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1.
JMIR Form Res ; 4(10): e22043, 2020 Oct 23.
Article | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1834119

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has had numerous worldwide effects. In the United States, there have been 8.3 million cases and nearly 222,000 deaths as of October 21, 2020. Based on previous studies of mental health during outbreaks, the mental health of the population will be negatively affected in the aftermath of this pandemic. The long-term nature of this pandemic may lead to unforeseen mental health outcomes and/or unexpected relationships between demographic factors and mental health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: This research focused on assessing the mental health status of adults in the United States during the early weeks of an unfolding pandemic. METHODS: Data was collected from English-speaking adults from early April to early June 2020 using an online survey. The final convenience sample included 1083 US residents. The 71-item survey consisted of demographic questions, mental health and well-being measures, a coping mechanisms checklist, and questions about COVID-19-specific concerns. Hierarchical multivariable logistic regression was used to explore associations among demographic variables and mental health outcomes. Hierarchical linear regression was conducted to examine associations among demographic variables, COVID-19-specific concerns, and mental health and well-being outcomes. RESULTS: Approximately 50% (536/1076) of the US sample was aged ≥45 years. Most of the sample was White (1013/1054, 96%), non-Hispanic (985/1058, 93%), and female (884/1073, 82%). Participants reported high rates of depression (295/1034, 29%), anxiety (342/1007, 34%), and stress (773/1058, 73%). Older individuals were less likely to report depressive symptomology (OR 0.78, P<.001) and anxiety symptomology (OR 0.72, P<.001); in addition, they had lower stress scores (-0.15 points, SE 0.01, P<.001) and increased well-being scores (1.86 points, SE 0.22, P<.001). Individuals who were no longer working due to COVID-19 were 2.25 times more likely to report symptoms of depression (P=.02), had a 0.51-point increase in stress (SE 0.17, P=.02), and a 3.9-point decrease in well-being scores (SE 1.49, P=.009) compared to individuals who were working remotely before and after COVID-19. Individuals who had partial or no insurance coverage were 2-3 times more likely to report depressive symptomology compared to individuals with full coverage (P=.02 and P=.01, respectively). Individuals who were on Medicare/Medicaid and individuals with no coverage were 1.97 and 4.48 times more likely to report moderate or severe anxiety, respectively (P=.03 and P=.01, respectively). Financial and food access concerns were significantly and positively related to depression, anxiety, and stress (all P<.05), and significantly negatively related to well-being (both P<.001). Economy, illness, and death concerns were significantly positively related to overall stress scores (all P<.05). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that many US residents are experiencing high stress, depressive, and anxiety symptomatology, especially those who are underinsured, uninsured, or unemployed. Longitudinal investigation of these variables is recommended. Health practitioners may provide opportunities to allay concerns or offer coping techniques to individuals in need of mental health care. These messages should be shared in person and through practice websites and social media.

2.
Frontiers in Environmental Science ; 10, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1834385

ABSTRACT

This study aims to find the nexuses among energy efficiency, renewable energy consumption, foreign direct investment, logistics industry, manufacturing industry and global trade during the COVID-19 pandemic and their impact on global supply chains in exporting nations of the world. The data for this study has been extracted from the World Development Indicators and Statista 2021 for 13 years ranging from 2007-to 2020 for nine top exporting countries. The fixed effect panel estimation technique was implied to examine and analyze the data. The results of our study revealed that highly risky diseases significantly impact supply chain operations globally. Global supply chains, logistics and manufacturing industries significantly influence global trade operations. Our results implicate that the overall international trade and logistics can be enhanced by improving the manufacturing and logistics industries by coping with the risk of pandemic diseases. Moreover, by utilizing cost-effective, renewable and efficient energy resources companies address sustainability issues of global trade and operations. By exerting further attention to the proficiency of the levies approval process, competence and quality of logistics services, and ease of assembling competitively priced shipments, the governments can significantly enhance the export from the logistics industry. Also, increasing manufacturing and agricultural value-added healthier consequences might be acquired in global supply chain operations from the manufacturing industry. Copyright © 2022 Rehman Khan, Hassan, Khan, Khan, Godil and Tanveer.

3.
Frontiers in Education ; 13, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1834381

ABSTRACT

School closures during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in early 2020 were associated with attenuated learning gains compared to pre-pandemic years. In Germany, two further pandemic waves led to school closures and periods of remote learning between December 2020 and May 2021. The present study investigates the academic achievement of all incoming fifth-graders in the federal state of Baden-Württemberg before and during the pandemic, using educational large-scale assessment results in reading and mathematics. Each year, the assessments took place at the beginning of the school year in September (each n > 84,000). The comparison of average competence levels in 2021 with pre-pandemic years (2017–2019) indicates that the downward trend that was observed after the first pandemic wave in 2020 came to a halt in the domain of reading and continued at a slower rate in the domain of mathematical operations. Achievements in the mathematical domain of numbers even rebounded to pre-pandemic levels. Longer periods of school closures were associated with larger learning losses. Additional analyses showed larger learning losses for the group of low-achieving students and for schools with less socio-cultural capital. The partial rebound of learning outcomes suggests that most teachers and students successfully adapted to the pandemic situation in 2021. Still, disadvantaged student groups are at high risk of further substantial learning losses due to school closures that may negatively affect their future education. Accordingly, disadvantaged student groups in particular should receive additional support to compensate for the loss of learning opportunities in the classroom. Copyright © 2022 Schult, Mahler, Fauth and Lindner.

4.
Frontiers in Communication ; 7, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1834366

ABSTRACT

Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) associated with public health emergency preparedness (PHEP) and response pose major challenges to the scientific community and civil society because a multistakeholder and interdisciplinary methodology is needed to foster public engagement. In 2017, within “Action plan on Science in Society related issues in Epidemics and Total pandemics”, twenty-three initiatives in eleven cities—Athens, Brussels, Bucharest, Dublin, Geneva, Haifa, Lyon, Milan, Oslo, Rome, and Sofia—represented effective opportunities for Mobilization and Mutual Learning on RRI issues in the matter of PHEP with different community-level groups. These experiences show that to effectively address a discourse on RRI-related issues in PHEP it is necessary to engage the local population and stakeholders, which is challenging because of needed competencies and resources. Under coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, we are proven that such a diversified multistakeholder engagement on RRI related to PHEP locally needs further elaboration and practical development. Copyright © 2022 Possenti, De Mei, Kurchatova, Green, Drager, Villa, d'Onofrio, Saadatian-Elahi, Moore, Brattekas, Karnaki, Beresniak, Popa and Greco.

5.
Frontiers in Communication ; 7, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1834364

ABSTRACT

Framed within a society insidiously damaged by the novel coronavirus pandemic and associated lockdown restrictions, this article examines the drum and bass on the bike initiative of British DJ Dom Whiting. The initiative comprises of Dom riding a tricycle through various urban landscapes while broadcasting live to social media from on-board mixing decks. Since the first two solo rides in early 2021, thousands of individuals have accompanied him through twelve urban landscapes in addition to millions more participating across social media through views, comments, likes, and shares. Situating YouTube uploads as text, and positioning Dom as a harmonic navigator of change and reformation in the urban space, the article draws from a social semiotic multimodal approach to communication and details the development of three multimodal gestalts indicative of post-pandemic society. Against a soundtrack of thunderous drum and bass music, the three emergent gestalts communicate post-pandemic utopianism through the reformation of the relationship between motor vehicle drivers and cyclists, the reformation of urban road space use, and the reformation of diversity in organized cycling events. Copyright © 2022 Rivers.

6.
Psicoterapia e Scienze Umane ; - (1):31-36, 2022.
Article in Italian | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1834322

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has brought to light the serious difficulties of the mental health field due to the progressive cuts in staff and the suffering in the population and mental health professionals themselves. The three associations CNSP, FIAP and SIPSIC, that represent the majority of Italian psychotherapists of different orientations, ask for targeted interventions, including the following: compliance and updating of the Essential Levels of Care (LEA) in the public sector;increase in the number of psychotherapists;recognition of the need for psychotherapeutic interventions targeted to the different forms of distress and life cycle phases;conventions between the National Health Service and the Clinical centers of schools of psychotherapy linked to scientific associations. © 2022 Franco Angeli Edizioni. All rights reserved.

7.
International Journal of Action Research ; 17(3):218-243, 2021.
Article in Spanish | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1834286

ABSTRACT

The education of public relations and media modules has been tied in the literature to the professionalism of these disciplines. The contribution of this paper is that it is the first paper that has used areflective action research methodology to improve the on-line teaching of skill-oriented modules of public relations at the university-level in Bahrain during Covid-19. The instructor/researcher developed two action research cycles where she planned and implemented new teaching strategies based on the students’ needs, observed, evaluated, and reflected. The paper finds that action research has been useful in creating acollaborative relationship with the students, and helped to reflect on the e-learning process of public relations modules. The paper recommendsthe use of action researchtoimprove new creative strategies ofteaching other media and mass communication modules at the university-level during the Covid-19 pandemic. Moreover, the researcher invites future scholars to take the results of this research further, and use action research to improve creative educational methods that would improve high education in Bahrain after the Covid-19 pandemic. © 2021, Verlag Barbara Budrich. All rights reserved.

8.
Regions and Cohesion ; 12(1):25-53, 2022.
Article in French | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1834282
9.
Canadian Theatre Review ; 190(2):35-38, 2022.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-1834276

ABSTRACT

I look at an image of my performance of Free Hugs, an interactive dance installation that sought to activate Tkaronto's Lisgar Park amid the city's attempts to reopen during the COVID-19 pandemic in the summer of 2020. More than a year later, a lot has changed with the development of vaccines and the lifting of restrictions/regulations for in-person gatherings. And yet I am still uncertain of how to connect with others amid growing concerns about the pandemic's fourth wave. Hoping that I will rediscover some insight from my performance to relieve me of my uncertainty, I return to this image. It captures a moment of my attempt to share a hug with my audience—to connect with them in an intimate way amid the borders of physical distance imposed on us and by us. Looking at this visual representation of my performance, however, I feel my distance from the experience of my dancing body and all that it tries to teach me. I desire an embodied connection with the gestures of that performance to guide me forward into our uncertain future. Turning to disability arts practices inspired by questions and aesthetics of access, I release a practice through which we might simultaneously rest within and wrestle through the creation, navigation, and transcendence of distance to access connection. [ FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Canadian Theatre Review is the property of University of Toronto Press and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

10.
Canadian Theatre Review ; 190(2):13-18, 2022.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-1834275

ABSTRACT

Universal accessibility (or design) is a trend that promotes accessibility for everyone in various ways. One of its attributes is to ensure that everyone has equal learning opportunities, especially with the 'access to information' format. This applies to arranging a conference that includes conference organizers, plenary speakers, performers, conference presenters, and audio describers preparing to provide information and sensorial accessibility to the conference participants. Unfortunately for contemporary conferences, individuals with different needs are likely to experience language barriers due to their linguistic differences, hearing loss, and/or challenges in understanding and/or accessing visual information. A performing arts conference, Partition/Ensemble 2020, hosted by the Canadian Association of Theatre Research, serves as a case study for examining the process of arranging and providing language interpreters and text transcriptions, including audiovisual descriptions. During the COVID pandemic in the summer of 2020, the conference organizers decided to have a relaxed virtual conference. This designation had an impact on the preparation with four languages in different modalities: English (spoken and written), French (spoken and written), American Sign Language (signed), and Langue des signes québécoise (signed). From this linguistic learning experience, individuals who participated in this conference (e.g. conference organizers, plenary speakers, and audio describers) share their thoughts and insights for the implementation of an accessible conference (whether hosted in-person or online) with the goal of reducing language barriers. The authors of this article consider what it means to incorporate a diversity of languages simultaneously with different modalities and the challenges of accessibility with this endeavour. [ FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Canadian Theatre Review is the property of University of Toronto Press and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

11.
Frontiers of Nursing ; 9(1):47-54, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1834239

ABSTRACT

Background: In response to the need to mitigate the increase in Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) cases, nursing students undertake online learning in almost all nursing education institutions in Indonesia. These students face distinctive learning experiences, which have not yet been identified in the Indonesian context. This study aimed to explore students' experiences of online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: We used a descriptive exploratory design. Eleven students from three nursing education institutions in Indonesia were interviewed through telephone calls or video conference applications. Results: One main theme, Gaining access in resource-limited circumstances, was developed to describe students' experience of online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic. This theme was supported by five subthemes: struggling for internet connection;becoming familiar with the applications;flexibility;supported by others;and dealing with limitations. Conclusions: This current study provides insights into what support should be provided for nursing students to manage limitations in the online learning process. © 2022 Titan Ligita et al., published by Sciendo.

12.
Anksioznost i simptomi depresije među decom i adolescentima u pandemiji COVID-19 - sistematski pregled. ; 79(4):389-399, 2022.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-1834215

ABSTRACT

Background/Aim. Children and adolescents are sensitive groups for the development of mental disorders during the crisis. The aim of this systematic review was to assess the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on anxiety and depressive symptomatology in the population of children and adolescents. Methods. The investigation was based on a systematic review followed by PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) protocol, including Ovid MEDLINE, Embase, Global Health, and APA Psyc Info databases, to identify relevant studies reporting anxiety and depressive symptoms among children and adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemic. A total of 27 articles were included. Results. Anxiety symptoms increased from 28.3% before the pandemic to 49.5% during confinement [General Anxiety Disorder (GAD)-7 = 11)] (McNemar test, p < 0.0001). More depressive symptomatology was found, as well as weight and sleep disturbances which are the characteristics of children and adolescents' mental health. Additionally, female teenagers were experiencing grater declines in mood disorders than male teenagers during the COVID-19 crisis. On the one hand, different positive correlations between anxiety and other variables, were found, such as clinical depressive symptoms and anxiety (3/14), smartphone and internet addiction (2/14), lower levels of family income (2/14), perceived threats (2/14), higher grades at school (2/14), and loneliness (1/14). On the other hand, positive correlations were reported between depression and children and adolescents that were socially disconnected (3/17). Finally, mothers with higher level of education and income were associated with higher level of happiness (2/17). Conclusion. COVID-19 has a strong impact on the mental health of children and adolescents regarding depression and anxiety symptoms. Prevention programs focused on coping strategies should be conducted in elementary schools, middle schools, and high schools. Mental health should become a priority matter for governments, and the current pandemic could be an opportunity to highlight the importance of mental well-being and to invest in the betterment of clinical trainings, treatments and mental health research. (English) [ FROM AUTHOR] Uvod/Cilj. Deca i adolescenti su osetljiva grupa za razvoj psihičkih poremećaja tokom krize. Cilj ovog sistematskog pregleda literature bio je da se proceni uticaj pandemije COVID-19 na razvoj simptoma anksioznosti i depresije u populaciji dece i omladine. Metode. Sistematski pregled literature je urađen pomoću PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) protokola, uključujući Ovid MEDLINE, Embase, Global Health i APA Psyc Info baze podataka, u cilju identifikovanja relevantnih istraživanja o simptomima anskioznosti i depresije kod dece i adolescenata u toku pandemije COVID-19. Pregledano je 27 radova. Rezultati. Simptomi anksioznosti su se povećali sa 28,3% pre pandemije na 49,5% tokom „zatvaranja" usled pandemije [General Anxiety Disorder (GAD)-7 = 11)] (McNemar test p < 0,0001). Ustanovljen je i skok u simptomima depresije, kao i u telesnoj masi i poremećajima spavanju, koji karakterišu smetnje u mentalnom zdravlju dece i adolescenata. Poremećaj raspoloženja (pad) je bio veći kod tinejdžera ženskog, u odnosu na tinejdžere muškog pola. Pokazane su pozitivne korelacije između anksioznosti i drugih varijabli: kliničkih depresivnih simptoma i anksioznost (3/14), zavisnosti od pametnih telefona i interneta (2/14), nižeg porodičnog prihoda (2/14), percipirane opasnosti (2/14), viših razreda u školi (2/14), i usamljenosti (1/14). Pokazane su i pozitivne korelacije između depresije i socijalne isključenosti dece i adolescenata (3/17). Konačno, pokazana je povezanost između majki sa višim nivoima obrazovanja i prihoda i osećanja sreće (2/17). Zaključak. Pandemija COVID-19 ima snažan uticaj na mentalno zdravlje dece i adolescenata odnosno pojavu simptoma depresiije i anksioznosti. Zbog toga bi u osnovnim, srednjim i višim školama trebalo sprovoditi programe prevencije, sa fokusom na razvoj strategija prevladavanja. Mentalno zdravlje bi trebalo da postane prioritetna tema vlada zemalja, a trenutna pandemija mogućnost da se istakne važnost brige o mentalnom blagostanju i ulaganja u poboljšanje kliničkih treninga, tretmana i istraživanja u oblasti mentalnog zdravlja. (Bosnian) [ FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Vojnosanitetski Pregled: Military Medical & Pharmaceutical Journal of Serbia is the property of Military Medical Academy INI and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

13.
Filozofija i Drustvo ; 33(1):233-246, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1834213

ABSTRACT

The current coronavirus pandemic (SARS-CoV-2) has presented many scientific disciplines, including philosophy, with various theoretical and practical challenges. In this paper, we deal with three philosophical issues related to the pandemic and specific approaches to them. The first part of the article is dedicated to the analysis of the term “expert,” whose significance was highlighted at the outbreak of the pandemic. By examining Plato’s ancient and Goldman’s modern understanding of this concept, we will try to emphasize the importance of expert opinion in crisis circumstances. In the second part of the paper, we will deal with the issue of public mistrust of scientific authorities as well as the problem of the flourishing of so-called conspiracy theories. Goldenberg’s and Cassam’s approach to this topic will help us see where the source of these problems might lie and what potentially harmful consequences they can produce. In the third part of the text, we list some of the main moral dilemmas we have faced since the beginning of the pandemic. Special attention is paid to Kant’s moral philosophy in which we find advice on how an individual should act in times of crisis. © 2022, University of Belgrade - Institute for Philosophy and Social Theory. All rights reserved.

14.
JMIR Formative Research ; 6(4), 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1834188

ABSTRACT

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in the closure of schools and may have inadvertently resulted in decreased physical activity for youth. Emerging evidence suggests that school closures due to the COVID-19 pandemic could have hastened the inactivity of youth, possibly due to a lack of structure outside of school and increased access to sedentary activities. Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess changes in physical activity from pre–school closure (before the pandemic) to post–school closure (during the pandemic) among youth in spring 2020. Methods: This study used a natural experimental design;youth were enrolled in a physical activity study prior to the lockdown, which was enforced due to the pandemic. The number of device-assessed steps per day and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity minutes per week were measured by using a Garmin Vivofit 4 (Garmin Ltd) accelerometer over 8 weeks. Mixed effects models were used to compare physical activity variables, which were measured before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. Results: Youth were primarily Hispanic or Latinx (8/17, 47%) and female (10/17, 59%). The number of daily steps decreased by 45.4% during the school closure, from a pre–school closure mean of 8003 steps per day to a post–school closure mean of 4366 steps per day. Daily moderate-to-vigorous physical activity decreased by 42.5%, from a pre–school closure mean of 80.18 minutes per week to a post–school closure mean of 46.13 minutes per week. Conclusions: Youth are engaging in roughly half as much physical activity during the school closure as they were prior to the school closure. If additional evidence supports these claims, interventions are needed to support youths’ engagement in physical activity in the Midwest.

15.
JMIR Perioper Med ; 5(1):e34936, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1834176

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic drastically altered perioperative medical practice owing to safety concerns, postponing elective or nonemergent procedures, supply chain shortages, and reallocating perioperative staff to care for patients with COVID-19. However, the impact of the pandemic on the conduct on anesthesiology clinical research is unknown. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective was to quantify the magnitude of the COVID-19 pandemic's impact on anesthesiology clinical research. METHODS: We performed a systematic search using ClinicalTrials.gov to identify clinical trials related to the practice of anesthesiology. We screened trials with status updates from January 1, 2020, through October 1, 2021, to capture trials potentially affected by the COVID-19 pandemic by the time of our search. Investigators screened for relevant studies and extracted trial characteristics along with the reason for discontinuation reported on the clinical trial registry. RESULTS: A total of 823 clinical trials met inclusion criteria, and 146 clinical trials were discontinued within the designated date range. In total, 24 (16.4%) of the 146 clinical trials were halted explicitly owing to the COVID-19 pandemic. A significant association existed between trial enrollment numbers and the likelihood of discontinuation due to the COVID-19 pandemic, as larger trials were more likely to be disrupted (z=-2.914, P=.004). CONCLUSIONS: The COVID-19 pandemic is reportedly associated with the discontinuation of anesthesiology-related clinical trials. With the uncertain course of the COVID-19 pandemic, developing anesthesia trial protocols to help minimize social interaction and prevent premature trial disruption are imperative.

16.
Journal of EMDR Practice & Research ; 16(2):68-75, 2022.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-1833855

ABSTRACT

During the period of the COVID-19 pandemic from the start of 2020 till late 2021, mental health services—seeking and providing—have gone through various changes and adaptations. In this article, we report on eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) psychotherapy service providers in India, and how they adapted to the changing circumstances during this time, using a narrative enquiry approach. [ FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Journal of EMDR Practice & Research is the property of Springer Publishing Company, Inc. and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

17.
Multilingua ; : 1, 2022.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-1833743

ABSTRACT

The decolonization of knowledge is increasingly high on the agenda of applied and sociolinguistics. This article contributes to this agenda by examining how peripheral multilingual scholars confront their linguistic and epistemic exclusion from global knowledge production. Based on the product of such a challenge – a Chinese-centric special issue of Multilingua, a global academic Q1 journal, devoted to crisis communication during the COVID-19 pandemic and committed to furthering intercultural dialogue in research – we explore the decades-long knowledge production process behind that product and so provide a look into the “black box” of academic networking and publishing. Advocating for collaborative autoethnography as an inherently inclusive method, we focus on enabling academic and personal networks, textual scaffolding, and linguistic and epistemic brokerage. The article closes with three aspects of linguistic and epistemic citizenship that are central to inclusion, namely recognition of the value of peripheral knowledges, recognition of a collaborative ethics of care, and recognition of shared responsibility. [ FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Multilingua is the property of De Gruyter and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

18.
Intercultural Pragmatics ; 19(3):271-297, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1833725

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic is the greatest global health threat in over 100 years. Its impact is seen in large numbers of premature deaths and the loss of economic stability for many millions of people. A significant number of people who contract the SARS-CoV-2 virus – the virus that causes COVID disease – experience symptoms many months after their acute illness. So-called Long COVID is now a recognized condition, with many affected individuals unable to return to work and engage in other daily activities. Among the complex symptoms of this condition is “brain fog”, a constellation of cognitive-linguistic problems that manifest as forgetfulness, word-finding difficulty, a lack of attention and concentration, and problems engaging in conversation. In this paper, I examine two women who had moderate COVID-19 infection during the first wave of the pandemic in Belgium and the UK. Both participants reported cognitive-linguistic difficulties several months after first becoming unwell. The UK participant is a native English speaker while the participant in Belgium speaks English as a second language. Case studies are used to examine their pre-morbid functioning and lifestyle, the onset and course of their COVID illness, and its impact on their language skills. It is argued that Long COVID has the potential to disrupt pragmatic and discourse skills even as structural language skills are intact. As such, this condition requires further systematic study by clinical linguists and speech-language pathologists.

19.
International Journal of Electronic Marketing and Retailing ; 13(2):157-189, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1833691

ABSTRACT

Luxury brands are increasingly realising the central importance of digital technology in addressing consumers' needs and desires. In this context, several studies have focused on the role that digital technologies play in luxury brands' communication, but few of them have addressed luxury brands' digital retail distribution strategies. Understanding this topic is especially critical amidst changes in global economics - many of them spurred by the COVID-19 pandemic - that are reshaping how luxury consumers shop at and interact with retailers. Against that backdrop, this research pursues a twofold objective, namely: identifying the current effects of the pandemic on luxury brands' digital retailing and illuminating the challenges said brands will face in the near future. Given the sparse explorations of digital retailing (especially for luxury brands) and the extraordinary nature of the pandemic, this research uses a qualitative-exploratory approach based on semi-structured one-to-one interviews with experts from a leading digital marketing company in order to develop some initial insights. The limitations of this research are due to the cut-off period and the use of a restricted sample. In addition to discussing the theoretical and managerial implications of the results, the paper provides interesting guidance for future research. Copyright © 2022 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

20.
Lavoro e Diritto ; 36(1):77-96, 2022.
Article in Italian | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1833679

ABSTRACT

The essay examines the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic in workplaces, in particular retracing the lot of complex questions caused by the intersection between general precautionary measures, adopted to protect the entire population, and those specifically envisaged by the legislation for protection of health and safety in workplaces. The focus is on regulatory sources, and in particular the role assumed by collective autonomy, and the concrete effects on employment contracts, with specific reference to the delicate issue of mandatory vaccination. © Società editrice il Mulino

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