currently under development for Alzheimer's disease, have the potential to prevent or postpone institutionalization and more expensive care and might delay institutionalization of persons with dementia. OBJECTIVE: The current study estimates costs of living in a nursing home for persons with dementia in the Netherlands to help inform economic evaluations of future DMTs. METHODS: Data were collected during semi-structured interviews with healthcare professionals and from the financial administration of a healthcare organization with several nursing homes. Personnel costs were calculated using a bottom-up approach by valuing the time estimates. Non-personnel costs were calculated using information from the financial administration of the healthcare organization. RESULTS: Total costs of a person with dementia per 24 hours, including both care staff and other healthcare providers, were € 151 for small-scale living wards and € 147 for independent living wards. Non-personnel costs were € 37 per day. CONCLUSION: This study provides Dutch estimates for total healthcare costs per day for institutionalized persons with dementia. These cost estimates can be used in cost-effectiveness analyses for future DMTs in dementia.


Subject(s)
Dementia , Dementia/epidemiology , Dementia/therapy , Health Care Costs , Humans , Institutionalization , Netherlands/epidemiology , Nursing Homes
18.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(19)2022 Sep 29.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2065971

ABSTRACT

The Greater New York City area ranks highest in the United States in the number of nail salon technicians, primarily Asian immigrant women. Nail salon technicians are exposed to toxic phthalates and volatile organic compounds daily in nail salons. The purpose of this pilot study was to measure a mixture of phthalates and volatile organic compounds in nail salons in the Greater New York City area, and to characterize work-related determinants of indoor air quality in these nail salons. Working with four Asian nail salon organizations in the Greater New York City area, we measured indoor air phthalates and volatile organic compounds at 20 nail salons from February to May 2021 using silicone wristbands and passive samplers, respectively. Nail salon characteristics were also examined. We measured six phthalates and 31 volatile organic compounds. Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate and Diethyl phthalate had the highest concentrations among the six phthalates measured. Concentrations of toluene, d-limonene, methyl methacrylate, and ethyl methacrylate were higher than that of the rest. Manicure/pedicure tables, the number of customers per day, and application of artificial nail (acrylic) services were positively associated with the levels of phthalates and volatile organic compounds. Given the large number of people employed in the nail industry and the even larger number of customers visiting such establishments, exposures to these toxic chemicals are likely to be widespread.


Subject(s)
Air Pollution, Indoor , Occupational Exposure , Volatile Organic Compounds , Air Pollution, Indoor/analysis , Female , Humans , Limonene , Methacrylates , New York City , Occupational Exposure/analysis , Phthalic Acids , Pilot Projects , Silicones , Toluene/analysis , Volatile Organic Compounds/analysis
19.
23rd Annual International Conference on Digital Government Research: Intelligent Technologies, Governments and Citizens, DGO 2022 ; : 235-243, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2064295

ABSTRACT

Over the past decade, Open Government Data (OGD) strategies have become a continuing concern in administrative services. This is even truer than at any time. Given the current situation, data management, specifically consistent data publication, has been central to public institutions. The Covid-19 pandemic has shown that data collected by public administrations could make valuable contributions. However, in Switzerland, the pandemic has highlighted the limitations of public organizations' capability to lead the publication of their data. Based on an ethnography and a literature review, this paper explores how data governance components impact OGD publication process and presents a model of OGD governance. For this purpose, we identify key data governance components necessary to OGD publication-structural, procedural, and relational-And illustrate how OGD challenges rarely arise from the publication of OGD or the open nature of data itself, but a lack of data governance. © 2022 ACM.

20.
10th IEEE International Conference on Healthcare Informatics, ICHI 2022 ; : 384-392, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2063252

ABSTRACT

Patient portals have been around for decades, but only became widely available to patients in the last 10 years as cultural shifts (i.e., patient-centered care) and policies (e.g., HITECH Act) encouraged healthcare organizations to offer patients electronic access to their medical records, as well as digital health services such as secure messaging with their healthcare team. Unfortunately, despite high interest among patients, research has documented generally slow uptake and low levels of use. However, the COVID-19 pandemic has brought new incentives to adopt and use portals (e.g., to access video visits, COVID-19 test results). While evidence from some healthcare organizations suggests that this has translated to higher patient engagement with portals, there have not been national-level studies to investigate this. Our cross-sectional survey addresses that gap by assessing a sample of U.S. adults' use, perceptions of, and satisfaction with patient portals at the end of 2021. We found high levels of portal awareness, adoption, and use, as well as satisfaction among survey participants that, in many cases, exceeds what has been found in past surveys of U.S. adults. In addition, while we did find some evidence of some disparities in portal adoption and use (e.g., lower adoption among those with lower levels of education completed), many of the factors that have been found in previous literature such as race were not associated with portal engagement in this study. Our results provide early evidence that there may finally be some progress in portal adoption and use, but more research is needed to understand what is driving this and whether and how this progress can be maintained post-pandemic. Addressing common patient concerns and suggestions may be one path forward. © 2022 IEEE.

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