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1.
Psychoanalytic Psychology ; : No Pagination Specified, 2022.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2160160

ABSTRACT

As the COVID-19 pandemic took hold of the United States, pregnant women and mothers of infants were among those most affected by fears of the virus, the disruption of health care systems, social isolation, and the collapse of social supports. This article describes how a group of psychoanalysts and psychoanalytic therapists in a community outreach initiative, the SPRING Project, worked to meet these mental health needs by providing affordable psychotherapy at this critical time. Two case reports highlight the ways the pandemic magnified postpartum distress as well as the relevance and efficacy of a psychodynamic clinical approach in resolving such distress. In addition, the author chronicles how early in the pandemic the SPRING Project launched support groups for pregnant women. Participants in this virtual village helped offset the painful isolation of these women and supported their emotional development during their pregnancies. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

2.
Journal of Education and Health Promotion ; 11(1), 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2155536

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: There have been criticisms that local authorities develop disaster planning independently, which led to less sensitiveness and responsibility of community-based organizations (CBOs). Disasters planning should incorporate into CBOs' management processes. This study aims to set goals of a community-based plan based on preparedness capacities that CBOs need to have in the COVID-19 pandemic. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study used a prevalidated and reliable questionnaire assessing (CBOs). The tool assesses preparedness in the field of planning, training, and infrastructure. Forty CBOs met the inclusion criteria as assisting or cooperating agencies during the COVID-19 pandemic. Then, key informants, who simultaneously have been working in the health system and CBOs, prioritized low-scale items that have shown capacity gaps according to effects on the vulnerable group, sustainability, and capability of the health system. Descriptive statistics performed using SPSS18 software (SPSS Inc., Chicago, USA). RESULTS: The results showed that the preparedness of CBOs was weak in the field of planning, training, and infrastructure. Besides, overlaps of CBOs' resources and covering the clients' medical needs in the COVID-19 pandemic were the most priority that needs to be intervened. CONCLUSION: Providing medical needs by CBOs require legal legitimacy assigned by health authority, especially in epidemic-prone diseases. In addition, assigning a coordinator to set a priority list and mutual agreements authoried by health departments can solve the problem of overlapped resources. Therefore, functional roles of CBOs in the pandemic should focus mostly on resource allocation and the medical needs of clients to set goals and functional objectives.

3.
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment ; 1046, 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2131973

ABSTRACT

The Cosmic Ray Cube is a portable tracking device conceived for outreach activities allowing a direct scientific experience for secondary school students. In the context of the PTOLEMY project, the detector was used to measure the differential muon flux inside the bunker of Monte Soratte, a suitable location at about 50 km north of Rome (Italy). Its simple operation was crucial to finalise the measurements, carried out during the Covid-19 lockdown in a site devoid of scientific equipment. The fine scanning of the differential muon rate highlights the details of the mountain above the bunker providing a map of the thickness of the rock which surrounds the detector. The result shows a muon flux at the Soratte hypogeum of about two orders of magnitude lower than the one observed on the surface. © 2022 Elsevier B.V.

4.
J Immigr Minor Health ; 2022 Nov 22.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2128929

ABSTRACT

We examined the impact of COVID-19 on Black barbershops and their potential role as public health extenders. A 30-item survey was distributed to predominantly Black barbershop owners and barbers across 40 different states/territories in the US between June and October 2020. The survey addressed the impact of COVID-19 on Black barbershops, and barbers' interest in engaging in health outreach programs. The majority reported that stay-at-home orders had significant to severe impact on their business; few were prepared for the financial impact and less than half thought they qualified for government assistance. The majority were already providing health education and outreach to the Black community and showed interest in continuing to provide such services, like information on COVID-19. Barbers in Black-serving barbershops, a well-documented effective place for public health outreach to the Black community, show promise as public health extenders in the response to the COVID-19 pandemic.

5.
Journal of Chemical Education ; 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2121794

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic is also an infodemic, which has brought scientists closer to the popular media, highlighting the need for training in public communication of science and technology. A virtual magazine environment based on this scenario was simulated during a science communication course attended by first-year undergraduate chemistry students, who assumed the role of science journalists. The instructor, in the role of editor, organized a special issue on chemistry and COVID-19 and structured the activities into science communication classes, agenda building, interviews with nonexperts, writing popular science texts, peer reviews, and online publishing. Fifty-eight popular science texts were produced on different topics of chemistry related to the pandemic. The activity contributed to improving communication, information literacy, and media and technology which are the 21st skills for science education.

6.
American Journal of Infection Control ; 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-2120432

ABSTRACT

Background The University of Illinois Chicago (UIC) COVID-19 Contact Tracing and Epidemiology Program was critical to the university's COVID-19 incident response during the 2020-2021 academic year. We are a team of epidemiologists and student contact tracers who perform COVID-19 contact tracing among campus members. Literature is sparse on models for mobilizing non-clinical students as contact tracers;therefore, we aim to disseminate strategies that are adaptable by other institutions. Methods We described essential aspects of our program including surveillance testing, staffing and training models, interdepartmental partnerships, and workflows. Additionally, we analyzed the epidemiology of COVID-19 at UIC and measures of contact tracing effectiveness. Results The program was responsible for promptly quarantining 120 cases prior to converting and potentially infecting others, thereby preventing at least 132 downstream exposures and 22 COVID-19 infections from occurring. Discussion Features central to program success included routine data translation and dissemination and utilizing students as indigenous campus contact tracers. Major operational challenges included high staff turnover and adjusting to rapidly evolving public health guidance. Conclusions Institutes of higher education provide fertile ground for effective contact tracing, particularly when comprehensive networks of partners facilitate compliance with institution-specific public health requirements.

7.
Optics Education and Outreach Vii ; 12213, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2097888

ABSTRACT

New media, like the video-sharing application TikTok, are powerful tools for optics education and outreach on a large scale. Public optics outreach is crucial for spreading awareness of the industry and developing the workforce that will tackle the photonics challenges of tomorrow. This paper will cover the strategies that Edmund Optics used to build and scale a company-sponsored optics educational outreach TikTok program that currently has over 35,000 followers and receives up to 2 million views per video. The benefits of launching such a program for any company, educational institution, or national lab and key selling features to get executive buy in are also discussed. Additional benefits to launching such a program include the development of employee/student communication skills, brand awareness both inside and outside of the photonics industry, and improving brand image. With 1.4 billion global users, TikTok presents a promising platform for simultaneously reaching a large audience while targeting people who have demonstrated an interest in STEM topics. Sharing the outreach content made on TikTok across professional platforms like LinkedIn also leads to industry awareness, respect, and collaboration outside the scope of the common perception of TikTok as a casual, business-to-consumer medium. Meeting students, parents, and communities on the platforms they already use greatly simplifies building an audience for educational content. The Edmund Optics TikTok program was started as an experiment during school closures caused by COVID-19 but has now cemented itself as an integral part of the company's larger outreach program.

8.
Optics Education and Outreach Vii ; 12213, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2097885

ABSTRACT

When the Covid19 pandemic closed schools including K-12 and colleges, hands-on science labs and outreach events were also canceled. The question was how to continue to engage students and adults of all ages in optics outreach while they were at home and school lab equipment was not available. Our solution was to provide optics at-home workshops that teachers and students could do with their families using readily available items. The authors with the assistance Optica (formerly The Optical Society, OSA) developed and presented a series of eight outreach workshops through the We Are On program.

9.
Palgrave Studies in Comics and Graphic Novels ; : 97-121, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2085227

ABSTRACT

The public outreach at the Roman city of Aeclanum (Mirabella Eclano, Italy) has contributed to local engagement with the archaeological site. Through engagement work for the archaeological park’s open days, and in the local schools, an online suite of materials for enhanced public awareness was created. The project discussed here explored communication—to educate and promote the site—between archaeologists and the public through illustrations, creating a cohesive body of outreach materials through a comic medium. It culminated in a comic book, Vita Romana, for the Aeclanum archaeological park, and supplemental learning materials which have since acquired new utility in the context of the Covid-19 pandemic. This chapter will discuss project aims, methodology and outcomes and conclude with reflections on challenges, areas for improvement and spaces for further exploration. © 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

10.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(20)2022 Oct 16.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2071466

ABSTRACT

Telehealth allows older adults to take control over their health and preventive care; however, they are less likely to use telehealth. Minority older adults use telehealth services less than their White counterparts. During COVID-19, the U.S. Medicare system allowed for telehealth delivery of Annual Wellness Visits, which are known to improve use of preventive services. To increase telehealth use, we targeted vulnerable, low-income, minority older adults and provided education to improve knowledge of and identify barriers to telehealth use. Ultimately, this could serve as a means of improving health and preventive care services. Participants resided at independent living facilities, low-income housing, and elders of the Native American coalition; N = 257. Participants received written education materials; a subset attended a 20-min presentation. In this quasi-experimental study, participants completed a pre-post survey. Results were analyzed using Chi-Squared and Fisher's Exact tests. Participants included 54 'in-person' and 203 'at-home' learners. Most were female (79%), single/widowed (51%), and white (65%). At baseline, 39% were familiar with telehealth; following education 73% stated understanding on accessing telehealth. Nearly 40% of participants said they would use telehealth in the future; a larger proportion of "in-person" (73%) learners were willing to use telehealth than "at-home" learners (41%) (p = 0.001). Divorced older adults and Blacks voiced greater likelihoods of using telehealth than their married/widowed and White counterparts, respectively (Χ2(3, N = 195) = 9.693, p = 0.02), (p = 0.01). This education program demonstrates an increase likelihood in health promotion among older adults by increasing confidence in accessing and future use of telehealth; therefore, we achieved our aim of promoting telehealth use and improving health promotion.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Telemedicine , Female , Aged , Humans , United States , Male , COVID-19/epidemiology , Medicare , Telemedicine/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Poverty
12.
Intensive Crit Care Nurs ; : 103331, 2022 Oct 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2061238

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Safety briefings can help promoting situational awareness, interprofessional communication and improve patient safety. LOCAL PROBLEM: A clinical survey highlighted that 90% of the participants including the medical team and the critical care outreach team nurses perceived the meeting for escalating acutely ill and deteriorating patients during the out-of-hours period (20.00 to 08.00) to have unconstructive and unwelcoming atmosphere with belittling, hostility and unhelpful criticisms. The participants reported that the communication across teams lacked in structure and clear information given; but staff also self-reported lacking confidence in communicating key issues. METHOD: A quality improvement project with Plan-Do-Study-Act was adopted to design and implement a dedicated multidisciplinary safety briefing with a structured format. RESULTS: The multidisciplinary safety briefing was to 90% of clinicians, and it took a median of 10 min to complete. Delayed referrals to the critical care outreach team were reduced by 46%. Positive changes included increased situational awareness and clearer communication across teams. Barriers identified were variable usage and need for face-to-face presence. Considering all the findings and the time constraint during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, we changed to a telephonic safety briefing directly to the team leaders. CONCLUSION: A structured multidisciplinary safety briefing can improve patient safety and support management of deteriorating and acutely ill patients on the wards during the out-of-hours period.

13.
Health Promot Pract ; : 15248399221118892, 2022 Oct 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2053751

ABSTRACT

A SWOT (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats) analysis is a strategic planning and management technique used for project planning. It is sometimes called situational assessment or situational analysis. We applied this tool (with some adaptations) effectively in a health promotion/public health education intervention project in the Paso del Norte region. This region is composed of a predominantly Hispanic population and is marked by a dynamic flow of residents across the border. In this milieu, COVID-19 has disproportionately impacted communities of color and individuals who are economically and socially marginalized. The University of Texas at El Paso (UTEP) has partnered with the National COVID-19 Resilience Network (NCRN) to mitigate the impact of COVID-19 among farm and food production workers (i.e., farmworkers, dairy, and meat packing workers) in El Paso, Doña Ana, and Moore counties. Intervention strategies include: (1) providing culturally and linguistically appropriate COVID-19 information, (2) disseminating protective equipment, and (3) ensuring access to COVID-19 vaccines. After completing year 1 of the project, we conducted a multiple-level SWOT analysis to evaluate, gather insights, and develop actionable strategies that would allow better service delivery to our priority population. We provide this case study to illustrate how a SWOT analysis can be a useful tool for practitioners engaged in the practice of evaluating health promotion and disease prevention programs. Even when attention and energy is absorbed in the immediate course of action, a SWOT analysis can help to achieve positive and effective collaborations resulting in strong service levels.

14.
129th ASEE Annual Conference and Exposition: Excellence Through Diversity, ASEE 2022 ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2047018

ABSTRACT

GEMS (Girls in Engineering, Math, and Science) is a free STEAM and programming summer camp and after-school robotics club that focuses on educating girls about the fields of STEM. GEMS is divided into two main programs: miniGEMS for rising fifth through eighth middle school students and megaGEMS for rising ninth through twelfth-grade high school students. This paper will provide an overview of a new program within megaGEMS called megaGEMS AEOP (Army Education Outreach Program) for rising eleventh and twelfth-grade high school girls. The camp was initially piloted in the Summer of 2020 during the COVID-19 pandemic as a virtual four-week research camp. For Summer 2021, megaGEMS hosted the inaugural eight-week in-person Apprenticeship Research Camp from June 7-August 6, 2021, for eight rising juniors or seniors. This Apprenticeship Research Camp was held at the Autonomous Vehicle Systems (AVS) Research Laboratories located at the University of the Incarnate Word provided the students with an experiential research camp mentored by both faculty and graduate students in the science of autonomy. The camp was funded through two grants provided by the Army Education Outreach Program. Examples of projects included brain-computer interfacing, virtual reality, and Infrared and LIDAR sensor collection. One apprentice was able to obtain her FAA Part 107 UAS Operator license to collect images using a drone. The camp provided opportunities to expand soft skills, explore college-level research, and community outreach. The apprenticeship curriculum was implemented by undergraduate and graduate students which included: daily Python coding classes, developing quality research skills, improving public speaking, and introducing careers in STEAM. Local female STEM leaders were guest speakers and provided career advice. The program concluded with a research symposium where they presented their research in poster and presentation format. This paper will provide details about recruiting, lessons learned working with students and parents under COVID-19 restrictions and developing research agendas for high school students. © American Society for Engineering Education, 2022.

15.
129th ASEE Annual Conference and Exposition: Excellence Through Diversity, ASEE 2022 ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2045738

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has greatly impacted educators all over the world and a major area of disruption has been the ability for higher education institutions to provide meaningful STEM education activities to the broader community. In this work, methods to adapt materials science outreach activities to meet the needs of students, teachers, and the community at large during the pandemic are explored and outcomes and recommendations are provided. This is accomplished through a focus on three efforts: fully-virtual classroom visits, remote visitation for in-person classrooms, and an innovative hybrid museum tour that showcases materials science in art for general community outreach. Results show that methods developed with restrictions on in-person interaction in place can have benefits in terms of the ability to reach broader audiences while also fostering more consistent interaction between those broader audiences and those conducting outreach. These methods also have the potential to remain effective even following a return to "normal" conditions and thus supplement and positively augment pre-pandemic methods. © American Society for Engineering Education, 2022.

16.
Africa Health ; 43(3):15-16, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2045412

ABSTRACT

This is a brief account of a community project that the medical staff of an urban primary care institution carried out. The goal was to spread knowledge and raise awareness about COVID-19 prevention among the Ghanaian communities that are a part of the Manna Mission Hospital's catchment area in the Ledzokuku Municipality. It has been discovered that community-based health education has a larger effect on the prevention of newly emerging infectious diseases, resulting in a decrease in the occurrence of such diseases. The pandemic caused by COVID-19 is not an exception. Results of a community outreach effort carried out by employees of a Ghanaian urban primary care hospital were emphasised in this paper. Increased health education is required to raise community residents' understanding of COVID-19's impact on public health. This community outreach initiative has raised awareness of COVID-19 prevention and control, handwashing, and facemask use. Many patients who attended the hospital wore face masks, frequently washed their hands with soap and water while it was running, and frequently used alcohol-based hand sanitisers, all signs of increased awareness. To stop the spread of COVID-19 in their communities, the primary healthcare workforce has a crucial role to play.

17.
129th ASEE Annual Conference and Exposition: Excellence Through Diversity, ASEE 2022 ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2045096

ABSTRACT

The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted vital elements of personal and public health, society, and education. Increasingly with the viral pandemic, misinformation on health and science issues has been disseminated online. We developed an undergraduate training program focused on producing and presenting research to combat the rampant spread of this misinformation. Online misinformation represents a complex, multidisciplinary problem. Consequently, recruitment of students to the program was not exclusive to those from Computer Science or Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math (STEM) educational backgrounds. Participants were actively recruited from fields such as Linguistics, Social and Political sciences. This data analytics outreach program aimed to train educationally and demographically diverse undergraduate students in computational techniques and presentation skills through guided research regarding the current burst of misinformation. Over ten weeks, participants were instructed in an online curriculum covering five milestones: Python programming, data processing, machine learning with natural language processing, visualization, and presentation. Subsequently, participants were engaged in Computer Science research analyzing a real-world data set gathered from Twitter™ 1 between January and June 2020. Participants were organized into teams to investigate subtopics within the broader subject of misinformation: 1) detecting social media bot accounts, 2) identifying propaganda with computational methods, and 3) studying the discourse surrounding science preprints (i.e., papers that have been posted to the Internet but have not been peer reviewed). The program culminated in an exposition where each team presented research results to program officers, senior faculty, deans, government officials, and industry experts. Here we present the program curriculum, metrics of educational effectiveness, and feedback collected from participants. © American Society for Engineering Education, 2022.

18.
Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved ; 33(3):1663-1670, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2030816

ABSTRACT

From July 2020 to June 2021, the UC San Diego COVID-19 Small Business Outreach Project conducted COVID-19-related educational outreach to small businesses in high-risk communities of San Diego County and distributed over 1,200 toolkits containing COVID-19-related safety tips, best practices, and a summary of pertinent guidelines and COVID-19 vaccine information.

19.
1st International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Sustainable Engineering Solution, CISES 2022 ; : 433-439, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2018634

ABSTRACT

In the last decade, mobile phones have quickly evolved from being a tool of communication to a key agent of social development because of its widespread reach in urban as well as rural areas, especially in the under-served communities. The underserved communities refer to populations which are disadvantaged because of their lack of ability to access care, ability to pay, ability to access comprehensive healthcare, or other disparities for reasons of race, caste, religion, gender, language group or social or economic status. Mobile phone-based information and communication technologies (ICTs) have proven to be significantly beneficial for this section of society and communities - those living in remote and media-dark areas, people who have mostly remained deprived of critical health-related information - by spreading awareness, facilitating interaction and engagement, which in turn leads to adapting of healthy practices, and strengthening a health-seeking behaviour among the target communities. The secondary effect of this change is clearly reflected in economic and social development as well as health indicators of these families. This paper evaluates the efficacy of the mobile phone-based intervention in spreading awareness about maternal and child health, during the time of COVID-19 pandemic, at a time when physical outreach by health workers to contact pregnant women and lactating mothers was significantly hindered due to restrictions in movement and face to face meetings. The digital media outreach mechanisms aided by ICTs proved to be a strong alternative in this scenario, which can be demonstrated by the wide uptake of this service among the target communities. © 2022 IEEE.

20.
Estudios Del Desarrollo Social-Cuba Y America Latina ; 10:45-51, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1995145

ABSTRACT

The University Outreach Psychological Services for Art Schools is a project of the Centre for Higher Education Studies and Improvement, and the University Outreach Division, of the University of Havana. This project applies the Child and Adolescent Behavior Questionnaire (CABQ) to test psychological aptitudes of Cuban National Ballet School candidates. The CABQ asses typical childhood and adolescence behaviors based on parents or teachers reports. This work explains the potential CABQ relevance as a psychometric instrument for screening of COVID-19 pandemic psychological effects on children and adolescents. The results indicate that the University Outreach Procedures can fulfill the beneficiaries' specific demands while could also be generalized to search suitable solutions to macro-social problems. Overall, this effort brings attention on the need to systematically update University Outreach Procedures to achieve university social responsibility role.

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