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1.
2022 12th International Conference on Applied Physics and Mathematics, ICAPM 2022 ; 2287, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1960903

ABSTRACT

This study finds asymmetric information flow from the crude palm oil (CPO) futures to the West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil futures market despite the CPO futures market's low liquidity and small market capitalization. Our finding is robust regardless of the 2019 Coronavirus outbreak and the asymmetric information flow becomes even unilateral considering the exchange rate risk on the Malaysian Ringgit. Finally, we explain the asymmetric information flow from the CPO futures to WTI futures market given that the impact of speculation on market efficiency crowds out that of liquidity. © Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd.

2.
Global Oils & Fats: Business Magazine ; 18(4):28-32, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1958437

ABSTRACT

This article looks at the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the global palm oil market as well as the post-pandemic outlook for the market. It is indicated that, in the long-term, the post-pandemic outlook for the palm oil industry remains bright. Since the last quarter of 2019, palm oil supply and demand are back in balance, while stocks are declining. Prices have been relatively high for most of 2020 and 2021. Also discussed are the proven benefits of palm oil and the opportunity of the palm oil sector to achieve UN goals.

3.
Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering ; 10(4), 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1945561

ABSTRACT

Advancements in polymer science and engineering have helped the scientific community to shift its attention towards the use of environmentally benign materials for reducing the environmental impact of conventional synthetic plastics. Biopolymers are environmentally benign, chemically versatile, sustainable, biocompatible, biodegradable, inherently functional, and ecofriendly materials that exhibit tremendous potential for a wide range of applications including food, electronics, agriculture, textile, biomedical, and cosmetics. This review also inspires the researchers toward more consumption of biopolymer-based composite materials as an alternative to synthetic composite materials. Herein, an overview of the latest knowledge of different natural- and synthetic-based biodegradable polymers and their fiber-reinforced composites is presented. The review discusses different degradation mechanisms of biopolymer-based composites as well as their sustainability aspects. This review also elucidates current challenges, future opportunities, and emerging applications of biopolymeric sustainable composites in numerous engineering fields. Finally, this review proposes biopolymeric sustainable materials as a propitious solution to the contemporary environmental crisis. © 2022 Elsevier Ltd.

4.
Journal of Agribusiness in Developing and Emerging Economies ; 12(3):425-441, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1922534

ABSTRACT

Purpose>This study aimed to determine the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the oil palm smallholders' income, which includes both on-farm and off-farm resources.Design/methodology/approach>This study used a simultaneous equations system for arranging the oil palm household economic model.Findings>The results showed that the negative effect of demand disruption (decreasing of household income) is more than supply disruption (production declining). Declining household income due to COVID-19 caused farmer households to have no access to both basic need and other goods.Research limitations/implications>The samples for before-pandemic data differed from the situation during COVID-19 in both the location and the person due to technical constraints in research sites.Originality/value>The main contribution of this study was providing an empirical understanding of how the COVID-19 pandemic influences the economic behavior of the most vulnerable entities in the Indonesian palm oil industry (oil palm smallholder farmers' households). This study would provide baseline information on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the economy of oil palm smallholder's household income.

5.
Studies in Systems, Decision and Control ; 435:341-363, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1919595

ABSTRACT

In recent years, palm oil has been established as the most-produced oilseed oil in the world—its production volume has increased from 41 million tons in the 2007/08 season to more than 76 million tons in the 2018/19 season—and a crucial part of the Latin American agro-industrial sector. However, following a slowdown in export growth due to the 2020 COVID-19 lockdown, there is a vital need for sustainable expansion alternatives such as the production of value-added oil-palm products. This chapter presents the business process integration methodology and strategies pursued by a palm oil producer in Peru to optimize the vertical growth of its operational processes within the Latin American palm oil agro-industrial sector, based on the SAP S/4Hana Business Modules: Materials Management (for purchasing), Production Planning (for making), Sales and Distribution (for selling), Controlling (for tracking) and Human Capital Management (for managing staff). © 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

6.
Palm Oil Developments ; 72:27-33, 2020.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1871029

ABSTRACT

This article discusses the impacts of COVID-19 on palm-oil related markets, as well as new market trends and potentials in China after the COVID-19 pandemic. The demand for palm oil as an important ingredient in cooking, food processing and bakery showed an increasing trend, especially after China started to recover from the movement restrictions. Malaysia's export of palm oil to China was initially affected due to breakdowns of supply chain logistics and business suspensions. However, the country recovered from the recession and the demands are expected to grow further.

7.
Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies ; 58(1):1-30, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1788373

ABSTRACT

Domestic and international mobility restrictions helped to reduce the numbers of confirmed Covid-19 cases until the end of 2021. Indonesia entered 2022 with caution, however, as Omicron cases began to rise. Recent success in managing the pandemic has coincided with what might be the start of an economic recovery, in no small part driven by high commodity prices—mainly for coal and palm oil—improving the fiscal and trade balances. The new tax harmonisation law is intended to lower the fiscal deficit to less than 3% of GDP by 2023, and a carbon tax will be implemented in April 2022—starting with a cap-and-tax scheme for coal power plants, before more sectors are included. Agriculture has played a key role in helping Indonesia to weather the pandemic, with the sector’s growth supporting employment and food consumption during the crisis. A resurgence in the palm oil price, together with rising agricultural wages and a narrowing of the labour productivity gap, has helped the agriculture sector lead the recovery, but concerns remain over the sector’s environmental footprint. Against recent food and environmental policy commitments, a renewed focus on increasing on-farm yields is a critical area for policy. We conclude with some reflections on the national palm oil replanting program and how better benefits might be delivered for smallholders and the environment.

8.
International Journal of Environmental Sustainability and Green Technologies ; 13(1):1-5, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1614077

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic had a global impact since it was first discovered in late 2019, in Wuhan, China. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), COVID-19 has affected over 179 million people and killed approximately 3.9 million people in more than 200 countries across the globe (WHO,2021). This outbreak has not only affected people’s lives but also disrupted global supply chains. It has shown significant effects on businesses, consumers, and the global economy. Fear of the virus has led to many companies scrambling to respond regarding employees’ job security, ensuring supply security, risk mitigation strategy, and addressing market uncertainties that are driving down demand. Broadly, the objective of this article is to highlight issues faced by the upstream palm oil supply chain actors during this pandemic. Based on the problem, the study concluded that some forms of actions (short-term & long-term) have been proposed to ensure an agile palm oil supply chain.

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