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1.
Pharmacy Education ; JOUR(1):823-834, 22.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2101047

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has presented a slew of new obstacles for all health professionals, particularly those in charge of training students. Many pharmacy schools had to convert to virtual experiential learning with little to no existing literature, framework, or appropriate time for preparation. This review documents the virtual pharmacy practice training at a university in Lebanon during COVID-19 and several other colleges of pharmacy worldwide that have shared their experiences. A literature review of international publications was performed in PubMed and Google Scholar between 1 March 2022 and 30 May 2022, and relevant articles were included. The narrative offers a variety of approaches to ensure that pharmacy learners prioritise self-care, are adequately prepared to enter pharmacy practice, and reflect on their learning. However, other aspects, such as the use of a variety of online training platforms, the inclusion of more patient-centric activities, and the provision of live virtual patient experiences, should be enhanced in the future.

2.
The International Journal of High Performance Computing Applications ; JOUR
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2098239

ABSTRACT

This paper describes an integrated, data-driven operational pipeline based on national agent-based models to support federal and state-level pandemic planning and response. The pipeline consists of (i) an automatic semantic-aware scheduling method that coordinates jobs across two separate high performance computing systems;(ii) a data pipeline to collect, integrate and organize national and county-level disaggregated data for initialization and post-simulation analysis;(iii) a digital twin of national social contact networks made up of 288 Million individuals and 12.6 Billion time-varying interactions covering the US states and DC;(iv) an extension of a parallel agent-based simulation model to study epidemic dynamics and associated interventions. This pipeline can run 400 replicates of national runs in less than 33 h, and reduces the need for human intervention, resulting in faster turnaround times and higher reliability and accuracy of the results. Scientifically, the work has led to significant advances in real-time epidemic sciences.

3.
Production and Operations Management ; JOUR
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2097859

ABSTRACT

The recent outbreak of Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has posed serious threats and challenges to global supply chain management (GSCM). To survive the crisis, it is critical to rethink the proper setting of global supply chains and reform many related operational strategies. We hence attempt to reform the GSCM from both supply and demand sides considering different pandemic stages (i.e., pre, during, and post-pandemic stages). In this research paper, we combine a careful literature review with real-world case studies to examine the impacts and specific challenges brought by the pandemic to global supply chains. We first classify the related literature from the demand and supply sides. Based on the insights obtained, we search publicly available information and report real practices of GSCM under COVID-19 in nine top global enterprises. To achieve responsiveness, resilience, and restoration (3Rs), we then propose the "GREAT-3Rs" framework, which shows the critical issues and measures for reforming GSCM under the three pandemic stages. In particular, the "GREAT" part of the framework includes five critical domains, namely, "government proactive policies and measures," "redesigning global supply chains," "economic and financing strategies under risk," "adjustment of operations," and "technology adoption," to help global enterprises to survive the pandemic;"3Rs" are the outputs that can be achieved after using the "GREAT" strategies under the three pandemic stages. Finally, we establish a future research agenda from five aspects.

4.
Sustainability Accounting, Management and Policy Journal ; JOUR
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2097582

ABSTRACT

Purpose The purpose of this study is to examine the dynamic connectedness and volatility spillovers between commodities and corporations exhibiting the best environmental, social and governance (ESG) practices. In addition, the authors determine the optimal hedge ratios and portfolio weights for ESG and commodity investors and portfolio managers. Design/methodology/approach This study uses the novel frequency connectedness framework to point out volatility spillover between ESG indices covering the USA, developed and emerging markets and commodity indices, including energy (crude oil, natural gas and heating oil), industrial metals (aluminum, copper, zinc, nickel and lead) and precious metals (gold and silver) by using daily data between January 3, 2011 and May 26, 2021, covering significant socio-economic developments and the COVID-19 outbreak. Findings The results of this study suggest a total connectedness index at a mediocre level, mainly driven by the shocks creating uncertainty in the short term. And the results indicate that all ESG indices are net volatility transmitters, and all commodity indices other than crude oil and copper are net volatility receivers. Practical implications The results imply statistically significant hedging and portfolio diversification opportunities to investors and portfolio managers across the asset classes, proven by the hedging effectiveness analyses. Social implications This study provides implications for policymakers focusing on the risk of contagion among the commodity and ESG markets during turbulent periods to ensure international financial stability. Originality/value This study contributes to the existing literature by differentiating ESG portfolios as the USA, developed and developing markets and examining dynamic connectedness and volatility spillovers between ESG portfolios and commodities with a different technique. This study also contributes by considering COVID-19 outbreak.

5.
Personnel Review ; JOUR
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2097580

ABSTRACT

Purpose - The aim of this article is to extend current debates on organizational equality, diversity and inclusion to a consideration of neurodivergence in the remote workplace context. Design/methodology/approach - Drawing on the ability, motivation, and opportunity (AMO) model and an emerging strength-based approach to neurodiversity, this conceptual paper integrates research on neurodiversity at work and remote working to provide a novel AMO model for a neuro-inclusive remote workplace. Findings - Through a theoretically informed discussion of barriers to effective remote work from the perspective of neurominorities, the AMO model for the neuro-inclusive remote workplace is offered to assist organizations in creating an inclusive remote work environment where both neurominorities and neurotypicals can equally contribute to organizational success. Specific examples of how certain barriers to effective remote work can be mitigated are outlined and explained. Practical implications - The conceptual model presented in this paper can assist HR practitioners in developing a comprehensive approach to skill, motivation, and opportunity-enhancing practices that are tailored to the unique needs of neurominorities in a specific context of remote work to generate mutual gains. Originality/value - The model of interactions between individual and system factors offered enables a better theoretical understanding of the conditions under which high performance of neurodivergent individuals could be achieved with an associated positive impact on their well-being. The paper contributes to recent calls for more equitable and empathetic approaches to investing in employees with different cognitive profiles and does so in the underexplored context of remote work.

6.
J Pharm Sci ; 2022 Nov 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2096154

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic outbreak has been overwhelming the healthcare system worldwide. A rapidly growing number of younger pediatric patients in Thailand necessitated the formulation of favipiravir, the most locally accessible antiviral agent against COVID-19, into a child-friendly dosage form as a safer alternative to a dispersion of crushed tablets in simple syrup. While striving to quickly develop a liquid formulation that is feasible for any local hospital production units, an oral solution was chosen due to its simplicity. Despite the large dose and poor aqueous solubility of favipiravir, a combination of pH control and use of poloxamer as a solubilizing agent has enabled us to streamline the manufacturing process of a 200 mg/15 mL oral solution for hospital compounding. To ensure its efficacy and safety, a specification for quality control was also established in accordance with the ICH quality guidelines and USP. The finished product stability was subsequently demonstrated under the conditions of 5°C ± 3°C, 25°C ± 2°C/75% RH ± 5% RH, 30°C ± 2°C/75% RH ± 5% RH, and 40°C ± 2°C/75% RH ± 5% RH. The results indicated that our formulation can be stored at 30°C ± 2°C/75% RH for 30 days, which will very well serve the need to allow drug distribution and patient use during the crisis, while the shelf-life can be extended to 60 days when stored at 5°C ± 3°C. Thus, accessibility to an essential medical treatment has been successfully enhanced for pediatric patients in Thailand and neighboring countries during the COVID-19 outbreak.

7.
J Econ Asymmetries ; : e00278, 2022 Nov 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2095608

ABSTRACT

Stewardship theory suggests that CEO duality can provide strong leadership and facilitate the development and coordination of firm strategy. These benefits should affect firm risk and financial performance, particularly when the firm has high information-gathering costs. We use the 2020 coronavirus outbreak as a natural experiment to determine whether CEO duality is beneficial during crisis periods. We find that in 2020, S&P 1500 firms with CEO duality exhibit smaller increases in default probability risk than firms with non-duality in the presence of high information costs. Firms with CEO duality experience a smaller decrease in profitability when information costs are high. We also find that firms with CEO duality offer cumulative abnormal returns significantly higher than those of other firms. CEO duality is more valuable in firms with higher information costs. Our results indicate that CEO duality is valuable during crisis periods, particularly when information costs are high. These results are consistent with stewardship theory and indicate that the concentration of power from CEO duality is beneficial during crisis periods.

8.
J Clean Prod ; 380: 135057, 2022 Dec 20.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2095589

ABSTRACT

As the Covid-19 pandemic brought most in-person activities to a halt, radical and visible changes were imposed in all social interactions, including teaching and academic activity in general. This challenging setting tested the education system's capacity to successfully address the Sustainable Development Goals. The success of education for sustainable development (ESD) requires training in the specific skills needed to face the highly emotionally demanding post-pandemic context. In this line, this study focuses on university students' capability to understand and manage emotions, an issue considered to be a key factor in ESD. The aim of this study is to show how students' emotional intelligence influenced their resilience, with repercussions on their engagement and subsequent academic performance. The research model was tested through a questionnaire addressed to 340 students from three different universities during the full lockdown of March-May 2020 as a result of the pandemic. Results show that emotional intelligence was positively related to resilience, which in turn was related to engagement, and consequently, resulted in better academic performance. This finding should spark interest in developing emotional intelligence in education, not only because it produces healthy citizens in the long term, but also because of its short-term positive impacts in the classroom, particularly in such adverse situations as those described here. This study provides a model that links classic variables on educational and positive psychology research with ESD in times of COVID-19.

9.
Journal of Science and Technology ; JOUR:38-38, 40.
Article in English | Africa Wide Information | ID: covidwho-2092721

ABSTRACT

AJOL : This study explored the relationship between dietary patterns, nutritional status and cognitive performance of final year undergraduate students in the Food Science and Technology department of KNUST. A cross sectional study was conducted among the final year undergraduate students of the Food Science and Technology Department, KNUST, Kumasi. A total of 30 participants were conveniently sampled for the study;however, only 21 were able to complete the study due to the Covid-19 pandemic and the resulting closure of schools. Five distinct dietary patterns were obtained using 99 food components identified through the food frequency questionnaire. These mainly comprised of starch-based foods, soups and stews with little fruits and vegetables consumption. A good proportion of participants (42.9%) had normal BMI. The prevalence of underweight, overweight and obesity was 14.3%, 28.6% and 14.3% respectively. Participants with normal cognitive performance were slightly higher (52.4%) than those with mild cognitive impairment (47.6%) according to the Montreal Cognitive Assessment test. The results showed no significant correlation between dietary patterns and nutritional status. Adherence to dietary pattern 4 characterized by low consumption of iron-enhancing fruits, sea foods, soups and stews, high consumption of starch-based foods, no iron-enhancing vegetables and snack consumption was associated with cognitive decline. Fruits and vegetables consumption was generally low, necessitating nutrition education and campaigns to encourage healthy eating. Furthermore, it will be necessary to apply policies to regulate the quality of food sold at on-campus cafeterias and canteens since students eat from these places while on campus

10.
Nauchnye I Tekhnicheskie Biblioteki-Scientific and Technical Libraries ; JOUR(5): 66-84,
Article in Russian | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2091645

ABSTRACT

The approach to assess library performance was approbated;the results are discussed. The proposed instruments enable to calculate several indicators of social, technological, economic and organizational efficiency as well as summary efficiency index. This method enables to define whether the library goals are achieved, to relate the results to invested resources, to evaluate process satisfaction degree. The authors suggest alternative indicators for normal and extreme circumstances (e. g. during COVID-19 pandemic). The assessment is based on the indicators included into 6-NK statistical standard (Public Library Report) as well as the indicators used in plans, reports, analytical reviews to be submitted to founders, central libraries, or regional authorities. The methods require no extra information or special research. Its stage-by-stage description makes them replicable, which is evidenced by approbation results presented by many libraries. The element index enables to measure the indicators, to analyze and compare them, and to make informed managerial, strategic and political decisions. The universal method can be applied irrespective of library type, status, and departmental subordination.

11.
Revista de Ciencias Sociales ; JOUR(ESPECIAL 6):199-211, 28.
Article in Spanish | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2091615

ABSTRACT

In order to reduce contagion by the COVID-19 pandemic, Peruvian educational institutions migrated to digital environments, showing that, even though current generations are skilled in the use of technology for socialization, not all of them use it correctly in their learning. The objective of this article is to determine the relationship between digital competencies and academic performance in students of a Peruvian technicalproductive education institution. For this purpose, the questionnaire of Gutiérrez-Castillo et al. (2017), validated by local experts, was contextualized and applied virtually through the digital platform to a sample represented by 52 students of the specialty of “Computer Operation” of the Technical-productive education center “Tarma” for having the largest number of students at the time of the research. It was obtained as a result that 46% and 44% of the students presented a good or superior level of digital skills and academic performance respectively;in addition, there is a statistically significant positive relationship between digital competences and academic performance (0.572). It is concluded that digital skills are a factor related to academic performance in students of the specialty analyzed, so if a student has greater digital skills, they will present better academic performance © 2022, Revista de Ciencias Sociales.All Rights Reserved.

12.
International Journal of Operations & Production Management ; JOUR
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2087988

ABSTRACT

Purpose Although big data may enhance the visibility, transparency, and responsiveness of supply chains, whether it is effective for improving supply chain performance in a turbulent environment, especially in mitigating the impact of COVID-19, is unclear. The research question the authors addressed is: How do logistics firms improve the supply chain performance in COVID-19 through big data and supply chain integration (SCI)? Design/methodology/approach The authors used a mixed-method approach with four rounds of data collection. A three-round survey of 323 logistics firms in 26 countries in Europe, America, and Asia was first conducted. The authors then conducted in-depth interviews with 55 logistics firms. Findings In the first quantitative study, the authors find mediational mechanisms through which big data analytics technology capability (BDATC) and SCI influence supply chain performance. In particular, BDATC and SCI are two second-order capabilities that help firms develop three first-order capabilities (i.e. proactive capabilities, reactive capabilities, and resource reconfiguration) and eventually lead to innovation capability and disaster immunity that allow firms to survive in COVID-19 and improve supply chain performance. The results of the follow-up qualitative analysis not only confirm the inferences from the quantitative analysis but also provide complementary insights into organizational culture and the institutional environment. Originality/value The authors contribute to supply chain risk management by developing a three-level hierarchy of capabilities framework and finding a mechanism with the links between big data and big disaster. The authors also provide managerial implications for logistics firms to address the new management challenges posed by COVID-19.

13.
Inf Syst Front ; : 1-27, 2022 Jan 26.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2085452

ABSTRACT

IT offers significant benefits both to individuals and organisations, such as during the Covid-19 pandemic where technology played a primary role in aiding remote working environments; however, IT use comes with consequences such as 'technostress' - stress arising from extended use of technology. Addressing the paucity of research related to this topic, in this study, we examine the role of mindfulness and IT mindfulness to both mitigate the impact of technostress and alleviate its negative consequences; revealing that mindfulness can reduce technostress and increase job satisfaction, while IT mindfulness can enhance user satisfaction and improve task performance. Moreover, our work sheds light on the under-researched relationship between mindfulness and IT mindfulness; showing that the latter has a stronger influence on IT related outcomes; revealing the valuable role of mindfulness and IT mindfulness in the workplace and offering important implications to theory and practice.

14.
Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering ; JOUR(12-B):No Pagination Specified, 83.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2084023

ABSTRACT

Through the use of virtual simulations (VS) in nursing education, nursing students are exposed to a variety of clinical scenarios that may potentially improve their learning of competencies, increase their self-efficacy, and enhance their future clinical performance. Despite limited quantitative research incorporating evidence-based strategies such as prebriefing and debriefing as part of the VS experience, this educational technology continues to gain popularity. In 2020, the use of VS in the nursing curriculum exponentially increased when the global COVID-19 pandemic impacted traditional in-person clinicals, laboratory, and human patient simulation (HPS) experiences. Associate Degree Nursing (ADN) programs have benefited from the use of VS. Among the various types of programs that educate prelicensure nursing students, ADN programs prepare the greatest number of students, educate more culturally and academically diverse students, and are challenged to prepare competent nurse graduates within a short curriculum timeframe. The researcher aimed to explore the effect of the Virtual Simulation Paired Prebriefing-Debriefing (VSPPD) strategy on ADN students' self-efficacy perceptions and VS performance concerning the care of patients experiencing a myocardial infarction (COPE-MI). Guided by the National League for Nursing (NLN) Jeffries Simulation Theory (JST) and principles of Bandura's self-efficacy theory, this quasi-experimental, two-group (intervention group and control group), pretest and post-test educational intervention study examined five research questions: 1) What is the effect of the Virtual Simulation Paired Prebriefing-Debriefing (VSPPD) strategy on Associate Degree Nursing (ADN) students' self-efficacy perceptions concerning the care of patients experiencing an MI? 2) What is the effect of the VSPPD strategy on VS performance scores? 3) What is the correlation between students' self-efficacy perceptions and VS performance scores? 4) What is the influence of selected demographic variables on students' self-efficacy perceptions concerning the care of patients experiencing an MI? 5) What is the influence of selected demographic variables on students' VS performance scores? Implemented with a third-semester, five-credit, advanced medical-surgical nursing course in the ADN curriculum, the VSPPD strategy aimed to positively influence nursing students' self-efficacy for performing cognitive, practical, and affective COPE-MI nursing skills and VS performance scores through students' participation in a paired prebriefing-debriefing and repeated completion of the same VS scenario preceded and followed by structured briefing conversations. The VSPPD strategy was developed by the researcher based on the International Nursing Association for Clinical Simulation and Learning (INACSL) Standards of Best Practice: SimulationSM, constructs of the JST, and the NLN vSim for Nursing Curriculum Integration Guide for Faculty. The effectiveness of this educational strategy was measured by the Care of Patients Experiencing a Myocardial Infarction Self-Efficacy Tool (COPE-MI SET©), the Virtual Simulation Survey (VSS), and students' VS performance scores. Data analysis results for the five research questions support the effectiveness of the VSPPD educational strategy on students' COPE-MI self-efficacy perceptions (in the cognitive, psychomotor, and affective domains) and VS performance scores. Results also support that there is a positive correlation between students' COPE-MI self-efficacy perceptions and VS performance scores. While sample size limitation was a concern, this study also provided evidence that the VSPPD strategy caused positive changes in students' COPE-MI self-efficacy perceptions and VS performance scores regardless of students' age, previous experience with video or computer gaming, or previous healthcare work experience. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

15.
IIMB Management Review ; JOUR
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-2083029

ABSTRACT

Under stress events, most of the asset prices tend to be positively correlated breaking the diversification benefits. In this study, we explore the performance of different assets particularly during stress events (the 2008 crisis and COVID-19 crisis) which can come to the rescue of portfolio managers as hedging strategies. Further, the analysis evaluates the performance of different combinations of portfolios with and without including volatility assets. Empirical results indicate that with only an allocation of 5% of the portfolio to volatility asset class, investors with different risk appetites were able to achieve 10% expected returns with reduced uncertainty.

16.
International Journal of Emerging Markets ; JOUR
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2082845

ABSTRACT

Purpose This paper provides new evidence on Indian tourism firms by investigating the role of a firm's financial conditions typified by its leverage, earnings, size, cash holdings, and excess cash in moderating the pandemic-led idiosyncratic volatility in its stock prices. Design/methodology/approach The authors employ a firm-level panel comprising 82 publicly-listed tourism firms from India. Firm risk is estimated for the period beginning January 2020 to December 2020. Findings This paper finds non-linear effects of the pandemic on the idiosyncratic risk of the sample firms. Precisely, stock price volatility rises, but as the market absorbs this information, volatility subsides even as the disease spreads further. Further, lower levels of past debt and earnings and higher cash holdings ameliorate the pandemic's effects on tourism firms' risk. Contrasting the view that "excess" cash reflects poor operational performance, we show that "excess" cash firms are better prepared to face the adverse effects of the pandemic. Research limitations/implications This study's sample period fully encompasses the first wave of the pandemic (January-December 2020) of the novel coronavirus infection spread. Originality/value To the best of the authors' knowledge, this is the first study to assess the moderating effects of company fundamentals on the risk of Indian tourism firms. In doing so, the authors account for non-linear effects of the pandemic on firms' idiosyncratic volatility over time.

17.
International Journal of Manpower ; JOUR
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2082740

ABSTRACT

Purpose The author examined the association between public employees' satisfaction with pandemic-induced telework satisfaction and job autonomy, organizational goal clarity, organizational justice, and performance-based culture. In addition, the author analyzed the moderating effects of generation and gender on the relationships between job autonomy, organizational goal clarity, organizational justice, performance-based culture, and pandemic-induced telework satisfaction. Design/methodology/approach This study used survey data collected from 4,339 Korean public employees, comprising 1,983 central government officials and 2,356 metropolitan government officials, during the COVID-19 pandemic. This study conducted a structural equation model to test hypotheses. Findings The author found that job autonomy, organizational goal clarity, organizational justice, and performance-based culture were positively associated with pandemic-induced telework satisfaction. In addition, this research found the moderating effects of generation and gender on the relationships between job autonomy, organizational goal clarity, organizational justice, performance-based culture, and pandemic-induced telework satisfaction. Originality/value This study's results can guide public organizations in developing public management strategies to improve pandemic-induced telework satisfaction. In particular, public organizations need to cope effectively with the broad prevalence of telework triggered by the COVID-19 pandemic by establishing high job autonomy, a performance-oriented culture, a fair evaluation system, and clear and measurable performance goals and adjusting telework according to the generational and gender characteristics.

18.
Journal of Chinese Economic and Foreign Trade Studies ; JOUR
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2082455

ABSTRACT

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine the influence of the daily growth in confirmed COVID-19 cases in Malaysia and government interventions on the daily returns of financial times stock exchange Bursa Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Composite Index (FBMKLCI) and eight selected Bursa Malaysia sectorial indices for the period January 29, 2020 to March 31, 2021. Design/methodology/approach This paper adopts the multivariate generalized autoregressive conditional heteroscedasticity model to determine the effects for the entire study period and four sub-periods, i.e. pre-government intervention, movement control order (MCO), conditional MCO (CMCO) and recovery MCO phases. Findings This paper finds no evidence of the effect of the daily growth in confirmed COVID-19 cases on the returns of FBMKLCI and eight Bursa Malaysia sectorial indices for the full study period. However, the former has exerted different effects over the four sub-periods. Sectors that are positively affected for the MCO period are financial services and real estate investment trust. Yet, these sectors are negatively affected for the CMCO period along with the industrial products and services and technology sectors. Sectors that consistently demonstrate statistically insignificant results are construction, energy, plantation and utilities. Originality/value This study makes an initial attempt to investigate the influence of the COVID-19 pandemic on the returns of Bursa Malaysia sectorial indices over different phases of government interventions in Malaysia.

19.
Quality in Higher Education ; JOUR: 1-19,
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2082357

ABSTRACT

This article studies the relationship between the socioeconomic conditions of higher education students in Colombia and their academic performance during the pandemic. The household's socioeconomic conditions are approximated by the education level of the parents, their occupation and the possession of assets. A multiple regression model tests the effect of these variables on academic performance before and during the pandemic. Results suggest that before the pandemic, the mother's graduate education and household technology assets showed a positive impact on test score. Mixed effects of parents' occupations by gender were also found. During the pandemic, the effect of the mother's education remained the same, and the effect of technological assets, in-person education and high-quality accredited establishment increased.

20.
Development and Administration of Border Areas of the Czech Republic and Poland: Support for Sustainable Development (Raspo 2021) ; JOUR: 60-67,
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2081736

ABSTRACT

Within a vibrant business ecosystem, innovations are constantly metamorphosing into a determinant for survival and generating a competitive advantage in the market. This course is frequently becoming apparent in a pandemic as especially SMEs have been obliged to change the business model to survive. One of these models is the open innovation model. This is welcome, especially in cross-border areas, where the cooperation with external partners, spreads beyond national borders. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on cross-border cooperation of innovative SMEs in the field of implementation of open innovations, focusing on small and medium-sized enterprises in the border regions Cieszyn Silesia and Beskydy in Poland and the Czech Republic. The surveyed innovative SMEs understand and implement the idea of open innovations to create innovative projects, especially of a process nature (because they cooperate with external entities in the process of creating innovations). Concerning the geographic positions of regions, the range of the geographic impact of innovations arising in the open model of innovations is transnational. The main common feature is that even though both parties display signs of open innovation, the open innovation model is not part of their innovation strategy.

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