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1.
Revue Medicale Suisse ; 18(780):894-897, 2022.
Article in French | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1836680

ABSTRACT

The year 2020 witnessed a record number of reported cases of tick-borne encephalitis in Switzerland. This unprecedented rate of cases, largely explained by the decrease in travel outside of Switzerland as well as favorable conditions for outdoor activities, highlights this severe disease for which there is no treatment yet. Tick-borne ence-phalitis has been progressing in Switzerland for more than 30 years both geographically and in terms of the number of reported cases. Indeed, the outbreaks were localized in the North-East of Switzerland at the beginning of the 2000s until recently affecting the Valais and the Ticino. Vaccination is the most effective way to prevent the disease and thus the long-term sequelae that can be caused by this infection.

2.
Revue Medicale Suisse ; 18(780):881-885, 2022.
Article in French | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1836679

ABSTRACT

Undoubtedly, the COVID-19 pandemic has had impacts in many areas, including travel and by extension on daily practice in tropical and travel medicine. The intercontinental travelers in decline have been replaced by a new population of travelers who previously did not require specific consultations. SARS-CoV-2 has earned its place in the pre-travel consultation in view of the medical and administrative implications. Furthermore, the global health effects of the pandemic are broader than its direct medical consequences and should not be underestimated. The increase in malaria mortality worldwide is just one example. Preventive measures prior to exposure are more important than ever.

3.
Angle Health Law Review ; - (65):46-59, 2022.
Article in Chinese | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1836676

ABSTRACT

Long-term care facilities (LTCFs) are the institutes suffering most significant impacts brought by COVID-19. Imposing strict restrictions on visitation to LTCFs is likely to be one of the essential pandemic control measures. However, the measure also leads to separation of residents from their families and residents' social isolation, which harms residents both physically and mentally. The US federal regulation over LTCF visitation evolves. Starting from all prohibition at the beginning of the pandemic, restrictions were later relieved gradually. The regulation then turned to be allowing visitation as the principle, and the latest version of the regulation even recognizes the right of visitation of all residents at any time. Nevertheless, how to balance the right with pandemic prevention or control remains to be debated. Taiwan has strictly restrained visitation of LTCFs and gives the authority and the LTCFs broad discretions. The experience of the US regulation may shed some lights to reexamine the Taiwanese law that helps the protection of residents' rights and welfare.

4.
Acta Orthopaedica Belgica ; 88(1):211-213, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1836674

ABSTRACT

The United Kingdom (UK) Covid-19 pandemic has led to unique changes in the operation of the National Health Service (NHS) including within trauma and orthopaedics. This has led to a significant impact on the NHS ability to provide hip fracture care and sustain emergency surgery. This has led to local hip fracture services changing operations to provide more sustainable care and significant impacts on best practice tariffs. Data was collected using the National Hip Fracture Database data submitted by UHL and split into two cohorts - Pre Covid-19 and Post Covid-19. Data has been collected for 67 consecutive patients in April 2019 (Pre Covid-19) and 87 consecutive patients in April 2020 (Post Covid-19) as of 4th May after the introduction of the Covid-19 measures locally. Data has been collected on demographics- age and sex, ASA, admission time, time of operation, 30 day mortality and length of stay. The average time to theatre in the pre Covid-19 cohort was 27.3 hours and in the post Covid-19 cohort was 45.1 hours. This is an increase of 65.2%. All patients in the pre Covid-19 cohort were operated on and 4 in the post Covid-19 were conservatively managed. However, there were no significant effects on 30 day mortality or length of stay. In conclusion, the measures taken due to the Covid-19 pandemic had a profound impact on the care of hip fracture patients with significant delays in time to theatre. As a result, it is clear that the measures influenced practice at UHL and the best practice tariffs were not met.

5.
Journal of Economic Impact ; 3(2):55-66, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1836672

ABSTRACT

Africa's trade with China and the US is one of the international issues affecting development in the continent. This paper, therefore, examines the effects of COVID-19 on Africa's trade with the two countries by investigating whether the pandemic has changed the trends of the trade. The article explores the responses of the individual trade of China and the US with Africa to their own shocks, without and with the pandemic, using the vector autoregressive (VAR) model and monthly data covering 1970m01 (January 1970) to 2020m07 (July 2020). The results show that China's trade performs better while responding to a shock to America's trade than America's trade does while responding to a shock to China's trade, without and with COVID-19. This finding suggests that China has a stronger trade footing in Africa and that COVID-19 had not changed the trends of Africa's trade with China and America, even with the impact of the pandemic on China. China's dominant trade status in Africa is probably due to the country's large investment and aid in the continent. The key policy focus of Africa on trading with China and the US should therefore be how to achieve optimum trilateral trade thresholds in the face of potential trade-offs.

6.
Economic Insights Trends and Challenges ; 3:73-82, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1836670

ABSTRACT

In the last few years, but even more so given the context the COVID-19 pandemic, a large series of global and local changes have occurred in all areas of life, including the way food is perceived and procured. The orientation towards local food as a preferred choice has gained more followers which are interested in economic, social and environmental effects of the way the world uses all kinds of resources to meet its nutritional needs. Local food involves a special kind of food systems approach in terms of determining factors and resulting implications for all actors involved. The paper deals with emphasizing different aspects of local food systems, including both agri-food producers and consumer's drivers together with the effects of rethinking the way people choose to procure their food. The link to sustainable development is clearly highlighted using the multiple implications of this agri-food system upon different sectors and dimensions.

7.
Eurasian Journal of Sport Sciences and Education ; 3(2):128-140, 2021.
Article in Turkish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1836668

ABSTRACT

The Covid-19 global pandemic has caused huge income losses in the football economy, where billions of people are involved as fans and consumers. During the pandemic period, the sports clubs that experienced a decrease in sponsorship revenues, broadcasting revenues, match revenues and advertising revenues experienced fluctuations and economic losses in BIST (Borsa Istanbul) shares. This study was carried out to reveal the economic losses experienced by the 4 big clubs in the Turkish Premier League, which opened their shares to the stock market. For this purpose, after the stock values of the clubs registered in the BIST were adjusted for inflation and their averages were taken, trend analysis was performed. With the trend analysis, the depreciation and trends in club stocks were tried to be revealed. As a result of the study, it was observed that the decisions taken in the sector during the pandemic period were reflected in the stocks as of dates. In the average of the stocks of the clubs, depreciation of up to 50% was calculated compared to the base year and the previous month. It is thought that the study will shed light on the football economy struggling with the pandemic.

8.
Indian Journal of Community Health ; 34(1):140-143, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1836665

ABSTRACT

The public health sector of any country deals on the forefront and utilizes the multidisciplinary approach. In India the Masters of Public Health graduates are trained in unstandardized manner and lack a regulatory body. The gap created in serving the unserved can easily be fulfilled by utilization of this workforce in systematic manner, The emerging competition in the field, undervalued sector in terms of monitory benefits, poor demand and limited training institutions for MPH graduates along with the contribution of MPH during COVID 19 pandemic has been emphasized in the article. The perception of those working in the field has been highlighted with the way ahead of MPH program in India.

9.
Indian Journal of Community Health ; 34(1):89-93, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1836664

ABSTRACT

Background: The pandemic COVID19, a serious global threat has led to elevated levels of pressure on medical professionals. The research shows that occupational stressors has been significantly associated with the pandemic.

10.
Indian Journal of Community Health ; 34(1):26-29, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1836661

ABSTRACT

Background: During the COVID- 19 pandemic in the first wave, infected patients age was range from 4 weeks to 90 years and those who have more age and with comorbidities are more susceptible to develop serious illness and have high mortality rates.

11.
Indian Journal of Community Health ; 34(1):20-25, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1836660

ABSTRACT

Background: Novel Corona virus infection (Covid-19) was declared global pandemic by WHO infecting more than 118,000 cases in 114 countries and the number of deaths counting to 4291. WHO recommends the only strategy to limit the spread of Corona virus is only by prevention itself. Aim and Objective: To assess the awareness among Health Care Workers on covid-19 infection. To compare the level of knowledge among the study participants and To assess the impact of training about the knowledge on covid-19 control. Material and methods: The study was conducted by the Research team of Community Medicine Department, SGRRIM&HS, Dehradun between 1st October to 31st December 2020. Self-administered, pre-tested questionnaire was used to assess the knowledge and awareness among health care workers. Data collected and analysed using SPSS software for different parameters. Result: A total of 421 health care workers participated in the present study. Majority of the study participants were female with 346 (82.2%) while 75 (17.8%) of them were male. Independent t-test was used to compare pre and post test values with Socio-demographic profile, designation, and work place of the respondents.

12.
International Research Journal of Innovations in Engineering and Technology ; 6(3):153-156, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1836656

ABSTRACT

This project describes the evolving role of robotics in healthcare and allied are as with special concerns relating to the management and control of the spread of the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The prime utilization of such robots is to minimize person-to-person contact and to ensure cleaning, sterilization and support in hospitals and similar facilities such as quarantine. This will result in minimizing the life threat to medical staffs and doctors taking an active role in the management of the COVID-19 pandemic. The intention of the present research is to highlight the importance of medical robotics in general and then to connect its utilization with the perspective of COVID-19 management so that the hospital management can direct themselves to maximize the use of medical robots for various medical procedures. This is despite the popularity of telemedicine, which is also effective in similar situations. In essence, the recent achievement of the Korean and Chinese health sectors in obtaining active control of the COVID-19 pandemic was not possible without the use of state of the art medical technology.To overcome the problem developed automatic portable sanitizing equipment for spraying sanitization solution. The portable sanitizer unit is attached to the top of the mobile robot. The system integrates a sprinkler mechanism and is used to distribute air and disinfectant fluid mixture. The mobile robot main components consist of a DC motor, Bluetooth module, Arduino, Motor driver, Submergible pump, Sprinkler, Battery, DC Converters are used. The system is capable of sanitizing the floors of hospitals.

13.
Psychological Thought ; 15(1):189-214, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1836634

ABSTRACT

The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic has severely disrupted the well-being and mental health of people around the world. Positive emotions like resilience and gratitude have been proven to be able to improve one’s well-being. The theory of Broaden-and-build was used to explore resilience’s mediating role in the relationship between gratitude and well-being among Malaysian adults during the COVID-19 pandemic. The data of 530 participants aged 18 to 35 years was analyzed using SmartPLS. The results showed that grateful and more resilient participants showed a better well-being, and the effects were further moderated by financial income and marital status. The results also supported the hypothetical statistical mediation model in which resilience is the statistical mediator for the association between gratitude and well-being. The results highlighted the significant influence of gratitude and resilience on Malaysian adults’ well-being and explained the role of gratitude in boosting their well-being. It is suggested that policymakers and mental health professionals should consider promoting gratitude and resilience to increase positive emotions and well-being in young adults and help society to be prepared for challenging times of adversity in the future.

14.
Psychological Thought ; 15(1):105-131, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1836633

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic and its accompanying restrictions, apart from the destructive global economic and social impact, brought negative psychological consequences to the world. The aim of the current study is to investigate the factors that help individuals maintain psychological well-being under the condition of self-isolation, a global restriction against the spread of the pandemic. Specifically, the role of trait emotional intelligence, self-compassion, and rumination was explored in order to determine how these variables relate to psychological well-being. According to the results, trait emotional intelligence and self-compassion positively correlate with psychological well-being, while rumination is negatively correlated. Self-compassion mediates the relationship between emotional intelligence and well-being. The relationship between rumination and well-being is affected by emotional intelligence and self-compassion: Self-compassion mediates the relationship between depression related rumination and well-being, while self-control and emotionality factors of trait emotional intelligence moderate the relationship between reflection rumination and well-being. The findings of the current study provide insight about self-compassion, rumination, and emotional intelligence as different contributing factors to the individuals’ well-being in self-isolation, suggesting further implications about the use of these strategies to help people cope with this stressful situation.

15.
Revista Espanola de Quimioterapia ; 35 Suppl 1:64-66, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1836621

ABSTRACT

In the last two years, the capacity of our hospitals has clearly been overwhelmed due to the COVID-19 pandemic The patient who comes to the hospital with a respiratory coinfection does not have the same characteristics as the patient who suffers a superinfection while hospitalized. The number of secondary infections increase proportionally to the severity of the patient's disease. Besides, pathogens that cause a coinfection are clearly differentiated from the pathogens that cause a superinfection. However, in patients subjected to airway manipulation, superinfections by distinct pathogens can occur. Seventy five percent of patients admitted worldwide with COVID-19 (especially during the first two waves of the pandemic) received some form of antibiotic treatment during admission. In this context, it is essential to develop and implement algorithms that allow us to define the predictors in each individual case for the development of a superinfection.

16.
Jornal Brasileiro De Pneumologia: Publicacao Oficial Da Sociedade Brasileira De Pneumologia E Tisilogia ; 48(3):e20210361, 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1836600

ABSTRACT

Bronchoscopy is an important procedure to examine the airways. It is traditionally taught by having trainees perform it in humans. This carries risks, albeit rarely, and causes stress to trainees. The objective of this study was to review bronchoscopy simulators, as well as their use in and impact on medical education, presenting perspectives on the use of simulators in the post-pandemic world. This review was based on articles published in English in 2000-2021 and retrieved from any of the following databases: MEDLINE (PubMed), Embase, SciELO, and Google Scholar. Bronchoscopy simulators have improved markedly over time, allowing the teaching/learning process to take place in a risk-free environment. Bronchoscopy simulation training is an interesting option for the evaluation of the airways, especially in the coming years, with the COVID-19 pandemic highlighting the need for continuing medical education.

17.
International Journal of Business Ecosystem & Strategy ; 4(1):77-86, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1836586

ABSTRACT

This paper aims to address the effects of the pandemic on the economy and investments in the region - focus Kosovo, compared to the countries of the Western Balkans. CoVid-19 has caused economic shocks worldwide, where many people have lost their jobs, and this has created a negative chain effect on the economic structure in Kosovo as well. The economy consists of a structure in which participate many parties that are interconnected in a chain with each other such as state institutions, companies (manufacturing, trade, services, etc.), employees, suppliers, local and international financial institutions, potential customers, investors, etc., any disconnect in this chain causes a negative economic reaction which will have long-term implications for business recovery. Also, Foreign direct investment in Kosovo is one of the main determinants of the country's development, due to the pandemic many planned investments have been re-oriented in other directions. This study also aims to identify the economic situation and the level of investment decline for this pandemic period, aiming to identify - as proposals - measures to be taken in order to improve the situation and stimulate a debate on the economic situation in times of pandemic.

18.
Public Finance Quarterly ; 66(1):50-67, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1836580

ABSTRACT

There is no uniform theoretical standpoint on the effects of changing interest rates and the role of money among economists. Though these disputes exercise a great influence on the economic policy measures adopted as well. For the management of the 2008 global financial crisis many central banks entered into forceful interest rate cuts to contribute to the revitalisation of the economy. The economic recession caused by the pandemic of 2020 again raises the issue how central banks can stimulate growth. In this study we deal with the liquidity trap issue attributed to Keynes. Keynes pointed out that there might exist a lower interest rate limit under which money demand becomes infinite. His conceptions put the foundations to the question, at what interest rate levels might the liquidity trap – a term coined later by Robertson – phenomenon become effective. He was followed by numerous renowned economists dealing with the conception. In this paper we are discussing the most important theoretical approaches – among others the views of Hansen, Hicks, Tobin, Patinkin, Krugman, Brunner and Meltzer and Eggertson. We provide an overview on the effects of low interest rate levels adopted by Japan, by the central banks of Japan, the USA and the ECB aimed at stimulating the economy. Based on the study it can be confirmed that central banks can contribute to economic growth keeping interest rates low and therewith fostering investment. Nevertheless, beyond keeping short-term interest rates low, it might be adequate to control interest rates of other maturities and, especially under deflationary expectations, central banks should express their prolonged commitment to low interest rates.

19.
Science & Healthcare ; 24(1):14-21, 2022.
Article in Russian | GIM | ID: covidwho-1836573

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The coronavirus infection (COVID-19) pandemic is at its peak. Since the beginning of the pandemic, the understanding of nosology has been growing every day. Although large randomized trials are underway, treatment is based on supportive care. Current recommendations are based on the treatment of other viral pneumonias and sepsis. But the course of COVID-19 is very different from them. Aim - analysis of articles on respiratory support for coronavirus infection COVID-19 published in the most authoritative evidence-based sources. Search strategy: the search was carried out in the following databases - PubMed, Google Scholar, Scopus, Embase. The initial number of articles - 325 (including duplicate articles - 188), titles and s of articles - 137 were studied (including 63 articles were excluded for the following reasons - lack of a comparison group, inconsistency of goals and titles of articles). Fully studied articles - 74 (including 39 articles were excluded for the following reasons - the lack of randomization of patients, the presence of methodological errors). The number of articles included in the study is 35.

20.
Naukovyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu ; - (2):67-72, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1836537

ABSTRACT

Мета. Урахування фактору випадковосл сощальних процесш при прогнозуванш попиту на електричну енерпю для зменшення похибки. Методика. Апарат математично! статистики, методш лшшного програмування, теорп нечггких множин i методiв експертного оцшювання, теорй' шкал, Байесовський п1дх1д до моделей прогнозування, комп'ютерне моделювання. Результаты. Проаналiзована динамiка споживання електрично! енергп за рiзнi перiоди часу, встановлено вплив фактору пандемп на процес формування попиту на електричну енерпю. Розроблена вербально-числова шкала для комплексного оцшювання впливу на попит на електричну енерпю такого складного сощального явища, як пандемш. Сформована модель прогнозування попиту на електричну енерпю з використанням Байесовського подходу та ощнки експерта, що дозволила використати ретроспективш данi споживання електрично! енергп та врахувати невизначенiсть соцiального фактору впливу пандемп. Наукова новизна. Набула подальшого розвитку модель прогнозування попиту на електричну енерпю, яка, на вщмшу в1д iнших, ураховуе фактор випадковостi соцiальних процеив i вербально-числову шкалу, що дозволяе зменшити похибку прогнозування споживання електрично! енергп. Практична значимтсть. Результата дослщження кориснi для пщприемств, що спецiалiзуються на генерацй', передачi й розподшу електрично! енергп споживачам. Представленi результата надають можливють зменшити похибку прогнозування попиту на електричну енерпю при врахуванш фактору випадковосл сощальних процешв.Alternate :Purpose. Taking into account the factor of randomness of social processes when forecasting the demand for electric energy to reduce the error. Methodology. Apparatus of mathematical statistics, linear programming methods, fuzzy set theory and expert assessment methods, scale theory, Bayesian approach to forecasting models, computer modeling. Findings. The dynamics of consumption of electric energy for different periods of time is analyzed, the influence of the pandemic factor on the process of formation of demand for electric energy is established. A verbal-numerical scale has been developed for a comprehensive assessment of the impact on the demand for electric energy of such a complex social phenomenon as a pandemic. A model for forecasting the demand for electrical energy was formed using the Bayesian approach and an expert's assessment, which made it possible to use retrospective data on electrical energy consumption and take into account the uncertainty of the social factor influencing the pandemic. Originality. The model for forecasting the demand for electrical energy has been further developed, which, unlike others, takes into account the factor of randomness of social processes and a verbal-numerical scale, which makes it possible to reduce the error in predicting the consumption of electrical energy. Practic l value. The research results are useful for enterprises specializing in the generation, transmission and distribution of electrical energy to consumers. The presented results make it possible to reduce the error in forecasting the demand for electric energy, taking into account the factor of randomness of social processes.

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